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Mogambi H. Makali’s Turn. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2013.
JOSEPH DROTHIENOCALEB. "Makanyengo MA, Othieno CJ, Okech VC. Consultation liaison psychiatry at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Afr Med J. 2005 Feb;82(2):79-84.". In: East Afr Med J. 2005 Feb;82(2):79-84. Equinet; 2005. Abstract

Objectives: To describe the psychiatric services offered at Kenyatta National Hospital and the types
of patients and cases seen at Kenyatta National Hospital.
Design: A retrospective study based on case notes and other hospital records.
Settings: Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.
Subjects : All patients seen in the various psychiatric clinics and those who attended the Patient
Support Centre Unit in the hospital in the year 2002.
Results : In the year 2002, 598,119 patients were treated at KNH out of which 6,878 (1.15%) were
seen in the psychiatric clinics: 1,709 adults and 1,412 children were referred to the various psychiatric
clinics. At the hospital's Patient Support Centre (PSC) 3,454 patients were seen, mostly for pre and
post-HIV test counselling. Consultations from the wards accounted for 332 (9.6%) of the cases referred
to PSC. The main diagnoses among the latter in order of frequency were alcohol related psychiatric
disorders, acute and transient psychoses, depressive disorders, dissociative and conversion disorders
and dementia.
Conclusion : In view of the high load of acute and transient psychotic states, as well as substance
related disorders, it is recommended that the hospital should establish acute wards for the
comprehensive management of such patients. An alcohol and drug detoxification and rehabilitation
centre should also be developed at the hospital. Services to those with HIV related disorders should also
be improved.

W. PROFMAKAWITIDOMINIC. "Makawiti DW, Allen WE, Kilpatrick MJ.Changes in oestrone sulphate concentrations in peripheral plasma of Pony mares associated with follicular growth, ovulation and early pregnancy.". In: J Reprod Fertil. 1983 Jul;68(2):481-7. Groebner-Bases-Bibliography-RICAM; 1983. Abstract
A simple and rapid (less than 2 h) immunoassay method has been developed based upon a novel separation technique called LIDIA (Ligand Differentiation Immunoassay), enabling direct estimation of the concentration of oestrone sulphate in ethanolic extracts of blood plasma. An antiserum raised against oestrone-3-glucuronyl-BSA was used which showed a higher cross-reaction with the sulphate than the glucuronide metabolite. The assay had a sensitivity of 5.2 pg/tube and acceptable inter-(less than 18%) and intra-(less than 8.5%) assay precision. Analysis of samples of peripheral venous plasma obtained daily from Pony mares showed that the mean concentration of oestrone sulphate started to rise from a baseline value (less than 300 pg/ml) at 6 days and reached a peak (greater than 850 pg/ml) at 2 days before follicular rupture as determined by rectal palpation. Progesterone concentrations only started to rise above baseline (less than 0.5 ng/ml) on the day of ovulation and reached a peak 8 days later. Analysis of samples obtained during the first 30 days of pregnancy showed that there was no increase in oestrone sulphate at the time oestrus would have been expected had the mares not conceived.
W. PROFMAKAWITIDOMINIC. "Makawiti DW, Barnard GJ, Matson CM, Collins WP.A novel pseudohomogeneous radioimmunoassay for the measurement of plasma testosterone. J Steroid Biochem. 1983 May;18(5):619-23.". In: J Steroid Biochem. 1983 May;18(5):619-23. Groebner-Bases-Bibliography-RICAM; 1983. Abstract

A description is given of a novel liquid phase immunoassay for the measurement of testosterone in peripheral venous plasma from men and women. The procedure involves: (i) competitive binding of the analyte and tritiated antigen to specific antibodies; (ii) enzymatic conjugation of the free ligand with glucuronic acid; and (iii) separation of the antibody-bound and free ligand by partition of the reactants into an organic and aqueous phase. The technique has been called ligand differentiation immunoassay (LIDIA). The mean sensitivity was 5 pg/tube (equivalent to 0.35 nmol/l female plasma; 0.87 nmol/l male plasma). The mean reagent blank (+/- SD) was 0.24 (0.12) nmol/l female plasma; 0.61 (0.30) nmol/l male plasma. A precision profile gave values less than 50%; the within batch variation was less than 8.3% and the between batch variation over three months was 12.3%. An accuracy profile between the second and penultimate points on the calibration curve gave values between 77 and 103%. The correlation coefficient 'r' between LIDIA and a heterogeneous radioimmunoassay was 0.92 when applied to plasma from men and 0.95 to samples from women.

W. PROFMAKAWITIDOMINIC. "Makawiti DW, Konji VN, Olowookere JO.Interaction of benzoquinones with mitochondria interferes with oxidative phosphorylation characteristics.". In: FEBS Lett. 1990 Jun 18;266(1-2):26-8. Groebner-Bases-Bibliography-RICAM; 1990. Abstract
Studies with four benzoquinones, viz. juglone, embelin, maesaquinone and maesanin, on rat liver mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation have been carried out. Three of the benzoquinones are uncouplers in the order juglone greater than maesoquinone greater than embelin, while maesanin is an inhibitor of electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation.
A PROFOMWANDHOCHARLESO. "Makawiti DW, Konji VN, Omwandho CA and Olowookere JO. Altered 3,5,3.". In: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 65, 132-136.; 1995. Abstract

Immunoglobulins were eluted from ovine placentae and characterized by immunoprecipitation, electrophoresis, western blotting and ELISA.IgG was shown to comprise the bulk of placental-bound immunoglobulins while smaller amounts of IgM and only trace amounts of IgA were demonstrated.Results suggest that ovine placental IgG eluted by surgical cannulation of the uterine blood vessels in situ is similar to that eluted from postpartum placentae in vitro, implying that there may be some transfer of antibodies across the maternal side of the placental barrier to the trophoblast.These antibodies are rich in IgG1 and IgG2, have a relative molecular weight of 158 kDa, and bind to an 80 kDa peptide prepared from pre-acidified ovine placental cotyledons.We propose that the binding of placental IgG to the 80 kDa antigen may prevent immunological rejection of the foetus by competitively excluding cytotoxic cells of maternal origin such as NK cells.Also, given that a similar antigen (80 kDa) has been reported in humans and equines, and shown to be saturated with IgG in term placentae, we propose that this antigen may be conserved in several mammalian species for reproductive purpose.Consequently, we suggest that the ovine placental IgG and the 80 kDa antigen may be suitable as models for the study of maternal-foetal interactions in mammalian pregnancies.

W. PROFMAKAWITIDOMINIC. "Makawiti DW, Lomo PO, Konji VN, Oloowokere JO.Altered 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine thyroxine ratio in experimentally induced kwashiorkor and obesity in rats. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1995;65(2):132-6.". In: Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1995;65(2):132-6. Groebner-Bases-Bibliography-RICAM; 1995. Abstract
The plasma triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) ratios have been evaluated in kwashiorkor and diet-induced obese weaned rats. The concentrations of T3 and T4 were determined in plasma by radio-immunoassay. A significant decrease in T3 level in the order kwashiorkor < obese < control was observed. However T4 concentration was more elevated (P < 0.01) in the obese than the normal controls, while more significantly depressed (P < 0.001) in the kwashiorkor than in control animals. The T3/T4 ratio decreased in the order obese < kwashiorkor < control. It was concluded from these studies that kwashiorkor and diet-induced obesity not only interfere with the absolute concentration of the thyroid hormones but also alter the T3/T4 ratio. The altered T3 and T4 ratio perhaps contributes to the maintenance of the isoenergetic state rather than to the promotion of negative or positive energy balance in kwashiorkor and obese subjects respectively.
W. PROFMAKAWITIDOMINIC. "Makawiti DW, Osaso J, Gombe S.In vitro metabolism of progesterone by peripheral blood of rock hyrax (Procavia capensis).". In: Gen Comp Endocrinol. 1991 Jul;83(1):159-63. Groebner-Bases-Bibliography-RICAM; 1991. Abstract
In vitro metabolism of progesterone by hyrax whole blood, erythrocytes, or plasma in the presence or absence of NADPH was investigated. In the presence of NADPH, whole blood metabolized progesterone to 5 alpha-pregnanedione and 5 beta-pregnanedione, but in the absence of NADPH, only 5 beta-pregnanedione was produced. Erythrocytes in the presence and the absence of NADPH produced only 5 beta-pregnanedione. The plasma component of blood metabolized progesterone to give 5 alpha-pregnanedione, but only in the presence of NADPH. These results suggest the presence of two types of steroid reductases found in plasma and erythrocytes. The extent of progesterone metabolism by the blood of animals in different reproductive states is in the order of pregnant females greater than nonpregnant females greater than male.
Njeri KM. "Make Nairobi a Hybrid City." The Standard Newspaper (2010).
Oredo J. "Make Value from Big Data." MANAGEMENT March (2017).
Muthami J. "Making a Diagnosis: This is a Counseling Skills Program." 3. Making a Diagnosis: This is a Counseling Skills Program. . 2013;1(1).Making a Diagnosis: This is a Counseling Skills Program.
OTIENO MROWINONICHOLAS. Making Africa’s Power Sector Sustainable. United Nation Economic Commision for Africa (UNECA); 2005. AbstractWebsite

