Publications

Found 80 results

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2018
Foster C, Graham M, Mann L, Waema T, Friederici N. "Who controls the digital? Value chains and the challenges of connectivity for East African firms." Economic Geography. 2018;94(1):68-86. AbstractFull text link

In recent years, Internet connectivity has greatly improved across the African continent. This article examines the consequences that this shift has had for East African firms that are part of global value chains (GVCs). Prior work yielded contradictory expectations: firms might benefit from connectivity through increased efficiencies and improved access to markets, although they might also be further marginalized through increasing control of lead firms. Drawing on extensive qualitative research in Kenya and Rwanda,including 264 interviews, we examine 3 sectors (tea, tourism, and business process outsourcing) exploring overarching, cross-cutting themes. The findings support more pessimistic expectations: small African producers are only thinly digitally integrated in GVCs. Moreover, shifting modes of value chain governance, supported by lead firms and facilitated by digital information platforms and data standards are leading to new challenges for firms looking to digitally integrate. Nevertheless, we also find examples in these sectors of opportunities where small firms are able to cater to emerging niche customers, and local or regional markets. Overall, the study shows that improving connectivity does not inherently benefit African firms in GVCs without support for complementary capacity and competitive advantages.

2016
Mutunga IM, Waema TM. "Context of mobile phone use and its effects on smallholder farmer’s livelihood outcomes in Kenya." International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology. 2016;3(4):121-136.
Mwangi H, Williams D, Waema T, Nganga Z. "Leveraging HIV advancement in the light of Tuberculosis and Malaria using System Dynamics." Advances in Computer System. 2016;5:47-54.
Mulwa MM, Waema TM. "Understanding Mobile Banking from a Theoretical Lens: Case Studies of Selected Kenyan m-Banking Products." International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy. 2016;7(1):54-68.
2015
Barasa B, Kakembo V, Mwololo Waema T, Laban M. "Effects of heterogeneous land use/cover types on river channel morphology in the Solo River catchment, Eastern Uganda." Geocarto International Journal. 2015.
Waema TM. "ICT4D and Global Connectivity." The International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society. 2015:1-4.
Omwansa TK, Lule I, Waema T. "The Influence of Trust and Risk in Behavioural Intention to Adopt Mobile Financial Services among the Poor." International Arab Journal of e-Technology (IAJeT). 2015;4(1):8-16.
Mulwa MM, Waema TM. "Understanding mobile banking from a theoretical lens: Case studies of selected Kenyan m-banking products." International Journal of Management & Information Technology. 2015;10(8):2434-2444.
Mwangi H, Williams D, Waema T, Nganga Z. "Using system dynamics to understand the role of cofactors TB and malaria in the progression of HIV." International Journal of System Dynamics. 2015.
2013
Omwansa, T.K., Waema TM, Chen C, Sullivan NP. "The Mobile Phone as the Tool to Redefine Savings for the Poor: Evidence from Kenya." African Journal of Science, Technology and Innovation. 2013;5(4):1-7.
Tocho JA, Waema TM. "Towards an e-waste management framework in Kenya." info. 2013;15(5):99-113.Website
2012
Ndung'u MN, Waema TM, Mitullah WV. "Factors influencing usage of new technologies in low-income households in Kenya: the case of Nairobi.". 2012. AbstractWebsite

Purpose – Use of e-mail, the internet and mobile phones, collectively referred to as the “new technologies” in this paper, is influenced by various factors in low-income households. These factors, which range between individual, social, economic, environmental, cultural and knowledge, have not been explored fully, particularly in low-income households in Kenya. This paper aims to argue that access to the new technologies does not lead automatically to use thereof, since a combination of the factors determines if (and how) the technologies are used. Design/methodology/approach – This paper uses data collected through a survey conducted in 2010, which complemented the 2007 Research ICT Africa (RIA) data. The 2010 survey focused on three clusters based in Nairobi, a subset of RIA (2007). The three clusters are Ofafa 1 (A), Umoja II (B) and Riruta Satellite (C). Data from 40 households are used. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from the households. Findings – Age, income, gender, education level, skills and marital status influenced usage of the new technologies in diverse ways. With innovations such as M-Pesa, the respondents who used the technology and were confident with the usage cut across education levels. Males used the new technologies more than females did. A possible reason for this may be found in a further finding which shows that males had acquired more years of education than had females. The implication of this is that if equal education opportunities were available for all, then the usage differences would be addressed across the gender divide. Originality/value – The paper uses the capability approach developed by Nobel laureate, Amartya Sen as the theoretical framework. A rigorous research design and methodology was used to collect and analyse the data.

