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Mwangi SW, Njihia M. "An Evaluation of Community Based Information Communication and Technology for Development Projects: Case of Digital Villages in Kenya.". In: The 8th International Operations Research of Eastern Africa Conference (ORSEA). Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 25th and 26th October 2012: ORSEA; 2012. Abstract
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Mwangi, J. OPA, Mwanda SO. "Pre-School Management and Impact on Learning Achievement in Mombasa County." Journal for Elementary Education. 2016. Abstract
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Mwangi JW, Sinei KA, Lwande W, others. "Essential Oil constituents of Artemisia Afra Willd." J. Essent. Oli Res.. 1995;7:97-99.
Mwangi EM. "Kafue Flats.". In: Golson, J.G (ed.) Biomes and Ecosystems: An Encyclopedia. Pasadena, CA.: Salem Press; 2013.mwangi_2013_kafue_flats.pdfmwangi_2013_kafue_flats.pdf
Mwangi JW, P. K. Gathumbi, Kibwage IO, Thoithi GN, Oketch-Rabah HA. "Alternative medicines and prostate enlargement-Prunus africana emphasis." Pharm. J. Kenya. 2001;(March):26-31.
Mwangi J, Ndithia HK, Kentie R, Muchai M, Tieleman IB. "AVIAN BIOLOGY.". 2018. Abstract
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MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, S.W. (2003) Challenges of Urban Environmental Governance: Participation and Partnerships in Nakuru Municipality, Kenya. AGIDS, University of Amsterdam. 319 pages. [Co-supervised PhD Research with Prof. Dr. G. A. Bruijne, Prof. Dr. Isa Baud and Dr.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2003. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
MWANGI PROFGATHUMAJ. "Njanja, J.C., Gathuma,J.M., Gitau, G.K. Njeruh, F.M. and Kinuthia, R.N. (2003). Pastrolists.". In: Nairobi Journal of Medince 1: 23, 1970. au-ibar; 2003. Abstract
No abstract available.
Mwangi  WE, Mogoa EM, Kimeli P, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN, Kirui G, Gitonga PN, Mande JD, Kariuki E, Mijele D. "Combined Epidural Lidocaine and Medetomidine-Ketamine isoflurane Anaesthesia for management of Femoral Fracture in a Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus).". 2016.
Mwangi HN, Onyango, Omosa LK, Mulaa F. "Virtual Screening and Validation of Potential Lead Compound from the Malaria Box against Plasmodium Falciparum S7 and S19 Proteins." Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2018;2(2).
Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Mogoa EG, Aleri JW, Kirui G. "Medetomidine-Tiletamine-Zolazepam Anaesthesia with Brachial Plexus Blockade: An Alternative Protocol for Canine Forelimb Surgerie." Research Journal of Animal Sciences. 2014;8(1):9-11.
Mwangi DM, Njagi LJ, MCLIGEYO SO, Kihoro JM, Ngeranwa JJ, Orinda GO, Njagi EN. "Subclinical nephrotoxicity associated with occupational silica exposure among male Kenyan industrial workers.". 2009. Abstract

To determine early signs of renal injury due to occupational silica exposure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical research. SETTINGS: Kenyatta National Hospital for the referent population and Clayworks ceramics, bricks and tiles factory for the assessment of occupational silica exposure. SUBJECTS: Thirty three non-smoking silica-exposed male industrial workers and 38 non-smoking male referents participated in this study. RESULTS: Silica-exposed males excreted significantly increased levels of U.TP, U.Malb, U.ALP, U.y-GT and U.LDH compared to referent males. Among the silica-exposed males, U.Si negatively correlated significantly with age, U.TP correlated significantly to each of U.ALP and U.LDH. However, no correlation was observed between work duration and U.Si. CONCLUSION: The present study shows that there is associated glomerular and proximal tubular damage among silica exposed workers which is not duration related and is seemingly subclinical and nonprogressive and urinary silica levels appears to be similar in all groups and are not affected by exposure and work duration: the reason for which is unclear.

Mwangi JN, Gathumbi PK, Kihurani DO, Mbithi PMF, Mbiuki SM. "Cutaneous Actinobacillosis in cattle. Clinical observations, diagnosis and treatment in eighteen cases." Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 1989;1:119-121.
Mwangi, E.W.& Okoth UA. "School Based Factors Influencing Pupils’ Discipline in Complimentary Primary Schools in Makadara Sub-County, Nairobi, Kenya." The International Journal of Science & Technoledge. 2018;6(4):78-83 .
Mwangi MW, Monda EO, Okoth SA, Jefwa JM. "Effect of Trichoderma harzianum and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth in tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) seedlings, napier (Pennisetum purpureum L) and tea (Camellia sinensis L) cuttings." Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems. 2009;(11):423-429. Abstract

A green-house study was conducted to investigate the ability of an isolate of Trichoderma harzianum (P52) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in enhancing growth in tomato seedlings, tea and napier grass cuttings. The effect of these bio-inoculants on growth was compared with the influence of Diammonium phosphate (DAP) fertilizer and the interactions of these three factors (P52, AMF and DAP). The plants were grown in plastic pots filled with sterilized soils. A completely randomized design was used and growth measurements taken on height shoot and root dry weights. It was observed that isolate P52 and DAP fertilizer individually enhanced growth in tomatoes, tea and napier while AMF only enhanced growth in tomatoes. Combinations of P52 and DAP; P52, AMF and DAP enhanced growth significantly (P<0.05). Trichoderma harzianum and AMF showed potential for use as biofertilizers to reduce on chemical inputs in the perspective of sustainable agriculture and conservation of natural resources.

Mwangi N, Minnies D, Parsley S, Patel D, Gichuhi S, Muthami L, Moorman C, Macleod D, Bascaran C, Foster A. "Developing open online learning resources: Lessons from a short course on the control of blindness from diabetic retinopathy.". In: College of Ophthalmologists in Eastern Central & Southern Africa (COECSA). Addis Ababa; 2018. Abstract

Background: A need identified during another study prompted the development of the open online course on control of blindness from diabetic retinopathy. In our technological age, potential for learning online can provide a unique opportunity to develop context-specific content for local relevance. We report on the lessons learnt in the development of this short online course for an international audience of diverse eye care practitioners.

Methods: We developed this online short course through a formal planning process facilitated by UNESCO. The participants included eye health educators, learning designers, and content experts. The course curriculum was informed by learning from an ongoing doctorate program, as well as by clinical, public health and educational experience.

Results: Lessons learnt include:
1. Identifying the need and content – Learning and research from a doctorate research program can inform content development.
2. Identifying the relevance – the content needs to be customized for the target audience and local context.
3. Developing the learning design – promoting digital teaching skills and co-creation of content are valuable entry points.
4. Accommodating appropriate peer review and mentorship may enhance learning and quality assurance.
5. Resource planning activities need to be documented as a learning point.
6. There are significant costs in course development, such as time spent in content development, and ongoing maintenance eg maintaining the online platform.
7. Sources of quality open access resources in eye care are limited.

Conclusion: Content development is a unique learning experience, and it is essential to develop and support context specific learning resources. Open educational practice supports a collaborative process that enhances relevance and quality of training. The online format emphasizes the importance of learning design requirements to bridge the transactional distance between the participant and the educator.

Mwangi W, Kakumu O, Munubi. "Involuntary Resettlement Policy and Praxis in Kenya: An evaluation of just terms of compensation." International Journal of Ecology, Family & Urban Studies . 2016;6(3).
Mwangi JW, Mungai NN, Thoithi GN, Kibwage IO. "Traditional herbal medicine in national healthcare in Kenya.". 2005. Abstract

Herbal medicine is becoming increasingly popular all over the world. There are studies suggesting that herbal therapies can be effective in mating certain conditions. This has been confirmed by the classic randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind well-designed clinical trials. With reliable information on herbal medicine, it is easier to integrate these therapies with tbe mainstream medicine. It is, unlikely that patients will completely abandon use of era I medical interventions but rather in a more pragmatic manner will choose to integrate other interventions as a part of their overall armamentarium of medical interventions. Can herbal medicine be integrated with mainstream medicine in Kenya and what are the challenges? This paper discusses these and other questions in respect of herbal medicine.