A paper prepared for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA),

MWANGI IK. "Making Devolution and Decentralization Work n Kiambu through Institutional Framework of Boards of Municipalities.". In: Training Workshop for Capacity Building for Boards of Municipalities. Organized by Kiambu County Government and Kenya Urban Support Programme (KUSP). Lake Naivasha Resort, Naivasha; 2019.
Wasamba P, Kanyi W. Making Gender Count in Policy Development. . Nairobi: CCGD; 2001.
Makori EO. "Making Information Centers Visible Through Evolving Technologies in Kenya." MAKTABA: Journal of the Kenya Library Association. 2012;2:126-127.
OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "Making Informed Choices: A Handbook for Civic Education.". In: Victoria Walter and Debbie Betts (eds), Safeguarding Human Rights in Eastern Africa (FES, Kampala), 77. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 2001. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "Making Informed Choices: A Trainer's Manual for Civic Education (Nairobi, Civic Education for Marginalised Communities (CEDMAC), Constitution and Reform Consortium (CRECO), Ecumenical Civil Education Programme (ECEP) and gender Consortium (GC)).". In: Victoria Walter and Debbie Betts (eds), Safeguarding Human Rights in Eastern Africa (FES, Kampala), 77. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 2001. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
Katz, Sydney S.; Katz SKVH; N. "The Making of an Urban Mganga:.". 1982.
N PROFNZOMODAUDI. "The Making of Professional Accountants." Part 1, By J.D. Newton and N.D. Nzomo. This article discusses the legal framework under which the Kenyan accounting profession is orgnaized. It presents data on the current status of the profession and discusses ed.". In: Journal of the Kenya Institute of Management, July 1980. (pages 37-39). RIVERBRROKS COMMUNICATIONS; 1980. Abstract
Journal of the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Kenya. (pages 13-15)
N PROFNZOMODAUDI. "The Making of Professional Accountants." Part 1, By J.D. Newton and N.D. Nzomo. This article discusses the legal framework under which the Kenyan accounting profession is orgnaized. It presents data on the current status of the profession and discusses ed.". In: Journal of the Kenya Institute of Management, July 1980. (pages 37-39).; 1980. Abstract

Journal of the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Kenya. (pages 13-15)

ONYANGO-OUMA DRW. "The making of the Kenya sexual offenses act, 2006: Behind the scenes. Nairobi: Kwani Trust.". In: Izvestiya Journal, Geographical series NO. 1 pages 90 - 105, U.S.S.R., Academy of Sciences Moscow, 1980. Kwani Trust; 2009. Abstract
Ogutu EO. A 10-year (1976-1986) retrospective study was done on 30 cases with histological diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma. The male to female ratio was 1.3:1 and the peak incidence was in the 6th and 7th decades. The head of the pancreas was involved in 96% of cases while solid adenocarcinoma of duct cell origin accounted for 73.3% of cases, followed by anaplastic carcinoma (23.3%). The commonest complications were distinct metastasis (86.6%), obstructive jaundice (73.3%) and upper gastrointestinal bleed (13.6%).
NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Making Planning Education Relevant: Case study from Kenya. (1995) In A Reappraisal of the Urban Planning Process. United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (IIABII AT) Nairobi.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1995. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

"Making Right Decisions: Ethical Issues for Social Science Researchers.". 2012. Abstract

Ethics exist within a social context, which makes ethical decision making a complex process. Including an ethical perspective as a foundation of all kinds of research is vital. Researchers need to follow standards of professional conduct to ensure the welfare of participants and uphold the integrity of social science research. Social science scholars encounter ethical challenges when studying and dealing with human behaviour. The genesis of research ethics was the atrocities experienced in clinical trials such as medical experimentation carried out by Nazi physicians in the Second World War and the Tuskegee Syphilis Study (Samantaray and Sahu, 2008: Babbie,2007:Robson,2002). Samantary et al (2008) posits that a reading of social science research journals provide little guidance on ethical responsibilities toward research participants, which should be considered when undertaking research. They argue that there are seldom detailed discussions of ethical principles that guide interaction with participants. However, there are general principles that most researchers would agree on. Unlike scientists who conduct their work under controlled conditions, social science researchers conduct their studies in the field. To study the society, an array of research methods is employed and for collected data to be useful it has to be honestly collected, it should be reliable and collected with informed consent. Research participants should be respected while the principles of beneficence and justice should be upheld. Some of the ethical issues in social science research include deception, confidentiality, preconceived notions, and recruitment methods, security of data, falsification of data, acceptable standards, conflict of interest, plagiarism, rationale and presentation of results (Robson, 2002). This paper intends to examine the genesis of research ethics, examine ethical issues in social science research and to provide suggestions for maintaining integrity in social science research. The purpose of this paper is to perpetuate dialogue with scholars and practitioners concerning the place of ethics in research so that it can be applied in social science research for the benefit of participants. The significance of this study is to enhance understanding and consideration of ethical issues in social science research. Data will be collected through document desk review. Findings from the desk review will inform social science researchers and equip them with knowledge to attend to risk of potential harm and consider the potential benefit of research to individuals and society and minimize risks which could be psychological, sociological, emotional, and financial and legal.

Otieno-Omutoko L. "Making Right Decisions: Ethical Issues for Social Science Researchers. Environment, Power and Development in Africa.". In: Research, the Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA), Nairobi. Nairobi: CUEA; 2013.
Mogambi H. "Making Science and Technology Information more accessible for Africa’s Development.". In: UNESCO Conference on Science Writing.; 2012.
J Coetzer, L Grobbelaar MEM. Making software humane: the effects of affective and anthropomorphism on the adoption of an m-health application. Association for Computing Machinery; 2017. Abstract

With the proliferation of mobile devices, provision of M-health care services has become feasible even in the remotest villages of Africa. Research however shows that many M-health initiatives have not been adopted and used effectively especially in rural communities. Some of the factors contributing to this range from a lack of knowledge with regard the use of technology, literacy challenges, possible fear of technology, to a lack of information regarding these interventions.
In this paper, we demonstrate that an initiative designed to recognize usability as its core function plays a critical role in the use and adoption of M-health interventions in rural communities. Two versions of an M-health intervention were developed and two interface design principles that may have an impact on users' emotions applied, namely affective design and anthropomorphism.
Using the Sethakeng rural community in the Northern Cape (South Africa) as the case study, we were able to determine the extent to which both anthropomorphism and affective design influence the adoption of an M-Health application. Further, the research revealed that because of its ability to include human-like qualities to non-living objects, anthropomorphism is a more effective method for designing M-Health applications targeting rural communities.