Ochieng DO, Waema TM, Onsomu JO. "Mobile Interfaced Crops Diagnosis Expert System (MICDES): a case for rural Kenyan farmers." Economics and Management. 2012;4(1):4-26.
2011
2010
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Kizza, J.M., Muchie, M. and Waema, T. (2010). Reaching out: Efforts to build sustainable African research and innovation capacity.". In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 2(2), 215-229. Pambazuka Press; 2010. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Wausi, A.N. and Waema, T.M. (2010). Implementing IS in developing country context: towards creating a favourable implementation context.". In: International Journal of Computing and ICT Research (IJCIR), 4(2), 12-26. Pambazuka Press; 2010. Abstract
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2009
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Dunckley, L., Camara, S.B., Abdelnour Nocera, J, and Waema, T.M. (2009). Socio-Technical Issues of Participatory Design in the Developing World.". In: International Journal of Sociotechnology and Knowledge Development, (IJSKD), 1(3), 1-14. Pambazuka Press; 2009. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. (2009). e-Governance Evaluation: Towards an Integrated Outcome Evaluation Research Framework.". In: Proceedings of the LOG-IN Africa e-Local Governance 1st Conference, June 5-6 2008, Cairo, Egypt. Pambazuka Press; 2009. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. (2009). E-local governance: a case study of financial management system implementation in two municipal councils in Kenya.". In: International Journal on Electronic Governance, 2 (1), 55-73. Pambazuka Press; 2009. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. and Mitullah, W. (2009). e-Governance in Local Authorities in Kenya: Policy and Institutional Elements of Implementation.". In: Proceedings of the LOG-IN Africa e-Local Governance 1st Conference, June 5-6 2008, Cairo, Egypt, ISBN 978-9981-1-1062-0, pp. 67-78. Pambazuka Press; 2009. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. and Musyoka, J.M. (2009). Shifting shores: investigating how the shift from electronic to mobile government interacts with the development practice in Kenya.". In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, Bogota, Columbia, November 10-13, 2009. Pambazuka Press; 2009. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. and Mwamburi, C.M. (2009). Ex Ante Evaluation of Information and Communication Technology Projects; Case Studies of Kenyan Universities.". In: International Journal of Computing and ICT Research (IJCIR), 3 (1), 65-76. Pambazuka Press; 2009. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M., Mitullah, W. and Adera, E. (2009). Research in African e-Local Governance: Outcome Assessment Research Framework.". In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 1(1), 227-256. Pambazuka Press; 2009. Abstract
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2008
Waema TM, Camara S, Abdelnour NJ, Luckin R. Bridging the global digital divide with participatory customisation..; 2008.
Waema TM, Camara SB, Abdelnour, Nocera J. Cross-Cultural Participatory Design in the Developing World..; 2008.
Waema TM, Mureithi M, Wanjira A, Schluep M, Finlay A. E-waste in Kenya: Baseline Assessment..; 2008.
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Abdelnour-Nocera J., Luckin, R., Waema, T. Culture as a bottom up concept to understand diversity in systems production and use.". In: Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Cultural Attitudes towards Technology and Communication (CATAC), 28 June-1 July 2008, Nimes, France. Pambazuka Press; 2008. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Camara, S., Abdelnour-Nocera J., Luckin, R., Waema, T. (2008), Bridging the global digital divide with participatory customisation.". In: Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Cultural Attitudes towards Technology and Communication (CATAC), 28 June-1 July 2008, Nimes, France. Pambazuka Press; 2008. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Camara, S.B., Dunckley, L.,Abdelnour-Nocera, J. and Waema, T.M. (2008) Cross-Cultural Participatory Design in the Developing World.". In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, Florence, IT, 5-10 Apr 2008. Pambazuka Press; 2008. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Mureithi, M., Waema, T., Wanjira, A. Finlay, A. and Schluep, M. (2008). E-waste in Kenya: Baseline Assessment.". In: Proceedings of the 19th Waste Management Conference on the IWMSA (WasteCon2008), Durban, South Africa. Pambazuka Press; 2008. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. (2008), The Development of National ICT Policy in Kenya; The Influence of Regional Institutions and Key Stakeholders.". In: Handbook of Research on Global Information Technology Management in the Digital Economy, Information Science Reference (an imprint of IGI Global). Pambazuka Press; 2008. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Walker, K., J. Underwood, T.M. Waema, L. Dunckley, J. Abdelnour-Nocera, R. Luckin, C. Oyugi and S. Camara. A resource kit for participatory socio-technical design in rural Kenya .". In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, Florence, IT, 5-10 Apr 2008. Pambazuka Press; 2008. Abstract
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2007
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. (2007), 2007 Kenya Telecommunications Sector Performance Review: A Supply Side Analysis of Policy Outcomes.". In: Research ICT Africa! SPR 2007 Country Reports. Pambazuka Press; 2007. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. (2007), A Conceptual Framework for Assessing the Effects of E-government on Governance.". In: 1st International Conference in Computer Science and ICT, COSCIT 2007, Nairobi, Kenya, 5th . Pambazuka Press; 2007. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. and Mitullah, W. (2007), E-governance and governance: A case study of the assessment of the effects of integrated financial management system on good governance in two municipal councils in Kenya.". In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, ICEGOV 2007, Macao, China, December 10-13, 2007. Pambazuka Press; 2007. Abstract
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2006
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. (2006), SME e-access and usage in Kenya. In Christopher Stork and Steve Esselaar (Editors): Towards an African e-Index: SME e-access and usage across 14 African countries, researchICTafrica.net, ISBN: 10 0-620-37593-0.". In: Towards an African e-Index: SME e-access and usage across 14 African countries. Mvule Africa Publishers, ISBN 9966-769-56-0, pp. 25-72; 2006. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. and Bowman-Ngaruiya, W. (2006), The Institutional Structures and Models for Implementing the Kenyan National ICT Plan. In Outa et. al (Editor), Mainstreaming ICT: Research Perspectives from Kenya.". In: Mainstreaming ICT: Research Perspectives from Kenya. Mvule Africa Publishers, ISBN 9966-769-56-0, pp. 25-72; 2006. Abstract
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2005
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Omwenga, E.I., Waema, T.M., & Eisendrath, G.P.C., Libotton A. (2005). Development and Application of an Objectives-Driven Econtent Structuring and Deployment Model (ODC-SDM),.". In: African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST), Science and Engineering Series 6(1), pp 45-50. Mvule Africa Publishers, ISBN 9966-769-56-0, pp. 25-72; 2005. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. (2005), A Brief History of the Development of ICT Policy in Kenya. In Etta, F.E. and Elder, L. (eds.), At the Crossroads: ICT Policy Making in East Africa.". In: At the Crossroads: ICT Policy Making in East Africa. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 2005. Abstract
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2004
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, MUTUKU DRKIOKOURBANUS. "Development and Implementation of a Human Resource Management System in the University of Nairobi: Analysis from a Social Informatics Approach.". In: International ICT Workshop 2004 On Application of ICT in enhancing Higher Learning Education, pp 238. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 2004. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "An Integrated Regional ICT Policy for the East Africa Community (EAC): Impact on a Possible Information Revolution.". In: Proceedings of the Third Conference on Information Technology and Economic Development. 2004 Ghana .INTERCED. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 2004. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "A Novel Framework for E-Commerce Diffusion and Adoption and supporting Digital Documentation Options.". In: Proceedings of the WAITRO Bienial Congress September 2004. JKUAT Kenya. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 2004. Abstract
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2002
I POMWENGAELIJAH, M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Omwenga E.I., Waema T. M., Eisendrath G.E. (Nov. 2002). Modelling an E-learning Infrastructure with a Content Calibrator within a Resource-constrained Environment.". In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Technology Supported Learning and Instruction (Online-Educa-Berlin), Nov 27th . East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 2002. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Omwenga, E.I., Waema, T.M. and Eisendrath, G. (2002), Modeling an E-learning Infrastructure with an nstructional Content Calibrator and Advisor,.". In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Technology Supported Learning and Training, pp 88-89, held in Hotel Itercon, Berlin, Germany, 25th . East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 2002. Abstract
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2001
2000
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. (2000) Information and Communication Technology in the University of Nairobi,.". In: Kenya Engineer, Journal of the Institution of Engineers of Kenya, Vol. 21, No. 5, September/October 2000, pp 18-21. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 2000. Abstract
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1999
Waema T, Masinde M, Odera G, Adeya-Weya C, Were P, Chepken C. Development of a Business Process Outsourcing Industry in Kenya: Critical Success Factors; IDRC.; 1999.
Ndung'u MN, Waema TM, Mitullah WV. "Previous article.Icon: Print.Table of Contents.Next article.Icon: . Factors influencing usage of new technologies in low-income households in Kenya: the case of Nairobi.". 1999. AbstractPrevious article.Icon: Print.Table of Contents.Next article.Icon: . Factors influencing usage of new technologies in low-income

