Publications

Found 44238 results

Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year  (Desc)]
2017
Kante M, Oboko R, Chepken C. "Influence of Perception and Quality of ICT‐Based Agricultural Input Information on Use of ICTs by Farmers in Developing Countries: Case of Sikasso in Mali." The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries. 2017;83(1):1-21.Full website link
Mule, J.M., Kalai, J.M., Mulwa, J.K. "Influence of Principals' level of education on student leaders' involvement in secondary schools governance in Kenya." he Cradle of Knowledge African Journal of educational and Social Science Research. 2017;5(1):2304-2885.5.pdf
Mule, J.M., Kalai, J.M., Mulwa, J.K. "Influence of Principals' level of education on student leaders' involvement in secondary schools governance in Kenya." The Cradle of Knowledge African Journal of educational and Social Science Research. 2017;5(1).
Wambua, P.M., Okoth, S.A, Kalai, J.M. "Influence of Principals’ Involvement of Students in Decision Making on Discipline in Secondary Schools, Kenya." European Scientific Journal. 2017;13(22).7.pdf
Kibui AW. "Influence of School Environment on student's performance in Kenyan Secondary Schools." International Journal of Science and Research. 2017;6(4):2295-2300.
(2017) K, et al. "Influence of Social Equity on Enhancing Democratic Governance Process in Kenya." Journal of Public Policy & Governance . 2017;6(3).
Klopp J, Orwa D, Wagacha PW, Williams S, White A. "Informal 2.0: Seeing and Improving Urban Informal Practices through Digital Technologies The Digital Matatus case in Nairobi." Field Actions Science Reports. The journal of field actions. 2017;(16):39-43. Abstractfull text link

Conceived out of collaboration between Kenyan and American universities and the technology sector in Nairobi, Digital Matatus shows how to leverage the ubiquitous nature of cellphone technology to collect missing data for essential infrastructure - including those with high levels of informality. The project captured transit data in standardized form for Nairobi’s semi-formal bus system, developed the first public transit map for such a system and made the map and data free to the public, spurring innovation and improved services for citizens.
While most cities develop sophisticated IT projects to make their organization smarter, the Digital Matatus case suggests the value of a much more modest and bottom-up approach: it encourages reliance on common technologies like cellphones to understand and improve existing urban services – that often involve informality – in emerging countries. By developing the first-ever high quality data set and map of the Matatu network (very common semi-informal mini-buses in Kenya), the projects promotes a new, low-cost and more practical vision of smart and transit-oriented cities.

Inyega HN, Inyega JO. "Infusing Reading Instruction into Early Childhood Teacher Education Programs: The Case of University of Nairobi.". In: In M. N. Amutabi (ed.). Africa at development crossroads, Chapter 9, pp. 111-126. Nairobi: Centre for Democracy Research and Development (CEDRED); 2017.
"Infusing Reading Instruction into Early Childhood Teacher Education Programs: The Case of University of Nairobi.". In: Africa at development crossroads. Nairobi: Centre for Democracy Research and Development (CEDRED); 2017.
Maonga TW, Inyega JO, Inyega HN. "Inquiry-based learning and secondary school student performance in map work in two selected Counties of Trans-Nzoia and Uasin Gishu in Kenya." International Journal of Innovative Research and Knowledge (IJIRK). 2017;2(4):15-22.
Ouma GO, Dieye AM, Ogallo LO, Olang LO. "Institutional Challenges in Scaling-up Climate Change Adaptation Actions: Experiences from Rural Communities in Senegal and Kenya." Climate and Development. 2017:1-10. Abstractinstitutional_challenges_in_scaling_up_climate_change_adaptation_actions_experiences_from_rural_communities_in_senegal_and_kenya.pdfTaylor & Francis

Regional institutions in Africa have the potential to reinforce the adaptive capacity of rural communities in handling climate change impacts. The institutional arrangements provide the rationale for scaling-up adaptation actions by setting the roles of individual players involved in the planning process at local, national and regional levels. The scaling-up then seeks to extend and disseminate the lessons learnt across the levels to support refinement and inclusive implementation of long-term climate change adaptation strategies. This article discusses these considerations through studies of two rural communities faced with the implementation of climate change adaptation strategies in Senegal and Kenya. The cases illustrate different approaches of institutional arrangements and scaling-up of adaptation actions from community to national levels. The lessons from the
communities are typical of most vulnerable rural regions and were hence important for extended dissemination
considering that the impacts of climate change in Africa are felt largely at community levels. A reduction of this
vulnerability requires efficient and realistic adaptation strategies that seek to understand the rural communities while developing considerate policy-based alternatives at all levels of administration

Barasa L, Kimuyu P, Vermeulen P, Knoben J, Kinyanjui B. "Institutions, resources and innovation in East Africa: A firm level approach." Research Policy. 2017;46:280-291.
Matula PD, KYALO DN, MULWA SA. Instructional Supervision:Bridging Theory and Practice(A handbook for students and Lecturers). Nairobi: University of Nairobi press; 2017.
Masvawure TB, Mantell JE, Tocco JU  , P G, Restar A, Chabeda SV, Lafort Y, TGM S. "Intentional and Unintentional Condom Breakage and Slippage in the Sexual Interactions of Female and Male Sex Workers and Clients in Mombasa, Kenya." AIDS Behav. 2017:doi: 10.1007/s10461-017-1922-.
Omondi HM, Ochieng DE. "INTERNAL FACTORS INFLUENCING EXTERNAL AUDITORS INDEPENDENCE AMONG PRACTICING ACCOUNTANTS IN KENYA." African development finance journal. 2017;1(2):117-144. Abstract

Methodology - The study employed a cross-sectional descriptive study design and used primary
data. The collected data was analyzed with the help of the SPSS software version 22 and presented
with the help of frequency distributions, computation of mean and standard deviation. The
association between the research variables was presented using an ordinal a regression model.
Findings – The study established that internal factors influence auditor independence by 31.7%.
From the results of the research, it also revealed that there is a significant relationship between
audit tenure, audit firm size and audit independence. This was indicated with a p-value of 0.029
and 0.009. The study also established that there is no significant relationship between audit
committee and audit independence with a p-value of 0.465. The study concludes that audit tenure
and firm size affect audit independence and thereby the study recommends the need for ICPAK
to develop a policy that will guide audit tenure and audit committee.
Implications –The study findings suggest that ICPAK develops a policy that will guide the audit
tenure and audit committees, this will in essence promote an understanding of the auditors‟ independence
in the profession. The study also further suggested that similar studies should be carried
and focus on the perception of users such as institutional and private investors, audit committees
and members of regulatory bodies.
Value -The findings of the study concludes that audit tenure and firm size affect audit independence
and thereby the study recommends the need for the Institute of Certified Public Accountants
of Kenya (ICPAK) to develop a policy that will guid

Kimunduu GM, MWANGI MIRIE, Kaijage E, Ochieng DE. "Intervening Effect of Cash Holdings in the Relationship Between Financial Performance and Dividend Policy." European Scientific Journal. 2017;13(28):264-281. Abstract

Many studies on relationship between financial performance and
dividend policy have resulted to controversial outcome with few studies
questioning the intervening effect of cash holdings. The purpose of this study
was to evaluate the effect of cash holdings on the relationship between
financial performance and dividend policy. The study applied positivism
research philosophy and descriptive causal research design. The study was
anchored on hypothetical view that the relationship between financial
performance and dividend policy of firms listed at the Nairobi securities
exchange is not intervened by cash holdings which was tested against a
sample size of 31 firms listed at the Nairobi securities exchange selected
using purposive sampling technique. The research findings were as follows:
There was a significant direct association between operating cash flows and
dividend policy which was intervened by cash holdings. In general it was
concluded that the link between financial performance and dividend policy
of firms listed at the Nairobi securities exchange was significant. The study
outcome augment existing knowledge on financial performance and dividend
policy for it is evident that firms with ability to generate income directly
influence dividend payout ratio and therefore, top management should
enhance financial performance an

Mwaniki OK, Abongo DA, Onyatta JO, Kithure JG. "Investigating the Effects of Formulation and Geographical Location on Degradation of Carbendazim in French Beans, Kenya." The International Journal of Science & Technolodge . 2017;5(2):44-51.
Mwaniki O K, A A’oD, O OJ, G KJ. "Investigating the Effects of Formulation, and Geographical Location on Degradation of Carbendazim in French Beans, Kenya." The International Journal of Science & Technology . 2017;5(2):44-51.
Kalui DM, Moturi CA, Muketha GM, Tarus JK. "An Investigation into Customers' Requirements for Electronic Banking: A Case Study of Microfinance Institutions in Kenya." International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy. 2017;8(2):39-54. AbstractIGI Global

There is a general consensus that governments, businesses and all individuals need to harness the power of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and ICT enabled services for wider access and improved welfare standards. The requirements of MFI clients in regard to electronic banking (e- banking) have received limited attention in the reviewed literature. In Kenya, little is known and understood about the customers' requirements with emergence of e-banking. In this paper, the authors investigate the MFIs clients' e-banking requirements to align with the MFIs preparedness for sustainable success. Besides, it narrows the digital divide in provision of financial services to Kenyans. Findings from this study indicate that in Kenya, MFI clients are ready for e-banking. The paper finally recommends some possible solutions that MFIs could embrace towards successful implementation of e-banking.