WANJIRU DRNGUGIROSE. "Makoma, L. Wanza; the demand for municipal solid waste disposal services; An econometric analysis of willingness to pay; 1998, University of Nairobi.". In: Paris 2011 World Cup in Paris, France. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1998. Abstract
In contrast with mammalian cells, little is known about the control of Ca2+ entry into primitive protozoans. Here we report that Ca2+ influx in pathogenic Trypanosoma brucei can be regulated by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and the subsequent release of arachidonic acid (AA). Several PLA2 inhibitors blocked Ca2+ entry; 3-(4-octadecyl)-benzoylacrylic acid (OBAA; IC50 0.4+/-0.1 microM) was the most potent. We identified in live trypanosomes PLA2 activity that was sensitive to OBAA and could be stimulated by Ca2+, suggesting the presence of positive feedback control. The cell-associated PLA2 activity was able to release [14C]AA from labelled phospholipid substrates. Exogenous AA (5-50 microM) also initiated Ca2+ entry in a manner that was inhibited by the Ca2+ antagonist La3+ (100 microM). Ca2+ entry did not depend on AA metabolism or protein kinase activation. The cell response was specific for AA, and fatty acids with greater saturation than tetraeicosanoic acid (AA) or with chain lengths less than C20 exhibited greatly diminished ability to initiate Ca2+ influx. Myristate and palmitate inhibited PLA2 activity and also inhibited Ca2+ influx. Overall, these results demonstrate that Ca2+ entry into T. brucei can result from phospholipid hydrolysis and the release of eicosanoic acids.
O PROFAGUMBAHGILBERTJ. "Makoni, L.T., Ogaa, J.S. and Agumbah, G.J.O. (1994). The efficiency of an Oestrone sulphate ELISA kit to detect pregnancy in sow in zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Veterinary Journal 25 92) 64 -69.". In: World Veterinary Poultry association. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1994. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Makori, N., Oduor-Okello, D., Warui, C.N., and Otiang.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on advances in Reproductive Research in Man and Animals, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.; 1992.
ODUOR PROFOKELLODOMINIC. "MAKORI, N., ODUOR-OKELO, D. & OWITI, G. E. O., (1991). Morphogenesis of the foetal membranes and placenta of the root rat (Tachyorocytes spendens). Afric. J.Ecol. 29: 248-260.". In: J. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 111 C (2): 191-196. Kisipan, M.L.; 1991. Abstract
Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with corn oil or 5 mg, 20 mg, 25 mg or 30 mg per kg body weight of heptachlor solution every other day for up to 18 days. The rats were killed at the end of the experimental period, and blood samples were assayed for progesterone and oestrogen by radioimmunoassay. Ovarian cells from the rats were isolated and incubated either on their own, or in the presence of LH or FSH, and production of progesterone and oestrogen determined. Control incubations consisted of cells from corn oil-treated rats. The latter were also incubated on their own or in the presence of LH or FSH. Heptachlor significantly suppressed blood progesterone and oestradiol levels (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001), the degree of suppression depending on the dose and the stage of the oestrous cycle in which samples were obtained. Production of oestradiol by ovarian cells from heptachlor-treated rats was lower than for corn oil-treated controls. Cells from rats treated with low doses of heptachlor (5 mg per kg body weight) showed an increased production of progesterone, while high doses (> 20 mg per kg body weight) suppressed production.
ODUOR PROFOKELLODOMINIC. "MAKORI,N. ODUOR- OKELO,D. WARUI C. N. & OWITI, G.E.O. (1994), , An ultrastructural and morphometric study of the late-term placenta of the root rats(Tachyoryctes splendors). In advanced in Reproductive Research in man and animals.Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. In R.". In: J. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 111 C (2): 191-196. Kisipan, M.L.; 1994. Abstract
Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with corn oil or 5 mg, 20 mg, 25 mg or 30 mg per kg body weight of heptachlor solution every other day for up to 18 days. The rats were killed at the end of the experimental period, and blood samples were assayed for progesterone and oestrogen by radioimmunoassay. Ovarian cells from the rats were isolated and incubated either on their own, or in the presence of LH or FSH, and production of progesterone and oestrogen determined. Control incubations consisted of cells from corn oil-treated rats. The latter were also incubated on their own or in the presence of LH or FSH. Heptachlor significantly suppressed blood progesterone and oestradiol levels (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001), the degree of suppression depending on the dose and the stage of the oestrous cycle in which samples were obtained. Production of oestradiol by ovarian cells from heptachlor-treated rats was lower than for corn oil-treated controls. Cells from rats treated with low doses of heptachlor (5 mg per kg body weight) showed an increased production of progesterone, while high doses (> 20 mg per kg body weight) suppressed production.
Judy, Onyancha. "Makosa katika Vyombo Vya Habari’; Kiswahili na Utandawazi.". In: CHAKAMA. Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD), Nairobi; 2014.
Mbuvi JP. "Makueni District profile: soil fertility management."; 2000. Abstract

Drylands Research Working Papers present, in preliminary form, research results of studies carried out in association with collaborating researchers and institutions. This working paper is part of a study which aims to relate long-term environmental change, population growth and technological change, and to identify the policies and institutions which are conducive to sustainable development. The study builds upon an earlier project carried out by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) in Machakos District, Kenya, whose preliminary results were published in a series of ODI Working Papers in 1990-91. This led to a book (Mary Tiffen, Michael Mortimore and Francis Gichuki, More people, less erosion: environmental recovery in Kenya, John Wiley, 1994), which was a synthesis and interpretation of the physical and social development path in Machakos. The book generated a set of hypotheses and policy recommendations which required testing in other African dryland environments. Using compatible methodologies, four linked studies are now being carried out in: Kenya Makueni District Senegal Diourbel Region Niger Maradi Department (in association with ODI) Nigeria Kano Region (in association with ODI) For each of these study areas, there will be a series of working papers and a synthesis, which will be reviewed at country workshops. An overall synthesis will be discussed at an international workshop in London in 2000.

Gichuki FN. "Makueni district profile: soil management and conservation, 1989-1998.". 2000. AbstractWebsite

The investments in soil conservation made by farmers in Makueni District, Kenya over the period 1950-1998, and the policy and institutional framework under which the investments were made are explored. An assessment of the scale and impact of these measures is presented. In general, very few signs of erosion were observed, so the area is considered to have low erosion status. Soil and water conservation measures include the use of crop residues in trash lines, contour ridging, grass strips, fanya juu terraces and cut-off drains. Crop residue management and tillage are the main practices used to facilitate in situ moisture conservation. Most farmers practise contour ridging. Physical soil conservation measures are used to complement cultural practices that conserve rainwater in situ by trapping and preventing further runoff. A key constraint to the expansion of soil and water conservation measures by households is the shortage of hired and family labour. Grazing land has received very little investment because there farmers perceive a low return. In Makueni District farmers have been able to make long-term investments in soil conservation partly because their land tenure was secure. Training and extension in soil and water conservation has been a major external input.

Lule, G.N; Shah GWMV; EM;. "Malabsorption Syndromes in Kenyatta National Hospital.". 1984.
Mwabu G, Fosu A. Malaria and Poverty in Africa.; 2007.Website
Nyamongo IK. "The Malaria Cognate: Folk Classification of Illness Among the Abagusii of Kenya.". In: African Anthropology, 1997, Vol. 4(2): 27-36. Wiley Interscience; 1997. Abstract

The author illustrates how qualitative data from open-ended interviews, pile sorts, and triad sorts can be used to test quantitatively for intracultural variation in norms. Specifically, the author tests whether Gusii men and women in the Suneka Division of Kisii District in southwest Kenya have developed a common set of standards in response to symptoms of malaria. In this small sample, the focus is on internal, rather than external, validity. While the findings about Gusii responses to malaria are not generalizable beyond the village where the data were collected, the method described may be used to study cultural similarities across socioeconomic, gender, and other groups.

J. DRMUNGUTIKAENDI. "Malaria in Pregnancy: Changing service providers practices for better outcomes(Submitted to the American journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene).". In: Institute of Physics CMMP `94, Warwick, U.K., 19-21 December 1994, Paper 1.4ss.11, p. 157. Lelax Global (K) Ltd; 2004. Abstract
The book is a biography of the author. He begins with fundamenbtal question whether we can determine our destiny or we are just fulfiling what has already been ordained. He then explains how he has grown over the yeas experiencing changes.  
Lacroix, R., Mukabana, W.R., Gouagna LC, Koella JC. "Malaria Infection Increases Attractiveness of Humans to Mosquitoes." PlosBiology, . 2005;3(9):1590-1593 (e298).
Lacroix R, Wolfgang R Mukabana, Gouagna LC, Koella JC. "Malaria Infection Increases Attractiveness of Humans to Mosquitoes." PlosBiology, 3 (9), (e298).. 2006. AbstractWebsite

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Integrated vector management (IVM) for malaria control requires ecological skills that are very scarce and rarely applied in Africa today. Partnerships between communities and academic ecologists can address this capacity deficit, modernize the evidence base for such approaches and enable future scale up. Community-based IVM programmes were initiated in two contrasting settings. On Rusinga Island, Western Kenya, community outreach to a marginalized rural community was achieved by University of Nairobi through a community-based organization. In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Ilala Municipality established an IVM programme at grassroots level, which was subsequently upgraded and expanded into a pilot scale Urban Malaria Control Programme with support from national academic institutes. Both programmes now access relevant expertise, funding and policy makers while the academic partners benefit from direct experience of community-based implementation and operational research opportunities. The communities now access up-to-date malaria-related knowledge and skills for translation into local action. Similarly, the academic partners have acquired better understanding of community needs and how to address them. Until sufficient evidence is provided, community-based IVM remains an operational research activity. Researchers can never directly support every community in Africa so community based IVM strategies and tactics will need to be incorporated into undergraduate teaching programmes to generate sufficient numbers of practitioners for national scale programmes. Academic ecologists at African institutions are uniquely positioned to enable the application of
practical environmental and entomological skills for malaria control by communities at grassroots
level and should be supported to fulfil this neglected role.

Nyamongo IK. "Malaria Risk and Ecological Change in Gusii: What Can We Learn from Hospital Data and Community Narratives?" International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 2011;1(6):34-42. AbstractNyamongo_malaria_and_ecological_change_in_gusii.pdf

Ecological factors have contributed to increased malaria transmission in sub-Sahara Africa. This study was designed to document perceived and actual ecological changes in Gusii over the last three decades; to document changes in the malaria burden and to collect ethnographic data to understand folk causal linkages between environmental change and disease patterns. Over a 12-month period data was collection using malaria focused-ethnographic interviews, historical narratives and a review of statistical health records. A total of 103 people were interviewed. Historical narratives reveal a decline in landholdings over three decades. Hospital health records show that over this period, the burden of malaria has increased. Ethnographic interviews and hospital records show that the period during which malaria is most intense is between May and August, with July as the peak period. Ethnographic data point to weather changes, changes in landholdings and land use as the primary factors in the observed changes in the malaria patterns in Gusii. In conclusion, in the absence of documented data folk knowledge is a useful substitute for constructing trends.

