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PROF.OMWANDHOCHARLESO, TUMBO-OERI AG, OKELLO GBA. "Effects of Albendazole therapy on serum proteins in Hydatid Patients.". 1991.
Waruiru RM, Weda EH, Thamsborg SM, Munyua WK, Gathuma JM, Bogh HO, Nansen P. "The effects of anthelmintic treatment on nematode parasite and live weight gains dairy calves under field conditions in Kenya." Bulletin of Animal Health and Production. 1996;44:125-133.
Omondi SF, Odee DW, Ongamo GO, Kanya JI, Khasa DP. "Effects of Anthropogenic Disturbances on Natural Regeneration and Population Structure of Gum Arabic Tree (Acacia senegal) in the Woodland of Lake Baringo Ecosystem, Kenya." JOURNAL OF FORESTRY RESEARCH. 2016:DOI: 10.1007/s11676-016-0349-4.
Kavoi BM, Plendl J, Makanya AN, Ochieng’ S, Kiama SG. "Effects of Anticancer Drug Docetaxel on the Structure and Function of the Rabbit Olfactory Mucosa." Tissue & Cell. 2014;46:213-224. Abstracteffects_of_anticancer_drug_docetaxel_on_the_structure_and_function_of_the_rabbit_olfactory_mucosa.docxeffects_of_anticancer_drug_docetaxel_on_the_structure_and_function_of_the_rabbit_olfactory_mucosa.pdf

Docetaxel (DCT) is an anticancer drug which acts by disrupting microtubule dynamics in the highly mitotic cancer cells. Thus, this drug has a potential to affect function and organization of tissues exhibiting high cellular turnover. We investigated, in the rabbit, the effects of a single human equivalent dose (6.26 mg/kg, i.v.) of DCT on the olfactory mucosa (OM) through light and electron microscopy, morphometry, Ki-67 immunostaining, TUNEL assay and the buried food test for olfactory sensitivity. On post-exposure days (PED) 5 and 10, there was disarrangement of the normal cell layering in the olfactory epithelium (OE), apoptotic death of cells of the OE, Bowman’s glands and axon bundles, and the presence (including on PED 3) of blood vessels in the bundle cores. A decrease in bundle diameters, olfactory cell densities and cilia numbers, which was most significant on PED 10 (49.3%, 63.4% and 50%, respectively), was also evident. Surprisingly by PED 15, the OM regained normal morphology. Furthermore, olfactory sensitivity decreased progressively until PED 10 when olfaction was markedly impaired, and with recovery from the impairment by PED 15. These observations show that DCT transiently alters the structure and function of the OM suggesting a high regenerative potential for this tissue

Kavoi BM, Plendl J, Makanya AN, Ochieng’ S, Kiama SG. "Effects of anticancer drug docetaxel on the structure and functionof the rabbit olfactory mucosa." Tissue and Cell. 2014. Abstract

Docetaxel (DCT) is an anticancer drug which acts by disrupting microtubule dynamics in the highly mitoticcancer cells. Thus, this drug has a potential to affect function and organization of tissues exhibiting highcellular turnover. We investigated, in the rabbit, the effects of a single human equivalent dose (6.26 mg/kg,i.v.) of DCT on the olfactory mucosa (OM) through light and electron microscopy, morphometry, Ki-67immunostaining, TUNEL assay and the buried food test for olfactory sensitivity. On post-exposure days(PED) 5 and 10, there was disarrangement of the normal cell layering in the olfactory epithelium (OE),apoptotic death of cells of the OE, Bowman’s glands and axon bundles, and the presence (including onPED 3) of blood vessels in the bundle cores. A decrease in bundle diameters, olfactory cell densitiesand cilia numbers, which was most significant on PED 10 (49.3%, 63.4% and 50%, respectively), was alsoevident. Surprisingly by PED 15, the OM regained normal morphology. Furthermore, olfactory sensitivitydecreased progressively until PED 10 when olfaction was markedly impaired, and with recovery from theimpairment by PED 15. These observations show that DCT transiently alters the structure and functionof the OM suggesting a high regenerative potential for this tissue.
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ogolla KO, Okumu PO, Gathumbi PK, Waruiru. RM. "Effects of Anticoccidial Drugs on Gross and Histopathological Lesions Caused by Experimental Rabbit Coccidiosis." SOJ Veterinary Sciences. 2018;4(3): 1-10.symbiosis.pdf
Waruiru RM, Gathumbi PK, Okumu PO, Ogolla KO. "Effects of anticoccidial drugs on gross and histopathological lesions caused by experimental rabbit coccidiosis." SOJ Veterinary Sciences . 2018;4(3):1-9.
W.O.Osawa, Sahoo PK, J.M.Onyari, F.J.Mulaa. "Effects of antioxidants on oxidation and storage stability of Croton megalocarpus biodiesel." International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. 2015. Abstractart3a10.10072fs40095-015-0191-z.pdf

The effects of antioxidants and storage on
oxidation stability of croton biodiesel and its blends with
petro-diesel were determined using PetroOxy equipment.
The biodiesel and blends were kept in Pyrex reagent bottles
and stored in a metallic locker at room temperature for
8 weeks, a condition that imitated ordinary storage environment
in tanks before use. The oxidation stability indices
of the biodiesel and blends were determined by measuring
Rancimat induction periods for 8 weeks at intervals of
2 weeks. Although the Rancimat induction period for
freshly prepared biodiesel of 4 h was higher than the
commonly used American standard (ASTM D6751) limit
of 3 h, it was lower than the European standard (EN 14214)
of 6 h. The induction periods of B50 and lower blends
were, however, equal to or greater than 6 h. The Rancimat
induction periods for biodiesel with 100 ppm antioxidants
were 5.6, 6.8 and 7.8 h for Butylated hydroxyanisol
(BHA), Propyl gallate (PRG) and Pyrogallol (PYG),
respectively, while the Rancimat induction periods for
biodiesel with 1000 ppm antioxidants were 6.8, 8.2 and
10 h for BHA, PRG and PYG, respectively. The oxidation
stability index for neat biodiesel decreased by 45 % while
that for biodiesel with 1000 ppm antioxidants depreciated
by 16, 12.2 and 20.59 % for PYG, PRG and BHA,
respectively, during the 8-week storage period. A more
rapid decline in oxidation stability was observed in the
biodiesel and blends without antioxidants than those with
antioxidants. The results from this study showed that the
use of appropriate concentrations of suitable antioxidants
can greatly improve the oxidation stability of biodiesel and
blends which can therefore be stored over longer periods of
time before use without undergoing extensive and deleterious
oxidative deterioration.
Keywords Croton biodiesel Oxidation stability
Antioxidants Storage stability
A

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "The Effects of Aorta-Iliac Operations on Sexual Function in the Male Re- emphasis on possible Preventive Measures.". In: East African Medical Journal 56 (10): 490 - 497. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1979. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
Odundo P, Gunga S. "EFFECTS OF APPLICATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS ON LEARNER ACHIEVEMENT IN BUSINESS STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KENYA." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND RESEARCH. 2013;Vol. 1 No. 5.
Gunga S, Odundo P. "Effects Of Application Of Instructional Methods On Learner Achievement In Business Studies In Secondary Schools In Kenya." International Journal of Education and Research. 2013;1(5).
Higashi T, Kambayashi Y, Ohkura N, Fujimura M, Nakai S, Honda Y, Saijoh K, Hayakawa K, Kobayashi F, Michigami Y, EO A. "Effects of Asian dust on daily cough occurrence in patients with chronic cough: A panel study." Atmospheric Environment. 2014;92:506-513.
W.A 1. O, GN C’wa, J.I K, P.N N. "Effects of Azolla and inorganic nitrogen application on growth and yield of rice in Mwea Irrigation Scheme." International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research. 2019;14 (3):1-8.
KAAYA, G.P., DARJI N, OTIENO LH. "Effects of bacteria, antibacterial compounds and trypanosomes on tsetse reproduction and longevity." Insect Science and Its Application . 1987;8:217-220.
Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Mwangi JN, Mbuthia PG, Mbugua SW. "Effects of Butorphanol, Meloxicam and Butorphanol- Meloxicam combination on would healing after ovariohysterectomy in dogs." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2018;2018.
Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Mwangi JN, Mbuthia PG, Mbugua SW, others. "Effects of butorphanol, meloxicam and butorphanol-meloxicam combination on wound healing after ovariohysterectomy in dogs." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2019;8:300-307. Abstract
n/a
Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Mwangi JN, Mbuthia PG, Mbugua SW. "Effects of butorphanol, meloxicam and butorphanol-meloxicam combination on wound healing after ovariohysterectomy in dogs." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2019;8(4):300-307.
Tum PK, Oduor FDO. "Effects of Calcination Temperature on Titanium dioxide Photocatalyst Morphology." The Journal of Kenya Chemical Society . 2014;8(1):28. AbstractThe Journal of Kenya Chemical Society

Description
Organic compounds can be degraded photo catalytically using titanium dioxide (TiO2). In this study, the effect of calcination temperature on the morphology of TiO2 catalyst prepared from an aqueous suspension of ‘anatase paste’of concentration 10g/l. TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared and characterized by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) surface area determination techniques to determine its morphological properties which include crystalline size, particle size and specific surface areas vis-à-vis temperature. For TiO2 produced from ‘anatase paste’, an increase in calcination temperature from 300 C to 900 C resulted in an increase in particle size and decrease in surface area. Higher calcination temperature favoured formation of larger particles. Data obtained from XRD measurements show that particle crystal size calculated using Scherer’s formula increased with an increase in calcination temperature.

