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Book
D.N. Kariuki PMC. Explore Chemistry, Form 4.; Submitted.
Wanja ND, Agnèse J-F, Ford AGP, Day JJ, Ndiwa TC, Turner GF, Getahun A. Identifying and conserving Tilapiine cichlid species in the twenty-first century. Springer; 2021.
Behrens R, Dorothy McCormick, Mfinanga D. Paratransit in African Cities: Operations, Regulation and Transformation. . London: Earthscan; 2015.
editor Jesse N.K. Mugambi, editor David W. Lutz. Applied Ethics in Religion and Culture: Contextual and Global Chalenges. Nairobi: Acton; 2012.
Wasamba P, Muchiri J, DH Muchugu Kiiru(eds.). The Essay as a Handshake: Impressions on the Kenyan-Korean Interface. Nairobi: Bridging the Divide: Networking African and Korean Researchers’ Project; 2012.
Damle SG. Text Book of Paediatric Dentistry. New Dehli: Arya (Med) Publishing House; 2012.
Dulo, Wasonga. Assessment of Urban Water Supply: Case Study of Athi Town.. Lulu Publishers. ISBN- 978-1-105-09985-4; 2011.Website
Jesse N.K. Mugambi CE, Daniel M. Patte GE. Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2010.
Dulo. Solid Waste Management: Leachate Migration into Groundwater. VDM Publishing House Ltd; 2010.
Cerda C;, Diafas J;, Barkmann J;, Mburu J;, Marggraf R. WTP or WTA, or Both? Experiences from Two Choice Experiments for Early Planning Stages. In: Meyerhoff J., N. Lienhoop and P. Elsasser, eds. State Preference Methods for Environmental Valuation: Applications from Germany and Austria.; 2007. AbstractWebsite

The optimised design of project alternatives is a main challenge for the early stage of any real-world planning process. For participatory conservation planning procedures as required, e.g., by the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) Ecosystem Approach, it is essential to involve concerned stakeholders – and their values – as early as possible. We argue that the utilisation of choice experiments offers an attractive solution to the problem of an optimised design of project alternatives. In particular, we report experiences from two case studies employing choice experiments to generate policy advice. In both case studies, the necessity of dealing with the ambiguities of participatory planning processes led to the adoption of a payment vehicle format that includes WTP and WTA attribute levels. Like several other studies, we found evidence of WTP/WTA disparities that argue for reporting both values to stakeholders and administrators.

Wellington, N; Ekaya, Joseph; Gathuma M, Boniface; Makau F;, Dickson, M; Nyariki. Guidelines For Emergency Livestock Off -take Handbook.; 2005. AbstractWebsite

Kenya’s agricultural sector accounts for 20–30% of the gross domestic product (GDP). Of this, the livestock sector alone makes a contribution of about 50%. Thus, livestock contributes heavily to the GDP and food security of its population. It also provides the necessary thrust for other forms of development in the country. Recent statistics indicate that currently over 50% of the country’s livestock population is based in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), which form about 80% of the country’s land area. However, comparative international statistics show that livestock contributes 88% of the total agricultural output in Botswana even though the country has half Kenya’s livestock population and is of less agricultural potential. Thus, there is a huge potential contribution that livestock can make to the Kenyan national economy. Unfortunately, this sector receives only 10% of the government’s agricultural expenditure and less than one per cent of total spending, yet it is estimated that Kenya’s potential to export livestock products if adequately exploited would earn more than the earnings from tea and coffee combined. This then calls for new thinking about livestock development strategies to harness the arid landsThe livestock sector accounts for 90% of employment and more than 95% of household incomes in the ASALs. Most of the livestock slaughtered in major urban centres originates in these areas, with an annual slaughter of about 1.6 million Tropical Livestock Units. Kenya’s livestock from the ASALs is worth Kshs 60 billion (US$800 million). The internal livestock trade in trade in thepastoral areas alone nets in about 6 billion shillings (US$80 million )a yearIn the arid areas of the ASALs, arable crop production is not possible without some form of irrigation; while in semi-arid areas rainfall may be sufficient for certain types of crops, requiring special management techniques. Therefore, except for the areaunder cropping, the rest of the arid areas is used for livestock......

Joseph; Gathuma M, Dickson, M; Nyariki, Wellington, N; Ekaya, Boniface; Makau F;. Guidelines For Emergency Livestock Off -take Handbook.; 2005. AbstractWebsite

Kenya’s agricultural sector accounts for 20–30% of the gross domestic product (GDP). Of this, the livestock sector alone makes a contribution of about 50%. Thus, livestock contributes heavily to the GDP and food security of its population. It also provides the necessary thrust for other forms of development in the country. Recent statistics indicate that currently over 50% of the country’s livestock population is based in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), which form about 80% of the country’s land area. However, comparative international statistics show that livestock contributes 88% of the total agricultural output in Botswana even though the country has half Kenya’s livestock population and is of less agricultural potential. Thus, there is a huge potential contribution that livestock can make to the Kenyan national economy. Unfortunately, this sector receives only 10% of the government’s agricultural expenditure and less than one per cent of total spending, yet it is estimated that Kenya’s potential to export livestock products if adequately exploited would earn more than the earnings from tea and coffee combined. This then calls for new thinking about livestock development strategies to harness the arid landsThe livestock sector accounts for 90% of employment and more than 95% of household incomes in the ASALs. Most of the livestock slaughtered in major urban centres originates in these areas, with an annual slaughter of about 1.6 million Tropical Livestock Units. Kenya’s livestock from the ASALs is worth Kshs 60 billion (US$800 million). The internal livestock trade in trade in thepastoral areas alone nets in about 6 billion shillings (US$80 million )a yearIn the arid areas of the ASALs, arable crop production is not possible without some form of irrigation; while in semi-arid areas rainfall may be sufficient for certain types of crops, requiring special management techniques. Therefore, except for the areaunder cropping, the rest of the arid areas is used for livestock.......