Ondiba IM, Oyieke FA, Ong’amo GO, Olumula MM, Nyamongo IK, Estambale BBA. "Malaria vector abundance is associated with house structures in Baringo County, Kenya." PloS one. 2018;13(6):e0198970.
Ondiba IM, Oyieke FA, Ong’amo GO, Olumula MM, Nyamongo IK, Estambale BBA. "Malaria vector abundance is associated with house structures in Baringo County, Kenya." PloS one. 2018;13(6):e0198970.
Ondiba IM, Oyieke FA, Ochieng AO, Anyona DN, Nyamongo IK, Estambale B. "Malaria vector species distribution and seasonal population dynamics across varied ecological zones in Baringo County, Kenya." Journal of Mosquito Research. 2017;7(21):174-183.ondiba_et_al_2017.pdf
IK N. "MALARIA: Poverty, Race, and Public Health in the United States, by Margaret Humphreys.". In: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 196 pp., 2001, $41.50 (Hardcover) Social Science and Medicine Vol. 57(12): 2476-2476. Wiley Interscience; 2003. Abstract

Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya. This article assesses knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding cervical cancer among rural women of Kenya. One hundred and sixty women (mean age 37.9 years) who sought various health care services at Tigoni subdistrict hospital, Limuru, Kenya, were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire. In addition, three focus group discussions (25 participants) were held, five case narratives recorded, and a free list of cervical cancer risk factors obtained from a group of 41 women respondents. All women were aged between 20 and 50 years. About 40% knew cervical cancer, although many still lack factual information. A history of sexually transmitted diseases (61.5%), multiple sexual partners (51.2%), and contraceptive use (33%) were identified as risk factors. Other factors mentioned include smoking, abortion, and poor hygiene standards. High parity, early sexual debut, and pregnancy were not readily mentioned as risk factors. We propose a folk causal model to explain the link between these factors and cervical cancer. Lack of knowledge constrains utilization of screening services offered at the clinics. Consequently, respondents support educating women as a way to tackling issues on cervical cancer. It is recommended that an integrated reproductive health program that addresses comprehensively women's health concerns be put in place.

Knols, B.G.J., Njiru, B.N., Mathenge, E.M., Mukabana, W.R., Beier JC, Killeen, G.F. "Malariasphere: A greenhouse-enclosed simulation of a natural Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) ecosystem in Western Kenya." Malaria Journal. 2002;1:19.
Bhagwat VM, Ramachandran BV. "Malathion A and B esterases of mouse liver-I." Biochem. Pharmacol.. 1975;24(18):1713-7.
Bhagwat VM, Ramachandran BV. "Malathion A and B esterases of mouse liver-I." Biochem. Pharmacol.. 1975;24(18):1713-7.
Bhagwat VM, Ramachandran BV. "Malathion A and B esterases of mouse liver-I." Biochem. Pharmacol.. 1975;24(18):1713-7.
WANJIRU DRGICHUHIAGNES. "Malawi National Strategic Framework HIV/AIDS Programme: Monitoring and Evaluation Plan,National Aids Commission.". In: Measure Macro International, Maryland. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 2002. Abstract

Fresh blood lymphocytes from nine health donors have been compared with samples from the same donors, recovered after period of 2 to 21 months storage in liquid nitrogen, for the capacity to respond to a range of mitogens in vitro. A microculture assay was used, requireing aliquots of only 25,000 cells. The mean levels of 14C-thymidine uptake for fresh and frozen samples were closely comparable when the cells had been stimulated by PHA, Pokeweed or mitomycin-C-treated allogeneic lymphoblastoid cells. Lymphocytes from six East African donors, frozen by a very simple technique, were recovered after 3 or more years storage in liquid nitrogen. Five of the samples were in good condition as judged by cell viability and the capacity to form spontaneous 'E' rosettes with sheep erythrocytes. These five samples also responded extremely well to PHA, PWM and mitomycin-C-treated allogeneic lymphoblastoid cells using the microculture assay. This study extends the range of applications of cell banks in which small aliquots of blood lymphocytes are stored in liquid nitrogen for periods of several years.

Ndlela S, Mohamed S, Ndegwa PN, Ong’amo GO, Ekesi S. "Male annihilation technique using methyl eugenol for field suppression of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on mango in Kenya." African Entomology . 2016;24(2):437-447 .
Baeten JM, Donnell D, Kapiga SH, Ronald A, John-Stewart G, Inambao M, Manongi R, Vwalika B, Celum C. "Male circumcision and risk of male-to-female HIV-1 transmission: a multinational prospective study in African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples." AIDS. 2010;24(5):737-44. Abstract

Male circumcision reduces female-to-male HIV-1 transmission risk by approximately 60%. Data assessing the effect of circumcision on male-to-female HIV-1 transmission are conflicting, with one observational study among HIV-1-serodiscordant couples showing reduced transmission but a randomized trial suggesting no short-term benefit of circumcision.

Agot KE, Kiarie JN, Nguyen HQ, Odhiambo JO, Onyango TM, Weiss NS. "Male circumcision in Siaya and Bondo Districts, Kenya: prospective cohort study to assess behavioral disinhibition following circumcision." J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.. 2007;44(1):66-70. Abstract

Evidence for efficacy of male circumcision as an HIV prevention measure is increasing, but there is serious concern that men who are circumcised may subsequently adopt more risky sexual behaviors.

Backes DM, Bleeker MC MCJHMGABRCN-AJOHHCJMSKJS, J SJS. "Male circumcision is associated with a lower prevalence of human papillomavirus-associated penile lesions among Kenyan men." Int J Cancer.:. 2012;130(8):1888-97.abstaerctachola.pdf
S PROFOLIECHJOSEPH. "Male infertility at KNH. Medicom Vol. 2:95, 1980.". In: Medicom Vol. 2:95, 1980. PROF.J.S.OLIECH; 1980. Abstract

No a ABSTRACT.
Ten males,6 of whom were azoospermic and 4 oligospermic were studied for their subfertilityor infertility after the gynaecologist had proven wives normal and referred them to urology clinic for further tests .Study showed that the causes of subfertility or infertility are uncorrectable and in the few that can be corrected, the results of the improved fertility in so far as getting child is concerned has no workable formula.
bstract yet

Aluisio AR, Bosire R, Betz B, Gatuguta A, Kiarie JN, Nduati R, John-Stewart G, Farquhar C. "Male Partner Participation in Antenatal Clinic Services is Associated with Improved HIV-free survival Among Infants in Nairobi, Kenya: A Prospective Cohort Study." J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.. 2016. Abstract

This prospective study investigated the relationship between male antenatal clinics (ANC) involvement and infant HIV-free survival.

"Male Perspectives on Incorporating Men into Antenatal HIV Counseling and Testing."; 2009. Abstract

ackground: Male partner involvement in antenatal voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) has been shown to increase
uptake of interventions to reduce the risk of HIV transmission in resource-limited settings. We aimed to identify methods for
increasing male involvement in antenatal VCT and determine male correlates of accepting couple counseling in these
settings.
Methodology/Principal Findings: We invited women presenting to a Nairobi antenatal clinic to return with their male
partners for individual or couples VCT. Male attitudes towards VCT and correlates of accompanying female partners to
antenatal clinic and receiving couple counseling were determined. Of 1,993 women who invited their partner, 313 (16%)
returned with their partners to ANC. Men attending antenatal clinic were married (.99%), employed (98%), and unlikely to
report prior HIV testing (14%). Wanting an HIV test (87%) or health information (11%) were the most commonly cited
reasons for attending. Most (95%) men who came to antenatal clinic accepted HIV testing and 39% elected to receive
counseling as a couple. Men who received counseling with partners were younger, had fewer children, and were less
knowledgeable about prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) than those who received counseling
individually (p,0.05). Only 27% of men stated they would prefer HIV testing at a site other than the ANC. There was
agreement between male and female reports for sociodemographic characteristics; however, men were more likely to
report HIV preventive behaviors and health communication within the partnership than their partners (p,0.05).
Conclusions/Significance: Offering VCT services to men at antenatal clinic with options for couple and individual
counseling is an important opportunity and acceptable strategy for increasing male involvement in PMTCT and promoting
male HIV testing.

Katz DA, Kiarie JN, John-Stewart GC, Richardson BA, John FN, Farquhar C. "Male perspectives on incorporating men into antenatal HIV counseling and testing." PLoS ONE. 2009;4(11):e7602. Abstract

Male partner involvement in antenatal voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) has been shown to increase uptake of interventions to reduce the risk of HIV transmission in resource-limited settings. We aimed to identify methods for increasing male involvement in antenatal VCT and determine male correlates of accepting couple counseling in these settings.

