THE INCIDENCE OF NOSOCOMIAL URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS: KENYATTA NATIONAL HOSPITAL - INTENSIVE. CARE UNIT

Citation:
Theresa O. "THE INCIDENCE OF NOSOCOMIAL URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS: KENYATTA NATIONAL HOSPITAL - INTENSIVE. CARE UNIT." Baraton Interdisciplinary Research Journal. 2011;1(2):12-21.

Abstract:

Banton InterdiscipUnary Research Journal (lOll) J (1), 11 - 21
THE INCIDENCE OF NOSOCOMIAL URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS: KENYATTA
NATIONAL HOSPITAL - INTENSIVE. CARE UNIT
'*HannahK. Inyama, 2Gunturu Revathi, lJoyce Musandu and "Theresa Odero
'*Department of Nursing Sciences, Kenyatta University
P.O BOX 356, Tiriki-50309, Kenya. hannahinyamaI23@yahoo.com
2Department of Pathology.
The Aga Khan University Hospital,
3rd Parklands Avenue,
P.O Box 30270-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
lSchool of Nursing Sciences, University of Nairobi
P.O. BOX 19676 Nairobi-00202, Kenya
*Corresponding author
BIRJ-MS-11-2-10A
Abstract
Urinary tract infectionsfl.II'Is) are the most common nosocomial infections in both. acute care
settings and long-term care facilities. Each year millions of urethral catheters are put in place in these
facilities across the United States. In the acute care settings a vast majority of UTIs occur in patients
with temporary urinary catheters. Nosocomial catheter-associated urinary tract infections (NCAUTls). .i
. .' . .
have been one of the major problems in the Intensive care uniC(ICU} and hav~ contributed to the
mortality and morbidity of the patients. Efforts to contain theproblem have resulted in the introduction
of guidelines to reduce the incidence and prevalence of the nosocomial UTI. Such measures have been.
implemented in the developed world; unfortunately the developing countries have not.duplicated the same.
This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Urine samples were collected and analyzed
in the laboratory for growth of microorganisms to determine the incidence of NCAUTls.
The findings of the study indicate that the Incidence of NCAUTI was determined
to be' 18% with the common isolated microorganism being Escherichia coli.
It recommended that there was need for judicious use. 'of antibiotics to . prevent
.~
drug resistance and that a procedure and policy on the management of a, patient. '.~
with a urinary catheter should be developed and made available for' use 10 the ICU. .~
".
Key Words: incidence, nosocomial infections, catheter associated UTI, ICU

UoN Websites Search