Mary W. Kuria, Yvonne Olando. Alcohol dependence: Does the composition of the available beverages promote it

Citation:
"Mary W. Kuria, Yvonne Olando. Alcohol dependence: Does the composition of the available beverages promote it." Open Journal of Psychiatry. 2012; 2: 301-304.

Abstract:

Affordability and availability of alcohol are factors that have been associated with alcohol dependence.
Ethanol content in the alcoholic beverages is an important determinant in alcohol dependence. Quality
control of alcoholic beverages available in the market is important in safeguarding the health of alcohol
consumers. Few studies in Kenya have determined the chemical composition of alcohol used by the study
participants. Objective: To determine the chemicalcomposition of alcoholic beverages used by a group of
alcohol dependent study participants. Design: The study was a clinical trial with pre and post measure-
ments. Method: The CIDI and WHO-ASSIST were administered to 188 alcohol-dependent persons at
intake and after six months. A researcher-designed socio demographic questionnaire was also adminis-
tered at intake. Alcohol beverages were randomly collected from the location of the study area and their
chemical composition analyzed using gas chromatography. Results: The mean AUDIT score of the par-
ticipant was 28.6 for male and 26.6 for females. Three of the alcohol samples collected was illicit brews col-
lected while 11 were licit. Four out of the eleven licit brews had ethanol levels that did not complied with
the set government standards. Conclusion: Illicit brews with high ethanol content are available in the
Kenyan market, while some of the manufacturers of the licit brew do not comply with government set
content recommendations.

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