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NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Application of Participatory Appraisal Methods in Regional Planning. A paper prepared with Mr. Z. Maleche for a Workshop on Participatory Rural Appraisal Methods. Nairobi, July 30-31. 1992.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1992. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

Ndegwa SK. The effects of share splits on long run stock returns for companies listed at the Nairobi securities exchange. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013. Abstract

Share splits are a common corporate event among listed companies. Though it is
commonly practiced it has been described as a mere accounting change that increases
the number of shares outstanding without any benefit to the shareholders. This study
sought to determine the effects of share splits on long run stock returns among listed
companies at the Nairobi securities Exchange. The study covered returns for twenty
four months after the company had undergone a share split. The study therefore
sampled firms that had been in operation for at least twenty four months after they
had undergone a share split. There were eleven firms listed at the NSE that fulfilled
this condition and were therefore sampled for this study.
The study used the long run study methodology and applied the buy and hold
benchmark approach. The method required the identification of the event firm and its
benchmark firm and comparing the returns achieved by each of these firms
correspondingly for the same month. Secondary data obtained from the Nairobi
Securities Exchange was used in this study. The data consisted of monthly opening
and closing share prices of each of the sampled firms together with those of its
identified benchmark firm for the entire twenty four months of the study. The study
method required the determination of each of the sampled event firm’s monthly buy
and hold returns and comparing these returns with those of its benchmark firm, which
acted as a proxy for the market. The benchmark firm was identified as another firm
which had not undergone a share split and was within 70% to 130% of the share
capital of the event firm at the time of the event firm’s share split, and has a book to
market equity (BE/ME) ratio that is closest to that of the event firm. The monthly
returns of the event firm are then compared with those of its benchmark firm. The
difference in the monthly returns achieved by the paired firms constitutes the buy and
hold abnormal return (BHAR) for the event firm. The buy and hold abnormal returns
for each firm were then tested for difference from zero at 5% significance level in
order to determine whether there is any difference between the returns of the event
firm and the returns of its benchmark firm.
The study found that among all the eleven firms sampled; only two firms achieved a
positive mean buy and hold abnormal return of 1.89% and 3.72% respectively. The
other nine firms representing 82% of the sampled firms achieved a mean negative buy
and hold abnormal returns ranging from -4.94 % to -0.14 %. These returns were
however found to be insignificant at 95% confidence level. This implies that there
was no significant difference between the returns achieved by the event firm and the
returns achieved by its benchmark firm for the period under study. The study
therefore concluded that share splits at the Nairobi securities exchange have
insignificant effects on stock returns for the first two years following a share split.
However further studies on its effects on periods longer than two years would be
recommended in order to develop a hypothesis. The criteria for the choice of the
benchmark firm would also need to include a consideration of the industry in which
the event firm is operating in order to allow for proper benchmarking of the paired
firms returns. Firms from the same industry would be affected by market conditions in
the same way.

NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Grassroots Participation and Development in Kenya: Empowering Local Communities. A paper presented at n conference organised by The Swiss Society ol African Studies. Hern. Switzerland. 5 -13 May. 1994.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1994. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Actors and Land Use Planning in the Upper Ewaso Ng'iro Basin (1996) in B. Soltas (Id) Actor Orientation in Resource Management. A Reader. Contributions to the ASP Bern Workshop, February29-March 2 1996.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1996. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

Ndegwa L, Karimurio J, Okelo R, Adala H. "Barriers to utilization of eye care services among slum dwellers of Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya East Afr. Med." East Afr Med J. 2005;82:506-508. Abstract

Objectives: To identify the main barriers to utilisation of eye care services among the slum population of Kibera in Nairobi, Kenya.
Design: Community based survey
Setting: Kibera Slums, Nairobi City, Kenya
Subjects: Randomly selected 1,438 Kibera slum dwellers aged over 2 years.
Results: Majority of subjects 83.3% do not utilise the nearby well-established eye clinics. Twenty one percent of those with poor vision do not seek treatment at all. The main barriers to seeking eye care services were lack of money, ignorance, and the problem not causing much discomfort to warrant medical attention. There was significant, association between the level of education and health seeking behaviour (P = 0.008).
Conclusions: Majority of Kibera slum dwellers have no access to eye care.
Recommendation: There is need to establish a comprehensive Primary Eye Care project to provide low cost but quality services affordable to Kibera slum dwellers.

NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Ndegwa and others (1998) Stakeholders in the Limelight: Principles of Actor-Centred Resource Management. Eastern and Southern Africa Geographical Journal. Vol.8. Special Number.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1998. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

Ndegwa PN. Studies on ecology and epidemiological significance of Glossina swynnertoni Austen in Masai Mara, Kenya. Mihok S, Oyieke F, eds. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 1997.
NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Environmental aspects of Industrial Development. Nairobi. 1978. Paper presented at a "Land Use.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1978. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

NDEGWA PROFGAKUULAWRENCE. "Gakuu LN. Recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder. East Afr Med J. 1997 Jan;74(1):12-3.". In: East Afr Med J. 1997 Jan;74(1):12-3. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 1997. Abstract
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Results of recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder are reported. The procedures used were mainly Putti-Plat in 35 patients; Eden-Hybinette in five patients and Webers derotation osteotomy of the humerus in five patients. Recurrence rates in the 45 patients reviewed and followed up at three years post-operatively were: six in Putti-Plat and two in Eden-Hybinette and none in Webers osteotomy patients. Clinically, the functional post-operative results were "excellent" in 32 patients (71%), "satisfactory" in eight patients (18%); while they were "unsatisfactory" in three patients and "poor" in two patients. There were no appreciable differences depending on the operative method used. Radiologically, the Hill-Sachs defect on the posterolateral aspect of the humeral head was seen in 30 patients (67%) while Bankarts lesion of the glenoid rim osteoarthritis was seen in five patients (11%), while rotator cuff calcification was seen in nine patients (20%).
Ndegwa, R., E Ayieta, Simiyu J, Odero N. "A Simplified Simulation Procedure and Analysis of a Photovoltaic Solar System Using a Single Diode Model." Journal of Power and Energy Engineering. 2020;8(9):65-93.
NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Management of Future Cities (2000) A paper presented ;it he AAK 2000 Convention. Safari Park I Intel. 21-29 June 2000.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 2000. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

Ndegwa PN. Lecture Notes on Invertebrate Zoology. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2003.Website
NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Service Centres and Rural Development in Kenya: Paper written lor the Overseas Development Agency. 1985.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1985. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

NDEGWA PROFGAKUULAWRENCE. "Gakuu LN. Post-operative pyrexia in an orthopaedic unit. East Afr Med J. 1997 Aug;74(8):530-2.". In: East Afr Med J. 1997 Aug;74(8):530-2. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 1997. Abstract
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. The causes of post operative pyrexia in an orthopaedic unit was studied prospectively in 520 patients who underwent surgery. Two hundred patients (38.4%) developed postoperative pyrexia as defined by having recorded high temperatures of over 38 degrees C on two occasions within 24 hours (excluding the first 24 hours post-operatively). The commonest causes of post-operative pyrexia were wound infection in 70 (13.4%), respiratory tract infections in 40 (7.6%) and malaria in 30 (5.7%) patients, while other causes were urinary tract infection in 20 (3.8%), thrombophlebitis in 15 (2.8%) and deep vein thrombosis in 15 (2.8%) of the patients; while ten (1.9%) patients had pyrexia of undetermined cause despite exhaustive clinical and laboratory workup. The other associated conditions in patients who developed pyrexia were diabetes mellitus in 20 (3.8%), HIV seropositivity and malignancy in 30 (5.7%) and six (1.1%) patients, respectively.
Ndegwa PN, Mihok S, Oyieke FA. "Habitat Preference and Activity Patterns of Glossina swynnertoni Austen (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Aitong, Masai Mara, Kenya." Insect Science & it’s Application. 2001;21(2):113-122.
Ndegwa W. "Case for Pre-Trials in Criminal Procedure in Kenya.". In: Liverpool Law Society Journal .; 2009.
NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Ndegwa E.N. (2001) Framework for Human Settlements Data Analysis. A paper Presented at the Training Workshop on District Planning and Plan Preparation in Kenya held at Nyahururu Lodge. Kenya from 26 February-2 March 2001.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 2001. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Ndegwa E. (1989) Institutional Arrangements for Regional (Sub-national) Development Planning: Case study from Kenya. United Nations Centre for I Ionian Settlements (Habitat) Nairobi.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1989. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

