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Mwabu G. "A Portfolio Model of Patients' Behavior." Eastern Africa Economic Review ", 3. 1986.
Mwabu G, Bold T, Kimenyi M, Sandefur J. "Interventions and Institutions: Experimental Evidence on Scaling UP Education Reforms in Kenya.". In: Center for Global Development, Washington, D.C., Mimeo.; 2012.
Mwabu D, Kimalu KMW, K P, Nafula N, DK M. "Predicting Household Poverty; A Methodological Note." African Development Review. 2003;15(1).
Mwabu G, Kirigia J. "Indirect cost of maternal deaths in the WHO African Region.". In: WHO African Region, Brazzaville.; 2014.
Mwabu G. "The Production of Child Health in Kenya: A structural Model of Birth Weight." Journal of African Economies. 2009;18(2):212-260.
Mwabora JM, Kivaisi RT. "Metallic Cu and In films deposited by d.c. magnetron sputtering." Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 2001;12:75-80.Website
Mwabora JM. Nanostructured materials: From nanoscience to structure determination. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 13-15 October 2009; 2009.
Mwabora JM, Simiyu, J. W, S. M, Aduda BO. "Nanostructured TiO2 for Dye Sensitized Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells.". In: Poster presented at the ICTP-NCNNC-ICTS Asian Pacific Regional College . Beijing, P. R. China; 2006. Abstract

Nanostructured materials for dye sensitised solar cells (DSSSC) have gained a lot of interest since the breakthrough of 11% solar cell based on TiO2 [1]. A DSSC typically consists of a monolayer of photoactive dye molecules anchored onto the nanoparticles of a wide band gap semiconductor, an electrolyte and a platinised counter electrode.

The focus in our research group are (1) preparation and characterisation of the photoactive electrode (TiO2), (2) nitrogen/metallic oxide doping of the photoactive electrode, (3) identification of natural anthocyanin dye containing plants, extracting and synthesizing and purifying the dye for use as an alternative to the costly ruthenium based dye, (4) improvement on the charge transfer characteristics from the dye to the semiconductor and hence in the whole system, (5) charactrization and optimization of eta solar cell based on TiO2/In(OH)xSy/PbS/PEDOT.PSS/Au and (6) tailoring of semiconductor surface using ultra thin Al2O3 thin film.

TiO2 films were prepared by reactive DC sputtering and from TiO2 nanotubes prepared by synthesis method using 10M NaOH and dispersed in alcohol. XRD, SEM and TEM were used to characterize the electrodes. IPCE and I-V characteristics of the solar cells were obtained and compared with the electrode properties and structures. Some results, discussions and conclusions are presented.

Mwabora JM. Research and Post-Graduate Training Programmes in Renewable Energy / Energy Systems in Kenya: Case Study of Kenyan Public Universities. School of Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, 18-22 February, 2002, Ghana; 2002.
Mwabora JM, Muiva CM, Sathiaraj TS, Maabong K. "Observation of Meyer-Neldel rule in Se100−XM(M=In, Sb)X chalcogenide glasses." Ceramics International. 2015;41(2):2348-2352. Abstract

Non-isothermal Differential Scanning Calorimetric (DSC) studies were done on Se100−XM(M=In, Sb)X chalcogenide glasses prepared by the melt quenching technique. The composition-dependent activation energy for glass to crystal transformation (ΔEc) and the pre-exponential factor (Ko) of the Arrhenius expression were obtained on the basis of the Augis and Bennett׳s method. A linear dependence between ΔEc and lnK0 was observed in both systems implying the existence of compensation effects of the Meyer-Neldel type. These compensation effects confirmed the applicability of Meyer-Neldel Rule (MNR) for the non-isothermal crystallization in the present systems.

Mwabora JM, Domtau DL, Simiyu J, Muthoka B, Nyakiti LO. "Effects of TiO2 Film Thickness and Electrolyte Concentration on Photo-voltaic Performance of dye Sensitized Solar Cell." Surface Review and Letters. 2016.
Mwabora J, Robinson Musembi, Aduda B, Marin R, Fostiropoulos K, Lux-Steiner M. "Light Soaking Induced Increase in Conversion Efficiency in Solar Cells Based on In(OH)xSy/Pb(OH)xSy." Material Sciences and Applications. 2013. Abstract

Light soaking characterization on complete SnO2:F/TiO2/ln(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au, Pb(OH)xS)pEDOT:PSS/Au, eta solar cell structure
as well as on devices which do not include one or both TiO2 and/or PEDOT:PSS layers has been conducted. Additionally,
studies of SnO2:F/In(OH)xSy/PEDOT:PSS/Au solar cell have been performed. The power conversion
efficiency and the short circuit current density have been found to increase with light soaking duration by a factor of
about 1.6 - 2.7 and 2.1 - 3, respectively. The increase in these two parameters has been attributed to the filling up of trap
states and/or charge-discharge of deep levels found in In(OH)xSy. These effects take place at almost fill factor and open
circuit voltage being unaffected by the light soaking effects.

Mwabora JM, Domtau DL, Simiyu J, Ayieta EO, Asiimwe GM. "Influence of Pore Size on the Optical and Electrical Properties of Screen Printed Thin Films." Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2016;2016. Abstract

Influence of pore size on the optical and electrical properties of TiO2 thin films was studied. TiO2 thin films with different weight percentages (wt%) of carbon black were deposited by screen printing method on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) coated on glass substrate. Carbon black decomposed on annealing and artificial pores were created in the films. All the films were 3.2 µm thick as measured by a surface profiler. UV-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer was used to study transmittance and reflectance spectra of the films in the photon wavelength of 300–900 nm while absorbance was studied in the range of 350–900 nm. Band gaps and refractive index of the films were studied using the spectra. Reflectance, absorbance, and refractive index were found to increase with concentrations of carbon black. There was no significant variation in band gaps of films with change in carbon black concentrations. Transmittance reduced as the concentration of carbon black in TiO2 increased (i.e., increase in pore size). Currents and voltages () characteristics of the films were measured by a 4-point probe. Resistivity () and conductivity () of the films were computed from the values. It was observed that resistivity increased with carbon black concentrations while conductivity decreased as the pore size of the films increased.

Mwabora JM, Mulama AA, Oduor AO, Muiva CM. "Compositional and Thickness Effects on the Optical Properties of Zinc–Doped Selenium–Antimony Thin Films." Tanzania Journal of Science. 2018;44(4). Abstract

Chalcogenide system of antimony (Sb)-selenium (Se)-zinc (Zn) system is a promising semiconductor for phase change memory devices due to its thermal stability and low power consumption. The study investigated the effect of film thickness and zinc content on the optical properties of thermally evaporated Sb10Se90-xZnx (x = 0, 5, 10 & 15 at. %) thin films. It was found that transmittance (T~ 85-40%) and optical band gap energy (Eopt ~ 1.60 eV – 1.22 eV) decreased but absorption coefficient (α~0.840–2.031 104 cm–1) increased with increase in zinc content. Furthermore, as the film thickness increased from 53 ± 5 nm to 286 ± 10 nm, transmittance decreased but band gap energy increased due to zinc defects and localized states in the Sb10Se90-xZnx system.

Mwabe PO, Wendt JOL, Lin WC. "Nox destruction in a laminar opposed jet diffusion flame."; 1990.
MW N, GO O, M M, W S. "Frequency of thyroid dysfunction among rheumatoid arthritis patients at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya." afr j Rheumatal. 2022;10(1):34-44. Abstractfrequency_of_thyroid_dysfunction_among_ra_patients_at_knh.pdf