W DRGACUNOONESMUS, OTIENO DRODAWAFRANCISXAVIER. "Effects of calcium supplementation in patient at risk of pregnancy induced Hypertension.". In: East Afr Med J. 2006 Jan;83(1):4-9. EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu.; 2005. Abstract
Effects of calcium supplementation in patient at risk of pregnancy induced Hypertension. (This was an experimental double blind randomized clinical trial.) J. Obset. Gynaecol. East Cent.Afr 2005, 18:49-59
Waweru G, Ochieng’ DDE. "EFFECTS OF CAPITAL FLOWS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN KENYA ." African development finance journal. 2017;1(1):1-17. Abstracteffects_of_capital_flows_on_economic_growth_in_kenya.pdf

Purpose -This study investigated the immediate and lagged effects of the various forms of capital flows - FDI flows, portfolio flows and “Other investments capital flows” (which mainly represents corporate, financial institutions and general government borrowings as well as remittances from the diaspora) - on economic growth in Kenya over a 30 year period from 1984 to 2014.
Methodology – The study adopted a quantitative research design in the form of an econometric model known as Auto Regressive Distributed Lag Model (ARDLM). Findings -FDI and portfolio investments flows have a negative impact on the GDP growth rate and that their impact is not statistically significant.However, other investments flows, which mainly represent corporate, financial institutions, general government borrowings and remittances from the diaspora, have a positive impact on GDP growth rate and the impact is statistically significant.Based on the study findings, it can be inferred that a significant slowdown or a reversal in capital flows in form of “Other investments capital flows” into Kenya result into significant slowdown in economic growth in the country. Implications -Policy makers may lay much emphasis on attracting portfolio investment flows and “Other investments capital flows”, while investors and firms should consider the upside opportunities that may be created by increase in other investments capital flows and the downside risks that could results from a significant slowdown or a reversal in these forms of capital flows into the country.

Keywords: Capital flows, Economic growth, FDI flows, portfolio investment flows, Private equity, Diaspora remittances, Auto Regressive Distributed Lag Model.

OYOO PROFWANDIGASHEM. "Effects of Chemical Events on Environment in Africa.". In: Pontifical Academy of Science's Study Week on "Chemical Events in the Atmosphere and Their Impact", November 1983, P.649-673. Academic Press Elsevier. Int.; Submitted. Abstract
n/a
Mwangi TJ, Kibui AW. "Effects of Chemistry practicals on students' performance in secondary school chemistry." International Journal of Science and Research. 2017;(ISSN (Online)).
Gohil TR, Mutave RJ, Dimba EAO. "Effects of chemotherapy on oral health in paediatric oncology patients at the Kenyatta National Hospital." Kenya Dental Association. 2011;2:184-189.
MUTAYOBA, B.M., GOMBE, S., KAAYA GP, Waindi EN. "Effects of chronic experimental Trypanosoma congolense infection on the ovaries, pituitary, thyroid and adrenal glands in female goats." Research in veterinary science . 1988;44:140-146.
Weiss JM, Glazer HI, Pohorecky LA, Brick J, Miller NE. "Effects of chronic exposure to stressors on avoidance-escape behavior and on brain norepinephrine." Psychosom Med. 1975;37(6):522-34. Abstract

A single exposure to a severe stressor (either cold swim or inescapable shock) impairs subsequent performance in a shuttle avoidance-escape task (1), a deficit attributed to reduction in brain noradrenergic activity produced by these stressors. In the present paper, two experiments are described which examine how repeated exposure to such stressors affects (a) shuttle avoidance-escape performance (Experiment 1), and (b) aspects of brain norepinephrine metabolism (Experiment 2). Experiment 1 showed that, whereas subjects receiving the single exposure to cold swim or shock showed a large avoidance-escape deficit, subjects that received repeated exposure to these stressors for 14 days performed similarly to the control group that received no stressor. Experiment 2 showed that, whereas subjects that received one session of the inescapable shock stressor showed a lower level of norepinephrine in hypothalamus and cortex than did subjects that received no shock, subjects that received repeated exposure to inescapable shock or cold swim showed neurochemical "habituation." Subjects that received repeated shock showed elevated tyrosine hydroxylase activity and no depletion of norepinephrine level, and both repeated shock and cold swim caused a decrease in uptake of 3H-norepinephrine by slices of cortex in vitro. Thus, it is concluded that the behavioral and neurochemical changes that were observed after the stressful conditions studied are consistent with the hypothesis that changes in avoidance-escape responding following exposure to these stressful events are due to changes in brain noradrenergic activity.

Ang’u C, Muthama NJ, Oludhe C, Kong’ani LNS. "Effects of civil conflicts on global oil prices and their impact on the energy sector." Journal of Sustainability, Environment and Peace. 2019;1(1):12-18.
Ang'u C, Muthama NJ, Oludhe C, Kong'ani LNS. "Effects of civil conflicts on global oil prices and their impact on the energy sector." Journal of Sustainability, Environment and Peace. 2019;1(1):12-18.
O PROFNYAMBOKISAAC. "Effects of clay minerals on the stabilization of black cotton and lateritic soils.". In: Kenya Journal of Science and Technology, Series A. Vol. 7. 5-23. Wiley Interscience; 1986. Abstract
Nyambok, I.O.
Mogikoyo MN, Pokhariyal GP, O AJ. "Effects of computer and interne t access and skills on attitudes towards video - based distance learning in institutions higher education in Kenya." Prime Journal of Social Science (PJSS) . 2014;3(11):926-931. Abstractmogikoyo.pdf

This paper explores the possibility of using Videoteleconferencing (VTC) Technology to enhance distance learning mode of education for Institutions of Higher Learning in Kenya. It looks at the readiness with regard to the level of Infrastructure development in terms of availability of computers and the Internet. The competence of resource persons and students in use of computers and the Internet are also explored in this study. The study further tests the effects of Computer and Internet access on the attitude towards use of Videoteleconferencing or Video-based distance learning. Videoteleconferencing or Videoconferencing is a form of E-learning that falls in the category of Synchronous learning that involves distance learning students having a live instructor teaching via the Internet (Obringer, 2001). Implementation of Videoconferencing in Institutions of Higher Learning in Kenya would facilitate access of higher education to all Kenyans in the various towns as well as make Institutions of Higher Learning to sustain themselves due to additional revenue generated. The services of experts working in industry could be made available to the various Institutions thus saving on overhead expenses like office space, healthcare, pension plan, sabbaticals, secretarial help and infrastructure while at the same time the experts will disseminate a wealth of knowledge and experience to students. This research was a case study of the University of Nairobi, School of Business and School of Education. The findings indicated that 74.2% of the respondents had a positive attitude towards Videoconferencing. This implies that Videoconferencing is a form of learning that can be accepted by staff and students.

Key words: Video-based distance learning, videoconferencing, synchronous learning, electronic learning.

Mogikoyo MN, Pokhariyal GP, O AJ. "Effects of computer and internet access and skills on attitudes towards video-based distance learning in institutions higher education in Kenya." Prime Journal of Social Sciences. 2014;3(11):926-931. Abstract

This paper explores the possibility of using Videoteleconferencing (VTC) Technology to enhance distance learning mode of education for Institutions of Higher Learning in Kenya. It looks at the readiness with regard to the level of Infrastructure development in terms of availability of computers and the Internet. The competence of resource persons and students in use of computers and the Internet are also explored in this study. The study further tests the effects of Computer and Internet access on the attitude towards use of Videoteleconferencing or Video-based distance learning. Videoteleconferencing or Videoconferencing is a form of E-learning that falls in the category of Synchronous learning that involves distance learning students having a live instructor teaching via the Internet (Obringer, 2001). Implementation of Videoconferencing in Institutions of Higher Learning in Kenya would facilitate access of higher education to all Kenyans in the various towns as well as make Institutions of Higher Learning to sustain themselves due to additional revenue generated. The services of experts working in industry could be made available to the various Institutions thus saving on overhead expenses like office space, healthcare, pension plan, sabbaticals, secretarial help and infrastructure while at the same time the experts will disseminate a wealth of knowledge and experience to students. This research was a case study of the University of Nairobi, School of Business and School of Education. The findings indicated that 74.2% of the respondents had a positive attitude towards Videoconferencing. This implies that Videoconferencing is a form of learning that can be accepted by staff and students.

