Publications

Found 49809 results

Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year  (Desc)]
1982
Hall PJ, Levin AG, Entwistle CC, Knight SC, Wasunna A, Kung'u A, Brubaker G. "HLA antigens in East African Black patients with Burkitt's lymphoma or nasopharyngeal carcinoma and in controls: a pilot study." Hum. Immunol.. 1982;5(2):91-105. Abstract

A pilot study is reported of HLA-A, B, and C antigens in 141 East African Blacks comprising patients with Burkitt's lymphoma or nasopharyngeal carcinoma, either with active disease or in long-term remission, together with comparable controls. This study forms part of a wider program investigating host factors in these diseases. A protocol was selected for optimal testing of cells processed and cryopreserved between 1972 and 1976, largely under field conditions, which employed a two-color fluorochromasia typing procedure. Antigen distribution and computed haplotype frequencies in the total unrelated population are given. New findings include an approximately equal frequency of Aw23 and Aw24, a high (18%) incidence of Bw21, and the gametic associations of Aw36 with Bw44, and Aw30 with Bw45. Of the major group of B15-related antigens reported earlier. SV is the most common, and there are strong linkages of SV with Cw2 and Bu with Cw3. The possible presence of further variants at the A- and B-loci is reported. The proportion of B-locus antigen "blanks" in this study is 5.9%. Relationships have been sought between the HLA antigens and diseases studied: the antigen A29, possibly in linkage with Bw42, shows a correlation with disease susceptibility, and associations are suggested between Bw44 (in possible combination with Aw36) and resistance to both BL and NPC, and between Bw45 and long-term remission in NPC.

Kokwaro JO, Herlocker DJ. A check-list of Botanical, Samburu and Rendile names of plants of the IPAL (UNESCO) study area, Marsabit District, Kenya,. Nairobi, Kenya: IPAL (UNESCO) Technical Paper No. D-4; 1982.
A. M, C.K. M. "Ferula communis – a potential rodenticide.". In: Current Medical Research in East Africa Proc. 3rd Ann. Sci. conference. Nairobi; 1982.
G.W. K. "Haemophilia and Allied Disorders in Kenya.". In: International Haemophilia congress 1980. Bonn, Germany ; 1982.
Gichaga FJ. "Evaluation of Flexible Road Pavements in Kenya.". In: Conference on Criteria for Planning Highway Investment in Developing Countries. Institution of Civil Engineers.London; 1982.
Gichaga FJ. "Distress Features of Flexible Road Pavements in Kenya.". In: Seminar on Maintenance and Drainage aspects of Road Pavements.Indian Road Congress. Bangalore - India; 1982.
Wandiga SO. "The future of atmospheric chemistry in Africa ." Journal of the Science Policy Foundation. 1982;32(3):339-345. Abstractunesdoc.unesco.org

Carbon dioxide brings global warming God may have promised man He would not destroy the earth by flood, but has man promised himself that he will not destroy the earth? It is now fairly agreed by scientists that the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased over the last century. There is also a general consensus that the current concentration is likely to double sometime during the next century, a doubling caused mainly by the amount of fossil-fuel burning, deforestation, and firewood burning. This increased C02 brings with it a global warming known as the 'greenhouse effect', a phenomenon associated with the absorption of infra-red light by C02 so that the absorbed energy does not escape but is radiated back to warm up the earth. Recent studies indicate that carbon dioxide is causing a warming with the mean global temperature predicted to increase by 1 to 4.5 °C by the end of the next century.1 A predicted global warming of 2.5 °C would have the following consequences. First, a shift in the rainfall patterns, creating a hot, dry climate in most western and eastern African countries. Some of these areas such as the Sahel regions already have reduced rainfall. The drought experienced in these areas may become a permanent feature in the next century. Second, the West Antarctic ice-sheet is likely to melt, the ice-pack of the Arctic Ocean probably disappearing completely in summer, although possibly reappearing in winter. If the West Antarctic ice-sheet were to slide into the sea the sea-level would rise some 5 to 7 metres. Consequently, the inland water-bed levels may also rise. The shape of the African continent would change with the following countries having either part or large sections of their land flooded: Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Egypt, Somalia, Kenya, Mozambique, Gabon, Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Spanish Sahara and Madagascar. Finally, melting polar ice would open up the long-sought North-west Passage, the target of explorers since Verrazano.

F.N K. " “A Critical Review of Communication Theory”, ." Journal of African Management. 1982:2-8.
Kibera FN. " “How Rural Buyers View Different Sources of Agricultural Information”." Management, Journal of Kenya Institute of Management. 1982.
FN. K. " “Rural Buyers’ Exposure to mass media”, ." Management, Journal of Kenya Institute of Management. 1982.
Ojwang PJ, Gitau W, Shah MV. "Adolescent hypophosphataemic rickets.". 1982.Website
C.K. M, S. T. Aromatic Plants of East Africa.. Nairobi: Kenya National Sci & Tech. Council.; 1982.
MOHAMED PROFABDULAZIZ. "By Word of Mouth." Significance of Oral Tradition in the August - September 1982 issue of the UNESCO COURIER. 1982.
Ogutu M. "Candidates.". In: Journal of Vocational Behaviour. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1982. Abstract

Summing multipliers is an important class of operators in the geometric theory of general Banach spaces. They are particularly useful in the study of the structure of the classical spaces. The work done by Grothendieck and Pietsch provides a good basis for the study of this class of operators. The topic of this study is Aspects on (p,q)-summing multipliers. (p,q)-summing multipliers are sequences of bounded linear operators mapping weakly p-summable sequences into strongly q-summable sequences. This study is concerned with using the concepts of absolute and p-summing multipliers to characterize the space of all (p,q)-summing multipliers. In particular we show that the space of all (p, q)-summing multipliers is complete. This is accomplished through a detailed study of the concepts of the summing operators and absolute and p-summing multipliers

Ogutu, M; Rao OAWO; JA;. "Candidates .". 1982.Website
Ogallo LJ, et al. "The Characteristics of wet spells in Tanzania." E.Afr.agric.For.J. 1982;47(4):87-95.
PRESTON CHITERE. "Choice of methods of farmer contact." Agricultural Administration. 1982;11(3).
KAAYA GP, RATCLIFFE NA. "Comparative study of haemocytes and the associated cells of some medically important Dipterans." Journal of Morphology . 1982;173:351-365.
Wandiga SO, Jumba IO. "The concentration of heavy metals: zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, mercury, iron and calcium in head hair of a randomly selected sample of Kenyan people." Kenya Journal of Science and Technology. 1982;3(1):27-41. Abstractinis.iaea.org

An intercomparative analysis of the concentration of heavy metals:zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, mercury, iron and calcium in head hair of a randomly selected sample of Kenyan people using the techniques of atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) and differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPAS) has been undertaken. The percent relative standard deviation for each sample analysed using either of the techniques show good sensitivity and correlation between the techniques. The DPAS was found to be slightly sensitive than the AAs instrument used. The recalculated body burden rations of Cd to Zn, Pb to Fe reveal no unusual health impairement symptoms and suggest a relatively clean environment in Kenya

I.O JUMBA, S.O W. "The concentrations of heavy metals, zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, mercury, iron and calcium concentrations in human head hair of a randomly selected sample of Kenyan people.". In: Kenya J. Sci. Technol (A) 3, 27-41. Association of Africa Universities; 1982. Abstract

SUMMARY
An intercomparative analysis of the concentration of heavy metals: zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, mercury, iron and calcium in head hair of a randomly selected sample of Kenyan people using the techniques of atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) and differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPAS) has been undertaken. The per cent relative standard deviation for each sample analysed using either of the techniques show good sensitivity and correlation between the techniques. The DPAS was found to be slightly more sensitive than the AAS instrument used.
The recalculated body burden ratios of Cd to Zn, Pb to Fe reveal no unusual health impairment symptoms and suggest a relatively clean environment in Kenya.