"Male Spouse Perpetrated Psychological and Sexual Abuse among Pregnant Women in Nairobi, Kenya." International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2315-9844). 2014;Vol. 1(11)((ISSN: 2315-9844)):pp. 178-184.publication.pdf
Marson KG, Tapia K, Kohler P, McGrath CJ, John-Stewart GC, Richardson BA, Njoroge JW, Kiarie JN, Sakr SR, Chung MH. "Male, mobile, and moneyed: loss to follow-up vs. transfer of care in an urban African antiretroviral treatment clinic." PLoS ONE. 2013;8(10):e78900. Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze characteristics, reasons for transferring, and reasons for discontinuing care among patients defined as lost to follow-up (LTFU) from an antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic in Nairobi, Kenya.

A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Malek A.K.A, Ogeng.". In: Clin Anat. 2007 Nov;20(8):943-5. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2007. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

Dr. Wairimu Waweru DWP. "Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the scalp. .". In: Aga Khan hospital . Aga Khan hospital ; 2005.
Tipton SG, Smyrk TC, Sarr MG, Thompson GB. "Malignant potential of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas." British Journal of Surgery. 2006;93:733-737. AbstractWebsite
n/a
MALECHE MRZACHARIAH. ""Malindi LADP 1995 - 1998: A preliminary Report," In collaboration with the Green Towns project on Environment and Urban Development, Ministry of Local Government, 1996.". In: KISE Bulletin, July 1987. Vol. 1 No. 2. World Conference of Phylosophy Proceedings; 1996.
OKEYO DRMWAIALFAYO. "Malmfors, B., M. Smalley, J. Philipsson, H. Ibrahim, Anderson-Eklund, O. Mwai, N. Mpofu and J.EO. Rege. 2002. Capacity building for Sustainabble Use of Animal Gnetic Resources in Developing Countries- Anew Approach.". In: World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, France, August 2002. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 2002. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
MATOGO DROMWEGAABIUD. "Malnutrition and Iron Deficiency Anaemia in urban slum communities: the case of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. East African Medical Journal, 80: 191-194.". In: Kenya J. Sci. and Tech. (B) vol. 7 (1) 23-28,. Departmental seminar; 2003. Abstract
Oyieke H.A. and Misra A.K:
Muasya MK, Ng'ang'a PM, Opinya GN, Macigo FG. "Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need among 12-15-year-old children in nairobi." East African Medical Journal. 2012;89(2):39-44.
Muasya MK. Malocclusion and traumatic dental injuries in relation to over-jet and lip posture in 12-15 year old in Nairobi.; 2009. Abstract

Aim: To determine the prevalence and pattern of occurrence of malocclusion and
traumatic injuries to permanent anterior teeth and establish any association
between traumatic injuries, over-jet and lip posture.
Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional survey.
Setting: The study was carried out in public primary schools in the City of
Nairobi, Kenya over a period of three months.
Subjects and methods: A sample of 1382 boys and girls aged 12-15 years was
obtained by multi-stage random sampling of children in 8 divisions, then 16
zones, then schools were interviewed. Registration for malocclusion was done
using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and tae variables sought included missing
teeth, crowding, over-jet and antero-posterior molar relations. Two hundred and
twenty two children with history of traumatic dental injuries were identified. A
structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on the trauma,
symptoms associated, cause, site of trauma and if any treatment was sought.
The data was collected by clinical examination of permanent anterior teeth of the
children based on a modification of the WHO criteria with some variables sought
including: number of teeth injured, type of teeth injured, classification of the
trauma and type of treatment if any. Data was analysed aided by computer using
the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) programme. Chi-square and
odds ratios statistical tests were done to determine the differences in
malocclusion and trauma experience between males and females and the
difference in trauma experience by different overjet groupings and lip posture.
Student's t-test was used to determine difference in mean overjet between
Xll
children who had sustained traumatic dental injuries and those who had not. A p
value of less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Seven hundred and thirty two (53.0%) of the children examined had
either no abnormality or only minor malocclusion, 318(23%) had definite
malocclusion, 176(12.7%) and 156(11.3%) had severe malocclusion and very
severe or handicapping malocclusion respectively. The mean OAI was 26.6.
Prevalence and severity of malocclusion for male and female children did not
differ significantly (p=0.139). The prevalence of TOls was 16.1%. Males had
experienced a significantly higher prevalence of trauma (18.8%) than females
(13.5%) p=0.008. Amongst the male children, falls were the leading cause of
TOls (37.3%). Approximately half (44.8%) of the females did not remember the

cause of injury while 31(36.5%) had sustained TOls due to falls. One hundred
and seventy two (77.5%) children who had experienced TOls had no symptoms
associated with the traumatized teeth. Ninety six (43.2%) of the children were
injured while in the home environment. The maxillary central incisors were the
most commonly traumatized teeth accounting for 220(73.5%) out of 299 injured
teeth. The most frequently observed type of dental trauma was enamel fracture
206(68.9%) followed by enamel-dentin fracture 71(23.8%). Two hundred (90%)
children had not sought treatment for TOls. When frequency of TOls in the
children was related to overjet, it was found that out of the 886 children with
overjet of 0-3 mm 104(11.8%) had experienced TOls. Out of the 502 children with
overjet greater than 3 mm, 118 (23.5%) were found to have TOI. The prevalence
of TOls in children with overjet greater than 3 mm was significantly higher than
that in children with overjet of 3 mm and less (p=O.OOO).A significantly higher
prevalence of TOls was found when children with incompetent lips 124(55.9%)
were compared to those with competent lips 98(44.1%), (p=O.OOO).
Conclusion: There was an overall high prevalence of malocclusion among the
children with no significant gender difference for most of the traits. The OAI
criteria produced a mean OAI score of 26.6, with 11.3% of subjects exhibiting
handicapping malocclusion. Overall traumatized permanent incisors were found
to occur fairly frequently with 68.9% of the injured teeth having sustained enamel
injuries. A very high proportion of traumatized teeth were untreated. Male
gender, overjet greater than 3 mm and incompetent lips were found to be
statistically significant risk factors for traumatic dental injuries.
Recommendation: Facilities and personnel should be put in place so that
children with very severe or handicapping malocclusion can benefit from
subsidized orthodontic therapy by specialists. There is need to improve oral
health policies in Kenya so as to incorporate periodic checks ups in order to
promptly diagnose and give advice on treatment of TOIs. The high proportion of
untreated dental trauma among the children calls for improvement in children,
parents and teacher education.

MACHARIA PROFNGANGAPETER. "Malocclusion in children aged 3-6 years in Nairobi, Kenya.Kabue MM, Moracha JK, Ng'ang'a PM. East Afr Med J. 1995 Apr;72(4):210-2.". In: East Afr Med J. 1995 Apr;72(4):210-2. Elsevier; 1995. Abstract
Dental Surgeon, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. The prevalence of malocclusion in the deciduous dentition of 221 children aged 3-6 years in Nairobi, Kenya is reported. The children were drawn from six randomly selected preprimary schools (kindergarten, nurseries, and pre-units) from different areas of the city. Overall, 51% of the children were found to have some form of malocclusion. Maxillary overjet accounted for 13%, deep bite 13%, dental midline displacement 6%, frontal openbite 12% and anterior crossbite 5%. Anthropoid spaces were observed in 85% of the children, while over 60% had spacing in the incisor region. Straight terminal plane of the deciduous second molars was diagnosed in 53% of the children, mesial step in 43% and distal step occlusion in one percent of the children. The results suggest a need for interceptive orthodontic treatment in some of the children.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O. (ed.)(1972) Comparative Physiology of Desert Animals. Academic Press, London, xxvi + 413 pp.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O. (ed.)(1979) Comparative Physiology of Osmoregulation in Animals vol. 1.Academic Press, London, xii + 678 pp.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1979. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O. (ed.)(1979) Comparative Physiology of Osmoregulation in Animals vol. 2.Academic Press, London vii + 246 pp.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1979. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O. and ELEY, R.M.(1992) The Hyrax. Regal Press, Nairobi, XI + 122 pp.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1992. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O. and HEADY, H.F.(1965) Grazing conditions in Kenya Masailand. Journal of Range Management 18, 269-272.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1965. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O. and SALE, J.B. (1976) Renal function and electrolyte balance during dehydration in the hyrax. Israeli Journal of Medical Sciences 12, 852-853.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1976. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O.(1963) Observations on free ranging of Thomson's and Grant's gazelles. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 28, 151-160.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1963. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O.(1965) African game animals as a source of protein. Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews 35, 903-908.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1965. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O.(1965) International Symposium on Comparative Biology of Reproduction in Mammals. East African Wildlife Journal 3, 134.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1965. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O.(1968) The physiology of Digestion and Metabolism in the Red deer. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1968. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O.(1976) Water and salt metabolism in the camel. In: Progress in Animal Biometeorology, Volume 1, Part 1. (Edit. H.D. Johnson), pp. 58-66. Swets and Zietlinger, Amsterdam.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1976. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O., KAY, R.N.B. and GOODALL, E.D. (1968) Studies on the physiology of digestion and metabolism of the red(Cervus elaphus). Symposium London Zoological Society 21, 101-108.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1968. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY G.M.O., KAY, R.N.B., GOODALL, E.D. and TOPPS, J.H.(1968) Some effects of nitrogen and water intake in sheep and red deer. Proceedings of Nutrition Society 27, 52A.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1968. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and ALLIANGANA, D.M.I.(1988) Thermal and metabolic adaptation to heat in the ground hornbill(Bucorvus cafer).". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1988. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and CLEMENS, E.T.(1980) Apparent colonic absorption and secretion of electrolytes in five species of East African herbivorous mammals. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 67A, 21-25.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1980. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and CLEMENS, E.T.(1980) Gastrointestinal osmolarity, electrolyte and organic acid composition in five species of East African herbivorous mammals. Journal of Animal Science 51, 917-924.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1980. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and CLEMENS, E.T.(1991) Aspects of digestion and in vitro fermentation in the caecum of some East African herbivores. Journal of Zoology London 224, 293-300.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1991. Abstract