Key words: Video-based distance learning, videoconferencing, synchronous learning, electronic learning.

P. Ajuoga, A. Ogacho MAJMBO. Effects of concentration of dopant states on photactivity in niobium-doped TiO2. 24th July-4th August 2006, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; 2006.
Ajuoga, P. O, A., Mwabora JM, Aduda BO. "Effects of concentration of dopant states on photoactivity in niobium-doped TiO2.". In: 7th College on Thin Film Technology. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; 2006. Abstract

Various studies have revealed that incorporation of cations of valence higher than that of the parent cations e.g., W6+, Ta5+, Nb5+ into the crystal matrix of TiO2 enhances its rate of photoactivity. In the present study, we propose incorporation of Nb5+, pentavalent dopant into TiO2 matrix in order to attempt to establish its optimal concentration for maximum photoactivity. The niobium-doped TiO2 was prepared by high temperature diffusion of the doping cations into the crystal matrix of the parent oxide. The doped samples were found to change from white to light yellow/brown. XRD analysis for anatase-rutile content of the doped samples was performed. At low mol% Nb (0.1197 – 0.2360) in TiO2, the crystalline structure was predominantly rutile at calcinations temperature of 650 oC, but at high mol% Nb (> 1.0000), a relatively higher anatase content was observed at the same calcinations temperature for a period of 2.5 hours.

and Digolo, P.O.O. MOMGMJOS. "Effects of Constructivist And Conventional Methods of Instruction on Learning Biology Amongst Secondary School Students in Kenya." Journal of International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE).. 2014.
J PROFMULAAFRANCIS. "The effects of Corticosteroids on Neurotransmitter metabolism on the rat CNS.MSc thesis University of Nairobi.". In: East Afr Med J. 1996 Feb;73(2):88-90. Springerlink; 1986. Abstract

In a bid to determine the HIV-1 subtype variants in transmission in Nairobi and its possible association with clinical status, we screened 207 confirmed HIV-1 positive patients visiting HIV/AIDS laboratory at the Virus Research Centre in Nairobi between January and March 1994. We used a selfmade ELISA obtained from an established panel of HIV-1 V3 loop peptides (ANRS, France) and derived from seven isolates: MN, HXB2, SC, Z6, Z2, ELI and CDC4. Test samples were obtained from 95 blood donors and medical examination attendees, 57 patients with chronic diarrhoea, 31 confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis, 16 with pneumonia and 12 herpes zoster. Out of the total, 21.5% had antibodies against the MN strain, 19.1% had against the Z2 strain while reaction against the HXB2 strain was observed in 17.2%. SC, CDC4, Z6 and ELI had prevalences of 11.5%, 6.2%, 5.3% and 3.8% respectively. Fifteen per cent of the tested sera showed no reaction to any of the used peptides. Strong and significant associations were observed between the total number of strains a sample react to and the clinical state. We infer that both the North American consensus strains (MN and HXB2) and the African isolates (Z2 and Z6) are predominant in Nairobi. The correlation between antibody reactivity and clinical state is an interesting observation that necessitates an expanded study and, the use of strain specific peptides maybe a sensitive and easier method for use for molecular epidemiological purposes. PIP: During January-March 1994, in Nairobi, Kenya, the sera of pre-university students, suspected AIDS/advanced HIV-infection cases, and blood donors were screened for HIV-1 antibodies at the Virus Research Centre. All confirmed HIV-1 positive samples were categorized according to the patient's clinical status. A self-made ELISA was obtained from an established panel of HIV-1 V3 loop peptides and derived from seven isolates (MN and HXB2 [North American strains], SC, CDC4, Z2 and Z6 [African strains], and ELI). The sera of the 22 confirmed HIV-1 negative students were used as negative controls. There were 207 confirmed HIV-1 cases (95 blood donors and 112 suspected AIDS/advanced HIV-infection cases). 64 (31%) and 112 (54%) samples reacted to at least 3 strains and no more than 2 strains, respectively. The remaining 31 (15%) samples did not react to any of the 7 peptide strains. Samples with CD4 cell counts greater than 500 x 1 million reacted significantly to more peptide strains than those with CD4 counts below 200 x 1 million (88% vs. 7%). Reactivity to specific strains were 21.5% for MN, 19.1% for Z2, 17.2% for HXB2, 11.5% for SC, 6.2% for CDC 4, 5.5% for Z6, and 3.8% for ELI. Anti-HXB2 antibodies were more common in blood donors than suspected AIDS/advanced HIV-infection cases (22% vs. 13%). AIDS/advanced HIV-infection cases were more likely to have no antibodies than blood donors (21% vs. 7%). A significant association existed between the number of peptide strains a patient could react to and the clinical state (p 0.01). Specifically, 77% of samples with no V3 antibodies to the seven strains had AIDS or advanced HIV infection while 55% of those which had cross reactivity with three or more strains were asymptomatic. Further research is needed to better understand this correlation. These findings suggest that use of strain specific peptides may be a sensitive and easier method for use for molecular epidemiological purposes.

J PROFMULAAFRANCIS. "The effects of Cortisone on GABA metabolism on the rat hypothalamus and hippocampus. MSc Thesis Donestsk State University.". In: East Afr Med J. 1996 Feb;73(2):88-90. Springerlink; 1983. Abstract

In a bid to determine the HIV-1 subtype variants in transmission in Nairobi and its possible association with clinical status, we screened 207 confirmed HIV-1 positive patients visiting HIV/AIDS laboratory at the Virus Research Centre in Nairobi between January and March 1994. We used a selfmade ELISA obtained from an established panel of HIV-1 V3 loop peptides (ANRS, France) and derived from seven isolates: MN, HXB2, SC, Z6, Z2, ELI and CDC4. Test samples were obtained from 95 blood donors and medical examination attendees, 57 patients with chronic diarrhoea, 31 confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis, 16 with pneumonia and 12 herpes zoster. Out of the total, 21.5% had antibodies against the MN strain, 19.1% had against the Z2 strain while reaction against the HXB2 strain was observed in 17.2%. SC, CDC4, Z6 and ELI had prevalences of 11.5%, 6.2%, 5.3% and 3.8% respectively. Fifteen per cent of the tested sera showed no reaction to any of the used peptides. Strong and significant associations were observed between the total number of strains a sample react to and the clinical state. We infer that both the North American consensus strains (MN and HXB2) and the African isolates (Z2 and Z6) are predominant in Nairobi. The correlation between antibody reactivity and clinical state is an interesting observation that necessitates an expanded study and, the use of strain specific peptides maybe a sensitive and easier method for use for molecular epidemiological purposes. PIP: During January-March 1994, in Nairobi, Kenya, the sera of pre-university students, suspected AIDS/advanced HIV-infection cases, and blood donors were screened for HIV-1 antibodies at the Virus Research Centre. All confirmed HIV-1 positive samples were categorized according to the patient's clinical status. A self-made ELISA was obtained from an established panel of HIV-1 V3 loop peptides and derived from seven isolates (MN and HXB2 [North American strains], SC, CDC4, Z2 and Z6 [African strains], and ELI). The sera of the 22 confirmed HIV-1 negative students were used as negative controls. There were 207 confirmed HIV-1 cases (95 blood donors and 112 suspected AIDS/advanced HIV-infection cases). 64 (31%) and 112 (54%) samples reacted to at least 3 strains and no more than 2 strains, respectively. The remaining 31 (15%) samples did not react to any of the 7 peptide strains. Samples with CD4 cell counts greater than 500 x 1 million reacted significantly to more peptide strains than those with CD4 counts below 200 x 1 million (88% vs. 7%). Reactivity to specific strains were 21.5% for MN, 19.1% for Z2, 17.2% for HXB2, 11.5% for SC, 6.2% for CDC 4, 5.5% for Z6, and 3.8% for ELI. Anti-HXB2 antibodies were more common in blood donors than suspected AIDS/advanced HIV-infection cases (22% vs. 13%). AIDS/advanced HIV-infection cases were more likely to have no antibodies than blood donors (21% vs. 7%). A significant association existed between the number of peptide strains a patient could react to and the clinical state (p 0.01). Specifically, 77% of samples with no V3 antibodies to the seven strains had AIDS or advanced HIV infection while 55% of those which had cross reactivity with three or more strains were asymptomatic. Further research is needed to better understand this correlation. These findings suggest that use of strain specific peptides may be a sensitive and easier method for use for molecular epidemiological purposes.