"Isoflavones and Rotenoids from the Leaves of Millettia oblata ssp. teitensis." Journal of natural products. 2017;80(7):2060-2066. AbstractWebsite

A new isoflavone, 8-prenylmilldrone (1), and four new rotenoids, oblarotenoids A–D (2–5), along with nine known compounds (6–14), were isolated from the CH2Cl2/CH3OH (1:1) extract of the leaves of Millettia oblata ssp. teitensis by chromatographic separation. The purified compounds were identified by NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric analyses, whereas the absolute configurations of the rotenoids were established on the basis of chiroptical data and in some cases by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Maximaisoflavone J (11) and oblarotenoid C (4) showed weak activity against the human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 with IC50 values of 33.3 and 93.8 μM, respectively.

Samita F, Ochieng CO, Owuor PO, Manguro LOA, Midiwo JO. "Isolation of a new β-carboline alkaloid from aerial parts of Triclisia sacleuxii and its antibacterial and cytotoxicity effects." Natural product research. 2017;31(5):529-536. AbstractFull text link

A new β-carboline alkaloid named sacleuximine A (1) together with known compounds palmatine (2), isotetrandrine (3), trans-N-feruloyltyramine (4), trans-N-caffeoyltyramine (5), yangambin (6), syringaresinol (7), sesamin (8), (+) epi-quercitol (9), 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (10), β-sitosterol (11), quercetin 3-O-rutinoside (12) and myricetin 3-O-β-glucose (1→6) α-rhamnoside (13) have been isolated from methanol extract of Triclisia sacleuxii aerial parts. Compounds 1–10 were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against human adenocarcinoma (HeLa), human hepatocarcinoma (Hep3B) and human breast carcinoma (MCF-7) cells lines and also for antibacterial activities against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The cytotoxicity (IC50) values ranged between 0.15 and 36.7 μM while the minimum inhibitory concentrations were found to be in the range of 3.9 and 125 μM, respectively. This is the first report of antibacterial compounds and the isolation of lignans together with a β-carboline alkaloid from T. sacleuxii.
Keywords: Triclisia sacleuxii, Menispermaceae, secondary metabolites, cytotoxicity, antibacterial, aerial parts

Waithaka PN, Mwaura FB, Wagacha JM, Gathuru EM. "Isolation of Actinomycetes from Geothermal Vents of Menengai Crater in Kenya." Int J Mol Biol Open Access. 2017;2(5):00031.
Bochaberi JO, Onyatta JO, Okemwa KE. "Kinetics of Cadmium Adsorption in Aqueous Media Using Banana Stem Biomass." International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET). 2017;6(7):751-755.
Makworo NK, Ochieng VO, Ogoyi DO, Mukabana RW. "Knock down efficacy of commercially available insecticides against Anopheles gambiae." Journal of Applied Biology & Biotechnology Vol. 2017;5(2):077-084.
Mirara A, Maitho T, Okoth UA. "Legal Setup and Performance of Post-Privatization Artificial Insemination Service Providers in Nyeri County, Kenya." International Journal of Livestock Research. 2017;7(1).
Wanjala. G, Wanjala E. "Level of Teachers’ Efficiency in Work Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Wajir North District, Kenya." International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology . 2017;4(4):23-36.abstract.pdf
Michaelina Almaz YOHANNIS, Timothy M WAEMA MHUTCHINSONAWAUSI. "Linking Climate Information to Livelihood Strategies through ICTs: the Role of Integrated Sustainable Livelihoods Framework.". 2017. Abstracthttps://profiles.uonbi.ac.ke/wausi/

Abstract: In this paper, we propose that an Integrated Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (I-
SLF), that mainstreams ICT-driven climate information, provides the ideal means by which
such information may be leveraged to ensure sustainable enhanced livelihoods. We focus
on rural areas of Kitui County, Kenya. Guided by a range of theories such as Gender and
Development (GAD), Bourdieu's ideas of social capital, and the Information Needs
Assessment Model (INAM), we draw on the emerging variables to demonstrate that, while

Njuguna NM, Abuga KO, Kamau FN, Thoithi GN. "A liquid chromatography method for simultaneous determination of diphenhydramine, promethazine, chlorpheniramine and ephedrine in cold-cough syrups." Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal. 2017;51(2):153-158. Abstract

A simple, rapid isocratic liquid chromatography method was developed for the simultaneous determination of diphenhydramine, promethazine, chlorpheniramine, and ephedrine in cold-cough syrups commonly available in the Kenyan market. The influence of the percentage of organic modifier, ion pairing agent, buffer concentration as well as pH and column temperature on the selectivity with respect to analytes was investigated. Optimum chromatographic separation was achieved using a C18 Gemini NX column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) maintained at 40°C and a mobile phase comprising methanol –triethylamine-0.2 M ammonium acetate pH 5.0 -water mixture (50:0.15: 40:9.85, v/v) delivered at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. Upon validation, the proposed liquid chromatography method satisfied the International Committee on Harmonization acceptance criteria for linearity, sensitivity, precision, and robustness. The method was applied in the analysis of commercial samples obtained from Nairobi County, Kenya. The method can be used in routine analysis of cold-cough syrups containing the specified compounds.

Keywords: diphenhydramine; promethazine; chlorpheniramine; ephedrine, cold-cough syrups.

Mbithi, B; Muturi RW & CM. "Macro environment moderating Effects on Strategy and Performance. Published in Haya." The Saudi Journal of Life Sciences. . 2017.
Inyega JO, Inyega HN. "Mainstreaming early grade reading instruction in early childhood teacher education." International Journal for Innovation Education and Research. 2017;5(4):103-119.
"Mainstreaming early grade reading instruction in early childhood teacher education." International Journal of Innovation Education and Research. 2017;5(4):103-119.
J Coetzer, L Grobbelaar MEM. Making software humane: the effects of affective and anthropomorphism on the adoption of an m-health application. Association for Computing Machinery; 2017. Abstract

With the proliferation of mobile devices, provision of M-health care services has become feasible even in the remotest villages of Africa. Research however shows that many M-health initiatives have not been adopted and used effectively especially in rural communities. Some of the factors contributing to this range from a lack of knowledge with regard the use of technology, literacy challenges, possible fear of technology, to a lack of information regarding these interventions.
In this paper, we demonstrate that an initiative designed to recognize usability as its core function plays a critical role in the use and adoption of M-health interventions in rural communities. Two versions of an M-health intervention were developed and two interface design principles that may have an impact on users' emotions applied, namely affective design and anthropomorphism.
Using the Sethakeng rural community in the Northern Cape (South Africa) as the case study, we were able to determine the extent to which both anthropomorphism and affective design influence the adoption of an M-Health application. Further, the research revealed that because of its ability to include human-like qualities to non-living objects, anthropomorphism is a more effective method for designing M-Health applications targeting rural communities.

Kang’ethe EK, H Korhonen, KA Marimba, G Nduhiu, JK Mungatu, Okoth SA, V Joutsjoki, LW Wamae, Shalo P. "Management and mitigation of health risks associated with the occurrence of mycotoxins along the maize value chain in two counties in Kenya." Food Quality and Safety. 2017;1(4):268-274.
Muthomi J, Fulano AM, Wagacha JM, Mwang’ombe AW. "Management of Snap Bean Insect Pests and Diseases by Use of Antagonistic Fungi and Plant Extracts." Sustainable Agriculture Research. 2017;6(3):52.
Muthomi JW, Fulano AM, Wagacha JM, Mwang’ombe AW. "Management of Snap Bean Insect Pests and Diseases by Use of Antagonistic Fungi and Plant Extracts." Sustainable Agriculture Research. 2017;6(3):52-63.
Derese S, Guantai EM, Yaouba S, Kuete V. "Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae).". In: Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa. London: Elsevier Academic Press; 2017.
"Mapping of Hydrothermal Minerals Related to Geothermal Activities Using Remote Sensing and GIS: Case Study of Paka Volcano in Kenyan Rift Valley." International Journal of Scientific Research and Management. 2017;8(5):711-725. AbstractFull Text

Remote sensing investigations combined with Geographical investigation systems (GIS) provide a rapid and cost-effective method for prospecting hydrothermal and geothermal systems. Most geothermal systems in Kenya are found in remote areas where accessibility is difficult. This study was carried out on Paka volcano which is located in the Kenyan rift valley. The aim of the study was to use remote sensing and GIS to investigate hydrothermal minerals and structures associated with geothermal activities. The study involves use of Landsat TM image classification using ENVI 5.1 and ArcGIS. Lineament extraction was done using PCI geomatics 2015 while Rose diagrams were generated using Rockworks 16. The research has shown that lithological, hydrothermal mineralization and structural maps can be generated form Landsat TM images using remote sensing and GIS. It has been shown that faults trend in the Northeast, North and Northwest direction. Hydrothermal minerals that are rich in iron and clays occur on Paka volcano mountain and its neighbouring areas.

