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WANZA MSKIOKOMAGDALENE. ""The Place of Transitional Justice in Kenya's Impending Political Transition" in Kioko,W.M., Mute, L., and Akivaga, K., Building an Open Society: The Politics of Transition in Kenya (Nairobi:Clairpress, 2002).". In: American Journal of Obstetric and Gynaecology Vol 101 . Starmat Designers & Allied, Nairobi; 2002. Abstract
Cohen CR, Gichui J, Rukaria R, Sinei SS, Gaur LK, Brunham RC. Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Box 356460, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. crcohen@u.washington.edu OBJECTIVE: To understand immunogenetic mechanisms of Chlamydia trachomatis infection and tubal scarring. METHODS: We measured and compared previously significant human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II DQ alleles, their linked DRB genes, and polymorphisms in selected cytokine genes (tumor necrosis factor alpha-308 promoter; transforming growth factor beta1-10 and -25 codons; interleukin 10-1082, -819, and -592 promoters; interleukin 6-174 promoter; and interferon gamma+874 codon 1) among Kenyan women with confirmed tubal infertility with and without C trachomatis microimmunofluorescence antibody. RESULTS: Two class II alleles, HLA-DR1*1503 and DRB5*0101, were detected less commonly in C trachomatis microimmunofluorescence seropositive women than in C trachomatis microimmunofluorescence seronegative women with infertility (0% versus 20%; odds ratio [OR] 0.05; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0, 0.7, and 6% versus 26%; OR 0.2; 95% CI 0.02, 1.0, respectively). These alleles are commonly linked as a haplotype at the DRB locus. This finding could not be explained through linkage disequilibrium with the other studied HLA or cytokine genes. CONCLUSION: These alleles may lead to an immunologically mediated mechanism of protection against C trachomatis infection and associated tubal damage, or alternatively increase risk for tubal scarring due to another cause. PMID: 12636945 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
WANZA MSKIOKOMAGDALENE. ""The Place of Transitional Justice in Kenya's Impending Political Transition" in Kioko,W.M., Mute, L., and Akivaga, K., Building an Open Society: The Politics of Transition in Kenya (Nairobi:Clairpress, 2002).". In: American Journal of Obstetric and Gynaecology Vol 101 . Starmat Designers & Allied, Nairobi; 2002. Abstract
Cohen CR, Gichui J, Rukaria R, Sinei SS, Gaur LK, Brunham RC. Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Box 356460, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. crcohen@u.washington.edu OBJECTIVE: To understand immunogenetic mechanisms of Chlamydia trachomatis infection and tubal scarring. METHODS: We measured and compared previously significant human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II DQ alleles, their linked DRB genes, and polymorphisms in selected cytokine genes (tumor necrosis factor alpha-308 promoter; transforming growth factor beta1-10 and -25 codons; interleukin 10-1082, -819, and -592 promoters; interleukin 6-174 promoter; and interferon gamma+874 codon 1) among Kenyan women with confirmed tubal infertility with and without C trachomatis microimmunofluorescence antibody. RESULTS: Two class II alleles, HLA-DR1*1503 and DRB5*0101, were detected less commonly in C trachomatis microimmunofluorescence seropositive women than in C trachomatis microimmunofluorescence seronegative women with infertility (0% versus 20%; odds ratio [OR] 0.05; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0, 0.7, and 6% versus 26%; OR 0.2; 95% CI 0.02, 1.0, respectively). These alleles are commonly linked as a haplotype at the DRB locus. This finding could not be explained through linkage disequilibrium with the other studied HLA or cytokine genes. CONCLUSION: These alleles may lead to an immunologically mediated mechanism of protection against C trachomatis infection and associated tubal damage, or alternatively increase risk for tubal scarring due to another cause. PMID: 12636945 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
OKOTH PROFOGENDOHASTINGW. ""The politics of constitutional change in Kenya since independence, 1963-1969", African Affairs, vol. 71.". In: East African Law Journal (10). Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 1972. Abstract
The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.
K. DRKANYINGAHENRY. "'The Politics of Development Space in Kenya: The state and NGOs in the Delivery of Basic Services in Kenya.". In: Citizenship and Rights: The Failures of Post-colonial State,Globalisation and Citizenship, Special issue of Africa Development Vol.(XXVIII) No. 1&2. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 1992.
KANYUA PROFMUGAMBIJESSENDWIGA. ""The Predicament of Man", in Presence, Nairobi, Vol. VI No. 1.".; 1973. Abstract

Introduction to Philosophy of Religion, University of Nairobi, 1988

Dorothy McCormick, House W, Ikiara G. ""The Promotion of Self-Employment and Small-scale Enterprises in Urban Kenya: A Case Study." Co-authored with William J. House and Gerrishon K. Ikiara.". In: World Employment Programme Research Working Papers, No. 45. Geneva: International Labour Office. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.; 1990. Abstract

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O PROFMUMMAALBERT. ""The Protection of the Water Environment Through Private Court Action", Water Law, vol. 3/2, 1992, 51.". In: Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 5/2, (1993), at p. 191. Departmental seminar; 1992. Abstract
Oyieke H.A. and Misra A.K:
OKOTH PROFOGENDOHASTINGW. ""The province of law in the science and practice of engineering"; a presentation at the international Engineers Conference on the Engineer and Development held in Nairobi between April 22 and 24.". In: Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66. Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 1988. Abstract
The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.
NTHIA PROFNJERUEH. ""The Psychosocial Aspects of Epilepsy". In Medicus:.". In: Magazine of the Kenya Medical association. April 1992. Volume 11 No. 4. African Wildlife Foundation. Nairobi; 1992. Abstract
This study set out to examine the policy position in Kenyan health care financing, with regard to implementation of the proposed social health scheme (NSHIF) and its performance potential. The specific objectives were to: examine the existing social scheme (NHIF), its role and challenges in health care financing; establish whether or not Kenya has the key pre-requisites for introduction and sustainability of a social health scheme and to provide recommendations on the way forward. This was largely a desk study, supplemented with limited primary data from key informants. The analysis indicates that: i) For a universal social health plan to be sustainable, favorable economic indicators and availability of essential infrastructures are critical prerequisites. Resources must be available, government must be in a position to afford high subsidies, the population must be ready to pay high premiums and the supply of health services must be adequate to cater for the expected increase in demand; ii) Countries that have successfully embraced social health plans introduced their schemes carefully and gradually (overtime) in terms of coverage; iii) Kenya compares unfavorably with these countries in terms of prerequisites for sustainability of a social health scheme, due largely to a poor economy, high poverty levels and shortfalls in facilities and services. The study concludes that Kenya lacks the key prerequisites for introducing and sustaining a universal social health scheme. The scheme can hardly be supported by the current status of the economy and healthcare infrastructures. The study recommends: i) Expansion and development of health care infrastructural capacities through subsidies and tax concessions for those investing in health care and providing subsidized services, particularly to the poor and rehabilitation of the GoK facilities; ii) Increasing the health budget from 7 per cent of government expenditure to above 10 per cent and directing more resources and efforts towards preventive/promotive and primary health care (P&PH); and iii) Other recommendations include subjecting the proposed scheme to an actuarial evaluation and comprehensive policy plan in order to determine the attendant and corresponding premium and benefit levels and pursuing a phased approach in the implementation of the scheme.
OKOTH PROFOGENDOHASTINGW. ""The Quest for Constitutional Government in Africa", Chapter 2, in African Perspectives on Governance (op.cit).". In: Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66. Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 1999. Abstract
The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.
A. O. ""The Quest for Cooperation in the Nile Water Conflicts: The Case of Eritrea,”." African Sociological Review. 2007;Vol. 11(1).
GODFREY PROFMURIUKI. ""The Reconstruction of African History Through Historical, Ethnographic and Oral Sources".". In: In P. Stone and R. Mackenzie. The Excluded past: Archaeology in Education, Unwin Hyman, London.; 1990. Abstract
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OKOTH PROFOGENDOHASTINGW. ""The research process in the study of property and land use in Kenya", paper for the ILC/Ford Foundation Worshop on Social Science Methodogy and Perspectives in legal Research, Kenya Institute of Administration, Kabete.". In: East African Law Journal (10). Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 1974. Abstract
The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.
O PROFNYINGUROPHILIP. ""The Resource Dimension of Conflicts.". In: Sub-Saharan Africa", Regional Development Dialogue, Vol. 26, No, 1, pp 40-49.Spring.; 2005. Abstract
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PAULINE MISSNYAMWEYA. ""The Rights of Women" - Paper presented at the Christian Single Parents Seminar at the Limuru Conference Centre, Limuru, Kenya, 30th September - 1st October.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 4th Biennial Scientific conference2004. Taylor & Francis; 1995.
KIVUTI MRKARINGILINCOLN. ""The risks Of Water Pollution from Urban Refuse - A paper presented in the Second National Conference on Rainwater Harvesting systems at UNEP, Nairobi.". In: A Review of Approaches and Experiences, The World Bank, 2002, 119 pgs. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 1992.
KIVUTI MRKARINGILINCOLN. ""The risks Of Water Pollution from Urban Refuse - A paper presented in the Second National Conference on Rainwater Harvesting systems at UNEP, Nairobi.". In: A Review of Approaches and Experiences, The World Bank, 2002, 119 pgs. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 1992.
WAIRIMU PROFKIBERALUCY. ""The Role of Culture and Education in the Development of Creativity", Adult Educator, The journal of the Kenya Adult Education Association. Vol. 2 No. 2.". In: Adult Educator, The journal of the Kenya Adult Education Association. Vol. 2 No. 2. AIDS 24(6):891-7; 1995. Abstract
  
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""The Role of External Degree Studies in National Development in Kenya".". In: College of Education and External Studies, University of Nairobi seminar 1988. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1988. Abstract
   
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""The Role of External Degree Studies in National Development in Kenya".". In: College of Education and External Studies, University of Nairobi seminar 1988. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1988. Abstract

 

 

J DRCHWEYALUDEKI. ""The Role of Governance and Civil Society of Africa's Development: A Critical Review",.". In: Regional Development Dialogue Vol. 4, No.2, Autumn. ISCTRC; 2004. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
AOSA E. "'The Role of Government in Business''. In Kibera F. (Ed.) Introduction to Businees: A Kenyan Perspective. Kenya Literature Bureau.". In: Nairobi Journal of Management Vol. 3. January/April. Kisipan, M.L.; 1996. Abstract