NDEGWA DRGICHUKIFRANCIS. "Gichuki, F.N. 1988. Users."; 1988. Abstract
n/a
Ndegwa EN, Mulei CM, Munyua SJM. "Risk Factors Associated With Subclinical Sub-acute Mastitis In Dairy Goats In Central Kenya.". 2001. Abstract

The prevalence of udder infections in clinically normal mammary gland halves of 315 dairy goats was determined over a three-month period by bacteriological examination. The most prevalent bacteria were Staphylococcus spp. (63.6%) followed by Micrococcus spp (17.7%). Of the Staphylococcus spp, coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most prevalent isolates (64.3%). Other bacteria were Acinetobactor spp. (5%), Actinomyces spp. (5%), and Streptococcus spp. (1.1%). The overall prevalence of intra-mammary bacterial infection was 28.7%. The effects of the type of the doe (milking/suckling), litter size, parity, type of housing, stage of lactation and milking hygiene on intra-mammary infection was determined using logistic multiple regression. The infection status of the udder was significantly influenced (p<0.05) by the type of housing and the milking hygiene. The does housed on earth floors were significantly (p<0.05) at a higher risk (odd ratio 9.9) of having bacteria isolated from their udders than the does housed in raised timber floors. Does that were not routinely washed with warm water before milking had significantly higher (p<0.05) intra-mammary bacterial infections (odd ratio 2.5) than those washed and dried with individual towels.

NDEGWA PROFELIJAHNJUGUNA. "Promoting Sustainability: The Role of Planning. Case Study of District Planning in Kenya. A paper presented at the Global Forum Academic Conference in Manchester. U.K. 29 I h. June- I St. July 1994.". In: Community Diagnosis and Health Action. A manual for Tropical and Rural areas. Chapter 15. PP130 . African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1994. Abstract

{ OBJECTIVES To compare sociodemographic profiles, child care, child feeding practices and growth indices of children born to HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative mothers. METHODS: A cohort study of 234 children (seropositive and seronegative) born to HIV-1 seropositive mothers and 139 children born to seronegative mothers in Pumwani Maternity Hospital which serves a low-income population in Nairobi, Kenya from December 1991 and January 1994. RESULTS: With few exceptions, at the time of their birth children in all three cohorts had parents with similar characteristics, lived in similar housing in similar geographical areas, had their mothers as their primary care givers, had similar feeding practices and similar growth status and patterns. However, the HIV-1 seropositive mothers were slightly younger (23.8 years vs. 25.0 years, P < 0.01), if married they were less likely to be their husband's first wife (79% vs. 91%