Mwangi, J.W., KAAYA GP, KIMONDO MG. "Infection of Amblyomma variegatum with a hymenopteran parasitoid in the laboratory and some aspects of its basi biology." Journal of Biological Control. 1994;4(2):101-104.
MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Harrison L.J.S., Muchemi, G.K.M. and Sewel, M.M.H.1985. Attempted infection of calves with cysticerci of Taenia crocutae and their subsequent serological response. Research in Veterinary Science 38:383-385.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1985. Abstract
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. Four hundred and thirty six pupils in two primary schools in Kibwezi, Kenya aged between seven and sixteen years and positive for S. mansoni were treated as follows: 320 pupils with a single dose of praziquantel at 40 mg/kg body weight and 116 controls with a placebo. Immediate and delayed side effects of praziquantel were observed. The main side-effects were abdominal pain (36.3%), headache (35.3%) and nausea (13.1%). There was correlation between frequencies of these side-effects and intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces. Other side-effects included dizziness (9.7%), fever (7.8%), urticaria and bloody diarrhoea. Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild and transient, and did not require any intervention. For ethical reasons, all pupils who served as controls were treated with praziquantel after the study. PMID: 8898462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
MWANGI MRMUREITHISTEPHEN. "The effects of Prosopis juliflora Hyne (DC) and Acacia tortilis (Forssk) trees on herbaceous plants species and soil physical and chemical properties, on Njemps flats Baringo District, Kenya. Kahi, C.H., Ngugi, R.K., Mureithi, S.M. and J.C. Ng.". In: Tropical and Sub-tropical Ecosystems 10 (3) (441-449). Tropical and Sub-tropical Ecosystems 10 (3) (441-449).; 2009. Abstract
Cities around the world are currently facing considerable pressure to cope with infrastructure provision amidst rapid urban development and economic growth. Kenya is also facing an increasing growth of informal settlements in her urban centres. As rapid urbanization takes its toll, so has the development and growth of slums. More than 34% of Kenya‟s total population lives in urban areas and of this, more than 71% is confined in informal settlements (UN-Habitat, 2009). This paper presents the result of study to assess the effects of the change in land use in two sub-catchments, in an urban area close to the Nairobi Central Business District (NCBD). The paper compares the change in land use of two regions in Nairobi, Kenya that are slowly changing due to the fast growing population and economy, on urban runoff.
MWANGI DRGAKUUCHRISTOPHER. "Gakuu, C. M. (2007). .". In: Conference Proceedings.; 2007.
Mwangi J. "Motivating the University Learner.". In: Pedagogical Training. Vol. 1. University of Nairobi; 2014. Abstract
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Mwangi JW, Thoithi GN, Addae-Mensah I, Achenbach H, undefined, Hassanali H. "Aromatic plants of Kenya IV: Volatile and some non-volatile constituents of the stem bark of Synadenium compactum NE Br. Var. compactum." East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sc.. 1999;1(1):5-7.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "KOSURA, W. AND MWANGI, I. K. Methods of Data Collection. In NGAU, P. AND KUMSSA, A. (2004 EDS) RESEARCH DESIGN, DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: A TRAINING MANUAL. Nairobi: UNCRD Africa Office. UNCRD Textbook Series No. 12. Chapter 7.pp97-113.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2004. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi, J.W., KAAYA GP, ESSUMAN S. "Studies on Ixodiphagus hookeri, a parasitoid of Amblyomma variegatum in Kenya.". In: Proceedings of 9th International Congress of Acarology. Columbus, Ohio, USA; 1994.
Mwangi IK, Muketha SM. "Value Chain Framework for Ascertaining Planning Sectors and Competencies." Africa Habitat Review. 2021;15 (No. 1):2157-2173.
Mwangi SC, Mbatia OLE, Nzuma JM. "Effects of Market Reforms on Irish Potato Price Volatility in Nyandarua District, Kenya.". 2013. Abstract

This paper evaluates the effects of market reform policies on the volatility of Irish potato prices in Kenya through an analysis of a 20 year monthly time series data set from Nyandarua district using an autoregressive econometric approach. The empirical results show that there has been a rise in Irish potato prices and lowering of price volatility after the implementation of market reform policies. The real prices exhibit seasonal variations around an upward trend with the prices being depressed during the harvesting period. The price risk premia is found to be negative revealing that the cost of carrying out Irish potato business declined, and farmers were better off with the implementation of the reforms. The collection and distribution of price information, storage of Irish potatoes during periods of glut, improvement in productivity and use of commodity exchange markets can help to reduce price volatility.

MWANGI MIRIE, Iraya C. "Determinants of Financial Performance of General Insurance Underwriters in Kenya." International Journal of Business and Social Science. 2014;5(13): 210-215. Abstract

The objective of the study was to establish the effect of corporategovernance practices on earnings management of companies listed at the Nairobi Security Exchange (NSE). The target population consisted of the 49companies that had been continuously and actively trading at the NSE between January 2010 and December 2012. Secondary data was used covering the period 2010 to 2012 and analyzed using linear regression to test the effect of the independent variables on the dependent variable. The study found that earnings management is negatively related to ownership concentration, board size and board independence but positively related to board activity and CEO duality. The study recommended the need fore ffective corporate governance practices in listed companies in Kenya to contribute to reduced earnings management and avert possible collapse of listed companies in Kenya.

Mwangi W, KIMANI M, Syagga P, Museleku E. "Implications of Agricultural Land Subdivision on Productivity, A Case of Kajiado County, Kenya." International Journal of Creative Research and Studies. 2018;2(6).
MWANGI DRMACHARIAS. "An outbreak of Bovine Leptospirosis due to Leptospira hardjo and Leptospira pomona in a Zero-grazing herd in Kenya. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. (1994), 42: 327-328.". In: journal. Central artificial Insemination Station Magazine; 1994. Abstract
Bovine foscioliosis coused by F. giganticais widespread in   There is a large collection of reports of fasciolosis in Kenya based on  abattoir data records from veterinary investigation laboratories (VILS) as well as reports on a few farm study was carried out to improve on the reports.  Diagnosis of fasciola infection has traditionally been based on detection of typical eggs in the faeces.  A variety of other techniques are now available eg enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which has shown to be sensitive and useful. Three agro-ecological zoned were defined depending on the reported prevalence; high risk, medium risk and low risk zones.  Two study districts were picked at random from each zone.  The study farms were selected using the two stage cluster sampling. Faecal and blood samples were collected on the farm.  Serum was later harvested.  ELISA and faecal sedimatation tests (FST) were carried out. A total of 2434 faecal and blood samples were screened.  ELISA achieved the highest (66%) positive rate of the samples from Kwale district and the lowest (23%) rate in Nakuru.  An overall positive prevalence of (43%) for fasciolosis was achieved.  The faecal sedimentation test showed prevalence of 19%.  In both tests high prevalence were observed in Kwale and Kilifi districts.  ELSA was always positive when FST was positive but not the converse. The on-famr survey utilizing two reliable diagnostic tests was meant to improve on existing abattoir reports.  Both tests showed fair to good agreements.  The higher detection by ELISA might be due to deworming and other reasons.  It was concluded that on-farm surveys are better than retrogressive studies; thought the latter are cheaper and faster.,  the current prevalence of fasciolosis are different from past reports with coastal showing higher than expected prevalences.
Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Nguhiu-Mwangi J, Mulei CM, others. "The Hematological and Cardiopulmonary Effects of Epidural Xylazine, Lidocaine and Their Combination in Acepromazine Sedated Dogs." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2014;3:46-51. Abstract
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Mwangi PM, Ochieng DE. "The Effect of Selected Macro-economic Variables on Exchange Rates in Kenya." African development finance journal. 2017;1(2):162-177. Abstractthe_effect_of_selected_macro_economic_variables_on_exchange_rates_in_kenya.pdf

Purpose – This paper sought to establish the effect of selected macro-economic variables
on exchange rates in Kenya. The selected macro-economic variables for this study were
interest rates, inflation rates and trade flows.
Methodology – The study was modeled as a descriptive survey. A data collection sheet
was used to collect secondary data from the published bulletin and other publications by
Central Bank of Kenya and Kenya National Bureau of Statistics for a period of ten years
between 2006 and 2015. The data was examined using descriptive, correlation and
regression analyses.
Findings - Results of the study showed that interest rate had a positive correlation
coefficient of 0.446 with exchange rate, Inflation rate and exchange rate had a correlation
coefficient of negative 0.395 while the Level of aggregation of trade flows had a
correlation coefficient of positive 0.829 to the exchange rate. The value of R square was
0.745, a discovery that 74.5 percent of the deviations in exchange rates in Kenya
occurred due to changes in interest rate, inflation rate and trade flows at 95 percent
confidence level. The significance value obtained was less than p=0.05 implying that the
model was statistically significant in predicting how the macro economic variables of
interest rate, inflation rate and trade flows affect exchange rates in Kenya.
Implications - The Kenyan shilling has been depreciating in value over the years
implying a weakening of its purchasing power in the international markets. Policy makers
should come up with policies that will contribute to reversing this trend. Managing the
prevailing levels of inflation, interest rates and trade flows will be key as they have been
found to significantly affect exchange rates.
Value - The study will act as a guide to variou

MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Eley, R.M. Strum, S.C., Muchemi, G. and Reid, G.D.F. 1989. Nutrition, body condition, activity patterns and parasitism of free-ranging troops of olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Kenya. American Journal of Primatology 18:209-219.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1989. Abstract
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. Four hundred and thirty six pupils in two primary schools in Kibwezi, Kenya aged between seven and sixteen years and positive for S. mansoni were treated as follows: 320 pupils with a single dose of praziquantel at 40 mg/kg body weight and 116 controls with a placebo. Immediate and delayed side effects of praziquantel were observed. The main side-effects were abdominal pain (36.3%), headache (35.3%) and nausea (13.1%). There was correlation between frequencies of these side-effects and intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces. Other side-effects included dizziness (9.7%), fever (7.8%), urticaria and bloody diarrhoea. Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild and transient, and did not require any intervention. For ethical reasons, all pupils who served as controls were treated with praziquantel after the study. PMID: 8898462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Mwangi N, Bascaran C, Gichuhi S, Kipturgo M, Manyara L, Macleod D, Moorman C, Foster A. "Rationale for integration of services for diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in Kenya." Eye (Lond). 2022;36(Suppl 1):4-11. AbstractWebsite

Background: Good diabetes mellitus (diabetes) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) management depends on the strength of the health system, prompting us to conduct a health system assessment for diabetes and DR in Kenya. We used diabetes and DR as tracer conditions to assess the strengths and weaknesses in the health system, and potential interventions to strengthen the health system. In this paper, we report on the need and relevance of integration to strengthen diabetes and DR care. This theme emerged from the health system assessment.

Methods: Using a mixed methods study design, we collected data from service providers in diabetes clinics and eye clinics in three counties, from key informants at national and county level, and from documents review.

Results: There is interest in integration of diabetes and DR services to address discontinuity of care. We report the findings describing the context of integration, why integration is a goal and how these services can be integrated. We use the results to develop a conceptual framework for implementation.

Conclusions: The principal rationale for integrated service provision is to address service gaps and to prevent complications of diabetes and DR. The stakeholder interest and the existing infrastructure can be leveraged to improve these health outcomes.

Mwangi TJ, Kibui AW. "Effects of Chemistry practicals on students' performance in secondary school chemistry." International Journal of Science and Research. 2017;(ISSN (Online)).
Mwangi, J.W., NEWSON RM, KAAYA GP. "Drop-off patterns for engorged adult females, nymphs and larvae of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus." Insect Science and Its Application. 1991;12:629-633.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, I. K. Regional Development Strategies for Enhancing Urban-Rural Linkages: Experiences and Implications for Local Economic Development in Kenya. In UN-HABITAT (2005) REPORT ON THE INTER-REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON URBAN-RURAL LINKAGES APPROACH TO DEVELO.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2005. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
and Mwangi, I. K., Mugo FW, Ndegwa E. "Land Fragmentation and Its Potential Effects on Maize Production in Kenya. Paper Presented at Maize for Kenya Consultative Workshop.". In: Maize for Kenya Consultative Workshop. ICRAF, Nairobi; 2019.
Mwangi JW, Mungai NN, Thoithi GN, Kibwage IO. "Traditional/Herbal Medicine in National Healthcare in Kenya." East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sc.. 2005;8:22-26.
Mwangi KW, Macharia RW, Bargul JL. "Gene co-expression network analysis of Trypanosoma brucei in tsetse fly vector." Parasit Vectors. 2021;14(1):74. Abstract

Trypanosoma brucei species are motile protozoan parasites that are cyclically transmitted by tsetse fly (genus Glossina) causing human sleeping sickness and nagana in livestock in sub-Saharan Africa. African trypanosomes display digenetic life cycle stages in the tsetse fly vector and in their mammalian host. Experimental work on insect-stage trypanosomes is challenging because of the difficulty in setting up successful in vitro cultures. Therefore, there is limited knowledge on the trypanosome biology during its development in the tsetse fly. Consequently, this limits the development of new strategies for blocking parasite transmission in the tsetse fly.

MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, I.K. Research Funding: The Remaining Option. University of Nairobi, Varsity Focus November 1995:6-9.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 1995. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi GG, Wagacha JW, Nguta JM, Mbaria JM. "Brine shrimp cytotoxicity and antimalarial activity of plants traditionally used in treatment of malaria in Msambweni district." Pharmaceutical Biology. 2015;53(4):588-593.
Mwangi PW, Chemining'wa GN, Mburu MWK, Mureithi JG. "Decomposition and nutrient release rates of selected legume residues in a cold semiarid environment of Kenya." International Journal of Agronomy and agricultural Research. 2013;3(2):1-13.decomposition_and_nutrient_release_rates_of_selected_legume.pdf
MWANGI IK. "The Challenges of Sustainable Urban Development: The Case of Umoja I Residential Community in Nairobi City, Kenya. .". In: Eco-city Planning: Policies, Practices and Design. Berlin, Germany: : Springer Science + Business Media. ; 2011.
Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Mwangi JN, Mbuthia PG, Mbugua, M. "S.W. A systematic review of analgesia practices in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy." Veterinary World. 2018;11(12):1725-1735.
Mwangi JT, Kibui AW. "Effect of Chemistry Practicals on Students’ Performance in Chemistry in Public Secondary Schools of Machakos and Nairobi Counties in Kenya." International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2017;Volume 6(Issue 8):586-588.
Mwangi, J.W., HASSAN, S. M., KAAYA GP, ESSUMAN S. "The impact of Ixodiphagus hookeri, a tick parasitoid on Amblyomma variegatum (Acari: Ixodidae) in a field trial in Kenya." Experimental and Applied Acarology. 1997;21:117-126.
MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Muchemi, G.K.M. (1992) Baboons as maintenance hosts of human schistosomiasis in Kenya. Ph. D. thesis University of Liverpool, U.K.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1992. Abstract
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. Four hundred and thirty six pupils in two primary schools in Kibwezi, Kenya aged between seven and sixteen years and positive for S. mansoni were treated as follows: 320 pupils with a single dose of praziquantel at 40 mg/kg body weight and 116 controls with a placebo. Immediate and delayed side effects of praziquantel were observed. The main side-effects were abdominal pain (36.3%), headache (35.3%) and nausea (13.1%). There was correlation between frequencies of these side-effects and intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces. Other side-effects included dizziness (9.7%), fever (7.8%), urticaria and bloody diarrhoea. Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild and transient, and did not require any intervention. For ethical reasons, all pupils who served as controls were treated with praziquantel after the study. PMID: 8898462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
MWANGI DRGAKUUCHRISTOPHER. "Gakuu C. M.(2010) .". In: Conference Proceedings.; 2010. Abstract
ABSTRACT The family Labiatae, commonly called the mint family, is one of the flowering group of plants that has been found to have great medicinal potential. In this study, at least twenty-eight (28) indigenous species which are popular among Kenyan herbalists have been collected from the Rift Valley and central parts of Kenya. Preliminary chemical analysis of the Ocimum genus has revealed several different components of essential oils. There is evidence that further and more intensive research on the medicinal aspects of the family is called for.
Mwangi PW, Wambugu S, Kariuki DK, Mbugua PM, Kanui TI. "Antinociceptive activities of the ethanolic extracts of ocimum kilimandscharicum baker ex gürke and ocimum kenyense ayob. ex a.j. paton leaves.". 2012. Abstract

Ocimum kilimandscharicum and Ocimum kenyense are two closely related species endemic to Kenya. They find wide application in a diverse array of medicinal applications, including pain relief. The present investigation was carried out to study their antinociceptive activity using the radiant tail-flick test in mice. At 100, 200, 400 and 800 (mg/kg Bwt) dosages, the ethanolic leaf extracts of both O. kilimandscharicum and kenyense exhibited statistically significant antinociceptive activities (p < 0.01), in a dose dependent manner. The experimental results obtained in this study therefore validate the traditional uses of these plant species as analgesics. Further, this study provides a springboard into future phytochemical and pharmacological studies of these plant species.