R PROFLESANWILFRED. "The effects of crown margin location on the aesthetics and periodontal status of fluorosed teeth treated with jacket crowns. Afr Dent J. 1987 Oct;1(2):79-82.". In: Afr Dent J. 1987 Oct;1(2):79-82. International Journal of Climatology; 1987. Abstract
Ninety seven patients were examined for dental caries using two standard methods: (a) clinical examination based on WHO Basic Methods Oral Health surveys and (b) radiographic examination. Clinical examination method under records caries by upto 40%. Such under recording may give an impression of a decreasing caries prevalence in epidemiological studies.
Magutu PO, Ondimu GM. "Effects of Cybercrime on State Security:Types, Impact and Mitigations with the Fiber Optic Deployment In Kenya.". In: Journal of Information Assurance & Cybersecurity. IBIMA Publishing; 2011. Abstract

The identification of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as an essential tool for sustainable development has proved to be worth every investment. As a result of this, Internet usage in Kenya has grown rapidly resulting in the explosion of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Internet access points. The general objective of this study was to model the impact of Cybercrime on security in Kenya, Nairobi as the case study. This was a census study on modeling the effects of Cybercrime on the security in Nairobi. Thirty one (31) out of the 3ifty one (51) responded giving a response rate of 60.78% percent. It was found that the Cybercrime is prevalent in Nairobi although largely unreported. To a great extent, it was discovered that
Internet Service Providers had established basic measures in order to curb the growing cyberspace crimes; as spamming activities remain prevalent in Kenya. Also, to a great extent the Criminal Investigation department (CID) and Communications Commission of Kenya (CCK) have recognized that cybercrime is a growing threat to security in Nairobi and have collaborated with ISP’s to implement measures.
Keywords: State Security, Cybercrime, Types, Impact & Mitigations

Fitch W, MacKenzie ET, Harper AM. "Effects of decreasing arterial blood pressure on cerebral blood flow in the baboon. Influence of the sympathetic nervous system." Circ. Res.. 1975;37(5):550-7. Abstract

The influence of the sympathetic nervous system on the cerebral circulatory response to graded reductions in mean arterial blood pressure was studied in anesthetized baboons. Cerebral blood flow was measured by the 133Xe clearance method, and arterial blood pressure was decreased by controlled hemorrhage. In normal baboons, the constancy of cerebral blood flow was maintained until mean arterial blood pressure was approximately 65% of the base-line value; thereafter, cerebral blood flow decreased when arterial blood pressure was reduced. Superior cervical sympathectomy of 2-3 weeks duration did not affect the normal response. In contrast, both acute surgical sympathectomy (cervical trunk division) and alpha-receptor blockade (1.5 mg/kg of phenoxybenzamine) enhanced the maintenance of cerebral blood flow in the face of hemorrhagic hypotension in that cerebral blood flow did not decrease until mean arterial blood pressure was approximately 35% of the base-line value. The results indicate that the sympathetic nervous system is not involved in the maintenance of cerebral blood flow in the face of a fall in arterial blood pressure. Indeed, the implication is that the sympathicoadrenal discharge accompanying hemorrhagic hypotension is detrimental to, rather than responsible for, cerebral autoregulation.

Maloiy GMO;, Kanui TI;, Towett PK;, Wambugu SN;, Miaron JO;, Wanyoike MM. Effects of dehydration and heat stress on food intake and dry matter digestibility in East African ruminants.; 2008. Abstract

Comparative investigations were made between wild and domestic ruminants from arid and semi-arid regions and those species from non-arid areas in an attempt to evaluate the adaptations of these ruminants in terms of the effects of heat stress and dehydration on food intake and digestibility. The effect of (a) an intermittent heat load (a daily light cycle of 12 hat 22 "C and 12 hat 40 'C) compared to 22 'C throughout the day and (b) dehydration level of 15% weight loss, with and without the heat load, on the intake and digestibility of a poor quality hay was investigated in the Grant's gazelle, Oryx, the domestic Turkana goats, fat-tailed sheep, zebu cattle, Thomson's gazelle and wildebeest The intermittent heat load with water available ad libitum depressed the food intake of zebu cattle and Turkana goats by more than 40%. It had no significant effect on the food intake of the other species. The Thomson's and Grants gazelle, oryx, wildebeest and fat-tailed sheep appear well adapted to withstanding a periodic heat load. Dehydration at 22 'C caused a marked depression on food intake of all the species investigated. Dehydration together with a heat load caused no further reduction in the food intake by the Grants's gazelle, oryx, and goats but it did cause a further reduction in the intake in the other species. The small non-domestic ruminants (i.e. Grant's and Thomson's gazelle) appear much more digestive efficient than any of their domestic counterpart.

Maloiy⁎ GMO, Kanui TI, Towett PK, Wambugu SN, Miaron JO, Wanyoike MM. "Effects of dehydration and heat stress on food intake and dry matter digestibility inEast African ruminants." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A . 2008;151(2):185-190.abstract-maloiy_et_al..docx
Nasio NA, Saidi H. "Effects of delayed treatment on perforated peptic ulcers at Kenyatta National Hospital." Annals of African Surgery. 2012;9:37-41 .
Elly D, Kaijage ES. "Effects of Demand Side Factors on Access to External Finance by Small and Medium Manufacturing Enterprises in Nairobi, Kenya ." African development finance journal. 2017;1(1):44-6. Abstract

Abstract Purpose - This paper investigates how demand-side factors affect access to external finance by small and medium manufacturing enterprises (SMMEs) in Nairobi, Kenya. The demand-side factors considered in the study are firm characteristics, financial management practices and entrepreneur characteristics. Methodology - The study employs an exploratory survey design utilizing quantitative methods in data collection and analysis. Data is analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Logistic regression is used to test the relationship between demand-side factors and access to external finance because of the dichotomous nature of the dependent variable. Findings – The study establishes that some of the demand-side factors significantly influence access to external finance. These factors include variations in entrepreneur’s networks, firm growth and earnings volatility which explain variations in odds of access to external finance by 39.9 percent for networks and 45.8 percent for earnings volatility and firm growth. Implications – To minimize SMMEs financial constraints, social networking amongst entrepreneurs, firm growth and stabilized earning should be prioritized by management and policy makers. Though ethnic orientation influences the odds of access to external finance, policy efforts should be put in place to ensure efficiency in external financing markets so that entrepreneurs are not disenfranchised on this basis. Value - The study recommends establishment and support of sustainable social networks that guarantee enterprise growth given that firm growth also influence odds of access to external finance. Further studies should probe the significance of good financial management practices on odds of access to external finance in diverse settings and industries.

Waruiru RM;, Ngotho JW;, Weda EH, Mbuthia PG, Kogi JK. "Effects Of Development Of Resistance To Levamisole And Benzimidazole Anthelmintics On The Pathogenicity And Survival Of H. Contortus." Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa. 1998;46:133-138.Website
Kavoi BM, Gakuya DW, Mbugua PN, Kiama SG. "Effects of dietary Moringa oleifera leaf meal supplementation on chicken intestinal structure and growth performance." J. Morphol. Sci.. 2016;33:186-192.
Mwangi FM, Wanderi PM, Wamukoya EK, Onywera VO, Gitonga ER. "Effects of different arm kinematics on performance in long distance running." International journal of current research. 2011;3(6):185-190.
Bwana MO, Njagi LW, Nyaga PN, Mbuthia PG, Bebora LC, Wahome MW, Mutinda WU, Kitala PM. "Effects of different infectious Bursal disease vaccination regimes on biochemical and haematological parameters of indigenous chicken in Kenya." Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2017;29(5).
Bwana MO, Njagi LW, Nyaga PN, Mbuthia PG, Bebora LC, Wahome MW, Mutinda WU, Kitala PM. "Effects of different infectious Bursal disease vaccination regimes on biochemical and haematological parameters of indigenous chicken in Kenya. ." Livestock Research for Rural Development . 2017;29(5).
C KJ, O AN. "Effects of Distributed Generation penetration on system power losses and voltage profiles." International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2013;3(12):1-8. Abstractijsrp-p24585.pdf

In present times, the use of DG systems in large amounts in different power distribution systems has become very popular and is growing on with fast speed. Although it is considered that DG reduces losses and improves system voltage profile, this paper shows that this is not always true. The paper presents a GA-IPSO based approach which utilizes combined sensitivity factor analogy to optimally locate and size a multi-type DG in IEEE 57-bus test system with the aim of reducing power losses and improving the voltage profile. The multi-type DG can operate as; type 1 DG (DG generating real power only), type 2 DG (DG generating both real and active power) and type 3 DG (DG generating real power and absorbing reactive power). It further shows that though the system losses are reduced and the voltage profile improved with the location of the first DG, as the number of DGs increases this is not the case. It reaches a point where any further increase in number of DGs in the network results to an increase in power losses and a distortion in voltage profile.

