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Introductory Chemistry 1.; 2010. AbstractIntroductory Chemistry 1

This module covers introductory topics that are fundamental to understanding the subject of chemistry. In this module, we shall examine the structure of the smallest part of an element known as the atom (the building blocks of matter) and associated atomic models. The focus will be on the thought process involved in the development of the periodic table and its use in explaining the structure and properties of elements in “groups” and “periods”. Both microscopic (in which matter is regarded as a collection of atoms and molecules) and macroscopic (associated with the bulk properties of matter) views of matter will be considered. The underlying principles that govern structures and shapes of simple molecules and ions will be covered as well as the nomenclature for writing formula for binary inorganic compounds, cations and anions. In addition, a review of the concepts behinds interpretation and balancing of chemical equations, stoichiometric calculations involving quantitative relations in chemical reactions, calculations of percent composition by mass and derivation of molecular formula from experimental data will also be made.

of Kenya NC. KENYA REGISTERED PERI-OPERATIVE TRAINING FILE. Nairobi: Nursing Council of Kenya; 2010.operative_nursing_training_file.pdf
Chaga H. Kutiwa Jando’ in Mizungu ya Manabii na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Phoenix Publishers ; 2010.
Odada E, Johnson TC, Whittaker KT. The Limnology, Climatology and Paleoclimatology of the East African Lakes. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Publishers; 2010.
NZUVE SNM. Management of Human Resources: A Kenyan Perspective, Revised Edition. Nairobi: Basic Modern Management Consultants; 2010.
Masinde M. Middleware for Distributed Computing on Mobile Phones.; 2010. AbstractMiddleware for Distributed Computing on Mobile Phones

The low Internet penetration and lack of electricity in the rural areas of the developing countries of Africa make the use of computerbased solutions a big challenge. Yet there is dire need of such applications in these areas. Luckily, most of these countries have reported impressive adoption levels of mobile phones [3], a phenomenon that is now creating a paradigm shift; computing is slowly moving from the traditional PC to the phone. Coincidentally, advancements in the smartphone technology have produced such powerful gadgets that can ably compete with PCs of the 21st century. Today, for less than US$ 400, one can acquire a smartphone equipped with; 1000MHz clock speed, 512MiB (ROM +RAM), access to several types of data networks (CSD, HSCSD, GPRS, EDGE), and Wireless local-area network (WLAN) among other features [6]. With this kind of computing power, computer analysts/programmers can now develop both scientific and commercial applications to address numerous challenging facing poor people in the developing countries of Africa.