Mbindyo JM, Nkinyangi JA. The Condition of Disabled Persons in Kenya, Results of National Study”, institute for Development Studies. Nairobi: institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi; 1982.
Karogi JK. Design of district centres with special reference to Kayole .; 1982. Abstract

The main intention of this thesis is to establish design principles and evolve a design for Kayole District Centre within the North Eastern part of Nairobi city region. The design of Kayole District Centre should be seen as an evolution of design principles which can also be applied in designing other district centres now that decentralization of Nairobi City Centre is imminent. The first chapter is a discussion of one of the major design determinants; the context within which Kayole district centre will grow. In this chapter the geographical placement of Kayole District Centre in respect to other surrounding urban centres has been analysed in an attempt to establish the catchment population it will serve at various strategic years. The first chapter also shows the correlation between the catchment population arid the planned infrastructure. In this way it has been established that the planned infrastructure can support both Kayole District Centre and its catchment population for various strategic years. Chapters two and three are case studies of two suburban centres, Westlands and Eastleigh. The intention in these two chapters is a critical study, in an attempt to discern the forces behind the functional zoning movement patterns, structure, and urban form of the two centres. Westlands and Eastleigh have been chosen because they cater for different income Chapter five is the design of Kayole District groups and evolved from different urban cultures. Thus Westlands serves a high income group and is western in outlook. Eastleigh on the other hand serves a low income group and was an Asian settlement at its inception. In their nature the two case studies constitute a spectrum of the urban reality in Nairobi City region. The design determinants discerned in chapters two and three have been embodied in chapter four which is a conclusion of the case studies. In the fourth chapter as in the design, the more sensory determinants have been given greater emphasis. Centre. As far as has been possible, the design incorporates what has been learned in the case studies. The centre is in two sectors. The main sector constitutes a majority of commercial, residential, social and administrative facilities. This sector is complete in itself and is the only sector, that the design goes into detail. The second sector to the East has some major institutions and future extensions of commercial and residential activities of the Centre. The institutions in this sector are so specialized that it is beyond the scope of this thesis to design them to any detail. Only the required amounts of land has been set aside. Although the future commercial and residential activities have pot been designed to any detail, the design principles used in the design of the first sector, to the West should apply.

I.O JUMBA, S.O W. "The determination of mercury in body beauty soaps and creams sold in Kenya and Norway.". In: Kenya J. Sci. Technol (a) 3, 89-91. Association of Africa Universities; 1982. Abstract

flame-less atomic absorption spcctropholometry technique lias been used to determine mercury concentrations in 14 skin-lightening creams and soaps commonly sold in the Kenyan market and 10 in the Norwegian market. The use of borohydride or stannous chloride as the reducing agents for mercuric salts gave different results. When slannous chloride was used as the reducing agent the range of mercury content was 222 to 4920 jjg/kg. When borohydride was used as the reducing agent the range of mercury content was 0.95 to 1121.86 |jg/kg. The difference in results has been attributed to the difference in digestion modes and the ability of the boric acid to encapsulate the mercuric salts. In general the Kenya products had slightly higher mercury content.

Isaac J, O. WS. "The determination of mercury in body beauty soaps and creams sold in Kenya and Norway.". In: Kenya J. Sci. Technol (a) 3, 89-91. Academic Press Elsevier. Int.; 1982. Abstract

flame-less atomic absorption spcctropholometry technique lias been used to determine mercury concentrations in 14 skin-lightening creams and soaps commonly sold in the Kenyan market and 10 in the Norwegian market. The use of borohydride or stannous chloride as the reducing agents for mercuric salts gave different results. When slannous chloride was used as the reducing agent the range of mercury content was 222 to 4920 jjg/kg. When borohydride was used as the reducing agent the range of mercury content was 0.95 to 1121.86 |jg/kg. The difference in results has been attributed to the difference in digestion modes and the ability of the boric acid to encapsulate the mercuric salts. In general the Kenya products had slightly higher mercury content.

H.M. Thairu KNDN & LW. "The distribution of fluoride in Kenya waters.". 1982.
C.K. M, W.M T, Wakori E., Wakori E., Wakori E. "Drug quality control in Kenya –preliminary observations." East Afr Med J.. 1982;59(6):399-403.
Njoroge 2 K. "Earliness and yield in maize: An evaluation of some Katumani maize varieties." East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal. 1982;48(2):pp 40-50.
Magoha GAO. "The effect of rectal examination on serum acid phosphatase levels in benign and malignant prostatic disease." Postgraduate Medical Journal . 1982;(58):763-766. Abstract

Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.

Nyang'aya JA. Efficiency of African charcoal burning stove .; 1982. Abstract

Fuelwood accounts for most of the domestic energy use in the Third World. In East Africa the use of charcoal especially in urban centres has continued though threatened by social factors such as deforestation. The typical East African metal charcoal stove has been studied with emphasis on its efficiency and pollutant emission. The study has brought to better focus the very low performance figures and the dangerously high pollutant emissions by the stove. The study consisted of: i. Continuous flue gas monitoring which was achieved by positioning the stove in a specially constructed enclosure allowing sampling of the flue gases before dillution with the surrounding air. ii. Temperature monitoring of various .. posi tions both on and off the stove to assess the heat energy distribution. Following lighting up concentrations of over 3% CO and 8% CO were recorded each time. These concentrations reduced to about half the above values within 10 minutes though for up to 30 minutes the concentrations were still1\3 times above the.:poisonous ., threshold limit based on normal air. changes -wi thin an occupied room

J.W. M, S T, C.K. M. "Essential Oil from Eucalyptus citriodora." Kenya j. Sci and Tech . 1982;3(A):55-56.
I.O JUMBA, S.O W. "Factors affecting the simultaneous determination of cooper, lead, cadmium and zinc concentrations in human head hair using different pulse anodic stripping voltametry method.". In: Kenya J. Sci. Technol. (A) 3, 9-25. Association of Africa Universities; 1982. Abstract

Conditions of analyses of copper, lead, cadmium and zinc content in human hair using differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) and hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE) have been established. Sample digestion using the mixture HC1; H2O2:HNO3 in the ratio 2:1:40 by volume gave the best wet-ashing procedure. The peak currents and peak potentials of zinc, cadmium and lead, copper were maximum at pH 6-7 and 1-3 respectively, when excess H2O2 was eliminated with subsequent addition of hydroxyamine hydrochloride. Matrix concentration effects were minimized by digesting weights not exceeding 50 mg per sample. The effect of selenium (IV) was negligible and was ignored. The detection limit of 0.0036 ng/cm3 for Cd+2 was obtained while the values for zinc, lead and copper were 0.0230, 0.0287 and 0.0269 ng/cm3 respectively, at the 95% confidence limit. The observed DPASV conditions of analysis of these metals are useful for routine determination of the metals in human hair and should complement the conventional flame atomic absorption spectrophoto-metry methods

KAAYA GP, ALEMU P. "Fecundity and survival of tsetse maintained on immunized rabbits." Insect Science and Its Application . 1982;3:237-241.
Dindi EW. A GRAVITY SURVEY OF THE JOMBO HILL AREA, SOUTH COAST KENYA. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 1982. Abstract

ABSTRACT

The aeromagnetic survey of the Jombo Hill Area conducted in l977 revealed an anomaly of 2000 gammas in amplitude in the area of the intrusive rocks. This value gtands,out as one of the highest values ever recorded in Kenya. In order to investigate the anomaly further, a gravity survey was conducted in the area within 40 km radius_of Jombo hill. After the necessary corrections to the observed data they were compiled into a Bouguer gravity map of the area.

The Bouguer gravity anomalies range from - 40 to over 50 mgals. The peak of the anomaly occurs immediately to the south of the hill and most of the contours close on this peak. It is noticeable that the magnetic and gravity anomalies are roughly coincident. The relative ease and convenience of gravity 3D modelling relative to magnetic 3D modelling, in the context of this study, dictated the placing of a greater emphasis on the former in the quantitative interpretation.
The gravity anomaly is interpreted in terms of an inverted funnel like body of density 3.1 gcm-3, with its top surface at about l km depth. Estimates from the magnetic map yield a similar value for the depth to the top of the body.