Mwangi KM, Muriuki GM. "The Use of “historical lenses” in navigating dynamic policy discourses with special emphasis on Kenya." Journal of Applied Management Science. 2015;2(9).
Mwangi J, Justus I, Hellen I, Winston A, Ibrahim K, W MT, M. NL. "Transforming Early Childhood Teacher Education using an Early Grade Reading Instruction Curriculum (EGRIC)."; 2015.
MWANGI MRMUREITHISTEPHEN. "Strategies for Mitigating Drought-induced Resource Use Conflicts among Pastoralists of Northwestern Kenya. Climate change and conflict: Where to for conflict sensitive climate adaptation in Africa? EXPERT SEMINAR: 15 & 16.". In: ACCORD. Johannesburg, South Africa: Rangeland Ecology & Management; 2011. Abstract

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MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, I. K. (2006) Book Review Article. KUMSSA, A. AND MCGEE, T. G. (2001 EDS) New Regional Development Paradigms Volume 1: Globalization and the New Regional Development Connecticut, USA: Published by Greenwood Press, 88 Post Rod West, Connecticut, USA.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2006. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi JM, Kariuki MI, Muturi PG. "). Influence of strategic planning on performance of state corporations in Kenya. ." International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications.. 2020;10(5).
Mwangi JW, Thoithi GN, Kibwage IO, Demo MS, Oliva MM, Zunino MP, Zygadlo JA. "Essential oil of Rhynchosia minima from Kenya: Composition and antibacterial properties." J. Essential Oil Research. 2005;17:230-231.
Mwangi AP-. "From the Editor’s Desk." The Nairobi Journal of the Literature: Convergence and Divergence in Literature. 2014;(7):3.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "FLURY, M., MWANGI, I.K. ET AL Stakeholders in the Limelight: Principles of Actor-Centred Resource Management. Eastern and Southern Africa Geographical Journal Vol. 8. Special Number 1998: 97-105.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 1998. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
MWANGI PROFGATHUMAJ. "Njeruh, F.M., Gathuma, J.M. and Tumboh-Oeri, A.G. (1986). Diagnosis of hydatidosis in Kenya I. The role of indirect haemagglutination test (IHA) based on a thermostable antigen E. Afr. Med. J. 63 (5) 311 .". In: journal. au-ibar; 1986. Abstract
Experimentally, two hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) antigens (antigens 4 and 5) were found to be the most immunogenic antigens in HCF.  The two antigens were precipitated together from HCF.  This was done by adding 2M phosphotungstic acid and 2M magnesium chloride pollutions to clarified HCF whilte continuously stirring the mixture.  The precipitate formed was suspend in physiological saline (PS).  This antigens solutions was used to coat microtitre plates fro indirect ELISA.  Indirect ELISA was performed on 180 randomly selected bovine sera. The sensitivity of the test was found to be 98% while the specificity was 70%.  The predictive value was 89%.  Although the specificity of the test was relatively low, the test using these partially purified antigens was found to be useful because of its high sensitivity.
MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Sparganosis in non-human primates. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 64:243-244.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1997. Abstract
Virology Research Division, Institute of Primate Research, Karen, Nairobi, Kenya. ipr@elci.sasa.unep.no The objective of this study was to investigate the gastro-intestinal (GIT) parasites commonly occurring in captive and wild-trapped (WT) non-human primates (baboons, vervets and Sykes) in Kenya and compare their prevalence. Three hundred and fifteen faecal samples were subjected to a battery of diagnostic tests, namely, direct smear, modified formal ether sedimentation, Kato thick smear, Harada-Mori techniques for parasite detection and culture to facilitate nematode larvae identification. Of these, 203 (64.4%) harboured helminths and 54 (17.1%) had protozoa. The helminth parasites comprised Strongyloides fulleborni 141 (44.8%), Trichuris trichuira 200 (63.5,%), Oesophagostomum sp. 48 (15.2%), Trichostrongylus sp. 73 (23.2%), Enterobius vermicularis 44 (14.0%), Schistosoma mansoni 4/92 (4.3%) and Streptopharagus sp. 68 (21.6%). Protozoan parasites consisted of Entamoeba coli 204 (64.8%), Balantidium coli 127 (40.3%) and Entamoeba histolytica 78 (24.8%). Both WT and colony-borne (CB) primates had similar species of parasites, but higher prevalences of protozoan infection were observed in CB baboons while helminth infections were relatively more common in WT primates. Some of the parasites observed in this study are reported to be zoonotic in various parasitological literatures. Chemoprophylaxis and other managerial practices were believed to be responsible for the lower worm prevalence in CB primates. Similar intervention against protozoa and other agents will not only improve primate health, but also increase safety to animal handlers and colony workers. PMID: 9760061 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
MWANGI PROFGATHUMAJ. "Gathuma, J.M. and Kagiko, M.M. (1980). Veterinary Science and Human Health. The Kenya Veterinarian 4 (1), 1 .". In: journal. au-ibar; 1980. Abstract
Antisera to thermostable muscle antigens from 13 wild animals: Buffalo, Waterbuck, Bushbuck, Eland, Oryx, Kongoni, Bushpig, Warthog, Topi, Thomson’s gazelle, Grant’s gazelle, Sheep, Pig, Horse, Camel & Dog, were raised in rabbits and/or goats. Absorptions of the antisera with copolymerized pooled serum from the 20 species and the thermostable muscle antigens rendered most of the antisera mmonospecific. It was possible to identify the species of origin of saline extracts of both cooked and fresh meat samples in immunodiffusion tests. The method is promising for use in identification of the species origin of fresh and cooked animal meats.
MWANGI DRISAACKARANJA. "NATURE AND SCOPE OF INTEGRATED, SECTORAL AND SPATIAL PLANNING UNDER COUNTY GOVERNMENT ACT NO 17 2012.". In: 2nd National Conference on Planning Under a Devolved System of Government in Kenya. Imperial Hotel; 2013. Abstract

The paper is about the nature and scope of planning under the County Government Act No 17 2012.It focuses on preparing the plans covered in Sections 108, Section 109 and Section 110 this law. The bias is obviously, on methodology of preparing county integrated development plan (CIDP) given the importance placed on the plan in sustainable socio-economic development and environmental management under devolved system of government. The author’s own practical experience and viewpoints on integrated (development) planning as a researcher and practicing planner has informed this focus. The paper has demonstrated that there are advantages in preparing CIDP, county sectoral plans (CSP) and county spatial plans (CSPP) under one county planning project or programme. The objective of this approach in the paper is to draw attention of conference participants to reflect and share their own practical experiences in integrated (development) planning during plenary discussions. A comment on city and municipal plans which are prepared under Section 111 is highlighted before possible structure of organization for county planning presented. One of the conclusions of the paper is that nature and scope of integrated, sectoral and spatial planning in the counties predispose CIDP, CSP and CSPP better prepared as one county planning project or programme and not as three separate projects/ programmes, one for each. The three plans share common phases and steps in the planning methodology which encompass CP-ISED and CP-TPKS models discussed in the paper.The paper makes a key recommendation, among others that, it is cost effective to prepare the three county-wide plans under one county planning project or programme and not as three separate undertakings as this has possibilities of saving counties significant percentage (%) proportion of the budget allocated for county planning.

