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Kamau NP, M. DMM. "Influence of Managerial Skills on Growth of Projects in Kenya: A Case of Uwezo Funded Youth Projects in Thika Town." International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications,. 2018;8(9):575-585.kamau_publication.pdf
Kamau JM, Mbui DN, Mwaniki JM, Mwaura FB, Kamau GN. "Microbial fuel cells: influence of external resistors on power, current and power density." J Thermodyn Catal. 2017;8(1):100-182. AbstractJ Thermodyn Catal

Description
Copyright:© 2017 Kamau JM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Kamau K, IRIBEMWANGI PI. "Uchapishaji wa Bunilizi za Kiswahili: Ukweli-kinzani na Umuhimu wa Mwelekeo Mpya.". In: Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili: Dhima na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbalimbali. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2014.
KAMAU MRMUBUUPETERSON. "Inheritance laws and practices vis-.". In: Ranch on the Lake Hotel, Kampala, Uganda. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 1996. Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence and pattern of eye diseases and visual impairment in the Nairobi Comprehensive Eye Care Services (NCES) Project; the catchment area of the Mbagathi District Eye Unit of Nairobi. Design: Community based survey conducted from October 15th to 31st 2007 Setting: Kibera and Dagoreti divisions of Nairobi City Subjects: 4200 people of all ages were randomly selected; 4056 were examined (96.6% response rate). 122 (2.9%) were not available and 15 (0.4%) declined to be examined. Results: Females: 54.2%, Males: 45.8%. Mean age; 22.4 years, SD; 16.5. Only 241(5.9%) aged >50years old. The leading eye disorders in Kibera and Dagoretti divisions are conjunctival disorders including allergic conjunctivitis and conjunctival growths. This was found to affect 7.6% of the subjects. This was followed by refractive errors found in 5.3% of the subjects. Cataract was found in 30 subjects (0.7%). Disorders of the retina and the optic nerve were found in 1.1% of the subjects and corneal disorders in 0.5%. The prevalence of visual impairment was 0.6%, severe visual impairment was 0.05% and blindness was 0.1%. This indicates that most of the ocular disorders encountered were not visually threatening. The main cause of visual impairment is refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness are cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma. Conclusion: The population of the NCES is relatively young and the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment is low. The main cause of visual impairment was refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness were cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma. Recommendations: The level of blindness in NCES is low and the project should focus more on rendering eye care and not treatment of blindness. There is need to address the issue of refractive errors as this was one of the main ocular problems encountered. In this survey, it was not possible to perform detailed refraction and hence it was recommend that a refractive error survey be conducted; especially in school going children.
KAMAU DRGACHIGI. ""Temperature Dependence of Phase Stability in La3+, Ca2+ and Ti4+ Modified PbZrO3 Ceramics", Proceedings of the 9th International Meeting on Ferroelectrics (IMF-9), Seoul, S. Korea, Aug. 24-29th, 1997.". In: East Africa regional conference, The Nile Hotel Kampala, Uganda. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 1997. Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence and pattern of eye diseases and visual impairment in the Nairobi Comprehensive Eye Care Services (NCES) Project; the catchment area of the Mbagathi District Eye Unit of Nairobi. Design: Community based survey conducted from October 15th to 31st 2007 Setting: Kibera and Dagoreti divisions of Nairobi City Subjects: 4200 people of all ages were randomly selected; 4056 were examined (96.6% response rate). 122 (2.9%) were not available and 15 (0.4%) declined to be examined. Results: Females: 54.2%, Males: 45.8%. Mean age; 22.4 years, SD; 16.5. Only 241(5.9%) aged >50years old. The leading eye disorders in Kibera and Dagoretti divisions are conjunctival disorders including allergic conjunctivitis and conjunctival growths. This was found to affect 7.6% of the subjects. This was followed by refractive errors found in 5.3% of the subjects. Cataract was found in 30 subjects (0.7%). Disorders of the retina and the optic nerve were found in 1.1% of the subjects and corneal disorders in 0.5%. The prevalence of visual impairment was 0.6%, severe visual impairment was 0.05% and blindness was 0.1%. This indicates that most of the ocular disorders encountered were not visually threatening. The main cause of visual impairment is refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness are cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma. Conclusion: The population of the NCES is relatively young and the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment is low. The main cause of visual impairment was refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness were cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma. Recommendations: The level of blindness in NCES is low and the project should focus more on rendering eye care and not treatment of blindness. There is need to address the issue of refractive errors as this was one of the main ocular problems encountered. In this survey, it was not possible to perform detailed refraction and hence it was recommend that a refractive error survey be conducted; especially in school going children.
Kamau F, Strijdom H, Mwangi P, Blackhurst D, Imperial E, Salie R. "Antiretroviral drug-induced endothelial dysfunction is improved by dual PPARα/γ stimulation in obesity.". 2019;121:106577. AbstractWebsite

Obesity rates are rising in HIV-infected populations; however, the putative role of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the development of endothelial and cardiovascular derangements in the presence of pre-existing overweight/obesity is unclear. Although dual peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors-alpha/gamma (PPARα/γ) stimulation mitigates HAART-induced metabolic dysfunction, vascular effects are unresolved. To investigate whether HAART induces vascular dysfunction in obesity and to explore the underlying mechanisms of PPARα/γ stimulation, male Wistar rats were placed on a high-calorie diet for 16 weeks. After 10 weeks, HAART (lopinavir/ritonavir, azidothymidine/lamivudine) with/without PPARα/γ agonist, Saroglitazar, was administered daily for six weeks. Excised thoracic aorta rings were subjected to isometric tension studies and Western blot measurements. HAART+Saroglitazar-treated obese animals recorded lower adiposity indices (4.3 ± 0.5%) vs. HAART only-treated obese rats (5.6 ± 0.3%; p < .01). Maximum acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation (Rmax), was lower in obese+HAART group (76.10 ± 3.58%) vs. obese control (101.40 ± 4.75%; p < .01). However, Rmax was improved in obese+ HAART+Saroglitazar (101.00 ± 3.12%) vs. obese+HAART rats (p < .001). The mean LogEC50 was improved in obese+HAART+Saroglitazar vs. obese+HAART group; p = .003. Improved endothelial function in obese+ HAART+Saroglitazar group was associated with upregulation of eNOS, PKB/Akt and downregulated p22-phox expression vs. obese+HAART group. Therefore, PPARα/γ stimulation attenuated HAART-induced endothelial dysfunction by upregulating vasoprotective eNOS, PKB/Akt signaling and downregulating pro-oxidative p22-phox expression.

Kamau E, Kayima J, Otieno C, Maritim MC, Wanzala P. "Health related quality of life of patients on maintenance haemodialysis at Kenyatta National Hospital." East African Medical Journal. 2012;89(3):39-45. Abstract

Background: Health related quality of life is increasingly being recognized as a primary outcome measure in treatment of end stage renal disease. The health related quality of life of patients on maintenance haemodialysis is reduced. Several interventions directed at modifiable risk factors have been shown to improve quality of life of patients on haemodialysis.
Objective: To assess the health related quality of life of patients on maintanance haemodialysis at Kenyatta National Hospital.
Design: Cross sectional descriptive study
Setting: Kenyatta National Hospital, Renal Unit.
Subjects: The study was conducted on 96 patients with end stage renal disease on maintenance haemodialysis. Socio-Demographic and clinical factors were recorded for all patients. Health-related quality of life was assessed using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36 questionnaire. Two summary scores and three sub-scale scores were calculated.
Results: The mean physical composite summary and mental composite summary scores were 39.09+/- 9.49 and 41.87+/- 10.56 respectively. The burden of kidney disease sub-scale, symptom and problems sub-scale and effect of kidney disease on daily life sub-scale score were 16.15+/- 21.83, 73.46+/-18.061 and 67.63+/-23.45 respectively.
Conclusion: Health related quality of life of patients on maintenance hemodialysis is reduced. The physical quality of life is more affected than the mental quality of life. The burden of kidney disease sub-scale is the most affected sub-scale score.

