LAND RIGHTS MATRIX: Developing Land Tenure Data for Kenya

KONYIMBIH DRTOM. "LAND RIGHTS MATRIX: Developing Land Tenure Data for Kenya.". In: KLB. WFL Publisher; 1991.


The government of
This study is a contribution towards that outcome and is meant to examine the general land use structure, land tenure conditions and their interrelations in a matrix of the user-rights scenario that will enable the government to develop a useful data base.
Four of the largest nomadic pastoralist ethnic communities were surveyed in northern Kenya, the Somali, Gabra, Rendille and the Borana in Wajir and Marsabit districts (see Map 2) in locations where they predominantly live.
Against a backdrop of extensive and intensive literature review, a field work survey was carried out using convenience sampling.  Information was recorded in semi-structured questionnaires and interview schedules, followed by focus group discussions and informant interviews.
The analysis shows that land rights, land use and livestock keeping are closely intertwined and form the economic, social and cultural basis of nomadic pastoralist livelihoods.
The detailed labour management requirement of each livestock type and age is well planned at family and community level.  Therefore, the pasture, water, veterinary and security needs of each species of livestock must be coordinated carefully in order to optimize on the use of land resources both at the settlement camps and at the grazing camps.
Land is categorized depending on the type of vegetation that it produces for dry season or wet season grazing and browsing.  Livestock, livelihood and land use therefore require flexibility and movement over large distances in order to pasture and water both the animal and human populations in an environment that is restricted by aridity, insecurity and soil infertility.
Access to suitable land means access to suitable pasture and this enables both livestock and human reproduction.  This is determined by ethnic community membership even when they own all the livestock and some of the water points (boreholes) individually.
Some more work however, remains to be done in tracking the land rights transitions over time and how these rights will respond to population pressure in these nomadic pastoralist areas in the near and distant future.




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