Mota SF, Oliveira DF, Heleno VCG, Soares ACF, Midiwo JO, Souza EA. "Methyl and p-Bromobenzyl Esters of Hydrogenated Kaurenoic Acid for Controlling Anthracnose in Common Bean Plants." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2017;65(8):1489-1495. AbstractFull text link

Kaurenoic acid derivatives were prepared and submitted to in vitro assays with the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, which causes anthracnose disease in the common bean. The most active substances were found to be methyl and p-bromobenzylesters, 7 and 9, respectively, of the hydrogenated kaurenoic acid, which presented a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.097 and 0.131 mM, respectively, while the commercial fungicide methyl thiophanate (MT) presented a MIC of 0.143 mM. Substances 7 (1.401 mM) and 9 (1.886 mM) reduced the severity of anthracnose in common bean to values statistically comparable to MT (2.044 mM). According to an in silico study, both compounds 7 and 9 are inhibitors of the ketosteroid isomerase (KSI) enzyme produced by other organisms, the amino acid sequence of which could be detected in fungal genomes. These substances appeared to act against C. lindemuthianum by inhibiting its KSI. Therefore, substances 7 and 9 are promising for the development of new fungicides.
Keywords: Colletotrichum lindemuthianum; ent-kauran-18-oic acid methyl ester; ent-kauran-18-oic acid p-bromobenzyl ester; fungicide; ketosteroid isomerase

Ebrahim Y. "Micro-temperature change in relation to urban built form: Use of the predictive and remedial building nomogram diagrams for sustainable development temperature changing environment." The Standard Newspaper, Real Estate (Property Watch). 2017;Thursday November 15, 2007(Thursday November 15, 2007):pp.27-28.
Kamau JM, Mbui DN, Mwaniki JM, Mwaura FB. "Microbial Fuel Cells: Influence of External Resistors on Power, Current and Power Density." Journal of Thermodynamics & Catalysis. 2017;8(1):1-5. Abstract

The effect of external resistance on voltage, current, power, power density and current density is investigated in a microbial fuel cells using cowdung is investigated. This involves use of varying resistance resistors. The fuel cells were operated under anaerobic condition for 9 days. PVC pipe was used to make a salt bridge using lamp wicks and potassium chloride. The obtained results indicated that the maximum voltage was on day 7 with 0.153 V across 33 kΩ resistor. The power was in the range of 0.000001 to 0.01 mW, current density was in the 0.1 to 23.29 mA/m2
range while the power density was in 7.5 × 10-7 to 3.1036 mW/m2 range.

Njage PMK, Sawe CT, Onyango CM, I HABIB, NJAGI EDMUNDNJERU, AERTS MARC, MOLENBERGHS GEERT. "Microbial Performance of Food Safety Control and Assurance Activities in a Fresh Produce Processing Sector Measured Using a Microbial Assessment Scheme and Statistical Modeling." Journal of Food Protection. 2017;80(1):177-188.
Okumu MO, Ochola FO, Mbaria JM, Kanja LW, Gakuya DW, Kinyua AW, Okumu PO, Kiama SG. "Mitigative effects of Moringa Oleifera against liver injury induced by artesunate-amodiaquine antimalarial combination in wistar rats." Clinical Phytoscience. 2017;3(18):1-8.mitigative_effects_of_moringa_oleifera_against_liv.pdf
Kasangaki P, Nyamasyo G, Ndegwa P, Kajobe R, Angiro C, Agapitus Kato, Masembe C. "Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) markers reveal low genetic variation and the presence of two honey bee races in Uganda’s agro-ecological zones." Journal of Apicultural Research. 2017;56(2):112-121.
Ireri BN, Wario RD, Omwenga EI, Oboko R, Mukiri MI. "Mobile Learning: Content Format and Packaging for Effective Teaching and Learning in a Learner-Centered Pedagogy." Handbook of Research on Transformative Digital Content and Learning Technologies. 2017. AbstractFull Text Link

When an instructor is able to identify, develop and apply appropriate digital media
content that motivates learners and encourages them to learn, the process of learning is
empowered. This study has identified multimedia digital content packaged in the format of
video as the most preferred learning media by the learners. Content formats that had highest
hit rate with accessed mean rate above 300 (discussion forums, video clips, and graphics)
are discussed.

Lorroki P, Muthomi J, Ininda J, Gichuru L, Githiri S, Wagacha. M. "Mode of Gene Action to Maize Streak Virus in Mid Altitude Inbred Lines CML202 and Osu23i." International Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2017;7(3):9-18.
Hadullo K, Oboko R, Omwenga E. "A model for evaluating e-learning systems quality in higher education in developing countries." International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. 2017;13(2). AbstractFull text link

The rapid growth of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has brought
about significant changes in the practice of e-learning globally. In recent years, there has
been an increasing adoption of Learning Management System (LMS) assisted e-learning in
higher education institutions (HEIs) in developing countries. Despite the perceived benefits
attached to e-learning, several studies concur that there are still many challenges facing e-
learning.

Oboko R, Omwenga E. "A model for evaluating e-learning systems quality in higher education in developing countries Kennedy Hadullo Technical University of Mombasa, Kenya." International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. 2017;13(2). Abstract

The rapid growth of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has
brought about significant changes in the practice of e-learning globally. In recent years,
there has been an increasing adoption of Learning Management System (LMS) assisted e-
learning in higher education institutions (HEIs) in developing countries. Despite the
perceived benefits attached to e-learning, several studies concur that there are still many
challenges facing e-learning.

Maina ME, Wagacha PW, Oboko RO. "A Model for Improving Online Collaborative Learning through Machine Learning." IGI Global. 2017:424-440. AbstractFull Text

Online collaborative learning provides new opportunities for student
collaboration in an online learning environment and at the same time spawns new
challenges for teachers supporting group work. With the current Course Management
Systems (CMS) such as Moodle, technology has provided online tools that include
discussions forums, chat rooms, e-mails, newsgroups, workshops, etc. These tools provide a
collaborative learning environment. To include constructivist learning in an online learning ...

Mbugua JK, Guto PM, Madadi VO, Kamau GN. "Modeling of Experimental Adsorption Isotherm Data for Chlorothalonil by Nairobi River Sediment." IJSRSET,. 2017;3(5):259-268.
Bruce OJ, Joseph OO. "The Moderating Influence of Industry Competition on the Relationship between Corporate Strategy and Organizational Performance." International Journal of Research in Business Studies and Management. 2017;4(4):13-20. Abstractogaga_and_owino_2017.pdf

The influence of strategic choice on performance is a subject of debate in strategic management. However,
previous studies have yielded inconsistent results. While industrial organization economics theory and the
contingency theory emphasize the role of industry environment in organizational performance, little
research attention has been directed towards investigating the indirect influence of the competitive
environment on performance. The current study, attempts to highlight the indirect influence of the
environment by testing the moderating influence of industry competition on the relationship between
corporate strategy and performance. The study adopted the descriptive cross sectional survey with data
collected from companies listed at the Nairobi Securities Exchange. Structured questionnaire was used and
data analyzed through both descriptive and inferential statistics and linear regression. The findings
demonstrate that industry competition has a significant moderating influence on the relationship between
corporate strategy and performance. Drawing from the findings, we conclude that performance of the firm
depends on the degree of alignment of corporate strategy to industry competition.

Ochieng DE, JM N, Mwangi M, Mutende EA. "The moderating role of firm characteristics on the relationship between free cash flows and financial performance of firms listed at the Nairobi securities exchange." Journal of Finance and Investment Analysis,. 2017;6(4):55-57. Abstract

This paper sought to find out the influence of firm characteristics on the
relationship between free cash flows and firm financial performance. Specifically,
the objectives of the study were two-fold: first, to establish the relationship
between free cash flows and financial performance of firms listed at the NSE; and
secondly, to determine the influence of firm characteristics on the relationship
between free cash flows and financial performance of firms listed at the NSE. The
firm characteristics considered in this study are firm size and age. The study used
secondary panel data which was obtained from all firms listed at the NSE for the
period 2006 to 2015. Regression analysis was employed in data analysis. Results
indicate that free cash flows have a significant positive effect on financial
performance; while firm characteristics have a negative significant moderating
effect on the relationship between free cash flows and financial performance. The
main academic contribution of the study is that free cash flows have a positive
statistically significant effect on financial performance. The study recommends
that firm managers, shareholders and practitioners should focus more on the need
for firms to generate more FCF

Ru BL, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Musyoka BK, Goftishu M, Assefa Y, Ndemah R, Molo R, Chipab G. "Molecular phylogenetics and definition of the Acrapex minima Janse group (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Apameini, Sesamiina) with the description of four new species from the Afrotropics." Annales de la Société entomologique de France (NS). 2017;53(4):219-235.
Okoth S. "Molecular profile of malaria drug resistance markers of Plasmodium falciparum in Suriname." Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2017:02655-16. Abstractantimicrob._agents_chemother.-2017-chenet-aac.02655-16.pdfWebsite

In Suriname, an artesunate monotherapy therapeutic efficacy trial was recently conducted to evaluate partial artemisinin resistance emerging in Plasmodium falciparum. We genotyped the PfK13 propeller domain of P. falciparum in forty samples as well as other mutations proposed to be associated with artemisinin resistant mutants. We did not find any mutations previously associated with artemisinin resistance in Southeast Asia but we found fixed resistance mutations for chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. Additionally, the Pfcrt C350R mutation, associated with reversal of CQ resistance and piperaquine selective pressure was present in 62% of the samples. Our results from neutral microsatellite data also confirmed a high parasite gene flow in the Guiana Shield. Although recruiting participants for therapeutic efficacy studies in very low malaria endemic areas is challenging due to the low number of malaria cases reported, conducting these studies along with molecular surveillance remains essential to monitor artemisinin resistant alleles and to characterize the population structure P. falciparum in areas targeting malaria elimination.