Clark OH, Duh Q-Y, Kebebew E. Textbook of endocrine surgery. WB Saunders Company; 2005. Abstract
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and D.N. Kariuki PMCAMN. Explore Chemistry, Form 3.; 2004.
Kioko UM, Guthrie T, Lara G, Sumbana H, Phororo H, Kerapeletswe C, Fairstein C, Valdes A, Sotomayor J, Darce D. Funding the fight: Budgeting for HIV/AIDS in Developing Countries. ISBN 1-919798-71-4, . Idasa, Cape Town; 2004.
D.N. Kariuk i, J.Kithinji PMCAMN. . Explore Chemistry, Form 1.; 2003.
and D.N. Kariuki PMCAMN. Explore Chemistry, Form 2.; 2003.
Dequan S. “Get Top Results on Your IELTS and Get into the College of Your Choice”. Tianjin: Tianjin Science and Technology Press ; 2003.
Dequan S. “An Analysis on Exams of English Intensive and Extensive Reading”, . Tianjin: Tianjin University Press ; 1999.
Dequan S. “A Guide to Top Results on English Grammar” . Tianjin: Tianjin University Press; 1998.
Dequan S. “A Guide to Top Results on English Reading” . Tianjin: Tianjin University Press; 1998.
Dequan S. “Grammar of College English” . Tianjin: Tianjin Science and Technology Press; 1998.
D.N.B. NGASSAPA, Hassanali J., P. AMWAYI, Guthua SW. Essentials of Orofacial Anatomy. Dar-es-Salaam: Dar-es-Salaam University Press; 1997.
Dequan S. “Listening Courses of English Broadcasts”. Tianjin: Tianjin Science and Technology Press; 1997.
Oluoch Kosura, W; Michieka RW;, Muchiri G;, Dibbits HJ. Ox-drawn equipment development in Kenya..; 1996. AbstractWebsite

Recent efforts to develop ox-drawn equipment in Kenya arise out of the dilemma caused by unsuccessful efforts to promote tractors. The country has a number of about 10 000 tractors cultivating about 600 000 ha in the large-farm sector and 42 000 ha in the small-farm sector. The tractor market has slowed down to less than 1000 a year. The failure of tractor mechanization in small-scale farming coupled with the lack of ox-drawn equipment means that about 84% of smallholdings is using hand tools. In 1975, a workshop concluded that expanded ox-cultivation has a major part to play in increased agricultural production. After 4 years, the first 3 stages of development of ox-drawn equipment were accomplished. Aspects of local manufacture, training, extension and marketing are discussed.

Muchiri, G; W; Michieka RW;, Dibbits HJ, Dibbits HJ, Oluoch Kosura. Ox-drawn equipment development in Kenya..; 1996. AbstractWebsite

Recent efforts to develop ox-drawn equipment in Kenya arise out of the dilemma caused by unsuccessful efforts to promote tractors. The country has a number of about 10 000 tractors cultivating about 600 000 ha in the large-farm sector and 42 000 ha in the small-farm sector. The tractor market has slowed down to less than 1000 a year. The failure of tractor mechanization in small-scale farming coupled with the lack of ox-drawn equipment means that about 84% of smallholdings is using hand tools. In 1975, a workshop concluded that expanded ox-cultivation has a major part to play in increased agricultural production. After 4 years, the first 3 stages of development of ox-drawn equipment were accomplished. Aspects of local manufacture, training, extension and marketing are discussed.

Dequan S. “Modern Chinese Dictionary of International Trade”. Tianjin: China Railway Press ; 1995.
Denga FO;, Ongwenyi GS;, Kitheka JU;, Gichuki FN;, Mungai DN;, Thomas DB. Erosion and sedimentation problems in the arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya..; 1993. AbstractWebsite

This paper examine past and present trends in the development of Kenyan water resources, and the status of Kenya's arid and semi-arid lands. It considers the parameters linked with soil erosion and sedimentation processes and suggests means of combating the problem.

Mungai DN;, Denga, F. O; Ongwenyi GS;, Gichuki FN;, Kitheka JU;, Kitheka JU;, Gachene CKK;, Thomas DB. Erosion and sedimentation problems in the arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya..; 1993. AbstractWebsite

This paper examine past and present trends in the development of Kenyan water resources, and the status of Kenya's arid and semi-arid lands. It considers the parameters linked with soil erosion and sedimentation processes and suggests means of combating the problem.

Book Chapter
GARG NISHA, GARG AMIT, DIENYA DRTOMMBOYA. "Chapter 11---Text Book of Operative Dentistry."; 2020.
GARG NISHA, GARG AMIT, DIENYA DRTOMMBOYA. "Chapter 8: Text Book of Endodontics."; 2020.
Zalasiewicz J, Waters CN, Williams M, Summerhayes CP, Odada E, Wagreich M, Draganits E, Edgewor M. "7 The Stratigraphic Boundary of the Anthropocene.". In: The Anthropocene as a Geological Time Unit: A Guide to the Scientific Evidence and Current Debate. Cambridge University Press; 2019. Abstract

Here we outline the basis on which a formal proposal should be made for potential inclusion of the Anthropocene in the Geological Time Scale, examining the scale and rate of human change to the Earth System to help recognise the point at which anthropogenic impacts became of sufficient scale to allow discrimination of the Anthropocene as a geological unit. This examination covers such factors as impacts from early hominin species, the first human artefacts, early ecosystem modification through agriculture, deforestation, the domestication of animals, urbanisation, metal mining and smelting and early globalisation. The Industrial Revolution, starting in the UK in the 18th century, and the global Great Acceleration of the mid-20th century, are investigated, as both provide popular narratives that explain the Earth System changes indicative of the Anthropocene, with the latter producing the near-synchronous stratigraphic signals most consistent with an effective geological time boundary. We assess which hierarchical level–age, epoch, period, era or eon–seems most suitable for the Anthropocene, and suggest that epoch (= series) level is conservative and appropriate. The Anthropocene might be defined via a Global Standard Stratigraphic Age or a Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point, with the latter being most appropriate. Finally, we assess the kinds of geological environments, including anoxic marine basins, annually banded coral and bivalve skeletons, estuaries and deltas, lake floors, peat mires, anthropogenic deposits, polar ice, speleothems and tree rings, in which such a physical reference level might be placed.