Caecal digestive functions were compared in 22 species of East African herbivores. Comparisons were made between ruminant pseudo-ruminant, and non-ruminant herbivores to assess the relative in vitro fermentation rate and composition of caecal contents from these species observed in their natural habitat. Measurements were made of caecal fermentation rate, organic acid composition, osmolality, pH and dry matter content. The data were compared by foregut structure, feed preference and body weight of the herbivores

OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and CLEMENS, E.T.(1999) Digestive efficiency in two small wild ruminants: the suni and the dik-dik antelopes. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 124A, 149-153.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1999. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and EDHOLM. O.G.(1975) Thermoregulation, water and electrolyte metabolism of man in the desert. East African Medical Journal 52, 97-112.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1975. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and HOPCRAFT, D.(1971) Thermoregulation and water relations in two East African antelopes:the hartebeest and impala. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 33A, 403-412.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and KAY. R.N.B.(1971) A comparison of digestion in red deer and sheep under controlled conditions. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology 56, 356-366.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and RUGANGAZI, B.M.(1993) Energetics of locomotion in a large desert ungulate: the one-humped camel. Proceedings IFS Workshop on Animal Production, eds. NYEKO,J.H.P. and OCEN, G.W., Kampala, Uganda, pp. 128-137.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1993. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and SCOTT, D.(1969) Renal excretion of urea and electrolytes in sheep and red deer.Journal of Physiology London 205, 91-101.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1969. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O. and TAYLOR, C.R.(1971) Water requirements of African goats and haired sheep. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 77, 203-208.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1970) Water economy of the Somali donkey. American Journal of Physiology 219, 1522-1527.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1970. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1971) Renal salt and water excretion in the one-humped camel. Proceedings of International Congress of Physiological Sciences 9, 363.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1971) Temperature regulation in the Somali donkey (Equus asinus).Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 39A, 403-412.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Comparative studies on digestion and fermentation rate in the forestomach of the one-humped camel and the zebu steer. Research in Veterinary Science 13, 476-481.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Desert survival. Africana 4(II), 14-15.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Knut Schmidt-Nielsen, Dedication. Symposium. London Zoological Society 31, xxv.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Preface. Symposium London Zoological Society 31, ix-x.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1972) Renal salt and water excretion in the camel (Camelus dromedarius). Symposium London Zoological Society 31, 243-259.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1972. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1973) The effect of dehydration and heat stress on intake and digestion of food in the Somali donkey. Environmental Physiology and Biochemistry 3(1), 36-39.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1973. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1973) The water metabolism of a small East African antelope: the dik dik. Proceedings Royal Society of London B 184, 167-178.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1973. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1973). Water metabolism in East African ruminants in arid and semi-arid regions. Z. Tiezuchtg. Zuchtgsbiol 90, 219-228.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1973. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1974) A behavioural approach to a dry life. New Scientist 61, 119.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1974. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1974) Digestion and renal function in East African goats and haired sheep. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 40, 177-188.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1974. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1977) Mechanism of urine dilution and concentrations in some East African desert herbivores. Proceedings International Congress of Physiological Sciences 12, 75A.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1977. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1982) Elephant. In: The World Book Encyclopaedia, Vol. 6, pp. 178-180.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1982) Physiology and ecology of the topi antelope in Masai Mara Game Reserve, Kenya. National Geographic Research Reports 13, 419-429.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1985) Adaptation of pastoral Turkana nomads to the desert heat and aridity. National Geographic Society Research Reports 18, 501-504.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1985. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1985) Olpayian Kitok S.S. Ole Pasha: Maasai Senior Chief (1904-1985):an appreciation. The Standard.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1985. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1985) Studies in Comparative Physiology, D.Sc. Thesis, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1985. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1987) Dr. Igor Mann, D.V.M. (1906-1987): an appreciation. The Standard.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1987. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1989) Professor Kaare Julian Lindqvist, D.V.M., M.Sc., Ph.D., FRCPath (1929-1989): an appreciation. The Standard.". In: Proceedings of International Union of Physiological Sciences 17, 335. EAMJ; 1989. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1989) Professor Kaare Julian Lindqvist: gone is a scientist and humanist. The Daily Nation.". In: Proceedings of International Union of Physiological Sciences 17, 335. EAMJ; 1989. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1989) Richard Maitland Laws, CBE, PhD, FRS, Dedication. Symposium London Zoological Society 61, v-viii.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1989. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1990) In memorium: The Hon. Joseph A. Murumbi. The Weekly Review No.790, 13 July 1990.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1990. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1993) John Magero Ole Musuni Tiampati (1936-1993) an appreciation. The Standard.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1993. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1993) The factors that affect the numbers and population of large African mammals: is man the culprit? In: Human Impacts on Self-Recruiting Populations, ed. SUNDNES, G., Third International Kongsvoll Symposium, Tapir Press, Trondheim, Norwa.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1993. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O.(1996) C. Richard Taylor: an appreciation. The People.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 1996. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., ALEXANDER R. McN., NJAU R. and JAYES, A.S.(1979) Allometry of the legs of running birds. Journal of Zoology London 187, 161-167.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1979. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., CLEMENS, E.T. and KAMAU, J.M.Z. (1982) Aspects of digestion and in vitro rumen fermentation rate in six species of East African wild ruminants. Journal of Zoology London 197, 245-253.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., HEGLUND, N.C., PRAGER, L.M., CAVAGNA, G.A. and TAYLOR, C.R.(1986) Energetic cost of carrying loads. Have African women discovered an economic way? Nature London 319, 668-669.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1986. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., KAMAU, J.M.Z., SHKOLNIK, A., MEIR, M. and ARIELI, R.(1982) Thermoregulation and metabolism in a small desert carnivore: the fennec fox (Fennecus zerda). Journal of Zoology London 198, 279-292.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1982. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., KAY, R.N.B., GOODALL, E.D. and TOPPS, J.H.(1970) Digestion and nitrogen metabolism in sheep and red deer given low amounts of water and proteins. British Journal of Nutrition 24, 843-855.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1970. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., LYKKEBOE, G., JOHANSEN, K. and BAMFORD, O.S.(1978) Osmoregulation in Tilapia grahami: a fish in extreme alkalinity. In: Comparative Physiology of Water, Ions and Fluid Mechanics. (Eds.) K.Schmidt-Nielsen, L. Bolis and S.H.P. Madrell, Cambr.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1978. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., MACFARLENE, W.V. and SHKOLNIK, A. (1979) Osmoregulation in mammalian herbivores. In: Comparative Physiology of Osmoregulation in Animals, Vol.2, Academic Press, (ed.G.M.O. MALOIY), pp. 185-209.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1979. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., RUGANGAZI, B.M. and CLEMENS, E.T. (1988) The physiology of the dik-dik antelope. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 90A, 1-8.". In: Proceedings of International Union of Physiological Sciences 17, 335. EAMJ; 1988. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., RUGANGAZI, B.M. and CLEMENS, E.T. (2000) Nitrogen metabolism and renal function in the dik-dik antelope(Rhynchotragus kirkii). Small Ruminant Research 37, 243-248.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 2000. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., RUGANGAZI, B.M. and ROWE, M.F. (2004).Heart rate and energy expenditure during rest and exercise in the domestic donkey and one-humped camel. Abstract:.". In: Annual Conference Society for integrative and Comparative Biology New Orleans Louisiana U.S.A. EAMJ; 2004. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., TAYLOR C.R. and CLEMENS, E.T. (1978) A comparison of gastrointestinal water content and osmolarity in EastAfrican herbivores during hydration and dehydration. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Cambridge 91, 249-254.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1978. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY, G.M.O., WARUI, C.N. and CLEMENS, E.T. (1987) Comparative gastrointestinal morphology of the kori bustard and secretary bird. Zoo Biology 6, 242-251.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1987. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Maloiy, G.M.O., Warui, C.N. and Clemens, E.T. (1987). Comparative gastrointestinal morphology of the Kori bustard and secretary bird. Zoo Biology 6.243-251.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on advances in Reproductive Research in Man and Animals, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.; 1987.
OLE PROFMALOIYGEOFFREYM. "MALOIY,G.M.O. and BOARER, C.D.H.(1971) The response of the Somali donkey to dehydration: hematologicalchanges. American Journal of Physiology 221, 37-41.". In: Proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, p. 17. EAMJ; 1971. Abstract
Serum acid phosphatase was measured in patients with enlarged benign and malignant prostate before and after rectal examination. Amongst the patients with benign glands, rectal examination did not produce any significant false elevation of the enzyme. Rectal examination, however, caused a rise in the enzyme level in a few untreated cancer patients and in cancer patients who has become refractory to hormonal therapy. This rise would help rather than mislead in the diagnosis of malignant prostate and also in the identifying treated patients who had become refractory to treatment. Thus, when serum acid phosphatase is properly determined, elevated levels should always arouse suspicion of malignant prostate or other lesions associated with high enzyme level even is such determination was preceded by rectal examination. There appears to be no merit in the teaching that the determination of serum acid phosphatase should be delayed after rectal examination.
O. PROFNDINYA-ACHOLAJ. "Malonza IM, Omari MA, Bwayo JJ, Mwatha AK, Mutere AN, Murage EM, Ndinya-Achola JOCommunity-acquired bacterial infections and their susceptibility in Nairobi EAMJ 74: 166-70, 1977.". In: EAMJ 74: 166-70, 1977. IBIMA Publishing; 1977. Abstract
To monitor clinically significant isolates and their antimicrobial susceptibilities, all specimens sent to microbiology laboratory of the Kenyatta National Hospital were cultured on appropriate media. The susceptibility of the isolates was performed on Muller Hinton or diagnostic sensitivity test (DST) agar using comparative discs diffusion technique. The results were then entered into Microbe Base 2 computer programme. A total of 7416 clinically significant isolates were collected from 1991 to 1995. The most commonly isolated organisms were E.coli, Klebsiella and Staphylococcus aureus. Most of these hospital acquired infections had multiple resistance to conventional antimicrobials, namely, penicillin, tetracyclines, gentamicin, trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole and ampicillin. The resistance pattern was high among both gram negative and positive bacteria isolates. Beta-lactamase production amongst them were 51%, 69.3%, 79.6% respectively. Prevalence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was 39.8%. Addition of clavulanic acid to amoxycillin increased Staphylococcus aureus susceptibility three fold. The emergence of multiple drug resistance calls for a continuous monitoring and reviewing of antibiotic policy in the hospital and the country at large.
O. PROFNDINYA-ACHOLAJ. "Malonza IM, Tyndall MW, Ndinya-Achola JO, Maclean I, Omar S, MacDonald KS, Perriens J, Orle K, Plummer FA, Ronald AR, Moses S.A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of single-dose ciprofloxacin versus erythromycin for the treatment of chancr.". In: J Infect Dis. 1999 Dec;180(6):1886-93.Click here to read. IBIMA Publishing; 1999. Abstract
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in Nairobi, Kenya, to compare single-dose ciprofloxacin with a 7-day course of erythromycin for the treatment of chancroid. In all, 208 men and 37 women presenting with genital ulcers clinically compatible with chancroid were enrolled. Ulcer etiology was determined using culture techniques for chancroid, serology for syphilis, and a multiplex polymerase chain reaction for chancroid, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus (HSV). Ulcer etiology was 31% unmixed chancroid, 23% unmixed syphilis, 16% unmixed HSV, 15% mixed etiology, and 15% unknown. For 111 participants with chancroid, cure rates were 92% with ciprofloxacin and 91% with erythromycin. For all study participants, the treatment failure rate was 15%, mostly related to ulcer etiologies of HSV infection or syphilis, and treatment failure was 3 times more frequent in human immunodeficiency virus-infected subjects than in others, mostly owing to HSV infection. Ciprofloxacin is an effective single-dose treatment for chancroid, but current recommendations for empiric therapy of genital ulcers may result in high treatment failure due to HSV infection.
J PROFMULAAFRANCIS. "Maltohexaose production by a recombinant Bacillus halodurans α-amylase:.". In: enhanced yields by in situ product removal (manuscript). Springerlink; 2004. Abstract
Proteins isolated from the midgut of Glossina pallidipes were used to immunize rabbits and their efficacy as vaccine candidate(s) against the fly, and their potential to block transmission of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense assessed. Two fractions, detergent (DET) and aqueous (AQ) fractions were separated using a non-ionic detergent (Triton X-114) and a series of bioassay experiments carried out using serum obtained from rabbits immunized with either of the two fractions. The mortality rates of tsetse flies fed on serum from rabbits immunized with DET and AQ was 56 and 35%, respectively, as compared to 20% mortality in controls. The DET antigen(s) caused considerably higher mortality (chi(2)=1.194, P<0.05) than that on controls. These findings suggest that midgut proteins contain antigens that are lethal to tsetse flies, and are potential candidates for the development of anti-tsetse vaccine. When flies fed on serum derived from DET immunized rabbits were fed on T. b. rhodesiense infected blood, only 20% of them picked the infection. Very few flies (20%) fed on serum derived from DET immunized rabbits had infection of T. b. rhodesiense. In the control flies 45% of them had infection in the midgut with a higher and actively motile parasite load. Assessment of fecundity indicated significantly higher (chi(2)=2.117, P<0.05) larviposition for the control flies when compared to the AQ group of flies (chi(2)=1.054, P<0.05). Significant differences in abortions and pupal weights were also observed. These results suggest that midgut proteins contain antigens with potential for use in development of vaccine to block transmission of trypanosomes through tsetse.
Rayya. "Mama Mkwe.". In: Kopo la Uji na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers; 2011.
Rayya T. Mama Mkwe.; 2012.Website
Otieno SP, Ng'ang'a E. Mami Baba/Fafa. Githinji K, ed. Talent Empire Kenya; 2011.
Maloiy GMO;, Macfarlane WV;, Shkolnik A. Mammalian herbivores.; 1979.Website
KIIRU PROFMUCHUGUDH. "The Man Who Fears the Plague Is not Safe from It.". In: The Nairobi Journal of Literature 5 (March 2007): 68-78. Philosophical Issues Invoked by Shona People; 2007. Abstract