Ndegwa P, S. M, F.A. O. "Habitat preferences and activity patters of Glossina swynnertoni. Austen in Maasai Mara." Insect Science and its Application . 2001;2(2):113-122.
Ndegwa P.N, Amayo A.A QKZACS. "Serum CRP in patients with PET." ClinChem. 2005;(51):A89.
Ndeke AN, Mutembei HM, Kaingu CK, Muthee JK. "Effect of Acetamınophen on Ovulation and Implantation in Female Mice." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2021;10(2):141-143.
Ndeke AN, Mutembei HM, Kaingu CK, Muthee JK. "International Journal of Veterinary Science.". 2020. Abstract
n/a
Ndeke AN, Mutembei HM, Tsuma VT, Mutiga ER. "Reproductive Performance of the Galla and Toggenburg Goats and their Crosses in Mwingi Sub-county of Kenya." Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology. 2015;1:78-83. Abstract
n/a
Ndeke AN, Mutembei HM TVTMER. "Reproductive performance of the Galla and Toggenburg goats and their crosses in Mwingi sub-county of Kenya." Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology. 2015;1(6):78-83.mutembei-ndeke_2015_-_ngala_goat_reproduction.pdf
and Ndeke AN*1, 4 MHM1 KCK2 MJK1 BOAMZ3. "Effect of Acetaminophen on the Estrous Cycle and Reproductive Hormones of Female Mice." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2022;11(3):392-395.392-395.pdf
and Ndeke AN1, 3 MHM1 KCK2 MJK1. "Effect of Acetamınophen on Ovulation and Implantation in Female Mice." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2021;10(2):141-143.141-143.pdf
Ndereeh D, Muchemi G, Thaiyah A, Jowers MJ. "Molecular survey of Coxiella burnetti in wildlife and ticks at wildlife-livestock interfaces in Kenya." Experimental and Applied acarology. 2017;72:277-289.
Ndereeh D, Muchemi G, Thaiyah A. "Knowledge, attitudes and Practices towards Spotted Fever Group rickettiosis and Q-Fever in Laikipia and Maasai Mara." Journal of Public Health Africa. 2016;7:545.
Ndereeh D, Muchemi G, Thaiyah A. "Molecular surveillance of Spotted Fever Group rickettsiosis in wildlife." Journal of Veterinary Research. 2017;84(1) .
Nderi GJ, Gichuhi S, Kollman M, Matende I. "Outcome of glaucoma surgery at Mombasa Lighthouse for Christ Eye Center.". In: East African Journal of Ophthalmology. Elsevier; 2009. Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
The main objective was to evaluate the outcome of glaucoma surgeries in a centre for eye care in Kenya.
 
DESIGN:
Retrospective case series.
 
SETTING:
The study was conducted at Mombasa Light House for Christ Eye Centre- Kenya.
 
SUBJECTS:
All patients diagnosed to have glaucoma and managed by surgery between 2004-2007.
 
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Records from 2004 to 2007 were retrieved and data collected on the surgeries done using a structured questionnaire. 2008 was left for follow up to avail a one year minimum follow up time.
Analysis was done using SPSS version 13.
 
RESULTS:
265 operations were recorded in this period. 213 were retrieved and the outcomes analysed. There was good IOP control over the follow up period with a gradual rise post operation, though the pressures remained within normal. Most of the patients were controlled with no need for medications, or much less medication use.
 
The average intra-ocular pressure at two year follow up was 15.0mmHg against a baseline of 28.7mmHg (p< 0.001). 29 eyes (13.6%) required medication for intra-ocular pressure control. One type of medication was able to control the pressures post operatively. Surgery reduced topical antiglaucoma medication use by 72%.
 
 
CONCLUSION:
Intra-ocular pressure was well controlled surgically for the two year follow up.
 
RECOMENDATIONS:
Surgical intervention can be taken as a first option for glaucoma control in our set up, especially as most of our patients present late.

Nderitu FW, Gikonyo GK, Sinei K. "Detection and Management of Adverse Drug Reactions Related to Antiretroviral Drugs among HIV/AIDS Patients in Kiambu Sub-County, Kenya." East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013;In press. Abstract

The objective of this study was to establish the prevalence, detection and management of various adverse drug reactions associated with antiretroviral drugs occurring in patients attending Comprehensive Care Centre (CCC) of Kiambu District Hospital. The study was a cross sectional survey where the patients included were those attending the CCC on a monthly basis. The results revealed that 65.2% of the patients had experienced symptoms suggestive of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Of these, 67.2% did not associate the symptoms to the medicines they were taking but rather to the AIDS syndrome. The most prominent reaction was peripheral neuropathy at 0.395 (0.344-0.447 at 95% confidence interval) while the least common was hepatotoxicity. Whereas 71.5% could tell the frequency of the daily dosage, 92.1% did not know the names of the medicines they were taking but could describe them by shape and colour. There was a significant association between occurrence and reporting of ADRs and age (P<0.001), weight (P=0.001), marital status (P=0.016), occupation (P<0.001), religious participation (P<0.001) and education level (P<0.001). Although the health care providers displayed adequate knowledge in management of these reactions, they complained of inadequacy of the current reporting tool (MOH 257) in capturing ADRs. The patients were ill equipped in recognizing the adverse drug reactions.