Mgalula ME, Richter U, Hensel O, Hülsebusch C, Kaufmann B, Oliver Wasonga. "Monitoring Vegetation Index Dynamics in Semi-Arid Rangelands Using Rainfall, Ground Survey and MODIS Data.". 2017. Abstract

n/a

Ondieki DK, Nyaboga EN, Wagacha JM, Mwaura FB. "Morphological and Genetic Diversity of Rhizobia Nodulating Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) from Agricultural Soils of Lower Eastern Kenya." International journal of microbiology. 2017;2017.
Osano BO, Were F, Mathews S. "Mortality among 5-17 year old children in Kenya ." PanAfrican Medical Journal. 2017. AbstractWebsite

Introduction: global mortality trends have changed over time and are expected to continue changing with a reduction in communicable diseases and an increase of non-communicable disease. Increased survival of children beyond five years may change mortality patterns for these children. There are few studies in Africa that explore the causes of mortality in children over five years. The objective of this study was to determine the mortality rate and clinical profiles of children aged 5-17 years who died in six Kenyan hospitals in 2013.
 
Methods: retrospective review of patients’ medical records to abstract data on diagnosis for those who died in year 2013. Data was analysed to provide descriptive statistics and explored differences in mortality rates between age groups and gender.
 
Results: we retrieved 4,520 patient records. The in-hospital mortality rate was 3.5% (95%CI 3.0-4.1) with variations in deaths between the ages and gender. Among the deaths, 60% suffered from communicable diseases, maternal and nutritional causes; 41.3% suffered from non-communicable diseases. A further 11.9% succumbed to traumatic injuries. The predominant clinical diagnoses among patients who died were HIV/AIDS, respiratory tract infections and malaria.
 
Conclusion: infectious causes had the highest proportion of diagnoses among children aged 5-17 years who died.

Rayya Timammy MAA. "Mshairi Mcheza Kwao Lakini Asiyetuzwa in Lugha na Fasihi katika Karne ya Ishirini Moja.". In: Mshairi Mcheza Kwao Lakini Asiyetuzwa in Lugha na Fasihi katika Karne ya Ishirini Moja. Eldoret : Mosol Kandagor/Nathan Ogechi/ Clarissa Vierke (wh) Moi University Press; 2017.
Stasiewicz MJ, Falade TDO, Mutuma M, Mutiga SK, Harvey JJW, Fox G, Pearson TC, Muthomi JW, Nelson RJ. "Multi-spectral kernel sorting to reduce aflatoxins and fumonisins in Kenyan maize." Food Control. 2017;(78):203-214.
Aghov T, Sumbera R, Pialek Lır, Mikula Orej, McDonough MM, Lavrenchenko LA, Meheretu Y, Mbau JS, Bryja J. "Multilocus phylogeny of East African gerbils (Rodentia, Gerbilliscus) illuminates the history of the Somali-Masai savanna." Journal of Biogeography. 2017:1-13.aghov-_et_al-2017-journal_of_biogeography.pdf
Okoth S. "Mycoflora and mycotoxins in finished fish feed and feed ingredients from smallholder farms in East Africa." Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research. 2017;43:169-176. Abstract1-s2.0-s1687428517300298-main.pdfWebsite

A total of 52 samples of finished fish feeds and ingredients were collected from smallholder farmers in
Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda, and analyzed. Culture and molecular techniques were used to
identify fungal isolates from the feedstock, and mycotoxin profiles were determined using liquid chromatography–tandem
mass spectrometry. The most prevalent fungal species recovered in the samples
was Asperigillus flavus (54.5%). Other fungal species recovered from the samples were Aspergillus tamarii
(9.1%), Mucor velutinosus (9%), Phoma sp. (6.1%), Aspergillus niger (6%), Eurotium rubrum (3%) and
Penicillium chrysogenum (3%). Fourteen mycotoxins were identified: aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2, fumonisin
B1 and B3, deoxynivalenol (DON) and acetyldeoxynivalenol (sum of 3-ADONand 15-ADON), ochratoxin
A, roquefortine C, alternariol, T-2 toxin, and nivalenol. DON (92.9%), aflatoxins (64.3%) and
fumonisins (57.1%) were the most prevalent within locally manufactured feeds, while no contamination
was found in imported feed. Samples from Kenya were the most contaminated with aflatoxin (maximum
806.9 lgkg1
). The high levels of aflatoxin and trichothecene type A and B contamination found in this
study point to potential risks to fish performance and to the health of consumers of the fish and derived
products.

Onyango MO, Mito CO, Baki P, Ouma G. "Near Real-time Tropospheric Water Vapour Profiling using a Ground-based GPS Receiver." International Journal of Remote Sensing. 2017;38(23):6697-6713. Abstractnear_real_time_tropospheric_water_vapour_profiling_using_a_ground_based_gps_receiver.pdfTaylor & Francis

This article presents a remote-sensing tool employing an artificial neural networks algorithm for near real-time determination of the relative humidity (RH) profile above a site using global positioning system (GPS) data recorded by a ground-based GPS receiver. GPS data were processed to obtain Integrated Water Vapour. The integrated water vapour in conjunction with ground level information for temperature, pressure, and RH was fed as inputs to the developed neural network which in turn generated the instantaneous RH profile, at six standard pressure levels of 100, 150, 200, 300, 500, and 700 hPa, as output. GPS and radiosonde data for the years 2009 and 2010 were used to train the system while the same data for 2011 were used to validate the system. The relative humidity profile results for 2011 generated using GPS data and the neural network, upon comparison
with recorded in situ radiosonde RH profile measurements for the same days and times in the year 2011, had root mean square error of less than 4%, which falls within the margin of error of the Vaisala RS92 Radiosonde’s humidity measurement regime.

Onyatta JO, Yusuf AO, Guto PM, Ooko JO. "The need for galvanizing and the corrosion environments in Kenya.". In: International Zinc Association and Afriken International Ltd Workshop. Norfok Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya; 2017.
Muhammad Sabiu Suleiman, Wasonga VO, Mbau JS, Aminu Suleiman, Elhadi YA. "Non-timber forest products and their contribution to households income around Falgore Game Reserve in Kano, Nigeria." Ecological Processes. 2017;6(23).
Mwamuye MM, Kariuki E, D O, Kabii J, Odongo D, Masiga D, Villinger J. "Novel Rickettsia and emergent tick-borne pathogens: A molecular survey of ticks and tick-borne pathogens in Shimba Hills National Reserve, Kenya." Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases. 2017;8(2): 208-218.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. "The Nuts and Bolts for Effective Literacy and Numeracy Instruction in Early Childhood." University of Dar es salaam School of Education Journal of Education and Development (ISSN 0856-4027). 2017;(35):17-40.
Gitari A, Nguhiu J, Varma V, Mogoa E. "Occurrence, treatment protocols, and outcomes of colic in horses within Nairobi County, Kenya." Veterinary World. 2017;10(10):1255-1263.
Hisco A, Tobias Homan, Smith TA, Masiga D, Wolfgang R Mukabana, Silky M, Collins K Mweresa, Prisca Oria, Jane Alaii, Cees Leeuwis, Teun Bousema, Nicolas Maire, DePasquale A. "ODOR-BAITED TRAPS AS A NOVEL TOOL FOR MALARIA CONTROL-THE SOLARMAL TRIAL." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE. 2017;95(5):26.
Awori M, Mehta N, Mitema F, Kebba N. "Optimal Z-Score Use in Surgical Decision-Making in Pulmonary Atresia With Intact Ventricular Septum." World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery. 2017;8(3):385-388.pa-ivs_optimal_z_score_use_in_decision_making_awori_2017.pdf
Abubakar Ali, V. K. Oduol PA. "Optimization of Handover in Mobile System by Using Dynamic Guard Channel Method ." International Journal for Innovation Education and Research. 2017;5(9):32-53.
Hayashi Y, Fukuda H, Matsuura T, Toda K. "Oral hygiene status among the Elderly in an area with limited access to dental services in a rural Kenyan community." Journal of Dentistry and Oral Health 2017. 2017;4(402).
gathece. "Oral Hygiene Status and gingival inflammation of Persons Living with HIV Attending Comprehensive Care Centre in Nairobi." International journal of innovative research and advanced studies. 2017.
Jawuoro SO, Koech OK, Karuku GN, Mbau JS. "Organization and Performance of Water Resource Users’ associations in the Southern Rangelands of Kenya." Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems. 2017;20 (3):401-4011.
Aucha JK, Wandiga SO, bong’o DA, Madadi VO, Osoro EM. "Organochlorine pesticides in air and soil from nairobi and mount kenya region, kenya." IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC). 2017;10((7)2):5-11.
JK A, O WANDIGAS, A A’oD, O MV, EM O. "Organochlorine Pesticides Residue Levels in Air and Soil from Nairobi and Mount Kenya regions, Kenya." Journal of Applied Chemistry. 2017;10(7):5-11.
UD A, K K, Gachago MM, A M. Outcome Of Age-Related Cataract Surgery At Specialist Hospital Sokoto, Nigeria In Year 2015. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2017.
Dominic O'iO, Jemimah OA. "Overview of governmental support across Africa towards the development and growth of herbal medicine .". In: Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa: Therapeutic Potential against Metabolic, Inflammatory and Infectious Diseases. London: Elsevier; 2017.
Ngumbo L, Ndati N, Muchemi L. "Participatory Communication in Poverty Reduction in Kenya: A study of Murang’a County." International Journal of Development Research. 2017;7(1):1139-1140.
Mukaria SM, Raphael G. Wahome, Michael Gatari, Thenya T, Karatu K. "Particulate Matter from Motor Vehicles in Nairobi Road Junctions Kenya." Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2017;5( 2):62-68.
Kibui AW. "Pedagogical implication of schemata on reading comprehension in the English language." International Journal of Research In Humanities, Arts and Literature. 2017;5 (4):89-94.
Omondi CJ, Onguru D, Kamau L, Nanyingi M, Ong’amo G, Estambale B. "Perennial transmission of malaria in the low altitude areas of Baringo County, Kenya." Malaria journal. 2017;16(1):257.
Manani RO, Abuga KO, Chepkwony HK. "Pharmaceutical Equivalence of Clarithromycin Oral Dosage Forms Marketed in Nairobi County, Kenya." Scientia Pharmaceutica. 2017;85(2):20. Abstract