This essay looks at Somali oral poetry, using poetry now committed to writing primarily from B. W. Andrzejewski and I. M. Lewis

Aduda, J, Ndaita SB. "Management Accounting changes and Practices adopted by Large Manufacturing Companies in Nairobi, Kenya." The Operations Research Society of Eastern African Journal,. 2013;3(2).
Kang’ethe EK, H Korhonen, KA Marimba, G Nduhiu, JK Mungatu, Okoth SA, V Joutsjoki, LW Wamae, Shalo P. "Management and mitigation of health risks associated with the occurrence of mycotoxins along the maize value chain in two counties in Kenya." Food Quality and Safety. 2017;1(4):268-274.
Kang’ethe EK, H Korhonen, KA Marimba, G Nduhiu, JK Mungatu, Okoth SA, V Joutsjoki, LW Wamae. "Management and mitigation of health risks associated with the occurrence of mycotoxins along the maize value chain in two counties in Kenya." Food Quality and Safety,. 2017;1(4):268-274.
Magoha GAO. "Management and survival in advanced prostate cancer in Nairobi." East Afr Med J.. 2000;77(5):260-3. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management and survival of patients with advanced prostate cancer in this locality. DESIGN: A prospective case study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Referral Hospital and the Nairobi and Mater Hospitals. PATIENTS: Fifty nine patients with advanced cancer of prostate (extra prostatic locally advanced and metastatic cancer). RESULTS: Transperineal trucut needle biopsies of the prostate revealed 15 patients (25.42%) had poorly differentiated cancers with Gleasons scores greater than 7. Fifteen patients (25.42%) had moderately differentiated cancers with Gleason scores of 6; and twenty nine other patients (49.2%) had well differentiated cancers with Gleason scores of 4 and below. Surgical castration was effected on 15 patients four of whom also had 50 mg of oral bicalutamide (casodex) daily. Thirty six patients were treated with subcutaneous goserelin (zoladex) depot 3.6 mg every 28 days. Ten of these patients also had 50 mg oral casodex daily in addition to the zoladex. Three patients in this group also had external radiotherapy for severe bone pains. Only eight patients were treated with oral diethylstilboestrol 3 mg daily. All the 15 patients with undifferentiated cancers died within 12 months. Of the 22 patients surviving at 48 months irrespective of the method of treatment, 20 of them had well differentiated cancers with Gleasons scores of 4 or less. CONCLUSION: Survival in the undifferentiated and poorly differentiated prostrate cancer Gleasons grades 4 and 5 with a score of over 7 is poor irrespective of the mode of treatment as all the patients in this group were dead within 12 months of diagnosis. Twenty patients (90.90%) of the surviving patients at 48 months had well differentiated cancers Gleasons grades 1 and 2 with scores of 4 or less indicating better prognosis for these tumours which are known to be slow growing with a much longer tumour doubling time.

