Bio

Prof. Waema's Bio

Timothy Mwololo Waema is a Professor of Information Systems in the School of Computing and Informatics in the University of Nairobi. He holds a Ph.D. degree in Strategic Management of Information Systems from the University of Cambridge (UK) and a Bachelors Honours Degree in Electrical and Electronics Engineering from the University of Bath (UK).

Publications


2018

Foster, C, Graham M, Mann L, Waema T, Friederici N.  2018.  Who controls the digital? Value chains and the challenges of connectivity for East African firms Economic Geography. 94(1):68-86. AbstractFull text link

In recent years, Internet connectivity has greatly improved across the African continent. This article examines the consequences that this shift has had for East African firms that are part of global value chains (GVCs). Prior work yielded contradictory expectations: firms might benefit from connectivity through increased efficiencies and improved access to markets, although they might also be further marginalized through increasing control of lead firms. Drawing on extensive qualitative research in Kenya and Rwanda,including 264 interviews, we examine 3 sectors (tea, tourism, and business process outsourcing) exploring overarching, cross-cutting themes. The findings support more pessimistic expectations: small African producers are only thinly digitally integrated in GVCs. Moreover, shifting modes of value chain governance, supported by lead firms and facilitated by digital information platforms and data standards are leading to new challenges for firms looking to digitally integrate. Nevertheless, we also find examples in these sectors of opportunities where small firms are able to cater to emerging niche customers, and local or regional markets. Overall, the study shows that improving connectivity does not inherently benefit African firms in GVCs without support for complementary capacity and competitive advantages.

2016

Mulwa, MM, Waema TM.  2016.  Understanding Mobile Banking from a Theoretical Lens: Case Studies of Selected Kenyan m-Banking Products. International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy. 7(1):54-68.
Mutunga, IM, Waema TM.  2016.  Context of mobile phone use and its effects on smallholder farmer’s livelihood outcomes in Kenya. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology. 3(4):121-136.
Mwangi, H, Williams D, Waema T, Nganga Z.  2016.  Leveraging HIV advancement in the light of Tuberculosis and Malaria using System Dynamics. Advances in Computer System. 5:47-54.

2015

Omwansa, TK, Lule I, Waema T.  2015.  The Influence of Trust and Risk in Behavioural Intention to Adopt Mobile Financial Services among the Poor. International Arab Journal of e-Technology (IAJeT). 4(1):8-16.
Waema, TM.  2015.  ICT4D and Global Connectivity. The International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society. :1-4.
Mwangi, H, Williams D, Waema T, Nganga Z.  2015.  Using system dynamics to understand the role of cofactors TB and malaria in the progression of HIV. International Journal of System Dynamics.
Barasa, B, Kakembo V, Mwololo Waema T, Laban M.  2015.  Effects of heterogeneous land use/cover types on river channel morphology in the Solo River catchment, Eastern Uganda. Geocarto International Journal.
Mulwa, MM, Waema TM.  2015.  Understanding mobile banking from a theoretical lens: Case studies of selected Kenyan m-banking products. International Journal of Management & Information Technology. 10(8):2434-2444.

2013

Omwansa, T.K., Waema TM, Chen C, Sullivan NP.  2013.  The Mobile Phone as the Tool to Redefine Savings for the Poor: Evidence from Kenya. African Journal of Science, Technology and Innovation. 5(4):1-7.
Tocho, JA, Waema TM.  2013.  Towards an e-waste management framework in Kenya. info. 15(5):99–113.Website

2012

Ochieng, DO, Waema TM, Onsomu JO.  2012.  Mobile Interfaced Crops Diagnosis Expert System (MICDES): a case for rural Kenyan farmers. Economics and Management. 4(1):4–26.
Ndung'u, MN, Waema TM, Mitullah WV.  2012.  Factors influencing usage of new technologies in low-income households in Kenya: the case of Nairobi. AbstractWebsite