KAMAU MRMUBUUPETERSON. "Gender Dimensions of Politics, law and violence. A research report(WLEA).". In: Nairobi, Exscape printers. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 2001. Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence and pattern of eye diseases and visual impairment in the Nairobi Comprehensive Eye Care Services (NCES) Project; the catchment area of the Mbagathi District Eye Unit of Nairobi. Design: Community based survey conducted from October 15th to 31st 2007 Setting: Kibera and Dagoreti divisions of Nairobi City Subjects: 4200 people of all ages were randomly selected; 4056 were examined (96.6% response rate). 122 (2.9%) were not available and 15 (0.4%) declined to be examined. Results: Females: 54.2%, Males: 45.8%. Mean age; 22.4 years, SD; 16.5. Only 241(5.9%) aged >50years old. The leading eye disorders in Kibera and Dagoretti divisions are conjunctival disorders including allergic conjunctivitis and conjunctival growths. This was found to affect 7.6% of the subjects. This was followed by refractive errors found in 5.3% of the subjects. Cataract was found in 30 subjects (0.7%). Disorders of the retina and the optic nerve were found in 1.1% of the subjects and corneal disorders in 0.5%. The prevalence of visual impairment was 0.6%, severe visual impairment was 0.05% and blindness was 0.1%. This indicates that most of the ocular disorders encountered were not visually threatening. The main cause of visual impairment is refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness are cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma. Conclusion: The population of the NCES is relatively young and the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment is low. The main cause of visual impairment was refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness were cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma. Recommendations: The level of blindness in NCES is low and the project should focus more on rendering eye care and not treatment of blindness. There is need to address the issue of refractive errors as this was one of the main ocular problems encountered. In this survey, it was not possible to perform detailed refraction and hence it was recommend that a refractive error survey be conducted; especially in school going children.
Kamau FN. "Synthesis of Steroidal Indoxyl, and Derivatives from 3-ketosteroid.". 2005. Abstract

5&alpha-Androstan-17&beta-ol-3-one condenses with 2-nitrobenzaldehyde in alkaline conditions to give the steroidal indoxyl 17&beta-hydroxy-1-(3′-oxoindan-2′-yliden)-3-nor-1,2-secoandrostan-3-oic acid (I) which on refluxing with acetic anhydride affords the lactam 17&beta-acetoxy-3′-aza-4a-homoandrost-1-eno-(3,2-a)-indan-3′,4-dione (II). Reduction of I with sodium borohydride gives the indole 17&beta-hydroxy-1-(indol-2′-yl)-3-nor-1, 2-secoandrostan-3-oic acid (III). The results of this synthesis suggest that 3-ketosteroids saturated in ring A react in a similar manner to 17-ketosteroids, with 2-nitrobenzaldehyde.

Kamau MW, Chindia ML, Dimba EA, Awange D, others. "Clinico-Histopathologic types of Maxillofacial Malignancies with emphasis on sarcomas.". 2011. Abstract
n/a
Kamau JM, Mbui DN, Mwaniki JM, Mwaura FB. "LAB SCALE BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM MARKET WASTES AND DAGORETTI SLAUGHTERHOUSE WASTE IN KENYA." International Journal of Energy and Environmental Research. 2020;8(1):12-21. Abstract

In this study, fruits and vegetable market wastes were used as substrates in biogas
production under psychrophilic, mesophilic and thermophilic conditions. Slaughterhouse waste
consisting of blood and diluted rumen fluid mixture was used as inoculum with seven days retention
time. Influence of C: N ratios of the unique mixtures of vegetables found in the market were
investigated. On average, the vegetable wastes found at the market contained >86% moisture, 5 -
12% volatile solid and 0.46 – 2.06% ash matter on a wet basis. The protein range was between
0.57 – 3.49% with high-fat content being recorded in avocado (Persea americana) wastes at
9.03%. The highest cumulative biogas was recorded in wastes mixture at 3500ml on seventh day
while low biogas yield was registered for wastes with C: N ratios greater than 35:1 like avocado
and lower than 10 like coriander and courgette wastes. The optimum operation pH was in the
range of 6.80 – 7.2.It can be concluded that the highest cumulative biogas was generated from
fruits/vegetable mixture at 3500ml in mesophillic conditions. This study recommends pH
adjustment to 6.8 – 7.2 in market wastes and C: N ratios of 20 – 25 for large scale biogas
production of wastes found in the Dagoretti Market.

Kamau JM, Mbui DM, Mwaniki JM, Mwaura FB. "Characterization of Voltage from Food Market Waste: Microbial Fuel Cells." International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 2018;4(3):37-43. Abstract

Waste management and energy supply are among the most pressing problems facing the world today. In the current study, microbial fuel cells technology was employed to convert market waste to electricity using a two chamber fuel cell. Fruit wastes were collected, blended and minced before loading to the anodic chamber. Cow dung was used as bio catalysts. Distilled water was used in the cathodic chamber while salt bridges were made using 3% agarose in sodium chloride solution. The results obtained shows that voltage from fruits increase with time for the first 16 -18 days. The average voltage obtained was highest in avocado waste at 0.357V and lowest in water melon waste at 0.009V. The power and current density for all the fruits were in the range of 0.060856 to 2.53043µW/M2 and 0.751315 to 63.11044 mA/m2 respectively. In conclusion, microbial fuel cells technology employed to generate clean energy from market wastes can provide the Kenyan population with clean and relatively cheap electricity, and also address the problem of solid waste management especially in vegetable markets

Kamau A, Paul Kamau, Muia D, Baiya H, Ndung'u J. "Bridging the entrepreneurial gender gap through social protection among women small-scale traders in Kenya.". In: Women Entrepreneurs and the Myth of ‘Underperformance’: A New Look at Women’s Entrepreneurship Research. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing; 2018.1-14619-flier.pdf
Kamau JM, Mbui DN, Mwaniki JM, Mwaura FB. "Application of microbial fuel cells in the degradation of 2, 4, 5, 6-tetrachloroisophthalonitrile (chlorothalonil)." Journal of Bioscience and Biotechnology Discovery. 2019;4(2):28-35. Abstract

Description
Pesticide’s persistence in the environment due to the relatively slow degradation mechanism leads to their bio-accumulation which in turn has adverse impacts on human health. Bio-remediation involves utilization of microbes from nature to the breakdown of organic molecules. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential of microbes in degrading chlorothalonil. Aerobic-anaerobic combined conditions in an H-shaped double chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) were employed for the breakdown of chlorothalonil. Decomposing tomatoes were used as the major substrate with their proximate properties being analyzed using standard method. Glucose loaded with different concentrations of chlorothalonil was introduced to the cells on day 10 when voltage production had stabilized. The voltage and current generated were monitored using a digital multi-meter while pesticide concentrations were obtained using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The highest voltage readings were obtained on day 9 of degradation, with values ranging from 0.463 to 0.537 V. The current ranged from 0.002 to 0.076 mA. Higher voltage and current values were recorded in solutions with lower pesticide concentration. The obtained degradation level was highest in 10 g glucose at 95.95 and 98.75% for day 10 and 20 respectively. The lowest breakdown was observed in the cells without glucose at 10.54 and 31.04% on day 10 and 20 respectively. The results demonstrate that MFC technology can be employed in mineralization of chlorinated pesticides as an alternative for incineration and photo-degradation.