Hussein AA. Effects of Disturbance on Small Mammals and vegetation Diversity in Oloolua Forest, Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya.: University of Nairobi.; 2009.
Waithaka SM, Ngugi JK, Kirago P. "Effects of dividend policy on share prices: A case of companies in Nairobi Securities Exchange." Prime Journal of Business Administration and Management (BAM). 2012;2(8):642-648. Abstracteffects_of_dividend_policy_on_share_prices-__a_case_of_companies_listed_on_nse.pdf

Dividend policy refers to management’s long-term decision on how to deploy cash flows from business activities-that is, how much to invest in the business, and how much to return to shareholders. The determination of the amount of dividends payable is an important decision that companies undertake since the objective of the firm is to maximize the shareholders’ wealth as measured by the price of the company’s common stock. The study concluded that higher pre-tax risk adjusted returns associated with higher dividend yield stocks to compensate investors for the tax
disadvantages of returns affected tax incentives and that investors whose portfolios had low systematic risk
preferred high-pay-out stocks. This was consistent with Brennan’s model (Brennan, 1970).The study also found out
that an increase in firms’ stocks trading volume affected the share price and investors who wanted current
investment income owned shares in high dividend payout firms and this was consistent with the findings of Botha (1985). The study further concludes that free cash flow caused conflict between management and shareholders which in turn affected the share price and that the executive option plan persuaded management to reduce corporate dividends by an amount that was equal to the option plan. This was consistence with the findings of Lambert, Lanen and Larker (1989). The study recommends that companies consider all pertinent issues before issuing dividends.Since the share market is positively responsive to the dividend announcement, companies should always strive to pay divided consistently for their shares to perform well at the stock exchange. Dividend policy have an effect on the share prices of the firms quoted at NSE thus, companies (firms) should pay dividends to maintain high share prices.

Abakiri D, Rose O, Anthony M. "Effects of Domestic Gender Roles on Pupils’ Performance in Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Public Primary Schools in Garba Tula District, Kenya ." Journal of Education and Practice . 2014;5( 2222-1735 (Paper) 2222-288X (Online)).
Ngecu W, MATHU ELIUDM, Onyancha C, Mwea S. "Effects of drilling deep tube wells in the urban areas of Nairobi city, Kenya." ARPN Journal of Earth Sciences. 2014;3(1). AbstractFull Text

The number of boreholes for abstracting water from aquifers beneath Nairobi City increased from 2 in the year 1927 to about 2500 in the year According to the Republic of Kenya Population and Housing Census, the urban population of Nairobi City increased from 29,864 in 1928 to 3,138,295 in Substantial groundwater drawdown has been noted in individual boreholes that supply the growing population in some localities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the variation in water rest levels across Nairobi City during the 80 year period and estimate the surface settlement that can result from groundwater exploitation. The groundwater static level variations in space and time were analysed on Surfer 9 software and the average rest levels in boreholes between 1927 and 2009 were calculated. Using the hydrogeological data obtained from drilling, an estimate of ground settlement that could result from continuous drawdown was made from formulae obtained from past studies done elsewhere. The results indicate that that the groundwater rest levels have dropped with an average of 79 m in the last 80 years and a probable settlement of m to 5.9 m could result from groundwater depletion from aquifers and clay aquitards over a long period of time. Between the ground surface and the clay aquitards are the dense Nairobi Phonolite and/or Nairobi Trachyte. The probable settlement of 5.9 m should serve as a wakeup call to put up measures that can mitigate subsidence and the related consequences in Nairobi City. Indeed, 67% of the drop in rest levels has occurred in the last two decades during which more than 1000 additional wells have been drilled. Keywords: tube wells, groundwater, abstraction, static level, settlement

Odundo PA, Ngaruiya B, Lilian GK, Nancy IA, Akondo JO. "Effects of Early and forced Girl Child marriage on Girls Education: A case study in Nyatike district migori county, kenya." World Journal of Education. 2015.
E K, J M. "Effects of East African Community integration on trade volume in the region." International Journal of Science, Arts and Commerce. 2017;2(9):23-37.
WAMBUI JANE. "The effects of Economic Liberalization measures on Women in Nairobi." Project paper for Winrock International; 1995. Abstract
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Wambugu A. "The effects of educational attainment on employment outcomes in Kenya." International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies. 2011;3(7):94-102.
AN K, Mutembei HM, Tsuma VT, Oduma JA. "Effects of Effluent Contaminated River Water on Testicular Histology of Mice." . Sch J Agric Vet Sci. 2016;3(6):411-415.
MWANGI MRMUREITHISTEPHEN. "The effects of enclosures for rehabilitating degraded semi-arid land in Lake Baringo Basin, Kenya. Mureithi, S.M., Verdoodt, A. and Van Ranst, E. In: Zdruli, P. and Constantini, E. (Eds). 2008. .". In: 5th International Conference on Land Degradation. Valenzano, Bari, Italy 18-22 September 2008. Pp 135-141 ISBN 2-85352-399-3. 5ILCD Proceedings; 2008. Abstract
Cities around the world are currently facing considerable pressure to cope with infrastructure provision amidst rapid urban development and economic growth. Kenya is also facing an increasing growth of informal settlements in her urban centres. As rapid urbanization takes its toll, so has the development and growth of slums. More than 34% of Kenya‟s total population lives in urban areas and of this, more than 71% is confined in informal settlements (UN-Habitat, 2009). This paper presents the result of study to assess the effects of the change in land use in two sub-catchments, in an urban area close to the Nairobi Central Business District (NCBD). The paper compares the change in land use of two regions in Nairobi, Kenya that are slowly changing due to the fast growing population and economy, on urban runoff.
and D.K. KIBOR NYAIMWANJERIOEK. "EFFECTS OF ENTERAL GLUTAMINE SUPPLEMENTATION ON REDUCTION OF INFECTION IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH SEVERE BURNS." East African Medical Journal . 2014;91(No.1). Abstract

EFFECTS OF ENTERAL GLUTAMINE SUPPLEMENTATION ON REDUCTION OF INFECTION IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH SEVERE BURNS
D.K. KIBOR, O.E. NYAIM and K. WANJERI
ABSTRACT
Objective: To determine the effect of enteral glutamine in reducing the incidence of post burn infections in patients with severe burns.
Design: A double blind randomised clinical trial.
Setting: Burns unit and ward 4D of Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya
Subjects: Sixty patients with severe burns who were randomised to two arms of treatment: (1) the glutamine group and (2) isonitrogenous arm acting as the control.
Results: Patients’ demographic and baseline clinical characteristics were similar in both arms of treatment. For the entire four-week treatment period, the odds ratio of a positive blood culture was almost three-fold higher among patients in the control group compared to those in the Glutamine group (p = 0.04). There was also a higher incidence of positive swab cultures from the non glutamine group.
Conclusion: Enteral glutamine supplementation in severely burnt adult patients reduces blood infection by a factor of three. It also significantly reduces the incidence of burn wound infections.

K DRMBURUMARYWAMBUI, S PROFIGONSANGWASHIBAIRO. "Effects of environment on Growth and Phenological Development of Pigeonpea (Cajanus Cajan) in Kenya.". In: Paper presented in the 6th Conference of the African Crop Science Society held in Nairobi, Kenya 12th to 17th October. University of Nairobi; 2003. Abstract
Kent papers in POlitics and International Relations, Series 4, No. 4.
K DRMBURUMARYWAMBUI, S PROFIGONSANGWASHIBAIRO. "Effects of environment on Growth and Phenological Development of Pigeonpea (Cajanus Cajan) in Kenya.". In: Paper presented in the 6th Conference of the African Crop Science Society held in Nairobi, Kenya 12th to 17th October. Taylor & Francis; 2003. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Hepatocellular carcinoma results when cancerous cells are localized in the liver. It is distributed globally with high prevalence in sub-Saharan African, southern Asia, China and Japan. Diagnosis is experimental and in many cases inaccurate due to unreliability of markers. Prognosis is poor and the cost of treatment prohibitive. Conventional radiation and chemotherapy lead to loss of hair, fertility and general weakening of the body`s immune system increasing a patient`s risk to infection. These observations underscore the need for improved, or additional methods of cancer diagnosis and management. We investigated the effect of polysaccharide rich Pleurotus pulmonarius fruit body extracts on progression of chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma in CBA mice. Addition of Pleurotus pulmonarius extracts in diet delayed progression of carcinogenesis suggesting   that these extracts may be useful as   adjuvants to conventional cancer therapies.   Key words: carcinogenesis; mice; mushroom extracts; pleurotus pulmunarius   Corresponding author: Ms Carolyne Wasonga, Department of Biochemistry, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi,  Kenya. E-mail: carox27@yahoo.ca     Charles O.A. Omwandho, Susanne E. Gruessner, John Falconer, Hans-R Tinneberg, Timothy K. Roberts. IS OVINE PLACENTAL IGG TOXIC TO HUMAN PERIPHERAL BLOOD NATURAL KILLER CELLS?
T
Wamichwe Joel Mwangi, Loise Gichuhi NMMM. "THE EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL BASED SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS ON ENROLLMENT OF MALE STUDENT IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KIRINYAGA COUNTY CENTRAL REGION OF KENYA." International Academic Journal of Social Sciences and Education. 2017;1(5).
E
and Mwangi W E, Mogoa E M N-MMJCM. "Effects of epidural Ketamine, Xylazine and their combination on body temperature in acepromazine-sedated dogs. ." International Journal of Advanced Research. 2014;2(4):336-340.
Mwangi W E, Mogoa E M N-MJ, CM M. "Effects of epidural Ketamine, Xylazine and their combination on body temperature in acepromazine-sedated dogs." International Journal of Advanced Research. 2014;2:336-340. Abstract
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Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Nguhiu-Mwangi J. "Effects of epidural xylazine, lidocaine and their combination on body temperature in acepromazine-sedated dogs." Tanzania Veterinary Journal. 2018;33:73-81. Abstract
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Urinayo, V., D. K. Kariuki, Opere A. "Effects of Erratic Rainfall on Water quality of Yanze River in Kigali, Rwanda." J. sustain. environ. peace . 2020;3 (2) :49-57.
Mwangi, J.W., Mbatia, O.L.E., Nzuma, M.J. "The Effects of Exchange Rate Liberalization in Kenya on French Beans Exports." International Journal of Business, Economics and Management. 2014;1(4):39-56.
Mwangi, J.W., Mbatia, O.L.E., Nzuma, M.J. "Effects of Exchange Rate Volatility on French Beans Exports in Kenya." Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development. 2014;1(1):1-12.
HM M, Kipyegon AN TVT. "Effects of Exposure to Effluent Contaminated River Water on Boar Reproduction." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2017;6(1):49-52.mutembei_and_kipyegon_2017.pdf
AN K, Mutembei HM, Tsuma VT, Oduma JA. "Effects of exposure to effluent contaminated river water on boar reproduction." Inter J Vet Sci. 2017;6(1):49-52.
Kaoga J, Ouma GO, Abuom P. "The Effects of Farm Pesticides on Water Bird Numbers in Lake Naivasha, Kenya." Journal of Environmental Science and Water Resources. 2013;2(7):203-209. AbstractUniversity of Nairobi

