Charcoal production and strategies to enhance its sustainability in Kenya

Citation:
Njenga M, Karanja N, Munster C, Iiyama M, Neufeldt H, Kithinji J, Jamnadass R. "Charcoal production and strategies to enhance its sustainability in Kenya." Development in Practice. 2013;23(3):359-371.
In sub-Saharan Africa, 72 per cent of urban and 98 per cent of rural households use fuelwood for
energy.InKenyauseofcharcoalinurbanareashasrisenby64percentintwodecades.Despitethe
charcoal industry providing employment to 500,000 people and generating over US$427 million
that benefits grassroots communities, it has been kept out of the formal economies of this
country. This review presents the status of the charcoal industry in Kenya, highlighting its contri-
bution to livelihoods, production, utilisation, and implications for the environment; policy issues;
andstakeholders’involvement.Thereviewalsoproposesstrategiestoimprovethesustainabilityof

this sector

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