Kamau JW, Kuria W, Mathai M, & LA, Kangethe R. "Psychiatric morbidity among HIV-infected children and adolescents in a resource-poor Kenyan urban community, ." AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV . 2012;24:7: 836-842.
KAMAU MRMUBUUPETERSON. "The role of traditional institutions in gender proprietary rights among pastoral communities in Kenya (research project co-authored with Dr. Patricia Mbote).". In: commissioned by SNV (Kenya - MASALA). Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 2005. Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence and pattern of eye diseases and visual impairment in the Nairobi Comprehensive Eye Care Services (NCES) Project; the catchment area of the Mbagathi District Eye Unit of Nairobi. Design: Community based survey conducted from October 15th to 31st 2007 Setting: Kibera and Dagoreti divisions of Nairobi City Subjects: 4200 people of all ages were randomly selected; 4056 were examined (96.6% response rate). 122 (2.9%) were not available and 15 (0.4%) declined to be examined. Results: Females: 54.2%, Males: 45.8%. Mean age; 22.4 years, SD; 16.5. Only 241(5.9%) aged >50years old. The leading eye disorders in Kibera and Dagoretti divisions are conjunctival disorders including allergic conjunctivitis and conjunctival growths. This was found to affect 7.6% of the subjects. This was followed by refractive errors found in 5.3% of the subjects. Cataract was found in 30 subjects (0.7%). Disorders of the retina and the optic nerve were found in 1.1% of the subjects and corneal disorders in 0.5%. The prevalence of visual impairment was 0.6%, severe visual impairment was 0.05% and blindness was 0.1%. This indicates that most of the ocular disorders encountered were not visually threatening. The main cause of visual impairment is refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness are cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma. Conclusion: The population of the NCES is relatively young and the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment is low. The main cause of visual impairment was refractive errors and the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness were cataract, corneal opacity and glaucoma. Recommendations: The level of blindness in NCES is low and the project should focus more on rendering eye care and not treatment of blindness. There is need to address the issue of refractive errors as this was one of the main ocular problems encountered. In this survey, it was not possible to perform detailed refraction and hence it was recommend that a refractive error survey be conducted; especially in school going children.
Kamau SJ, Rambo CM, Mbugua JM. "Influences of Community Participation on School Infrastructure Policy Implementation and Performance of Construction Projects. ." Open Journal of Social Sciences. 2021;2021(9):173-187.
Kamau, Paul OW. "Public Procurement Reforms: Lessons from Kenya,Tanzania and Uganda." OECD Technical Paper Number 208; 2004. Abstract
n/a
Kamau JW, and Mwaura F. "Climate change adaptation and EIA studies in Kenya." International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management” (IJCCSM. 2013;Vol 5(2):152-165.
Kamau FN, Kibwage IO, Muriuki G, Guantai, A N, Chepkwony H, Hoogmartens J, Roets E, Busson R. "Steroidal Indoxyls: Evaluation of Pk, values and anti-inflammatory activity.". 2006. Abstract

Three steroidal indoxyls, 3-oxo-16,17-seco-16;.nor-l,4-androstadien-15-(7'-methoxy-2-indoxyliden)17-oic acid, 1-(2'-indoxyliden)-2-nor-l,2-secocholestan-3~ oic acid and 1-(5'- chloro-2-indoxyliden)-2-nor-l,2-secocholestan-3-oic acid were synthesized and screened for anti-inflammatory activity. Their pK. values were also determined using a solubility method. The first compound, 3-oxo-16,17- seco-16-nor-l ,4-androstadien-15-(7' -methoxy-2-indoxyliden) 17 -oic acid, had an EDso value of 15.3 mg/kg and a pK. of 7.09. The cholestane derivative, 1-(2'-indoxyliden)-2-nor-l,2-secocholestan-3-oic acid, and its chloro analogue 1-(5'-chloro-2-indoxyliden)-2-nor-l,2-secocholestan-3-oic acid had EDso values of 16.2 and 22.8 mg/kg, while their pK. values were 6.56 and 7.07, respectively, suggesting that these compounds are relatively weak acids.

Kamau W. "Legal Treatment of Consent in Sexual Offences in Kenya." Law Society of Kenya . 2014;1(10):27.
Kamau A, Ngeranwa J, Ombaka D, Mutiso M. "Adoption of Eco-Friendly Dry-Land Agriculture and Water Technologies in Kitui County, Kenya.". In: Technology and Management at the Interface of Cultures: Harnessing culture and technology for sustainable development, good governance and innovative technology transfer. Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology (JOUST), Bondo; 2015.abstract_joust_final.pdf
Kamau FN, Njogui PM, Thoithi GN, Mwangi JW, Kibwage IO, Kariuki ST, Yenesew A, Mugoi HN, Mwalukumb JM. ". Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Investigation of Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis (Urticaceae).". 2011. Abstract

Root and stem extracts of Girardinia diversifolia exhibited varying degrees of activity against Bacillus pumilus, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Three compounds namely ~-sitosterol, 7bydroxysitosterol and 3-bydroxystigmast-5-en-7-one, were isolated from the petroleum ether root extract. The present study gives scientific credence to the traditional use of Girardinia diversifolia in the management of microbial infections.

Kamau G, James K, Jones M, Benedict M. Alternative Approach to Mining of Heavy Minerals in Kenya.; 2002.
Kamau E, Kayima J OMMCWCP. "Health related quality of life of patients on maintenance haemodialysis at Kenyatta National Hospital." East African Medical Journal. 2012;89(3):39-45. Abstract

Background: Health related quality of life is increasingly being recognized as a primary outcome measure in treatment of end stage renal disease. The health related quality of life of patients on maintenance haemodialysis is reduced. Several interventions directed at modifiable risk factors have been shown to improve quality of life of patients on haemodialysis.
Objective: To assess the health related quality of life of patients on maintanance haemodialysis at Kenyatta National Hospital.
Design: Cross sectional descriptive study
Setting: Kenyatta National Hospital, Renal Unit.
Subjects: The study was conducted on 96 patients with end stage renal disease on maintenance haemodialysis. Socio-Demographic and clinical factors were recorded for all patients. Health-related quality of life was assessed using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36 questionnaire. Two summary scores and three sub-scale scores were calculated.
Results: The mean physical composite summary and mental composite summary scores were 39.09+/- 9.49 and 41.87+/- 10.56 respectively. The burden of kidney disease sub-scale, symptom and problems sub-scale and effect of kidney disease on daily life sub-scale score were 16.15+/- 21.83, 73.46+/-18.061 and 67.63+/-23.45 respectively.
Conclusion: Health related quality of life of patients on maintenance hemodialysis is reduced. The physical quality of life is more affected than the mental quality of life. The burden of kidney disease sub-scale is the most affected sub-scale score.

and Kambo I KKNST. Procedure manual for Nurses and Midwives. Nairobi: African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF); 2009.
and Kambo I KKNST. Procedure manual for Nurses and Midwives. Nairobi: African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF); 2009.
Kambura C, Tanga CM, Kilalo D, Muthomi J, Salifu D, Rwomushana I, Mohamed SA, Ekesi S. "Composition, Host Range and Host Suitability of Vegetable-Infesting Tephritids on Cucurbits Cultivated in Kenya." African Entomology. 2018;26(2):379-397.
Kamelarczyk KBF;, Theilade I;, Nathan I;, Saito M. "Proceedings from the international seminar” REDD+ expectations and experiences”."; 2011.
Kamenju J, Mwathi L, Kiganjo G. Physical Education Form Three Teacher's Guide.; 2004.
Kamenju J, Mwathi L. Primary Teacher Education Physical Education.; 2006.
Kameri-Mbote P. "What Would it Take to Realise the Promises? Protecting Women’s Rights in the Kenya National Land Policy of 2009.". 2009. Abstractprotecting_womens_rights.pdfWebsite

Land is a critical resource in Kenya, having economic, social, political, environmental and cultural significance. Kenya’s population continues to rely on land for both subsistence and economic activities. In fact, the increase of the population from about 20 million people in the 1960s to about 40 million currently, has put enormous pressure on land. Only a third of Kenya’s land is arable while the rest is arid and semi-arid. With most Kenyans still living off the land, contestations over access to, control over and ownership of land are prevalent. In the broader Kenya context, the land question has emerged as a major political issue that can erupt anytime and threaten the existence of the state, as was witnessed in the post-election violence in December 2007 (Kameri-Mbote and Kindiki, 2009). Within this context, women’s rights to land have remained at the core of the quest for gender equality in Kenya. Among various Kenyan communities, women do not traditionally own land or other immovable property. They have use rights which are anchored in their relationships with men as husbands, fathers, brothers or uncles. Such access is tenuous and can be denied by the male benefactors. This situation affects the survival and livelihoods of women and also stifles their effective role in, and contribution to, national development. This is despite the fact that women provide the bulk of agricultural labour.