Rayya. Mombasa Swahili Women’s Wedding Songs – A Stylistic Analysis. VDM Verlag Dr. Muller GmbH & Co.Germany 2010; 2010.
MBATIAH PMWENDA. Msururu wa Usaliti. NAIROBI: East African Educational Publishers; 2010.
Gunga S, Ngesu L. The Phenomenology of Rioting. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller e.K.,; 2010.
Gunga S. A Philosophy of Mathematics Education. Berlin, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller e.K.,; 2010.
Ebrahim YH, Sealey A. Physical environment: Urban climatology . Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2010.
Mbui D, Orata D, Kariuki D. Physico-Electrochemical Assesment of Pollutants in Nairobi River(Reclamation of Nairobi River). Lambert Academic Publishing; 2010.
J.K MUSINGI. Project Management: Monitoring & Evaluation. Nairobi: Rchmond; 2010.
Celestine M, Patricia K-M, Winfred K, Nancy B. Promoting the Human Rights of Women in Kenya: A Comparative Review of the Domestic Laws. Nairobi: UNIFEM; 2010.
Gunga S. Prototyping in Systems Development Life Cycle: Students Database. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller e.K.,; 2010.
Onjala J, Atieno R, Jama M. Report on the Status of Pastoralists. Nairobi: Institute for Development Studies; 2010.
MARY MWIANDI. Reshaping Research Universities in the Nile Basin Countries . Kampala: Fountain Publishers; 2010.
MIAGRI Republic of Rwanda, Gitau A. N. Rwanda irrigation Masterplan (RIMP). 240 p. ISBN: 978-92-9059-278-5.. Nairobi: World Agroforestry Centre; 2010.
Mogambi H. Safari ya Ushindi. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2010.
MARY MWIANDI. Shaping Research Universities in the Nile Basin Countries . Kampala: Fountain Publishers; 2010.
Mumma-Martinon CA, Calas B. Shared Waters Shared Opportunities: Hydropolitics in East Africa.. Dar es Salam Tanzania: : French Institute for Research in Africa, Jesuit Hakimani Centre and Mkuki Na Nyota Publishers Ltd. ; 2010.
SWALEH AMIRI, Wamitila KW. A short story “Jinga Likierevuka” in Wali wa Ndevu wa Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Vide - M uwa Publishers. ISBN 99766 – 773 - 55 - X, pp. 105 - 124; 2010.
MUTAI EMMANUELKINYOR. Simulation of Temperatures in a Broiler chicken House in Kenya. ISBN: 978-639-23545-6. Berlin: VDM Verlag Dr, Muller Pub.; 2010.document1.pdf
John G. Social Interactions in Agriculture. Concepts, Measurement and Applications. Saarbrücken: VDM-Verlag Dr. Müller; 2010.
Dulo. Solid Waste Management: Leachate Migration into Groundwater. VDM Publishing House Ltd; 2010.
Wasamba P, Mugambi H, Bwonya J. Tales from my Motherland. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2010.
Gitau A. N. Technical Manual - Nine-Seeded Hole Technique - ISBN: 978 9966 1533 6 4. Nairobi: Sustainable Agriculture Information Initiative; 2010.
N. GA. Technical Manual : Agro Forestry Practices - ISBN: 978 9966 1533 1 9. Nairobi: Sustainable Agriculture Information Initiative; 2010.
Gitau A. N. Technical Manual : Certification of Organic Products - ISBN: 978 9966 1533 2 6. Nairobi: Sustainable Agriculture Information Initiative; 2010.
N. GA. Technical Manual : Farmer Field School (FFS) Approach - ISBN: 978 9966 1533 4 0. Nairobi: Sustainable Agriculture Information Initiative; 2010.
Gitau A. N. Technical Manual : Groundnut Production - ISBN: 978 9966 1533 5 7. Nairobi: Sustainable Agriculture Information Initiative; 2010.
Gitau A. N. Technical Manual : Integrated Agriculture Systems - ISBN: 978 9966 1533 9 5. Nairobi: Sustainable Agriculture Information Initiative; 2010.
N. GA. Technical Manual : Organic Pineapple Production - ISBN: 978 9966 1533 7 1. Nairobi: Sustainable Agriculture Information Initiative; 2010.
Gitau, A.N., K. N. Technical Manual : Soil and Water Conservation - ISBN: 978 9966 1533 8 8. Nairobi: Sustainable Agriculture Information Initiative; 2010.
Kanyinga K, Okello D. Tension and Reversals in Democratic Transitions: The Kenya 2007 General Elections. Nairobi: Society for International Development and Institute for Development Studies (IDS), University of Nairobi; 2010.
Mbuthia DEM. A Thematic and Stylistic Analysis of Kiswahili Short Stories . Deutschland, : VDM Muller ; 2010.
N.O. O. Theory and Practice of Mixed Modeling. Saarbrucken: VDM-Verlag Dr.Mueller; 2010.
K'Odhiambo AK. TIME AS A METAPHYSICAL DETERMINANT OF PEDAGOGY. Germany: VDM of Germany (2010); 2010.
Nyarwath O. Traditional Logic: An Introduction, 2nd edition. Nairobi: Consolata Institute of Philosophy; 2010.
Graham MD, Nyumba TO. The use of electrified fences to mitigate human-elephant conflict: experiences from the Laikipia Plateau in northern Kenya. South Africa: Mammmal Research Institute, University of Pretoria.; 2010.
Mweri JG. UTANGULIZI WA ISIMU. Nairobi: Kenya literature Bureau; 2010.
Muchiri J. Women’s Autobiography: Voices from Independent Kenya. Saarbrucken: VDM Verlag; 2010.
Mutuku A, Murungaru K, Magadi M.  Fertility in Kenya: Analysis of Birth intervals in Kenya. . Mauritius: VDM Publishing House LTD; 2010.
Schwartz A, Pertsemlidis D, Inabnet III WB, Gagner M. Endocrine surgery. Taylor & Francis US; 2010. Abstract
Mbogo T, Omwenga E, Waiganjo P. A Framework for Distributed Learning Objects Repository. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2010. AbstractWebsite
Germain F, Pérez-Rico C, Vicente J, de la Villa P. Functional histology of the retina. Formatex; 2010. AbstractWebsite
Germain F, Pérez-Rico C, Vicente J, de la Villa P. Functional histology of the retina. Formatex; 2010. AbstractWebsite
…, Wepukhulu GW, Ntihabose L, Maina DM, MANGALA MJ,... Status and Prospects in Research Infrastructure Development in Nuclear Analytical Spectrometry and Radiometric Instrumentation Methodologies for Environmental ….; 2010. AbstractWebsite