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OKOTH PROFOGENDOHASTINGW. ""The Role of Members of Parliament in law-making and representation" paper for the post-election seminar for Members of Parliament, Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi July 25-26.". In: Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66. Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 2003. Abstract
The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.
O PROFOYUGIWALTER. ""The Role of NGOs in Fostering Development and Good Governance at the Local Level in Africa with a Focus on Kenya," in Africa Development, Vol. XXXIX, No. 4, 2004, pp. 19-55, CODESRIA.". In: Siriba Teachers Colege, Maseno, Kenya. IPPNW; 2004. Abstract
Although military conflicts are common on the African continent, there is a paucity of data regarding bomb-blast injuries in this region and in Kenya in particular. This paper describes the pattern of maxillofacial injuries sustained after the August 1998 bomb blast that occurred in Nairobi, Kenya. A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out using hospital-based records of 290 bomb-blast survivors admitted at the Kenyatta National Referral and Teaching Hospital in Nairobi. Using a self-designed form to record information about variables such as the sex and age of the survivors and type of location of soft- and hard-tissue injuries, it was found that of the 290 bomb-blast survivors, 78% had sustained one or more maxillofacial injuries. Soft-tissue injuries (cuts, lacerations or bruises) were the most common, constituting 61.3% of all injuries in the maxillofacial region; 27.6% had severe eye injuries, while 1.4% had fractures in the cranio-facial region. This paper concludes that the effective management of bomb-blast injuries as well as those caused by other types of disaster requires a multidisciplinary approach. The high percentage of maxillofacial injuries confirm that maxillofacial surgeons should form an integral part of this multidisciplinary team.
OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "'The Role of NGOs in Human Rights Education: Lessons from Kenya', in The Kenya Adult Educator, Vol. 2 No.2, 7-19.". In: Victoria Walter and Debbie Betts (eds), Safeguarding Human Rights in Eastern Africa (FES, Kampala), 77. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1995. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
K. DRKANYINGAHENRY. ""The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Creating Local Capacity for Development: The Case of Meru District, Kenya - A Research Note. (A Paper presented in a Workshop on "Into the Nineties: Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) During the Cur.". In: Citizenship and Rights: The Failures of Post-colonial State,Globalisation and Citizenship, Special issue of Africa Development Vol.(XXVIII) No. 1&2. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 1989.
ASWANI PROFMWANZIHELLENORONGA. ""The Role of Oral Literature in the Preservation of the Environment.". In: A KOLA publication. Elsevier; 2006.
WAIRIMU PROFKIBERALUCY. ""The Role of Philosophy of Education in the Education of Teachers".". In: Seminar Paper at Kenya Technical Teachers College,in Nairobi, Kenya. AIDS 24(6):891-7; 1987. Abstract
  
OKOTH PROFOGENDOHASTINGW. ""The role of population studies in national development planning" in Report on the Leaders Conference on Reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa, Arusha, Tanzania March 14-16, 1988, WHO Geneva.". In: Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66. Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 1989. Abstract
The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.
Atieno R. ""The Role of Rural Access Roads on the Development of Private Trade: Some Evidence From Maize Marketing in Kenya".". In: 9th World Congress on Transport Research. Seoul, Korea; 2001.
ODERA PROFALILAPATRICK. "'The Role of Self-help Activities in National Development', paper presented at the E.A. Regional Seminar on Participation of Rural Workers, Nairobi, December 1978.". In: The Development of the National Economy Colourprint Ltd. Nairobi, 1993. International Union of Crystallography; 1978. Abstract
Presented here is a 16-year-old girl who was referred on 30th January 1996 with diagnosis of cord compression with spastic paraplegia with sensory level at T7/T8. CT scan myelogam confirmed soft tissue density mass displacing cord to the left with no dye being seen beyond T3. Thoracic spine decompressive laminectomy was performed on 1st January 1996 at Nairobi West Hospital extending from T3 to T6 level, which revealed a fibrous haemorrhagic tumour. Histology showed meningioma (mixed fibrous type and meningoepitheliomatous type) with many psammoma bodies. She had a stormy post-operative period, with infection and wound dehiscence. This was treated with appropriate antibiotics and wound care. She was eventually rehabilitated and was able to walk with the aid of a walking frame because of persistent spasticity of right leg. She was seen once as an outpatient by author on 6th July 1996, she was able to use the walking frame, but the right leg was still held in flexion deformity at the knee. She was thus referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for possible tenotomy. She was able to resume her studies at the University ambulating using a wheel chair and walking frame. She presented with worsening of symptoms in 2001 (five years after her first surgery). MRI scan thoracic spine revealed a left anterolateral intradural lesion extending from T3 to T5 vertebral body level compressing and displacing the spinal cord. She had a repeat surgery on 6th March 2001 at Kenyatta National Hospital; spastic paraparesis and urinary incontinenece persisted. She also developed bed sores and recurrent urinary tract infections. She was followed up by the author and other medical personnel in Mwea Mission Hospital where she eventually succumbed in 2005, nine years after her first surgery. This case is presented as a case of incompletely excised spinal meningioma to highlight some of the problems of managing spinal meningiomas when operating microscope and embolisation of tumours are not readily available. Also the family experienced financial constraint in bringing the patient for regular follow-up, and getting access to appropriate antibiotics, catheters and urine bags.
ABDALLAH DRAL-ASARAYMAMIBRAHIM. ""The Role of the Narrator in Swahili Plays", faculty fo languages and Translation studies, Al-Azhar University, Issue 33. and also published in African perspective, second volume, Issue 8, winter 2001-2002, state Information Service.". In: IEE Journal in Engineering, Science and Education, Vol. & (NO) vol. 7, no. 2, pp. pp. 81-87. Academic Journals; 2002. Abstract
21) S. Derese, A. Yenesew, J.O. Midiwo, Heydenreich and M.G. Peter. (). ..
KIIRU PROFMUCHUGUDH. ""The Rump and the Neck: Snippets from Somali Oral Poetry," Journal of the Korean Association of African Studies 25 (June 2007): 263-82.". In: Journal of the Korean Association of African Studies 25 (June 2007): 263-82. Philosophical Issues Invoked by Shona People; 2007. Abstract

This essay looks at Somali oral poetry, using poetry now committed to writing primarily from B. W. Andrzejewski and I. M. Lewis

OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "'The S.M. Otieno Case: Some Socio-legal Issues', in Ojwang' J.B. and Mugambi, J.N.K. (eds): The S.M. Otieno Case: Death and Burial in Modern Kenya (Nairobi, U.P.).". In: Chapter 3. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1989. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
.S PROFODINGORICHARD. ""The Scope of Land Re-Settlement in the Kenya Highlands"- publication in the Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium of the East African Academy, 1966.". In: Cambridge University Press. Journal of School of Continuous and Distance Education ; 1966. Abstract
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O PROFOYUGIWALTER. ""The Search for an Appropriate Decentralization Design in Kenya: Historical and Comparative Perspectives," in Kindiki, K., and Ambani, O., (eds.), The Anatomy of Bomas: Selected Analyses of the 2004 Draft Constitution of Kenya, Nairobi: Claripress.". In: Siriba Teachers Colege, Maseno, Kenya. IPPNW; 2005. Abstract
Although military conflicts are common on the African continent, there is a paucity of data regarding bomb-blast injuries in this region and in Kenya in particular. This paper describes the pattern of maxillofacial injuries sustained after the August 1998 bomb blast that occurred in Nairobi, Kenya. A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out using hospital-based records of 290 bomb-blast survivors admitted at the Kenyatta National Referral and Teaching Hospital in Nairobi. Using a self-designed form to record information about variables such as the sex and age of the survivors and type of location of soft- and hard-tissue injuries, it was found that of the 290 bomb-blast survivors, 78% had sustained one or more maxillofacial injuries. Soft-tissue injuries (cuts, lacerations or bruises) were the most common, constituting 61.3% of all injuries in the maxillofacial region; 27.6% had severe eye injuries, while 1.4% had fractures in the cranio-facial region. This paper concludes that the effective management of bomb-blast injuries as well as those caused by other types of disaster requires a multidisciplinary approach. The high percentage of maxillofacial injuries confirm that maxillofacial surgeons should form an integral part of this multidisciplinary team.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""The Silenced Satirist", The Guardian, Londan, 6 March.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1978. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""The Smoke." In Soho Square V : A Collection of New Writing from Africa.Eds. Steve Kromberg and James Ogude. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1992. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
ODERA PROFALILAPATRICK. "'The Social Organisation of the Maasai of Kajiado District in Kajiado District Social Cultural Profile. Institute of African Studies, Nairobi, June 1984.". In: The Development of the National Economy Colourprint Ltd. Nairobi, 1993. International Union of Crystallography; 1984. Abstract
Presented here is a 16-year-old girl who was referred on 30th January 1996 with diagnosis of cord compression with spastic paraplegia with sensory level at T7/T8. CT scan myelogam confirmed soft tissue density mass displacing cord to the left with no dye being seen beyond T3. Thoracic spine decompressive laminectomy was performed on 1st January 1996 at Nairobi West Hospital extending from T3 to T6 level, which revealed a fibrous haemorrhagic tumour. Histology showed meningioma (mixed fibrous type and meningoepitheliomatous type) with many psammoma bodies. She had a stormy post-operative period, with infection and wound dehiscence. This was treated with appropriate antibiotics and wound care. She was eventually rehabilitated and was able to walk with the aid of a walking frame because of persistent spasticity of right leg. She was seen once as an outpatient by author on 6th July 1996, she was able to use the walking frame, but the right leg was still held in flexion deformity at the knee. She was thus referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for possible tenotomy. She was able to resume her studies at the University ambulating using a wheel chair and walking frame. She presented with worsening of symptoms in 2001 (five years after her first surgery). MRI scan thoracic spine revealed a left anterolateral intradural lesion extending from T3 to T5 vertebral body level compressing and displacing the spinal cord. She had a repeat surgery on 6th March 2001 at Kenyatta National Hospital; spastic paraparesis and urinary incontinenece persisted. She also developed bed sores and recurrent urinary tract infections. She was followed up by the author and other medical personnel in Mwea Mission Hospital where she eventually succumbed in 2005, nine years after her first surgery. This case is presented as a case of incompletely excised spinal meningioma to highlight some of the problems of managing spinal meningiomas when operating microscope and embolisation of tumours are not readily available. Also the family experienced financial constraint in bringing the patient for regular follow-up, and getting access to appropriate antibiotics, catheters and urine bags.
N PROFNZOMODAUDI. ""The Socio-Economic Consequences of Kenya's Changed Formal Education Structure. A synoptic review of Kenya's Education policy and structural change to the current 8-4-4 structure: high-lighting the socio-economic consequences.". In: The Kenya Economic Association, Nairobi, (25 pages). RIVERBRROKS COMMUNICATIONS; 1984. Abstract
Journal of the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Kenya. (pages 13-15)
N PROFNZOMODAUDI. ""The Socio-Economic Consequences of Kenya's Changed Formal Education Structure. A synoptic review of Kenya's Education policy and structural change to the current 8-4-4 structure: high-lighting the socio-economic consequences.". In: The Kenya Economic Association, Nairobi, (25 pages).; 1984. Abstract

Journal of the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Kenya. (pages 13-15)

W PROFMUTOROHENRY. ""The Spatial Distribution of the Mijikenda Kaya Settlements on the Hinterland Kenya Coast", TransAfrican Journal of History. Vol.14, 1985, pp. 78-100.". In: TransAfrican Journal of History. Vol.14, 1985, pp. 78-100. Elsevier; 1985. Abstract
This chapter attempts to re-evaluate the history of the East African coast and the Comores between the seventh and eleventh centuries. This is being done with a view to correcting the false picture painted by historians and/or archaeologists of the colonial school of thought, who presented rather a history of foreign traders and colonizers credited with the civilization of the coast. The role of outsiders in the early history of the East African coast cannot be denied, but it is one thing to be part of a process of change and completely another to claim responsibility for the process. Recent research, however, is slowly but surely making it very clear that the history of the East African coast is the history of indigenous African populations and their interaction with the environment
O PROFOYUGIWALTER. ""The Special Rural Development Programme (SRDP): An Assessment," in East African Journal, Vol. 9, No. 3, March 1976.". In: East African Journal of Rural Development, Vol. 9, 9 June 1976. IPPNW; 1976. Abstract

Although military conflicts are common on the African continent, there is a paucity of data regarding bomb-blast injuries in this region and in Kenya in particular. This paper describes the pattern of maxillofacial injuries sustained after the August 1998 bomb blast that occurred in Nairobi, Kenya. A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out using hospital-based records of 290 bomb-blast survivors admitted at the Kenyatta National Referral and Teaching Hospital in Nairobi. Using a self-designed form to record information about variables such as the sex and age of the survivors and type of location of soft- and hard-tissue injuries, it was found that of the 290 bomb-blast survivors, 78% had sustained one or more maxillofacial injuries. Soft-tissue injuries (cuts, lacerations or bruises) were the most common, constituting 61.3% of all injuries in the maxillofacial region; 27.6% had severe eye injuries, while 1.4% had fractures in the cranio-facial region. This paper concludes that the effective management of bomb-blast injuries as well as those caused by other types of disaster requires a multidisciplinary approach. The high percentage of maxillofacial injuries confirm that maxillofacial surgeons should form an integral part of this multidisciplinary team.

