Bio

Prof. Susan Mbugua Bio

Professor Mbugua has lectured to both undergraduate and postgraduate students in Small Animal Surgery in the Clinical Studies Department or many years. She has supervised several students in the department at Masters and PhD levels. She has been an External Examiner in Sokoine, Tanzania, Makerere, Uganda and University of Zimbabwe.

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Publications


2008

Mburu, DN, Mbugua SW, Skoglund LA, Lokken P.  2008.  Effects of paracetamol and acetylsalicylic acid on the post‐operative course after experimental orthopaedic surgery in dogs. Abstract

In placebo-controlled cross-over trials in dogs, two ‘identical’ operations were performed on the forelimbs of each animal with an interval of 28 days, to evaluate how daily doses of 1.5 g paracetamol, 1.5 g acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and 0.5 g ASA might modulate an acute post-operative inflammatory reaction. On the third post-operative day the reductions in swelling compared with placebo averaged 33% with 1.5 g paracetamol (P = 0.02), 24% with 1.5 g ASA (P = 0.03) and 15% with 0.5 g ASA (P= 0.18); while the reductions in pain estimates averaged 47% with 1.5 g paracetamol (P= 0.01), 32% with 1.5 g ASA (P= 0.07) and 28% with 0.5 g ASA {P= 0.21). There were no clinical signs of adverse drug effects, such as vomiting, haematochezia, cyanosis or depression. The results disagree with the traditional view that paracetamol has little or no anti-inflammatory effect, and demonstrate that paracetamol may reduce an acute inflammatory reaction, at least as efficiently as ASA. The potential proinflammatory effect of ASA in low doses is discussed. It is concluded that paracetamol appears to be a valuable drug against post-operative or post-traumatic sequelae in the veterinary as well as in the human clinic.

Huch, NKM, Hanak AS, Specht I, Dortu CM, Thonart P, Mbugua S, Holzapfel WH, Hertel C, Franz CM.  2008.  Use of Lactobacillus strains to start cassava fermentations for Gari production.

2006

Ndurumo, SM;, Tsigadi SA;, Gitonga NP;, Mbugua SW.  2006.  Corneal surgery in dogs: Removal of an aberrant spirurid worm and intracapsular lens removal.

2003

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  2003.  Mande, D.J., P.M.F.Mbithi, S.W. Mbugua.I.B.J. Buoro and P. K. Gathumbi (2003) Volume of the Ligamentum Capitis Femoris in Osteoarthritic Hip Joints of Adult Dogs. J. S. Afr.Vet. Ass. 74 (1) 11-13. East Afri. Med J. 1988 May; 65(5):330-4. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  2003.  Mande, D.J., P.M.F.Mbithi, S.W. Mbugua.I.B.J. Buoro and P. K. Gathumbi (2003) Volume of the Ligamentum Capitis Femoris in Osteoarthritic Hip Joints of Adult Dogs. J. S. Afr.Vet. Ass. 74 (1) 11-13. East Afri. Med J. 1988 May; 65(5):330-4. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

2002

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  2002.  Mande, J.D., , I.B.J. Buoro, P.M.F. Mbithi, and S.W. Mbugua (2002) Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycans in the Treatment of Osteoarthritis: A Review. The Kenya Vet.(23) 70-71. East Afri. Med J. 1988 May; 65(5):330-4. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  2002.  Mande, J.D., I.B.J. Buoro, S.W. Mbugua and P.M.F. Mbithi (2002) Experimental Models of Osteoarthritis. A Review The Kenya Vet. (23) 67-69. East Afri. Med J. 1988 May; 65(5):330-4. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1998

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1998.  Mbugua, S.W., A. Bencivenga,S. Varma, J. Wambua, E. Wambua, T. Manyibe and G. Muchemi (1998) Repair of Posterior Cruciate and Collateral Ligaments Rupture in a Male Cheetah.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1996

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1996.  Mbugua, S.W. (1996) contribution on rabies and worms in . Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1995

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1995.  Perry, B.D., Kyendo, T.M., Mbugua, S.W., Price, J.E. and Varma, S.(1995). Increasing rabies vaccination coverage in urban dog populations of high human population density suburbs - A case study in Nairobi, Kenya.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1995.  Mbugua, S.W.(1995) The role of the Kenya Veterinary Board in the veterinary profession. Paper presented in the Kenya Veterinary Association Annual Scientific Conference... Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1994

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1994.  Mbugua, S.W. (1994) Rabies: A practical approach. Presented in 3 workshops ( Ngecha, Gatundu and Kathiani in Kenya) for the Kenya Veterinary Association. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1994.  Mbugua, S.W., (1994). Establishing a breeding kennel; Care of the bitch and neonates. Kenya Veterinary Association - Central Branch scientific meeting.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1994.  Mbithi, P.M.F., Mbiuki, S.M., Mbugua, S.W. and Mitema, E. (1994). Pseudoarthrosis and arthrodesis of the bovine fetlock. Tanzania Vet. Journal.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1993

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1993.  Mbugua, S.W. (1993). A Perspective of the Kenya Veterinary Board on curriculum development and veterinary needs into the 21st century. Kenya Veterinary Association annual scientific meeting in Nairobi.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1993.  Karim, F., Kanui, T.I. and Mbugua S.W.(1993). Effects of pethidine, acetylsalicylic acid and hydrocortisone on formalin-induced pain in the naked mole rat (Heterocephalus Glaber). African Journal of Neurosciences,Vol.1,No.1,Pg.91.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1993.  Karim, F., Kanui, T.I. and, Mbugua S.W.(1993). Effects of codein, naproxen and dexamethasone on formalin-induced pain in the naked mole rat (Heterocephalus Glaber). Nuero Report. Vol.1, No.1, Pg.25-28.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1991