Nderitu JH;, Wambua E;, Olubayo F;, Kasina J;, Waturu C. "Evaluation of pesticide/variety combinations for thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) management on French beans (P. vulgaris L.) in Kenya."; 2007. Abstract

A field study was undertaken to evaluate pesticide/variety combinations for thrips infestation and damage in Kabete Field Station, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Four French bean varieties (Amy, Monel, Samantha and Impala) and four insecticides (Lambda-cyhalothrin (Karate 1.75 EC), Petroleum spray oil (DC Tron 500 ML), Spinosad (Tracer 480 SC) and Fipronil (Regent 50 SC)) were used for the study. The study revealed that both the varieties and insecticides influenced thrips infestation independently. Tracer 480 SC and Regent 50 SC gave the lowest thrips numbers in all the varieties. The mean number of F. occidentalis in Karate 1.75 EC sprayed plots was higher and significantly different from plots sprayed with Tracer 480 SC and Regent 50 Sc. The mean number of M. sjostedti was not significantly different for all the plots sprayed with Tracer 480 SC, Regent 50 SC and Karate 1.75 EC. DC Tron 500 ML had no significant effect on thrips infestation.

Nderitu JH, Kayumbo HY, MUEKE JM. "Beanfly infestation on common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Kenya." International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 1990;11(1):34-41.
Nderitu JH;, Mwangi F;, and Nyamasyo G, Kasina M. "Evaluation of cropping systems as a strategy for managing flower thrips in Kenya." Int. J. Sustain. Cro . 2009; 4(6): 22-25.evaluation_of_cropping_systems_as_a_strategy_for_m_1.pdf
Nderitu JH;, Kasina J. "Major Insects Of Crops In Kenya."; 2004.
Nderitu JH, Muthomi JW. Curricula for Agricultural Value Chain Development for Universities and Colleges. Nairobi, Kenya: Gesellschaft Fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and Promotion of Private Sector Development in Agriculture (PSDA); 2011.
Nderitu JH. "Curriculum development and approval process .". In: food safety. Nairobi; 2009.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Warui, C.N. and Skadhauge, E. (1998). Morphological and functional anatomy of the cloaca and terminal colon of the African Ostrich:.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International ratile congress, Oudtshoorn South Africa 21 - 25 Sept. pp:88-90.; 1998.
Nderitu J;, Waturu C;, Olubayo F;, Aura J;, Kasina J. "Current French bean pests and disease management at Mwea Tebere, Central Kenya."; 2001.
Nderitu JH, Namachanja C, Kamau G. "Universities and trade unionsim.". In: DAAD. Nairobi,; 2005.universities_and_trade_unionsim.pdf
Nderitu, J., and KHY, MUEKE JM. "Evaluation of common beans cultivars for resistance to beanflies in single plantings at different seasons." Insect Sci. Applic.. 1991;12(4): 463-491.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Warui, C.N. (1985). Stereological observations on the kidneys of 16 avian species.". In: Proceedings of the XIIth International Anatomical Congress: London 764 A.; 1985.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Maina, J.N., Maloiy, G.M.O., Warui C.N., Njogu, E. K. and Kokwaro, E.D. (1989).A Scanning electron microscope study of the reptilian lung: The savanna monito lizard (Varanus exanthematicus) and the pancake tortoise Malacochersus tornieri).Anatomical Recor.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on advances in Reproductive Research in Man and Animals, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.; 1989.
Nderitu JH;, Kayumbo HY;, MUEKE JM. "Beanfly Infestation on Common Bean."; 1990. Abstract

The population patterns of eggs, larvae and puparia on bean plants and leaf punctures made by adults were investigated during cropping (March-July; October-January) and noncropping (July-October) seasons at two sites in Kenya. Bean grown in noncropping seasons had more leaf punctures, eggs, larvae and puparia than bean grown in cropping seasons. Bean sown in noncropping seasons attracted unusually high beanfly populations from surrounding weeds as well as previous crops. Under field conditions, the Onhiomyi beanfly species, sencerella Greathead and 0. phasepli Tryon, bean infested plants in all seasons. Both species normally oviposited in punctures on the leavesbut 0. spencerella also oviposited in the stems of bean seedlings.