Kameri-Mbote P. "Women, land rights and the environment: the Kenyan experience .". 2006. AbstractWebsite

Gender neutral statutory law on land and environment and its interplay with customary, religious and other social norms has impacted significantly on women's rights to access land and environmental resources. To change the prevailing conditions, innovative and radical approaches to land and environmental resources' stewardship are required. Rather than focusing on ownership of land for its own sake, we suggest here that roles that individuals play with regard to the land and environmental resources should determine rights to land and environmental resources. Such a focus would shift the locus of land and environmental resources' control from titular male household heads to the labourers and tenders of land who are mainly women

Kameri-Mbote P, Odote C, Musembi CN, Kamande W. Ours by Right: Law, Politics and Realities of Community Property in Kenya. Nairobi: Strathmore University Press; 2013.
Kameri-Mbote P, Odote C, Musembi C, Murigi K. Ours By Right: Law, Politics and Realities of Community Property in Kenya. Nairobi: Srathmore University Press; 2013.
Kameri-Mbote P, Odote C. "Liability for Climate Change in Kenya.". 2012.Website
Kameri-Mbote P. "Challenges to Sustainability in Africa.". 2011. AbstractWebsite

Sustainability as defined in the Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) denotes development that meets the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. It has elements of equity among current generations and across successive generations (Brown Weiss,1989). The challenges to sustainability in African states are multi - faceted, cross-sectoral and multidisciplinary in nature. These challenges range from social, economic, political and environmental challenges.They cut across the different sectors in the countries with a few of them being unique to a specific sector

Kameri-Mbote P, Ikdahl I, Hellum A, Kaarhhus R, Benjaminsen TA. Human Rights, Formalisation And Women's Land Rights In Southern And Eastern Africa.; 2005.Website
Kameri-Mbote P;, Kabira N. "Separating the baby from the bath water: women's rights and the politics of constitution-making in Kenya .". 2008. AbstractWebsite

This article looks at the process of constitution-making in Kenya from 1990s to 2005 when the proposed new constitution (the product of the process) was rejected in a national referendum held in October 2005. It avers that Kenyan women had succeeded in getting many of the issues that they considered important included in the constitution and should have lobbied to have that constitution adopted. The defeat of the constitution, the authors assert amounted to throwing away the baby with the bath water. It also negated gains that seemed so close to being realised setting the quest for gender equality back considerably.

Kameri-Mbote P. Conflict and Cooperation: Making the Case for Environmental Pathways to Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region.; 2006. AbstractWebsite

Authoritarian regimes, genocides, and civil wars have plagued countries in the Great Lakes Region in recent years. The region’s nations rely heavily on natural resources—water, minerals, land—for their economic development, as well as for the livelihoods of their people, and many of the region’s conflicts are connected to these resources or other environmental factors. Opportunities for environmental peacemaking in the Great Lakes Region have not yet been isolated, even though there are many examples of cooperation at the national, regional, sub-regional, and local levels. This brief examines the possibility of using environmental management as a pathway to peace in the region.With its prevalence of conflict and transboundary ecosystems, the Great Lakes Region could be a potential model for a future worldwide initiative in environmental peacemaking

Kameri-Mbote P, Odote C. "Liability for Climate Change in Kenya.". In: Climate Change Liability: Transnational Law and Practice. London: Cambridge University Press; 2012.
Kamolo, R M, V W, G WE. "Gingival enlargement in high school children in rural Eastern Kenya." J Ken Dent Ass. 2019.
Kamonjo FW, Migosi J. "Determinants of Secondary School academic performance differences of students drawn from Private and Public Primary Schools in Kenya." The Cradle of Knowledge: Africa Journal of Educational and Social Science Research. 2013;1(1):77-91.
Kamp M, Soligno G, Hagemans F, Peng B, Imhof A, van Roij R, van Blaaderen A. "Regiospecific nucleation and growth of silane coupling agent droplets onto colloidal particles." The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2017;121:19989-19998. Abstract
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Kamucha G, Kompa G. "High Resolution Hip-joint Socket Imaging using Pulsed Laser Radar.". In: 30th European Microwave Conference. Paris; 2000.
Kamucha G, Kompa G. "Clinical Trial of Intraoperative Laser Radar Imaging in Hip-joint Replacement Surgery.". In: Proceedings of ODIMAP IV, 4th Topical Meeting on Optoelectronic Distance Measurements and Applications. University of Oulu, Finland; 2004.
Kamucha G, Kompa G. "Non-invasive Intraoperative Imaging using Laser Radar System in Hip-joint Replacement Surgery.". In: Medical Robotics, Navigation and Visualization, MRNV2004. Remagen, Germany; 2004.
Kamucha G, Kompa G. "A Non-invasive Approach to Patient Registration in Computer Assisted Hip-joint Replacement Surgery using Pulsed Laser Radar Imaging.". In: Proceedings of ODIMAP III, 3rd Topical Meeting on Optoelectronic Distance Measurements and Applications. University of Pavia, Italy; 2001.
Kamugisha M, Mutembei HM TT. "Assessing the value of agroforestry and food security among households in Isingiro District, South-Western Uganda." International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology. In Press:1-16.
Kamugisha M, Mutembei HM TT. "Determining Household and Farm Level Governance Factors affecting transition to household food security in Isingiro District, South-Western Uganda." African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. In Press.
Kamundia PW;, Mbuthia PG;, Waruiru RM;, Njagi LW;, Nyaga PN;, Mdegela RH;, Byarugaba DK;, Otieno RO. "Trypanosoma infection in carrier fish of Lake Victoria, Kenya.".; 2010.
Kamundia PW;, Mbuthia PG;, Waruiru RM;, Njagi LW;, Nyaga PN;, Mdegela RH;, Byarugaba DK;, Otieno RO. "Trypanosoma infection in carrier fish of Lake Victoria, Kenya.".; 2010.
Kamundia PW;, Mbuthia PG;, Waruiru RM;, Njagi LW;, Nyaga PN;, Mdegela RH;, Byarugaba DK;, Otieno RO. "Trypanosoma infection in carrier fish of Lake Victoria, Kenya.".; 2010.
Kamunya SM, Oboko RO, Maina EM, Miriti EK. " A Systematic Review of Gamification Within E-Learning." igi-global.com. 2021:18. AbstractWebsite

The focus of this study was to review and evaluate the effectiveness of gamification within e-learning platforms. The study deployed systematic literature review methodology to evaluate how effective gamification has been used within e-learning platforms. The study used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Approach (PRISMA), starting with 366 articles, shifting to a final 34 articles for consideration. It was established that gamification positively influences and enhances learning within the e-learning platform. Therefore, the study recommends policy makers, designers, and implementers of e-learning platforms to consider incorporating gamification elements in order to increase user motivation and engagement for enhanced learning.

Kamunya SM, Ayienga EM, Moturi CA. "A Performance Evaluation of Mobile Agents in Network Management.". In: UNESCO-HP Workshop on Brain Gain. Kenya School of Monetary Studies, Nairobi, Kenya; 2012.
Kamunya S, Ayienga E, Moturi C. "Performance Evaluation of Mobile Agents in Network Management.". In: UNESCO-HP Brain Gain Workshop. Nairobi, Kenya; 2012.
Kamunyu R, Ndungo C. "Gender Preference of Counsellors among University Students Seeking Counselling Services." IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS). 2020;25(2):20-28.
Kamuti NM, Mbuthia PG, Waruiru RM, Githigia SM, Keya EA. "Prevalence, etiology and risk factors associated with occurrence of canine cutaneous myiasis in Kitui County, Kenya." Hindawi Veterinary Medicine International. 2022;Vol. 2022(ID 5699060):9 pages .
Kamuti NM, Mbuthia, P.G., Waruiru, R.M., Githigia SM, Keya EA. "Prevalence, Etiology and Risk Factors Associated with Occurrence of Canine Cutaneous Myiasis in Kitui County, Kenya." Hindawi Journal of Veterinary Medicine International. 2022.
Kamwati SK;, Kakundi EM;, Mbae CK;, Kang’ethe EK;, Szonyia B;, Hussni MO. "First report of Cryptosporidium deer-like genotype in Kenyan cattle."; 2008. Abstract

The objective of the study was to identify Cryptosporidium genotypes from feces collected from urban and peri-urban dairy cattle in Nairobi, Kenya, in order to determine their zoonotic potential. DNA was extracted from 34 samples that were diagnosed positive by the modified Ziehl–Neelsen technique. Two Cryptosporidium isolates examined at the 18S rRNA locus were identified as the deer-like genotype by DNA sequencing. As public health officials are facing the difficult decision whether to allow urban livestock production because of its economic benefits and a livelihood asset to the urban communities, or to ban it for its public health risks, the finding of non-zoonotic genotypes in a smallholder dairy system has significant public health as well as economic implications that merit further investigation

Kamweru AK. "The Role of Architecture in Kenya Vision 2030.". In: East African Workshop on Architecture and Practice. ADD Building, Nairobi; 2010.
Kamweru K. "Housing as Process: An Approach Based of a Multiple Client Approach.". In: 8th Annual East Africa Workshop and Exhibition,. ADD Building, University of Nairobi; 2018.
Kamweru AK. "Green Architecture: Developing Global Significance from Local Knowledge.". In: Sustainable development Conference . Panafric Hotel,Nairobi; 1996.
Kamweru AK. "Using Public Health Regulations to Build Resilience Cities in Kenya: Utafiti News Issue No. 6." Utafiti News Issue 6, January 2019 (2018):15.
Kamweti D;, Michieka RW;, Karanja N. "Tree Species Composition And Spacing In Agroforestry System Of Embu District, Kenya."; 2008. Abstract

In agroforestry systems, farmers plant or retain different tree species because of their different roles. In selection of tree species, farmers seek fast growing trees, which can generate income from sale of timber and woodfuel. Other attributes to such tree crop competition and soil enrichment are borne in mind during tree species screening and selection by farmers. An investigation of tree species composition and spacing in any agroforestry system is a prerequisite to determination of growth and yield of wood resources in agroforestry system. The main objective of this study was to determine relative frequency of the common tree species and their spatial distribution in agroforestry areas of Embu District, Kenya.