Mwangi JW, Achola KJ, Sinei KA, Munenge RW. "Pharmacological acitivities of Synadenium Compactum.". 1994.
MWANGI DRGAKUUCHRISTOPHER. "GAKUU,C.M.& KIDOMBO H.J.(2010) Fundamentals of Management Master in Project Planning and management, Distance learning Study module, University.". In: E-content Study Modules.; 2010. Abstract
ABSTRACT The family Labiatae, commonly called the mint family, is one of the flowering group of plants that has been found to have great medicinal potential. In this study, at least twenty-eight (28) indigenous species which are popular among Kenyan herbalists have been collected from the Rift Valley and central parts of Kenya. Preliminary chemical analysis of the Ocimum genus has revealed several different components of essential oils. There is evidence that further and more intensive research on the medicinal aspects of the family is called for.
Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Mwangi JN, Mbuthia PG, Mbugua SW, others. "Effects of butorphanol, meloxicam and butorphanol-meloxicam combination on wound healing after ovariohysterectomy in dogs." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2019;8:300-307. Abstract
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wandia Mwangi MM. God in the Philosophy of George Edward Moore. Rome: Pontifical Urbaniana University ; 1972.
MWANGI MRMUREITHISTEPHEN. "Evaluation of Forest Community Associations as Avenues for Participatory Forest Management in Kenya. Alice W. Mwangi and Stephen M. Mureithi. In: Ongugo P.O., Kagombe J.K., Wandago B.O., Gachanja M and Mbuvi M.T., 2008 (eds.) Better Managed Forests and Im.". In: 1st National Participatory Forest Management Conference. June 6 - 8, 2007. KEFRI, Muguga, Kenya. KEFRI; 2007. Abstract
Cities around the world are currently facing considerable pressure to cope with infrastructure provision amidst rapid urban development and economic growth. Kenya is also facing an increasing growth of informal settlements in her urban centres. As rapid urbanization takes its toll, so has the development and growth of slums. More than 34% of Kenya‟s total population lives in urban areas and of this, more than 71% is confined in informal settlements (UN-Habitat, 2009). This paper presents the result of study to assess the effects of the change in land use in two sub-catchments, in an urban area close to the Nairobi Central Business District (NCBD). The paper compares the change in land use of two regions in Nairobi, Kenya that are slowly changing due to the fast growing population and economy, on urban runoff.
Mwangi AN, Njogu PM, Maru SM, Njuguna NM, Njaria PM, Mathenge AW. "Meloxicam emulgels for topical management of rheumatic diseases: Formulation development, in vitro and in vivo characterization." Saudi Pharmaceut. Jour. 2021;29(4):351-360.
Mwangi JW, Mensah IA, G.Muriuki, R.Munavu, L.W L. Antimicrobial activity of lippie grandifolia and lippa javancia. Biology and chemistry of active natural substances. Bonn: Thieme George, Thieme Verlag Strutgart, New York ; 1990.
MWANGI IK. "Creating Alternative Livelihoods in Laikipia County." Africa Habitat Review . 2018;Volume 12(Issue 1):1195-1214.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, I. K. Canadian Planning Education in East Africa. Plan Canada April, May, June 2001, Vol 41. No. 2. pp26.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2001. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi M, Kituyi E, Ouma G, Macharia D. "Indicator approach to assessing climate change vulnerability of communities in Kenya: a case study of Kitui county." Scientific Research. 2020. Abstractscirp.org

Community vulnerability to climate change can be conceptualized as an aggregate of three vulnerability components: exposure to climatic stress, sensitivity to climate stress and adaptive capacity. However, even within similar regions these vulnerability components are spatially differentiated necessitating the understanding of a regions vulnerability pattern before targeting adaptation assistance. This research sought to understand the differentiated vulnerability patterns of communities in Kitui County as well as the existing coping strategies to guide implementation of adaptation assistance. Indicator approach to vulnerability assessment and focus group discussions were used to understand the vulnerability pattern and coping strategies respectively. Results showed a differentiated vulnerability pattern with a west to east gradient across Kitui County. The pattern exhibited less vulnerability scores on the western and central parts and more vulnerability scores on the eastern and northern parts of the County. Existing coping strategies have become inadequate with increasing climate variability, severity and frequency of extreme climate events, which render the communities even more vulnerable. The patterns of vulnerability can guide appropriate targeting of adaptation assistance and in turn lead to improved climate change resilience and community livelihoods.

Mwangi HN'u, Wagacha P, Mathenge P, Sijenyi F, Mulaa F. "Structure of the 40S ribosomal subunit of Plasmodium falciparum by homology and de novo modeling." 7. 2017;1:97-105. AbstractFull Text

Generation of three dimensional structures of macromolecules using in silico
structural modeling technologies such as homology and de novo modeling has improved
dramatically and increased the speed by which tertiary structures of organisms can be
generated. This is especially the case if a homologous crystal structure is already available.
High-resolution structures can be rapidly created using only their sequence information as
input, a process that has the potential to increase the speed of scientific discovery.

Mwangi HN'u, Wagacha P, Mathenge P, Sijenyi F, Mulaa F. "Structure of the 40S ribosomal subunit.". 1996.
Mwangi FM, Wanderi PM, Wamukoya EK, Onywera VO, Gitonga ER. "Effects of different arm kinematics on performance in long distance running." International journal of current research. 2011;3(6):185-190.
MWANGI EN, KAAYA GP, ESSUMAN S, KIMONDO MG. "Parasitism of Amblyomma variegatum by a Hymenopteran Parasitoid in the Laboratory, and Some Aspects of Its Basic Biology.". Submitted. AbstractParasitism of Amblyomma variegatum by a Hymenopteran Parasitoid in the Laboratory, and Some Aspects of Its Basic Biology

Unfed Amblyomma variegatum F. nymphs were experimentally infected in the laboratory with a hymenopteran parasitoid, Ixodiphagus hookeri (Howard). The parasitoid was originally obtained from ticks collected from cattle in the Trans-Mara area of Kenya where it naturally infects 50% of A. variegatum nymphs. In the field, nymphs collected from cattle were found to be infected, but not those collected from grass. The optimum temperature for emergence of parasitoids from the nymphs in the laboratory was 28°C, but emerged parasitoids were more active and survived longer at 22°C. There was a higher proportion of parasitoid nonemergence from laboratory-infected than from the field-infected nymphs. This study is the first record of infection of A. variegatum in the laboratory with a parasitoid. Possibilities of mass rearing and use of the parasitoid as a biocontrol agent for ticks are discussed.

MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "The development of Schistosomiasis mansoni in an immulogically na.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1998. Abstract
Division of Vector Borne Diseases, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya. The relocation of several thousand members of the Kamba tribe from the Kyulu Hills to the Thange valley near Masongaleni in Kenya provides an excellent opportunity to study the development of the immune response to schistosomiasis mansoni in a population with little or no previous experience of the infection. An adjacent, well-established Kamba community with similar patterns of water contact provides a suitable endemic control population. The immigrants were, uniquely, examined shortly after their arrival in the endemic area, while the prevalence of infection was still low. At this time faecal egg counts peaked atypically around 30 years of age. Over the next 12-18 months infection increased rapidly, especially among teenagers, producing a pattern of infection more typical of endemic communities. This substantially narrows estimates of the time required to develop the important determinants of the age-intensity profile, supporting the notion that changes related to age per se, rather than duration of infection, dominate. Age-dependent factors might include behaviour or physiology, including immune response. This paper provides the background for continuing longitudinal studies on the development of immunological responses to this parasite. PMID: 9778634 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
MWANGI DRMACHARIAS. "A Preliminary Serological Survey for Leptospiral Agglutinins in Sheep and Goats of Kenya. Trop. Georgr. Med. 40:.". In: journal. Central artificial Insemination Station Magazine; 1988. Abstract
Bovine foscioliosis coused by F. giganticais widespread in   There is a large collection of reports of fasciolosis in Kenya based on  abattoir data records from veterinary investigation laboratories (VILS) as well as reports on a few farm study was carried out to improve on the reports.  Diagnosis of fasciola infection has traditionally been based on detection of typical eggs in the faeces.  A variety of other techniques are now available eg enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which has shown to be sensitive and useful. Three agro-ecological zoned were defined depending on the reported prevalence; high risk, medium risk and low risk zones.  Two study districts were picked at random from each zone.  The study farms were selected using the two stage cluster sampling. Faecal and blood samples were collected on the farm.  Serum was later harvested.  ELISA and faecal sedimatation tests (FST) were carried out. A total of 2434 faecal and blood samples were screened.  ELISA achieved the highest (66%) positive rate of the samples from Kwale district and the lowest (23%) rate in Nakuru.  An overall positive prevalence of (43%) for fasciolosis was achieved.  The faecal sedimentation test showed prevalence of 19%.  In both tests high prevalence were observed in Kwale and Kilifi districts.  ELSA was always positive when FST was positive but not the converse. The on-famr survey utilizing two reliable diagnostic tests was meant to improve on existing abattoir reports.  Both tests showed fair to good agreements.  The higher detection by ELISA might be due to deworming and other reasons.  It was concluded that on-farm surveys are better than retrogressive studies; thought the latter are cheaper and faster.,  the current prevalence of fasciolosis are different from past reports with coastal showing higher than expected prevalences.
MWANGI DRGAKUUCHRISTOPHER. "GAKUU, C.M. AND KIDOMBO H.J.(2010) Pedagogical Integration of ICT in Kenyan Secondary Schools: Application of Bennett.". In: Referred Journal.; 2010. Abstract
ABSTRACT The family Labiatae, commonly called the mint family, is one of the flowering group of plants that has been found to have great medicinal potential. In this study, at least twenty-eight (28) indigenous species which are popular among Kenyan herbalists have been collected from the Rift Valley and central parts of Kenya. Preliminary chemical analysis of the Ocimum genus has revealed several different components of essential oils. There is evidence that further and more intensive research on the medicinal aspects of the family is called for.
Mwangi WE, Kipyegon AN, Mogoa EM, Karanja DN. "Diffuse Peritonitis Associated With Ventral Hernia In An Adult Doe." IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 2014;7. Abstract
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MWANGI MRMUREITHISTEPHEN. "Mureithi, S. M., Verdoodt, A. and Van Ranst E. 2010. Effects and implications of enclosures for rehabilitating degraded semi-arid rangelands: Critical lessons from Lake Baringo Basin, Kenya. In: Land Degradation and Desertification: Assessment, Mitigation.". In: Journal Arid Land. Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York. DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-8657-0.; 2010. Abstract
Cities around the world are currently facing considerable pressure to cope with infrastructure provision amidst rapid urban development and economic growth. Kenya is also facing an increasing growth of informal settlements in her urban centres. As rapid urbanization takes its toll, so has the development and growth of slums. More than 34% of Kenya‟s total population lives in urban areas and of this, more than 71% is confined in informal settlements (UN-Habitat, 2009). This paper presents the result of study to assess the effects of the change in land use in two sub-catchments, in an urban area close to the Nairobi Central Business District (NCBD). The paper compares the change in land use of two regions in Nairobi, Kenya that are slowly changing due to the fast growing population and economy, on urban runoff.
Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Oliang'a F, Shah D, Mande JD, Kariuki E, Gakuya F. "Clinical, Hemato-Biochemical, Histopathological Features and Surgical Management of Pyometra in a Captive African Lioness (Panthera Leo).". In: 49th annual Kenya Veterinary Scientific Conference. Busia-Kenya; 2015.
Mwangi W, Kiai W. Focus on the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation; 2002.
Mwangi IK(2020). "Proposing a Conceptual Model of Planning Methodology in Public Domain." Africa Habitat Review . 2020;Vol. 14, No.3,(ISSB 2519-7851).
and Mwangi, E. Raharimampionona LSABJPEPS. "Bodiversity: Chapter 7 in African Environment Outlook 2: Our Environment, Our Wealth.". In: African Environment Outlook 2: Our Environment, Our Wealth. United Nations Environment Programme; 2006.
Mwangi JW, Thoithi GN,(Jr.) JHR, Zygadlo JA. "Composition of the essential oil of Microglossa pyrrhopappa var. pyrrhopappa." J. Essential Oil Research. 2001;13:228-330.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "NGAU, P. M. AND MWANGI, I. K. (2003 EDS) Nyandarua District Regional Development Plan, 2001 .". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2003. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi JW, Thoithi GN, Kibwage IO. Essential oil bearing plants from Kenya: Chemistry, biological activity and applications. In H.R. Juliani, J.E. Simon and C.T. Ho (eds).. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society Symposium Series 1021,American Chemical Society; 2009.
Mwangi AM, den Hartog AP, Mwadime RKM, van Staveren WA, Foeken DWJ. "Do street food vendors sell a sufficient variety of foods for a healthy diet? The case of Nairobi." Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2002;23(1):48-56.Website
Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Mathai LW, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN. "Management of Puff Adder (Bitis Arietans) Snake Bite and Envenomation in Dogs: Case Report." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2014;3(3):160-162.
MWANGI PROFGATHUMAJ. "Kang.". In: journal. au-ibar; 1987. Abstract
An enzyme immunoassay (EIA) suitable for use in identification of cooked and autoclaved meat samples using antisera to thermostable muscle antigens (TMA) is described. Goat antisera to TMA of various species were tested against homologous and heterologous partially purified thermostable muscle antigens (PTMA) in an indirect EIA. Goat anti-eland and anti-cattle TMA sera were the poorest in differentiating other species PTMAs. Identification of various species PTMAs could be achieved using a battery of goat anti-TMA sera, where homologous goat anti-TMA serum fails to differentiate some of the PTMAs tested.
Mwangi W, Mwembe O. "The use of Corporate Social Responsibility as a tool of Doing Business amongst Kenya’s Construction Firms." International Journal Of Research In Business Management . 2015;3(9).
Mwangi, J.W., NEWSON RM, KAAYA GP. "A new hymenopteran species of parasitoid isolated from the Bont tick, Amblyomma variegatum." Discovery and Innovation. 1993;5:331-335.
MWANGI DRGAKUUCHRISTOPHER. "Karsenti, Collins, Harper, Gakuu, Barry, Hafkins (2011). Pedagogical Integration of ICT: Successes and Challeges from 87 African Countries. Ottawa, ON: IDRC.". In: Text Book.; 2011. Abstract
ABSTRACT The family Labiatae, commonly called the mint family, is one of the flowering group of plants that has been found to have great medicinal potential. In this study, at least twenty-eight (28) indigenous species which are popular among Kenyan herbalists have been collected from the Rift Valley and central parts of Kenya. Preliminary chemical analysis of the Ocimum genus has revealed several different components of essential oils. There is evidence that further and more intensive research on the medicinal aspects of the family is called for.
Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Mathai LW, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN, others. "Management of puff adder (Bitis arietans) snake bite and envenomation in dogs: case report." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2014;3:160-162. Abstract
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MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Allsopp, B.A. MacPherson, C.N.L., Jones, A. and Muchemi, G.K. 1984. Techniques for the identification of gastrointestinal helminths obtained from carnivores in Kenya. Proceedings of the KEMRI/KETRI Conference. Feb 1984. Nairobi, Kenya.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1984. Abstract
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. Four hundred and thirty six pupils in two primary schools in Kibwezi, Kenya aged between seven and sixteen years and positive for S. mansoni were treated as follows: 320 pupils with a single dose of praziquantel at 40 mg/kg body weight and 116 controls with a placebo. Immediate and delayed side effects of praziquantel were observed. The main side-effects were abdominal pain (36.3%), headache (35.3%) and nausea (13.1%). There was correlation between frequencies of these side-effects and intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces. Other side-effects included dizziness (9.7%), fever (7.8%), urticaria and bloody diarrhoea. Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild and transient, and did not require any intervention. For ethical reasons, all pupils who served as controls were treated with praziquantel after the study. PMID: 8898462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
MWANGI MRMUREITHISTEPHEN. "Impacts of management and enclosure age on recovery of the herbaceous rangeland vegetation in semi-arid Kenya. Verdoodt, A., Mureithi S.M. and Van Ranst E. 2010. Journal of Arid Environments 74: 1066-1073.". In: Journal of Arid Environments. Tropical and Sub-tropical Ecosystems 10 (3) (441-449).; 2010. Abstract
Cities around the world are currently facing considerable pressure to cope with infrastructure provision amidst rapid urban development and economic growth. Kenya is also facing an increasing growth of informal settlements in her urban centres. As rapid urbanization takes its toll, so has the development and growth of slums. More than 34% of Kenya‟s total population lives in urban areas and of this, more than 71% is confined in informal settlements (UN-Habitat, 2009). This paper presents the result of study to assess the effects of the change in land use in two sub-catchments, in an urban area close to the Nairobi Central Business District (NCBD). The paper compares the change in land use of two regions in Nairobi, Kenya that are slowly changing due to the fast growing population and economy, on urban runoff.
Mwangi JW, Masengo W, Thoithi GN, Kibwage IO. "Screening of some Kenyan medicinal plants using the Brine Shrimp Lethality Test." East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sc.. 1999;2:63-71.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, I. K. Preparation and Administration of Data Collection Instruments. In NGAU, P. AND KUMSSA, A. (2004 EDS) RESEARCH DESIGN, DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: A TRAINING MANUAL. Nairobi: UNCRD Africa Office. Chapter 9. pp.141-175.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2004. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi E, Gatari M. "Curriculum Development of a Nuclear Engineering Course for Human Resources Enhancement in the Kenya Nuclear Energy Program." kns.org. Submitted. AbstractWebsite

In order to increase generation capacity from reliable sources, Kenya has proposed to install a low-end nuclear power plant to supplement the envisaged short fall. At the moment, most of the power is generated from hydro and geothermal sources. Although an expansion of …

Mwangi W, Isaiah N, Shadrack K. "Application of Hydrological Models In Poorly Gauged Watersheds: A Review of the usage of the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) In Kenya." International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research. 2017;Volume 6(Issue 08):2277-8616.
Mwangi RW, Kabaru JM, Rembold H. "Potential for Melia volkensii fruit extract in the control of locusts.". 1996. AbstractPotential for Melia volkensii fruit extract in the control of locusts

Fruits from the East African tree, Melia volkensii (Gurke) contain terpenoid compounds with well-establishcd insecticidal activity. At high doses a concentrated M. volkensii extract (Mv) causes death or lack of physical fitness in locusts by irreversible paralysis of the locust skeletal muscles, without affecting the malpighian tubules or the pulsation of the dorsal heart. This effect is temperature related, with lower doses becoming more effective as the temperature increases. This action favours Mv toxicity against locusts in hot desert areas. Mammalian toxicological studies showed that Mv does not present any acute or chronic toxicity effects when orally administered to laboratory mice. It was thus not possible to establish an oral LD50 for the product in mice. Mv production in bulk and shelf-life are discussed with a view to demonstrating its advantages as a possible locust control product.