Purpose – Use of e-mail, the internet and mobile phones, collectively referred to as the “new technologies” in this paper, is influenced by various factors in low-income households. These factors, which range between individual, social, economic, environmental, cultural and knowledge, have not been explored fully, particularly in low-income households in Kenya. This paper aims to argue that access to the new technologies does not lead automatically to use thereof, since a combination of the factors determines if (and how) the technologies are used. Design/methodology/approach – This paper uses data collected through a survey conducted in 2010, which complemented the 2007 Research ICT Africa (RIA) data. The 2010 survey focused on three clusters based in Nairobi, a subset of RIA (2007). The three clusters are Ofafa 1 (A), Umoja II (B) and Riruta Satellite (C). Data from 40 households are used. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from the households. Findings – Age, income, gender, education level, skills and marital status influenced usage of the new technologies in diverse ways. With innovations such as M-Pesa, the respondents who used the technology and were confident with the usage cut across education levels. Males used the new technologies more than females did. A possible reason for this may be found in a further finding which shows that males had acquired more years of education than had females. The implication of this is that if equal education opportunities were available for all, then the usage differences would be addressed across the gender divide. Originality/value – The paper uses the capability approach developed by Nobel laureate, Amartya Sen as the theoretical framework. A rigorous research design and methodology was used to collect and analyse the data.

2011

Waema, TM, Waema TM.  2011.  Policy Implications of the Relationship Between ICT Access and Usage and Well-being: A Case Study of Kenya. African Journal of Science,Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID). 3(3):30-56.

2010

M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2010.  Wausi, A.N. and Waema, T.M. (2010). Implementing IS in developing country context: towards creating a favourable implementation context. International Journal of Computing and ICT Research (IJCIR), 4(2), 12-26. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2010.  Kizza, J.M., Muchie, M. and Waema, T. (2010). Reaching out: Efforts to build sustainable African research and innovation capacity. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 2(2), 215-229. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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2009

M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2009.  Waema, T.M. and Mitullah, W. (2009). e-Governance in Local Authorities in Kenya: Policy and Institutional Elements of Implementation. Proceedings of the LOG-IN Africa e-Local Governance 1st Conference, June 5-6 2008, Cairo, Egypt, ISBN 978-9981-1-1062-0, pp. 67-78. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2009.  Waema, T.M. (2009). E-local governance: a case study of financial management system implementation in two municipal councils in Kenya. International Journal on Electronic Governance, 2 (1), 55-73. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2009.  Waema, T.M. and Mwamburi, C.M. (2009). Ex Ante Evaluation of Information and Communication Technology Projects; Case Studies of Kenyan Universities. International Journal of Computing and ICT Research (IJCIR), 3 (1), 65-76. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2009.  Waema, T.M. (2009). e-Governance Evaluation: Towards an Integrated Outcome Evaluation Research Framework. Proceedings of the LOG-IN Africa e-Local Governance 1st Conference, June 5-6 2008, Cairo, Egypt. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2009.  Dunckley, L., Camara, S.B., Abdelnour Nocera, J, and Waema, T.M. (2009). Socio-Technical Issues of Participatory Design in the Developing World. International Journal of Sociotechnology and Knowledge Development, (IJSKD), 1(3), 1-14. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2009.  Waema, T.M. and Musyoka, J.M. (2009). Shifting shores: investigating how the shift from electronic to mobile government interacts with the development practice in Kenya.. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, Bogota, Columbia, November 10-13, 2009. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2009.  Waema, T.M., Mitullah, W. and Adera, E. (2009). Research in African e-Local Governance: Outcome Assessment Research Framework. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 1(1), 227-256. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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2008

Waema, TM, Mureithi M, Wanjira A, Schluep M, Finlay A.  2008.  E-waste in Kenya: Baseline Assessment..
Waema, TM, Camara SB, Abdelnour, Nocera J.  2008.  Cross-Cultural Participatory Design in the Developing World..
Waema, TM, Camara S, Abdelnour NJ, Luckin R.  2008.  Bridging the global digital divide with participatory customisation..
M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2008.  Waema, T.M. (2008), The Development of National ICT Policy in Kenya; The Influence of Regional Institutions and Key Stakeholders.. Handbook of Research on Global Information Technology Management in the Digital Economy, Information Science Reference (an imprint of IGI Global). : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2008.  Camara, S.B., Dunckley, L.,Abdelnour-Nocera, J. and Waema, T.M. (2008) Cross-Cultural Participatory Design in the Developing World.. Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, Florence, IT, 5-10 Apr 2008. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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M., PROFWAEMATIMOTHY.  2008.  Walker, K., J. Underwood, T.M. Waema, L. Dunckley, J. Abdelnour-Nocera, R. Luckin, C. Oyugi and S. Camara. A resource kit for participatory socio-technical design in rural Kenya .. Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, Florence, IT, 5-10 Apr 2008. : Pambazuka Press Abstract
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