Kamweti D, Michieka RW;, Karanja N. "Tree Species Composition And Spacing In Agroforestry System Of Embu District, Kenya."; 2008. Abstract

In agroforestry systems, farmers plant or retain different tree species because of their different roles. In selection of tree species, farmers seek fast growing trees, which can generate income from sale of timber and woodfuel. Other attributes to such tree crop competition and soil enrichment are borne in mind during tree species screening and selection by farmers. An investigation of tree species composition and spacing in any agroforestry system is a prerequisite to determination of growth and yield of wood resources in agroforestry system. The main objective of this study was to determine relative frequency of the common tree species and their spatial distribution in agroforestry areas of Embu District, Kenya.

and Kamweya, A.M.; Mwangi NMEMFK. "Elephant movement and local community attitudes towards the proposed corridor between Thegu forest and Sangare ranch." Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology . 2012;14(1).
KAMWI RN, MFUNE JK, KAAYA GP, JONAZI JB. "Seasonal variation in the prevalence of malaria and vector species in northern Namibia." Journal of Entomology and Nematology. 2012;4 (5):42-48.
Kanaya S, Altaf-Ul-Amin M, Kiboi SK, Afendi FM. "Big Data and Network Biology 2016." BioMed Research International. 2017;2017.
Kanaya S, Altaf-Ul-Amin M, Kiboi SK, Afendi FM. "Big data and network biology." BioMed research international. 2014;2014.
Kanaya S, Altaf-Ul-Amin M, Kiboi SK, Afendi FM. "Big data and network biology 2015." BioMed research international. 2015;2015.
Kandas I, Zhang B, Daengngam C, Ashry I, Jao C-Y, Peng B, Ozdemir SK, Robinson HD, Heflin JR, Yang L, others. "High quality factor silica microspheres functionalized with self-assembled nanomaterials." Optics express. 2013;21:20601-20610. Abstract
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Kanduma EG, Mwacharo JM, Githaka NW, Kinyanjui PW, Njuguna JN, Kamau LM, Kariuki E, Mwaura S, Skilton RA, Bishop RP. "Analyses of mitochondrial genes reveal two sympatric but genetically divergent lineages of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus in Kenya." Parasites & vectors. 2016;9:1-15. Abstract
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Kanduma EG, Emery D, Githaka NW, Nguu EK, Bishop RP, Šlapeta J. "Molecular evidence confirms occurrence of Rhipicephalus microplus Clade A in Kenya and sub-Saharan Africa." Parasites & vectors. 2020;13:1-15. Abstract
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Kanduma EG, Mwacharo JM, Mwaura S, Njuguna JN, Nzuki I, Kinyanjui PW, Githaka N, Heyne H, Hanotte O, Skilton RA, others. "Multi-locus genotyping reveals absence of genetic structure in field populations of the brown ear tick (Rhipicephalus appendiculatus) in Kenya." Ticks and tick-borne diseases. 2016;7:26-35. Abstract
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Kanduma EG, Mwacharo JM, Sunter JD, Nzuki I, Mwaura S, Kinyanjui PW, Kibe M, Heyne H, Hanotte O, Skilton RA, others. "Micro-and minisatellite-expressed sequence tag (EST) markers discriminate between populations of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus." Ticks and tick-borne diseases. 2012;3:128-136. Abstract
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Kanduma EG, Mukuri JC, Mwanda OW. "Survey of Hanganutziu and Deicher (HD) Antibody in Cancer Patients Attending Kenyatta National Hospital.". 2007. Abstract

The sensitivity of HD antibody in cancer diagnosis/prognosis could be improved by detection of Immune Complex (IC) dissociated antibody. Combined evaluation of native HD and Immune Complex (IC) dissociated antibody was carried out. Presence and titre of these antibodies in cancer patients was investigated in serum samples obtained from 420 patients with various types of tumors. Results were compared with those of 246 age and sex-matched controls. The serum samples were analysed for hemagglutination antibodies by hemagglutination (HA) test and the antibodies quantified by ELISA. Dissociation was achieved by treating the samples with Glycine Hydrochloride (pH 1.8), then neutralised by Tris-HCl (pH 7.4). Mean HA titre was 16.8 in controls and 67.4 in patients (p<0.001). Patients aged between 26-35 years had the highest mean titre of 75.9 (p=0.397) while controls of the same age had the highest mean titres of 19.9 (p=0.043). Carcinomas had a mean titre of 81 compared to 54 for sarcoma and 52 for lymphoma (p=0.117) among histological types. Female patients had a titre of 75.2 compared to 55.7 of males (p<0.05) while the difference by gender in controls was 15.1 for males and 19.3 for females (p=0.199). The mean level of native HD antibody was -0.011 in controls compared to 0.004 in patients (p=0.03). The levels were significantly high in carcinoma (p=0.017) compared to sarcoma and carcinoma type of malignancy. There was no association between HD antibody levels and age. Mean levels were higher in females than males in both study groups (p=0.628) (p=0.601). IC dissociated antibody mean level was -0.06 in the control group compared to 0.014 in test cases (p=0.000). Levels were independent of gender (p=0.984) while they were highest in sarcoma type compared to other types of tumors that were negative for the antibodies (p=0.413). Both native and antigen-bound HD antibodies are significantly increased in cancer disease.

Kanduma EG, Mukuria JC, Mwanda OW. "Serum total sialic acid and Hanganutziu-Deicher antibody in normals and in cancer patients." East African Medical Journal. 2007;84:207-214. Abstract
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Kanduma EG, Mukuri JC, Mwanda OW. "Survey of Hanganutziu and Deicher (HD) Antibody in Cancer Patients Attending Kenyatta National Hospital.". 2007. Abstractsurvey_of_hanganutziu-_--.pdf

The sensitivity of HD antibody in cancer diagnosis/prognosis could be improved by detection of Immune Complex (IC) dissociated antibody. Combined evaluation of native HD and Immune Complex (IC) dissociated antibody was carried out. Presence and titre of these antibodies in cancer patients was investigated in serum samples obtained from 420 patients with various types of tumors. Results were compared with those of 246 age and sex-matched controls. The serum samples were analysed for hemagglutination antibodies by hemagglutination (HA) test and the antibodies quantified by ELISA. Dissociation was achieved by treating the samples with Glycine Hydrochloride (pH 1.8), then neutralised by Tris-HCl (pH 7.4). Mean HA titre was 16.8 in controls and 67.4 in patients (p<0.001). Patients aged between 26-35 years had the highest mean titre of 75.9 (p=0.397) while controls of the same age had the highest mean titres of 19.9 (p=0.043). Carcinomas had a mean titre of 81 compared to 54 for sarcoma and 52 for lymphoma (p=0.117) among histological types. Female patients had a titre of 75.2 compared to 55.7 of males (p<0.05) while the difference by gender in controls was 15.1 for males and 19.3 for females (p=0.199). The mean level of native HD antibody was -0.011 in controls compared to 0.004 in patients (p=0.03). The levels were significantly high in carcinoma (p=0.017) compared to sarcoma and carcinoma type of malignancy. There was no association between HD antibody levels and age. Mean levels were higher in females than males in both study groups (p=0.628) (p=0.601). IC dissociated antibody mean level was -0.06 in the control group compared to 0.014 in test cases (p=0.000). Levels were independent of gender (p=0.984) while they were highest in sarcoma type compared to other types of tumors that were negative for the antibodies (p=0.413). Both native and antigen-bound HD antibodies are significantly increased in cancer disease.