GODFREY PROFMURIUKI. ""The State of Research in Kenya".". In: Conference on the State of Humanities in Africa, Nairobi, 29 November - 1 December.; 1994. Abstract
n/a
WAIRIMU PROFKIBERALUCY. ""The State of the Art of Adult Education and Didactic Materials in Kenya: A Gender Perspective" Journal of Kenya Adult Education Association Vol. 3 No. 2 1997.". In: UNESCO/UNITWIN CHAIRS STRATEGIC planning workshop at University of Nairobi- 15-17 July ,1997. AIDS 24(6):891-7; 1997. Abstract
  
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. ""The State of the Art of Participatory Local Development" S.O. Akatch Sub-National Planning in Kenya, Centre for Urban Research. 1998.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1998.
J DRCHWEYALUDEKI. ""The Steel Frame for Rule: The Provincial Administration in Colonial and Post-Colonial Kenya,".". In: Paper Presented at the African Studies Association (ASA), Washington DC, Fall. ISCTRC; 2003. Abstract
Differentiation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic (midgut) forms is an important first step in the establishment of an infection within the tsetse fly. This complex process is mediated by a wide variety of factors, including those associated with the vector itself, the trypanosomes and the bloodmeal. As part of an on-going project in our laboratory, we recently isolated and characterized a bloodmeal-induced molecule with both lectin and trypsin activities from midguts of the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis [Osir, E.O., Abubakar, L., Imbuga, M.O., 1995. Purification and characterization of a midgut lectin-trypsin complex from the tsetse fly, Glossina longipennis. Parasitol. Res. 81, 276-281]. The protein (lectin-trypsin complex) was found to be capable of stimulating differentiation of bloodstream trypanosomes in vitro. Using polyclonal antibodies to the complex, we screened a G. fuscipes fuscipes cDNA midgut expression library and identified a putative proteolytic lectin gene. The cDNA encodes a putative mature polypeptide with 274 amino acids (designated Glossina proteolytic lectin, Gpl). The deduced amino acid sequence includes a hydrophobic signal peptide and a highly conserved N-terminal sequence motif. The typical features of serine protease trypsin family of proteins found in the sequence include the His/Asp/Ser active site triad with the conserved residues surrounding it, three pairs of cysteine residues for disulfide bridges and an aspartate residue at the specificity pocket. Expression of the gene in a bacterial expression system yielded a protein (M(r) approximately 32,500). The recombinant protein (Gpl) bound d(+) glucosamine and agglutinated bloodstream-form trypanosomes and rabbit red blood cells. In addition, the protein was found to be capable of inducing transformation of bloodstream-form trypanosomes into procyclic forms in vitro. Antibodies raised against the recombinant protein showed cross-reactivity with the alpha subunit of the lectin-trypsin complex. These results support our earlier hypothesis that this molecule is involved in the establishment of trypanosome infections in tsetse flies.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. ""The structure and Organization of sport in Kenya and Malawi" in Sports for All into the 90s I.S.C.P.E.S" volume 7, Meyer & Mayer Verlag, Aachen Germany, 1991.". In: 8th Biennal Conference of I.S.C.P.E.S, Houston, June 12-18 1992. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1991. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""The Tabanic Genre", in Standpoints on African Literature, Nairobi (EALB) pp. 86-95.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1973. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
CIARUNJI PROFCHESAINA. "'The Theme of Regeneration in Robert Serumaga's Return to the Shadows' in Africa Thought and Practice Vol. 4 No. 1.". In: Macmillan Kenya. uon press; 1982. Abstract
coming soon at the webstie
OKOTH PROFOGENDOHASTINGW. ""The Tragic African Commons: A century of expropriation, suppression, and subversion, in Amplifying Local Voices: Striving for Environmental Justice, Centre for International Environmental Law, et. al.". In: Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66. Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 2002. Abstract
The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.
Muasya, Juliet N, Kazungu, Teresa W. "'The Unfinished Business' Exploring Teachers' Views on Gender and Pedagogical Practices in Public Preschools in Nairobi County, Kenya." African Educational Research Journal. 2018;6(1):10-19.
O PROFOYUGIWALTER. ""The Unification of the Local Government System in Kenya," in Peter deValk and Wekwete, (eds.), Decentralisation for Participatory Planning (Aldershot: Gower Publishing Co.).". In: Walter O. Oyugi, (ed.), Politics and Administration in East Africa (Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers). IPPNW; 1989. Abstract
Although military conflicts are common on the African continent, there is a paucity of data regarding bomb-blast injuries in this region and in Kenya in particular. This paper describes the pattern of maxillofacial injuries sustained after the August 1998 bomb blast that occurred in Nairobi, Kenya. A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out using hospital-based records of 290 bomb-blast survivors admitted at the Kenyatta National Referral and Teaching Hospital in Nairobi. Using a self-designed form to record information about variables such as the sex and age of the survivors and type of location of soft- and hard-tissue injuries, it was found that of the 290 bomb-blast survivors, 78% had sustained one or more maxillofacial injuries. Soft-tissue injuries (cuts, lacerations or bruises) were the most common, constituting 61.3% of all injuries in the maxillofacial region; 27.6% had severe eye injuries, while 1.4% had fractures in the cranio-facial region. This paper concludes that the effective management of bomb-blast injuries as well as those caused by other types of disaster requires a multidisciplinary approach. The high percentage of maxillofacial injuries confirm that maxillofacial surgeons should form an integral part of this multidisciplinary team.
NEBAT MRMOMANYIAKUNGA. ""The United Nations Security Council: An unmitigated flop? LL.B- Dissertation (1992) University of Nairobi, Kenya (unpublished).". In: Kenya J. Sci. and Tech. (B) vol. 7 (1) 23-28,. Departmental seminar; 1992. Abstract
Oyieke H.A. and Misra A.K:
OKOTH PROFOGENDOHASTINGW. ""The urbanisation process in Kenya: Research priorities in G. W. Kanyeihamba and J.P.W.B. McAuslan (eds); Urban Law in Eastern Africa, Uppsala, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies.". In: Academics Press, New york. Cent. Afri. J. Pharm.Sci. 5(3): 60-66; 1978. Abstract
The identification of five novel compounds, pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-erythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 8,9-anhydro-pseudo-N-demethylerythromycin A-6,9-hemiketal, 5-O-beta-D-desosaminylerythronolide A and 15-nor-erythromycin C, in mother liquor concentrates of Streptomyces erythraeus is described. The pseudo-erythromycin derivatives are characterized by a 12-membered macrocyclic ring as a result of C13––C11 trans-lactonization. The five compounds have very little antimicrobial activity.
ODERA PROFALILAPATRICK. "'The Use of Available Data to Generate More Data' A Presentation to the National symposium on Statistical Surveys, 1988.". In: The Development of the National Economy Colourprint Ltd. Nairobi, 1993. International Union of Crystallography; 1988. Abstract
Presented here is a 16-year-old girl who was referred on 30th January 1996 with diagnosis of cord compression with spastic paraplegia with sensory level at T7/T8. CT scan myelogam confirmed soft tissue density mass displacing cord to the left with no dye being seen beyond T3. Thoracic spine decompressive laminectomy was performed on 1st January 1996 at Nairobi West Hospital extending from T3 to T6 level, which revealed a fibrous haemorrhagic tumour. Histology showed meningioma (mixed fibrous type and meningoepitheliomatous type) with many psammoma bodies. She had a stormy post-operative period, with infection and wound dehiscence. This was treated with appropriate antibiotics and wound care. She was eventually rehabilitated and was able to walk with the aid of a walking frame because of persistent spasticity of right leg. She was seen once as an outpatient by author on 6th July 1996, she was able to use the walking frame, but the right leg was still held in flexion deformity at the knee. She was thus referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for possible tenotomy. She was able to resume her studies at the University ambulating using a wheel chair and walking frame. She presented with worsening of symptoms in 2001 (five years after her first surgery). MRI scan thoracic spine revealed a left anterolateral intradural lesion extending from T3 to T5 vertebral body level compressing and displacing the spinal cord. She had a repeat surgery on 6th March 2001 at Kenyatta National Hospital; spastic paraparesis and urinary incontinenece persisted. She also developed bed sores and recurrent urinary tract infections. She was followed up by the author and other medical personnel in Mwea Mission Hospital where she eventually succumbed in 2005, nine years after her first surgery. This case is presented as a case of incompletely excised spinal meningioma to highlight some of the problems of managing spinal meningiomas when operating microscope and embolisation of tumours are not readily available. Also the family experienced financial constraint in bringing the patient for regular follow-up, and getting access to appropriate antibiotics, catheters and urine bags.
O PROFMUMMAALBERT. ""The Use of Compliance Monitoring in Water Pollution Prosecutions..". In: Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 5/2, (1993), at p. 191. Departmental seminar; 1993. Abstract
Oyieke H.A. and Misra A.K:
CHAGA MRSMWALIWAHANNAH. ""The Veil and morlal integrity in Islam"- a dissertation for the partial fulfillment of the requirements for award of Bachelor of Arts degree in Religious studies at the University of Nairobi. 1997.". In: High Ridge Teachers College, Nairobi, Kenya for Ministry of Education, Kenya. University of Birmingham; 1997.
and Kettle KDNSFA. ""The vibrational Spectra of mixed crystals of (C6H5)3PMxM1- x(CO)5, where M, M = Cr, Mo, W."." Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 6, 319. 1977.
KIIRU PROFMUCHUGUDH. ""The Woman's Role in Alex La Guma's Fiction," PhD, University of Nairobi.". In: Wajibu 14.1. Philosophical Issues Invoked by Shona People; 1997. Abstract

KITHURE DRKINDIKI. ""The Years on: The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwands Constributions to International Criminal Law: in Volume 31-34 Eastern Africa Law Review pp. 76-100.". In: In Volume 23 Forced Migration Review p. 37. Vaccine 26:2788- 2795; 2004. Abstract

We describe the technique of splenic aspiration in 113 patients presenting with splenomegaly. It was used initially to establish a diagnosis, and in those patients with kala azar, to follow the response of the parasites to therapy until 'parasitological cure'. In all 671 aspirations were performed. No complications occurred in the 69 patients with active kala azar, who collectively had more than 600 aspirations. One patient in a moribund condition had a fatal haemorrhage. The aspirate suggested a lymphoma, confirmed at autopsy. In 68 of the 69 patients with active kala azar, the diagnosis was established at the first aspiration. The essentials of the technique are the use of a small calibre needle (21 G), and speed, the needle being in the spleen for less than a second, with the consequent procurement of a few drops of material only.