Most of the magnetization in these rocks is the induced type and is in the direction of the ambient field. The large grain size has an appreciable effect on the magnetization in these rocks.
It appears from the study, that both the magnetic and gravity anomalies are caused by a single body. The gravity anomaly depicts the effect of the entire body while the magnetic anomaly that due to a relatively small central and shallow portion of it. The exact geometry of this portion was not determined. However a sphere fitted to the anomaly gave satisfactory results.

By comparison with the geology of the area and with the characteristics of other known alkaline complexes in Eastern Africa, the gravity model is considered geologically reasonable.

O PROFBWIBONIMROD. "Hematopathological observations in Kenyan children with sickle cell anemia in the first decade of life. Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol . 1982 Summer; 4 ( 2 ): 182-6 . PMID: 6180653 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Kasili EG, Bwibo NO.". In: Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol . 1982 Summer; 4 ( 2 ): 182-6 . Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 2008; 1982. Abstract

This paper reviews clinicopathological and hematological manifestations of sickle cell anemia as seen in Kenyan children in the first decade of life. The information is based on a study of 447 patients. The findings are similar to those that are well documented from America, West Africa, and other parts of Africa. However, local variations and complications such as malnutrition and topical infections that may affect prognosis are high-lighted.

Bahemuka, M; Brown JD. "Heredofamilial syndrome of spastic paraplegia, dysarthria and cutaneous lesions in ive siblings.". 1982. Abstract

Five children, three sisters and two brothers aged between three months and 12 years, are described. They all developed a facial desquamating rash of butterfly distribution at the age of about two months, and motor retardation which later was characterized by spasticity, predominantly affecting the lower limbs. The three children who were old enough for speech to be tested had dysarthria. There was no family history of neurological disease, nor was there consanguinity among the parents or grandparents. EEGs were diffusely abnormal in four of the five children, but did not show any specific or diagnostic features. Plasma immunoglobulin tests were normal, and tests for collagen disease were negative. The authors are not aware of previous reports of this condition, but believe that it is a variant of familial spastic paraplegia, with atypical features.

Njoroge K, Welch W, Habgood RM. "Heritability and selection for grain nitrogen yield and its components in F2 populations of spring barley." Journal of Plant Breeding. (Z. Pflanzensunchtg). 1982;90:305-315.
"I.O. Kibwage (1982). Isolation and Identification of metabolites, and their degradation products from a strain of Streptomyces erythreus. Master of Pharmaceutical Sciences Thesis, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium.". Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1985 Nov;28(5):630-3; 1982. Abstract

The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.

Wangai J;, Thairu K;, Bharaj BS;, Telang BV. "Identification and isolation of three acetylcholinesterase inactivating fractions in the venom of Dendroaspis angusticeps.". 1982. Abstract

Three fractions were isolated from the venom of Dendroaspis angusticeps by column chromatography on CM-Sephadex C-25. All the three fractions were shown to possess acetylcholinesterase inhibiting activity. The toxicity of the fractions as tested on mice were variable. Although the toxic signs were identical, fraction DaVI was highly lethal (LD50 1.9 microgram/g) whereas fractions DaIV and T39 were less lethal, the LD50 being 3.6 micrograms/g and 4.1 micrograms/g respectively. The three fractions significantly inhibited true acetylcholinesterase to the extent of 91-95%.

Samanta P. "Industrialization through Parastatal - A case study of Zambia’s INDECO.". In: Social Science Conference, University of Malawi.; 1982.
S PROFOLIECHJOSEPH. "Indwelling catheter and catheter induced Infections Assoc. of Surgeons of E.A. proceedings Dec. 1982.". In: Assoc. of Surgeons of E.A. proceedings Dec. 1982. PROF.J.S.OLIECH; 1982. Abstract

NoSUMMARY.

A study of patients at St Peter’s Group of Hospitals,(Central London), University of London,and at Kenyatta National Hospital,University of Nairobi who had indwelling catheters for various reasons was done to compare the rates of catheter-induced infections in relation to the type/make,size fenestration or not and duration of stay in situ.
The closed system in the indwelling of catheters was the most important factor in reducing the infection rate to lessthan 10%. Breaking it increases the infection to 90%.
abstract yet

Nyasani PJ. An Introduction to Traditional Logic. Frankfurt: Peter Lang; 1982.
Gichaga FJ. "Laboratory Study of Deformation Modulus/Time Relationship for Various Subgrade Soils Under Road Pavement Structure." Kenya Journal of Science and Technology. 1982;3(No. 2):63-74.
Odingo- Ambio RS. "Land Evaluation.". 1982.Website
Njoroge, K; Mwendwa EW. Maize in Kenya: development and production.; 1982.
Katz, Sydney S.; Katz SKVH; N. "The Making of an Urban Mganga:.". 1982.
SAMSON PROFMEMEJULIUS. "Mercury poisoning in Kenyan children. A further report on epidemiological aspects.1: East Afr Med J. 1982 Feb;59(2):98-106 Brown JD, Meme JS, Mbithi T.". In: East Afr Med J. 1982 Feb;59(2):98-106. au-ibar; 1982. Abstractmercury_poisoning_in_kenyan_children.pdf

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. Pulmonary oedema is a common sign of East Coast fever (ECF, Theileria parva infection) of cattle. A trial was conducted on farms in Uganda to compare a product containing both the antitheilerial compound parvaquone and the diuretic compound frusemide with one containing only parvaquone, in the treatment of ECF. The trial involved 40 clinical cases of ECF, some of them complicated by other infections, in cattle of all ages and on several farms. Confirmed cases were treated with either parvaquone+frusemide (P+F) or parvaquone alone (P). Survival after treatment with P+F was 77% compared with 71% with P. Five of the 10 fatalities were complicated cases. The cure rate for severe but uncomplicated ECF was 89% with P+F and 40% with P. Pulmonary signs were resolved within 24-48 h after treatment with P+F and clinical recovery was noticeably more rapid than with P. The antiparasitic effect of the two treatments was similar. P+F could be particularly useful when reporting, diagnosis or laboratory confirmation of ECF is delayed, because advanced cases are more likely to be encountered under these circumstances.

Ochanda N, Epp H. "Monitoring recent changes in extent of selected natural in Kenya using remote sensing techniques." . Monitoring recent changes in extent of selected natural in Kenya using remote sensing techniques. 1982;Vol. 24 – VIII – I pp 487 – 493.
K'Oyugi BO. Mortality and Morbidity Situation in Siaya District. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 1982.
Keya SO;, Balasundaram VR;, Ssali H;, Mugane C. "Multilocational field responses of Phaseolus vulgaris to inoculation in eastern Africa."; 1982.
Monyonko NM, Reid JH. Neutrino charge in the non-linear Rzeta gauge.; 1982.
Patel, Nilesh; Poo M-ming. "Orientation of neurite growth by extracellular electric fields." J. Neuroscience. 1982;2:483-496.
Bahemuka JM. "Our Religious Heritage.". 1982.Website
MOHAMED PROFABDULAZIZ. "Patterns of Language Acquisition and Use: Rural-Urban Differences." International Journal of the Sociology of Language. 1982;(34):95-120.
Obel AO. "Pharmacokinetics in medicine.". 1982.
Lees P;, Maitho TE;, Millar JD;, Taylor JB. "Pharmacokinetics of phenylbutazone in Welsh Mountain ponies."; 1982.
S.O K, N. K M, M. A A. "Population dynamics of soil microorganisms in relation to proximity of termite mounds in Kenya.". 1982. Abstract

Microbial populations estimated in termite-affected soils show that bacteria and actinomycetes are most abundant during the wet season. The highest density of bacteria recorded was 106 and, of actinomycetes, 105g dry soil. In contrast, fungi, which dominate only during dry periods, numbered 104 and declined to 102 cells/g dry soil during the wet period. Fungi, actinomycetes, bacteria and Protozoa were higher in 'dead' than in 'live' mounds. Counts of denitrifiers, ammonifiers, cellulose decomposers, nitrifiers and Protozoa were in the order of 103/g dry soil. The evolution of CO, was also related to microbial activities. This is the first time such information has been recorded for Kenyan soils. The study provides evidence that 'live' termite mounds differ from 'dead' ones in respect of the microorganisms associated with them.