Lake Naivasha and its environs usually experience increased levels of pesticide application due to the rapid increase in acreage under flower production in the catchment. Previous studies have shown detectable levels of organo-chlorines residues; which is an indication of contamination. Organochlorines persist in the environment and bio accumulates in the body tissue of living organisms while, the organophosphates which have been adopted as an alternatives are highly toxic. Such occurrences are linked to the declining trends in water bird numbers witnessed earlier. The objectives of the present study were to determine pesticide residue concentrations of organophosphates and organo-chlorines and determine their effects on water bird numbers. The Lake was subjected to a cross-sectional study between the months of February to July, 2011. The sampling sites were selected on the basis of their uniqueness in the nature of discharge released into the Lake. There was no mathematical formula applied to calculate sample size, due to the discrete nature of variables. The water bird counts were recorded on Microsoft excel spread sheet and subjected to analysis while applying statistical package of social science (SPPS) using one way ANOVA at p<0.05. The study showed an upward trend in the
water bird numbers while Gas Liquid Chromatography technique showed non detectable limits for the targeted analytes. These results were good signs indicative of the Lake being on its pathway to restoration to the previous state of non-contamination. The study further, recommends that the government through its enforcement agencies should continue to carry out regular inspections on the ongoing human activities in the Lake and its environs to prevent sporadic contamination and discourage any further discharge of contaminants into the Lake. Moreover, this will enable the government to generate useful information for decision making purpose as they formulate policy framework for the protection, conservation and sustainable utilization of natural resources.
Key words: Organophosphates, organo-chlorines, Gas Liquid Chromatography, contamination.

Tsuma VT, Einarsson S, Madej A, Kindahl H. "Effects of fasting sows during early pregnancy on hormone patterns and embryonic survival." J. Reprod. Fertil. Abstract series. 1994;(14):27.
15. Ngaboyisonga, Njoroge K, Kirubi D, Githiri SM. "Effects of field conditions, low nitrogen and drought on genetic parameters of protein and tryptophan concentrations in grain of quality protein maize." International Journal of Plant Production. 2008;2:137-151.
Domtau DL, Simiyu J, Ayieta EO, Muthoka B, Nyakiti LO, Mwabora JM. "Effects of Film Thickness and Electrolyte Concentration on the Photovoltaic Performance of TiO2 Thin Films." Surface Reviews and Letters. 2016;24. Abstract

Effects of film thickness and electrolyte concentration on the photovoltaic performance of TiO2 based dye-sensitized solar cell were studied. Nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 thin films with varying thicknesses (3.2-18.9 µm) have been deposited on FTO/glass substrates by screen printing method as work electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The prepared samples were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy/scanning tunneling microscopy (AFM/STM) and x-ray diffraction. The optimal thickness of the TiO2 photoanode is 13.5 µm. Short-circuit photocurrent density (Jsc) increases with film thickness due to enlargement of surface area whereas open-circuit voltage decreases with increase in thickness due to increase in electron diffusion length to the electrode. However, the Jsc and Voc of DSSC with a film thickness of 18.9 µm (7.5 mA/cm2 and 0.687 V) are smaller than those of DSSC with a TiO2 film thickness of 13.5 µm (8.2 mA/cm2 and 0.711 V). This is because the increased thickness of TiO2 thin film resulted in the decrease in the transmittance of TiO2 thin films hence reducing the incident light intensity on the N719 dye. Photovoltaic performance also depends greatly on the redox couple concentration in iodide\triiodide. Jsc decreases as the redox concentration increases as a result of increased viscosity of the solution which lowers ion mobility.
Similarly, Voc decreases as the electrolyte concentration increases due to enhanced back electron transfer reaction. An optimum power conversion efficiency of 3.5 % was obtained in a DSSC with the TiO2 film thickness of 13.5 µm and redox concentrarion of 0.03 mol dm-3 under AM 1.5G illumination at 100 mW/cm2

NJERI WANGARIFAITH, Githaiga JM, MWALA AGGREYK. "The effects of fires on plants and wildlife species diversity and soil physical and chemical properties at Aberdare Ranges, Kenya." Asian Journal of Forestry. 2018;2(1).
Njogu RNE, Kariuki DK, D.M. K, F.N. W. "Effects of Foliar Fertilizer (NPK) Uptake in Tea Camellia sinensis on Tea Quality and Nutrient Residue Levels in Kenyan Highlands." American Journal of Plant Sciences. 2014;5(18):2707-2715.
S PROFIGONSANGWASHIBAIRO. "Effects of four biopesticides on the spider mite Tetranychus evansi. In press. Phytophaga, XIV: 1-8.". In: Paper presented in the International Edible Legume (IELC)/4th World Cowpea Congress held on 17 . Taylor & Francis; 2005. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Hepatocellular carcinoma results when cancerous cells are localized in the liver. It is distributed globally with high prevalence in sub-Saharan African, southern Asia, China and Japan. Diagnosis is experimental and in many cases inaccurate due to unreliability of markers. Prognosis is poor and the cost of treatment prohibitive. Conventional radiation and chemotherapy lead to loss of hair, fertility and general weakening of the body`s immune system increasing a patient`s risk to infection. These observations underscore the need for improved, or additional methods of cancer diagnosis and management. We investigated the effect of polysaccharide rich Pleurotus pulmonarius fruit body extracts on progression of chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma in CBA mice. Addition of Pleurotus pulmonarius extracts in diet delayed progression of carcinogenesis suggesting   that these extracts may be useful as   adjuvants to conventional cancer therapies.   Key words: carcinogenesis; mice; mushroom extracts; pleurotus pulmunarius   Corresponding author: Ms Carolyne Wasonga, Department of Biochemistry, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi,  Kenya. E-mail: carox27@yahoo.ca     Charles O.A. Omwandho, Susanne E. Gruessner, John Falconer, Hans-R Tinneberg, Timothy K. Roberts. IS OVINE PLACENTAL IGG TOXIC TO HUMAN PERIPHERAL BLOOD NATURAL KILLER CELLS?
Musembei LM, Bett RC, Gachuiri CK, Mbondo BK, Kibegwa FM. "Effects of freezing as a post-harvest storage technique on quality of Friesian crossbred cattle milk." African Journal of Food Science. 2021;45(7):298-303.
Musembei LM, Bett RC, Gachuiri CK, Mbondo BK, Kibegwa FM. "Effects of freezing as a post-harvest storage technique on quality of Friesian crossbred cattle milk." African Journal of Food Science. 2021;45(7):298-303.
Musembei LM, Bett RC, Gachuiri CK, Mbondo BK, Kibegwa FM. "Effects of freezing as a post-harvest storage technique on quality of Friesian crossbred cattle milk." African Journal of Food Science. 2021;15(7):298-303.
Wang’ombe DN, Mose BR, Maranga SM, MBUYA TM. "Effects of friction stir welding on microstructure and mechanical properties of extruded secondary aluminum 6061 alloy." Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik. 2021;52(3):270-278 . Abstracthttps://doi.org/10.1002/mawe.202000094

Experiments were carried out to determine the effects of friction stir welding on microstructure and properties of recycled Aluminum 6061 alloy, whose alloy content varied from that of primary alloy. The alloy was processed at tool speed and feed ranges of 530 rev/min–1320 rev/min and 40 mm/min–100 mm/min respectively. Microstructure examination; tensile test and Vickers microhardness evaluation were carried out. Microstructure of the alloy was in four zones including: base metal, heat affected zone, thermo-mechanically affected zone and stirred zone. Average grain size of unprocessed material was 93 μm. Processing the alloy at 530 rev/min and 100 mm/min resulted in grains of average size 93 μm, 183 μm and 7 μm; in base metal, heat affected zone and stirred zone respectively. Tensile failure occurred in heat affected zone; that was exposed to high heat. The alloy hardness decreased to a minimum in heat affected zone, followed by a brief rise in thermo-mechanically affected zone, to another maximum in stirred zone. Processed zone hardness was inversely proportional to tool speed and directly proportional to feed rate. Increase in the speed and decrease in feed, increased heat which deteriorated the properties.