Background: Rheumatoid Arthritis
(RA) affects 0.5-1% of the adult
population. A higher prevalence of
thyroid dysfunction is observed in
patients with RA compared to the
general population.
Objectives: To establish the
frequency of thyroid dysfunction
among ambulatory RA patients and
to describe the association between
thyroid dysfunction and the patients’
socio-demographic characteristics,
clinical characteristics, level of disease
activity, and their functional status.
Design: This was a cross-sectional
descriptive study.
Methods: Adult patients on follow
up for RA at the outpatient clinic were
sampled. Sociodemographic data was
recorded. The Clinical Disease Activity
Index (CDAI) and Health Assessment
Questionnaire (HAQ) scores were
computed from examination findings
and questionnaires respectively. A
venous blood sample was analyzed for
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH),
free triidothyronine (fT3), and free
tetraiodothyronine (fT4). This data
was analyzed to determine frequencies
and associations.
Results: Seventy-six patients were
recruited into the study. Sixty-one
participants were female. The mean
TSH level was 5.8Miu/L. The frequency
of thyroid dysfunction was 47.4%.
Overt hypothyroidism was the most
common form of thyroid dysfunction at
39.5% while 6.6% had Sick Euthyroid.
Majority of the participants, 75%, had
low disease activity, mean CDAI was
11.6. Forty-one (53.9%) participants
had no disability, mean HAQ was
0.5. Correlations between thyroid
dysfunction and advancing age,
duration of disease, level of disease
activity, and functional disability did
not attain statistical significance.
Conclusion: Thyroid dysfunction
is common among patients with RA
with no significant association found
between thyroid dysfunction sociodemographic characteristics, clinical
characteristics, level of disease activity,
and functional status.
Key words: Thyroid dysfunction,
Rheumatoid arthritis, Disease activity,
Functional disability
Introduction
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a
symmetric polyarthritis with a variety
of systemic manifestations. In the
general population thyroid dysfunction
affects 1-10% of adults, with variations
in geographical areas, age and sex1
.
The causes of thyroid dysfunction
include; iodine deficiency, infections
and autoimmune associated thyroid
disease2
. Thyroid dysfunction is more
prevalent in patients with autoimmune
diseases such as RA. This is attributed
to overlap of autoimmune conditions
that are initiated by loss of tolerance to
self-antigens3
.
The burden of thyroid dysfunction
among RA patients has been found
to vary between 6-47% in various
studies. The entire spectrum of thyroid
dysfunction has been described,
however, hypothyroidism occurs
more frequently. Patients with thyroid
dysfunction have higher RA disease
activity scores and poorer functional
status measured using the

Muyonga M, Odipo G, Agwanda ALO, A K. "Interlinkages between Migration and Inequality in Africa: Review of Contemporary Studies." African Human Mobility Review . 2020;6(1):6-26.
Muyodi MM, Oyoo GO, KAYIMA JK, Bhatt KM. "PREVALENCE OF AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE IN OSTEOARTHRITIS PATIENTS AT KENYATTA NATIONAL HOSPITAL." EAOJ. 2021;14(2):72-80. Abstract

Background: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a global health problem with an increase in prevalence especially
in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It has a high morbidity and mortality. CKD and osteoarthritis (OA) are related as
they both increase with age and are associated with comorbidities e.g. hypertension, obesity etc. However,
there is limited evidence on the prevalence and associated risk factors of CKD among OA patients.
Objective: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with CKD in OA patients attending Rheumatology
and Orthopaedic clinics at Kenyatta National Hospital.
Design: A hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study.
Methods: The study was conducted between November 2019 and January 2020 involving patients aged 18
years and above; being followed up in the rheumatology and orthopaedic clinics at Kenyatta National Hospital
with a diagnosis of knee, hip, spine and hand osteoarthritis based on the American College of Rheumatology
criteria. Chronic kidney disease was defined as an eGFR of less than or equal to 60 ml/min/1.73m2 and/or
proteinuria of 30 mg/dl detected on urinary dipstick for three months or more. Descriptive statistics were
used to describe the participants. Association between participants’ characteristics and CKD prevalence were
assessed using chi-square and factors associated with CKD among OA patients using bivariate and multivariable
logistic regressions.
Results: The overall prevalence of CKD among patients with osteoarthritis was 61.9% (56.4–66.3) as per eGFR
using Cockrauft Gault (CG). Most were in CKD stage 3 at 59.2% with 45.5% in G3a and 13.7% in G3b. One point
one percent were in stage 1, 38.3% in stage 2 and 1.4% were in CKD stage 4 and 5. Only 12.1% of the respondents
had persistent proteinuria and thus most of the patients had low and moderate risk for CKD progression at
38% and 38.2% respectively. Only 12.1% and 11.6% had high and very high risk for CKD progression. The CKD
prevalence increased with age, being highest among older adults (65+ years). The prevalence was higher
among men than women (65.9%, 95% CI: 54.7–75.5 vs. 60.2%, 95% CI: 54.4–65.7). The factors associated with
CKD in OA were old age, hypertension and poor and fair self-rated health which increased the odds of CKD
while moderate physical activity

Muyodi MM, Bhatt KM, KAYIMA JK. "PREVALENCE OF AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE IN OSTEOARTHRITIS PATIENTS AT KENYATTA NATIONAL HOSPITAL." EAOJ. 2020;14(2):72-80. Abstractprevalence_of_and_factors_associated_with_ckd_in_osteoarthritis.pdf

Background: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a global health problem with an increase in prevalence especially
in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It has a high morbidity and mortality. CKD and osteoarthritis (OA) are related as
they both increase with age and are associated with comorbidities e.g. hypertension, obesity etc. However,
there is limited evidence on the prevalence and associated risk factors of CKD among OA patients.
Objective: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with CKD in OA patients attending Rheumatology
and Orthopaedic clinics at Kenyatta National Hospital.
Design: A hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study.
Methods: The study was conducted between November 2019 and January 2020 involving patients aged 18
years and above; being followed up in the rheumatology and orthopaedic clinics at Kenyatta National Hospital
with a diagnosis of knee, hip, spine and hand osteoarthritis based on the American College of Rheumatology
criteria. Chronic kidney disease was defined as an eGFR of less than or equal to 60 ml/min/1.73m2
and/or
proteinuria of 30 mg/dl detected on urinary dipstick for three months or more. Descriptive statistics were
used to describe the participants. Association between participants’ characteristics and CKD prevalence were
assessed using chi-square and factors associated with CKD among OA patients using bivariate and multivariable
logistic regressions.
Results: The overall prevalence of CKD among patients with osteoarthritis was 61.9% (56.4–66.3) as per eGFR
using Cockrauft Gault (CG). Most were in CKD stage 3 at 59.2% with 45.5% in G3a and 13.7% in G3b. One point
one percent were in stage 1, 38.3% in stage 2 and 1.4% were in CKD stage 4 and 5. Only 12.1% of the respondents
had persistent proteinuria and thus most of the patients had low and moderate risk for CKD progression at
38% and 38.2% respectively. Only 12.1% and 11.6% had high and very high risk for CKD progression. The CKD
prevalence increased with age, being highest among older adults (65+ years). The prevalence was higher
among men than women (65.9%, 95% CI: 54.7–75.5 vs. 60.2%, 95% CI: 54.4–65.7). The factors associated with
CKD in OA were old age, hypertension and poor and fair self-rated health which increased the odds of CKD
while moderate physical activity, overweight/obesity and use of more than one medication (NSAID/ACEI/ARB)
reduced the odds of CKD.
Conclusion: This study provides evidence that osteoarthritis is associated with a high prevalence of CKD.
However, most of the patients are asymptomatic and in low and moderate risk category based on Kidney
Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) nomenclature. Osteoarthritis patients should be considered a
high-risk group for chronic kidney disease given their older age, chronic use of NSAIDs and high prevalence of
comorbidities e.g. hypertension, overweight/obesity which are known risk factors for CKD. Screening for CKD
in OA patients should therefore be done routinely as is the case in other high risk groups e.g. diabetes.

Muyodi MM, KAYIMA JK, Oyoo GO, Bhatt KM. "Prevalence of and factors associated with chronic kidney diseases is osteoarthritis patients at Kenyatta National hospital." East African Orthopaedic Journal. 2020;14(2):72-80. Abstract

Background: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a global health problem with an increase in prevalence especially
in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It has a high morbidity and mortality. CKD and osteoarthritis (OA) are related as
they both increase with age and are associated with comorbidities e.g. hypertension, obesity etc. However,
there is limited evidence on the prevalence and associated risk factors of CKD among OA patients.
Objective: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with CKD in OA patients attending Rheumatology
and Orthopaedic clinics at Kenyatta National Hospital.
Design: A hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study.
Methods: The study was conducted between November 2019 and January 2020 involving patients aged 18
years and above; being followed up in the rheumatology and orthopaedic clinics at Kenyatta National Hospital
with a diagnosis of knee, hip, spine and hand osteoarthritis based on the American College of Rheumatology
criteria. Chronic kidney disease was defined as an eGFR of less than or equal to 60 ml/min/1.73m2
and/or
proteinuria of 30 mg/dl detected on urinary dipstick for three months or more. Descriptive statistics were
used to describe the participants. Association between participants’ characteristics and CKD prevalence were
assessed using chi-square and factors associated with CKD among OA patients using bivariate and multivariable
logistic regressions.
Results: The overall prevalence of CKD among patients with osteoarthritis was 61.9% (56.4–66.3) as per eGFR
using Cockrauft Gault (CG). Most were in CKD stage 3 at 59.2% with 45.5% in G3a and 13.7% in G3b. One point
one percent were in stage 1, 38.3% in stage 2 and 1.4% were in CKD stage 4 and 5. Only 12.1% of the respondents
had persistent proteinuria and thus most of the patients had low and moderate risk for CKD progression at
38% and 38.2% respectively. Only 12.1% and 11.6% had high and very high risk for CKD progression. The CKD
prevalence increased with age, being highest among older adults (65+ years). The prevalence was higher
among men than women (65.9%, 95% CI: 54.7–75.5 vs. 60.2%, 95% CI: 54.4–65.7). The factors associated with
CKD in OA were old age, hypertension and poor and fair self-rated health which increased the odds of CKD
while moderate physical activity, overweight/obesity and use of more than one medication (NSAID/ACEI/ARB)
reduced the odds of CKD.
Conclusion: This study provides evidence that osteoarthritis is associated with a high prevalence of CKD.
However, most of the patients are asymptomatic and in low and moderate risk category based on Kidney
Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) nomenclature. Osteoarthritis patients should be considered a
high-risk group for chronic kidney disease given their older age, chronic use of NSAIDs and high prevalence of
comorbidities e.g. hypertension, overweight/obesity which are known risk factors for CKD. Screening for CKD
in OA patients should therefore be done routinely as is the case in other high risk groups e.g. diabetes.
Key words: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), Osteoarthritis (OA), Cockrauft-Gault (CG), Estimated Glomerular
Filtration Rate (eGFR), Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme
Inhibitors (ACEI), Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB)