Since 2002 the Department of Physics at the University of Nairobi has established the Applied Nuclear and Radiation Physics Division for graduate training in a variety of nuclear science fields and research, the major line of which is method development in analytical …

Parangi S, Phitayakorn R. Thyroid {Disease}. ABC-CLIO; 2010. AbstractWebsite
Boman J, Wagner A, GATARI MJ. Trace elements in PM {sub 2.5} in Gothenburg, Sweden.; 2010. AbstractWebsite

Ambient aerosol particles smaller than 2.5 {mu} m (PM {sub 2.5}) are getting more and more attention worldwide. While legal focus is mainly on sample mass, the composition of the particles is an important research field gaining increased interest. The interest is not only …

Musonye MM. A close Shave (New Progressive English 7J) . Nairobi: 0xford University Press; 2009.
Branthomme A, Bunning C, Kamerlaczyk S, Rodas R., Anyango SO, Situma C. Integrated Natural Resources Assessment Kenya: field manual . Rome: FAO; 2009.
co-author Jesse N.K. Mugambi, co-author Michael R. Guy. 2009 Jesse N.K. Mugambi and Michael R. Guy, Conxtextual Theology Across Cultures, Nairobi: Acton.. Nairobi: Acton; 2009.
Basic Principles of Veterinary Surgery. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2009.University of Nairobi Press
P M F M, Nguhiu J, CM M. Basic Principles of Veterinary Surgery. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi Press; 2009.
Ebrahim YH. Building science elementary past examination papers - Year 3: 2009. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2009.
Kiai Wambui, Kiiru Samuel MNUW. The Challenges of Media Training and Practice in East Africa.. Nairobi: University of Nairobi & Ford Foundation; 2009.
Church History 11. Nairobi: Centre for Open and Distance Learning ; 2009.
Sihanya B. Combating Counterfeit Trade in Kenya.; 2009. AbstractWebsite

Product counterfeiting and trade in counterfeit products, labels and packaging involve imitation of genuine products that are marketed under brand names.3 Counterfeit products are becoming a major problem to consumers, innovators and traders in Kenya and globally. Such imitations are usually clones or falsified products, labels and packaging designed to look like those of genuine products. The aim is to confuse or deceive consumers as to their quality, source, origin or legitimacy. Counterfeits are manufactured, processed or supplied by unscrupulous traders who infringe and unlawfully apply other corporations’ or individuals’ innovations and intellectual property (IP).4 The basic thesis in this Chapter is that although there are short-term gains to consumers and the Kenyan economy from counterfeiting, the medium and long-term losses are massive. This Chapter adopts a three-pronged strategy on combating counterfeiting in Kenya. First, I evaluate the nature and extent of counterfeit trade in Kenya in the context of trade liberalization and the development of an information society. I also assess the effects of counterfeit trade on the various economic players including consumers, innovators, traders, investors, and the Kenyan Government. Second, I evaluate the intellectual property regime in Kenya and how IP can combat counterfeiting. I then carefully examine the anti-counterfeiting law and enforcement mechanisms in Kenya, including their effectiveness in addressing the problem. Third, I explore how that law can be reformed to ensure sustainable development by protecting innovators, consumers and other stakeholders.