Wanjala C. "Theatre and Politics." African Perspectives. 1977;1(1):30-38.
HENRY PROFINDANGASI. ""Theatre and Politics", African Perspective, (September - October 1977), 1, 30-38.". In: (Published in Japanese). GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, July 2009; 1977. Abstract
This integrative review on the teaching of reading in Kenyan primary schools provides a foundation for the growing movement there to improve reading education. In gathering sources for this review, we took an inclusive historical stance. Thus, we did not dismiss research reports that lacked traditional indicators of quality such as being published in peer-reviewed journals. We used multiple methods to find relevant research and associated documents, including two trips to Kenya. The review is organized by six topics: (a) language of instruction, (b) reading instruction, (c) reading materials, (d) reading culture, (e) assessment, and (f) teacher development. The review concludes with six proposals for policymakers, educational researchers, and teacher educators for the development of reading instruction based on what we learned in reviewing the literature. The first proposals are intended specifically to address the teaching of reading in Kenya, but they may be relevant to other sub-Saharan nations. The final proposal encourages others to conduct similar reviews to make possible a handbook of reading in Africa.
Bishop RP, Odongo DO, Mann J, Pearson TW, Sugimoto C, Haines LR, Glass E, Jensen K, Seitzer U, Ahmed JS, Graham SP, de Villiers EP. "Theileria.". In: Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animal-Associated Microbes. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 2009.
JOAB PROFBWAYOJOB. "Theileria parva. Isolation of acroschizonts from in vitro propagated parasitized bovine lymphoblastoid cells. Nyormoi O., Bwayo JJ. and Hirumi H. (1981). Experimental Parasitology 52: 303?311.". In: Experimental Parasitology 52: 303?311. Asian Economic and Social Society; 1981. Abstract
The factors responsible for the explosive spread of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be identified and debated. One of the most controversial factors has been male circumcision. This cross-sectional study was conducted to measure the association between circumcision status and infection with HIV-1 among men with genital ulcer disease. Eight hundred and ten men participated in the study, of whom 190 (23%) were HIV-1-positive. A logistic regression model adjusted for behavioral and historical showed that HIV-1 positivity was independently associated with being uncircumcised (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 4.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.3-7.2) and with a history of urethral discharge (adjusted OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.4-2.8). This association could not be explained by measures of sexual exposure to HIV-1 among this population. Male circumcision should be considered as an intervention strategy for AIDS control.
Bishop RP, Thomas T Dolan, Rosemary B Dolan RSPSAD. "THEILERIOSIS IN MOUNTAIN BONGO REPATRIATED TO KENYA: A CLINCAL AND MOLECULAR INVESTIGATION." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2019;50(2):342-349.
Akintayo RO, Akpabio AA, Kalla AA, Dey D, Migowa AN, Olaosebikan H, Bahiri R, Miedany YE, Hadef D, Oyoo O. "TheimpactofCOVID-19onrheumatologypractice acrossAfrica." Af r ic a n J o u r n a l o f R h e u mat o l o g y. 2021;9(1):1-6. Abstractthe_impact_of_covid-19_on_rheumatology_practice.pdf

Objectives. To identify the changes in rheumatology service delivery across the five regions of Africa from the
impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods. The COVID-19 African Rheumatology Study Group created an online survey consisting of 40 questions
relating to the current practices and experiences of rheumatologists across Africa. The CHERRIES checklist for
reporting results of internet e-surveys was adhered to.
Results. A total of 554 completed responses were received from 20 countries, which include six in Northern
Africa, six in West Africa, four in Southern Africa, three in East Africa and one in Central Africa. Consultant grade
rheumatologists constituted 436 (78.7%) of respondents with a mean of 14.56 10.3 years of experience. A total of
77 (13.9%) rheumatologists avoided starting a new biologic. Face-to-face clinics with the use of some personal
protective equipment continued to be held in only 293 (52.9%) rheumatologists’ practices. Teleconsultation modalities
found usage as follows: telephone in 335 (60.5%), WhatsApp in 241 (43.5%), emails in 90 (16.3%) and video
calls in 53 (9.6%). Physical examinations were mostly reduced in 295 (53.3%) or done with personal protective
equipment in 128 (23.1%) practices. Only 316 (57.0%) reported that the national rheumatology society in their
country had produced any recommendation around COVID-19 while only 73 (13.2%) confirmed the availability of a
national rheumatology COVID-19 registry in their country.
Conclusion. COVID-19 has shifted daily rheumatology practices across Africa to more virtual consultations and
regional disparities are more apparent in the availability of local protocols and registries.
Key words: COVID-19, Africa, rheumatology, DMARD, rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases, telem

J. DRMUNGUTIKAENDI. "Their Own Words: Women Coping with Lymphatic Filariasis in Kwale District, Kenya.". In: Institute of Physics CMMP `94, Warwick, U.K., 19-21 December 1994, Paper 1.4ss.11, p. 157. Lelax Global (K) Ltd; 1999. Abstract
The book is a biography of the author. He begins with fundamenbtal question whether we can determine our destiny or we are just fulfiling what has already been ordained. He then explains how he has grown over the yeas experiencing changes.  
TIMAMMY RAYYA. "Thematic Analysis of Utendi wa Mwanakupona: A Swahili/Islamic Perspective.". In: Institut National des Langues et civilization (INALCO). Paris; 2013.
Mbuthia DEM. A Thematic and Stylistic Analysis of Kiswahili Short Stories . Deutschland, : VDM Muller ; 2010.
O PROFNYAMBOKISAAC. "Thematic geological map of the Lake Basin area. In Natural Resources Atlas for Lake Basin Development Authority (LBDA).". In: Published by the Regional Center in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing. 2p. Wiley Interscience; 1986. Abstract
Nyambok, I.O.
E. DRKAPULEDANIEL. "Thematic Maps. Geography Techniques II.". In: Nairobi University Press. RIVERBRROKS COMMUNICATIONS; 1991. Abstract
PMID: 614126 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
"Thematising Election Politics in Swahili Epic: The case of Mahmoud Abdulkadir .". In: Songs and Politics in Eastern Africa. Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers Tanzania; 2007.
M DRKEMOLIARTHUR. "Theme of the past in Caribbean Literature WLE, Texas, U.S.A.". In: UoN Press. ARCHWAY Technology Management Ltd; 1973. Abstract

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Odingo RS. "Theme Parks and Technology Parks." IGAD countries 2012; 2012. Abstract
n/a
THUITA MRTHENYA. "Thenya, T., 1997:Landuse Dynamics of the Ewaso Ngi'ro system, Effects on Biodiversity Conservation and Tourism Management: A Biodiversity review, "Paper for KWS from a study carried out under a link between Laikipia Research Programme (Nanyuki) and Kenya.". In: Proc. Of the 9th SR-CRSP Scientific Workshop, Nairobi, Kenya. PP 176-178,. MA thesis, Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1997. Abstract

Data relating to reproductive parameters of German shepherd bitches were collected from registered German shepherd dog (GSD) breeders with information kept over a 15-year period (1982-1997). The information obtained was verified using the East African Kennel Club records. A total of 594 bitches from 280 breeders were recorded. From these, 798 heats were observed, 594 of which were used for breeding, resulting in 3592 puppies. The mean age at puberty was 519.0 +/- 41 days. Heats occurred throughout the year, although significantly (P < 0.05) higher and lower incidences were observed in October and April respectively Pregnancy significantly (P < 0.01) increased interoestrous interval, which was 247.8 +/- 99.6 and 183 +/- 52 days among bred/pregnant and non-bred bitches respectively. Most bitches in oestrus (73.7%) were bred, and breeding was carried out throughout the year, with a distribution closely related to that of heat incidence. Subsequently, whelping occurred throughout the year, and 95.5% of the bitches that were mated whelped. A mean gestation period of 60.6 +/- 5.1 days was observed. The mean litter size was 6.4 +/- 0.4 puppies, and did not differ significantly between months. The preweaning losses were low, with 2.3% stillbirths, 0.9% culls and 11.4% mortalities.

A. HASHIM. Theologies of Hope: An Islamic Perspective. London: The Centre on Religion and Global Affairs; 2016.theologies_of_hope_an__islamic_perspective.pdf
editor Isaac M.T. Mwase, editor Eunice K. Kamaara. Theologies of Liberation and Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of Professor Jesse N.K. Mugambi. Nairobi: Acton; 2012.Website
Kivindu RM. Theoretical and Experimental study of a Multi-pass two-glass cover solar air heater under transient conditions .; 2010. Abstract

The major problems experienced with solar air heaters are their non-reliability as their operation largely depends on weather conditions which keep on changing. This study was aimed at providing and experimentally validating a transient based model for predicting the performance of multi-pass solar air heaters operating on changing weather conditions. A transient prediction model was developed by considering the thermal capacities of the collector components and the flowing air. Differential equations were developed by considering the energy interactions and balances for the various components of the collector, and then solved nUmerically. The developed model was tested with input data of insolation, ambient temperature, wind velocity and solar time and then validated experimentally by use of a single collector which was designed to accommodate all the four flow arrangements investigated ( SPM, DMPM, DTPM and TPM). The time constant of the collector constructed was determined experimentally to be 27 minutes. The theoretical collector performance results indicated a transient behavior for changing weather conditions. This was' also confirmed by the experiment carried out whose data were recorded and plotted at intervals of two minutes Based on air temperature rise and collector efficiency both the developed theoretical model and experimental set up indicated that the triple pass mode is superior to the other modes, with the single pass mode ranked the lowest in performance. The developed ~UlputaticmaI prediction model had a standard deviational error of 1.8 to 2.1 % as compared to the experimental values which had an error of2.7 to 9.6%. The TPM had the lowest error (1.8%) while the SPM had the highest (2.1%). When compared to other models and experiments, the results were in good agreement. The developed model confirmed that air temperature rise in the collector is a function of available solar insolation and prevailing weather conditions such as; cloud cover, ambient temperature and wind. It was found that, in actual sense thermal solar collectors do expenence transient conditions and the developed transient model was necessary, and is expected to reduce the day long experiments that need to' be carried out to. acquire the performance characteristics of solar air heaters under changing weather conditions.