Keya SO;, Scali H;, Balasundaram YR. "Potentials and constriants for inoculation of grain legumes in Kenya."; 1982.
Karanja JG, Sekadde-Kigondu CB, Mati JKG, Lequin RM. "Pulsitile release and diurnal rhythm of gonadotropins and prolactin in young healthy Kenyan men.". 1982.
Ogallo LJ. "Quasi-periodic patterns in East African rainfall records." Kenya Journal of Science and technology. 1982;A(3):43-54.
Kamau JM, Maloiy GMO. "The relationship between rate of oxygen consumption, heart rate and thermal conductance of the dik-dik antelope (Rhynchotragus kirkii) at various ambient temperatures.". 1982. Abstract

The extent of cardiovascular adjustments to heat and cold were investigated between ambient temperatures of 5 and 45 degrees C by measuring conductance and the rates of oxygen consumption and heart beats. 2. Minimum heart rate was observed at 25 degrees C (114 +/- 9 beats/min). In the heat at 45 degrees C heart rate was observed to increase only slightly (127 +/- 12 beats/min) but in the cold -5 degrees C heart rate nearly doubled that at 25 degrees C. 3. Thermal conductance was on average 0.031 mlO2 (g. hr. degrees C)-1 below 25 degrees C but increased by more than 20 times at 40 degrees C. 4. A positive correlation between heart rate and rate of oxygen consumption was demonstrated below 25 degrees C and the relation may be of practical use.

Langman VA, Bamford OS, Maloiy GMO. "Respiration and metabolism in the giraffe.". 1982. Abstract

Measurements have been made on respiration of three resting unstressed adult giraffe under normal conditions. Tracheal dimensions and body dimensions have also been measured in a large number of giraffe and other mammals. The results indicate that contrary to statements in the literature the giraffe does not have an abnormally large dead space, though the trachea is abnormally long and narrow. The respiratory measurements indicate that the giraffe breathes as predicted by published scaling equations, and at rest shows no abnormalities of rate or depth. The respiratory evaporative water loss is very small. Body temperature is labile with a range of at least 3.3 degrees C, and oxygen consumption, respiratory frequency, minute volume and respiratory evaporative water loss are all strongly correlated with body temperature.

M.OGUTU. "Self-image and Retail Store Patronage .". In: Journal of Vocational Behaviour. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1982. Abstract

Summing multipliers is an important class of operators in the geometric theory of general Banach spaces. They are particularly useful in the study of the structure of the classical spaces. The work done by Grothendieck and Pietsch provides a good basis for the study of this class of operators. The topic of this study is Aspects on (p,q)-summing multipliers. (p,q)-summing multipliers are sequences of bounded linear operators mapping weakly p-summable sequences into strongly q-summable sequences. This study is concerned with using the concepts of absolute and p-summing multipliers to characterize the space of all (p,q)-summing multipliers. In particular we show that the space of all (p, q)-summing multipliers is complete. This is accomplished through a detailed study of the concepts of the summing operators and absolute and p-summing multipliers

Gachene CKK, Michieka DO, Rachilo JR. "Soils of Busia area.". 1982.
Lesan WR. Some Aspects Of Solubility Of Silicate And Glass Ionomer Cements A Laboratory Study.; 1982. Abstract

Three aspects of the in-vitro solubility of silicate and glassionomer
dental cements were studied.
a) The solubility of silicate cements was studied using the "weight
of evapourated eluate method. It was shown that the dissolution
of these cements depends on the volume of solution in which they
are immersed and also the frequency in which this was changed.
It was seen that these cement~ were capable of taking up fluoride
ions from concentrated solutions while releasing the same ions
in more dilute solutions. Studies with samples of varying surface
area:volume ratios confirm that dissolution is not only dependent
on the surface area but that matter is also lost from the bulk
of the specimen.
b) The release of organic materials from glass ionomer cements
immersed in water or phosphate solution was studied using a total
organic content (T.O.C) analyser. It was seen that upto 0.l0mg
of organics could be detected in such solutions. The concentration
of detected organic species rises with increasing time, then
falls off again. This is explained in terms of re-adsorption
of the organic species by the cement.
c) Thermogravimetric analysis studies glass ionomer cement samples
"
with various histories were made. Weight loss (presumably of
water) was shown to be related to the history of the samples
as well as to the thermogravimetric conditions. The thermogravimetric
conditions used in this study were air and Nitrogen
atmospheres. The results are used to assess the merits of the

sample-weight loss" method for investigating solubility.
This method, in view of the simultaneous water loss or uptake
by the sample, is not recommended.

Kinyua GK;, Mukunya DM;, Van Breukelen EM. "Studies on genetic resistance of beans to Pseudomonas phaseolicola in Kenya."; 1982.
Mbindyo JM, S.E. MA–, Mkangi, G.E. "Study of Tourism in Kenya with Emphasis on the Attitudes of Residents of the Kenya Coast." Institute for Development Studies. 1982;(7).
Mitaru BN, Blair R, Bell JM, Reichert RD. "Tannin and fiber contents of rapeseed and canola hulls.". 1982. Abstract

Hulls from rapeseed and canola seed were analyzed for tannins, and the ability of these tannins to inhibit a-amylase in vitro was determined. Extractable tannin content ranged from 0.02 to O.22Vc. The a-amylase inhibition test showed zero values for rapeseed and canola hulls indicating the absence of tannins capable of inhibiting this enzyme.

Anthon S, Lund JF, Helles F. "Targeting the poor: taxation of marketed forest products in developing countries.". 1982. Abstract

In this article, we investigate whether taxation of households’ production of marketed forest products in developing countries is likely to assist in achieving the general development objectives of resources conservation and poverty alleviation. Based on an empirical study on such taxation in a village in Tanzania, we develop and solve a theoretical analytical model to analyse taxation, when households’ access to alternative income generating opportunities is heterogeneous. Findings are that taxation adversely affects income equality and has an ambiguous effect on the level of resource utilisation.

OYOO PROFWANDIGASHEM. "Termites: A Potentially Large Source of Atmospheric Methane, Carbon Dioxide and Molecular Hydrogen.". In: Science, 218, 563, (1982). Academic Press Elsevier. Int.; 1982. Abstract

n/a

OLIECH JS. "Training of a urological surgeon.". 1982.
"Trypanosoma brucei: a quick method for separating blood-stream trypomastigotes from infected blood by differential osmotic lysis.". 1982. Abstract

The degree of rat erythrocyte lysis and immobilization of Trypanosoma brucei in infected blood by buffered hypotonic solutions of sodium chloride and sources was studied. 2. At 0.3% sodium chloride solution 98% hemolysis of erythrocytes was achieved while 95% of the original bloodstream trypomastigotes survived and were found to be motile and viable for biochemical study. 3. Further increase in the concentration of sodium chloride above 0.3% revealed an increase in the immobilization of trypanosomes and a decrease in the erythrocyte hemolysis. 4. Bloodstream trypomastigotes have been prepared by differential osmotic lysis of infected blood in 0.3% sodium chloride solution and used for studying their metabolism.