A.W N, J.A O, D.O O, S C. "Khat (Catha edulis) Addiction, effects on general body health and interventional remedial measures.". In: Drug Abuse: Addiction and Recovery Volume 1 Chapter 4. Open access e-books; 2019.
Djurfeldt AA, Dzanku FM, Isinika AC. "Technology Use, Gender, and Impact of Non-Farm Income on Agricultural Investment: An Empirical Analysis of Maize Production in Two Regions of Kenya.". In: Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa: Longitudinal Perspectives from Six Countries. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press; 2018.
Derese S, Guantai EM, Yaouba S, Kuete V. "Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae).". In: Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa. London: Elsevier Academic Press; 2017.
Dominic O'iO, Jemimah OA. "Overview of governmental support across Africa towards the development and growth of herbal medicine .". In: Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa: Therapeutic Potential against Metabolic, Inflammatory and Infectious Diseases. London: Elsevier; 2017.
Olago D, WoldeGabriel G, Dindi E, Owor M. "Genesis of the East African Rift System.". In: Soda Lakes of East Africa. Springer, Cham; 2016. Abstract

The East African Rift System (EARS) started in Late Oligocene to Early Miocene time and gradually propagated southwards from the Afar Depression, beginning in the Middle Miocene. The hot, low-density mantle material of the Afar Plume heated the overlying lithosphere, causing thinning, regional doming, and the earliest basaltic volcanism in southern Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, the Afar Depression, the Main Ethiopian Rift, and the broadly rifted zone of southwestern Ethiopia represent the northern segment of the EARS.

In the Kenyan sector of the EARS, uplift and doming also gave rise to the Kenya Dome. The radial flow patterns of the initial phonolites provide evidence for doming. Another important observation is that the rift geometry was greatly influenced by pre-existing structures of the underlying Mozambique Mobile Belt. Rifting proceeded through alternating episodes of volcanism and tectonics. Crossing into Tanzania, the influence of the neighbouring Tanzania Craton becomes evident. Here, the rift is expressed only in the northern part, splaying out in diverging half-graben valleys that are outside the Kenya Dome.

Large boundary faults and opposing flexural margins, producing mobile asymmetrical full and half-graben basins that are individually linked along the rift axis, mark the Western Rift Valley. These basins are frequently occupied by elongate and narrow lakes (largely freshwater) separated by accommodation zones and containing significant hydrocarbon resources especially in the Albertine Graben. Small to large lakes existed in the EARS during the Plio–Pleistocene. Lakes in the Western Rift are large and deep, whereas those in the Kenya, Main Ethiopian, and Afar Rifts are generally small and shallow. Geological records indicate that the lakes sensitively responded to orbital forcing as well as to local, regional, and global climatic, environmental, and tectonic changes, resulting in fluctuating lake sizes and even desiccation.

G. WG, D. O, Dindi E, Owor M. "Genesis of the East African Rift System.". In: Genesis of the East African Rift System. Springer; 2016. Abstract

The East African Rift System (EARS) started in Late Oligocene to Early Miocene time and gradually propagated southwards from the Afar Depression, beginning in the Middle Miocene. The hot, low-density mantle material of the Afar Plume heated the overlying lithosphere, causing thinning, regional doming, and the earliest basaltic volcanism in southern Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, the Afar Depression, the Main Ethiopian Rift, and the broadly rifted zone of southwestern Ethiopia represent the northern segment of the EARS. In the Kenyan sector of the EARS, uplift and doming also gave rise to the Kenya Dome. The radial flow patterns of the initial phonolites provide evidence for doming. Another important observation is that the rift geometry was greatly influenced by pre-existing structures of the underlying Mozambique Mobile Belt. Rifting proceeded through alternating episodes of volcanism and tectonics. Crossing into Tanzania, the influence of the neighbouring Tanzania Craton becomes evident. Here, the rift is expressed only in the northern part, splaying out in diverging half-graben valleys that are outside the Kenya Dome. Large boundary faults and opposing flexural margins, producing mobile asymmetrical full and half-graben basins that are individually linked along the rift axis, mark the Western Rift Valley. These basins are frequently occupied by elongate and narrow lakes (largely freshwater) separated by accommodation zones and containing significant hydrocarbon resources especially in the Albertine Graben. Small to large lakes existed in the EARS during the Plio–Pleistocene. Lakes in the Western Rift are large and deep, whereas those in the Kenya, Main Ethiopian, and Afar Rifts are generally small and shallow. Geological records indicate that the lakes sensitively responded to orbital forcing as well as to local, regional, and global climatic, environmental, and tectonic changes, resulting in fluctuating lake sizes and even desiccation.

Makanya AN, Djonov V. "Prenatal and Postnatal Development of the Blood-gas Barrier.". In: The Vertebrate Blood-Gas Barrier in Health and Disease: Structure, Development and Remodeling. New York: Springer; 2015:.
Derese S. "Seed, Foster, Believe, Dream and Act. Capacity Building in Kenya by Novartis Global Discovery Chemistry, Seeding Labs, the International Activities Committee, and the Computers in Chemistry Division of the ACS between 2010−2014.". In: ACS Symposium Series Vol 1195. Amercian Chemical Society; 2015. Abstract

Novartis initiated a Fellows program for African academic scientists in 2010 in partnership with Seeding Labs, providing a 9 week-long industrial immersion experience at the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research (NIBR) in Cambridge Massachusetts. Through their scientific projects and activities, the Fellows explored new laboratory techniques and improved their scientific communication and grant writing skills. A primary aim of the program was to influence the Fellows’ time in the NIBR laboratories into promoting research of potential utility to their scientific and teaching activities on returning home to their academic institutions, thus building strength in scientific capacity in Africa. As chemistry is an essential discipline in the drug-discovery process, it has been an area of focus for several visiting African Fellows and their NIBR scientific mentors. In particular, computational chemistry has minimal laboratory requirements and is ideally suited as an area for scientific capacity building in Africa. In addition, extending drug-discovery capabilities in African laboratories to assist natural products research is of interest, particularly concerning development of treatments for malaria, tuberculosis, HIV and, of recent concern, the West African Ebola outbreak. An ACS International Activities Committee Global Innovation Grant, granted in 2012 added financial momentum to this capacity building project, spurring our efforts in capturing a Canadian Grand Challenges award and the pursuit of funding from IUPAC. In 2014, this initiative reached two significant milestones, creation of its first job, a computational chemistry academic faculty position in Kenya, and the launch of an in-silico database of Kenyan natural products named Mitishamba.