Sihanya B. Copyright in E-Commerce and Music Industry in Kenya.; 2009. AbstractWebsite

This chapter analyses copyright in the context of e-commerce in Kenya. It explores whether the music industry in Kenya is sufficiently protected in the digital era by focusing on five interrelated themes. Part One explores the interrelationship between e-commerce and intellectual property in Kenya. It discusses e-commerce in the context of patent, trade mark, trade secret and domain names. Part Two, Copyright law in e-commerce. It introduces copyright law; copyright in musical works; music in the Internet; the music industry in Kenya; legal dimensions of online music; and the challenges facing the music industry in Kenya.. Part Three explores copyright enforcement in Kenya with respect to civil and criminal remedies for copyright infringement as well copyright management organizations. We conclude Part Four critically

Development of Christian Doctrine. Nairobi: Centre for Open and Distance Learning ; 2009.
Okebe M.A", Wanyande" P. Discourses on civil society in Kenya. Nairobi: ARRF; 2009.
Gunga S. EDU 1103: Philosophy of Education. African Virtual University; 2009.
Essential Oil Bearing Plants from Kenya: Chemistry, Biological Activity and Applications. The American Chemical Society; 2009. Abstract

Essential oils are aromatic volatiles that are recovered from different plant tissues using a variety of distillation and extraction technologies. Kenya, being a country with diverse
plant genetic resources, is endowed with plant species containing essential oils, many of which have not been studied. A review of research on the chemical constituents and biological activities of Kenyan essential oil bearing plants is presented and shows that the use of these indigenous natural
resources are under-recognized and underutilized. Potential applications in cosmetic, food, agricultural and pharmaceuticalindustry, among others, are discussed.

Ebrahim YH. The fallacy of humility. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2009.
HAMU PROFHABWEJOHN. Fumbo La Maisha . Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2009.
SHEIKH ABDULATIFAHMED. Fundamentals of Arabic Grammar.; 2009.
GATHAARA NV;, NGUGI JN. Gender, soil and water conservation in Machakos district, Kenya.; 2009. AbstractWebsite

Gender mainstreaming is crucial in soil and water conservation initiatives. The existing technologies though, as designed, are expected to be gender neutral, lead to gender differences at the adoption stage. This was confirmed during a study conducte d in Kathekakai settlement scheme, Machakos district where despite both men and women participating in soil and water conservation initiatives, women’s efforts to adopt the recommended technologies were hampered by their limited access to authoritative infor ma- tion and lack of control over land. Women though playing major roles as farmers (64.6%), could not make key decisions on land u se. Previous reports indicate that the women in Machakos district contributed significantly to soil and water conservation efforts in the mid 1980’s leading to terracing of over 70% of the district. Gender mainstreaming efforts need to be enhanced for achievement o f sustainable and effective soil and water conservation for improved agricultural production and livelihoods

Kopf A, Patel NB. Guide it Pain Management in Low Resource Settings. International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP); 2009.
Oketch Oboth JWB. Health Psychology . Nairobi: Centre for Open and Distant Learning, University of Nairobi; 2009.
Muleka J. Images of Women in African Oral Literature. Saarbrucken: VDM Verlag; 2009.
Siundu G. Imagining Home and Community in East African Asian Writings. Saarbrucken: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller; 2009.
Njenga HN, W. W. Industrial Chemistry. Nairobi: African Virtual University; 2009.industrial_chemistry.pdf
NZUVE SNM. Industrial Relations Management. Nairobi: University of Nairobi press; 2009.
Maina. Introduction to Ergonomics; Fitting Man, Work & Tools. Nairobi: Frajopa Printers & Publishers Mall; 2009.
Introduction to Ethics. Nairobi: Sophia Publications Ltd.; 2009.ethics_back_cover.pdf
of Kenya NC. MANUAL OF CLINICAL PROCEDURES. Nairobi: Nursing Council of Kenya; 2009.manual_of_clinical_procedures.pdf
Kokwaro JO. Medicinal Plants of East Africa. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2009.University of Nairobi Press
Jussi I, -Mwangi MM, Paul Kamau, Kamau A, Njoka JM. Merry Go Round: A Study of Informal Self-Help Groups in Kenya. Nairobi: Nokia Research Africa; 2009.
Jussi I, Mwangi MM, Kamau P, Kamau A, Njoka J. Merry Go Round: A study of Informal Self-Help Groups in Kenya. Nairobi: Nokia Research Centre - Africa; 2009.
Mboroki DG. Methods of Instruction. Kenya: Gugno Books; 2009.
Muleka J. Naomi and the Canibals. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2009.
Muleka J. Naomi in her New School. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2009.
Wahome RG;, Choge S;, Wamwere N;, Mnene J;, Wang'ombe; Matere J, Matere J. Nutritional evaluation of the suitability of prosopis pods for livestock feed.; 2009. AbstractWebsite