Kanyari PWN;, Munyua W k;, Wilson AJ;, Allonby EW;, Allonby EW. "trypanotolerance And Economics Among East African Goats Compared To Their Crosses With Two Exotic Breeds".".; 1982.
Kanyari PWN;, Munyua W k;, Wilson AJ;, Allonby EW;, Allonby EW. "trypanotolerance And Economics Among East African Goats Compared To Their Crosses With Two Exotic Breeds".".; 1982.
C.K. M. "Utilization of Drugs in Kenya in the 1980s." Kenya J. Pharm. P21-22. 1982;1(1):21-22.
Onyango OW. "Webuye hydro - project .". 1982.Website
Kimani M.  Effect of Infant and Child Mortality on Fertility in Kenya. Mosley H, Oyuke C, eds. Nairobi: Nairobi; 1982.
A. MRMUNGAGILBERT. "(1982).Rational Design of Internally Sealed Concrete. MSc. Thesis , University of Strathclyde (UK).". In: Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. Survey Review; 1982. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. ".P. Duggal and J. M. Khalagai, Operator Equation AB+BA*=A*B+BA=I, India J.". In: Pure Applied Maths. Vol.13 (11) , 526-531. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM), 2012, to appear; 1982. Abstract
J. M. Khalagai,
NDONG'A PROFOMONDILUCIA. "1982. January 4-6, The International Symposium on Language and History of Nilotic Peoples., Institut fur Afrikanistik Der Universitat Zu Koln.". In: Faculty of Education, Kenyatta University. Gitau, W., Ogallo L. A. and Mutemi, J. N.,; 1982.
AKELLO PROFOGUTUAC. "Ackello-Ogutu, C. (1982). "A Test of the Nutrient Non-Substitution Hypothesis in Crop Response and Fertilizer Carry-over Analysis". University of California, Davis. Ph.D. Dissertation that received the award for being one of the top ten dissertations prod.". In: Ph.D. Dissertation that received the award for being one of the top ten dissertations produced in Canada and USA for the year 1982. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 1982.
O PROFAGUMBAHGILBERTJ. "Agumbah, G.J.O. (1982. Companion of CIE and VMAT methods for the immunodiagnosis of C. fetus infection in cattle.". In: Wld. Congr. Dis. Cattle. Amsterdam, 7 - 10th Sept. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1982. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "ALEXANDER, R. McN., MALOIY, G.M.O., KER, R.F., JAYES, A.S. and WARUI, C.N.(1982) The role of tendon elasticity in the locomotion of the camel (Camelus dromedarius). Journal of Zoology London 196, 293-313.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
ODERA PROFALILAPATRICK. "and G. Ruigu, Evaluation of The Kenya Freedom from Hunger Council for National Development Projects Programme, 1975-1982, Report to FAO/KFFHC, October 1982.". In: The Development of the National Economy Colourprint Ltd. Nairobi, 1993. International Union of Crystallography; 1982. Abstract
Presented here is a 16-year-old girl who was referred on 30th January 1996 with diagnosis of cord compression with spastic paraplegia with sensory level at T7/T8. CT scan myelogam confirmed soft tissue density mass displacing cord to the left with no dye being seen beyond T3. Thoracic spine decompressive laminectomy was performed on 1st January 1996 at Nairobi West Hospital extending from T3 to T6 level, which revealed a fibrous haemorrhagic tumour. Histology showed meningioma (mixed fibrous type and meningoepitheliomatous type) with many psammoma bodies. She had a stormy post-operative period, with infection and wound dehiscence. This was treated with appropriate antibiotics and wound care. She was eventually rehabilitated and was able to walk with the aid of a walking frame because of persistent spasticity of right leg. She was seen once as an outpatient by author on 6th July 1996, she was able to use the walking frame, but the right leg was still held in flexion deformity at the knee. She was thus referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for possible tenotomy. She was able to resume her studies at the University ambulating using a wheel chair and walking frame. She presented with worsening of symptoms in 2001 (five years after her first surgery). MRI scan thoracic spine revealed a left anterolateral intradural lesion extending from T3 to T5 vertebral body level compressing and displacing the spinal cord. She had a repeat surgery on 6th March 2001 at Kenyatta National Hospital; spastic paraparesis and urinary incontinenece persisted. She also developed bed sores and recurrent urinary tract infections. She was followed up by the author and other medical personnel in Mwea Mission Hospital where she eventually succumbed in 2005, nine years after her first surgery. This case is presented as a case of incompletely excised spinal meningioma to highlight some of the problems of managing spinal meningiomas when operating microscope and embolisation of tumours are not readily available. Also the family experienced financial constraint in bringing the patient for regular follow-up, and getting access to appropriate antibiotics, catheters and urine bags.
DANIEL DRNJAI, SAMSON PROFMEMEJULIUS. "Antral mucosal diaphragm: an obstructing lesion of the stomach. East Afr Med J. 1982 Feb;59(2):161-4. Meme JS, Njai DM, Kyambi JM, Kung'u A.". In: East Afr Med J. 1982 Feb;59(2):161-4. Links. au-ibar; 1982. Abstract
No abstract available.
N. PROFKARANJANANCYK. "Arshad, M.A., Mureria, N.K., Keya, S.O. 1982. Effect of termite activity on soil microflora. Pedobiologia 24, 161-167.". In: Poster presented at the 8th Congress of the African Association for Biological Nitrogen Fixation (AABNF), 23-27 November, 1998.; 1982. Abstract
n/a
N. PROFKARANJANANCYK. "Arshad, M.A., Mureria, N.K., Keya, S.O. 1982. Effect of termite activity on soil microflora. Pedobiologia 24, 161-167.". In: Poster presented at the 8th Congress of the African Association for Biological Nitrogen Fixation (AABNF), 23-27 November, 1998.; 1982. Abstract
n/a
SAMSON PROFMEMEJULIUS. "Brown J.D., Meme JS, Mbithi T. Epidemological Aspect of Mercury Poisoning in Kenya E. Afr. Med. J. 59: 98, 1982.". In: E. Afr. Med. J. 59: 98, 1982. au-ibar; 1982. Abstract
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. Pulmonary oedema is a common sign of East Coast fever (ECF, Theileria parva infection) of cattle. A trial was conducted on farms in Uganda to compare a product containing both the antitheilerial compound parvaquone and the diuretic compound frusemide with one containing only parvaquone, in the treatment of ECF. The trial involved 40 clinical cases of ECF, some of them complicated by other infections, in cattle of all ages and on several farms. Confirmed cases were treated with either parvaquone+frusemide (P+F) or parvaquone alone (P). Survival after treatment with P+F was 77% compared with 71% with P. Five of the 10 fatalities were complicated cases. The cure rate for severe but uncomplicated ECF was 89% with P+F and 40% with P. Pulmonary signs were resolved within 24-48 h after treatment with P+F and clinical recovery was noticeably more rapid than with P. The antiparasitic effect of the two treatments was similar. P+F could be particularly useful when reporting, diagnosis or laboratory confirmation of ECF is delayed, because advanced cases are more likely to be encountered under these circumstances.
J PROFBUOROIB. "Buoro, I.B.J. and Atwell R.b. (1982). Urinalysis in Canine dirofiliaris with emphasis on proteinuria. Veterinary record 111: 252-252.". In: Proceedings of the 1st Annual Scientific Conference of the Faculty of Vet Medicine. Taylor & Francis; 1982. Abstract
An in vitro study of the antinematodal action of two groups of compounds which act on the receptor complex of the inhibitory neurotransmitter, Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in mammalian systems is described. The compounds, Ivermectin and two benzodiazepines, Diazepam and a water soluble Midazolam were tested singly or in combination against two microfilarial parasites Onchocerca lienalis (closely related to Onchocerca volvulus) and Brugia pahangi. The combination of ivermectin and diazepam at a concentration of 0.1 microgram/ml and 33 micrograms/ml respectively achieved the same effect on microfilarial motility as when ivermectin was given at 1 microgram/ml alone or diazepam at 66 micrograms/ml alone. Similarly when the combination of ivermectin at 0.1 microgram/ml and midazolam at 10 micrograms/ml was used it achieved the same effect as ivermectin at 1 microgram/ml alone or midazolam at 33 micrograms/ml alone. This showed that both benzodiazepines had a synergistic effect on the activity of ivermectin. The microfilariae of B. pahangi were insensitive to both groups of compounds at all concentrations used.
OUMA PROFPAMBAHANNINGTON. "Bwibo N.O. and Pamba H.O.:Double Blind Comparative Study of Albendazole and Placebo in the Treatment of Intestinal Helminths.Roy. Soc. Med. 57: 49, 1982.". In: Roy. Soc. Med. 57: 49, 1982. Opuscula Mathematica,; 1982. Abstract
This paper investigates the possibilities of applying emerging management theories and techniques to constitutionally created offices in Kenya and East African region. The benefits from application of these theories, particularly in the judicial services are highlighted.
OUMA PROFPAMBAHANNINGTON. "Bwibo N.O., Pamba H.O., Musa A.R.M., Homeida M., Saif M., Oyediran A.B.O.O., Favid Z., Ayed N. and Okelo G.B.A.:Summary of Clinical Trials in the Middle East and Africa.Roy. Soc. Med. 57: 31, 1982.". In: Roy. Soc. Med. 57: 31, 1982. Opuscula Mathematica,; 1982. Abstract
This paper investigates the possibilities of applying emerging management theories and techniques to constitutionally created offices in Kenya and East African region. The benefits from application of these theories, particularly in the judicial services are highlighted.
S PROFOLIECHJOSEPH. "Carcinoma of prostrate management Assoc. Of Surgeons of E.A. proceedings.". In: Assoc. of Surgeons of E.A. proceedings Dec. 1982. PROF.J.S.OLIECH; 1982. Abstract
No abstract yet
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "CLEMENS, E.T. and MALOIY, G.M.O.(1982) The digestive physiology of three East African herbivores: the elephant, rhinoceros and hippopotamus. Journal of Zoology London 198, 141-145.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
O PROFBWIBONIMROD. "Clinical aspects of sickle cell disease in Nairobi children. Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol . 1982 Summer; 4 ( 2 ): 187-90 . PMID: 6956242 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Bwibo NO, Kasili EG.". In: Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol . 1982 Summer; 4 ( 2 ): 187-90 . Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 2008; 1982. Abstract