Purpose – Use of e-mail, the internet and mobile phones, collectively referred to as the “new technologies” in this paper, is influenced by various factors in low-income households. These factors, which range between individual, social, economic, environmental, cultural and knowledge, have not been explored fully, particularly in low-income households in Kenya. This paper aims to argue that access to the new technologies does not lead automatically to use thereof, since a combination of the factors determines if (and how) the technologies are used. Design/methodology/approach – This paper uses data collected through a survey conducted in 2010, which complemented the 2007 Research ICT Africa (RIA) data. The 2010 survey focused on three clusters based in Nairobi, a subset of RIA (2007). The three clusters are Ofafa 1 (A), Umoja II (B) and Riruta Satellite (C). Data from 40 households are used. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from the households. Findings – Age, income, gender, education level, skills and marital status influenced usage of the new technologies in diverse ways. With innovations such as M-Pesa, the respondents who used the technology and were confident with the usage cut across education levels. Males used the new technologies more than females did. A possible reason for this may be found in a further finding which shows that males had acquired more years of education than had females. The implication of this is that if equal education opportunities were available for all, then the usage differences would be addressed across the gender divide. Originality/value – The paper uses the capability approach developed by Nobel laureate, Amartya Sen as the theoretical framework. A rigorous research design and methodology was used to collect and analyse the data.