Muyila DW. CPP 408: Biomedical Ethics.; 2010.
Muyila DW. "African values and the rights of the child: Aview of the dilemmas and prospects for change’ .". In: Women and children’s rights: African Views. Paris: Karthalah; 2011.
Muyila DW, Ndohvu DJB. CPP 202: History of Ancient Philosophy.; 2007.
Muyila DW, Ndohvu DJB. CTO 314: Profesional Ethics.; 2012.
Muyila W. Traditional African communalism and the neocomunal spirit in Africa. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2004.
Muyera Z, Yegon E, Wanjiru M. "Environmental Scanning (ES) in the digital age: application of Web 2.0 tools in information institutions.". In: CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OF LIBRARIANS IN AFRICA-KENYA. Nakuru; 2015.
Muwanga S, Onwonga R, Keya SO, Komutunga E. "Sedentary Agriculture and Its Implications on Soil Quality in Agro-pastoral Semi-arid Karamoja, Uganda." Journal of Agricultural Science. 2020;2(4):148-162 .
Muwanga S, Onwonga R, Keya SO, Komutunga E. "Influence of Agro-pastoral Activities on Land Use and Land Cover Change in Karamoja, Uganda. Journal of Agricultural Science." Journal of Agricultural Science. 2020;12(9):266-278.
Muuro E, Wagacha P, Oboko R. "Improving Online Collaborative learning Using Machine Learning." Models for Improving and Optimizing Online and Blended Learning in Higher Education. 2014:204-219.
Muuro ME, Wagacha WP, Kihoro J, Oboko R. "Students’ perceived challenges in an online collaborative learning environment: A case of higher learning institutions in Nairobi, Kenya." The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning. 2014;15(6). AbstractFull Text

Earlier forms of distance education were characterized by minimal social interaction
like correspondence, television, video and radio. However, the World Wide Web (WWW) and
online learning introduced the opportunity for much more social interaction, particularly
among learners, and this has been further made possible through social media in Web 2.0.
The increased availability of collaborative tools in Web 2.0 has made it possible to have
online collaborative learning realized in Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs). However,

Muuro ME, Oboko RO, Wagacha PW. "Evaluation of Intelligent Grouping Based on Learners’ Collaboration Competence Level in Online Collaborative Learning Environment." The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning. 2016;17(2). AbstractFull Text

In this paper we explore the impact of an intelligent grouping algorithm based on
learners' collaborative competency when compared with (a) instructor based Grade Point
Average (GPA) method level and (b) random method, on group outcomes and group
collaboration problems in an online collaborative learning environment. An intelligent
grouping algorithm has been added in a Learning Management System (LMS) which is
capable of forming heterogeneous groups based on learners' collaborative competency

Mutwiri FM, Wafula CM. "12. Marketing Agency Services and Members Satisfaction: A case of Coffee Cooperatives Societies in Nandi County, Kenya." African Journal of Business and Management(AJBUMA). 2018;4(2).
Mutwiri KD, Dimba E, Nzioka BM. "Orofacial Infections in Kenya: A Retrospective Study." Annals of African Surgery. 2021;18:45-51. Abstract
n/a
Mutwedu VB, Ayagirwe RBB, Bacigale SB, Mwema LM, Butseme S, Kashosi T, Mitima B, Manyawu GJ, Nyongesa AW. "Effect of dietary inclusion of small quantities of Mucuna pruriens seed meal on sexual behavior, semen characteristics, and biochemical parameters in rabbit bucks (Oryctolagus cuniculus)." Trop Anim Health Prod. 2019;51(5):1195-1202. Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of Mucuna pruriens seed meal (MSM) on sexual behavior, semen, and biochemical parameters in rabbit bucks. Twenty-four 12-week-old rabbit bucks weighing 1002 to 1156 g were randomly allocated to three experimental diets containing 0, 1.5, and 3% of MSM in a 3-month trial. Sexual behavior parameters such as mounting latency, mounting frequency, successful mounting frequency, intromission latency, and post ejaculatory interval were monitored at the end of the experiment by mating with receptive females. Thereafter, rabbits were weighed, stunned, and humanely sacrificed and testes, epididymis, and vas deferens were harvested for evaluation of organ weights and semen characteristics. Results indicate that supplementing rabbit diet with MSM induced a significant decrease (P < 0.05) in mounting latency (69.7%) and intromission latency (19.7%), while it significantly (P < 0.05) increased successful mounting frequency (60%) as well as relative weight of testis (33.3%) and vas deferens (54.5%). There was a dose-dependent increase (P < 0.05) in sperm motility (35.7%) and concentration (65.9%), serum albumin (19.1%) and protein concentration (9.9%), and a decrease in sperm morphological alterations (68.3%), serum cholesterol (13.4%), and urea (11.6%) in treatment groups where MSM was supplemented at 3% compared to controls. From the findings, it appears MSM is a potential enhancer of male reproductive performance that can be recommended to rabbit farmers for improving reproductive performance and quality of semen, hence a boon to reproduction and production in rabbit farming industry.

MUTURI NE, Khalagai JM, Pokhariyal GP. "Separation axioms on function spaces defined on bitopological spaces." Journal of Advanced Studies in Topology. 2018;9(2):113-118. AbstractWebsite

In this paper, we introduce separation axioms on the function space p− Cω(Y, Z) and study how they relateto separation axioms defined on the spaces (Z, δi) for i = 1, 2, (Z, δ1, δ2), 1 − Cς(Y, Z) and 2 − Cζ(Y, Z). Itis shown that the space p − Cω(Y, Z) is pT◦, pT1, pT2 and pregular, if the spaces (Z, δ1) and (Z, δ2) are bothT0, T1, T2 and regular respectively. The space p − Cω(Y, Z) is also shown to be pT0, pT1, pT2 and pregular,if the space (Z, δ1, δ2) is p − T0, p − T1, p − T2 and p-regular respectively. Finally, the space p − Cω(Y, Z) isshown to be pT0, pT1, pT2 and pregular, if and only if the spaces 1 − Cς(Y, Z) and 2 − Cζ(Y, Z) are both T0,T1, T2, and only if the spaces 1 − Cς(Y, Z) and 2 − Cζ(Y, Z) are both regular respectively.

Muturi PG, Mwangi JM, Kariuki MI. "Effect of modern marketing practices on performance of real estate firms in Kenya." . International Journal of Scientific Advances. 2021;2(4):487-92.
Muturi PW, P.W. M, Munyiri JK, P. RSW, Munyua JK, M. M, E. M, N. K. "A perspective on proteomics: Current applications, challenges and potential uses." Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America. 2010;1(5):916-918.
Mutura JM, Ogollah K. "INFLUENCE OF INNOVATION PROCUREMENT PRACTICES ON PERFORMANCE OF NATIONAL SOCIAL SECURITY FUND IN KENYA." International Academic Journals | iajournals.org. 2014;1(2):1-20.
Mutungi AK, Sinei SK OSBOKSCNPM:. "ContraceptiveAcceptance and Continuation in Women Managed for Incomplete Abortion atKenyatta National Hospital: ." J Obst/Gyn. East Cert Afr. 1998;14(2):84-88.
Mutungi AK, Sinei SK OSBOKSCNPM:. "Reasons forNon-use of Contraception by Post-abortion Women at Kenyatta NationaHospital." J Obst/Gyn. East Cert Afr. vol. . 1998;14(1):89-94.
Mutungi OK. "More Honest and Relevant Insurance Industry for African Countries." A paper at Insurance Conference for Eastern and Southern Africa, Kenya; 1978. Abstract
n/a
Mutungi OK. "The Rights of the Unborn Child and Minors." (ed.) by U.U. Uche, 1976, E.A.L.B; 1976. Abstract
n/a
Mutungi OK. "Disparity of Sentences." L.L.M. Thesis at Columbia University Law School, U.S.A; 1968. Abstract
n/a
Mutungi AK, Wango EO, Rogo KO, Kimani VN, Karanja JG. "Abortion: behaviour of adolescents in two districts in Kenya.". 1999. AbstractWebsite