To study the suitability of prosopis pods flour as a feed ingredient in manufacture of animal feeds, prosopis pods were collected from four districts heavily affected by the invasive species. Pods were collected from trees at three levels; green but mature pods still attached to the twigs, yellow (dry) pods still attached to the tree and yellow (dry) pods that had dropped onto the ground from the tree. Pods picked from the ground were inspected against decay or insect damage. These samples were analyzed at the department of animal production laboratory University of Nairobi for proximate chemical composition, fibre composition, and calcium and phosphorus profiles. In addition cost comparisons between prosopis pod flour and animal feedstuffs with approximate chemical composition were done. Pods collected in Tana River and Garissa Districts were drier than those collected in Baringo indicating potentially better keeping quality. The pods protein content averaged 11.7% but the fibre content was on the higher side at 29.8%. The calcium and phosphorus level, at 0.3% and 0.36% respectively, were considerably higher than those found in cereals although its availability on digestion was likely to be affected by the high fibre level. Pending studies on digestibility, degradability and metabolizable energy and performance evaluation will inform appropriate level of use in animal diets. However, the researchers, from the preliminary analysis, concluded that the flour will form a valuable addition to the feed ingredient base in Kenya.

Manyora H. Optimal English . Hillman Publishers; 2009.
Khamis SA, Bertoncini E, Gromov M, Wamitila KW. Outline of Swahili Literature: Prose Fiction and Drama. 2nd Edition. Extensively Revised and Enlarged. Leiden: E.J. Brill; 2009.
J.N. M. The Politics of School Texts. The Struggle for the Literary Canon in Kenya. Saarbrucken, Germany: Verlag Dr. Muller; 2009.
Njeri KM. Polytechnic Graduates : what next?. Lambert; 2009.
Martin M;, Gichohi M, Karugia JT;. Poverty, Growth, and Institutions: Seminar report.; 2009.Website
Ebrahim YH. The power of deceit. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2009.
and Kambo I KKNST. Procedure manual for Nurses and Midwives. Nairobi: African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF); 2009.
and Kambo I KKNST. Procedure manual for Nurses and Midwives. Nairobi: African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF); 2009.
SIFUNJO DRKISAKAERASTUS. Public Finance, Open and Distance Learning Module,. University of Nairobi Press; 2009. AbstractWebsite

This study examined the RWH using the run tests, Ljung-Box statistics, and the unit root tests. The data covered the period starting January 1994 to June 2007 for the daily closing prices of the Ksh/UD dollar spot rate. The main finding of this study is that the RWH is strongly rejected at the 5% significance level. The results indicate that the rejections are due to autocorrelation in currency returns. The exchange rate tends to appreciate most of the time over the sample period. Therefore failure of the EMH could be due to exchange rate undershooting and overshooting phenomena. The unit root tests showed that the exchange rate data is non-stationary while returns are stationary. Therefore the evidence strongly suggested that the foreign exchange market is not efficient.

of Kenya NC. RN-BScN UPGRADING CURRICULUM. Nairobi: Nursing Council of Kenya; 2009.rn-bscn_upgrading_curriculum_2009.doc
Kim S, Williams R, Cinque L, Shiundu PM. Size Determination of Nanoparticles Used in Coatings.; 2009. AbstractSize Determination of Nanoparticles Used in Coatings

This chapter begins with a description of some commonly used particle sizing techniques, their applicability to nanoparticles, and their advantages and disadvantages. A special emphasis is given to fractionation techniques and their ability to simultaneously characterize nanoparticles and isolate monodispersed fractions from polydispersed samples. The latter part of this chapter provides an in-depth discussion of sedimentation field-flow fractionation (SdFFF) size analysis of nanoparticles used in coatings

E. DROWAKAHFRANCIS. Social Philosophy. Nairobi: The Centre for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; 2009. AbstractWebsite

An instruction manual for teaching Social philosophy to third year students in the department of philosophy.

