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OPIYO MRROMANUSOTIENO. "Metropolitan Planning and Climate Change in Nairobi: How much room to manouvre? Paper Presented at the 5th Urban Research Symposium in Marseille, France.". In: Paris 2011 World Cup in Paris, France. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2009. Abstract

Main policy challenge facing developing countries like Kenya, as noted by various scholars and organizations is on how to formulate a regulatory and incentive urban planning and development policy framework which will strengthen the potential of the urban areas to grow and develop substantially. Nairobi metropolitan plan is envisaged to address the problems such as poor housing, crime, traffic jam, infrastructure problems and environmental problems associated with the Nairobi city. The plan is anchored on the country's Vision 2030, which aim at enabling the country to be globally competitive and prosperous with high quality life. This spirit gives urban planners and other professionals an opportunity to transform the metropolis to achieve desirable and stable urban environment with minimum pollution, especially the ones resulting from land use planning decisions.

Most urban development models in African countries such as Kenya have in common a legislation challenge, which has generally ignored the plights of the urban majority such as the informal settlement dwellers and urban informal economy operators. This mistake is also visible in the formulation of the global agendas and developmental models as shown in the focus of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) where targets such as revitalization of informal economy is missing despite being a kingpin in providing work for the urban poor whose income need to be raised in order to meet basic needs.

This paper uses various existing literature and models in an attempt to address some opportunities which can be tapped via metropolis planning. It envision that the Nairobi Metropolitan plan has potential of embracing the spirit of inclusivity and at the same time address issues of land use generated green house gas emissions in Nairobi Metropolis. This will heavily depend on the ability and capacity of the local authorities within the metropolis to develop and enhance resilience for climate change through progressive control measures by using dynamic development control measures.

Key words: Development, Metropolitan, Pollution and Climate Change

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