J.A. Nguhiu-Mwangi, P.M.F. Mbithi, D.O. Kihurani, S.M. Mbiuki (1999). Prognostic indicators and economic implications of advanced bovine ocular squamous cell carcinoma after radical surgery. The Kenya Veterinarian 14 , 23-25.

Citation:
PROF. MBITHI PMF. "J.A. Nguhiu-Mwangi, P.M.F. Mbithi, D.O. Kihurani, S.M. Mbiuki (1999). Prognostic indicators and economic implications of advanced bovine ocular squamous cell carcinoma after radical surgery. The Kenya Veterinarian 14 , 23-25.". In: 4th TICH Annual Scientific Conference Kisumu, Kenya. AWC and FES; 1999.

Abstract:

The productive life span of animals is shortened and the carcass devaluated by ocular squamous cell carcinoma. This causes remarkable economic losses in the cattle industry, particularly because the disease is most common at the peak of production (Farris and Fraunfelder 1976; cordy 1978). The carcinoma lesion initially involves the third eyelid, then spreads to the globe (Fox 1963), the eyelids (spradbrow and Hoffmann 1980), and even the orbital bones (Brier, Kleinschuster, and Corbett 1979).

Notes:

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