Nderitu J, Kasina;; M, and NG, Oronje ML. "Effects ofinsecticides applications on sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) pollination in East Kenya." World J. Agric. Sci. . 2007;6(3):731-734.
Nderitu JH;, Wambua E;, Olubayo F;, Kasina J;, Waturu C. "Evaluation of pesticide/variety combinations for thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) management on French beans (P. vulgaris L.) in Kenya."; 2007. Abstract

A field study was undertaken to evaluate pesticide/variety combinations for thrips infestation and damage in Kabete Field Station, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Four French bean varieties (Amy, Monel, Samantha and Impala) and four insecticides (Lambda-cyhalothrin (Karate 1.75 EC), Petroleum spray oil (DC Tron 500 ML), Spinosad (Tracer 480 SC) and Fipronil (Regent 50 SC)) were used for the study. The study revealed that both the varieties and insecticides influenced thrips infestation independently. Tracer 480 SC and Regent 50 SC gave the lowest thrips numbers in all the varieties. The mean number of F. occidentalis in Karate 1.75 EC sprayed plots was higher and significantly different from plots sprayed with Tracer 480 SC and Regent 50 Sc. The mean number of M. sjostedti was not significantly different for all the plots sprayed with Tracer 480 SC, Regent 50 SC and Karate 1.75 EC. DC Tron 500 ML had no significant effect on thrips infestation.

NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Warui, C.N. (1996). Commercialization of research work on the avocado oil extraction and avocado seedcake UNISPAR project.". In: Proceedings of the World Congress of Engineering Educators and Industry leaders, UNESCO, July 1996.; 1996.
Nderitu JH, Mueke, S. "Susceptibility of eight potato cultivars to Myzus persicae Sulzer in the greenhouse." International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 1989;10(2):229-234.
Nderitu JH. "Principles and practice of conservation farming. .". In: Workshop on Sustainable Horticultural Production in the Tropics. JKUAT; 2001.
Nderitu H, Kasina M. "IPM framework for KAPAP Projects, KAPAP, Nairobi, Kenya.". In: Projects, KAPAP, Nairobi, Kenya. Nairobi; 2009.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Warui, C.N. (1984). A stereological comparison of the perfused and immersed avian kidneys. J. Anat. 139: 729-730.". In: Proceedings of the XIIth International Anatomical Congress: London 764 A.; 1984.
Nderitu JH, Kibaru A, Njeru R, Yobera D, Kasina M. "Utilization Of Border Crops To Manage Aphid Colonization And PVY Incidence On Potato(Solanum tuberosum L).". 2009. AbstractWebsite

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolorL.), wheat (Triticum aestivumL.), maize(Zea MaysL.), common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and garden pea (Pisum sativumL.) were tested as border crops for their ability to reduce the number of colonizing aphids and Potato Virus Y (PVY) incidence in seed potatoes (Solanum tuberosumL.). The experiment was done at Tigoni, Central Kenya for two seasons, from 03 May 2002 and from 17 October 2002. Apterae aphids were monitored weekly by picking 15 leaves from 5 randomly selected plants per plot while alate aphids were collected using yellow sticky traps mounted 0.5 m from the ground level at the edge of border crops. Three aphid species were recorded: Aphis gossypii (Glover), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) and Myzus persicae (Sulzer). PVY incidence in the inner rows of potatoes surrounded by fallow and the border crops was statistically insignificant (P>0.05) but outer rows in crop-bordered plots had significantly less PVY than outer rows of fallow-bordered plots. The DAS- ELISA test used to confirm presence of PVY showed that the disease had the highest and lowest incidence in fallow and wheat bordered plots, respectively. This study shows that the effective border-crops can be used to manage aphids and PVY disease in potatoes. In addition, since most Kenyan potato growers are low income earners, adoption of border cropping technology can improve immensely the production success of the crop

NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Kamau, G.N., Kithinji, Z. ,Morris, G.F., and Warui, C.N. (1998). Extraction and spectroscopic study of avocado oil. International J. of Biochem, Physics, Vol. 6 and 7, Nos 1 and 2: 36 - 43.". In: Proceedings of the first Biotechnology Workshop, Department of Chemistry, 7-11 June 1999.; 1998.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Warui, C.N. (1985). Quantitative observations on the structural characteristics of the avian kidney. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Liverpool (England).". In: Proceedings of the XIIth International Anatomical Congress: London 764 A.; 1985.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Warui, C.N., (1989). Light Microscopical morphometry of the kidneys of fourteen avian species. J. Ant..142: 19 - 31.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on advances in Reproductive Research in Man and Animals, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.; 1989.
Nderitu JH;, Kasina M;, Muchirah N. "Commercialization Of Patented Herbal Medicinal Products In Kenya."; 2011.
Nderitu JH. "A review on pests of grain legumes."; 1992.
Nderitu JH, Kabira J, Tigoni David Kipkoech, MKU T, Mathenge S. ANNUAL PLANNING WORKSHOP FOR NCST SEED POTATO PROJECT. THIKA: KARI; 2013.annual_planning_workshop_for_ncst_seed_potato_project_final.pdf
Nderitu GG, Gichuki NN, Triest L. "Distribution of epilithic diatoms in response to environmental conditions in an urban tropical stream, central Kenya ." Biodiversity and Conservation. 2006;(15):3267-3293.
Nderitu, J., and Buruchara RA, Ampofo JKO. "Management of bean root rots and bean stem maggot in the African Highlands. AHI Coordinating office, ICRAF,.". In: : KARI Scientific Conference. Nairobi,; 1997.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Macharia, R.G., Warui, C.N. and Kisia, S.M. (1998). The effects of Decamethonium bromide induced paralysis on the skeletal development in the chick embryo. The Kenya Veterinary Journal, Vol 23,No.3 pp. 82-85.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International ratile congress, Oudtshoorn South Africa 21 - 25 Sept. pp:88-90.; 1998.
Nderitu JH, Kayumbo HY, MUEKE JM. "Beanfly infestation on common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Kenya." International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 1990;11(1):34-41.
Nderitu, J., Evans W, Cheminingwa. Management of thrips. Nairobi; 2013.mgt_of_thrips119.pdf
Nderitu CM, WANYOIKE-GICHUHI J, Ondieki DK, ODAWA X. "Pregnancy outcome among adolescents and non-adolescents delivering at Kiambu County Hospital, Kenya." East African Medical Journal. 2015:381-388.
and Nderitu JH, MUEKE JM. "Susceptibility of eight potato cultivars to Myzus persicae Sulzer in the greenhouse.". In: KARI Scientific Conference, . Nairobi, ; 1989.
Nderitu, J., Martha Sila, and Nyamasyo G, Kasina M. "Insects associated with sweet potatoes (Ipomea batata (L) Lamk) in Eastern Kenya." Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prot.. 2009;1(4):14-18.insect_species_associated_with_sweet_potatoes_ipom_1.pdf
Nderitu JH;, Kasina M. "Proceeding of the National public debate on GMO."; 2011.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Nanguri, D.L., Warui, C.N. and Kamau, G.N. (1998). Spectroscopic studies and physico-chemical properties of Unsaponifiable matter of avocado oil.". In: Proceedings of the 1st Pan-African conference of the federation of African Societies of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (FASBMB) 145-150.; 1998.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Warui, C.N., and King, A.S. (1985. Stereological observations on the kidney of the domestic fowl. J. Anat. 142: 129-139.". In: Proceedings of the XIIth International Anatomical Congress: London 764 A.; 1985.
Nderitu J;, Waturu C;, Olubayo F;, Aura J;, Kasina J. "Current French bean pests and disease management at Mwea Tebere, Central Kenya."; 2001.
Nderitu JH. "Insects associated with the potato crop in Kenya." Nderitu, J. H. (1991). Insects associated with a potato crop in Kenya. Tropical Pest Management. 1991;7(3):6-8.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Warui, C.N. (1999). Recent advances in avocado oil extraction biotechnology.". In: Proceedings of the first Biotechnology Workshop, Department of Chemistry, 7-11 June 1999.; 1999.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Maloiy, G.M.O., Warui, C.N. and Clemens, E.T. (1987). Comparative gastrointestinal morphology of the Kori bustard and secretary bird. Zoo Biology 6.243-251.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on advances in Reproductive Research in Man and Animals, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.; 1987.
Nderitu JH;, and Waturu CN, Ampofo JKO. "Efficacy of the current insecticidal control of major pests of French beans in Central Kenya." Afri. J. Pl. Prot. . 1996;6:42-49.
NDERITU PROFWARUICHARLES. "Makori, N., Oduor-Okello, D., Warui, C.N., and Otiang.". In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on advances in Reproductive Research in Man and Animals, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.; 1992.
Nderitu J, Butt F SH. "Variations in the emergence and course of the inferior palpebral nerve." Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr . 2014;7(3):233-6.
Nderitu J.H., Kasina, M.J., Nyamasyo G.N., C.N. W, J. A. "Management of Thrips (Thysanoptera: Tripidae) on French beans (Fabaceae) in Kenya:." Economics of insecticide Applications. Journ. Entomol. . 2008;5(3):148-155.
Ndetei DM, Mburu JM, Kathuku DM, Kangethe R, Owino SO, Hagengimana. "Psychotrauma Training of Trauma in Rwanda.". 1995.
Ndetei DM, Mathai M, Khasakhala LI, Khasakhala LI, Mbwayo AW. "University medical education in Kenya: The challenges.". 2010. Abstract