Clarithromycin is a broad-spectrum semi-synthetic macrolide indicated for treatment of pneumonias, Helicobacter pylori, and chlamydial and skin infections. The object of this study was to evaluate the pharmaceutical equivalence of 14 generic clarithromycin products marketed in Nairobi County, Kenya, to the innovator products, using in vitro dissolution profiles and similarity factors (f2). Further, dissolution profiles of four innovator formulations manufactured in different sites were compared. Fourteen clarithromycin tablets/capsules and four suspensions were subjected to assay and comparative dissolution runs at pH 1.2, 4.5 and 6.8, for 60 and 90 min, respectively. All products complied with pharmacopoeial assay specifications. However, significant differences were observed in their dissolution profiles. The non-compliance rates for tablets/capsules were 50% at pH 1.2, 33% at pH 4.5 and 50% at pH 6.8, while none of the four suspensions were compliant. Overall, only four (25%) products complied with the specifications for similarity factor. The results obtained indicate that a significant percentage of generic clarithromycin products are pharmaceutically non-equivalent to the innovator products, and that assay and single-point dissolution tests are insufficient demonstration of equivalence between the generic and innovator products.

Wang’ondu VW, Muthumbi A, Ann Vanruesel, Koedam N. "Phenology of mangroves and its implication on forest management: a case study of Mida Creek, Kenya." Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science. 2017;16(2):41-51.
LeRu BP, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Musyoka BK, Pallangyo B, Njaku M, Mubenga O, Chipabika G, Ndemah R, Bani G, Molo R, Ong’amo GO, Kergoat GJ. "Phylogenetic analysis and systematics of the Acrapex unicolora Hampson species complex (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Noctuinae, Apameini), with the description of five new species from the Afrotropics ." EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TAXONOMY . 2017;270:1-36.
Ru BL, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Musyoka BK, Pallangyo B, Njaku M, Goftishu M, Assefa Y, Sezonlin M, Ong’amo G, Kergoat GJ. "Phylogeny and systematics of the Acrapex apicestriata (Bethune-Baker, 1911) species complex (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Noctuinae, Apameini, Sesamiina) with the description of eight new species from the Afrotropics." Annales de la Société entomologique de France (NS). 2017;53(2):106-130.
Musila, F.M., Lukhoba, C.W., Nguta, CM, S.F. D. "Phylogeny of Ten Kenyan Plectranthus Species in the Coleus Clade Inferred from Leaf Micromorphology, Rbcl and MatK Genes ." Journal of Botany. 2017;((https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4369029).).
and  Wanjala AMGO. "Physical Infrastructural Determinants of Disaster Awareness and Preparedness in Secondary Schools in Homa-Bay County, Kenya." International Journal of Innovative Research and Knowledge . 2017;2(9):120-131.
Were FH, Wafula GA, Wairungu S. "Phytoremediation Using Bamboo to Reduce the Risk of Chromium Exposure from a Contaminated Tannery Site in Kenya." Journal of Health and Pollution. 2017;Vol. 7(16):12-25.
Karuri HW, Olago D, Neilson R, Njeri E, Opere A, Ndegwa P. "Plant parasitic nematode assemblages associated with sweet potato in Kenya and their relationship with environmental variables." Tropical Plant Pathology. 2017;DOI 10.1007/s40858-016-0114-4.
Karuri HW, Olago D, Neilson R, Njeri E, Opere A, Ndegwa P. "Plant parasitic nematode assemblages associated with sweet potato in Kenya and their relationship with environmental variables." Tropical Plant Pathology. 2017;42(1):1-12. AbstractSpringerLink

Sweet potato is one of the most important staple food crops consumed in Kenya and throughout Africa but yields are greatly reduced by plant parasitic nematodes (PPN). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PPN in Kenyan sweet potato fields and their relationship with soil and climatic variables. Soil samples were collected from sweet potato fields in Busia, Teso, Kisii, Embu and Makueni counties. Thirteen nematode genera were identified across the five counties with Meloidogyne, Pratylenchus and Rotylenchus being the most prevalent. There was a significant (P <0.05) relationship between PPN abundance and sodium, calcium and iron. Canonical correspondence analysis of climatic variables revealed that the relationship between rainfall and nematode genera was significant (P <0.05) while maximum and minimum temperatures were not significant. This description of PPN assemblages associated with sweet potato in Kenya and their relationship with environmental variables provides a starting point from which appropriate nematode management strategies can be implemented.

Olago D, Karuri HW, Neilson R, Njeri E, Opere A, Ndegwa P. "Plant parasitic nematode assemblages associated with sweet potato in Kenya and their relationship with environmental variables." Tropical Plant Pathology. 2017;42(1):1-12. AbstractFull Text

Sweet potato is one of the most important staple food crops consumed in Kenya and throughout Africa but yields are greatly reduced by plant parasitic nematodes (PPN). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PPN in Kenyan sweet potato fields and their relationship with soil and climatic variables. Soil samples were collected from sweet potato fields in Busia, Teso, Kisii, Embu and Makueni counties. Thirteen nematode genera were identified across the five counties with Meloidogyne, Pratylenchus and Rotylenchus being the most prevalent. There was a significant (P <0.05) relationship between PPN abundance and sodium, calcium and iron. Canonical correspondence analysis of climatic variables revealed that the relationship between rainfall and nematode genera was significant (P <0.05) while maximum and minimum temperatures were not significant. This description of PPN assemblages associated with sweet potato in Kenya and their relationship with environmental variables provides a starting point from which appropriate nematode management strategies can be implemented.

Karuri HW, Olago D, Neilson R, Njeri E, Opere A, Ndegwa P. "Plant parasitic nematode assemblages associated with sweet potato in Kenya and their relationship with environmental variables." Tropical Plant Pathology. 2017;42(1):1-12.
Jawuoro SO, Koech OK, Karuku GN, S MJ. "Plant species composition and diversity depending on piospheres and seasonality in the southern rangelands of Kenya." Ecological Processes, 6(1), 16.. 2017;6(1):16.
Nancy-Mills A, J O, Nguhiu J, R O, A M. "Plasma cortisol levels as a measure of stress in rumen impaction in sheep." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Research. 2017;4(2):1075.
Mutala TM, Lazaro E, Odhiambo AO, Kimani NM. "Positive predictive value of prostatic multiparametric MRI in patients with high PSA levels: Nairobi experience." Cancer Imaging. 2017;17(Supp 1):29.
Ndlela S, Ekesi S, Ndegwa PN, Ong'amo GO, Mohamed SA. "Post‐harvest disinfestation of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in mango using hot‐water treatments." Journal of Applied Entomology. 2017;141(10):848-859.
Ndlela S, Ekesi S, Ndegwa PN, Ong'amo GO, Mohamed SA. "Post‐harvest disinfestation of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)(Diptera: Tephritidae) in mango using hot‐water treatments." Journal of Applied Entomology. 2017;141(10):848-859.
Situma J, Ndohvu JB. "Poverty and Human Rights: Dimensions of Morals and Ideas.". In: Poverty and Human Rights: East African Experiences. Nairobi: Focus Publishers ltd; 2017.
Andreassen BA, Ndohvu JB,(Eds) TB. Poverty and Human Rights: East African Experiences. Nairobi: Focus Publishers ltd; 2017.
Abdel-Rahman EM, Landmann T, Richard Kyalo, Ong’amo G, Mwalusepo S, Sulieman S, Ru BL. "Predicting stem borer density in maize using RapidEye data and generalized linear models." International journal of applied earth observation and geoinformation. 2017;57:61-74.
Nyamu DG, Guantai AN, Osanjo GO, Mwatha E, Gitonga I, Kanyiri ML. "Predictors of Adequate Ambulatory Anticoagulation Services among Adult Patients in a Tertiary Teaching and Referral Hospital in Kenya." African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2017;6(1):20-26. Abstract2017_-_predictors_of_adequate_ambulatory_anticoagulation_services.pdf