Children with sickle cell disease in Nairobi come from tribes living in malarial regions of Kenya. The clinical presentation and complications of this disease are described. The symptoms at onset are nonspecific but the typical features that follow are easy to recognize. Cardiac murmurs and persistently enlarged spleen in older children pose diagnostic challenges. Poor appetite and failure to thrive are common; so are school absenteeism due to crises and infection. The use of white blood cell counts to determine the presence of infection during crises is described.

PMID: 6956242 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

IKIARA MRGERRISHONK. "A Comprehensive Incomes Policy for Kenya: An Aid for Planning Under Conditions of Resoruce Scarcity.". In: A paper presented at the Kenya Economic Association Conference. Asian Economic and Social Society; 1982. Abstract
JASPA Working Paper, ILO, Addis Ababa
OGEDA MRODUMBEJACKONIAH. "Daudi Nturibi: ed. Facilitating Adult Learning: A guide for Part Time Adult Educators. Institute of Adult Studies, University of Nairobi 1982. (Co-author).". In: Institute of Adult Studies, University of Nairobi 1982. (Co-author). Thought and Practice; 1982. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
M PROFBHATTSHRIKANTBABU, M PROFBHATTKIRNA. "De Cock, K., Bhatt, K. M., Bhatt, S. M., Rees, P. H.: Management of Liver abscess Lancet 1982; vol. 2: 747.". In: Management of Liver abscess Lancet 1982; vol. 2: 747. Vaccine 26:2788- 2795; 1982. Abstract

We describe the technique of splenic aspiration in 113 patients presenting with splenomegaly. It was used initially to establish a diagnosis, and in those patients with kala azar, to follow the response of the parasites to therapy until 'parasitological cure'. In all 671 aspirations were performed. No complications occurred in the 69 patients with active kala azar, who collectively had more than 600 aspirations. One patient in a moribund condition had a fatal haemorrhage. The aspirate suggested a lymphoma, confirmed at autopsy. In 68 of the 69 patients with active kala azar, the diagnosis was established at the first aspiration. The essentials of the technique are the use of a small calibre needle (21 G), and speed, the needle being in the spleen for less than a second, with the consequent procurement of a few drops of material only.

M PROFBHATTSHRIKANTBABU, M PROFBHATTKIRNA. "De Cock, K., Bhatt, K. M., Bhatt, S. M., Rees, P. H.: Management of Liver abscess Lancet 1982; vol. 2: 747.". In: Management of Liver abscess Lancet 1982; vol. 2: 747. Taylor & Francis; 1982. Abstract
A prospective randomized trial of three dosage regimens of sodium stibogluconate (Pentostam; Wellcome Foundation, London) to treat visceral leishmaniasis was conducted. Previously untreated patients were randomized to receive 31 doses of sodium stibogluconate (10 mg Sb/kg of body weight per dose) administered once daily for 31 days (group A), every 12 hr for 15 days (group B), or every 8 hr for 10 days (group C). Of the 29 patients who completed treatment, seven of 10 in group B and all of the patients in groups A and C responded to treatment and remained well for one year. One patient in group B failed to respond to treatment, and two others in group B initially responded to treatment but relapsed six weeks after discharge. None of the treatment regimens was toxic. Parasites disappeared from splenic aspirates most quickly and hemoglobin levels rose most rapidly in patients receiving sodium stibogluconate every 8 hr. Treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in Kenya with sodium stibogluconate at a dose of 10 mg Sb/kg every 8 hr for 10 days appears to be a safe alternative to conventional treatment. Its efficacy should be confirmed in a larger number of patients.
W PROFNJENGALYDIAH. "Determination of Fluoride in Water and Tea Using Ion Selective Electrode and Calorimetric Methods'.". In: M.Sc. Thesis, University of Nairobi. UoN; 1982. Abstract
n/a
N PROFGUANTAIA. "DISTRIBUTION OF CATHINONE AND D-NORPSEUDOEPHEDRINE IN CATHA EDULIS.". In: EAST AFRICAN MEDICAL JOURNA. A.N. GUANTAI and C.K. MAITA; 1982. Abstract
he distribution of cathinone and d-norpseudoephedrine in Catha edit/is plants from 2 different geographical localities has been investigated. There was no difference in the chemical constituents of Catha material from 2 locali-ties. D-norpseudoephedrine was present in all parts of the plant examined except the root but cathinone was only detected in the young shoots and bran-chlets. It is concluded that the psychostinaulant effect following chewing of young Catha shoots is due to both cathinone and d-norpseudoephedrine with the cathinone being more important since it is 7-10 times more potent than d-norpseudoephedrine.
N PROFKARIUKIDAVID, W PROFNJENGALYDIAH. "The distribution of fluoride in Kenya waters.". In: Proceedings of the Environmental Chemistry Sub-region Workshop, National University of Lesotho, Roma, 32-6 (1982). UoN; 1982. Abstract
n/a
RAI MRVYASYASHWANT. ""Doctors and Standard of Medical Care", New Straits Times, Kuala Lumpur (November 16.". In: Nairobi Law Monthly 29, 31.; 1982. Abstract
n/a
DR. AKUNDA ELIJAHM. "E. M. W. Akunda, S. K. Imbamba and D. Kumar. Responses of coffee Arabia to pruning in Kenya.". In: Journal of science and technology (B) (1982) 3: 83 . Kisipan, M.L.; 1982. Abstract
n/a
MWIGA PROFMWABUGERMANO. "The Economics of Primary Health Care.". In: Proceedings Sixth College on Thin Film Technology, July 24th . University of Nairobi; 1982. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
O PROFBWIBONIMROD. "The effect of chronic childhood malnutrition on pubertal growth and development. Am J Clin Nutr . 1982 Sep; 36 ( 3 ): 527-36 . PMID: 7113957 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Kulin HE, Bwibo N, Mutie D, Santner SJ.". In: Am J Clin Nutr . 1982 Sep; 36 ( 3 ): 527-36. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 2008; 1982. Abstract

Pubertal growth and development were compared in 342 privileged, urban children and 347 impoverished rural adolescents from Kenya. Measurements of height, weight, upper arm circumference, and triceps skinfolds revealed marked differences between the two study groups just before the onset of sexual maturation. These differences were also found in the early stages of puberty but notable catch-up was evident throughout the later period of the maturational process. Early stages of sexual maturity were delayed by 3 yr in malnourished boys with a 2.1-yr lag in the age of onset of menarche in rural girls. Derived estimates of body fat as well as direct anthropometry revealed that the onset of puberty is not size related under the circumstances of chronic childhood malnutrition.