In Kenya the reported high rates of unwanted pregnancies (more than 90%), among adolescents have subsequently resulted in unsafely induced abortions with the associated high morbidity and mortality rates.
To evaluate the adolescents' behaviour regarding induced abortion.
A cross-sectional, prospective study done from July 1995 to June 1996.
Schools and health facilities in Kiambu and Nairobi districts in Kenya.
Interviews were conducted among adolescents aged 10-19 years in schools at the two districts and selected using a multi-stage random sampling procedure, as well as adolescent girls at two hospitals and two clinics in the immediate post-abortion period.
The number of adolescents health programmes, aimed at reducing the dangers of unsafely induced abortion, which are designed and subsequently implemented.
Demographic and health data, as well as data on behaviour regarding induced abortion were collected using a self-administered questionnaire.
The study sample comprised 1820 adolescents. These were 1048 school girls (SG), 580 school boys (SB) and 192 post-abortion (PA). Many adolescents were aware of abortion dangers, with the awareness being significantly lower among the SB whose girlfriends (GF) had aborted than those whose GF had not (p < 0.01). The practice of abortion was reported among 3.4% SG, 9.3% SBs' GF and 100% PA. Direct and indirect costs of abortion were heavy on the girls. Knowledge of the abortion dangers had no influence on the choice of the abortionist. Abortion encounter positively influenced approval by the adolescents, of abortion for pregnant school girls (p < 0.01).
Despite the costs and awareness of abortion dangers by adolescents, they will take risks

Mutungi OK. "Law and Freedom in Society." Paper presented to the Philosophical Society of Kenya, University College, Kenyatta; 1977. Abstract
n/a
Mutungi OK. "Business Organizations and the Africanisation of Commerce and Industry in Kenya." Doctoral Thesis, J.S.D. at Yale University Law School; 1974. Abstract
n/a
Mutungi OK. "Consumer Protection: An Examination and Analysis of the Consumer." a paper presented in Khartoum, Sudan; 1984. Abstract
n/a
Mutungi AK, Karanja JG, Kimani VN, Rogo KO, Wango EO. "Abortion: knowledge and perceptions of adolescents in two districts in Kenya.". 1999. AbstractWebsite

Pregnancy among adolescents is unplanned in many instances. Although some pregnant adolescents carry the pregnancy to term, abortion, in many instances unsafely induced, is a commonly sought solution in Kenya.
OBJECTIVE:
To determine adolescents' perceptions of induced abortion.
DESIGN:
A cross-sectional descriptive study carried out between July 1995 and June 1996.
SETTING:
An urban and a rural district in Kenya.
PARTICIPANTS:
Adolescents aged 10-19 years in schools in Nairobi and Kiambu districts, and a group of immediate post-abortion adolescent girls in some health facilities in Nairobi.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
The number of health programmes formulated and put into use, which are adolescent-friendly and providing information, education and communication on abortion issues.
DATA COLLECTION:
One thousand eight hundred and twenty adolescents were subjected to a self-administered questionnaire that collected demographic and health data as well as perceptions of induced abortion. Focus group discussions on perceptions of abortion were held with 12 groups of adolescents in schools and the information obtained recorded on paper and in a tape-recorder.
RESULTS:
One thousand nine hundred and fifty two adolescents, comprising of 1048 school girls (SG), 580 boys (SB), 192 post-abortion girls (PA) and 132 adolescents in the focus group discussions, formed the study sample. More than 90% were aware of induced abortion (IA). Knowledge of IA correlated positively with level of education (P < 0.01). Seventy one per cent of SG, 84% of PA and 40% of SB were aware of abortion-related complications, the most common being infections, death and infertility. Eighty three per cent of PA felt that complications were preventable by seeking care from a qualified doctor compared to one quarter each for the SB and SG. 56% PA, 69% SB and 72% SG felt that abortions were preventable. However, less than 40% proposed abstinence as a primary strategy. The most important source of information on abortion was the media followed by friends and teachers.
CONCLUSION:
Adolescents are aware of abortion and the related complications, but there is more variability in their knowledge and preventive measures.

Mutungi OK. "Company and Partnership Laws and their Propriety in the Africanisation of Commerce and Industry in Kenya." Paper read at the Workshop on Socio-Legal Research at the Kenya Institute of Administration; 1974. Abstract
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Mutungi OK. "The Role and place of Human Rights in the Development of a Culture of peace." a paper presented in Khartoum, Sudan; 1999. Abstract
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Mutungi OK. "Witchcraft and the Criminal Law in East Africa." Valparasio U.L., Review, Vol. 5 1971, 524; 1971. Abstract
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Mutungi OK. "Kadenge Randu V. Republic ." E.A. L.J., p. 283; 1975. Abstract
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Mutungi OK. "The rights of the Unborn Child and Minors." Paper presented to the Regional Workshop on the Teaching of Population Dynamics in Law Schools in Africa; 1974. Abstract
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Mutunga IM, Waema TM. "Context of mobile phone use and its effects on smallholder farmer’s livelihood outcomes in Kenya." International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology. 2016;3(4):121-136.
Mutunga PK, Gichuhi W. "Decision-Making Power and Contraceptive Use among Couples of Child-Bearing Age in Kenya.". In: Gender Statistics for Evidence-Based Policies: Women’s Economic Empowerment, Health and Gender Based Violence. Nairobi: UN Women; 2021.
and Mutune, J.M. MNKJRG. "Determinants of adoption of conservation tillage practices in maize-cowpea cropping systems: The case of Makueni District, Kenya." Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management. 2011;2(11):354-361.
Mutune JM, Lund JF, Wahome RG. "Corrigendum to “Unpacking the impacts of ‘participatory’forestry policies: Evidence from Kenya”[Forest Policy and Econ. 69 (2016) 45–52]." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2016;10(4):129-140.
and Mutune, J.M. LWMJFRD. "Unpacking the impacts of ‘Participatory’ Forestry Policies: Evidence from Kenya. ." Journal of Forests Policy and Economics . 2016;Vol. 69 (69):45-52.
Mutune M, Nyaga PN, Njagi LW, Sourou SY, Mwaniki G, Bebora LC, Mbuthia PG. "Myopathy and Parasitism in a guinea fowl: a case report.". 2008. Abstract

Guinea fowls are formed and found in the wild in Africa. they are kept by farmers mainly to prodice eggs, meat and as pet birds. These birds are affected by many conditions that would cause death or reduce their proction. Some conditions are managemental in nature while others are infectious. Occurrence of diseases and conditions in therse birds are rarely reported in Africa. This is a report of a guinea folw that died after protracted diarrhea and was brought for post mortem at the poultry clinic in kabete. On examination the bird had muscular degeneratio (myopathy) involving the leg muscles and heavy ascaridia galli infestations. possible impact on guinea fowl production is discussed.

Mutune M;, Nyaga PN;, Njagi LW;, Sourou SY;, Mwaniki G;, Bebora LC;, Mbuthia PG. "Myopathy and Parasitism in a guinea fowl: a case report.". 2008.
Mutune M, Abdimajid N. "Community participation in transformation of rural livelihoods and climate smart farming technologies in the semi-arid lands of Kenya." International Journal of Peace and Development Studies. 2018;9(4):53-59.
and Mutune, J.M. WMRGDN. "Local Participation In Community Forest Associations: A case Study of Sururu and Eburu Forest." International Journal of African and Asian Studies. 2015;24:84-94.
Mutune, J.M. HWMCPRG. "What Rights and Benefits? The Implementation of Participatory Forest Management in Kenya: The Case of Eastern Mau Forest Reserve ." Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 2017; http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10549811.2017.1289105.
Mutundi AN, Muthomi JW, Olubayo FM, Leley PK, Nzuve FM. "Effect of Farm Saved Maize (Zea mays L.) Seed on Intensity of Foliage Diseases." Journal of Agricultural Science. 2019;11(8):45-57.
Mutundi AN, Muthomi JW, Olubayo FM, Leley PK, Nzuve FM. "Quality of farm saved maize (zea mays l.) Seeds and its effect on field establishment." International Journal of Research in Agricultural Sciences. 2018;5(6):2348-3997.
Mutuma Kiambi, B, Onono, P, Maingi, N. "Effect of Crude Oil Prices on Economic Growth in Kenya in the Period 1981 To 2018." Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal. 2020;7(10):340-349.
Mutuma KW. "The problem of civilian contractors that directly participate in hostilities ." Africa Yearbook on IHL. 2017;Volume 2016 Number 1, August 2016(Issue Number 1):pp 8-45 (2016).
Mutuma M, Muthomi JW, Stasiewicz M. "Low-cost Optical Sorting to Remove Mycotoxins from Maize in Local Kenyan Mills.". In: Nairobi Innovation Week 2016. University of Nairobi, Kenya; 2016.
Mutuma WK. "The role of national courts in furthering the development of international humanitarian law.". In: Conference Paper, ICRC, 5th Regional Implementation Seminar for Researchers. Nairobi; 2017.
Mutuli DA, Okoth MW. "Towards agro-industrial sustainability in Kenya through energy conservation and other technologies.". 2001. Abstract