Opondo OE, D.Kaulemu. "C.A. Mumma-Martinon.". In: Catholic Church Leadership in Peace Building in Africa. Paulines Publications Africa; 2014.
Clet Wandui Masiga, Abdalla Mohamed, Sarah Osama, Abigail Ngugi, Dan Kiambi, Santie de Villiers, Ngugi K, Mugoya C, Rasha Ali. "Enhanced Utilization of Biotechnology Research and Development Innovations in Eastern and Central Africa for Agro-ecological Intensification.". In: Enhanced Utilization of BiotechnologyResearch and Development Innovationsin Eastern and Central Africafor Agro-ecological Intensification. Entebe: Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA); 2014.masiga_et_al_2014_enhanced_use_of_biotechnology_in_eca.pdf
Benit-Gbaffou C, Dubresson A, Fourchard L, Ginisty K, Jaglin S, Olukoju A, Owuor S, Vivet J. " Exploring the role of party politics in the governance of African cities. In S. Baker & L. Fourchard (eds.), Politics and Policies: Governing."; 2013.
Kinuthia BK, Dietz T. "A Comparison of the Industrial Policies and Outcomes in Kenya and Malaysia.". In: Asian Tigers, African Lions: Comparing the Development Performance of Southeast Asia and Africa. Brill; 2013.
W O-K, F.M O, D K, W MA. "Dr. Dora C. Kilalo - publication.". In: Ecosystem Services and Carbon Sequestration in the Biosphere. Dordrecht: Springer Science; 2013.
Mulwa JK, Kimata F, Duong NA. "Seismic hazards in Kenya.". In: Developments in Earth Surface Processes. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V.; 2013. Abstract

The East African Rift System (EARS), and by extension the Davie Ridge, which is considered as the seaward extension of eastern branch (Kenya Rift Valley) of the East African Rift Valley (Mougenot et al., 1986), are characterized by divergence whose maximum rate is estimated to be about 7 mm/year (Chase, 1978). This rate of divergence is somewhat much slower than that found at most active mid-ocean ridges, or even the convergence of India-Burma plates or that between the Australian-Sunda plates (Stein and Okal, 2006). Despite this slow rate of divergence, the East African Rift Valley and the Davie Ridge are characterized by frequent seismicity with large and shallow earthquakes occurring occasionally.

Seismic reflection, gravity and magnetic data from offshore East Africa allow the Davie Fracture Zone to be traced from 11°S to its intersection with the Kenyan coast at 2°S, constraining the relative motion of Madagascar and Africa (Coffin and Rabinowitz, 1987). Further, numerous faults and fractures probably associated with the Davie fracture have been mapped using recent gravity and magnetic data between latitudes 2o21'S and 3o03'S and longitudes 40o08'E and 40o45'E by Gippsland Offshore Petroleum Limited (2009). Seasat-derived free air gravity anomalies and slope/rise positive magnetic anomalies observed in shipboard data help to locate the continent-ocean boundaries (COB) off the shore of East Africa and Madagascar.
Furthermore, the East African Rift System, and precisely the Kenya Rift Valley is characterized by ~3 km thick sediments and normal faulting mechanism. Deformation has been active along the Kenya Rift valley as evidenced by high seismic activity. Surface deformation studies from SAR Interferometry in the southern sector of the Kenya rift valley in Magadi show that it is characterized by 14 cm of deformation over 10 km long stretches (Kuria et al., in press). If the Davie ridge is an extension of the East African Rift Valley, we cannot rule out the occurrence of tsunami generating earthquakes, which are bound to have devastating consequences on the eastern coast of Africa.

Earthquakes as deep as 40 km have been recorded below Davie Ridge (Grimison and Chen, 1988). However, evaluation of recent seismic data shows that magnitude 6.0 – 7.2 earthquakes at relatively shallow depths of 10 - 30 km are a common occurrence along the Kenya Rift Valley and the Davie Ridge in the Mozambique channel. The focal mechanism of these earthquakes supports what has previously been proposed that the Davie Ridge is a southward extension of the eastern arm of the East African Rift System. The earthquake focal mechanism indicates that the Davie ridge is characterized by predominantly normal faulting with occasional obligue faulting. Consequently, Kenya and generally the East African coast are prone to both seismic hazards on land as well as tsunami generating earthquakes.
Chapter 19 begins with general overview of the seismicity in Kenya from 1900s’ to present. Seismcity in Kenya up to 1963 is mainly based on macroseismic data while that from 1963 to present is based on data from instrumental recordings. In the past, a number of microseismic and seismicity studies in Kenya have previously been undertaken and the results from these studies are rather disjointed. In this chapter, we have made an attempt to merge all the existing results into one database from which the general seismicity, and subsequently seismic hazard in Kenya has been evaluated. The main goal of this chapter is to bring into focus the area(s) in Kenya more prone to seismic hazards either due to ground shaking occasioned by an earthquake or due to tsunami as a result of earthquakes occurring along the Davie ridge.

Dr. Oduor J. "“The Anticipated Benefits of Multilingualism in Education in Kenya” .". In: Africa: Challenges of Multilingualism. Africa: Peter Lang - International Academic Publishers; 2013.
Nganga W. "Building Swahili Resource Grammars for the Grammatical Framework." In: Diana Santos, Krister Linden WN, ed. Shall We Play the Festschrift Game? Essays on the Occasion of Lauri Carlson’s 60th Birthday. Springer; 2012:. Abstract

Grammatical Framework (GF) is a multilingual parsing and generation framework. In this paper, we describe the development of the Swahili Resource Grammar, a first in extending GF’s coverage with a Bantu language. The paper details the linguistic detail and considerations that have to be addressed whilst defining the grammars. The paper also describes an end-user application that uses the developed grammars to achieve multilinguality.

Yanda P, Wandiga S, Kangalawe R, Opondo M, Olago D, Githeko A, Downs T, Robert Kabumbuli, Opere A, Githui F, Kathuri J, Olaka L, Apindi E, Marshall M, Ogallo L, Mugambi P, Kirumira E, Nanyunja R, Baguma T, Sigalla R, Achola P. "Climate, Malaria and Cholera in the Lake Victoria Region: Adapting to Changing Risks.". In: Climate Change and Adaptation. Routledge; 2012. Abstract

In the East African countries, malaria is ranked as the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in both children and adults. It causes about 40,000 infant deaths in Kenya each year; in Uganda annual cases of malaria range between 6 to 7 million, with 6500 to 8500 fatalities, and in Tanzania the annual death toll is between 70,000 and 125,000 and accounts for 19 per cent of health expenditure (De Savigny et al, 2004a and b). In the case of cholera, the first epidemic in Africa was reported as far back as 1836 (Rees, 2000). Major outbreaks were next reported in 1970 and affected West Africa (Guinea), the horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan) and Kenya (Waiyaki, 1996). The most severe cholera outbreak on the African continent was in 1998, accounting for more than 72 per cent of the global total number of cholera cases and acutely affecting the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Cholera outbreaks in East Africa have been reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1972. In the Lake Victoria region of East Africa both malaria and cholera are common, with malaria endemic in the lowlands and epidemic in the highland areas and cholera endemic in the basin since the early 1970s (Rees, 2000).