1998
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Communication Systems: Business Opportunities, Challenges & Strategies.". In: Held at the Mombasa Continental Resort from 13th-14th August, 1998. Appeared in the Journal of the Institute of Certified Public Secretaries of Kenya. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1998. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Omwenga, E.I. and Waema, T.M., (1998) An Asynchronous Framework for a Flexible Web-Driven Spatial Courseware Development and Learning Environment,.". In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Technology Supported Learning and Training held in Berlin, Germany, 2nd . East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1998. Abstract
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1995
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "Trends in Informatics education.". In: Higher Education Policy. 1995. Vol 8. No. 3 pp. 57 - 63. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1995. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M., (1995), Implementation of Information Technology Projects & Economic Development in Developing Countries: Issues, Problems and Strategies,.". In: Proceedings of 1995 International Federation for Information Processing WG 9.4 International Conference, pp. 14- 26, held in Cairo, Egypt, January, 1995. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1995. Abstract
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1994
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Walsham, G. and Waema T.M., (1994), Information Systems Strategy and Implementation:.". In: A Case Study of a Building Society, ACM Transactions on Information Systems 12 (2), 150-173. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1994. Abstract
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1993
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Informatics in higher education-Kenya case study.". In: Higher Education Policy. 1993. Vol. 6 No. 3, pp 41-49. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1993. Abstract
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1992
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "Communications research for development: The experience of the Nairobi ESANET node.". In: Eds.,Tindimubona A & Auerbacher W., pp. 101-108. African Academy of Sciences/American Association for the Advancement of Science. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1992. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "Computer-based information systems in their social context: Use of Different Perspectives.". In: Eds., Bhatnagar & Odedra, pp. 233-243. Tata Mcgraw-Hill. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1992. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "Kenyan PACSAT licensing experience.". In: Eds., Baiya H, Balson D, Garriot G. pp 159-174; International Development Research Centre. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1992. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Rodrigues, A.J. and Waema T.M., (1992), Computer Based Information Systems in their Social Context:.". In: Use of Different Perspectives, in Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries, 233-243, S.C. Bhatnagar and Mayuri Odedra (Eds.), Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1992. Abstract
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1990
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY, J. PROFRODRIGUESANTHONY. "Error estimates for recursive Pad.". In: Discovery and Innovation. 1990 Vol.2 No. 1 pp. 56-65. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1990. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. and Walsham, G., (1990), Information Systems Strategy Formation in a Developing Country Bank,.". In: Technological Forecasting and Social Change 38, 4, 393-407. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1990. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. and Walsham, G., (1990), Information Systems Strategy Formulation,.". In: Information and Management 18, 29-39. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1990. Abstract
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1989
M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Information Systems as Social Systems.". In: Implications for Developing Countries, Information Technology for Development 3(1), 189-204. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1989. Abstract
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M. PROFWAEMATIMOTHY. "Waema, T.M. and Walsham, G., (1989), The Formation of IS Strategy: A Case Study of a Building Society.". In: Proceedings of an IFORS specialized conference on Operations Research and the Social Sciences, pp. 433-438, held in Queens. East African Educational Publishers Ltd.; 1989. Abstract
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