Kanduma E, McHugh TD, Gillespie SH. "Molecular methods for Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain typing: a users guide." Journal of applied microbiology. 2003;94:781-791. Abstract
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Kanduma EG, Bishop RP, Githaka NW, Skilton RA, Heyne H, Mwacharo JM. "Mitochondrial and nuclear multilocus phylogeny of Rhipicephalus ticks from Kenya." Molecular phylogenetics and evolution. 2019;140:106579. Abstract
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Kanduma E, Francis Gakuyab, Naftaly Githakaa, Saori Suzukia, Edward Kariukib, Hirohisa Mekataa, Satoru Konnaia, Tomohiro Okagawaa, Shirai T, Ikenakad Y, Ishizuka M, Murata S, Ohashi K. Transcriptional profiling of inflammatory cytokine genes in African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer) infected with Theileria parva. Vol. IX. NAIROBI: UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI; 2012.
Kanduma EG, Mukuri JC, Mwanda OW. "Survey of Hanganutziu and Deicher (HD) Antibody in Cancer Patients Attending Kenyatta National Hospital.". 2007. Abstractsurvey_of_hanganutziu-_--.pdf

The sensitivity of HD antibody in cancer diagnosis/prognosis could be improved by detection of Immune Complex (IC) dissociated antibody. Combined evaluation of native HD and Immune Complex (IC) dissociated antibody was carried out. Presence and titre of these antibodies in cancer patients was investigated in serum samples obtained from 420 patients with various types of tumors. Results were compared with those of 246 age and sex-matched controls. The serum samples were analysed for hemagglutination antibodies by hemagglutination (HA) test and the antibodies quantified by ELISA. Dissociation was achieved by treating the samples with Glycine Hydrochloride (pH 1.8), then neutralised by Tris-HCl (pH 7.4). Mean HA titre was 16.8 in controls and 67.4 in patients (p<0.001). Patients aged between 26-35 years had the highest mean titre of 75.9 (p=0.397) while controls of the same age had the highest mean titres of 19.9 (p=0.043). Carcinomas had a mean titre of 81 compared to 54 for sarcoma and 52 for lymphoma (p=0.117) among histological types. Female patients had a titre of 75.2 compared to 55.7 of males (p<0.05) while the difference by gender in controls was 15.1 for males and 19.3 for females (p=0.199). The mean level of native HD antibody was -0.011 in controls compared to 0.004 in patients (p=0.03). The levels were significantly high in carcinoma (p=0.017) compared to sarcoma and carcinoma type of malignancy. There was no association between HD antibody levels and age. Mean levels were higher in females than males in both study groups (p=0.628) (p=0.601). IC dissociated antibody mean level was -0.06 in the control group compared to 0.014 in test cases (p=0.000). Levels were independent of gender (p=0.984) while they were highest in sarcoma type compared to other types of tumors that were negative for the antibodies (p=0.413). Both native and antigen-bound HD antibodies are significantly increased in cancer disease.

Kang'ethe RN, Nguithi AN, Njenga FG. "War and mental disorders in Africa.". 2006. Abstract

Many wars continue to engulf Africa, from east to west and from north to south, leaving many Africans severely traumatized (1). Musisi (2), in his chapter in the recently published volume "Essentials of clinical psychiatry for sub- Saharan Africa", reports significant physical and psychological war-related trauma inflicted to the Ugandans in their homes, at military checkpoints and in detention. The most commonly encountered mental disorders were found to be post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at 39.9%, depression at 52%, anxiety at 60% and somatization disorder at 72.2%. The prevalence of suicidal behaviour was recorded as 22.7% and that of alcohol abuse as 18.2%. These incredibly high figures for mental disorders in war-affected Ugandans are reflected by another recent study among internally displaced Kenyans following ethnic clashes in parts of the country. Njau (3) found, in this highly traumatized population, a prevalence rate of 80.2% of PTSD amongst the heads of households. Neuner et al (4) studied a random sample of 3,339 refugees in the west Nile region, including Ugandans and Sudanese, and found that 31.6% of the male and 40.1% of the female respondents fulfilled the criteria for a DSM-IV PTSD diagnosis. He also found a near linear rise of psychological strain with the increasing number of traumatic events, ranging from a 23% prevalence of PTSD in those who reported three or fewer pre-defined traumatizing experiences to a 100% prevalence in those who reported 28 or more traumatic events. In a recent study, Pham et al (5) found that, among the 2091 participants who survived the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, 24.8% met the symptom criteria for PTSD. All these studies support the fact of the existence of recognizable PTSD within African populations. This reality, however, is in contrast to that held by some experts (6) who state that PTSD in Africa is a pseudo-diagnosis by Western agencies who medicalize understandable social consequences of war and who bring about Western models of management that are inappropriate. It is precisely this type of misconception that sets Africa aside and apart from the rest of the world when it comes to the conceptualization of PTSD. There is ample evidence in support of the fact that Western conceptualizations of PTSD have validity in Africans, and that war survivors in Africa can and do show symptoms of PTSD (7-9). It is expected that this Forum will stimulate thinking and action not only among African academics but also among aid agencies. These ought to wake up to the reality that the prevalence of mental disorders in Africa is likely to be extremely high, as a direct result of the wars that have caused many to lead lives as refugees. While attention of the Africans and the world have (correctly) in the last few decades focused on infectious diseases including HIV/AIDS, it would seem reasonable to now accept that mental health consequences of war and displacement are contributing significantly in setting back the continent from achieving the millennium development goals. A number of questions arise from Murthy and Lakshminarayana's paper, and in the African context demand answers. The first relates to the longterm outcome of those traumatized by the various wars. Whereas there is some suggestion from Mozambique (10) that PTSD rates go down over time, other long-term studies would suggest otherwise (11,12). Indeed, eight years after the genocide in Rwanda, a quarter of the studied population showed diagnosable PTSD (7). This, projected to the actual numbers of Africans traumatized in Sudan, Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Somalia and other parts of Africa, translates to millions of people in need of help. Community interventions such as those tried in Mozambique (10) hold some promise, as do initiatives such as the South Africa Truth and Reconciliation Commission (13).

Kang'ethe EK. "The impact of meat inspection on the control of bovine cysticercosis in Kenya.".; 1995. Abstract

Monthly meat inspection records for the period 1974-1991 were studied and reports of bovine cysticercosis in the carcasses, head and heart from different Provinces in Kenya were analysed. The national prevalence rate showed a dramatic decline from 8.8% in 1974 to 1.1% in 1991. Provincial prevalence rates showed a decline in the cases reported within the same period. The Coast Province showed a decrease from 4% in 1974 to 0.5% in 1991. Other provinces showed a similar trend. The impact meat inspection has made on the control of bovine cysticercosis and new strategies for its control are discussed.

Kang'ethe EK, Arimi SM, MacDermott JJ, Omore AO. "Analysis of Public Health Risks From Consumption of Informally Marketed Milk in Kenya.". 2004. Abstract

Despite an unfavorable policy environment against informal milk markets, these market account for most milk sales in Kenya. Convenient delivery and lower prices are the principal benefits for poor consumers. Current milk handling and safety regulations in Kenya are derived from models in industrialized countries. These may not be appropriate for local market conditions. An important step in targeting policies better is to collect quantitative and qualitative information about milk-borne health risk under different market situations. Preliminary results of assessments of milk quality and handling practices of informal milk market agents and consumers in central Kenya show very low apparent prevalence of zoonotic health hazards in milk from smallholder herds o[that contribute most marketed milk. Higher bacterial counts were associated with longer market chains and distance to urban areas. Most (up to 80%) of samples did not meet national bacterial quality standards. Over 96% of consumes boiled milk before consumption mainly to lengthen shelf life but also for health reasons. The most important health risks were judged to be from antimicrobial residues found in up to 16% of milk samples tested.