Ebrahim YH. Theoretical architecture (Aleamarat alnazania): Regional bioclimatic architecture. Chisinau, Moldova: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2021.
McCluskey WJ, K'akumu A, Olima WHA. Theoretical Basis of Land Value Taxation.; 2005.Website
Mwinzi JM. "Theoretical Frameworks and Indigenous Knowledge Systems." International Journal of Education and Research. 2015;3:677-684. Abstract
n/a
Kaduki KA. "Theoretical investigation of gain in 1.3mm GaInNAs-GaAs quantum Well diode lasers." Maseno Journal of Education, Arts and Science. 2001;3(2):160-168.
Peng B, Xu K, Zhang H, Shao H, Ni G, Li J, Wu L, Lu H, Jin Q, Zhu H. "Theoretical investigation of novel electronic, optical, mechanical and thermal properties of metallic hydrogen at 495 GPa." arXiv preprint arXiv:1805.10920. 2018. Abstract
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Bulinda DM. The theoretical narrative in Educational Administration. Lambert Academic Publishing; 2018.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. "Theoretical probabilities and practical possibilities of nurturing teachers' and primary school learners' social and emotional skills: Examples from Kenya." Journal of Pedagogy, Andragogy and Heutagogy in Academic Practice(ISSN: 2708-261X),. 2021;2(3):42-56.
k litondo, Omwansa T, Njenga K. "A Theoretical Review of Mobile Commerce Success Determinants." Journal of Information Engineering and Applications. 2016;6(5):13-23.a_theoretical_review.pdf
Okeng'o GO'a. A theoretical Study of Stellar Pulsations in Young Brown Dwarfs. Lindsay PR, Olivier DE, eds. Cape Town: UWC/UCT; 2010.msc_thesis.pdf
Ayonga DSODJ&. "Theoretical Underpinnings of Urban Sprawl; In search of a Universal Theory of the 21st Century Urban Management Challenge.". In: Africa Habitat. Nairobi: Africa Habitat Review Journal; 2009. Abstract

Urban sprawl is a phenomenon which characterizes all urban spaces both in MDCs and LDCs. Managing the problems associated with urban sprawl, especially in LDCs, is, however, mind boggling, hence, the very reason why the theme of the world urban forum held in 2008 in Beijing city, China, read: cities without sprawl. In order to manage urban sprawl in a sustainable way, there is need to understand the factors which bring it about. In an effort to contribute to that understanding, this paper seeks answers to the questions: Do patterns of urban sprawl occur the same way in every city both in MDCs and LDCs? In other words, can urban sprawl be explained by use of a single and universal theory? The review of literature has established that patterns of peri-urban formation vary depending on the city-rural relationship at the rural-urban interface. In countries where the urban land use system is integrated with that of the rural, peri-urban formation takes the form of invasion and succession along the city-rural continuum. In countries where the rural and urban land use systems are dichotomized, peri-urban dichotomy. It is concluded, however, that there is no single theory to explain all forms of urban sprawl. The general consensus; however, is that urban sprawl is undesirable. A framework to predetermining desirable/ optimum patterns of peri-urban formation is conceptualized in this paper. What constitutes a universal theory that informs a desirable/optimum model is also conceptualized in this paper and termed here in as the integrated politico-social-economic optimizing model.

Key words: theoretical underpinings, urban sprawl, universal theory, management challenge, urban fringe.

SILAS DRMURERAMANZI. "Theorie Electromagnetique de Maxwell et ses Applications. Electrodynamique Relativiste.". In: Etudes Rwandaises. EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu.; 1993.
Nyarwath O, Omosa M, Njeru G, Ontita E. Theory and Practice of Governance in Kenya. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2006.
Nyarwath O, Omosa M, Njeru GR, Ontita E. Theory and Practice of Governance in Kenya: Towards Civic Engagement. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2006.
Ontita E, Njeru GR, Omosa M, Nyarwath O. Theory and practice of governance in Kenya: towards civic engagement.; 2006.Website
N.O. O. Theory and Practice of Mixed Modeling. Saarbrucken: VDM-Verlag Dr.Mueller; 2010.
S. PROFNTEEREJACOB. "The theory of Achivement Motivation and its Applicability to sport and Physical Education University of Manchester, 1982.". In: University of Manchester, 1989. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi; 1982. Abstract
Introduction The Centre for Open and Distance Learning has been established to facilitate the Internal Faculties in launching and managing their programmes using distance mode with a view to increasing access to university education and provide equity in higher education to the learners all over the country. Operational Strategies The operational strategies that have been set up involve collaborative arrangements between the CODL and the Internal Faculties in the development of Study Materials and Learner support Services for off-campus students. The professional in open and distance learning are availed by the Centre to serve the Faculties as trainers while the Faculties provide academic expertise who are facilitated through participatory methods involving application of knowledge, skills and strategies to develop study materials in their respective subjects. Focus The Centre is currently working with Faculties of Science, Commerce and Arts. The Material development process involves training, writing, reviewing and editing followed by conversion to e-content and audio modes. Conclusion These collaborative arrangements will increase access to higher education make significant contribution in the realization of educational Millennium Goals in Kenya where only 20% of all those who qualify obtain admission in the public universities.
KIIRU PROFMUCHUGUDH. "Theory of Literature, University of Nairobi.". In: Wajibu 14.1. Philosophical Issues Invoked by Shona People; 1988. Abstract

Literary scholars in Kenya have recognised that oral literature is a cultural heritage worth preserving and accessing. To this end, they have used traditional information to good effect. In today

P PROFONIANG&#39;OCLEMENTM. "A Theory of Religion, Ideology and Utopia in Marx.". In: A Journal of Philosophy and Social Action, Vol.VIII, No.1982, pp.7-14.; 1982. Abstract
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Amayo AA, Wambua JV ODAO. "Therapeutic Drug monitoring – The Kenyan experience." Proc XVI ICC . 1996:109.
Nzila AM, Kokwaro G, Winstanley PA, Marsh K, Ward SA. "Therapeutic potential of folate uptake inhibition in Plasmodium falciparum.". 2004. Abstract

Plasmodium falciparum parasites resistant to the combination sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine are spreading in Africa, particularly in East Africa. This is a matter of concern because there are no other affordable drugs available. This article provides the evidence indicating that sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine resistance can be reversed in vitro and discusses how this information might be exploited to extend the therapeutic lifetime of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in vivo

KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "therapeutic value of fermented Uji as a weaning food.". In: International Foundation for Science (IFS) workshop on . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1991. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
M PROFOGUTUGILBERTE. "There is Prosperity in Peace, S.I.P.".; 2005. Abstract
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Farquhar C, Newman LP, Mashalla Y, O'Malley G, Odero T, Gachuno O. "Theresa Mary Awuor Odero Theresa Mary Awuor Odero The Afya Bora Fellowship in Global Health Leadership: dual mentorship to strengthen the next generation of African health leaders." Annals of Global Health. 2015;81(1):25. AbstractWebsite

Mentorship is critical to develop effective leaders. The Afya Bora Fellowship in Global Health Leadership program, a consortium of four African and four US universities formed in 2008, has incorporated a robust dual mentorship component into its training of over 70 fellows. Each Fellow was assigned two mentors to guide professional growth over the fellowship period. Here, we evaluate 39 Fellows' experiences with their mentors between 2012 and 2014, and identify how these relationships prepare Fellows to lead major health programs

Cosmas M. Muiva, Santhiaraj S, Mwabora JM. "Thermal and Compositional defects in Chemical Spray Pyrolysed Indium Selenide (In2Se3) Thin Films: Effects on film properties." Journal of Non Crystalline Solids . 2011;357:3726-3733 .
Muiva CM, Santhaiaraj ST, Mwabora JM. "Thermal and compositional defects in chemical spray pyrolysed indium selenide (In2Se3) thin films: Effects on film properties ." Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Material. 2011;13(9):1240-1245. Abstract

Polycrystalline In2Se3 semiconducting thin films were synthesized by chemical spray pyrolysis and their properties investigated. Strong dependence of structural and opto-electronic properties on film composition was observed. Absorption coefficient (α) at normal incidence was determined and an optimised direct optical band gap (Eg) of 1.92 eV was obtained at a substrate temperature (Tsub) of 673 K. Whereas low Tsub favoured incorporation of impurities in the films, elevated Tsub
had the effects of introducing textural and structural defects with modifications in the film properties. The crystallinity of the films increased with switch from chalcogen rich to chalcogen deficient films.

Keywords: In2Se3, Spray pyrolysis, Chalcopyrite buffers, Opto-electronic property

A. Ogacho, and B. O. Aduda, Nyongesa FW. "Thermal conductivity of a kaolinite refractory: effect of a plant-derived organic binder." J. Mat. Sci. 2003;38 :2293-2297.
Ogacho AA, Aduda BO, Nyongesa FW. "Thermal conductivity of a kaolinite refractory: effect of a plant-derived organic binder." Journal of Materials Science. 2003;38:2293-2297. Abstract

The effect of corchorus olitorius derived binder on the effective thermal conductivity of a kaolinite-based
refractory was investigated. Strong dependence of (effective) thermal conductivity of fired samples on the
binder concentration, temperature and porosity was noted. Comparison of experimental data with Effective
Medium Approximation (EMA) and Geometric Mean Model (GMM) theories showed that predictions from
EMA agreed better with the experimental data than those from GMM. This was attributed to the EMA model
being more rigorous and contained more microstructural information than the simpler GMM.

Ogacho AA, Aduda BO, Nyongesa FW. "Thermal conductivity of a kaolinite refractory: effect of a plant-derived organic binder." Journal of Materials Science. 2003;38:2293-2297. Abstract

The effect of corchorus olitorius derived binder on the effective thermal conductivity of a kaolinite-based refractory was investigated. Strong dependence of (effective) thermal conductivity of fired samples on the binder concentration, temperature and porosity was noted. Comparison of experimental data with Effective Medium Approximation (EMA) and Geometric Mean Model (GMM) theories showed that predictions from EMA agreed better with the experimental data than those from GMM. This was attributed to the EMA model being more rigorous and contained more microstructural information than the simpler GMM.

Nyongesa FW, Aduda BO, Ogacho AA. "Thermal Conductivity of a Kaolinite Refractory; Effects of an Orgarnic Binder." Journal of Material Science. 2003;38(11):2293-2297. AbstractWebsite

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Clematis brachiata Thunberg (Ranunculaceae) is used in Kenya for the management of headaches, malaria and other febrile illnesses, abdominal disorders, yaws and for skin disorders.  Old stems and leaves are chewed for the management of toothaches and sore throats. 
Extracts of the plant were subjected to tests for antimalarial, antibacterial and antifungal activity.  The toxicity of the extracts was assessed using the brine shrimp lethality bioassay.
 
The root extract gave the highest in vitro antimalarial activity against a mulitidrug resistant strain, Plasmodium falciparum VI/S (IC50=39.24 mg/ml). The stem and leaf extracts had insignificant antiplasmodial activity.  The leaf, stem and root extracts had bacterial or fungal growth even at very high concentrations of 10 mg/ml. The LD50 values of the stem and leaf methanol extracts against the brine shrimp larvae was 365.60 and 66.5 mg/ml respectively.
The in vitro anti malarial activity of the root extract in part supports the ethnobotanical use of the plant to manage malaria.
 KEY WORDS
Clematis, Ranunculaceae, antimalarial, brine shrimp, antimicrobial

Okoth MW. "Thermal Energy Conservation in Kenyan Tea Processing Plants.". 1991. Abstract

Energy conservation in food processing is not only important in industrialized countries. It can likewise be decisive for success or failure of a technology in developing countries. The present contribution discussed this subject using Kenyan tea processing plants as an example. Of this investigation, general conclusion may be drawn on the possibilities and limits of energy conservation in the food industry.