Meeting the nutritional needs of people in a .world where the 'population is increasing, the natural resource base is limited and fragile, and unsustainable production and consumption patterns are proliferating presents a major challenge for engineers as we enter the 21st century. Sustainability issues concern the entire food and fibre production and supply chain, from agricultural production and processing to packaging, distribution and final consumption. To make agricultural food production sustainable, urgent measures are needed to address concerns about land and water use, productivity, consumption patterns,energy and waste management. Resource. efficiency means using less to produce more and is a, concept that aptly captures the sustainability issue. This, paper: therefore, attempts to explore some of the ways in which this can be achieved through greater resource efficiency and the application of conservation tcchnologies This takes the form of a 'review of literature focused on studies that have been undertaken on the subject. There is a lot of room for improvement in the efficiency with which the agro-industrial sub-sector is managed, even if only currently available technologies arc considered. Increased use of approaches such as cleaner production techniques all along the production and consumption chain, energy saving measures. packaging reduction and more efficient distribution can eliminate environmental impacts and lower production costs.

Mutuli SM, Rading GO, Kihiu JM. "Geometric constants in plain cross-bored cylinders.". 2003. AbstractWebsite

A three-dimensional FEM computer program was developed to establish the stress distributions and SCFs in thick walled cylinders with flush and nonprotruding plain cross bores under internal pressure. The displacement formulation and eight-noded brick isoparametric elements were used. The Frontal solution technique was used due to the limited computing facilities. In the far field, the FEM stresses and displacements were in good agreement with the through thickness analytical values. The variation of SCF with d was established for various thickness ratios. For k> 1.25, the maximum hoop stress occurred away from the crotch corner when d≤0.2. For k=1.25, the maximum hoop stress occurred away from the crotch corner when d≤0.15. For k≥1.75, d was found to be a geometrical constant equal to 0.2 where the k values have a SCF of 2.734. For k

Mutuli GP, Mbuge DO, Gitau AN. "Effect of humidity on Aflatoxin contamination on selected African leafy vegetables. ." Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2021.
Mutuli SM, BIRIR JK, Maina DM, Kairu WM, Gatari MM. Welding Quality in Kenya: Application of Radiography. erepository.uonbi.ac.ke; 2014. AbstractWebsite

In Kenya, welding services are extensively employed in both the formal and informal sectors. The needs continue to increase with increasing population, infrastructure and vehicle fleet, and economic development. Welding need is even currently very important in support of …

Mutuli SM, Nyaoke G, Kihiu J, Murimi E. "A Survey of Ultrasonic Waves in Powder Transportation."; 2011.
Mutuli SM, Kihiu JM, Njoroge KD. "A Dislocation Density Evolution Model of Metal Plasticity.". 2013.Website
Mutuli GP, Mbuge DO, Gitau AN. "Convective drying modelling approaches: A review for herbs, vegetables and fruits." Journal of Biosystems Engineering. 2020;Volume 45:197-212 .
Mutuli GP, Mbuge DO. "Drying characteristics and energy requirement of drying coupea leaves and jute mallow vegetables. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE).". In: Engineering and Technology Innovation for Global Food Security Conference. Stellenbosch, South Africa; 2016.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and S.K. Moindi, A note on metric equivalence of operators, Far East Math Jourmal (FMJS), accepted March 2012, to appear.". In: Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM),2012, to appear. Far East Math Science Journal; Submitted.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and J.M. Khalagai, A note on Similarity, Almost-Similarity and Equivalence of Operators, Far East Mathematics Journal, Vol 28, Issue 2(February 2008), 305-317.". In: Far East Mathematics Journal, Vol 28, Issue 2(February 2008), 305-317. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM), 2012, to appear; 2008. Abstract
The almost-similar and similar relations between operators on finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces are investigated. It is shown that almost-similar operators share some properties with some other classes of operators. Various results on almost-similarity and similarity are proved. An attempt is made to classify those operators where almost-similarity implies similarity. We investigate some properties of corresponding parts of operators which enjoy these equivalence relations.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. "Commentary on Food Security: Published in Regional Development Dialogue (RDD)ournal on Reflections on Human Security Now; United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD),.". In: Vol. 24, No.2 Autumn. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2003. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU MRKISIMBIJOHNBOSCO. "PUBLIC FINANCE:- (DISTANCE LEARNING MODULE FOR KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY).". In: The TTMI project and the picnic model. Proc. of at both local and international levels a TTMI workshop April 1994 Nairobi, Kenya. (ISBNo 90-6754-403-5) pp136-146. University of nairobi; 2001. Abstract
Abstract in Bellamy, M. and B. Greenshields (eds), Issues in Agricultural Development: Sustainability and Cooperation. IAAE Occasional Paper No. 6. Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd, Aldershot.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "Stephen Moindi Kibet, G.P. Pokhariyal and B.M. Nzimbi, W_2-Recurrent LP-Sasakian manifold, Universal Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(UMMS) accepted in May 2012. Paper under review.". In: Asynchronous Content Development Workshop,Kenya Wildlife Service Training Institute, Naivasha, Kenya,31st March 2004. Universal Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(UMMS); Submitted.
Mutuku M, Ombui JN, Onyuka A. " Assessment of Coffee Pulp as a Potential Source of Tannins for Leather Processing." Textile & Leather Review;. 2022;5:132-146.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and J.M. Khalagai, Characterization of C_00 Contractions and their invariant subspaces, corrected manuscript re-submitted to Opuscula Mathematica, paper under review.". In: Nairobi, Kenya. Opuscula Mathematica,; 1981. Abstract
J. M. Khalagai,  held in Nairobi, Kenya in
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. "Traditional and Emerging Roles of Pastoral Women in Natural Resource Based Conflicts and Effects on Women's Positions in Different Levels of Society (upcoming publication; funded by IMPACT/CIDA-).". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2006. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU MRKISIMBIJOHNBOSCO. "MONEY AND BANKING:- (DISTANCE LEARNING MODULE FOR KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY).". In: The TTMI project and the picnic model. Proc. of at both local and international levels a TTMI workshop April 1994 Nairobi, Kenya. (ISBNo 90-6754-403-5) pp136-146. University of nairobi; 2001. Abstract
Abstract in Bellamy, M. and B. Greenshields (eds), Issues in Agricultural Development: Sustainability and Cooperation. IAAE Occasional Paper No. 6. Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd, Aldershot.
Mutuku, J., Nzuma, M.J., Irungu P. "Impact of World Food Programmer’s (WFP) Purchase for Progress (P4P) Pilot Project on Farm Incomes in Kenya. Case of Uasin Gishu and Narok Counties." Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development. 2019;7(1):797-808.
MUTUKU AK, KIMANI M, M.MAGADI. Fertility in Kenya: Analysis of birth intervals in Kenya. Saarbrucken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller; 2010.book.doc
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD. On Decomposition of Operators in Hilbert Spaces. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 1999. Abstract

The almost-similar and similar relations between operators on finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces are investigated. It is shown that almost-similar operators share some properties with some other classes of operators. Various results on almost-similarity and similarity are proved. An attempt is made to classify those operators where almost-similarity implies similarity. We investigate some properties of corresponding parts of operators which enjoy these equivalence relations.

MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "Moindi, S.K., Pokhariyal, G.P. and Nzimbi, B.M., W_4-Curvature tensor on a A-Einstein Sasakian manifold, Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS), accepted Feb 2012, to appear.". In: Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS). Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS); Submitted. Abstract
Aminoglutethimide (AG) 500 mg was administered orally to four normal volunteers and eight patients undergoing treatment for metastatic breast cancer. In each subject the acetylator phenotype was established from the monoacetyldapsone (MADDS)/dapsone (DDS) ratio. Acetylaminoglutethimide (acetylAG) rapidly appeared in the plasma and its disposition paralleled that of AG. A close relationship (P less than 0.01) was observed between the acetyl AG/AG and MADDS/DDS ratio suggesting that AG may undergo polymorphic acetylation like DDS. AG half-life was 19.5 +/- 7.7 h in seven fast acetylators of DDS and 12.6 +/- 2.3 h in five slow acetylators and its apparent metabolic clearance was significantly (P less than 0.01) related to the acetylAG/AG ratio. Over 48 h the fast acetylators excreted 7.7 +/- 4.4% of the administered AG dose in the urine as unchanged AG as compared to 12.4 +/- 2.8% in slow acetylators. A much smaller fraction of the dose was excreted as acetylAG: 3.6 +/- 1.5% by fast and 1.9 +/- 1.0% by slow acetylators respectively. After 7 days treatment with AG at an accepted clinical dose regimen to the eight patients there were significant reductions in the half-lives of AG (P less than 0.01) and acetylAG (P less than 0.01) and a trend (0.1 greater than P greater than 0.05) towards reduction of the acetylAG/AG ratio which became significant (P less than 0.05) if the one patient on a known enzyme inducer was omitted. The mean apparent volume of distribution was not significantly (P greater than 0.1) altered but the mean apparent systemic clearance of AG was increased (P less than 0.05). These changes are attributed to auto-induction of oxidative enzymes involved in AG metabolism.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "Stephen Moindi Kibet, G.P. Pokhariyal and B.M. Nzimbi, Study of W_4 Curvature tensor on Sasakian Manifold, Kenya J. Sciences(KJS), Vol. 14, No.1 2010, 1-8.". In: Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(PJMMS). Kenya Journal of Sciences(KJS),; 2010. Abstract
Aminoglutethimide (AG) 500 mg was administered orally to four normal volunteers and eight patients undergoing treatment for metastatic breast cancer. In each subject the acetylator phenotype was established from the monoacetyldapsone (MADDS)/dapsone (DDS) ratio. Acetylaminoglutethimide (acetylAG) rapidly appeared in the plasma and its disposition paralleled that of AG. A close relationship (P less than 0.01) was observed between the acetyl AG/AG and MADDS/DDS ratio suggesting that AG may undergo polymorphic acetylation like DDS. AG half-life was 19.5 +/- 7.7 h in seven fast acetylators of DDS and 12.6 +/- 2.3 h in five slow acetylators and its apparent metabolic clearance was significantly (P less than 0.01) related to the acetylAG/AG ratio. Over 48 h the fast acetylators excreted 7.7 +/- 4.4% of the administered AG dose in the urine as unchanged AG as compared to 12.4 +/- 2.8% in slow acetylators. A much smaller fraction of the dose was excreted as acetylAG: 3.6 +/- 1.5% by fast and 1.9 +/- 1.0% by slow acetylators respectively. After 7 days treatment with AG at an accepted clinical dose regimen to the eight patients there were significant reductions in the half-lives of AG (P less than 0.01) and acetylAG (P less than 0.01) and a trend (0.1 greater than P greater than 0.05) towards reduction of the acetylAG/AG ratio which became significant (P less than 0.05) if the one patient on a known enzyme inducer was omitted. The mean apparent volume of distribution was not significantly (P greater than 0.1) altered but the mean apparent systemic clearance of AG was increased (P less than 0.05). These changes are attributed to auto-induction of oxidative enzymes involved in AG metabolism.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. ""Work-based, Family and Consumer Research into Attitudes and Behaviour Towards Girls' Work in the Urban Informal Sectors in Nairobi, Kisumu, Mombasa, Eldoret, Nakuru, Nyeri and Busia Towns in Kenya" funded by ILO/IPEC.2006.". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2006. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "W_4-Curvature tensor on a A-Einstein Sasakian manifold." Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS). In Press. Abstract