Daniel A,(eds) JOTK-N’ang’aA. "Foreign Direct Investment and Export Performance of Kenyan Manufacturing Firms.". In: Trade Discourse in Kenya: Some Topical Issues. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2012.
Daniel, and Olungah A. "Women’s Indigenous Knowledge in Household Food Security.". In: The Case of Mulili Sub-location, Eastern Keny. Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing; 2012.
"Njiraine D", D.N" O", " Onyancha B". "Indigenous knowledge research in Kenya and South Africa: an informetrics study.". In: Research issues in Information Studies in a changing local and global environment: Some African perspectives. Saarbrücken (Germany): Lambert Academic Publishing; 2011.
Chung MH;, Drake AL;, Richardson BA;, Reddy A;, Thiga J;, Sakr SR;, Kiarie JN;, Yowakim P;, Stewart GJC. "Impact of Prior HAART Use on Clinical Outcomes in a Large Kenyan HIV Treatment Program."; 2009.
A B, K KP, Nafula N, DK M. "The Decline in Primary School Enrolment in Kenya.". In: Economic reforms in developing countries.; 2008.
Dr. OLOO ADAMS in Kibua, Thomas and Mwabu Germano(eds.). "Devolution and Democratic Governance.". In: Decentralization and Devolution in Kenya. NAIROBI: University of Nairobi Press; 2008.
Hoa TTC, Depicker A, Ghoshi K, Amugune N, Phap PD, Hai TN, Andow DA. "Transgene Expression and Locus Structure. In: Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms.". In: Transgene Expression and Locus Structure. UK: CAB International, Wallingford; 2008.
Berson DM. "Retinal {Ganglion} {Cell} {Types} and {Their} {Central} {Projections}." In: Masland RH, Albright TD, Dallos P, Oertel D, Firestein S, Beauchamp GK, Bushnell CM, Basbaum AI, Kaas JH, Gardner EP, eds. The {Senses}: {A} {Comprehensive} {Reference}. New York: Academic Press; 2008:. Abstract

Ganglion cells are the only retinal neurons communicating directly with the brain. It is well known that mammalian ganglion cells comprise more than a dozen types, clearly distinguishable from one another in structure and function. Each type also appears to send axons to a distinctive subset of the many central visual nuclei receiving direct retinal input. The implication is that each ganglion cell type forms a specialized channel sculpted by evolutionary pressures to fulfill specific visual functions. Though the outlines of this perspective have been clear for decades, many essential details are lacking. The goal of this chapter is to summarize the state of knowledge about where retinal axons are distributed in the brain and which types of ganglion cells contribute to these pathways. The primary focus is on ganglion cell types that appear to be conserved across mammalian phylogeny.

David B, David N, Mary K, Francisca O-O, Abdulreshid A, John M, Benson G. "Alcohol and other Substance Related Disorders Chapter 35.". In: The African Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry and Mental Health. Nairobi: AMREF; 2007.
Dorothy MC, Kimuyu P. "Business Systems Theory: An African Perspective.". In: Business in Kenya: Institutions and Interactions. University of Nairobi Press; 2007.
Dr. OLOO ADAMS in Godwin Murunga, and Shadrack Nasongo(eds.). "The Contemporary Opposition in Kenya: Between Internal Traits and State Manipulation.". In: : The Struggle for Democracy. LONDON: UK: ZED Books; 2007.
and Dr. OLOO ADAMS in Charton, H. M(eds.)C. "Contested Terrain: The Politics of Citizenship and Constitutionalism in Kenya.". In: L’Afrique Orientale: Annuaire 2005. NAIROBI: IFRA; 2007.
Dorothy McCormick, Raphael Kaplinsky, Morris M. "The Impact of China on Sub Saharan Africa.". In: Global Markets and Local Responses: The Changing Institutions in the Lake Victoria Fish Cluster"Clusters in Africa: Pattern, Practice and Policy for Innovation. Tokyo: United Nations University Press. Tokyo: United Nations University Press; 2007. Abstract

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Njeri KM, Dorothy MC. "Industrializing Kenya: Building the Productive Capacity of Micro and Small Enterprise Clusters in McCormick.". In: Industrial Clusters and Innovation in Africa, Institutions, Markets and Policy. Tokyo: United Nations University Press; 2007.
and Dr. OLOO ADAMS in P. Wanyande, M. OC(eds.)L. "Minority Rights and Transitional Politics in Kenya.". In: Governance and Transition Politics in Kenya. NAIROBI: University of Nairobi Press; 2007.
E.Odada, D.Olago. "Sediment impacts in Africa's transboundary lake/river basins: Case study of the East African Great Lakes." London: Taylor and Francis Ltd; 2007. Abstract

The current population pressure, inappropriate cultivation practices, forest removal and high grazing intensities on forests, wetlands, rangelands and marginal agricultural lands leads to unwanted sediment and stream flow changes that mainly impacts the downstream human and natural communities. Forests and bush are cleared, and wetlands are encroached to create space for human settlement, roads construction and to satisfy wood fuel energy demands. Similarly, pastoral areas are subjected to growing human and livestock populations, leading to land degradation, soil erosion and to an increase in the load of non-point pollutants. Landscape disturbance over many decades, and the resulting increase in soil erosion and sedimentation is the dominant cause of the ongoing eutrophication in many of the lakes in eastern Africa. Increased sedimentation in the rivers and lakes has many impacts. For example, it has altered some aquatic habitats and communities, contributed to increasing eutrophication, abetted the proliferation of algal blooms and water hyacinth reduced the amount of dissolved oxygen, etc. This paper outlines some of the problems created by increased sedimentation within the East African Great Lakes basin, and provides some possible solutions to the mitigation of sediment flux through integrated sediment management approaches.