M PROFSHIUNDUPAUL, M PROFSHIUNDUPAUL, M PROFSHIUNDUPAUL. "Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation for Particle Analysis: Opportunities and Challenges.". In: Polym. Mater. Sci. Eng., 87, 342. AWC and FES; 2002. Abstract
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Wayua FO, Okoth MW, Wangoh J. "Thermal Performance of Four Types of Water Heating Flat Plate Solar Collectors for Providing Process Heat for Milk Pasteurisation.". 2012. Abstract

Thermal performance tests were carried out on four water heating flat plate solar collectors with the aim to select a suitable one to be used to provide process heat for milk pasteurisation. The collectors included three commercial solar collectors purchased from local shops in Nairobi, Kenya and one prototype collector designed and fabricated by the author. The three commercial solar collectors had effective areas of 1.67, 1.87 and 1.83 m2 while the self-made collector had an effective area of 1.60 m2. Thermal performance of the collectors was determined in terms of the Hottel-Whillier-Bliss equation, with FR(α)e and FRUL indicating how energy is absorbed and lost from the collector, respectively. The FR(α)e values were 0.76, 0.75, 0.73, and 0.82, respectively, for the commercial collectors and the self-made collector. The FRUL values were 8.33, 12.01, 9.80 and 13.77 W.m–2.C–1, respectively. The instantaneous efficiencies for the four solar collectors ranged from 12 to 87%. The solar collector with the lowest FRUL value had a special (black chrome) selective absorber surface and was also the most cost effective collector for delivering temperatures of about 80°C. This collector is the most suitable for medium temperature applications such as provision of hot water for milk pasteurisation.

Nyongesa FW, Aduda BO, Ogacho AA. "Thermal Shock Behaviour of a Kaolinite Refractory prepared using a Natural Organic Binder." Journal of Material Science., 41, 8276 - 8283.. 2006;41:8276-8283. AbstractWebsite

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Clematis brachiata Thunberg (Ranunculaceae) is used in Kenya for the management of headaches, malaria and other febrile illnesses, abdominal disorders, yaws and for skin disorders.  Old stems and leaves are chewed for the management of toothaches and sore throats. 
Extracts of the plant were subjected to tests for antimalarial, antibacterial and antifungal activity.  The toxicity of the extracts was assessed using the brine shrimp lethality bioassay.
 
The root extract gave the highest in vitro antimalarial activity against a mulitidrug resistant strain, Plasmodium falciparum VI/S (IC50=39.24 mg/ml). The stem and leaf extracts had insignificant antiplasmodial activity.  The leaf, stem and root extracts had bacterial or fungal growth even at very high concentrations of 10 mg/ml. The LD50 values of the stem and leaf methanol extracts against the brine shrimp larvae was 365.60 and 66.5 mg/ml respectively.
The in vitro anti malarial activity of the root extract in part supports the ethnobotanical use of the plant to manage malaria.
 KEY WORDS
Clematis, Ranunculaceae, antimalarial, brine shrimp, antimicrobial

A. A. Ogacho, and B. O. Aduda, Nyongesa FW. "Thermal Shock Behaviour of a Kaolinte Refractory prepared using a natural organic binder." Journal of Material Science. 2006;41:8276-8283.
Nyongesa FW, Aduda BO, Rahbar N, Obwoya SK, Zimba J, Yakub I, Soboyejo WO. "Thermal Shock Resistance of a Kyanite-Based (Aluminosilicate) Ceramic." Experimewntal Mechanics. 2010;DOI 10(April 2010). AbstractWebsite

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Clematis brachiata Thunberg (Ranunculaceae) is used in Kenya for the management of headaches, malaria and other febrile illnesses, abdominal disorders, yaws and for skin disorders.  Old stems and leaves are chewed for the management of toothaches and sore throats. 
Extracts of the plant were subjected to tests for antimalarial, antibacterial and antifungal activity.  The toxicity of the extracts was assessed using the brine shrimp lethality bioassay.
 
The root extract gave the highest in vitro antimalarial activity against a mulitidrug resistant strain, Plasmodium falciparum VI/S (IC50=39.24 mg/ml). The stem and leaf extracts had insignificant antiplasmodial activity.  The leaf, stem and root extracts had bacterial or fungal growth even at very high concentrations of 10 mg/ml. The LD50 values of the stem and leaf methanol extracts against the brine shrimp larvae was 365.60 and 66.5 mg/ml respectively.
The in vitro anti malarial activity of the root extract in part supports the ethnobotanical use of the plant to manage malaria.
 KEY WORDS
Clematis, Ranunculaceae, antimalarial, brine shrimp, antimicrobial

Nyongesa FW, Aduda BO. "Thermal Shock Resistance of a Kyanite-Based (Aluminosilicate) Ceramic.". In: Experimewntal Mechanics. Society of Experimental Mechanics; 2010. Abstract

This study investigated the effectiveness of three physical-chemical methods namely; pH adjustment, precipitation with alum and the use of polyelectrolytes. In the treatment of diary wastewater from Brookeside milk processing plant. It also investigated the drainability of the sludge produced by each of the three methods. Laboratory tests were carried out in three different batches, one for each of the three methods. In the alum method enough alum was added to the wastewater samples to cause precipitation by sweep floc. In the pH adjustment method, the pH of samples were lowered to the iso-electric point of the casein proteins of approximately pH 4.5 leading to their precipitation as a result of solubility changes. The polyelectrolytes method involved the use of two polyelectrolytes, Sudfloc 3820 and Sudfloc 3860 each of which was used to coagulate the dirty wastewater. For each of the three methods, the samples were taken in one-litre beakers and subjected to Jar tests to determine the optimum dosages. After one hour of settling the supernatants were decanted and subjected to standard Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) tests, turbidity and pH measurements. The settled sludge was subjected to drainability studies. Results showed the treatment of dairy wastewater by the three physical-chemical methods to be effective. There were COD removals of between 60% and 90% and turbidity reduction of over 90%. The use of the sudfloc polyelectrolytes was found to be the least demanding in terms of effluent quality control as no pH adjustments of either the wastewater or the effluent was required. The use of polyelectolytes produced the least volumes of sludge and also the better drainability and solids concentration. Sudfloc 3820 was found to achieve better results than Sudfloc 3860 in terms of COD reduction and the drainability of sludge produced although both achieved the same drainability studies. This study showed that each of the three physical-chemical methods can be used effectively to remove the white colour of dairy wastewater as well as the bulk of the proteins and fats, hence, enabling the discharge of the effluents into natural waters to be of good assimilative capacity.

Rahbar N, Aduda BO, Zimba J, Obwoya SK, Nyongesa FW, Yakub I, Soboyejo WO. "Thermal Shock Resistance of a Kyanite-Based (Aluminosilicate) Ceramic." Experimental Mechanics. 2010. Abstract

Abstract This paper presents the results of a combined experimental and theoretical study of microstructure and thermal shock resistance of an aluminosilicate ceramic. Shock-induced crack growth is studied in sintered structures produced from powders with different particle size ranges. The underlying crack/microstructure interactions and toughening mechanisms are elucidated via scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The resulting crack-tip shielding levels (due to viscoelastic crack bridging) are estimated using fracture mechanics concepts. The implications of the work are discussed for the design of high refractory ceramics against thermal shock.

Keywords Viscoelastic crack bridging . Crack-tip shielding . Thermal shock . Refractory ceramics

M PROFSHIUNDUPAUL, M PROFSHIUNDUPAUL. "Thermal Stability Studies on Vernonia Galamensis Seed Oil.". In: Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 14(2), 161-167. AWC and FES; 2000. Abstract
n/a
K DRKARUUSIMONP. "Thermodynamics , Text book for Distant Learners.". In: Proceedings of the Australian Soc. of Reproductive Biology, Melbourne, 27 31 August, 1984. Page 60. Central artificial Insemination Station Magazine; 2004. Abstract
This report concerns an outbreak that occurred during July/August 1997. Ten pigs from a herd of 181 pigs in a medium-scale, semi-closed piggery in Kiambu District, Kenya, contracted the clinical disease. The main clinical findings in affected pigs included: fever (40.5-41.8 degrees C), prostration, inappetence, dog-sitting posture, abortion, erythema and raised, firm to the touch and easily palpated light pink to dark purple diamond-shaped to square/rectangular spots on the skin around the belly and the back. Based on the pathognomonic skin lesions, a clinical diagnosis of swine erysipelas was made. The diagnosis was confirmed by the isolation of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae organisms from the blood and skin biopsies taken from the affected pigs. Response to treatment with a combination of procaine penicillin and dihydrostreptomycin at the dosage rate of 20,000 IU/kg body weight (based on procaine penicillin) for 3 days was good and all the affected pigs recovered fully. The farm was placed under quarantine to prevent spread of the disease
M PROFSHIUNDUPAUL, M PROFSHIUNDUPAUL. "Thermophoresis of Metal Particles in a Liquid.", J.". In: Colloid and Interface Science, 176, 454-458,. AWC and FES; 1995. Abstract
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Maloiy GMO, Kamau JMZ, Shkolnik A, Meir M, Arieli R. "Thermoregulation and metabolism in a small desert carnivore: the Fennec fox (Fennecus zerda) (Mammalia)†.". 2009. Abstract

In controlled laboratory experiments the effects of ambient temperatures on thermoregulation, metabolism, heat balance, heart rate, and total evaporative water loss were studied in the Fennce fox (Fenneus Zerda) from the Sinai desert.