Ondiaka SN, Masinde EW, Koenraadt CJM, Takken W, Wolfgang R Mukabana. "Effects of fungal infection on feeding and survival of Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) on plant sugars." Parasites & vectors. 2015;8(1):35.
NYAGAH GRACE, MBURU DAVIDNP. "EFFECTS OF GENDER ROLE PORTRAYAL IN TEXT BOOKS IN KENYAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS, ON PUPILS ACADEMIC ASPIRATIONS. ." PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY. 2012;47,2012(ISSN 1822-7864):100.
Nyagah DG, DNP Mburu. "Effects of gender role portrayal in textbooks in Kenyan primary schools, on pupils academic aspirations." Problems of Education in the 21st Century 47 journal. 2012.
Nyamongo GB. "Effects of Gender-Based |Violence: A Situation Analysis of the 2007 Post Election Ethnic Violence in Kenya .". In: Gender Violence: Mechanisms, Anti-Mechanisms, Interventions, and Evaluations. Linkoping: Linkoping University, Sweden, Swedish Research Council; 2011.
S S, P D, J.M K,.P G, E G, R.O MMN, Chemining’wa GN, Narla RD. "Effects of gibberellic acid (GA3) on sprouting and quality of potato seed tubers in diffused light and pit storage conditions." Biological Sciences . 2006;6(4):723-733.
S PROFIGONSANGWASHIBAIRO. "The effects of gibberellic acid (GA3) on sprouting and quality of potato seed tubers in diffused light and pit storage conditions. Journal of Biological Sciences, 6 (4): 723-733.". In: Journal of Plant Nutrition. Taylor & Francis; 2006. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Hepatocellular carcinoma results when cancerous cells are localized in the liver. It is distributed globally with high prevalence in sub-Saharan African, southern Asia, China and Japan. Diagnosis is experimental and in many cases inaccurate due to unreliability of markers. Prognosis is poor and the cost of treatment prohibitive. Conventional radiation and chemotherapy lead to loss of hair, fertility and general weakening of the body`s immune system increasing a patient`s risk to infection. These observations underscore the need for improved, or additional methods of cancer diagnosis and management. We investigated the effect of polysaccharide rich Pleurotus pulmonarius fruit body extracts on progression of chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma in CBA mice. Addition of Pleurotus pulmonarius extracts in diet delayed progression of carcinogenesis suggesting   that these extracts may be useful as   adjuvants to conventional cancer therapies.   Key words: carcinogenesis; mice; mushroom extracts; pleurotus pulmunarius   Corresponding author: Ms Carolyne Wasonga, Department of Biochemistry, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi,  Kenya. E-mail: carox27@yahoo.ca     Charles O.A. Omwandho, Susanne E. Gruessner, John Falconer, Hans-R Tinneberg, Timothy K. Roberts. IS OVINE PLACENTAL IGG TOXIC TO HUMAN PERIPHERAL BLOOD NATURAL KILLER CELLS?
M PROFKIMANIPAUL. "Effects of growth regulators and genotypes on pyrethrum in vitro. In Vitro Cell. Development Biology-Plant 41: 162-166.". In: Africa Journal of Science and Technology, Series A, 5(1), 6-14. EAMJ; 2005. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
Karori CW, Mulewa AK, Ombuki C, Migosi JA. "Effects of head teachers’ leadership styles on the performance of examinations in public primary schools in Kikuyu District, Kenya." International Journal of Educational Research and Reviews. 2013;1(4):53-65.
Onyango DW;, Wango EO;, Odongo H;, Mugweru J;, Okindo E. "Effects Of Heptachlor On Rat Plasma LH, Testosterone And Cortisol Levels, And Testicular Structure.".; 1998.
Onyango DW;, Wango EO;, Odongo H;, Mugweru J;, Okindo E. "Effects Of Heptachlor On Rat Plasma LH, Testosterone And Cortisol Levels, And Testicular Structure.".; 1998.
Barasa B, Kakembo V, Mwololo Waema T, Laban M. "Effects of heterogeneous land use/cover types on river channel morphology in the Solo River catchment, Eastern Uganda." Geocarto International Journal. 2015.
Hutchinson MJ, Ouko JR, Ambuko J, Owino WO, Subramanian J. "Effects of hexanal dip on the post-harvest shelf life and quality of papaya (Carica papaya L.) fruit." Tropical Agriculture . 2018;95(1):43-70.abstract.pdf
Hutchinson MJ, Ouko JR, Ambuko J, Owino WO, Subramanian J. "Effects of hexanal dip on the post-harvest shelf life and quality of papaya (Carica papaya L.) fruit." Tropical Agriculture. 2018;95. Abstract
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P. PROFMUREITHILEOPOLD. "The Effects of Higher Energy Costs on the Balance of Payments Employment Technology Choice and Real Incomes in Kenya with particular Emphasis on Machakos District a Report to the Ford Foundation with W. M Mwangi and H. Fieldstein.". In: Gabbay R. &Siddique A., ed., Good Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: The Indian Ocean Region (New Delhi: Vedams Books). ISCTRC; 1983. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
T-S F, M. DRGUANTAIERIC, M. N, et al. "Effects of highly active novel artemisinin–chloroquinoline hybrid compounds on β-hematin formation, parasite morphology and endocytosis in Plasmodium falciparum. ." Biochem. Pharmacol. . 2011;82 :236-247. Abstract

4-Aminoquinolines were hybridized with artemisinin and 1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives via the Ugi four-component condensation reaction, and their biological activities investigated. The artemisinin-containing compounds 6a–c and its salt 6c-citrate were the most active target compounds in the antiplasmodial assays. However, despite the potent in vitro activities, they also displayed cytotoxicity against a mammalian cell-line, and had lower therapeutic indices than chloroquine. Morphological changes in parasites treated with these artemisinin-containing hybrid compounds were similar to those observed after addition of artemisinin. These hybrid compounds appeared to share mechanism(s) of action with both chloroquine and artemisinin: they exhibited potent b-hematin inhibitory activities; they caused an increase in accumulation of hemoglobin within the parasites that was intermediate between the increase observed with artesunate and chloroquine; and they also appeared to inhibit endocytosis as suggested by the decrease in the number of transport vesicles in the parasites. No cross-resistance with chloroquine was observed for these hybrid compounds, despite the fact that they contained the chloroquinoline moiety. The hybridization strategy therefore appeared to be borrowing the best from both classes of antimalarials.

Erick Kipkoech Rutto, Joshua Nyagol, Julius Oyugi, Samson Ndege, Noel Onyango, Obala A, Chrispinus J Simiyu, Gye Boor, Winfrida Chelangat Cheriro, Otsyula B, Estambale B. "Effects of HIV-1 infection on malaria parasitemia in milo sub-location, western Kenya." BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:303. Abstract

Malaria and HIV infections are both highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, with HIV-infected patients being at higher risk of acquiring malaria. HIV-1 infection is known to impair the immune response and may increase the incidence of clinical malaria. However, a positive association between HIV-1 and malaria parasitaemia is still evolving. Equally, the effect of malaria on HIV-1 disease stage has not been well established, but when fever and parasitemia are high, malaria may be associated with transient increases in HIV-1 viral load, and progression of HIV-1 asymptomatic disease phase to AIDS.

