Land Settlements, Land Reforms and the historical causes of land grievances in Kenya.

Citation:
KONYIMBIH DRTOM. "Land Settlements, Land Reforms and the historical causes of land grievances in Kenya.". In: KLB. WFL Publisher; 1991.

Abstract:

The objective of this paper is to provide a general review of the historical and statutory genesis of the present land grievances in
European settlement on fertile agricultural land in Kenya consigned the indigenous Kenyans in those areas to marginal reserves that soon became overpopulated with the consequent decrease of land acreage per capita leading to resource conflicts.
 
With the coming of independence, a programme of land re-settlement was hurriedly designed for those who had been marginalized but this had a minimal effect on landlessness because it did not offer enough land (sold to the Kenya Government by departing European settlers) for those who were landless. Those who obtained plots under the programme were saddled by loan repayment from the onset, on, at times very marginal unproductive land.
 
The policy of land adjudication, consolidation and registration meant to give proprietors indefeasible titles for greater productivity has not, after fifty years, had the economic impact earlier anticipated by its proponents. It has not stemmed landlessness as those with titles at times attempt to enforce their rights against family members whose ancestral rights could not have been recorded in the land registers.
In a land-based agricultural country such as Kenya, the problem of landlessness is bound to increase (with increasing population and lack of off-farm economic opportunities) as resource competition increases leading to displacement and further land conflicts.
 
There is now a new opportunity to design and pass legislation that takes on board the socio-economic circumstances of the land tillers and that will protect multiple rights in periods of lack of alternative economic and social opportunities to guarantee some sort of beneficial access to land for the majority.
It will be highly beneficial to these people if new legislations include a researched way of effectively communicating them to the rural population. 
 

Notes:

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