Mwangi HW, Kihurani AW, Wesonga JM, Ariga ES, Kanampiu F. "Effect of Lablab purpureus L. cover crop and imidazolinone resistant (IR) maize on weeds in drought prone areas, Kenya." Crop Protection . 2015;Vol 72:36-40.
Mwangi H, Williams D, Waema T, Nganga Z. "Using system dynamics to understand the role of cofactors TB and malaria in the progression of HIV." International Journal of System Dynamics. 2015.
MWANGI MIRIE. THE INFLUENCE OF MEMBERS’ INCOME AND CONDUCT OF SACCOS IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHARACTERISTICS AND EFFICIENCY OF SACCOS IN KENYA .; 2014. Abstractmiriemwangiphd.docmiriemwangiphd.pdf

Efficiency of SACCOs is affected by various characteristics such as size, age, bond of association, adoption of technology and managerial competency. The relationship can be influenced by appropriate moderating and intervening variables. This study therefore sought to establish how members’ income and conduct of SACCOs affects the relationship between characteristics and efficiency of SACCOs in Kenya. The specific objectives were to determine the relationship between SACCO characteristics and efficiency; establish the moderating influence of the income of members in the relationship between characteristics and efficiency; and determine the intervening influence of conduct in the relationship between characteristics and efficiency. The study targeted all SACCOs that are regulated by SASRA for the period 2009 - 2013. DEA was used to compute efficiency with inputs being member deposits and borrowings; interest/dividend on member deposits and cost of borrowings; staff costs; and other operating expenses (such as rent payable, communication costs, office consumables). Outputs were loans to members and other earning assets (such as interest yielding bank deposits, treasury bills and bonds; investment in rental property; and shares); interest income; and other income (includes interest from bank deposits, treasury bills and bonds; rent from investment property; dividends from shares; money transfer and withdrawal charges). Multiple regression analysis between efficiency, characteristics and conduct was carried out. The study findings were that characteristics (specifically size and age) have a significant positive effect on efficiency of SACCOs and this relationship (for size only) is moderated by the income of members. Increase in size results in improved efficiency and, the older the SACCO the higher the efficiency. The higher the income of members, the stronger the relationship between size and efficiency. Efficiency was negatively related to strength of bond of association, possibly because weakening of the bond would be associated with increase in size, which contributes to increased efficiency. Adoption of technology had a negative relationship with efficiency, with a probable reason being low levels of computerisation of the SACCOs. Managerial competency was not significantly related to efficiency. This might be due to that SACCOs are not very complex entities and therefore the cost of additional competency may not yield payoffs that are greater than the extra expense. The main academic contribution of the study is the finding that income of members moderates the characteristics-efficiency relationship. This means that the results of empirical investigations of the relationship between size and efficiency are improved if the analysis is carried out separately for entities falling in different member income strata. Stratification would not improve the relationship between efficiency and age, bond of association, managerial competency and adoption of technology. Conduct of SACCO was found not to be a significant intervening variable between characteristics and efficiency. The study recommends policy interventions geared towards nurturing existing SACCOs with a view to increasing their size. This can be through setting a minimum size threshold that would necessitate existing SACCOs to merge and making it difficult for new ones to be established. Members and managers should on their own volition also pursue the increase in size strategy, through recruitment of more members or even merging with other SACCOs.

Mwangi W, Mbiyu K. "A Descriptive Study of the Class Struggle and its Role in Redistributive land reforms." Africa Habitat Review Journal . 2016;10.
MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Mungai, B.N., Agola, E.L., Morgan, J.A.T, DeJong, R.J., Karanja, D.M.S., Muchemi, G.M., Loker, E.S. and Mkoji, G.M. 2003. Schistosoma rodhaini in Kenya revisited. Abstract presented at the Biodiversity of African Freshwater Snails .". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 2003. Abstract

Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 USA. Schistosoma mansoni is the most widespread of the human-infecting schistosomes, present in 54 countries, predominantly in Africa, but also in Madagascar, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Neotropics. Adult-stage parasites that infect humans are also occasionally recovered from baboons, rodents, and other mammals. Larval stages of the parasite are dependent upon certain species of freshwater snails in the genus Biomphalaria, which largely determine the parasite's geographical range. How S. mansoni genetic diversity is distributed geographically and among isolates using different hosts has never been examined with DNA sequence data. Here we describe the global phylogeography of S. mansoni using more than 2500 bp of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 143 parasites collected in 53 geographically widespread localities. Considerable within-species mtDNA diversity was found, with 85 unique haplotypes grouping into five distinct lineages. Geographical separation, and not host use, appears to be the most important factor in the diversification of the parasite. East African specimens showed a remarkable amount of variation, comprising three clades and basal members of a fourth, strongly suggesting an East African origin for the parasite 0.30-0.43 million years ago, a time frame that follows the arrival of its snail host. Less but still substantial variation was found in the rest of Africa. A recent colonization of the New World is supported by finding only seven closely related New World haplotypes which have West African affinities. All Brazilian isolates have nearly identical mtDNA haplotypes, suggesting a founder effect from the establishment and spread of the parasite in this large country. PMID: 16202103 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

MWANGI DRMACHARIAS. "Human Leptospirosis in Turkana District of Kenya: Serological findings. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Pro. Afr. (Submitted).". In: journal. Central artificial Insemination Station Magazine; 1993. Abstract
Bovine foscioliosis coused by F. giganticais widespread in   There is a large collection of reports of fasciolosis in Kenya based on  abattoir data records from veterinary investigation laboratories (VILS) as well as reports on a few farm study was carried out to improve on the reports.  Diagnosis of fasciola infection has traditionally been based on detection of typical eggs in the faeces.  A variety of other techniques are now available eg enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which has shown to be sensitive and useful. Three agro-ecological zoned were defined depending on the reported prevalence; high risk, medium risk and low risk zones.  Two study districts were picked at random from each zone.  The study farms were selected using the two stage cluster sampling. Faecal and blood samples were collected on the farm.  Serum was later harvested.  ELISA and faecal sedimatation tests (FST) were carried out. A total of 2434 faecal and blood samples were screened.  ELISA achieved the highest (66%) positive rate of the samples from Kwale district and the lowest (23%) rate in Nakuru.  An overall positive prevalence of (43%) for fasciolosis was achieved.  The faecal sedimentation test showed prevalence of 19%.  In both tests high prevalence were observed in Kwale and Kilifi districts.  ELSA was always positive when FST was positive but not the converse. The on-famr survey utilizing two reliable diagnostic tests was meant to improve on existing abattoir reports.  Both tests showed fair to good agreements.  The higher detection by ELISA might be due to deworming and other reasons.  It was concluded that on-farm surveys are better than retrogressive studies; thought the latter are cheaper and faster.,  the current prevalence of fasciolosis are different from past reports with coastal showing higher than expected prevalences.
MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Binhazim, A.A., Githure, J.I., Muchemi G.K. and Reid, G.D.F. 1987. Isolation of Leishmania major from a naturally infected vervet monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops) caught in Kiambu district, Kenya. Journal of Parasitology 73 (6): 1278-1279.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1987. Abstract
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. Four hundred and thirty six pupils in two primary schools in Kibwezi, Kenya aged between seven and sixteen years and positive for S. mansoni were treated as follows: 320 pupils with a single dose of praziquantel at 40 mg/kg body weight and 116 controls with a placebo. Immediate and delayed side effects of praziquantel were observed. The main side-effects were abdominal pain (36.3%), headache (35.3%) and nausea (13.1%). There was correlation between frequencies of these side-effects and intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces. Other side-effects included dizziness (9.7%), fever (7.8%), urticaria and bloody diarrhoea. Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild and transient, and did not require any intervention. For ethical reasons, all pupils who served as controls were treated with praziquantel after the study. PMID: 8898462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Mwangi, J.W., Mbatia, O.L.E., Nzuma, M.J. "The Effects of Exchange Rate Liberalization in Kenya on French Beans Exports." International Journal of Business, Economics and Management. 2014;1(4):39-56.
MWANGI DRGAKUUCHRISTOPHER. "Gakuu C. M. (2008) .". In: Conference Proceedings.; 2008.
Mwangi, J.W., R.M NEWSON, KAAYA GP. "Predation of free-living engorged female Rhipicephalus appendiculatus." Experimental and Applied Acarology. 1991;12:153-162.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "NGAU., P. and MWANGI, I.K. (2004 ed) District Regional Development Plan: An Integration Plan for Sustainable Development. Nairobi: UNCRD Africa Office. UNCRD Textbook Series No. 11.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2004. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi C, Karimurio J, Ilako D. "Vision of Public Service Vehicle (PSV) drivers and road traffic accidents in Nairobi city." East Afr J ophthalmol. 2006;12:36-38. Abstract