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1991.  Njuki, P.K., Gathumbi, P.K. and Mbugua, S.W., (1991): Tyzzer. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1989

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1989.  Bwangamoi, O., price, J.E., Mbugua, S.W., Mbaka, M. Gathumbi, P. and DaCosta, R.P.R. (1989): An Outbreak of canine distemper in Nairobi. Bull. Anim. Hlth. and Prod. in Africa, Special Issue, 79-86.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1989.  Mbugua, S.W., Skoglund, L.A. and Lokken, P. (1989): Effects of phenylbutazone and indomethacin on the post-operative course following experimental orthopaedic surgery in dogs. Acta. Vet. Scand., 30, 27-35.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1989.  Bwangamoi, O., Buoro, I.B.J., Price, J.E., DaCosta, R.P.R. and Mbugua, S.W., (1989). Natural Trypanosoma Vivax infection in a domestic cat in Nairobi. Bull. An. Hlth. and prod. in Africa, Special Issue, 147-157.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1988

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1988.  Mbugua, S.W., Skoglund, L.A., Skjelbred, P. and Lokken, P. (1988): Effects of a glucocorticoid in the post-operative course following experimented orthopaedic surgery in dogs. Acta. Vet. Scand. 29, 415-419.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1988.  Mburu, D.N., Mbugua, S.W., Skoglund, L.A and lokken, P. (1988): Effects of paracetamol and acetylsalicylic acid on the post-operative course after experimental orthopaedic surgery in dogs. J.Vet. Pharmacol. Therap. 11, 163-171.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1988.  Mburu, D.N., Mbugua, S.W., Skoglund, L.A and lokken, P. (1988): Effects of paracetamol and acetylsalicylic acid on the post-operative course after experimental orthopaedic surgery in dogs. J.Vet. Pharmacol. Therap. 11, 163-171.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1988.  Mbugua, S.W., Skoglund, L.A., Djoseland, O. and Lokken, P. (1988): Adrenocortical suppression by a glucocorticoid: Effect of a single i.m. injection of betamethasone depot versus placeto given prior to orthopaedic surgery in dogs. Acta. Vet. Scand., 29, 4. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1987

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1987.  Mbugua, S.W., (1987). Steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories in surgery. Paper presented during Kenya Veterinary Association - Coast Branch scientific meeting in Mombasa.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1980

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1980.  Nyaga, P.W., S.M. Njiro, C.G. Ndiritu, S.W. Mbugua (1980) Pulmonary geotrichosis in Kenya: Bulletin of Animal Production in Africa, Vol, 4 No. 1 pg 6-9.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1979

Stelfox, John G; Kufwafwa, JMSPDW; W; G.  1979.  Livestock and wild herbivore populations in the Kenya rangelands in 1977 compared with 1978. Abstract

Compares wild herbivore and livestock poulation data collected during the aerial suveys throughout the rangelands areas during 1977 and 1978. rangelands which were flown in straight line belt transects the first year at l0km spacing and the second at 5km apart. Elephant population estimates according to the ecoregions were: Northern Rift Valley 1,600 in 1977 but not included in 1978; Northern volcanics 1,600 in 1977 and 110 in 1978; Northern Central 4,170 in 1977 and 1,930 in 1978; North East 9,500 in 1977 and 3,060 in 1978; South Central 2,800 in 1977 and 4,130 in 1978, East Central-Coastal 13,900 in 1977 and 8,450 in 1978; South East 25,500 in 1977 and 21,900 in 1978; South West 1,800 in 1977 and 3,180 in 1978 providing a total estimate for 1977 of 59,800 and for 1978 of 42,800.

Stelfox, John G; Kufwafwa, JMSW; W.  1979.  Distributions, densities and trends of elephants and rhinoceros in Kenya, 1977-1978 from KREMU's aerial surveys. Abstract

Baseline information on densities, distributions and population trends of the African elephant was obtained during KREMU's 1977 and 1978 aerial surveys of all pastoral rangelands in Kenya. It was estimated in 1978 that there were between 44,000 and 67,000 elephants in Kenya 73% of the estimated 1977 population. The ratio of live to dead elephants in 1978 has further decreased to 44:56 compared to 51:49 in 1977. Of the 5,000 to 10,000 located in the general agricultural zone, most were in the national parks and forest reserves.

1978

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1978.  Mbogwa S.W., W.V Lumb, K.W. Smith: . (1978) Plating of Canine Scapular Fractures: Am. J. Vet. ResVol. 39 No. 8: 1327-1330.. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1977

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1977.  Mbogwa S.W., J.G Wandera: ( 1977). Lymphosarcoma in Dog: A case report. The Kenya Veterinarian Vol. 1. No. 2 pg 15-16. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.
WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1977.  Ndiritu, C.G., S.W. Mbogwa, P.D. Sayer (1977) Extragenitally located transmissible venereal tumour in dogs. Modern Vet. Practice. 940-946. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

1974

WANJIRU, PROFMBUGUASUSAN.  1974.  Muhammed S.I., S.W. Mbogwa: ( 1974) :Isolation of Microsporum nanum from a dog with skin lesions. The Vet. Rec. Dec. 574. Proceedings: Biannual Conference of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. : IBIMA Publishing Abstract
Measurement of tooth lengths was carried out on 537 extracted human teeth. The teeth were collected from adults aged 17 years and above and preserved in formalin. The tooth lengths were obtained by taking measurements off calibrated graph paper. The lengths obtained in this study were comparable to previous data reported in the literature. However, this new data will provide useful guidelines in Kenya for the management of endodontic patients especially in the purchase and stocking of the most appropriate endodontic instruments.

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