Background: Local anticoagulation services are inadequate and substantially underutilized despite compelling evidence showing that their appropriate use significantly reduces the risk of thromboembolic complications.
Objectives: To determine the predictors of adequate ambulatory anticoagulation services in Kenyatta National Hospital.
Methodology: A cross sectional study between December 2014 and April 2015 among 102 adult outpatients on anticoagulation using consecutive sampling was done. Information abstracted into a predesigned data collection tool included participants’ sociodemographic characteristics, regular sources of supply of anticoagulant, clinic pre-appointment reminders, indications of treatment and international normalized ratio tests. Data were analyzed using IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 21.0 and logistic regression was used to determine independent predictors of adequate anticoagulation, which was defined as international normalized ratio ranging 2 - 3.
Results: Females were majority (76.5 %) and only 27.5 % of patients had adequate anticoagulation control. The indication of warfarin for heart valve surgery (p=0.014) and deep venous thrombosis (p=0.021) were associated with adequate anticoagulation. Age above 60 years was associated with poor anticoagulation (p=0.006). Logistic regression revealed that the independent predictor of adequate anticoagulation was warfarin use due to heart valve surgery (OR=3.1; 95% CI: 1.2 – 7.9, p=0.017).
Conclusions: Ambulatory anticoagulation control in the hospital is poor. Further investigation is required to find out the reasons behind adequate anticoagulation in heart valve surgery patients.
Key Words: Ambulatory anticoagulation, anticoagulant, outpatient, international normalized ratio tests.

Nuwasiima A, et al. "Predictors of HIV prevention knowledge and sexual behaviors among students at Makerere University Kampala, Uganda." al Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health. 2017;14(4).
Mageto IG, Omoni GM, Cabelus NB, Inyega JO. "Preparedness and practice of forensic nursing in Kenya." International Journal of Nursing Education. 2017.
Mageto IG, Omoni GM, Cabelus NB, Inyega JO. "Preparedness and practice of forensic nursing in Kenya." International Journal of Nursing Education. 2017.
Mageto IG, Omoni GM, Cabelus NB, Inyega JO. "Preparedness and practice of forensic nursing in Kenya." . International Journal of nursing Education: . 2017.
Mbui JM, Oluka MN, Guantai EM, Sinei KA, Achieng L, Baker A, Jande M, Massele A, Godman B. "Prescription patterns and adequacy of blood pressure control among adult hypertensive patients in Kenya; findings and implications." Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology . 2017;10:1263-1271.
Hashim A. "Presumption of Marriage between Muslim Legal Theory and the Practice in Courts." The Law Society of Kenya Journal . 2017;13(1).
A O-R, GO O, E K, E G, F O, E O. "Prevalence of abnormal liver function tests in rheumatoid arthritis." Afr J Rheumatol . 2017;5(1):70-75. Abstractprevalence_of_abnormal_liver2.pdf

Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence
of Abnormal Liver Function Tests (LFTs)
in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
at the rheumatology out-patient clinic,
Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH).
Design: Cross-sectional descriptive
study.
Setting: Rheumatology out-patient clinic
at KNH.
Participants: One hundred and seven
RA patients.
Results: The overall prevalence of
abnormal LFTs in the study population
was 57%. The most common abnormal
LFTs were direct bilirubin and alkaline
phosphatase (ALP), which were elevated
in 34.6% and 15% of the study population,
respectively. Abnormal direct bilirubin
was associated with longer duration of
disease; adjusted Odds Ratio (OR) 0.54
(0.34, 0.86) p-value 0.009 and higher
disease activity, adjusted OR 2.79 (1.23,
6.25) p-value 0.014. Abnormal ALP
was significantly associated with BMI,
adjusted OR 0.205 (0.074, 0.57), p-value
0.002 as well as duration of disease,
adjusted OR 1.14 (1.013, 1.29), p-value
0.031.
Conclusion: This study found the
prevalence of liver dysfunction in
patients with rheumatoid arthritis to be
high, at 57%, and recommends regular
monitoring of liver function tests in
patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Introduction
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a systemic,
chronic, progressive inflammatory
disease characterized by symmetric joint
polyarthritis that progresses to severe joint
destruction1
. As a systemic illness, RA
has many extra-articular manifestations
and co-morbidities, many of which have
been studied in our local setting, and
have been found to correlate with disease
activity2-5. The liver has however been
overlooked as a target organ in patients
with RA. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect
the liver in many ways6,7; dysfunction
is thought to arise from the disease
itself, independent autoimmune disease,
infections such as viral hepatitis or as a
consequence of anti-inflammatory drugs
such as Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory
Drugs (NSAIDs) or Disease Modifying
Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs)6
.
The most common DMARDs used
in treatment of RA in our setting are
methotrexate and leflunomide, which can
be hepatotoxic. The risk of hepatotoxicity
while on treatment with DMARDs may
be increased in the presence of hepatitis
or alcohol intake.
LFTs may be abnormal in up to
50% of patients with RA and this has
been shown to correlate with disease
activity7,8. The ‘rheumatoid liver’ has
long been a topic of interest and previous
studies noted histological changes in
the liver of RA patients who were not
on treatment with DMARDs such as
fatty change, cellular necrosis, chronic
passive congestion and gross atrophy9-12.
Studies have also investigated use of
multiple DMARDs, which were thought
to predispose patients with RA to a higher
risk of developing hepatotoxicity13,14.
With increasing awareness and
knowledge of the RA, more patients
are being diagnosed early and started
on treatment, which may be life-long.
Effective treatment modalities may have
hepatotoxic effects. Abnormal LFTs are
in themselves an independent predictor
of mortality15. Due to high mortality
from both RA as well as abnormal LFTs,
such a subset of patients could therefore
be at a higher risk. This is especially so
because we currently have limited ways
of managing liver injury in our setting.
It is therefore important for us to monitor
liver dysfunction in patients with RA.

Ojuka D, Dindi K, Awori M. "Prevalence of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma." Annals of African Surgery. 2017;14(2):82-85.prevalence_of_esophageal_adenocarcinoma_2017.pdf
JIN U, GO O, CF O, M M, N N. "Prevalence of fibromyalgia syndrome in diabetics with chronic pain at the Kenyatta National Hospital." Afr J Rheumatol . 2017; Vol. 5(1): 54-57. Abstractprevalence_of_fibromyalgia4.pdf

Abstract
Background: Fibromyalgia Syndrome
(FMS), an increasingly recognized
disorder with heightened response to
pressure, characterized by Chronic
Widespread Pain (CWP), for which no
other cause can be identified. Diabetes
Mellitus (DM) is the most common
metabolic endocrinopathy. It is estimated
that more than 50% of diabetic patients
will suffer from chronic disability.
Musculoskeletal complications of
diabetes may be as a consequence of DM
complications or direct associations e.g.
FMS.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence
of FMS in diabetics with chronic pain
and to determine the severity of FMS
related symptoms using the revised FMS
questionnaire (FIQR) tool.
Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.
Setting: The Diabetic Out-patient Clinic
(DOPC), Kenyatta National Hospital
(KNH).
Subjects: Two hundred and nineteen
patients with chronic musculoskeletal
pain.
Results: The prevalence of fibromyalgia
in this group of patients was 61 (27.9%)
(95% CI 21.9-34.2). Mean age for patients
with FMS was 59.9 years, significantly
older than patients without FMS (55.6%)
(P=0.034). There was a higher female
preponderance at 49 (80%). Majority of
our study population were on followup
for Type 2 DM (94.1%). The mean
tender-point count for patients with FMS
was estimated at 13.7 (SD 2.1). The mean
FIQR score was 51.9 (SD 18.4) (moderate
disease). Patients with FMS had a higher
HBA1c value compared to those without
(9.6% vs. 9.3%) (P=0.565). Other
factors such as marital status, nature of
employment, activities of daily living and
type of medications used were not found
to be statistically significant. (P˃0.05).
Conclusion: FMS is a prevalent disease in
the diabetic population. There is increased
need of awareness by the clinicians of
this disease entity and a multidisciplinary
approach required to manage patients
presenting with CWP in DM.
Introduction
FMS is a common disorder with cardinal
symptoms of diffuse chronic pain associated
with muscle stifness and tenderness of
specific points on examination. This
disease has strong biologic underpinnings
and the aetiopathogenesis is variable.
Trigger factors may be environmental
or psychosocial. This condition affects
mainly women, and its estimated
prevalence in various populations varies
between 0.2% and 4.4%. The American
College of Rheumatology Criteria (ACR)
1990 requires CWP for at least 3 months
and presence of ˃11/18 pre-specified
Tender Points (TP) on examination1
.   
  A newer diagnostic criteria published
in 2010-2011, no longer requires
performing a tender point count to make
the diagnoses and instead entails asking
about the constellation of non-pain
somatic symptoms that are typically
present in addition to the widespread
pain2
. DM affects connective tissue in
multiple ways and this may be as a result
of micro or macrovascular complications,
a consequence of metabolic derangements
inherent to DM, and notable associations,
FMS being a key presentation3
. Over
the past few years, the most important
predictor that predisposed to development
of musculoskeletal complications is
blood glucose control. The HUNT
study4
outlined the association between
DM and chronic musculoskeletal
complaints in 64,785 patients and noted
a high prevalence of FMS and a positive
correlation with HbA1c levels. Attar5
,
revealed that up to 17.9% of diabetics
suffer from chronic musculoskeletal
manifestations, fibromyalgia being one
of them. Yunus6
, in his review article, in
2011, noted that Central Sensitization
Syndromes (CSS) have an increased
prevalence in patients with diabetes
mellitus. Of particular interest, a study