Zhu K, Hou D, Fei Y, Peng B, Wang Z, Xu W, Zhu B, Li L-L, Wang H. "Thermosensitive Hydrogel Interface Switching from Hydrophilic Lubrication to Infection Defense." ACS Applied Bio Materials. 2019;2:3582-3590. Abstract
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KIAMBI PROFKANGETHEE. "THERMOSTABLE MUSCLE ANTIGENS SUITABLE FOR USE IN ENZYME IMMUNOASSAYS FOR IDENTIFICATION OF MEAT FROM VARIOUS SPECIES.". In: journal. Kisipan, M.L.; 1987. Abstract
A method for the extraction of thermostable muscle antigens for use in enzyme immunoassays is described. The method yields antigens devoid of contaminating proteins which reduce the adsorption of the antigens on to the plate. The effect of such proteins is stimulated by the addition of gelatin. Gelatin (5 mg ml-1) results in 100% inhibition of the antigen adsorption on to the plate.   Keywords: thermostable muscle antigens, enzyme immunoassay, meat species identification
SHEM MRON&#39;GONDO. "Thesis LLM (1998) University of Nairobi: The International Seabedd Authority. A Regine Beyond the Reach of Developing States.". In: International Journal of BiochemiPhysics Vol. 6 & 7, (Nos. 1 & 2) : 45 . Jane A. Otadoh,, Sheila A. Okoth, James Ochanda, James P. Khaindi; 1998. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Hepatocellular carcinoma results when cancerous cells are localized in the liver. It is distributed globally with high prevalence in sub-Saharan African, southern Asia, China and Japan. Diagnosis is experimental and in many cases inaccurate due to unreliability of markers. Prognosis is poor and the cost of treatment prohibitive. Conventional radiation and chemotherapy lead to loss of hair, fertility and general weakening of the body`s immune system increasing a patient`s risk to infection. These observations underscore the need for improved, or additional methods of cancer diagnosis and management. We investigated the effect of polysaccharide rich Pleurotus pulmonarius fruit body extracts on progression of chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma in CBA mice. Addition of Pleurotus pulmonarius extracts in diet delayed progression of carcinogenesis suggesting   that these extracts may be useful as   adjuvants to conventional cancer therapies.   Key words: carcinogenesis; mice; mushroom extracts; pleurotus pulmunarius   Corresponding author: Ms Carolyne Wasonga, Department of Biochemistry, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi,  Kenya. E-mail: carox27@yahoo.ca     Charles O.A. Omwandho, Susanne E. Gruessner, John Falconer, Hans-R Tinneberg, Timothy K. Roberts. IS OVINE PLACENTAL IGG TOXIC TO HUMAN PERIPHERAL BLOOD NATURAL KILLER CELLS?
W DRMUTHOMIJAMES. "Theuri, S. W. M., G. N. Chemining.". In: 10th KARI Biennial Scientific Conference, 13-17 November 2006, Nairobi, Kenya. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute; 2006. Abstract
Fusarium culmorum is an important pathogen of wheat causing seedling blight, foot rot, and head blight (FHB) or scab. The pathogen is dominant in cooler areas like north, central and western Europe. The fungus reproduces asexually by means of conidia, which form the main mode of dispersal. Head blight is by far the most serious concern of Fusarium infection on pre-harvest wheat and other small grain cereals. The significance of F. culmorum in wheat production is attributed to both head blight and mycotoxin contamination of the grain harvested from infected ears. Ear infection mainly occurs during anthesis and is favoured by wet weather or high humidity and warm temperatures. The major mycotoxins produced by F. culmorum are deoxynivalenol, nivalenol and zearalenone, which are a potential health hazard for both humans and animals. The mycotoxins, especially deoxynivalenol, are believed to play a role in disease development. Available options of managing Fusarium head blight include use of fungicides, cultural practices, resistant varieties and biological agents. However, no wheat variety is completely resistant to Fusarium head blight while fungicides are at most 70% effective against natural infection. This review seeks to document and infer information on F. culmorum, with special emphasis on wheat head blight infection process, mechanisms of mycotoxin production, the role the mycotoxins play in pathogenesis, and the possible management options.
M. PROFKABIRAWANJIKU. "They have Destroyed the Temple .". In: East African Medical Journal 68(9): 714-9. AIDS 24(6):891-7; 1996. Abstract
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, UK. Previous attempts to determine the interactions between filariasis transmission intensity, infection and chronic disease have been limited by a lack of a theoretical framework that allows the explicit examination of mechanisms that may link these variables at the community level. Here, we show how deterministic mathematical models, in conjunction with analyses of standardized field data from communities with varying parasite transmission intensities, can provide a particularly powerful framework for investigating this topic. These models were based on adult worm population dynamics, worm initiated chronic disease and two major forms of acquired immunity (larval- versus adult-worm generated) explicitly linked to community transmission intensity as measured by the Annual Transmission Potential (ATP). They were then fitted to data from low, moderate and moderately high transmission communities from East Africa to determine the mechanistic relationships between transmission, infection and observed filarial morbidity. The results indicate a profound effect of transmission intensity on patent infection and chronic disease, and on the generation and impact of immunity on these variables. For infection, the analysis indicates that in areas of higher parasite transmission, community-specific microfilarial rates may increase proportionately with transmission intensity until moderated by the generation of herd immunity. This supports recent suggestions that acquired immunity in filariasis is transmission driven and may be significant only in areas of high transmission. In East Africa, this transmission threshold is likely to be higher than an ATP of at least 100. A new finding from the analysis of the disease data is that per capita worm pathogenicity could increase with transmission intensity such that the prevalences of both hydrocele and lymphoedema, even without immunopathological involvement, may increase disproportionately with transmission intensity. For lymphoedema, this rise may be further accelerated with the onset of immunopathology. An intriguing finding is that there may be at least two types of immunity operating in filariasis: one implicated in anti-infection immunity and generated by past experience of adult worms, the other involved in immune-mediated pathology and based on cumulative experience of infective larvae. If confirmed, these findings have important implications for the new global initiative to achieve control of this disease.
M. PROFMUNAVURAPHAEL. "Thiazolines in Organic Synthesis.Formation of gamma-Hydroxy Aldehydes with Protected Hydroxy Groups.". In: Kenya. Journal of School of Continuous and Distance Education ; 1975. Abstract
", Tetrahedron Lett., 4543-4546 ()
Eliud Sagwa Mulanda, Adero M, Wepukhulu D, Amugune N, Akunda E, Kinyamario J. "Thidiazuron-induced somatic embryogenesis and shoot regeneration in cotyledon explants of Melia volkensii Gürke." Propagation of Ornamental Plants. 2014;14(1):40-46.
Kinyamario JI, Akunda E, Amugune NO, Wepukhulu DK, Adero MO, Mulanda ES. "Thidiazuron-induced somatic embryogenesis and shoot regeneration in cotyledon explants Of melia volkensii gürke.". 2014.
Olale P. Thika Technical Training Institute Master Plan. Institute TTT, ed. Nairobi: Thika Technical Training Institute; 2021.
NGUGI MRTHIMBADAVID. "Thimba D.N and F.M. Itulya, 1982 Rooting of purple passion fruit(Passiflora Edulis Forma edulis Sims)stem cuttings. 11-Influence of Indolebutyric acid (IBA) E.Afr.Agri.For.J.48(1) 5-9.". In: Proceedings of workshop on . RIVERBRROKS COMMUNICATIONS; 1982. Abstract
PMID: 614126 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
l Ng'ang'a' K. "Thin layer drying characteristics of grain sorghum.". 2003. AbstractWebsite

Drying characteristics of both naturally moist and.rew.etted grain sorghum were studied. Three varieties of Kenyan grain sorghum were used. The drying air temperature and its flow rate were varied. Relative humidity of the air and the initial moisture content of the sorghum grains were determined. Moisture content of the grains was determined at various times during the thin-layer drying process. Thin layer drying equations based on Pabis and Henderson equation and Page model were developed. Drying air temperature was the major factor affecting drying rates of sorghum grains. The difference in sorghum varieties also influenced the drying rates. The relationship between parameter k in Pabis and Henderson equation (MR=exp (-kt)) and drying air temperature iuas found to be of Arrhenius type. Parameter K in Page equation (MR=exp (-KfI)), for naturally moist grains, was expressed as an exponential function of temperature terms. But for rewetted grains, it was an exponentiaI function of temperature terms, air flow rate, relative humidity and initial moisture content. Parameter N in Page equation was expressed as and exponential function of temperature temis. Page equation fitted drying data better than Pabis and Henderson equation.

Nyabuga G. "Things Fall Apart: Hip Hop and Moral Panics in Kenya." New York: Routledge; 2012.
MWAGIRU PROFMAKUMI. "Thinking Outside the Box: The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and Issues of Governance and Reconciliation.". In: East African Journal of Human Rights and Democracy Vol. 3. University of Nairobi; 2006. Abstract
This article examines some contemporary problems of the international humanitarian regime. It contextualises the ICTR and examines some of its jurisprudence, and discusses its contributions to governance and reconciliation in the region. It concludes that interpreting IHL, requires that issues to do with values and the world view they represent be engaged.
N. DRWACHEGEPATRICK. "Third Millenium African Single Mother and Mother Windows, Nairobi. Media Options, 2003.". In: Published by the Polytechnic of Berlin, Berlin. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 2003.
N. DRWACHEGEPATRICK. "Third Millenium African Single Mothers and Mother Widows: Ethno-Religio-Philosophical Touch, Nairobi: Media Options, 2003 (387 pp).". In: Published by the Media Options. Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 2003.book_abstract.pdf
ODUOR PROFOGENDOSTEPHEN. "Thirty day mortality and related variables in open heart patients at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi.". In: East Afr Med J. 2001 Oct;78(10):526-30. The East and Central African Journal of Surgery.; 2001. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the thirty-day mortality of open-heart patients at the Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi from June 1973 to October 2000 and; to look at likely variables related to mortality. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of data from the unit database. Data on this database were collected prospectively from September 1997 to the time of study. Data in respect of the period prior to this were collected retrospectively from patient files, ward and theatre records. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), Nairobi. PATIENTS: A total of 563 open-heart patients operated at the KNH were included in the study. RESULTS: The thirty-day mortality rate calculated at 17.4% for the study period compared to a hospital mortality rate of 16.9%. Surgical repair for complex congenital pathology, surgery on patients with a left atrial (LA) dimension or a left ventricular end systolic dimension (LVESD) greater than 5 cm or/and a cross clamp time greater than 60 minutes all had a significantly greater risk of mortality on bivariate analysis. This is compared to surgery for simple hole in the heart, LA and LVESD dimensions less than 5 cm and cross clamp times less than 60 minutes (p < 0.05). The increased risk of mortality with these variables was 3.33, 3.95, 3.18 and 1.8 times greater than their counterparts, respectively. For patients having surgery for an acquired pathology, only a cross clamp time greater than 60 minutes and a left atrial size greater than 5 cm were independent risk factors for thirty day mortality using logistic regression analysis. For patients having surgery for correction of a congenital defect, only a cross clamp time of more than 60 minutes was an independent predictor of mortality (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The higher mortality rate is amongst others, probably related to the late presentation of our patients for surgery when their myocardial function is below the optimum for surgery. There is a need to bring down the mortality through more stringent patient selection, preoperative preparation and reduction of surgical ischaemic times, however without depriving the patients in need of surgery.
Kitabchi AE, Umpierrez GE, Fisher JN, Murphy MB, Stentz FB. "Thirty years of personal experience in hyperglycemic crises: diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state." The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2008;93:1541-1552. Abstract

CONTEXT: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) cause major morbidity and significant mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus. For more than 30 yr, our group, in a series of prospective, randomized clinical studies, has investigated the pathogenesis and evolving strategies of the treatment of hyperglycemic crises. This paper summarizes the results of these prospective studies on the management and pathophysiology of DKA. SETTING: Our earliest studies evaluated the comparative efficacy of low-dose vs. pharmacological amounts of insulin and the use of low-dose therapy by various routes in adults and later in children. Subsequent studies evaluated phosphate and bicarbonate therapy, lipid metabolism, ketosis-prone type 2 patients, and use of rapid-acting insulin analogs as well as leptin status, cardiac risk factors, proinflammatory cytokines, and the mechanism of activation of T lymphocytes in hyperglycemic crises. MAIN OUTCOME: The information garnered from these studies resulted in the creation of the 2001 American Diabetes Association (ADA) technical review on DKA and HHS as well as the ADA Position and Consensus Paper on the therapy for hyperglycemic crises. CONCLUSIONS: Areas of future research include prospective randomized studies to do the following: 1) establish the efficacy of bicarbonate therapy in DKA for a pH less than 6.9; 2) establish the need for a bolus insulin dose in the initial therapy of DKA; 3) determine the pathophysiological mechanisms for the absence of ketosis in HHS; 4) investigate the reasons for elevated proinflammatory cytokines and cardiovascular risk factors; and 5) evaluate the efficacy and cost benefit of using sc regular insulin vs. more expensive insulin analogs on the general ward for the treatment of DKA.

C. A. Mumma-Martinon. "This Is The Time: Make Peace Happen." Peace Builders, International Peace Support Training . 2010;(01 July – 31 September, 7. ).18._make_peace_happen.pdf
"Thoithi G.N., Abuga K.O., Nguyo J.M., King’ondu O.K., Mukindia G.G., Mugo H.N., Ngugi J.K. and Kibwage I.O. Drug Quality Control in Kenya: Observation in the Drug Analysis and Research Unit During the period 2001-2005." East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci.. 2008;11(3):74-81. Abstract

During the five-year period January 2001 to December 2005, the Drug Analysis and
Research Unit received and analyzed 394 drug samples. Samples were received from
regulatory authorities, local industry, non-governmental organizations, hospitals
and private practitioners. The samples analyzed constituted 37.8 % locally
manufactured and 62.2 % imported products. In contrast to previous years when
failure rates of over 20 % were recorded, the overall rate of failure to comply with
compendial quality specifications was 6.1 %, comprising of 8.7 % locally
manufactured and 4.5 % imported drugs.