Keywords: deforestation; erosion; agriculture; eutrophication; ecosystem change; conservation

Dr. OLOO ADAMS in Njogu, K. and Herve Maupeu(eds.)H. "Song and Politics: The Case of D. Owino Misiani.". In: Songs and Politics in Eastern Africa. Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers; 2007.
Dorothy MC, Kimuyu P, Kinyanjui M. "The Textile and Garments’ Sector: Global Players with Local Struggles.". In: Business in Kenya: Institutions and Interactions. University of Nairobi Press; 2007.
Njeri KM, Dorothy McCormick, Kimuyu P. "Textiles and Clothing : Global players and Local Struggles.". In: African Business System. Nairobi: Nairobi University Press; 2007.
Njeri KM, McCormick, Dorothy, P. K. "Textiles and Clothing : Global players and Local Struggles.". In: Business in Kenya, Institutions and interactions. Nairobi: University of Nairobi press; 2007.
Daw N. "Mechanisms of {Plasticity} in the {Visual} {Cortex}.". In: Visual {Development}. Springer US; 2006:. Abstract
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Uwakwe R, Dhadphale M, editor Ndetei, D.M., Nakasujja N, Maru HM, Musisi S. "Old Age and Mental Health."; 2006.
DK M, Mariara JK. "Poverty and Antipoverty Measures in Kenya.". In: Proceedings of The National Workshop on Poverty and Policy in Kenya. University of Nairobi Press; 2006.
Dr. OLOO ADAMS in Rok Ajulu(ed.). "The East African Legislative Assembly and the National Assemblies of Partner States: Conflict or Harmony.". In: The Making of a Region: The Revival of the East African Community. SOUTH AFRICA: Institute for Global Dialogue; 2005.
Coughlin P, Jafta R, Ikiara M, DK M. "Globalization, technological imperatives, and labor relations in Mozambique: Comparisons with Kenya, Malaysia and South Africa.". In: Labor Relations in Mozambique: Law, Praxis & Economic Implications with International Comparisons. Maputo: EconPolicy Research Group, Ltd; 2005.
Djonov V, Makanya AN. "New insights into intussusceptive angiogenesis. In: Mechanisms of Angiogenesis.". In: Mechanisms of Angiogenesis . Vol. XIV.; 2005:.
Mwabu G, M.S K, Kimalu PK, Nafula NN, DK M. "Predicting Rural Household Poverty: Methodological Issues and the PRSP Process in Kenya.". In: Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction Policies.; 2005.
and Dr. OLOO ADAMS in Maupeu H., Katumanga M. M(eds.)W. "The Raila Factor in Luoland.". In: The Moi Succession: Elections 2002. NAIROBI: Transafrica Press; 2005.
Baldygal TJ, Miller SN, Driese KL, Gichaba MC. "Using Landsat Imagery to Analyse Land Cover Change in the Njoro Watershed, Kenya.". In: XX International Grassland Congress: Offered Papers. Wageningen- Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2005. Abstract

Keywords: land cover, remote sensing, Landsat

INTRODUCTION

In developing nations where resources are scarce and increased population pressures create stress on available resources. methods are needed to examine effects of human migration and resultant changes in land cover. Widespread availability and low cost of remotely sensed imagery and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are making such methods a reality to develop quantitative resource mapping and land cover change detection in developing nations (Sheng et al.. l997). However, difficulties arise in tropical regions When trying to analyse traditional vegetation bands (Bands 3 and 4). or indices such as NDVI because saturated pixels limit spectral distinction.

DK M, Mwabu G, Kimenyi MS. "Does Education Pay Dividend? Earnings and Returns to Education in Kenya.". In: Communicating Development Research Highlights.; 2004.
Njeri KM, McCormick, Dorothy. "E-Commerce in the Garment in the Garment Industry in Kenya: A Preliminary Review of Usage, Obstacles and policies.". In: Clothing and Footwear in Africa industrialization. Johannesburg: Africa Institute of South Africa; 2004.
Njeri KM, McCormick, Dorothy. "Industrializing Kenya: Building the Productive Capacity of Micro and Small Enterprise Clusters .". In: SEPT Working Paper. Leipzig: University of LEIPZIG; 2004.
Njeri KM, Ligulu, Peter, McCormick, Dorothy. "Policy and Footwear in Kenya in McCormick.". In: Clothing and Footwear in Africa industrialization. Johannesburg: Africa Institute of South Africa; 2004.
DK M, Kayizzi-Mugerwa S. "Incentive Structure and Efficiency in the Kenyan Civil Service.". In: Reforming Africa’s Institutions: Ownership, Incentives, and Capabilities. Helsinki: The United Nations University; 2003.
D MN, Ogutu O. "Chap.3 Integrating: Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) into Maternal Child Health Services: .". In: 16. Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Training Curriculum. Population Council Publication; 2002.
Dr. OLOO ADAMS co-authored with Walter Oyugi in Said Adejumobi and Abdalla Bujra(eds.). "The Democratization Process in Kenya: Prospects and Obstacles.". In: Breaking Barriers, Creating New Hopes: Democracy, Civil Society and Good Governance in Africa. ADDIS ABABA: DPMF; 2002.
Dr. OLOO ADAMS co-authored with Winnie Mitullah in Lawrence Mute and Smokin Wanjala(eds.). "The Legislature and Constitutionalism in Kenya.". In: the Constitution begins to Flower. NAIROBI: Claripress; 2002.
DK M, Bigsten A, Kimuyu P. "Wage Determination in the Kenyan Manufacturing Sector.". In: Structure and Performance of Manufacturing in Kenya. McMillan; 2002.
Dr. OLOO ADAMS co-authored with Marcel Rutten, Alamin Mazrui and Francois Grignon(eds.). "Patronizing the Incumbent: Kalenjin Unity in the 1997 Kenyan elections.". In: Out For The Count: The 1997 Elections and Prospects for Democracy in Kenya. UGANDA: Fountain Publishers; 2001.
D.K K. "Water Quality Analysis."; 2001.
and Dr. OLOO ADAMS co-authored with Grignon, F. M(eds)H. "From FORD-Kenya to National Development Party: Political Mobilization in Luoland.". In: L’Afrique Orientale. PARIS: IFRA; 2000.
Case
Conference Paper
DR. ANYANGO BEATRICE. "Enviromental Risk Assesment of Genetically Modified Organisms.Vol. 2. Methodologies for Assesing Bt.Cotton in Brazil .. CAB International, Wallingford , UK .". In: Royal Botanic Gardens , Kew , England. El-Banhawy, E. M.; Submitted. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
Feldmann S, Gangishetty M, Bravić I, Neumann T, Peng B, Winkler T, Friend RH, Monserrat B, Congreve DN, Deschler F. "Exciton localization in doped perovskite nanocrystals enhances intrinsic radiative recombination.". In: Physical Chemistry of Semiconductor Materials and Interfaces XX. Vol. 11799. International Society for Optics and Photonics; 2021:. Abstract
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DK M, Mutegi R, Kipruto S, Muriithi M, Oleche OM, Mwabu G, YOUNGER SD. " Inequality trends and diagnostics in Kenya," Working Paper, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics."; 2020.
F.M M, D.O M, Gitau. A.N. "Modelling and Prediction of Drying Kinetics in a Hybrid Solar Desiccant Drier.". In: Kenya Society of Environmental, Biological and Agricultural Engineers Annual Conference. Nairobi, Kenya; 2019.
Dulo. "Onset and Cessation of Rainfall in East Africa.". In: NBCBN training Workshop. Dar es Salaam University; 2019.
Kanoti J, Olago D, Opiyo N, Nyamai C, Dulo SI, Taylor R. "Characterisation of geogenic controls on groundwater quality in a volcano-sedimentary aquifer in Kenya using graphical and statistical methods.". In: 46th IAH Congress. Malaga, Spain; 2019. Abstractcontribution.pdf