There are two medical schools training doctors in Kenya: the Moi University established in 1984 and the University of Nairobi established in 1967. The University of Nairobi has so far produced the majority of Kenyan doctors. Both are public universities with the Government being the main financier. The increased demand for university education and the inability to meet these demands has led to the introduction of a system of training self-sponsored medical students alongside Government-subsidised students. One other public university has started a medical school. The pressure to increase the number of schools and students in the absence of increased resources poses a particular challenge to the country.

Ndetei DM. "Sharing mental health research resources in Africa - the place of all inclusive consortia.". 2008. Abstractsharing_mental_health_research_resources_in_africa-the_place_all_inclusive_consortia.pdf

It is now generally evident that the prevalence rates of various mental disorders in Africa are similar if not identical to those found in the West. Poverty and the relative deficiency of human resources are compounding factors that make it unlikely for replication of psychiatric and mental health services in the same quality and quantity as currently provided in resource-rich countries.This not withstanding, it is not necessary for such services to be imported wholesale into the peculiar socio-cultural Africa context, orfor quality and quantity to be measured in the same way as is done in the resource-rich countries.This means that Africa must find its own home-grown evidence-based policies and practices that allow for service to be available, accessible, affordable and appropriate within the socio-cultural and economic contexts prevailing in Africa.This can only be achieved through contextually designed operationalresearch to determine contextually appropriate solutions to the myriad of mental health issues and challenges facing Africa.

Ndetei DM, Kuria MW. "Psychosis – An African Perspective.". 2009.
Ndetei DM, Ongecha FA, Malow RM, Onyancha J, Mutiso V, Kokonya D, Khasakhala L, Odhiambo G, Rosenberg R. "Next Priorities for International in Kenya: Results from Cohort study of Drug Use, HIV and HCV Patterns in Five Urban Areas.". 2006.
Ndetei DM, Ongecha FA, Malow RM, Onyancha J, Mutiso V, Kokonya D, Khasakhala L, Odhiambo G, Rosenberg R. "Next Priorities for Intervention in Kenya: Results from a Cohort Study of Drug Use, HIV and HCV Patterns in Five Urban Areas.". 2006.next_priorities_for_intervention_in_kenya.pdf
Ndetei DM, Khasakhala LI, Mutiso V, Ongecha-Owuor FA, Kokonya D. "Drug Use in a Rural Secondary School in Kenya.". 2010.

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