C.M. Mulei, J.K. Wabacha and P.M.F. Mbithi (2001). Short-term Economic impact of Foot and Mouth disease outbreak in a large dairy Farm in Kiambu District, Kenya. The Kenya Veterinarian 22: 76-78.

Citation:
K PROFWABACHAJAMES. "C.M. Mulei, J.K. Wabacha and P.M.F. Mbithi (2001). Short-term Economic impact of Foot and Mouth disease outbreak in a large dairy Farm in Kiambu District, Kenya. The Kenya Veterinarian 22: 76-78.". In: Biennial scientific Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya, 7th-9th August 2002, Nairobi, Kenya. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol; 2001.

Abstract:

The short-term farm level economic impact of Foot and Mouth Disease outbreak in a large-scale dairy scale dairy farm was assessed during the quarantine period (35 days) and 60 days after lifting of the quarantine. Direct and indirect areas that contributed to the financial losses were identified for the period of observation (85 days). The greatest direct financial impact was due to milk losses (42.0%) followed by purchase pf additional feeds (13.65) and culling of milking cows that developed chronic mastitis (12.5%). The other direct costs were; extra labout inputs (8.9%), veterinary fees (3.350, transport (3.05), death (3.0%), drugs (2.9%), abortions (1.4%) and chemicals (0.5%). The indirect costs (9.4%) were associated with the effects of the quarantine period on other farm enterprises. During the quarantine period there were no sales of pigs and hay, and the retained additional feeds. The overall short-term farm level direct and indirect costs associated to US$16,026 (1US$=75ksh). This colossal economic loss within such a short period of time indicates that the control of FMD is of paramount economic importance in the diary farming sector in Kenya. The factors that would determine the magnitude of the financial losses due to an outbreak of FMD are discussed

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