East Afr Med J. 2000 May;77(5):260-3.

Evans W, Nderitu, J., Cheminingwa. management bean pests. Nairobi; 2015.mgt_of_snap_beans_pests.pdf
MEROKA PROFMBECHEISAAC, Mwadali D. "Management by Projects .". In: Project Management in the Construction Industry for Eastern Africa Region. Machakos, Kenya: IBIMA Publishing; 1996. Abstract

a paper presented to the Conference on Project Management in the Construction Industry for Eastern Africa Region, 20th - 23rd November, 1996, Machakos, Kenya.

MEROKA PROFMBECHEISAAC, Mwadali D. "Management by Projects: Factors which affect the Performance of Project Managers in a developing country.". In: Discovery and Innovation, Vol. 9 no. 3,. IBIMA Publishing; 1997. Abstract

Many organizations in Kenya have adopted and tried to implement the total quality management (TQM) programmes. Many of these firms have failed to achieve the expected results for various reasons. This study examines how TQM implementation is influenced by leadership in a large organization. The result show that control systems, involvement of employees in decision making and the provision of a conducive psychological environment are quiet difficult to provide for by the leadership in a large organization. It is suggested that creating smaller organization and/or autonomous Divisions of firm will help to address these challenges.

NZUVE SNM. Management Decision - Making: The Debate About Workers Participation. Nairobi: University of Nairobi press; 1985.
P. PROFMUREITHILEOPOLD. "management for Development: Priority Themes in Africa Today (Nairobi: Oxford Unicweairy press1987 Co-editor and Contributor.". In: Gabbay R. &Siddique A., ed., Good Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: The Indian Ocean Region (New Delhi: Vedams Books). ISCTRC; 1987. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
AOSA E. "'Management in Africa: Contextual Factors and their Influence''.". In: The Nairobi Journal of Management, Volume 1. Kisipan, M.L.; 1996. Abstract

n/a

AOSA E. "'Management Involvement, Training and Company Effectiveness in an African Context'',.". In: Journal of African Finance and Economic Development 1(2). Fall. Kisipan, M.L.; 1992. Abstract

n/a

PROF. NTIBA MICHENIJ. "Management issues in Lake Victoria watershed.". In: Lakes & Reservoirs: Res. Mangt. 6: 211-216. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2001. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
Makhanu N, Simiyu NB, Luna KDG, Alcorta PP. "Management of a Combined Endodontic-Periodontal Lesion: A Case Report." Endodontic Society of the Philippines journal . 2019;12(1):11-16.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Management of Academic Programmes with special Reference to the Examination Process".". In: The Senate Workshop held at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies, Ruaraka, Nairobi. Kenya. 23 August 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract
   
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Management of Academic Programmes with special Reference to the Examination Process".". In: The Senate Workshop held at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies, Ruaraka, Nairobi. Kenya. 23 August 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract

 

 

Kinoti SN, Maggwa AB, Turkish J, Wasunna A. "Management of acute childhood diarrhoea with oral rehydration therapy at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya." East Afr Med J. 1985;62(1):5-11.
Kibet S, Nantongo P. "Management of agropastoral production systems.". In: Mainstreaming ecosystem services and biodiversity into agricultural production and management in East Africa. Rome: FAO; 2016.
KD O, F N, M N. "Management of anterior abdominal wall defect using a pedicled tensor fascia lata: A case report." Case reports in medicine. 2012;2012doi: 10.1155/2012/487126.(doi: 10.1155/2012/487126.):doi: 10.1155/2012/487126.
Olubayo; F, Kibaru; A, Nderitu; J, Njeru; R, and SS, Kasina M. "Management of aphids and aphid-transmitted viruses in stored potatoes in Kenya." Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. . 2008;5(3):40-45.management_of_aphids_and_aphid-transmitted_viruses_in_stored_potatoes_in_kenya..pdf
Nderitu, J., and Buruchara RA, Ampofo JKO. "Management of bean root rots and bean stem maggot in the African Highlands. AHI Coordinating office, ICRAF,.". In: : KARI Scientific Conference. Nairobi,; 1997.
Lubembe DM, Githigia SM, Chogo P, Athumani HM, Kitaa JM. "Management of Bovine Papillomatosis using an Autogenous Vaccine: A case study in Bukura Agricultural College, Western Kenya." Kenya Veterinarian. 2014;38:43-44. Abstract
n/a
Lubembe DM, Githigia SM, Chogo P, Athumani HM, Kitaa JM. "Management of bovine papillomatosis using an Autogenous Vaccine: A case study in Bukura Agricultural College, Western Kenya.". In: Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 8th Biennial and 46th Annual Scientific Conference of the Kenya Veterinary Association. Safaripark Hotel, Nairobi Kenya; 2012.
DM L, SM G, P C, HM A, JM K. "Management of bovine papilomatosis using autogenous vaccine: A case study in Bukura Agricultural College Western Kenya.". In: Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 8th Biennal and 46th Annual Conference of the Kenya Veterinary Association . Safari Park Nairobi; 2012.
Magoha GAO. "Management of carcinoma of the penis: A review. ." East African Medical Journal,. 1995;72:547-550. Abstract

Partial penectomy is effective in the treatment of T1 and T2 penile carcinoma with 80% five-year survival rates in the absence of inguinal metastases, and the residual stump is serviceable for upright micturition and sexual function. The use of micrographic surgery first introduced by Mohs in 1941 for small distally located lesions of upto one centimetre diametre achieves results comparable to partial penectomy. Carbon dioxide and Neodymium-Yag lasers have also been used in the treatment of T1 and T2 tumours with 89% five year survival rates. Radiotherapy is also ideal for the treatment of T1 and T2 primary penile carcinoma because failure is corrected with salvage partial penectomy. In T3 disease with extensive local growth total penectomy and removal of scrotal contents followed by perineal reconstruction with scrotal flap is associated with 90% five year survival rates. In advanced T4 tumours with fixed inguinal nodes (N3), hemipelvectomy or hemicorporectomy with combination cytotoxic chemotherapy is considered in selected cases. Various cytotoxic agents like bleomycin, vincristine and methotrexate have been used in adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy with mixed results. Pre operative radiotherapy is useful in the treatment of patients with metastatic groin lymph nodes of greater than or equal to 4 cm in size. Radiotherapy also provides effective palliation in patients with advanced regional and/or distant metastases. Groin block dissection is commonly performed to treat groin node metastasis and to stage nodal disease in patients with clinically negative groins. The procedure is however associated with significant morbidity resulting in complications such as wound infection and skin necrosis leading to wound breakdown and lymphoedema.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

O. PROFMAGOHAGEORGEA. "Management of carcinoma of the penis: A review. East African Medical Journal, 72: 547-550, 1995.". In: East African Medical Journal, 72: 547-550, 1995. EAMJ; 1995. Abstract

Partial penectomy is effective in the treatment of T1 and T2 penile carcinoma with 80% five-year survival rates in the absence of inguinal metastases, and the residual stump is serviceable for upright micturition and sexual function. The use of micrographic surgery first introduced by Mohs in 1941 for small distally located lesions of upto one centimetre diametre achieves results comparable to partial penectomy. Carbon dioxide and Neodymium-Yag lasers have also been used in the treatment of T1 and T2 tumours with 89% five year survival rates. Radiotherapy is also ideal for the treatment of T1 and T2 primary penile carcinoma because failure is corrected with salvage partial penectomy. In T3 disease with extensive local growth total penectomy and removal of scrotal contents followed by perineal reconstruction with scrotal flap is associated with 90% five year survival rates. In advanced T4 tumours with fixed inguinal nodes (N3), hemipelvectomy or hemicorporectomy with combination cytotoxic chemotherapy is considered in selected cases. Various cytotoxic agents like bleomycin, vincristine and methotrexate have been used in adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy with mixed results. Pre operative radiotherapy is useful in the treatment of patients with metastatic groin lymph nodes of greater than or equal to 4 cm in size. Radiotherapy also provides effective palliation in patients with advanced regional and/or distant metastases. Groin block dissection is commonly performed to treat groin node metastasis and to stage nodal disease in patients with clinically negative groins. The procedure is however associated with significant morbidity resulting in complications such as wound infection and skin necrosis leading to wound breakdown and lymphoedema.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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