Mutinda JKKPM &. "Principles’ Influence on Participatory Discipline Management in Secondary schools, Kenya. ." The cradle of knowledge African Journal of Educational & Social Sciences Research. 2017;5(2):168-175.
Mutuma KW. "The problem of civilian contractors that directly participate in hostilities ." Africa Yearbook on IHL. 2017;Volume 2016 Number 1, August 2016(Issue Number 1):pp 8-45 (2016).
Alsanius BW, A.H. K, CM O, L. M. "Produce quality and safety.". In: Rooftop Urban Agriculture. New York: Springer; 2017.
Phiri IA, et al. "Profile of African Christianity at Home and in the West.". In: Anthology of African Christianity. Oxford: Regnum; 2017.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. "Psychotherapy, (il)literacy and information communication and technologies: building bridges to literacy excellence." Journal of Education and Human Development. 2017;6(2):128-138.
Derese S. "Pterocarpans and isoflavones from the root bark of Millettia micans and of Millettia dura." Phytochemistry Letters . 2017;21:216-220. Abstract

From the CH2Cl2/CH3OH (1:1) extract of the root bark of Millettia micans, a new pterocarpan, (6aR,11aR)-3-hydroxy-7,8,9-trimethoxypterocarpan (1), named micanspterocarpan, was isolated. Similar investigation of the CH2Cl2/CH3OH (1:1) extract of the root bark of Millettia dura gave a further new pterocarpan, (6aR,11aR)-8,9-methylenedioxy-3-prenyloxypterocarpan (2), named 3-O-prenylmaackiain, along with six known isoflavones (3-8) and a chalcone (9). All purified compounds were identified by NMR and MS, whereas the absolute configurations of the new pterocarpans were established by chriptical data analyses including quantum chemical ECD calculation. Among the isolated constituents, calopogonium isoflavone B (3) and isoerythrin A-4′-(3-methylbut-2-enyl) ether (4) showed marginal activities against the 3D7 and the Dd2 strains of Plasmodium falciparum (70–90% inhibition at 40 μM). Maximaisoflavone B (5) and 7,2′-dimethoxy-4′,5′-methylenedioxyisoflavone (7) were weakly cytotoxic (IC50 153.5 and 174.1 μM, respectively) against the MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line. None of the tested compounds showed in-vitro translation inhibitory activity or toxicity against the HEK-293 human embryonic kidney cell line at 40 μM.

Otieno VN, Irandu EM, Moronge JM. "Public Involvement in Environmental Decision Making in Nairobi County, Kenya." International Journal of Education and Research. 2017;Volume 5(Issue No. 10):pp 185-193.
AI K, Gachago MM, LO N, JM N. The Quality Of Life Of Primary Caregivers Of Children With Retinoblastoma At Kenyatta National Hospital. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2017.
Omondi S, Wolfgang Richard Mukabana, Ochomo E, Muchoki M, KEMEI BRIGID, Mbogo C, Bayoh N. "Quantifying the intensity of permethrin insecticide resistance in Anopheles mosquitoes in western Kenya." Parasites & vectors. 2017;10(1):548.
Gharial J, Laving A, Were F. "Racecadotril for the treatment of severe acute watery diarrhoea in children admitted to a tertiary hospital in Kenya." BMJ Open Gastroenterol. 2017;4(1). AbstractWebsite

Background

Diarrhoea is the second most common cause of death in children under 5 years of age in Kenya. It is usually treated with oral rehydration, zinc and continued feeding. Racecadotril has been in use for over 2 decades; however, there is a paucity of data regarding its efficacy from Africa.
Objectives

The objectives of this study were: to compare the number of stools in the first 48 hours in children with severe gastroenteritis requiring admission and treated with either racecadotril or placebo, to study the impact of racecadotril on duration of inpatient stay as well as duration of diarrhoea and to describe the side effect profile of racecadotril.
Methods

This was a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. It enrolled children between the age of 3 and 60 months who were admitted with severe acute gastroenteritis. They received either racecadotril or placebo in addition to oral rehydration solution (ORS) and zinc and were followed up daily.
Results

120 children were enrolled into the study. There were no differences in the demographics or outcomes between the 2 groups. Stools at 48 hours: median (IQR) of 5 (3–7) and 5 (2.5–7.5), respectively; p=0.63. The duration of inpatient stay: median (IQR): 4 days (1.5–6.5) and 4.5 (1.8–6.3); p=0.71. The duration of illness: 3 days (2–4) and 2 days (1–3); p=0.77. The relative risk of a severe adverse event was 3-fold higher in the drug group but was not statistically significant (95% CI 0.63 to 14.7); p=0.16.
Conclusions

Racecadotril has no impact on the number of stools at 48 hours, the duration of hospital stay or the duration of diarrhoea in children admitted with severe gastroenteritis and managed with ORS and zinc

Mulati DM, Nyang'onda TN, Aduda BO. "Raman Crystallinity and Hall Effect Studies of Microcrystalline Silicon Seed Layers." Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. 2017;16(1):106-118. AbstractJournal Website Link

Aluminium induced crystallization (AIC) was used to crystallize sputtered amorphous silicon
thin films on aluminium-coated glass at annealing temperatures ranging from 250-520° C in
vacuum. Crystalline volume fractions were measured by Raman spectrometry as a function
of annealing temperature. It was shown that the crystallized films had large grains as the
Raman peaks were centred at about 520 cm-1 at and over annealing temperatures of 420°
C. The three-layer sample crystallization resulted in crystallization of the films at lower
temperatures compared to the two-layer sample crystallizations which implied a reduction in
the cost of production of the seedlayer and resulting products. Hall mobilities and hole
densities ranging from 17.0-22.8 cm2V-1s-1and (4.7-9.2)× 1018 cm-3 respectively were
measured. Low hole charge densities for films of the same thickness were achieved at high annealing temperatures which was an indication of less aluminium in seed layers prepared at those temperatures. Having seed layers with sufficiently low hole charge densities is desirable for application of the seed layer in photovoltaic applications.
Key words: microcrystalline, silicon, annealed, raman, crystallinity, hall-effect

Kaniu MI, Angeyo HK, Darby IG, Muia LM. "Rapid in-situ radiometric assessment of the Mrima-Kiruku high background radiation anomaly complex of Kenya." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 2017. Abstract

This paper presents the radiometric survey results of the Mrima-Kiruku high
background radiation (HBR) anomaly complex of south coastal Kenya. Utilizing a portable γ-
ray spectrometer consisting of a 2.0 l NaI (Tl) backpack detector integrated with GPS to
perform the relevant in-situ radiometric measurements, a novel geospatial gating method
was devised to represent the measurements. The goal of this study was to assess radiation
exposure and associated natural radioactivity levels in the complex and to compare the

Bhatt B, Angeyo KH, Dehayem-Kamadjeu A. "Rapid Nuclear Forensics Analysis via Laser Based Microphotonic Techniques Coupled with Chemometrics." Energy Procedia. 2017;127:76-86.
Reading to learn in the content areas: The case of pre-service teachers. . Saarbrucken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2017.
Gichuhi JM, Ndegwa PN, Mugo HM, Guandaru EK, Babin R. "Rearing method and developmental biology of the African coffee white stem borer, Monochamus leuconotus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)." Journal of Economic Entomology. 2017;110(3):1120-1126.
Njenga ST, Oboko RO, Muuro EM, Omwenga EI. "Regulating group cognitive conflicts using intelligent agents in collaborative M-learning." AFRICON, 2017 IEEE. 2017;38(43). AbstractFull Text Link

Group cognitive conflicts occur when a learner in a collaborative mobile learning environment becomes aware of a discrepancy between his/her existing cognitive framework and new information or experience. The cognitive conflicts stimulate the learning process by making an individual to move from his/her learning sphere and participate with others in the learning process. However, there is a big challenge on how students handle and resolve conflicts during collaborative learning. Intelligent agents have been used in this paper to provide support for group interactions by regulating the group conflicts. An experimental design with one control group and two experimental groups (role playing and guided negotiation) is used to compare levels of group knowledge construction. The findings showed improved levels of knowledge construction where regulated conflicts were used compared to where they were not used.