Geogenic controls on groundwater quality are often dominant but remain inadequately characterized for many aquifer systems. The volcano-sedimentary aquifer of Kisumu (Kenya) is used widely to provide safe water to the informal settlements and acts as a strategic, supplementary supply to the city during interruptions in service from the main piped water supply network drawing from Lake Victoria. Little is known, however, of the geogenic controls on groundwater quality in the Kisumu aquifer. We characterize the origin and composition of solutes in groundwaters sampled from the Kisumu aquifer using a range of techniques. Classical graphical methods (i.e. Durov, Piper, Schoeller, Stiff and Ternary plots) were used as interpretative tools of the main hydrogeochemical processes whereas principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) methods were used to assess hydrochemical variations and water types. An agglomeration schedule with five cluster solutions and between-groups linkage method of clustering using the squared Euclidian distance was employed. Variables were standardized to z-scores so that each variable contributed equally to the clusters. The study identifies three main groundwater geochemical signatures in the Kisumu study area: cation exchange (Ca-Na, Ca-Mg) between aqueous and solid phases, the chemistry of recharge water, and groundwater mixing. The concentration of major ions in groundwater varies with geology and also seasonally. The dominant water facies is Na-Ca-HCO3 type; other hydrochemical facies include Ca-Mg-HCO3 and Na-HCO3. Hydrochemical plots suggest that dissolution of carbonates and halite are the other major chemical processes, in addition to cation exchange, that control the groundwater chemistry in the Kisumu aquifer. Hierarchical cluster analysis of the main cations and anions discriminated satisfactorily the various water types in the study area.

Sorensen, Olago, D. O., Dulo, Kanoti, Gaye, Faye, Pouye, Owor. "Real-time indication of faecally contaminated drinking water with fluorescence spectroscopy: towards understanding the causation.". In: 10th International Groundwater Quality Conference (GQ 2019). Liège, Belgium; 2019.
Guo K, Deng L, Peng B. "Magnetic-Biased Spin-Phonon Coupling in Ferromagnetic Few-layer CrI\_3.". In: 第二十届全国光散射学术会议 (CNCLS 20) 论文摘要集.; 2019. Abstract
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Dulo, Olago, D. O., Kanoti. "Ground water supply and sanitation challenges in developing countries: Case studies from Kenya.". In: International Association of Hydrogeologisy (IAH) Congress . Daejeon, Korea; 2018.
Olago D, Verschuren D, Daele MV, Wolff C, Waldmann N. "ICDP project DeepCHALLA: reconstructing East African climate change and environmental history over the past 250,000 years.". In: 19th EGU General Assembly, EGU2017. Vienna, Austria; 2017. Abstract

Sediments on the bottom of Lake Challa, a 92-meter deep crater lake on the border of Kenya and Tanzania near Mt. Kilimanjaro, contain a uniquely long and continuous record of past climate and environmental change. The near-equatorial location and exceptional quality of this natural archive provide great opportunities to study tropical climate variability at both short (inter-annual to decadal) and long (glacial-interglacial) time scales; and the influence of this climate variability on the region's freshwater resources, the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, and the history of the East African landscape in which modern humans (our species, Homo sapiens) evolved and have lived ever since. Supported in part by the International Continental Scientific Drilling Programme (ICDP), the DeepCHALLA project has now recovered the sediment record of Lake Challa down to 214.8 meter below the lake floor, with almost certain 100% cover of the uppermost 121.3 meter (ca.150,000 year BP to present) and estimated 85% cover over the lower part of the sequence, down to the lowermost distinct reflector in the available seismic stratigraphy. This reflector represents a 2 meter thick layer of volcanic sand and silt deposited ca.250,000 years ago, and overlies still older silty lacustrine clays deposited during early lake development. Down-hole logging produced continuous profiles of in-situ sediment composition that confer an absolute depth scale to both the recovered cores and their three-dimensional representation in seismic stratigraphy. As readily observed through the transparent core liners, Lake Challa sediments are finely laminated throughout most of the recovered sequence. Combined with the great time span, the exquisite temporal resolution of these sediments promises to greatly increase our understanding of tropical climate and ecosystem dynamics, and create a long-awaited equatorial counterpart to the high-latitude climate records extracted from the ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica.

D O. "Value addition of hides and skins using locally available materials.". In: Nairobi Innovation Week. Nairobi University; 2017.
Odhiambo JA, Lukhoba CW, Dossaji SF. "Corms as an additional feature to identify Gladiolus spp.". In: XXI AETFAT congress.; 2017. Abstractuse_of_corms_as__additional_features_to_identify.ppt

Gladiolus is a genus that consists of underground corms and strikingly showy flowers. The corms are mostly rounded and symmetrical enveloped with fibrous tunics. Presently the main and sure way to identify these plants is by their use of showy flowers; however, this becomes a challenge in during the dry seasons when the plants don’t flower. This study investigated the use of corms as additional feature for identification of Gladiolus species found in Kenya; Gladiolus watsonoides, G. goetzenii, G. ukambanensis and G. newii. Physical and histological features of the corms were evaluated according to Rolls, 2011, to investigate any differences across the different species. Although the analysis of the cells of corms did not reveal any obvious differences, their outward morphologies including the colour, shape and texture of the tunics were different across the species investigated. Therefore, corms form an additional feature of taxonomic value for identification and collection of these plants in the absence of flowers.
Key words: Gladiolus, Corms, Identification

Musila FM, Lukhoba CW, Dossaji SF, Nguta JM. "Molecular Phylogeny of ten Kenyan Plectranthus species in the Coleus clade.". In: XXI AETFAT congress. Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya; 2017. Abstractaetfat_2017-fredrick_m.ppt