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MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. "With Makumi Mwagiru: "Governance and Conflict Management", in P. Wanyande, M. Omosa and L. Chweya (eds.), Governance and Transition Politics in Kenya, Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press. 2007.". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2007. Abstract
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MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and J.M. Khalagai, Characterization of C_00 Contractions and their invariant subspaces, corrected manuscript re-submitted to Opuscula Mathematica, paper under review.". In: God Conference at Mara (Kenya). Proc. pp. 165-171 (New Era book). Opuscula Mathematica,; Submitted. Abstract
This paper investigates the possibilities of applying emerging management theories and techniques to constitutionally created offices in Kenya and East African region. The benefits from application of these theories, particularly in the judicial services are highlighted.
Mutuku A, Murungaru K, Magadi M.  Fertility in Kenya: Analysis of Birth intervals in Kenya. . Mauritius: VDM Publishing House LTD; 2010.
Mutuku FM, Ngugi HN, Ndenga BA, Musunzaji PS, Mbakaya JO, Aswani P, IRUNGU LUCYW, Mukoko D, Vulule J, Kitron U, LaBeaud AD. "Characterization and productivity profiles of Aedes aegypti (L.) breeding habitats across rural and urban landscapes in western and coastal Kenya.". 2017.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and S.K. Moindi, A note on A-self-adjoint and A-skew-adjoint operators and their extensions, Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences, accepted January, 2012, to appear.". In: Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(PJMMS). Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences; Submitted.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. ""Prevention of HIV/AIDS Among Adolescents in Kenya: A Review of Role Modelling Patterns", Monograph No. 3, Social Behaviour and Health. Published by the University of Nairobi Inter-Faculty Collaboration Programme.". In: Vol. 24, No.2 Autumn. University of Nairobi; 1995. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU MRKISIMBIJOHNBOSCO. "RESEARCH METHODS:- (DISTANCE LEARNING MODULE FOR KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY).". In: The TTMI project and the picnic model. Proc. of at both local and international levels a TTMI workshop April 1994 Nairobi, Kenya. (ISBNo 90-6754-403-5) pp136-146. University of nairobi; 2000. Abstract
Abstract in Bellamy, M. and B. Greenshields (eds), Issues in Agricultural Development: Sustainability and Cooperation. IAAE Occasional Paper No. 6. Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd, Aldershot.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "Moindi, S.K., Pokhariyal, G.P. and Nzimbi, B.M., W_4-Curvature tensor on a A-Einstein Sasakian manifold, Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS), accepted Feb 2012, to appear.". In: Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS). Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS); Submitted.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. "With Judith Bahemuka: "Culture and Communication: Traditional Modes and New Technologies", History of Humanity Vol. III, UNESCO. 2004.". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2004. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU MRKISIMBIJOHNBOSCO. "BUSINESS STATISTICS:- (DISTANCE LEARNING MODULE FOR KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY).". In: The TTMI project and the picnic model. Proc. of at both local and international levels a TTMI workshop April 1994 Nairobi, Kenya. (ISBNo 90-6754-403-5) pp136-146. University of nairobi; 2001. Abstract
Abstract in Bellamy, M. and B. Greenshields (eds), Issues in Agricultural Development: Sustainability and Cooperation. IAAE Occasional Paper No. 6. Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd, Aldershot.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and S.K. Moindi, A note on metric equivalence of operators, Far East Math Jourmal (FMJS), accepted March 2012, to appear.". In: Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS). Far East Math Science Journal; Submitted. Abstract
Aminoglutethimide (AG) 500 mg was administered orally to four normal volunteers and eight patients undergoing treatment for metastatic breast cancer. In each subject the acetylator phenotype was established from the monoacetyldapsone (MADDS)/dapsone (DDS) ratio. Acetylaminoglutethimide (acetylAG) rapidly appeared in the plasma and its disposition paralleled that of AG. A close relationship (P less than 0.01) was observed between the acetyl AG/AG and MADDS/DDS ratio suggesting that AG may undergo polymorphic acetylation like DDS. AG half-life was 19.5 +/- 7.7 h in seven fast acetylators of DDS and 12.6 +/- 2.3 h in five slow acetylators and its apparent metabolic clearance was significantly (P less than 0.01) related to the acetylAG/AG ratio. Over 48 h the fast acetylators excreted 7.7 +/- 4.4% of the administered AG dose in the urine as unchanged AG as compared to 12.4 +/- 2.8% in slow acetylators. A much smaller fraction of the dose was excreted as acetylAG: 3.6 +/- 1.5% by fast and 1.9 +/- 1.0% by slow acetylators respectively. After 7 days treatment with AG at an accepted clinical dose regimen to the eight patients there were significant reductions in the half-lives of AG (P less than 0.01) and acetylAG (P less than 0.01) and a trend (0.1 greater than P greater than 0.05) towards reduction of the acetylAG/AG ratio which became significant (P less than 0.05) if the one patient on a known enzyme inducer was omitted. The mean apparent volume of distribution was not significantly (P greater than 0.1) altered but the mean apparent systemic clearance of AG was increased (P less than 0.05). These changes are attributed to auto-induction of oxidative enzymes involved in AG metabolism.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, MILE DRJUSTUSKITHEKA. "Justus K. Mile, Bernard M. Nzimbi and S.K. Moindi, On the characterization of Class R_1 of non-normal operators in a Hilbert space, Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(PMMS), accepted March 2012, to appear.". In: Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(PJMMS). Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(PMMS); Submitted. Abstract
Aminoglutethimide (AG) 500 mg was administered orally to four normal volunteers and eight patients undergoing treatment for metastatic breast cancer. In each subject the acetylator phenotype was established from the monoacetyldapsone (MADDS)/dapsone (DDS) ratio. Acetylaminoglutethimide (acetylAG) rapidly appeared in the plasma and its disposition paralleled that of AG. A close relationship (P less than 0.01) was observed between the acetyl AG/AG and MADDS/DDS ratio suggesting that AG may undergo polymorphic acetylation like DDS. AG half-life was 19.5 +/- 7.7 h in seven fast acetylators of DDS and 12.6 +/- 2.3 h in five slow acetylators and its apparent metabolic clearance was significantly (P less than 0.01) related to the acetylAG/AG ratio. Over 48 h the fast acetylators excreted 7.7 +/- 4.4% of the administered AG dose in the urine as unchanged AG as compared to 12.4 +/- 2.8% in slow acetylators. A much smaller fraction of the dose was excreted as acetylAG: 3.6 +/- 1.5% by fast and 1.9 +/- 1.0% by slow acetylators respectively. After 7 days treatment with AG at an accepted clinical dose regimen to the eight patients there were significant reductions in the half-lives of AG (P less than 0.01) and acetylAG (P less than 0.01) and a trend (0.1 greater than P greater than 0.05) towards reduction of the acetylAG/AG ratio which became significant (P less than 0.05) if the one patient on a known enzyme inducer was omitted. The mean apparent volume of distribution was not significantly (P greater than 0.1) altered but the mean apparent systemic clearance of AG was increased (P less than 0.05). These changes are attributed to auto-induction of oxidative enzymes involved in AG metabolism.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. ""Traditional and Emerging Roles of Pastoral Women in Natural Resource based Conflicts and Effects on Women's Positions in Different Levels of Society" (upcoming publication; funded by IMPACT/CIDA-) 2006.". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2006. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "Stephen Moindi Kibet, G.P. Pokhariyal and B.M. Nzimbi, Study of W_4 Curvature tensor on Sasakian Manifold, Kenya J. Sciences(KJS), Vol. 14, No.1 2010, 1-8.". In: Global Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mathematical Sciences(GJTAMS). Kenya Journal of Sciences(KJS),; 2010. Abstract
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Mutuku MW, Lu L, Otiato FO, Mwangi IN, Kinuthia JM, Maina GM, Laidemitt MR, Lelo EA, Ochanda H, Loker ES, Mkoji GM. "A Comparison of Kenyan Biomphalaria pfeifferi and B. Sudanica as Vectors for Schistosoma mansoni, Including a Discussion of the Need to Better Understand …." The Journal of parasitology. 2017;103(6):669-676.
Mutuku MW, Brianna R Beechler, Ibrahim N Mwangi, Otiato FO, Horace Ochanda B. " A Search for Snail-Related Answers to Explain Differences in Response of Schistosoma mansoni to Praziquantel Treatment among Responding and Persistent Hotspot Villages along the Kenyan Shore of Lake Victoria." The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2019:tpmd190089.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. "Attitude towards girls work in selected urban areas in Kenya (study funded by ILO IPEC).". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2006. Abstract
Attitude towards girls work in selected urban areas in Kenya (study funded by ILO IPEC)
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "Stephen Moindi Kibet, G.P. Pokhariyal and B.M. Nzimbi, Study of W_4 Curvature tensor on Sasakian Manifold, Kenya J. Sciences(KJS), Vol. 14, No.1 2010, 1-8.". In: Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(PJMMS). Kenya Journal of Sciences(KJS),; 2010.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and J.M. Khalagai, Linear operators for which T* and T^2 commute, Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM), 2012, to appear.". In: Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM),2012, to appear. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM), 2012, to appear; Submitted.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and J.M. Khalagai, Linear operators for which T* and T^2 commute, Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM), 2012, to appear.". In: Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM),2012, to appear. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM), 2012, to appear; Submitted. Abstract
Recent publications have demonstrated that the protease caspase-1 is responsible for the processing of pro-interleukin 18 (IL-18) into the active form. Studies on cell lines and murine macrophages have shown that the bacterial invasion factor SipB activates caspase-1, triggering cell death. Thus, we investigated the role of SipB in the activation and release of IL-18 in human alveolar macrophages (AM), which are the first line of defense against inhaled pathogens. Under steady-state conditions, AM are a more important source of IL-18 than are dendritic cells (DC) and monocytes. Cytokine production by AM and DC was compared after both types of cells had been infected with a virulent strain of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and an isogenic sipB mutant, which were used as an infection model. Infection with virulent Salmonella led to marked cell death with features of apoptosis while both intracellular activation and release of IL-18 were demonstrated. In contrast, the sipB mutant did not induce such cell death or the release of active IL-18. The specific caspase-1 inhibitor Ac-YVAD-CMK blocked the early IL-18 release in AM infected with the virulent strain. However, the type of Salmonella infection did not differentially regulate IL-18 gene expression. We concluded that the bacterial virulence factor SipB plays an essential posttranslational role in the intracellular activation of IL-18 and the release of the cytokine in human AM.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. "With Judith Bahemuka: "Culture and Communication: Traditional Modes and New Technologies", History of Humanity Vol. III, UNESCO.". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2004. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU MRKISIMBIJOHNBOSCO. "INTRODUCTION TO INSURANCE:- (DISTANCE LEARNING MODULE FOR KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY).". In: The TTMI project and the picnic model. Proc. of at both local and international levels a TTMI workshop April 1994 Nairobi, Kenya. (ISBNo 90-6754-403-5) pp136-146. University of nairobi; 2001. Abstract
Abstract in Bellamy, M. and B. Greenshields (eds), Issues in Agricultural Development: Sustainability and Cooperation. IAAE Occasional Paper No. 6. Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd, Aldershot.
Mutuku C, K'Obonyo P, Awino ZB, Musyoka M. "Top Management Team Diversity, Involvement Culture and Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya." DBA Africa Management Review. 2013;3(2):70-80.1159-4208-1-pb1.pdf
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and S.K. Moindi, A note on A-self-adjoint and A-skew-adjoint operators and their extensions, Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences, accepted January, 2012, to appear.". In: Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(PJMMS). Pioneer Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences; Submitted. Abstract
Aminoglutethimide (AG) 500 mg was administered orally to four normal volunteers and eight patients undergoing treatment for metastatic breast cancer. In each subject the acetylator phenotype was established from the monoacetyldapsone (MADDS)/dapsone (DDS) ratio. Acetylaminoglutethimide (acetylAG) rapidly appeared in the plasma and its disposition paralleled that of AG. A close relationship (P less than 0.01) was observed between the acetyl AG/AG and MADDS/DDS ratio suggesting that AG may undergo polymorphic acetylation like DDS. AG half-life was 19.5 +/- 7.7 h in seven fast acetylators of DDS and 12.6 +/- 2.3 h in five slow acetylators and its apparent metabolic clearance was significantly (P less than 0.01) related to the acetylAG/AG ratio. Over 48 h the fast acetylators excreted 7.7 +/- 4.4% of the administered AG dose in the urine as unchanged AG as compared to 12.4 +/- 2.8% in slow acetylators. A much smaller fraction of the dose was excreted as acetylAG: 3.6 +/- 1.5% by fast and 1.9 +/- 1.0% by slow acetylators respectively. After 7 days treatment with AG at an accepted clinical dose regimen to the eight patients there were significant reductions in the half-lives of AG (P less than 0.01) and acetylAG (P less than 0.01) and a trend (0.1 greater than P greater than 0.05) towards reduction of the acetylAG/AG ratio which became significant (P less than 0.05) if the one patient on a known enzyme inducer was omitted. The mean apparent volume of distribution was not significantly (P greater than 0.1) altered but the mean apparent systemic clearance of AG was increased (P less than 0.05). These changes are attributed to auto-induction of oxidative enzymes involved in AG metabolism.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. ""Work-based, Family and Consumer Research into Attitudes and Behaviour Towards Girls' Work in the Urban Informal Sectors in Nairobi, Kisumu, Mombasa, Eldoret, Nakuru, Nyeri and Busia Towns in Kenya" (upcoming publication; funded by ILO/IPEC).". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2006. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU MRKISIMBIJOHNBOSCO. "COMMERCIAL LAW:- (UNPUBLISHED MODULE FOR DISTANCE LEARNING .". In: The TTMI project and the picnic model. Proc. of at both local and international levels a TTMI workshop April 1994 Nairobi, Kenya. (ISBNo 90-6754-403-5) pp136-146. University of nairobi; 2002. Abstract
Abstract in Bellamy, M. and B. Greenshields (eds), Issues in Agricultural Development: Sustainability and Cooperation. IAAE Occasional Paper No. 6. Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd, Aldershot.
MUTUKU AK. Analysis of birth intervals in Kenya. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2001.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. "A note on Similarity, Almost-Similarity and Equivalence of Operators." Far East Mathematics Journal. 2008;28(2(February 2008)):305-317. AbstractWebsite

The almost-similar and similar relations between operators on finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces are investigated. It is shown that almost-similar operators share some properties with some other classes of operators. Various results on almost-similarity and similarity are proved. An attempt is made to classify those operators where almost-similarity implies similarity. We investigate some properties of corresponding parts of operators which enjoy these equivalence relations.

MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, KIBET DRMOINDISTEPHEN, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH. "Stephen Moindi Kibet, G.P. Pokhariyal and B.M. Nzimbi, W_2-Recurrent LP-Sasakian manifold, Universal Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(UMMS) accepted in May 2012. Paper under review.". In: E.A.M. J. 58: 401-404, 1981. Universal Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences(UMMS); Submitted. Abstract
Aminoglutethimide (AG) 500 mg was administered orally to four normal volunteers and eight patients undergoing treatment for metastatic breast cancer. In each subject the acetylator phenotype was established from the monoacetyldapsone (MADDS)/dapsone (DDS) ratio. Acetylaminoglutethimide (acetylAG) rapidly appeared in the plasma and its disposition paralleled that of AG. A close relationship (P less than 0.01) was observed between the acetyl AG/AG and MADDS/DDS ratio suggesting that AG may undergo polymorphic acetylation like DDS. AG half-life was 19.5 +/- 7.7 h in seven fast acetylators of DDS and 12.6 +/- 2.3 h in five slow acetylators and its apparent metabolic clearance was significantly (P less than 0.01) related to the acetylAG/AG ratio. Over 48 h the fast acetylators excreted 7.7 +/- 4.4% of the administered AG dose in the urine as unchanged AG as compared to 12.4 +/- 2.8% in slow acetylators. A much smaller fraction of the dose was excreted as acetylAG: 3.6 +/- 1.5% by fast and 1.9 +/- 1.0% by slow acetylators respectively. After 7 days treatment with AG at an accepted clinical dose regimen to the eight patients there were significant reductions in the half-lives of AG (P less than 0.01) and acetylAG (P less than 0.01) and a trend (0.1 greater than P greater than 0.05) towards reduction of the acetylAG/AG ratio which became significant (P less than 0.05) if the one patient on a known enzyme inducer was omitted. The mean apparent volume of distribution was not significantly (P greater than 0.1) altered but the mean apparent systemic clearance of AG was increased (P less than 0.05). These changes are attributed to auto-induction of oxidative enzymes involved in AG metabolism.
MUTUKU DRMUTIEPIUS. "The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT).". In: African Crop Science Conference. University of Nairobi Case, in the proceedings of the IST-Africa 2008 Conference; Windhoek, Namibia; 2006. Abstract
The role of pastoralist women in conflict resolution and management (study funded by SIDA though IMPACT)
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. "Linear operators for which T* and T^2 commute." Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics(GJPAM),2012, to appear. Submitted. Abstract

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MUTUKU AK. "Population size, growth and structure in Kenya.". In: KENYA POPULATION SITUATION ANALYSIS. NAIROBI: REPUBLIC OF KENYA; 2013.
MUTUKU DRNZIMBIBERNARD, P PROFPOKHARIYALGANESH, M PROFKHALAGAIJAIRUS. "B.M. Nzimbi, G.P. Pokhariyal and J.M. Khalagai, A note on Similarity, Almost-Similarity and Equivalence of Operators, Far East Mathematics Journal, Vol 28, Issue 2(February 2008), 305-317.". In: Far East Mathematics Journal, Vol 28, Issue 2(February 2008), 305-317. Kenya Journal of Sciences(KJS),; 2008. Abstract
The almost-similar and similar relations between operators on finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces are investigated. It is shown that almost-similar operators share some properties with some other classes of operators. Various results on almost-similarity and similarity are proved. An attempt is made to classify those operators where almost-similarity implies similarity. We investigate some properties of corresponding parts of operators which enjoy these equivalence relations.
MUTUIRI DRBURURIAJOHN, NDIRANGU DKARIMIPETER, MAHINDRA DRMARUSHITAL, MOSES DRKURIAKIMANIARTHUR. "P.N. Karimi, S.M. Maru, J.M. Bururia, K.A.M. Kuria and P.A. Odhiambo (2006). Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci.9:71-73.". In: East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. au-ibar; 2006. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
MUTUIRI DRBURURIAJOHN, NDIRANGU DKARIMIPETER, MAHINDRA DRMARUSHITAL, MOSES DRKURIAKIMANIARTHUR. "P.N. Karimi, S.M. Maru, J.M. Bururia, K.A.M. Kuria and P.A. Odhiambo (2006). Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci.9:71-73.". In: East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. Taylor & Francis; 2006. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
MUTUIRI DRBURURIAJOHN, NDIRANGU DKARIMIPETER, MAHINDRA DRMARUSHITAL, MOSES DRKURIAKIMANIARTHUR. "P.N. Karimi, S.M. Maru, J.M. Bururia, K.A.M. Kuria and P.A. Odhiambo (2006). Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci.9:71-73.". In: East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 2006. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
MUTUIRI DRBURURIAJOHN, NDIRANGU DKARIMIPETER, MAHINDRA DRMARUSHITAL, MOSES DRKURIAKIMANIARTHUR. "P.N. Karimi, S.M. Maru, J.M. Bururia, K.A.M. Kuria and P.A. Odhiambo (2006). Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci.9:71-73.". In: East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. EAMJ; 2006. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
MUTUIRI DRBURURIAJOHN. "J. M. BURURIA, P. N. KINYANJUI, P. G. WAIYAKI AND S. M. KARIUKI Resistance of Klebsiella species Isolates from Two Institutions in Nairobi, Kenya to Commonly Prescribed antimicrobial Agents. East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.". In: East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 10 (2007) 22-26. au-ibar; 2007. Abstract
Two groups of 6 rats each received subcutaneous injections of 2.3 mg/kg or 5.0 mg/kg of quinuronium, respectively, on two consecutive days, while 5 rats injected with physiological saline served as controls. Clinical signs of muscular tremors, jumps, enlarged and hyperemic eyeballs, lacrimation, depression and anorexia were observed following administration of quinuronium. One rat receiving 5 mg/kg died before termination of the study. When killed 48 h after the first injection, the quinuronium-treated rats had a higher liver weight/body weight ratio compared to the controls. Quinuronium resulted in hepatic centrilobular fatty degeneration, but no depletion of hepatic glutathione (GSH). The present findings suggest that glutathione depletion does not seem to be involved in quinuronium hepatotoxicity
Mutui FN, Bao CV, Onyango V, Muhandiki V, and Mwaura F. "The Development and Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in Kenya." European Scientific Journal October 2013 Edition. 2013;Vol 19(29):165-185.
Mutua G.K, Karanja N.K, F A, H N, Kimenju J.W. "The potential of Bacillus subtilis and Rhizobium leguminosarum in controlling plant-parasitic nematodes in farmers’ fields.". 2011. Abstract

Assessment of the potential of dual inoculation of Bacillus subtilis and Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar phaseoli strain USDA 2674 on plant parasitic nematodes in bean was carried out on farmers’ fields. Bean seeds variety Rose Coco, were treated with three B. subtilis isolates namely K158, K194 and K263 singly or in combination with Rhizobium and then planted in nematode infested fields. Plant parasitic nematodes in the genera Meloidogyne, Pratylenchus and Scutellonema were dominant. Nematode diversity assessed by Shannon, Simpson’s, Trophic and Maturity indices declined with increased length of cultivation. Plant parasitic index was 63% higher in the cultivated farms compared to the natural forest. The dual innoculant enhanced nodulation variably depending on the length of cultivation and increased bean yields compared to the control. Bacillus subtilis isolates K194, K158 and K263 suppressed plant parasitic nematodes by 42, 36 and 28%, respectively. The potential of dual inoculation of Bacillus and Rhizobium in addressing nematode and soil fertility challenges was demonstrated in this study. Key words: Diversity, Kakemega, Kenya, nodulation, Phaseolus vulgaris

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