EK R, J N, J O, S N, N O, A O, CJ S, G B, WC C, B O, B E. "The effects of HIV-1 infection on malaria parasitemia in milo sub-location, western Kenya." BMC Res Notes.. 2015;8:303.
Nyagol J, Leucci E ODFTSTAGCF, Palummo N, Pacenti L SSGMLPLGRDPL. "The effects of HIV-1 Tat protein on cell cycle during cervical carcinogenesis." Cancer Biol Ther. . 2006;5(6):684-90.
J N, E L, A O, G DF, C T, F S, M T, N P, L P, R S, D S, P G, L M, S L, F P, Leoncini L, A G. "The Effects of HIV-1 Tat Protein on Cell Cycle during Cervical Carcinogenesis." Cancer Biol Ther. . 2006;5(6):684-90.
Nyagol J, Leucci E, Onnis A, De Falco G, Tigli C, Sanseverino F, Torriccelli M, Palummo N, Pacenti L, Santopietro R, Spina D, Gichangi P, Muchiri L, Lazzi S, Petraglia F, Leoncini L, Giordano A. "The effects of HIV-1 Tat protein on cell cycle during cervical carcinogenesis." Cancer Biol. Ther.. 2006;5(6):684-90. Abstract

The role of HPV in the carcinogenesis of intraepithelial and invasive anogenital lesions is currently well established. E6 and E7 oncoproteins of high-risk HPV genotypes are known to inactivate p53 and pRb pathways. Several studies have described an increased prevalence and recurrence of both cervical HPV infection and invasive cervical cancer among HIV-1 positive women compared to HIV-1 negative cases. For these reasons, cervical cancer is considered an AIDS-defining neoplasm. Unlike other AIDS-associated neoplasms, the occurrence of cervical cancer is independent of immune suppression. HIV-1 infection in patients with high grade precancerous lesions and invasive cervical cancers results in a therapy refractory and more aggressive disease phenotype, which is not yet well understood at the molecular level. An upregulation of HPV E6 and E7 gene expressions by HIV-1 proteins such as Tat has been documented by some authors. However, the role of HIV-1 in cervical carcinomas is still unclear. It is already known that HIV-1 Tat protein is able to influence cell cycle progression. Altogether, these facts led us to investigate the effects of Tat on the expression of cell cycle regulator genes. After transfection of HeLa cells with Tat, we analyzed the expression of cell cycle regulators from these cells by IHC and Real-time PCR. A significant reduction in the expression of cell cycle inhibitors of transcription and an increase in the levels of proliferation markers were observed. These results suggest that HIV-1 may enhance cervical carcinogenesis by promoting cell cycle progression. We also found that this HIV-1 Tat-induced cell proliferation was not dependent on the E2F family of transcription factors, and therefore postulate that Sp factors may be involved.

Kibui AW, Mwaniki B, Kahiga R, Gichuhi L. "Effects of HIV/AIDS on Academic Performance of Pre-school Children in Kijabe Location, Kiambu County, Kenya." International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology. 2015;Vol. 2. No. 3:17-25.
Ms Pauline Wangui Gicharu, Agnes Wanja Kibui MBMRKLG. "Effects of HIV/AIDS on Academic Performance of Pre-school Children in Kijabe Location, Kiambu County, Kenya." International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology. 2015;2.
Bett MC, Muchai M, Waweru C. "Effects of human activities on birds and their habitats as reported by forest user groups in and around North Nandi Forest, Kenya." Scopus: Journal of East African Ornithology. 2017;37:24-31. Abstract
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JOAB PROFBWAYOJOB. "Effects of human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection on microbial origina of pelvic inflammatory disease and on efficacy of ambulatory oral therapy Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Stevens CE, Sinei S, Reilly M, Grieco V, Eschenbach DA, Holmes KK, Bwayo JJ, Ndinya-ach.". In: Am J Obstet gynecol. 1999 Dec; 181(6): 1374-81. Asian Economic and Social Society; 1999. Abstract
Background. The host immune response against mucosally-acquired pathogens may be influenced by the mucosal immune milieu during acquisition. Since Neisseria gonorrhoeae can impair dendritic cell and T cell immune function, we hypothesized that co-infection during HIV acquisition would impair subsequent systemic T-cell responses.   Methods. Monthly screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) was performed in high risk, HIV seronegative Kenyan female sex workers as part of an HIV prevention trial. Early HIV-specific CD8+ T cell responses and subsequent HIV viral load set point were assayed in participants acquiring HIV, and were correlated with the presence of prior genital infections during HIV acquisition.   Results. Thirty-five participants acquired HIV during follow up, and 16/35 (46%) had a classical STI at the time of acquisition. N. gonorrhoeae co-infection was present during HIV acquisition in 6/35 (17%), and was associated with an increased breadth and magnitude of systemic HIV-specific CD8+ T-cell responses, using both interferon- (IFNg) and MIP-1 beta (MIP1b) as an output. No other genital infections were associated with differences in HIV-specific CD8+ T cell response, and neither N. gonorrhoeae nor other genital infections were associated with differences in HIV plasma viral load at set point.   Conclusion. Unexpectedly, genital N. gonorrhoeae infection during heterosexual HIV acquisition was associated with substantially enhanced HIV-specific CD8+ T-cell responses, although not with differences in HIV viral load set point. This may have implications for the development of mucosal HIV vaccines and adjuvants.
Otieno MM, Keinan HM. "Effects of Human-Wildlife Conflict on Food Security: A case of Kwale County, Kenya." international journal of research in computer application & management. 2013.
Otuoma J, Kinyamario J, Ekaya W, Kshatriya M, Nyabenge M. Effects of human–livestock–wildlife interactions on habitat in an eastern Kenya rangeland.; 2009.
Kahiga RW, Oyier CR, Odundo PA, Ganira KL. "Effects of ICT integration in management of private secondary schools in Nairobi County, Kenya: Policy options and practices." World Journal of Education. 2015;5(6):14-22.
IKIARA MRGERRISHONK. "The Effects of Increased Energy Costs on Balance of Payments and Real Incomes in Kenya.". In: ILO Proejct paper. Asian Economic and Social Society; 1982. Abstract
JASPA Working Paper, ILO, Addis Ababa
Ayonga Jeremiah, Kiilu Faith OS(2017). "Effects of Informal Land Development on the Urban Environment: A case Study of Langas in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya." Africa HABITAT Review. 2017;11(11)(ISSN 2519-78512.):pp 1085-1090.
W.A 1. O, GN C’wa, J.I K, P.N N. "Effects of inorganic nutrient P and N application on Azolla biomass growth and nutrient uptake." International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research. 2019;14 (02):1-9.
J.J Muturi, J.P Mbugi MLMNGJMJJ. "Effects of integrated soil fertility management interventions on the abundance and diversity of soil collembola in Embu and Taita Districts, Kenya." Tropical & Sub-tropical Agroecosystems. 2011;Vol. 13:pp 11 to 27.
J.J Muturi, J.P Mbugi, J.M Mueke, Lagerlof J, J.K Mungatu, Nyamasyo G, Gikungu M. "Effects of integrated soil fertility management interventions on the abundance and diversity of soil collembola in Embu and Taita Districts, Kenya." Tropical & Sub-tropical Agroecosystems. 2011;13(1):37-42.
Nyagari E, Onyango CM, Onwong’a RN. "EFFECTS OF INTERCROPPING ARRANGEMENTS AND FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF AFRICAN NIGHTSHADE (Solanum nigrum L.) IN KISII COUNTY, KENYA." International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research. 2016;2(5):1069-1083.
W PROFNJENGALYDIAH. "Effects of interfering ions on hexamethyldisiloxane microdiffusion method'.". In: Talanta 44 1729-1733. UoN; 1997. Abstract

ABSTRACT

Acid diffusion in the presence of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDS) enables complete recovery of ionic fluoride fromstandards containing varying concentrations of aluminium as one of the main interfering ions. Acid diffusion withoutHMDS shows a decrease in fluoride recovery as aluminium ion concentration increases. The fluoride concentrationin the trapping solution is determined directly on the diffusion cover with a combination fluoride electrode afterneutralising and buffering. The same procedure was used for the analysis of fluoride in soil and plant materialscontaining high concentrations of aluminium ions. For the same samples, the concentrations of aluminium, iron andsilicon were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). © 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

Keywords: HMDS microdiffusion; Interfering ions; GLC

OTIENO PROFMALOJ. "The effects of Intermolecular Interaction in Line Broadening Phenomena.". In: J. Molecular Physics. University of Nairobi Press; 2017. Abstract

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Huang RF, Kimilu RK, Hsu CM. "Effects of jet pulsation intensity on a wake-stabilized non-premixed jet flame in crossflow." Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science. 2016;78:153-166.
GITHINJI EDWARD, IRUNGU LUCY, Ndegwa P, ATIELI FRANCIS, MACHANI MAXWEL. "Effects of kdr gene frequencies on major malaria vectors’ resting behaviour in Teso sub-counties, western Kenya." THE KASH 7 ABSTRACT SUBMISSION. 2017.
GITHINJI EDWARD, IRUNGU LUCY, Ndegwa P, ATIELI FRANCIS, MACHANI MAXWEL. "Effects of kdr gene frequencies on major malaria vectors’ resting behaviour in Teso sub-counties, western Kenya." THE KASH 7 ABSTRACT SUBMISSION. 2017.
Kimani S.T, Patel N.B KPG. "Effects of Khat (Catha edulis) extract on acquisition and reversal learning and memory in CBA mice.". In: European Science Foundation Research Conferences. Linkoping, Sweden; 2009.

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