Agwanda" "A, Bocquier' "P, Khasakhala" "A, Owuor" "S. A Socio-Demographic Survey of Nairobi. Dakar, Senegal: CODESSRIA; 2009.
Ngesu L. Sociology of Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2009.
Gichuru EK;, Combes MC;, Mutitu EW;, Ngugi ECK;, Omondi CO;, Bertrand B;, Lashermes P. Towards the development of sequence based markers for resistance to coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum kahawae).; 2009. AbstractWebsite

Coffee Berry Disease which affects green Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) berries is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum kahawae and is a major problem in Arabica coffee production in African countries. Breeding for resistance to this disease is therefore to a major priority in these countries avoid intensive chemical usage for its control. Recently, microsatellite and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms (AFLP) markers for a gene conferring resistance to the disease were identified and mapped onto the chromosomal region carrying the gene. To improve the repeatability of the AFLP markers, four of the marker bands were selected for cloning and sequencing to facilitate specific primers to be designed. Three of the resultant primers did not amplify products that exhibited polymorphism characteristic of the parent AFLP bands; but one primer pair amplified a product that dominantly identified the presence of the parent AFLP marker at an optimum temperature of 62°C followed by electrophoresis in agarose. The reliability of the designed primers was confirmed by analysis in 95 plants from a F2 population previously used to map the chromosomal fragment carrying the resistance. The importance of the results in enhancing the utility of the parent AFLP marker in relation to analytical costs and position on the chromosomal fragment is discussed.

Bocquier P, Otieno AAT, Khasakhala A, Owuor S. Urban integration in Africa: A socio demographic survey of Nairobi. . Dakar: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA; 2009.
Bocquier P, Otieno AAT, Khasakhala A, Owuor S. Urban integration in Africa: A socio demographic survey of Nairobi. . Dakar: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA; 2009.
Ndiba PK, Axe L, Jahan K, Ramanujachary V. XRF measurement of heavy metals in highway marking beads..; 2009.Website
P M F M, Nguhiu J, CM M. Basic Principles of Veterinary Surgery. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi Press; 2009. Abstract
E. DROWAKAHFRANCIS. African Philosophy. The Centre for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; 2008. AbstractWebsite

An Instructional Manual for teaching African Philosophy to second year students in the department of philosophy, University of Nairobi

Boon TRE;, Lund DH;, Buttoud G;, Kouplevatskaya I. Analysis along procedural elements.; 2008.Website
Ebrahim YH. Appropriate roofying and energy considerations for warm-humid climates. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2008.
B.N N. Aspects African History Nairobi. Nairobi: Catholic University Press ; 2008.
Oketch Oboth JWB. Biopsychology. Nairobi: Centre for Open and Distant Learning, University of Nairobi; 2008.
Ebrahim YH. Building science framed elementary course 2008. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2008.
HAMU PROFHABWEJOHN. Cheche za Moto . Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2008.
Collaborative Filtering: A Comparison of Graph-based Semisupervised Learning Methods and Memory-based Methods.; 2008. AbstractWebsite

Collaborative filtering is a method of making predictions about the interests of a user based on interest similarity to other users and consequently recommending the predicted items. There is a widespread use of collaborative filtering systems in commercial websites, such as, which has popularized item-based methods. There are also many music and video sites such as iLike and Everyone’s a Critic (EaC) that implement collaborative filtering systems. This trend is growing in product-based sites. This paper discusses the implementation of graph-based semisupervised learning methods and memory-based methods to the collaborative filtering scenario and compares these methods to baseline methods such as techniques based on weighted average. This work compares the predictive accuracy of these methods on the MovieLens data set. The metrics used for evaluation measure the accuracy of generated predictions based on already known, held-out ratings that constitute the test set. Preliminary results indicate that graph-based semi-supervised learning methods perform better than baseline methods. However, some of the memory-based methods outperform the graph-based semi-supervised learning methods as well as the baseline methods.

Gakunga DK. Comparative Education : East African Perspective. Nairobi: RiverBrooks; 2008.
Hamu PJH, Nyonje J. Darubini ya Utunzi. Phoenix Publishers; 2008.
Ebrahim YH. Daylighting performance of building elements: Specific applications to tropical museums. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2008.
Nzuma MJ. An Economic Evaluation of the Impacts of Trade Liberalization on Kenya’s Maize Secto. Düsseldorf, Germany: VDM Verlag Publishers; 2008.
J.H. Nderitu &, Nyamasyo GHN, Kasina JM. Eds. Agricultural Entomology (Practical Aspects of Agric. Entomology), First Edition (ISBN 9966-05-121-X). Nairobi, Kenya.: Equatops Trading; 2008.
Mbithi ML. Erosion Under NAMA WTO Negotiations: The Case for Kenya. Nairobi: Institute of Economic Affairs-Kenya. IEA ; 2008.
Ebrahim YH. Essays in environmental design (1 - 5): Short papers. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2008.
Sarkar S, Kiriti-Nganga TW. Gender Inequality in Developing Countries. New Delhi: Arise Publications and Distributors .; 2008.
Atoh F, L. K. Introduction to Morphology. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2008.
Wamitila KW. Kanzi ya Fasihi: Misingi ya Uchanganuzi wa Fasihi. . Nairobi: Vide-Muwa Publishers Ltd.; 2008.
IRIBEMWANGI PI. Mwongozo wa Utengano. Nairobi: ISBN 978-9966-25-533-8; EAEP; 2008. Abstractmwongozo_wa_utengano.pdfWebsite