Nzioka S, Elly D. "The Relationship between Diversification Strategies and Capital Structure of Non-Financial Firms Listed At the NSE." African development finance journal. 2017;1(2):32-61. Abstract

Purpose-This study was carried out with an aim to analyze the effect of
diversification strategies on capital structure of non-financial firms listed at NSE. The
study focused specifically on analyzing the effect of product (related and unrelated)
and geographical diversification on capital structure.
Methodology-An exploratory study design was used to collect data, with the
population of the study being 64 firms listed in NSE. Out of the 64 firms, 41 non-
financial firms were selected as the sample of the study. Data was collected from
secondary sources, NSE and capital market authority. Data collected was analyzed
through STATA by the use of panel data regression analysis.
Findings- Related product diversification had a coefficient of 21.5(p-value=0.007)
indicating that it has a significant relationship with capital structure. The study results
show that debt is the most preferred form of financing in related product
diversification strategies. Unrelated product diversification had a coefficient of 22.7(p
value =0.006) indicating that it has a significant relationship with capital structure.The
findings of this study show that debt is the most preferred form of financing in
unrelated product diversification strategies. Geographical diversification had a
coefficient of 0.178 (p-value=0.799) indicating that it doesn’t have a significant
relationship with capital structure.Geographical diversification boosts the worth of
shareholders by taking advantage of specific assets and by accelerating functioning

Munyasia EO, Ouma DO, Ochieng DE. "The Relationship between Lunar Cycle and Stock Returns in Companies Listed at Nairobi Securities Exchange." Research Journal of Finance and Accounting. 2017;8(20):95-103. Abstract

The belief that Lunar Cycle (LC) affects people’s mood and behavior stems from ancient lore. Various
psychological studies and behavioral business literature provide proof about effect of mood on the benefit prices.
Despite the effects of LC on people’s moods by international researchers, there has been no known study that
focuses on the impact of LC on stock returns at Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE). The purpose of this research
is to examine the association between LC and stock return among companies listed at NSE. This study adopts
descriptive research design and a sample of NSE 20-Share Index to meet the objective of the study. Secondary
data collected from NSE reports between 2010 and 2014 is analyzed using event study model and numerical
Package for the societal discipline evocative data and statistical association, and the significance of the findings
tested using t-statistic at 95% significance level. This study finds that stock returns increases throughout New
Moon (NM) and Full Moon (FM) phases compared to the normal trading days of the LC. Further analysis finds
that cumulative stock returns are higher during the NM dates. The p–value of -2.72 and -2.404 recorded during
NM and FM phases respectively deviates significantly from the t-significant rate of 1.943 under the degree of
freedom of 6, subjected to testing at 95% significance level. The results show that there exists significant
difference among mean value of stock returns during NM/FM phases compared to the mean return during
normal trading days. This study recommends that capital markets authority (CMA) and NSE comes up with
regulation which will edge lowest and highest price levels through FM and NM phases so that it can secure price
against manipulations and to protect investors against manipulations.
Keywords: Lunar Cycle, Stock Returns, Nairobi Security Exchange

Nyanaro E, Elly D. "The Relationship between Stock Market Performance and Economic Growth In the East African Community." African development finance journal. 2017;1(1):110-132. Abstractthe_relationship_between_stock_market_performance_and_economic_growth_in_the_eac.pdf

Purpose – This paper investigated the relationship between the stock market performance and the
economic growth in the East African Community. The stock market variables considered in the
study were stock market capitalization, market liquidity and share price volatility. The GDP
growth was a used a measure for economic growth.
Methodology – The quantitative research methods were employed to define the nature of
relationship between the variables. The population of the study was the All-Share index in the 4
stock markets in the member countries. To fulfill the purposes under the research, the stock market
performance of the EAC member countries was collected from the Capital markets, EASRA and
the respective Stock Exchanges. Data for GDP growth was collected from the World Bank website.
The study employed the Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model as well as the Granger test for
causality to estimate as well as provide evidence regarding the nature and direction of relationship
of the variables.
Findings - The study established an existence of long term relationship between the stock market
performance variables (market capitalization and liquidity) and economic growth in the East
African community. The study established that there was no relationship between the share price
volatility of the stock market and economic growth

Kipkorir A, Onyatta JO, Yusuf AO. "Removal of Fluoride Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Water Hyacinth Biomass as a Low-Cost Adsorbent." Elixir International Journal. 2017;110:48158-48161.
Sitta J, Nzuve F, Olubayo FM, Mutinda C, Muiru WM, Miano DW, Muthomi JW, Leley PK. "Response of Assorted Maize Germplasm to the Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease in Kenya." Journal of Plant Studies. 2017;6(2):65-76.
Keter L, Too R, Mwikwabe N, Mutai C, Orwa J, Mwamburi L, Ndwigah S, Bii C, Korir R. "Risk of Fungi Associated with Aflatoxin and Fumonisin in Medicinal Herbal Products in the Kenyan Market. ." The Scientific World Journal . 2017;2017:1-6.
Okaru AO, Abuga KO, Kamau FN, Ndwigah SN, Lachenmeier DW. "A Robust Liquid Chromatographic Method for Confirmation of Drug Stability of Azithromycin in Bulk Samples, Tablets and Suspensions." Pharmaceutics. 2017;9(1):11. Abstract

A simple, isocratic and robust RP-HPLC method for the analysis of azithromycin was
developed, validated and applied for the analysis of bulk samples, tablets and suspensions. The
optimum chromatographic conditions for separation were established as a mobile phase comprised
of acetonitrile-0.1 M KH2PO4 pH 6.5-0.1 M tetrabutyl ammonium hydroxide pH 6.5-water (25:15:1:59
v/v/v/v) delivered at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The stationary phase consisted of reverse-phase
XTerra® (250 mm × 4.6 mm i.d., 5 μm particle size) maintained at a temperature of 43 °C with a UV detection at 215 nm. The method was found to be linear in the range 50%–150% (r2 = 0.997). The limits of detection and quantification were found to be 0.02% (20 μg) and 0.078% (78 μg), respectively, with a 100.7% recovery of azithromycin. Degradation products of azithromycin in acidic and oxidative environments at 37 °C were resolved from the active pharmaceutical ingredient and thus the method is fit for the purpose of drug stability confirmation.

Okaru AO, Abuga KO, Kamau FN, Ndwigah SN, Lachenmeier DW. "A Robust Liquid Chromatographic Method for Confirmation of Drug Stability of Azithromycin in Bulk Samples, Tablets and Suspensions." Pharmaceutics. 2017;9(1):11.
Karema FM, Irandu EM, Moronge JM. "The role of commercial motorcycles in alleviating poverty in rural areas: a case study of Laikipia East Sub-County." World Review of Intermodal Transport Research. 2017;Volume 6(Issue No. 2):pp 155-175.
Muthami JMN, S.G S, J W. "The role of women in Socio-Economic Development: A Case Study of Women involved in small-scale business in Nairobi County." International Journal of Science Arts and Commerce. 2017;2(9):90-103.2.9.09_0.pdf
Onkoba N, Mumo RM, Ochanda H, Omwandho C, Ozwara HS, Egwang TG. "Safety, immunogenicity, and cross-species protection of a plasmid DNA encoding Plasmodium falciparum SERA5 polypeptide, microbial epitopes and chemokine genes in mice and olive baboons." Journal of biomedical research. 2017. AbstractWebsite

Incorporation of biomolecular epitopes to malarial antigens should be explored in the development of straintranscending
malarial vaccines. The present study sought to determine safety, immunogenicity and cross-species
ef cacy of Plasmodium falciparumserine repeat antigen 5 polypeptide co-expressed with epitopes of BacilleCalmette
Guerin (BCG), tetanus toxoid (TT) and a chemokine gene. Olive baboons and BALB/c mice were randomly
assigned into vaccine and control groups. The vaccine group animals were primed and boosted twice with pIRES
plasmids encoding the SERA5+ BCG+ TT alone, or with either CCL5 or CCL20 and the control group with pIRES
plasmid vector backbone. Mice and baboons were challenged with P. bergheiANKA and P. knowlesiH strain
parasites, respectively. Safety was determined by observing for injection sites reactogenicities, hematology and
clinical chemistry. Parasitaemia and survivorship pro les were used to determine cross-species ef cacy, and T cell
phenotypes, Th1-, Th2-type, T-regulatory immune responses and antibody responses were assessed to determine
vaccine immunogenicity. The pSeBCGTT plasmid DNA vaccines were safe and induced Th1-, Th2-type, and Tregulatory
responses vaccinated animals showed enhanced CD4 + (P< 0.01), CD 8+ T cells (P< 0.001) activation and
IgG anti-SE36 antibodies responses ( P< 0.001) at week 4 and 8 post vaccination compared to the control group.
Vaccinated mice had a 31.45-68.69 % cumulative parasite load reduction and 60 % suppression in baboons ( P< 0.05)
and enhanced survivorship ( P< 0.001) with no clinical signs of malaria compared to the control group. The results
showed that the vaccines were safe, immunogenic and conferred partial cross-species protection.
Keywords: malaria, DNA vaccines, serine repeat antigen, chemokines, cross-species, protection, immunogenicity,
safety

UoN Websites Search