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "Gikunju J.K., Mbaria J.M., Maitho T.E., Kyule M. 1995. Water fluoride in the Molo division of Nakuru district, Kenya. Fluoride volume 28 (2) 17-20.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1995. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "Ombui, J. N. and Gikunju J.K. 1999, Human Schistosomiasis: A review. A journal for Medical and Health Workers, AFYA, African Medical and Research foundation (AMREF) Vol. 31, No. 3, pp 5-9.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1999. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "INVITRO ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF NEEM TREE EXTRACT AS COMPARED TO OTHER ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992. Abstract
Ethanolic extract of medicinal plant, Azadirachta indica was prepared from the aerial parts selected from the leaves. The activity of the extract was tested using bacteria of three genera (Staphylococcus aureas, streptococcus pyogenes and Escherichia coli). The activity of the extract combined with conventional antibiotics and the micro organisms was also tested. The tube and plate dilution methods were employed, whereby the plate method was used as a confirmatory test method. The synergistic effects of the Neem tree extracts and the conventional antibiotic varied depending on the concentration and the micro organisms used.  It is concluded that carefully guided extraction and characterization of the plant compound may yield useful antibiotic active principles.
KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "Gikunju J.K., Githui K., Maitho T.E 1992. Borehole water in Nairobi: safe or risky. The Kenya Veterinarian Vol. 16, pp 16-18.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "Gikunju J.K., Maitho T.E., Birkeland J.M. and Lokken P (1992), Fluoride in fish from Lakes of the Great Rift Valley, Kenya. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 27: 85-90.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. ". Gikunju J.K. 1999, Kenya and the perils of fluoride. A journal for Medical and Health Workers, AFYA, African Medical and Research foundation (AMREF) Vol. 31, No.3, pp 15-18.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1999. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "COMMERCIAL MINERAL WATER IN NAIROBI: SAFE OR RISKY.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992.
KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "TOXIC EFFECTS OF FLUORIDE IN RATS EXPOSED TO DIFFERENT FLUORIDE SOURCES.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992. Abstract
{      Toxicological information on fluoride is obtained mainly from studies conducted in laboratory animals and rat is the species used most frequently. The objectives of this study were to identify some of the toxic effects which may occur in rats exposed to graded doses of fluoride in form of sodium fluoride and also from some of the commercial cattle salts known to contain high fluoride levels in Kenya. A total of 100 female wistar weaner rats were obtained and randomly divided into 10 groups namely, A (n=10), B (n=10), C (n=10), D (n=10), E (n=10), F (n=10), G (n=10), H (n=10), I (n=10), and J (n=10). Groups A, B, C, D, E and F were fed on 1, 5, 10, 30, 60, 80 mgF/L (or 0.087, 0.42, 0.823, 2.667, 5.45 and 7.804 mgF/Kg) sodium fluoride in de-ionised water, respectively. Group G, H, I and J were fed on 2 % Magadi salt solution, deionised water (control), 2 % commercial mineral salt solution and 2 % tea infusion, respectively. The dose levels were chosen on the basis of the fact that 1 and 5 mg/l represents low fluoride concentration, while 10 and 30 mg/l represents moderate level which may be toxic and 60 and 80 mg/l represents highly toxic levels of fluoride (Whitford, 1991). The oral route of administration was used on voluntary intake. Bodyweight,organ/bodyweight ratio, organ histopathology and clinical observations were made on each group of rats. Any deaths were recorded immediately. Faecal samples were collected.       There were no deaths observed from groups, A (0.087 mg/kg), B (0.042 mg/kg), C (0.823 mg/Kg), H (control), and J (2 % tea). Ten rats died from groups D
KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "Gikunju J.K. 1992. Fluoride concentration in Tilapia fish (Oreochromis leucostictus) from Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Fluoride 25:1, 37-43.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "Gikunju J.K., Maitho T.E., Mitema S.E. and Mugera G.M. 1998, Fluoride concentration in Black bass (Micropterus salmoides) from Lake Naivasha, Kenya. International journal of BioChemiPhysics, Vol. 6 and 7, Nos. 1 and 2, pp 90 -92.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1998. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "RIVER WATER FLUORIDE IN CENTRAL AND NAIROBI PROVINCES OF KENYA.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 2002. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "FLUORIDE CONCENTRATION IN DIFFERENT AREAS OF LAKE MAGADI WITH VARYING WATER TEMPERATURES.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992.
KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "THE PREVALENCE OF MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS (MDR TB) AND ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS THERAPY AMONG PATIENTS WITH HIV-RELATED TUBERCULOSIS AND THOSE WITH NON HIV-RELATED TUBERCULOSIS.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992. Abstract
In treatment of tuberculosis infection it is important for cure to be obtained. Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection thus there is risk of drug resistance. If a dose of anti-tuberculosis is drug is missed, full cure cannot be obtained and reactivation of infection can occur at a later stage. Furthermore, multi-drug resistance which is also common to many bacterial infections may develop as a result of missing the prescribed doses of drug as is required in rational use of antibiotic drugs. The patients infected with HIV/AIDS can live for a long time if they treat opportunistic infection. These patients have a high risk of contacting tuberculosis. The study will use measures set up by the Ministry of Health to control tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS pandemic such as Direct Observed therapy (DOT).DOT has been adopted by the ministry of Health Tuberculosis control programme. Follow up will done by evaluating sputum smears, culture and drug susceptibility test, and examining chest radiographs. Therefore the follow-up to determine multi-drug resistant tuberculosis needs a specialized Microbiology laboratory that is equipped with necessary facilities. The study mainly carried out survey to see the effectiveness of DOT in completion of therapy and in combating the problem of drug resistance which may arise especially from high risk groups such as those infected with HIV/AIDS. The problem of poor drug compliance and drug toxicity was also considered in assessing drug therapy.   
KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. "Gikunju J.K., Githui K. and Maitho T.E., 1992, Fluoride levels in bore-hole water around Nairobi. Fluoride 25: 3, 111-114.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1992. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

Kangethe J. Factors influencing utilisation of E-journals at Daystar University. department MMCKUL-, ed. Kenyatta University; 2009.
Kangethe LN, Ahmed H, Omar S, Gathirwa J, Kirira P, Kaniaru S, Kamau T, Kimani F, Joseph K Nganga, IRUNGU LUCY. "Synergistic Antiplasmodial Activity of Artemisia annua fractions against in vitro cultures of Plasmodium falciparum." African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2016;5(4).
Kangethe J. Interlibrary loan policy among Libraries; case study of University of Nairobi and The kenya polytechnic University Library. kenya polytechnic. Miss sarah Kibugi- head of Liberal studies department, ed. Nairobi: Technical University; 1990.
Kangethe RT, Taracha E, Pelle R, Bulimo WD, Tonukari NJ. Cloning and characterisation of Theileria parva RESA2 ortholog.. University of Nairobi, Nairobi; 2004. Abstract

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Kangethe PC;, Rege JEO;, Thorpe W;, Mosi RO. "Performance of Ayrshire, Friesian and Sahiwal crossbred calves at Mariakani."; 1991. Abstract

Presents results of a trial carried out in Kilifi District, Coast Province in Kenya to evaluate genetic and environmental factors affecting birth weight, preweaning average daily gain, weaning weight (at 5 months) and preweaning survival for 8 genotypes of crossbred and straightbred of Ayrshire, Friesian and Sahiwal calves.

Kange’the E, McDermott B, Grace D, Mbae C, Mulinge E, Monda J, Nyongesa C, Ambia J, Njehu A. "Prevalence of cryptosporidiosis in dairy cattle, cattle-keeping families, their non-cattle-keeping neighbours and HIV-positive.". 2012. Abstract

This paper reports a study estimating the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis, an emerging zoonosis, in people and cattle in Dagoretti, Nairobi. A repeated cross-sectional survey was carried out among randomly selected cattle keepers in Dagoretti, their dairy cattle and their non-cattle-keeping neighbours in the dry and wet seasons of 2006. A survey was also carried out among a group of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Faecal samples were examined for Cryptosporidium oocysts using the modified Ziehl–Neelsen method; 16 % of the samples were also examined using immunofluorescence antibody (IFA) technique. Quality control consisted of blind reviews of slides, examining split samples and confirming slide results with IFA. We found that members of dairy households had a dry season cryptosporidiosis prevalence of 4 % and wet season prevalence of 0.3 %, and non-dairy households, a prevalence of 5 and 0 %, respectively. The cattle dry season prevalence was 15 %, and the wet season prevalence, 11 %. The prevalence in people living with HIV was 5 %. The laboratory quality control system showed some inconsistency within and between different tests, indicating challenges in obtaining consistent results under difficult field and working conditions. In conclusion, this is the first reported study to simultaneously survey livestock, livestock keepers and their neighbours for cryptosporidiosis. We failed to find evidence that zoonotic cryptosporidiosis is important overall in this community. This study also draws attention to the importance of quality control and its reporting in surveys in developing countries.

