Economic important diseases of goats in a semi-arid area of Kenya

Citation:
S.M G, M.A O, B.O I, S.M T. "Economic important diseases of goats in a semi-arid area of Kenya." International Conference of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary medicine. 1995;(8):60-61.

Abstract:

Goats are well adapted to the arid and semi arid areas as they are able to utilize feed resources which are otherwise unpalatable to other ruminants. A survey of diseases that limit goat production carried out in the semi-arid area of Embu District where goats are the main livestock enterprise. The mean annual rainfall is 750mm falling in two season April to June and October to December. The latter are heavier and more reliable.

Twenty five randomly selected farmers were interviewed on the prevalence of diseases that affect their goats nd any control measures they were taking, using a questionnaire also including land use number of goats. Other livestock kept, feed resources and water sources. Their average farm sizes was eleven acres.

The farmers identified eight diseases to be economically important as they caused losses through death or poor growth. Therse were. Helminthiasis, cowdriosis (heartwater,) pneumonia, ticks and fleas, mange, orf, footrot, and trypanosomiais in order of priority. They reported that helminthiasis caused about 46% deaths in kids less that six months and 20% deaths in adults every year. this was based on clinical signs observed before death. These were mainly diarrhea and emaciation despite enough feed been available. These signs occurred immediately after the onset of the rains and could be attributed to hypobiosis(Gatongi 1995).

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