Religion, Culture and Communication. Nairobi: Centre for Open and Distance Learning ; 2008.
K. JT, W M, F. A, Prabhu R, Shiferaw B, Gbegbelegbe S, Massawe S, Kyotalimye M, Wanjiku J, Macharia E. Responding to the food price crisis in Eastern and Southern Africa: Policy options for national and regional action. Entebbe: ASARECA; 2008.
co-editor Jesse N.K. Mugambi, co-editor Christoph Stückelberger. Responsible Leadership: Global and Contextual Ethical Perspctives. Geneva/Nairobi:; 2008.
NZUVE SNM. Reviewed Organization Theory, Study manual for Bachelor of Commerce distance learning. Nairobi: University of Nairobi press; 2008.
Ebrahim YH, Szokolay SV. S.V. Szokolay's 1965 Memoirs: Acoustic design . Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2008.
Ebrahim YH, Szokolay SV. S.V. Szokolay's 1965 Memoirs: Lighting design . Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2008.
MUNYAO DRNYAMAICHRISTOPHER. SGL 308: Introduction to Geological Mapping, Lecture series. Nairobi: Nairobi University Press.; 2008. Abstract

One of the critical issues for Community Development, Civil Society action and Governance anywhere and specifically in Africa is to create leaders at the fastest possible rate, at all levels of the society/ community. Such levels of leadership revolve round - skilled, ethical, effective and unifying leadership. Young people are most eager to play a leadership role in these efforts. The values/ benefits of the African young people involvement in Civil Society in the African states will bring energy, catalyze other group members to rethink their priorities, commitment and remove invisible barriers that have kept them from moving forward. Typically and traditionally in many cultures, young people have been excluded from efforts to rebuild their communities. This marginalization of our youth not only harms them and endangers our future, but it also cheats the world of a valuable resource. If we are to function effectively as local and even global communities then we must incorporate all significant voices. This paper argues that an enduring and positive community renewal is possible only if all members are involved and feel a sense of ownership. On the other hand, the spirit of volunteerism by young people helps to create a stable and cohesive society and as a result add value to the services that governments provide. Voluntary action creates bonds of trust and encourages cooperation; in other words it creates social capital. Volunteerism draws people of different ethnic origins, religion and economic status. This compositional aspect enhances social harmony. Voluntary participation in public affairs can also help to create a politically literate public, which is important for the preservation of democratic principles. Volunteer effort is essential to Civil Society action as a way that would enhance community policing and conflict resolution. Service For Peace (SFP) Kenya Chapter as an organization, through its young people empowerment program has the aim to integrate service learning and volunteerism in the processes of capacity development/ building, creating appropriate awareness, dissemination and networking of the youth in the sub-regional and region areas. The Kenyan Chapter serves as a knowledge resource base for periodic value-based training programs on volunteerism.

Manyora H. A Simplified Grammar of English. Hillman Publishers; 2008.
Hamu HJ. Sofia mzimuni.; 2008.Website
Michira JN, Matolo M. A Study Guide to The River Between . Nairobi: Vide-Muwa Publishers; 2008.
Munavu RM, Ogutu DM, Wasanga PM. Sustainable articulation pathways and linkages between upper secondary and higher education in Africa.; 2008. AbstractWebsite

Abstract: The recent and rising increase in enrollment at th e primary school level since the
introduction of th e FPE in 2003 has led to a corresponding and signif icant rise in enrollment
rates at the secondary school level. This has translated into an increased demand for higher
education in the country. The demand for higher education is driven by the realiz ation that
this level of education forms the princi pal pillar of development. The current development
agen da in Kenya is inspired by the realization that there are many available options and …

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