Kang’ethe EK, Gatwiri M, Sirma AJ, Ouko EO, Mburugu-Musoti CK, Kitala PM, Nduhiu GJ, Nderitu JG, JK Mungatu, Hietaniemi V, V Joutsjoki, Korhonen HJ. "Exposure of Kenyan population to aflatoxins in foods with special reference to Nandi and Makueni counties." Food Quality and Safety. 2017;1 (2):131-137.
Kang’ethe EK, Arimi SM, O. OA, J. MDJ, J.G N. "The prevalence of antibodies to Brucella abortus in marketed milk in Kenya and its public health implications. Read at 3rd All African conference on Animal Agriculture and 11th conference of the Egypt Society of Animal product held at Alexandria .". In: 3rd All African conference on Animal Agriculture and 11th conference of the Egypt Society of Animal product. Alexandria Egypt ; 2000.
Kang’ethe SM, Wagacha PW. "Extracting Diagnosis Patterns in Electronic Medical Records using Association Rule Mining." International Journal of Computer Applications. 2014.Full Text
Kang’ethe EK, H Korhonen, KA Marimba, G Nduhiu, JK Mungatu, Okoth SA, V Joutsjoki, LW Wamae, Shalo P. "Management and mitigation of health risks associated with the occurrence of mycotoxins along the maize value chain in two counties in Kenya." Food Quality and Safety. 2017;1(4):268-274.
Kang’ethe EK, H Korhonen, KA Marimba, G Nduhiu, JK Mungatu, Okoth SA, V Joutsjoki, LW Wamae, Shalo P. "肯尼亚地区对玉米中霉菌毒素引起的健康风险的管理和降低." Food Quality and Safety. 2018;1(4):268-274.
Kang’ethe EK, H Korhonen, KA Marimba, G Nduhiu, JK Mungatu, Okoth SA, V Joutsjoki, LW Wamae. "Management and mitigation of health risks associated with the occurrence of mycotoxins along the maize value chain in two counties in Kenya." Food Quality and Safety,. 2017;1(4):268-274.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Management Of Records And Information As Part Of Learner Support Systems Paper Presented At a Workshop Of E- Content Development For University Staff, Merica Hotel Nakuru.". In: Workshop Of E- Content Development For University Staff, Merica Hotel Nakuru. au-ibar; 2003. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Analysis Of Instructional Effectiveness Of Asynchronous E-Learning Environments In Kenya. Paper presented at Winners Of The Sabbatical, Postdoctoral Fellowship And Hiv/Aids Challenge In Africa Research Grants 20-21 December,2004 Axum Hall, Addis Ababa Hil.". In: at Winners Of The Sabbatical, Postdoctoral Fellowship And Hiv/Aids Challenge In Africa Research Grants 20-21 December,2004 Axum Hall, Addis Ababa Hilton Hotel Addis Ababa,Ethiopia. au-ibar; 2004. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Mbwesa J, K(2005)Library support services for distance learners : a case study of the university of Nairobi, Kenya The Kenya Adult Educator ' A journal of Kenya adult Education Association(KAEA).". In: East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. au-ibar; 2005. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Learning for economic development : a case study of West African women and their potential replication: Seminar for the working group in on-formal education, University of Nairobi.". In: Seminar for the working group in on-formal education, University of Nairobi. au-ibar; 2000. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Mbwesa J, K(2002)Adult literacy as a determinant factor of farmer participation in agricultural extension: a case study of kibwezi Division Kenya ; The Kenya Adult Educator ' A journal of Kenya adult Education Association(KAEA).". In: Workshop Of E- Content Development For University Staff, Merica Hotel Nakuru. au-ibar; 2002. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Training Needs analysis: Steps in the Needs analysis; Essential components of a training assessment: Sources of information for training needs analysis; Methods of collecting data for need analysis; Work places as Learning organizations; Evaluation of tra.". In: The Training Workshop or Members Of Ministerial Service Reform Committee And Works Improvement Team For The Ministry Of Planning And National Development 1st - 5th November 2004 Nairobi, Kenya. au-ibar; 2004. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "A Survey Of Students.". In: The 2nd Bi-Annual Research Symposium Of The VLIR Institutional University Co-Operation And The University Of Nairobi Held At The Diani Sea Resort , South Coat , Kenya. au-ibar; 2005. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI DRMBWESAJOYCE. "Mbwesa J, K(2005)The Role Of Open And Distance Learning In Expanding The Provision And Access Of Higher Education In Kenya : Strategies And Constraints.". In: East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. au-ibar; 2005. Abstract

A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.

KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Learning for economic development : a case study of West African women and their potential replication: Seminar for the working group in on-formal education, University of Nairobi.". In: Seminar for the working group in on-formal education, University of Nairobi. au-ibar; 2000. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Factors affecting the effectiveness of adult learning: a case study of agricultural extension education in Kenya, Presented at the Center for agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart, Germany.". In: Center for agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart, Germany. au-ibar; 2002. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Tools Of Quantitative And Qualitative Research Paper Presented At a Workshop Of E- Content Development For University Staff, Merica Hotel Nakuru.". In: Workshop Of E- Content Development For University Staff, Merica Hotel Nakuru. au-ibar; 2003. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Training And Capacity Building For Performance Improvement , A Paper Presented In The Training Workshop For Members Of Ministerial Service Reform Committee And Works Improvement Team For The Ministry Of Planning And National Development.". In: The 2nd Bi-Annual Research Symposium Of The VLIR Institutional University Co-Operation And The University Of Nairobi Held At The Diani Sea Resort , South Coat , Kenya. au-ibar; 2004. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Mbwesa J, K(2005)A Survey Of Students.". In: East Centr. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci. au-ibar; 2005. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
KANINI MRMBWESAJOYCE. "Mbwesa J, K(2001)Adult learners in Higher education : The role of distance education in Kenya with special reference to the role of the faculty of External studies, University of Nairobi; The Kenya Adult Educator'A journal of Kenya Adult education Associa.". In: Center for agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart, Germany. au-ibar; 2001. Abstract
A cross sectional study of 115 patients admitted at the Department of Orthopedics, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infected wounds. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus was 33.0 %. The drugs tested and their corresponding sensitivity was amoxycillin (13.2 %), co-amoxyclav (39.5 %), oxacillin (55.3 %), erythromycin (44.7 %), gentamicin (60.5 %), ciprofloxacin (62.2 %), minocycline (86.8 %), cefuroxime (57.9 %), and clidamycin (84.2 %). These results show the sensitivity profile of Staphylococcus aureus and can be used to choose suitable drugs in the management of wounds for hospitalized patients.
Kaniu MI, Angeyo HK, Darby IG, Muia LM. "Rapid in-situ radiometric assessment of the Mrima-Kiruku high background radiation anomaly complex of Kenya." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 2017. Abstract

This paper presents the radiometric survey results of the Mrima-Kiruku high
background radiation (HBR) anomaly complex of south coastal Kenya. Utilizing a portable γ-
ray spectrometer consisting of a 2.0 l NaI (Tl) backpack detector integrated with GPS to
perform the relevant in-situ radiometric measurements, a novel geospatial gating method
was devised to represent the measurements. The goal of this study was to assess radiation
exposure and associated natural radioactivity levels in the complex and to compare the

Kaniu MI, Angeyo KH, Mwala AK, MANGALA MJ. "Direct rapid analysis of trace bioavailable soil macronutrients by chemometrics-assisted energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence and scattering spectrometry." Analytica chimica acta. 2012. AbstractWebsite

Precision agriculture depends on the knowledge and management of soil quality (SQ), which calls for affordable, simple and rapid but accurate analysis of bioavailable soil nutrients. Conventional SQ analysis methods are tedious and expensive. We demonstrate …

Kaniu I, Darby IG, Kalambuka Angeyo H. "Radiological Mapping of the Alkaline Intrusive Complex of Jombo, South Coastal Kenya by In-Situ Gamma-Ray Spectrometry.". In: EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts. Vol. 18.; 2016:. Abstract
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Kaniu MI, Angeyo KH, Darby IG, Muia LM. "Rapid in-situ radiometric assessment of the Mrima-Kiruku high background radiation anomaly complex of Kenya." J. Environ. Radioact.. 2018;188:47-57. Abstract

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Kaniu MI, Angeyo KH, MANGALA MJ,... "Feasibility for chemometric energy dispersive X‐ray fluorescence and scattering (EDXRFS) spectroscopy method for rapid soil quality assessment." X‐Ray …. 2011. AbstractWebsite

Soil quality assessment (SQA) is important for modulating agricultural productivity and thus requires simple and rapid analysis of soil (macro & micro) nutrients (here called soil quality indicators–SQIs). We report proof of concept of a chemometrics‐assisted energy dispersive …

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