PMID: 7113957 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

IKIARA MRGERRISHONK. "The Effects of Increased Energy Costs on Balance of Payments and Real Incomes in Kenya.". In: ILO Proejct paper. Asian Economic and Social Society; 1982. Abstract
JASPA Working Paper, ILO, Addis Ababa
P. PROFMUREITHILEOPOLD. "Employment, Technology and Industrialization in Kenya: A Study in Development Strategy. Dissertation Abstracts International Seriess A Vol. 35, No. 1.". In: Gabbay R. &Siddique A., ed., Good Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: The Indian Ocean Region (New Delhi: Vedams Books). ISCTRC; 1982. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
PROF. KHAMALA CANUTEPM. "Establishment of Pine Woolly Aphid Pineus pini (L) (Homoptera: Adelgidae) on some host trees.". In: Kenya J. Sci. Tech.3:61-68. Opuscula Mathematica,; 1982. Abstract
n/a
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Evaluating the Process and Products of a Programme".". In: Presented at the UNICEF second Sub-Regional workshop: Nazareth, Ethiopia, November 1982. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1982. Abstract
   
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Evaluating the Process and Products of a Programme".". In: Presented at the UNICEF second Sub-Regional workshop: Nazareth, Ethiopia, November 1982. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1982. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Evaluation Models".". In: Presented at the Institute of Adult Studies, University of Nairobi seminar, 1982. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1982. Abstract
   
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Evaluation Models".". In: Presented at the Institute of Adult Studies, University of Nairobi seminar, 1982. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1982. Abstract

 

 

SAMUEL PROFKIBICHO. ""Evolution and the christian teaching on creation," Salam Journal for Religious Education.". In: Proceedings of 3rd Int. Conf. On bearing capacity of roads and airfields PP 743-756, Trondeihm, Norway. Longhorn; 1982. Abstract
 Journal of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Vol.7 PP
K DRNDERUFM. "Exposure of calves to taeniid eggs of wild carnivore origin. Bull. Animal Prod. In Africa 30(1) 1982.". In: M.Sc. Thesis University of Nairobi. East African Journal of Development Studies; 1982. Abstract
A double antibody enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for identification of thermostable muscle antigens of autoclaved meat samples is described. The assay differentiates heterologous thermostable muscle antigens from homologous at P 0.001. In model meat mixtures, the assay detects adulterants at the level of 1% at p0.001 even in phylogenetically related species such as buffalo and cattle.
ISAAC PROFJUMBA, OYOO PROFWANDIGASHEM. "Factors affecting the simultaneous determination of cooper, lead, cadmium and zinc concentrations in human head hair using different pulse anodic stripping voltametry method.". In: Kenya J. Sci. Technol. (A) 3, 9-25. Academic Press Elsevier. Int.; 1982. Abstract
n/a
NJUGUNA PROFNGETHE. "Final Evaluation of Foot and Mouth Disease in Kenya. On behalf of Ministry of Livestock Development, Nairobi, 1982. IDS Consultancy Report No. 9 1982.". In: In Search of NGOS In Eastern and Southern Africa. IDS Occasional Paper No. 58:.; 1982. Abstract
n/a
MUCHAI PROFKAGIKOM, MWANGI PROFGATHUMAJ. "Gathuma, J.M., Nyaga, P.N., Omuse, J.K., Nderu, F. M. K. and Kaminjolo, J.S. (1982). Exposure of calves to taeniid eggs of wild carnivore origin. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 30 (1), 55 .". In: journal. FARA; 1982. Abstract
Experimentally, two hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) antigens (antigens 4 and 5) were found to be the most immunogenic antigens in HCF.  The two antigens were precipitated together from HCF.  This was done by adding 2M phosphotungstic acid and 2M magnesium chloride pollutions to clarified HCF whilte continuously stirring the mixture.  The precipitate formed was suspend in physiological saline (PS).  This antigens solutions was used to coat microtitre plates fro indirect ELISA.  Indirect ELISA was performed on 180 randomly selected bovine sera. The sensitivity of the test was found to be 98% while the specificity was 70%.  The predictive value was 89%.  Although the specificity of the test was relatively low, the test using these partially purified antigens was found to be useful because of its high sensitivity.
MUCHAI PROFKAGIKOM, MWANGI PROFGATHUMAJ. "Gathuma, J.M., Nyaga, P.N., Omuse, J.K., Nderu, F. M. K. and Kaminjolo, J.S. (1982). Exposure of calves to taeniid eggs of wild carnivore origin. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 30 (1), 55 .". In: journal. au-ibar; 1982. Abstract
Antisera to thermostable muscle antigens from 13 wild animals: Buffalo, Waterbuck, Bushbuck, Eland, Oryx, Kongoni, Bushpig, Warthog, Topi, Thomson’s gazelle, Grant’s gazelle, Sheep, Pig, Horse, Camel & Dog, were raised in rabbits and/or goats. Absorptions of the antisera with copolymerized pooled serum from the 20 species and the thermostable muscle antigens rendered most of the antisera mmonospecific. It was possible to identify the species of origin of saline extracts of both cooked and fresh meat samples in immunodiffusion tests. The method is promising for use in identification of the species origin of fresh and cooked animal meats.
O PROFBARONGOJUSTUS. "Geoelectric structure below Eburru geothermal field, Rift Valley, Kenya,.". In: Proceedings of the regional seminar on geothermal energy in Eastern and southern Africa, 15-21 June, 1982, Nairobi, Kenya. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 1982. Abstract
Barongo, J.O.,1982. Proceedings of the regional seminar on geothermal energy in Eastern and southern Africa, 15-21 June, 1982, Nairobi, Kenya.
O PROFNYAMBOKISAAC. "Geological excursion guide to the Kenya Rift Valley (Nairobi-Kijabe- Naivasha-Gilgil).". In: 6th Conference of African Geology, Nairobi. 15p. Wiley Interscience; 1982. Abstract
Nyambok, I.O.
K PROFMAITAICHARLES, N PROFGUANTAIA. "Guantai AN, Maitai CK.Relative distribution of cathinone and D-norpseudoephedrine in Catha edulis (Miraa) growing in Kenya.East Afr Med J. 1982 Jun;59(6):394-8.". In: East Afr Med J. 1982 Jun;59(6):394-8. A. N. GUANTAI, J. W. MWANG1, G1CHURU MURIUKI and K. A. M. KURIA; 1982. Abstract
Cathinone, a potent psychostimulant isolated from young shoots of Catha edulis was given to four human volunteers. Examination of urine collected from the volunteers at predetermined intervals showed the presence of unchanged cathinone, d-norpseudoephedrine, and two unidentified basic substances. The observed biotransformation of cathinone to the less potent psychostimulant, d-norpseudoephedrine involves reduction of a ketone group to alcohol, a common metabolic pathway in humans.
JAMEELA PROFHASSANALI. "Hassanali J, Odhiambo JW. Estimation of calendar age from eruption times of permanent teeth in Kenyan Africans and Asians. Ann Hum Biol. 1982 Mar-Apr;9(2):175-7.". In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology : 59: 317-319. Dar-es-salaam University Press (DUP) in 1996.; 1982. Abstract
Eruption data for permanent teeth, obtained from a previous cross-sectional study of 2847 African and Asian school children aged 4-14 years in Nairobi, Kenya, were used to calculate the median age and the 10th-90th percentile range of age, for a given number of teeth present. For a limited period (5-13 years) up to the time of eruption of second molars, the total number of permanent teeth erupted can be used to estimate the age of a child, with an error which increases with the number of teeth present. The range of this error is about 18-30% of the median age for African males, 21-29% for African females, 15-33% for Asian males and 18-33% for Asian females, with a 1 in 5 chance that the error may exceed these limits.
JAMEELA PROFHASSANALI. "Hassanali J.Incidence of cusp of Carabelli in Kenyan Africans and Asians. American Journal of Physical Anthropology : 59: 317-319(1982).". In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology : 59: 317-319. Dar-es-salaam University Press (DUP) in 1996.; 1982. Abstract

Examination for incidence of Carabelli's trait was done on 1267 Africans and 781 Asian school children, 298 dental plaster casts and 248 skulls of Africans. The African sample is composed of 80% Bantu, 20% Nilote, and Nilo-Hamitic people. When observed intraorally, the trait is present in 31-35% of Africans and 26-27% of Asians. In the dental casts and skull sample of Africans, the trait is present as pit in 23-28%, groove in 20%, and as tubercle and cusp in 22%. The total trait frequency in Africans is 68%.