NJENGA PROFMBUGUAPAUL. "Thomas, C. and P. N. Mbugua (1981): Effect of supplements on the live weight gain of beef cattle given forage during the dry season.". In: In proceedings: International grasslands congress. Kentucky, USA. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1981.
KIPNGETICH PROFBIAMAHELIJAH. "Thomas, D.B,; E.K.Biamah; A.M.Kilewe; L.Lundgren and B.O.Mochoge, Eds.(1986). Soil and Water Conservation in Kenya. Proceedings of the Third National Workshop, Kabete, Nairobi, Kenya. September, 1986.". In: Bloemfontein, South Africa. Kisipan, M.L.; 1986. Abstract
This paper reviews some research studies on tillage methods influencing soil and moisture conservation in the eastern African countries of Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Ethiopia during the past four decades. Most of these studies were conducted in marginal rainfall (semi arid ) areas and on shallow soils of various textures (sandy clay loam, sandy clay, clay and loam). The studies were meant to establish the effects of tillage and residue management practices on physico-chemical soil properties (i.e. structure, bulk density, soil moisture and organic matter contents), runoff and infiltration. This review emphasizes the importance of appropriate tillage and residue management methods (contour bunds and terraces, minimum tillage, tied ridging, mulching and conventional tillage) in providing soil conditions favourable for soil moisture conservation and subsequent crop performance and yield on smallholder farms.
KIPNGETICH PROFBIAMAHELIJAH. "Thomas, D.B.;and E.K. Biamah (1991). Origin, Application and Design of the Fanya Juu Terrace. In: Development of Conservation Farming on Hillslopes. W.C. Moldenhauer, N. W. Hudson, T. C. Sheng and San Wei Lee (Eds). Soil and Water Conservation Society, An.". In: Bloemfontein, South Africa. Kisipan, M.L.; 1991. Abstract
This paper reviews some research studies on tillage methods influencing soil and moisture conservation in the eastern African countries of Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Ethiopia during the past four decades. Most of these studies were conducted in marginal rainfall (semi arid ) areas and on shallow soils of various textures (sandy clay loam, sandy clay, clay and loam). The studies were meant to establish the effects of tillage and residue management practices on physico-chemical soil properties (i.e. structure, bulk density, soil moisture and organic matter contents), runoff and infiltration. This review emphasizes the importance of appropriate tillage and residue management methods (contour bunds and terraces, minimum tillage, tied ridging, mulching and conventional tillage) in providing soil conditions favourable for soil moisture conservation and subsequent crop performance and yield on smallholder farms.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Thoracospinal Tuberculosis With Paraplegia .". In: The African Journal of Hospital Medicine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 2002. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
O PROFMOSIREUBEN. "Thorpe, W., P. Kang.". In: J. Dairy Sci. 76:2001. Elsevier; 2001. Abstract
PIP: The efficacy and complication rate of menstrual regulation with the hand-held Karman cannula was tested on 223 women with amenorrhea up to 56 days in the Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nairobi, Kenya from October 1982-January 1983. 195 women had positive pregnancy tests, while menstrual regulation was done on the others because of concern over late menses. the procedures were done without anesthesia with a 50 ml vacuum syringe fitted with a self-locking plunger, a rubber adaptor and stop cock, 5-8 mm flexible plastic Karman cannula and a toothless volsellum, using hibitane solution and savlon antiseptic. The average procedure time was 7 minutes. Bleeding lasted over 1 week in 4%, total blood loss was over 50 ml in 3.1%, and immediate side effects were syncope in 1.3%, nausea and vomiting in 1.8% and pain in 5.4%. There were 2 (0.8%) cases of endometritis. In Kenya where 60% of all gynecological hospital admissions are for septic abortions, it is essential to provide safe termination as a backup for family planning method failures.
WANAMBISI PROFMWESELIMONICA. "THOUGHT AND TECHNIQUE IN THE POETRY OF OKOT P'BITEK. 1994, New York: Vintage Press, Inc. For reviews see Peter Nazareth in World Literature Today; A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma (U.S.A); Books Abroad, Summer 1984 Issue; Sammy Kwichini .". In: Published by University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor: MI 481061346 U.S.A. March 15, 1989. Publication No. 88-16, 106.; 1985. Abstract

This dissertation is a study of twentieth-century American novels which can be used in a course by Kenyan and other East African students and teachers. The selected novels can be studied as models for exemplification of the most significant developments and trends in longer American narrative fiction in the period covered by the study. Because of time limits and for purposes of presenting quality fictional works to be covered in one semester, eight novels were analyzed in this study. These are: Sister Carrie (1900) by Theodore Dreiser, The Great Gatsby (1925) by F.Scott Fitzgerald, The Sun Also Rises (1926) by Ernest Hemingway, Intruder in the Dust (1948)by J.D Salinger, Invisible Man(1952) by Ralph Ellison, Go Tell it On The Mountain(1953) by James Baldwin and Brown Girl, Brownstones(1959)by Paule Marshall. Each of the selected novels represents a component of significance in American literature during the era designated .Sister Carrie

Harper DM, Muchane M, Kimani DK, Mwinami T. "Thousands of lesser flamingos at Lake Naivasha." Scopus. 2006;26:8-10. Abstract
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Odingo RS. "The threat of climate change to sustainable development of the GHA sub-region.". Paper prepared for Workshop during GHACOF 33 Bujumbura, Burundi; 2013. Abstract
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Okaru AO, Rehm J, Sommerfeld K, Kuballa T, Walch SG, Lachenmeier DW. "The threat to quality of alcoholic beverages by unrecorded consumption.". In: Alcoholic beverages. Woodhead Publishing; 2019:. Abstract
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Kemoli AM. "The threat to the survival of the permanent first molar in children from developing nations." EC Dental Science. 2017;(2017): 120-124((2017): 120-124):(2017): 120-124.
D. DRONGORE. "Three Chapters in: Guidelines to Rational Drug Use. Fr.von Wassow, J.K.Ndele and R.Korte MacMillan Publications 1997.". In: MacMillan Publications 1997. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1997. Abstract
BACKGROUND: Reports of osteopaenia/rickets of prematurity are on the increase due to improved survival rates of low birthweight infants. OBJECTIVE: To establish the incidence of rickets of prematurity by the age of six months in premature infants born at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Newborn unit and paediatric outpatient follow up clinic of Kenyatta National Hospital. SUBJECTS: Successive surviving infants of birthweight less than 2000 g residents in Nairobi. RESULTS: Incidence of rickets of prematurity by six months of age was 58.8%. Rickets appeared more commonly in male infants compared to female infants. CONCLUSION: Rickets of prematurity is a common problem in the premature infants seen at Kenyatta National Hospital. Routine vitamin D supplements to premature infants in adequate doses of at least 400iu per day should be adopted in our centre.
Ndinya-Achola JO, Nsanze H;, Karasira P, Fransen L, Fransen L, Piot P, Ronald AR. "Three day oral course of Augmentin to treat chancroid.". 1986. Abstract

Amoxycillin and clavulanic acid (Augmentin; Beecham Research Laboratories) was used to treat patients with bacteriologically proved chancroid in three different dose regimens. A single dose of Augmentin (amoxycillin 3 g, clavulanic acid 350 mg) was found to be ineffective. A similar dose repeated after 24 hours was equally ineffective, but a dose (amoxycillin 500 mg, clavulanic acid 250 mg) given every 8 hours for three days was found to be effective. The drug was well tolerated and no side effects were noted in any of the patients treated

O. PROFADUOLFRANCISW. "A three dimensional adjustment model for small scale survey networks.". In: South African Journal of Surveying and Mapping, Vol. 23, Part 1,. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 1995. Abstract
A model for the establishment of a four-dimensional regional geodetic reference datum is presented. Starting from the three-dimensional integrated geodetic network model, formulations for the establishment of a four-dimensional regional datum are developed. Astronomic latitudes, astronomic longitudes, gravity values, gravity potential differences, gravity differences, and GPS-vectors are considered as observables. The estimated parameters defining the datura are point coordinates, deflections of the vertical and geoidai undulations, and velocities and accelerations on the positional coordinates. The network datum is considered observed over several epochs with parameters estimated from previous epochs being introduced into later epochs as stochastic prior information parameters.
O. PROFADUOLFRANCISW, MULEI DRMUSYOKASAMMY. "A three dimensional geodetic network model for the analysis of localised earth deformation.". In: Survey Review, Vol. 34, No 263, London. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 1997. Abstract
A model for the establishment of an integrated geodetic datum covering a region is treated. The integrated geodetic datum is understood here to comprise the geoid, the reference ellipsoid, and the positional coordinates. A comprehensive unified solution model including the three parameters comprising the datum is considered. The estimation model adopted rigorously incorporates determined prior information in the estimation of the datum parameters. Mathematical models together with the pertinent observation equations are presented, followed by a description of the procedure for the aetual setting up of the datum. The observational scheme is based on a system of modular traverses anchored on a trilateration of GPS baselines.
Yenesew A. "Three dimeric anthracene derivatives from Bulbine abyssinica." Tetrahedron . 2005;61:2667-2674. Abstractpaper_37_wanjohi_et_al_tetra_2005_61_2667.pdf

From the fruits of Bulbine abyssinica three new dimeric anthracene derivatives, (P)-8,9,10,80-tetrahydroxy-3,30-dimethyl[10,70-bianthracene]-1,4,90,100-tetraone (trivial name abyquinone A), (10R)-1,4,8,10,80-pentahydroxy-3,30-dimethyl-[10,70-bianthracene]-9,90,100(10H)-trione (trivial name abyquinone B), and (10R)-30,40-dihydro-1,4,8,30,80,90-hexahydroxy-3,30-dimethyl-[10,70-bianthracene]-9,10(10H,20H)-dione (trivial name abyquinone C) were isolated. Despite their structural differences, these three compounds are connected to each other by the apparently biomimetic conversion of abyquinone
C (a preanthraquinonylanthrone with two stereogenic centers) into
B (an anthraquinonylanthrone with one stereogenic center) and finally into A (an axially chiral bianthraquinone) under mild conditions, involving a highly efficient center-to-axis chirality transfer. In addition, the known anthraquinones islandicin and chrysophanol were identified. The structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopical evidences, chemical transformations, and quantum chemical CD calculations.

Yenesew A. "Three ent-trachylobane diterpenes in the leaf exudates of Psiadia punctulata." Phytochemistry. 2006;67,:1322-1325. Abstractpaper_41_juma_et_al_phyto_2006_67_1322.pdf

Three ent-trachylobane diterpenes have been isolated from the leaf exudates of Psiadia punctulata and characterised as 6a,17,19-enttrachylobantriol; 2a,18,19-ent-trachylobantriol; and 2b,6a,18,19-ent-trachylobantetraol. The structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic evidence.

ABIY PROFYENESEW, O PROFMIDIWOJACOB, O PROFMIDIWOJACOB. "Three isoflav-3-enes and a 2-arylbenzofuran from the root bark of Erythrina burttii.". In: Phytochemistry, 59, 337-341.; 2002. Abstract
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