Objectives: To assess the vision of PSV drivers operating in Nairobi city and to establish whether poor sight is associated with the occurrence of motor vehicle accidents.
Design: Cross-sectional study
Setting: Nairobi city bus and matatu (small vans and minibuses) terminuses.
Subjects: 539 randomly selected PSV drivers.
Results: Sixty eight percent of the drivers did not have their sight checked during driving test. Drivers with inadequate vision were more frequently involved in accidents than those with adequate vision but difference was not statistically significant (p=0.76). Drivers with cataracts were 3 times more likely to be involved in accidents than those without (p=0.007).
Conclusions: Majority of PSV drivers do not undergo visual acuity testing before acquiring driving licenses.
Recommendation: Visual acuity testing should be made mandatory when applying for and renewing driving licenses.

MWANGI IK. "Making Devolution and Decentralization Work n Kiambu through Institutional Framework of Boards of Municipalities.". In: Training Workshop for Capacity Building for Boards of Municipalities. Organized by Kiambu County Government and Kenya Urban Support Programme (KUSP). Lake Naivasha Resort, Naivasha; 2019.
Mwangi WE, Kimeli P, Mathai LW, Muasya DW, Kipyegon AN. Management of puff adder (Bitis Arietans) snake bite and envenomation in dogs: case report. University of Nairobi; 2014.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, I.K. (1993) Urban Planning in Developing Countries: The Case of Kenya. Nairobi: ACTS. Research Memorandum No.5.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 1993. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi N, Gachago M, Gichangi M, Gichuhi S, Githeko K, Jalango A, Karimurio J, Kibachio J, Ngugi N, Nyaga P, Nyamori J, Zindamoyen ANM, Bascaran C, Foster A. "Clinical guidelines for diabetic retinopathy in Kenya: an executive summary of the recommendations." J Ophthalmol East Cent & S Afr.. 2017;21(2):33-9.
Mwangi N, Ng'ang'a M, Gakuo E, Gichuhi S, Macleod D, Moorman C, Muthami L, Tum P, Jalango A, Githeko K, Gichangi M, Kibachio J, Bascaran C, Foster A. "Effectiveness of peer support to increase uptake of retinal examination for diabetic retinopathy: study protocol for the DURE pragmatic cluster randomized clinical trial in Kirinyaga, Kenya." BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):871. Abstract

All patients with diabetes are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy (DR), a progressive and potentially blinding condition. Early treatment of DR prevents visual impairment and blindness. The natural history of DR is that it is asymptomatic until the advanced stages, thus annual retinal examination is recommended for early detection. Previous studies show that the uptake of regular retinal examination among people living with diabetes (PLWD) is low. In the Uptake of Retinal Examination in Diabetes (DURE) study, we will investigate the effectiveness of a complex intervention delivered within diabetes support groups to increase uptake of retinal examination.

Mwangi W, Kinuthia J. "Growth and Challenges Facing Serviced apartments’ Sub-sector in Nairobi, Kenya." International Journal of Creative Research and studies. 2019;3(5).
Mwangi, J.W., KAAYA, G.P., ESSUMAN S. "Natural and experimental infection of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus with pathogens and their potential for control of ticks." Journal of African Zoology. 1995;109:151-160.
Mwangi WE. "Promoting animal welfare in veterinary patients through optimal management of pain.". In: Departmental Seminar. University of Nairobi; 2011. Abstract
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Mwangi N, Gachago M, Gichangi M, Gichuhi S, Githeko K, Jalango A, Karimurio J, Kibachio J, Ngugi N, Nyaga P, Nyamori J, Zindamoyen ANM, Bascaran C, Foster A. "Adapting clinical practice guidelines for diabetic retinopathy in Kenya: process and outputs." Implement Sci . 2018;13(81):https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-018-0773-2.
MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Muchemi, G. (1990), Monkeys suffer from bilharzia too. Swara (East African Wildlife Society) 13 (3):23.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1990. Abstract
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. Four hundred and thirty six pupils in two primary schools in Kibwezi, Kenya aged between seven and sixteen years and positive for S. mansoni were treated as follows: 320 pupils with a single dose of praziquantel at 40 mg/kg body weight and 116 controls with a placebo. Immediate and delayed side effects of praziquantel were observed. The main side-effects were abdominal pain (36.3%), headache (35.3%) and nausea (13.1%). There was correlation between frequencies of these side-effects and intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces. Other side-effects included dizziness (9.7%), fever (7.8%), urticaria and bloody diarrhoea. Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild and transient, and did not require any intervention. For ethical reasons, all pupils who served as controls were treated with praziquantel after the study. PMID: 8898462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
MWANGI DRGAKUUCHRISTOPHER. "GAKUU C.M and KIDOMBO H.J. (2008), .". In: Application of Bennett.; 2008.
Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Nguhiu-Mwangi J. "Complications associated with anaesthesia in small animal practice in Nairobi County, Kenya.". In: 47th annual Kenya veterinary scientific conference. Kenya Veterinary Association; 2013. Abstract
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Mwangi J. Demand for Insurance in Nairobi: An Econometric Study.. Kenyatta University; 1992. Abstract
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MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, I. K. (2006) Planning in Kenya on the Brink of a Precipice: Who will save the discipline and the profession. Nairobi: Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Nairobi. Discussion Paper. 12 pages.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 2006. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi AP-. "From the Editor’s Desk." The Journal of the Department of Literature. 2015;(8):4.
MWANGI DRISAACK. "MWANGI, I.K. Comment. Regional Development Dialogue Vol. 19. No.2 Autumn 1998:65-68; on ADARKWA, K.K. The Role of Regional Development in Closing the Gap Between Rural and Urban Areas: The Ghanian Experience. Regional Development Dialogue Vol. 19. No.2, A.". In: Electroanalysis, 18(24):2441-2450. Wiley Interscience; 1998. Abstract
Vertex epidural haematomas (VEDH) are rare and difficulties are encountered in diagnosis and management. This is a case report of a patient with a vertex epidural haematoma who presented with signs of severe head injury with upper limb decerebrate posture. We discuss the challenges of radiological investigation and neurosurgical management of VEDH.
Mwangi WE, Mogoa EM, Nguhiu-Mwangi J. "Complications associated with anaesthesia in small animal practice in Nairobi County, Kenya.". In: 47th annual Kenya veterinary scientific conference. Whitesands Hotel, Mombasa: Kenya Veterinary Association; 2013:.complications_associated_with_anaesthesia_in_small_animal_practice_in_nairobi_county_kenya_abstract.pdf
Mwangi JT. "Educational Goals, Aims and Objectives in Relation to Children’s Learning in the book.". In: Teaching Children: A Handbook for Preschool Teachers. Nairobi: Vidic Investments Limited; 2014.
MWANGI DRMUCHEMIG. "Jaoko W.G. Muchemi G., Oguya F.O. 1996 Praziquantel side effects during treatment of Schistosoma mansoni infected pupils in Kibwezi, Kenya. East African Medical Journal. 1996 Aug; 73 (8): 499-501.". In: East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. EAMJ; 1996. Abstract
Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. Four hundred and thirty six pupils in two primary schools in Kibwezi, Kenya aged between seven and sixteen years and positive for S. mansoni were treated as follows: 320 pupils with a single dose of praziquantel at 40 mg/kg body weight and 116 controls with a placebo. Immediate and delayed side effects of praziquantel were observed. The main side-effects were abdominal pain (36.3%), headache (35.3%) and nausea (13.1%). There was correlation between frequencies of these side-effects and intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces. Other side-effects included dizziness (9.7%), fever (7.8%), urticaria and bloody diarrhoea. Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild and transient, and did not require any intervention. For ethical reasons, all pupils who served as controls were treated with praziquantel after the study. PMID: 8898462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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