MWIGA PROFMWABUGERMANO. "Health Care Decision.". In: Proceedings Sixth College on Thin Film Technology, July 24th . University of Nairobi; 1982. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Heda, P.M., Jeshirani, M.K., Mbindyo, B.S.Tension-Band wiring of the olecranon fractures Proc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 83-86 vol 5, 1982.". In: Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 83-86 vol 5, 1982. University of Nairobi.; 1982. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
G PROFKARANJAJOSEPH. "Hormonal patterns during the menstrual cycles in healthy black Kenyan women.J Obstet Gynaecol East Cent Africa. 1982 Dec;1(4):140-4. Links.". In: J Obstet Gynaecol East Cent Africa. 1982 Dec;1(4):140-4. Links. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 1982. Abstract
PIP: 17 regularly mentruating young black Kenyan women were studied during a mentrual cylcle for their reproductive hormonal patterns. The serum concentrations of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Prolactin (PRL) were determined by World Health Organization Matched Reagent Programme Radioimmunoassay (WHO-MR-RIA). A biphasic basal body temperature (BBT) record was also noted. The hormonal patterns showed a mid-cycle LH surge and rise in plasma progesterone beginning with the LH peak and lasting a maximum of 6-8 days after the LH peak. Cycle lengths ranged from 25-32 days with a mean of 28 plus or minus 2 days. The follicular phase ranged from 10-17 days, and the luteal phase lasted from 13-15 days. When the mean LH and FSH concentrations and the mean BBT curve were synchronized on the day of the mid-cycle LH peak, the temperature elevation occured about 48 days after the LH peak. Along with the LH, the FSH showed a mid-cycle peak. The results of this study are consistent with those already documented for Caucasian, Asian and African females
P. PROFMUREITHILEOPOLD. "Investment Linkages of Rural Access roads in Kenya (Kenya Ministry of Transport and Communications November with B.P Finucane.". In: Gabbay R. &Siddique A., ed., Good Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: The Indian Ocean Region (New Delhi: Vedams Books). ISCTRC; 1982. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
JOAB PROFBWAYOJOB. "Isopycnic Isolation of African Trypanosomes on Percoll gradients formed in situ. Grab DJ. Bwayo JJ. (1982). Acta Topics, 39: 363?366.". In: Acta Topics, 39: 363?366. Asian Economic and Social Society; 1982. Abstract
The factors responsible for the explosive spread of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be identified and debated. One of the most controversial factors has been male circumcision. This cross-sectional study was conducted to measure the association between circumcision status and infection with HIV-1 among men with genital ulcer disease. Eight hundred and ten men participated in the study, of whom 190 (23%) were HIV-1-positive. A logistic regression model adjusted for behavioral and historical showed that HIV-1 positivity was independently associated with being uncircumcised (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 4.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.3-7.2) and with a history of urethral discharge (adjusted OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.4-2.8). This association could not be explained by measures of sexual exposure to HIV-1 among this population. Male circumcision should be considered as an intervention strategy for AIDS control.
W PROFMWANGIJULIUS. "J.W. Mwangi, C.K. Maitai, and Talalaj (1982). Essential oil content of Eucalyptus citriodora (Hooker) growing in Kenya. Kenya J. Sci. Tech. 3: 55-56.". In: Kenya J. Sci. Tech. 3: 55-56. The Kenya Medical Association; 1982. Abstract
The effect of acqueous extract of the tuber of Adenia globosa on the isolated preparation of the rat uterus was determined. The crude drug caused a dose-dependent contraction of the tissue preparation. This action was enhanced by a small dose of oxytocin. The results are discussed in relation to the traditional uses of this plant.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Jeshirani, M.K., Bencivenga, A., Mbindyo, B.S., Heda, P.K., Gakuu, L.N. The management of post-traumatic limb length discrepancies Proc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 181-186 vol 5 1982.". In: Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 181-186 vol 5 1982. University of Nairobi.; 1982. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
S. PROFMBINDYOBENJAMIN. "Jeshirani, M.K., Bencivenga, A., Mbindyo, B.S., Heda, P.M., Gakuu, L.N.Non-union of Humerus: The consequences of unstable intramedullary nailingProc. Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 171-175 vol. 6 1982.". In: Ass. of Surgeons of E.A. pp 171-175 vol. 6 1982. University of Nairobi.; 1982. Abstract
Kenya is a country of marked environmental and ethnic diversity. A study of osteogenic sarcoma occurring in Kenya from 1968 to 1978 revealed 251 cases, representing between 89% and 100% of the predicted number. Variations in age, sex and anatomical location were within classical limits. However, the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma amongst the Central Bantu was significantly higher than predicted (P less than 0.0001), whilst the incidence among the Western Bantu was significantly lower (P less than 0.002), despite their similar ethnic origins. Two geographically dissimilar areas likewise exhibited significant differences in incidence. The Eastern province showed a higher incidence (P less than 0.02), whereas the Nyanza Province (P less than 0.001) and the adjacent Western Province (P less than 0.005) showed a lower than predicted incidence. These observations suggest that in Kenya a geomedical variable affects the incidence of osteogenic sarcoma and that genetic variation has no effect on incidence.
KANYUA PROFMUGAMBIJESSENDWIGA. "Jesse Mugambi, J. Mutiso-Mbinda and J. Vollbrecht, Ecumenical Initiatives in Eastern Africa, Nairobi: AACC/AMECEA, 188 pp.".; 1982. Abstract

Introduction to Philosophy of Religion, University of Nairobi, 1988

MUCHAI PROFKAGIKOM. "Kagiko, M.M. Biological Weapons .". In: journal. FARA; 1982. Abstract
Experimentally, two hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) antigens (antigens 4 and 5) were found to be the most immunogenic antigens in HCF.  The two antigens were precipitated together from HCF.  This was done by adding 2M phosphotungstic acid and 2M magnesium chloride pollutions to clarified HCF whilte continuously stirring the mixture.  The precipitate formed was suspend in physiological saline (PS).  This antigens solutions was used to coat microtitre plates fro indirect ELISA.  Indirect ELISA was performed on 180 randomly selected bovine sera. The sensitivity of the test was found to be 98% while the specificity was 70%.  The predictive value was 89%.  Although the specificity of the test was relatively low, the test using these partially purified antigens was found to be useful because of its high sensitivity.
MUCHAI PROFKAGIKOM. "Kagiko, M.M. Limitations of Biological control of Arthropods. Kenya Farmer, June 1982, pp. 41.". In: journal. FARA; 1982. Abstract
Experimentally, two hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) antigens (antigens 4 and 5) were found to be the most immunogenic antigens in HCF.  The two antigens were precipitated together from HCF.  This was done by adding 2M phosphotungstic acid and 2M magnesium chloride pollutions to clarified HCF whilte continuously stirring the mixture.  The precipitate formed was suspend in physiological saline (PS).  This antigens solutions was used to coat microtitre plates fro indirect ELISA.  Indirect ELISA was performed on 180 randomly selected bovine sera. The sensitivity of the test was found to be 98% while the specificity was 70%.  The predictive value was 89%.  Although the specificity of the test was relatively low, the test using these partially purified antigens was found to be useful because of its high sensitivity.
MUCHAI PROFKAGIKOM. "Kagiko, M.M. Staphylococcal Food Intoxication. Kenya Farmer, August 1982, pp. 17.". In: journal. FARA; 1982. Abstract
Experimentally, two hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) antigens (antigens 4 and 5) were found to be the most immunogenic antigens in HCF.  The two antigens were precipitated together from HCF.  This was done by adding 2M phosphotungstic acid and 2M magnesium chloride pollutions to clarified HCF whilte continuously stirring the mixture.  The precipitate formed was suspend in physiological saline (PS).  This antigens solutions was used to coat microtitre plates fro indirect ELISA.  Indirect ELISA was performed on 180 randomly selected bovine sera. The sensitivity of the test was found to be 98% while the specificity was 70%.  The predictive value was 89%.  Although the specificity of the test was relatively low, the test using these partially purified antigens was found to be useful because of its high sensitivity.

UoN Websites Search