Plectranthus is one important genus of flowering plants whose member species have a variety of uses in the horticultural and in the medical field. Plectranthus species are difficult to distinguish morphologically and many species have been given different names by different authors. Use of morphological characters is not sufficiently enough to delimit the genus successfully. Molecular, anatomical and biochemical markers are better in studying interspecific variation compared to gross morphological markers. So far no study on molecular phylogeny of the Kenyan Plectranthus species has been conducted. By comparing the same gene sequence across species within a genus, a phylogenetic tree can be constructed which can support or give new insights into the existing classification and rule out the confusion brought by synonymy. As a result, the current study used molecular characters to classify ten Plectranthus species in the Coleus clade within the Plectranthus genus. The molecular characters used in the study were DNA sequences of two chloroplast genes: MatK and Rbcl genes considered as universal molecular markers. Genomic DNA from the ten species was obtained followed by amplification and sequencing of the two genes in each species. From the results, a phylogenetic tree reconstructed using MatK genes groups P. caninus, P. otostegioides, P. barbatus and P. lanuginosus together and all the four species form a monophyletic group. These four species together with P.aegyptiacus form a larger monophyletic group. The same pattern can be observed in the phylogenetic tree created using the Rbcl genes. Again based on the MatK genes; P. pseudomarruboides, P. ornatus, P. montanous and P. amboinicus have been showed to be closely related and are monophyletic. Again these four species together with P.edulis form a larger monophyletc group. This close relationship of these species can also be observed in phylogenetic tree produced using the Rbcl genes. The present study has grouped the ten study Plectranthus species using molecular characters into phylogenies which are supported by previous studies and proved that molecular characters can aid in plant identification and phylogenetic studies.
Key words; Plectranthus, Molecular phylogeny, MatK gene, Rbcl gene.

Liu Y, Xie J, Luo M, Peng B, Deng L. "Synthesis and characterization of magnetic Al/NiO composite pigments with low infrared emissivity.". In: Materials Science Forum. Vol. 898. Trans Tech Publ; 2017:. Abstract
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Dimba, Njiru W, Gathece LW, Mutave RJ, Ogwell A. "Tobacco cessation through use of oral health care providers in Kenya.". In: Global Tobacco Treatment Summit . Mayo Clinic Nicotine Dependence ; 2016.
Dommain R, S Riedl ALD, deMenocal PB, Olaka LA, Strecker MR, Potts R. "Lake level history of Paleolake Siriata and hydrological sub-basin connectivity in the Southern Kenya Rift during the African Humid Period (AHP).". In: American Geophysical Union, Fall General Assembly 2016. San Fransisco; 2016. Abstract

The AHP is one of the most dramatic examples of late Quaternary hydroclimatic change in the tropics. During this wet period numerous large and deep lakes existed in the eastern arm of the East African Rift System (EARS) as testified by paleo-shorelines and lacustrine sediments. The tempo of onset and termination as well as the duration of the AHP is a matter of ongoing research and are still poorly established for the Southern Kenya Rift. Here we present new paleo-shoreline and sedimentary evidence for the existence of a freshwater lake during the AHP to the east of alkaline Lake Magadi. The AHP lake - Paleolake Siriata - was a critical link in the paleodrainage network that connected the central with the southern Kenya rift lakes and northern Tanzania. To establish the timing and spatial extent of Paleolake Siriata we mapped elevations of paleo-shorelines and associated shoreline facies and diatomaceous lacustrine sediments along the former basin margins. Morphometric and topographic details were mapped using a dGPS and an UAV to create a DEM with a resolution of 5 cm to define shoreline elevations and the characteristics of the former basin outlet. Reservoir age-corrected radiocarbon dates of gastropod and bivalve shells and 40Ar/39Ar ages of pumice from the lacustrine strata provide the chronological framework of the Lake Siriata highstand. In addition, oxygen-isotope measurements of gastropod shells indicate past variations in the former lake water-balance. Paleolake Siriata formed abruptly immediately after the dry Younger Dryas interval and reached a maximum depth of 55 m and a surface area of 30 km2; during highstand conditions the lake overflowed into adjacent Lake Magadi while it received inflow from Lake Naivasha via the Kedong Valley and the Olorgesailie Basin in the north. This hydrological connectivity provides important context for the interpretation of the sediment records from the recently collected Olorgesailie-Koora and Lake Magadi drill cores.

Digolo OO. "Introduction to Curriculum Making Process.". In: Academic Staff Training in Curriculum Development. Embu; 2016.
Olago D, Kanoti J, Opiyo N, Nyamai C, Taylor R, Dulo SI, Ayah R. "An overview of groundwater and sanitation challenges in Kisumu City, Kenya.". In: 23rd IAH Congress . Montepellier, France; 2016.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, R. M, DiFalco S. "The Impact of Climate Change on Food Calorie Production and Nutritional Poverty: Evidence from Kenya.". In: CSAE 2016 Conference on Economic Development in Africa. St. Catherine's College, Oxford, UK; 2016.
D.W. Gakuya, G.M.Muchemi, A.G.Thaiyah, P.B.Gathura. "One health:The potential of zoonotic diseases in human,livestock and wildlife interface in Kenya.". In: Pathways Kenya 2016:integrating Human Dimensions into Fisheries and wildlife management programme. Mount Kenya Safari Park,Nanyuki,Kenya; 2016.
Kaniu I, Darby IG, Kalambuka Angeyo H. "Radiological Mapping of the Alkaline Intrusive Complex of Jombo, South Coastal Kenya by In-Situ Gamma-Ray Spectrometry.". In: EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts. Vol. 18.; 2016:. Abstract
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Kaniu I, Darby IG, Kalambuka Angeyo H. "Radiological Mapping of the Alkaline Intrusive Complex of Jombo, South Coastal Kenya by In-Situ Gamma-Ray Spectrometry.". In: EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts. Vol. 18.; 2016:. Abstract
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Nyamai C, Rollion C, Feneyrol J, Martelat J-E, Omito E, Daniel Ichang'i, Wamunyu A. "The boron isotopic composition of tourmaline from tsavorite deposits in the Neoproterozoic Mozambique metamorphic belt, with a special focus on the mining districts in Kenya.". In: 13th SGA Biennial Meeting. Nancy, France; 2015. Abstractgiulianietal.boronsga-2015.pdf

The dravitic tourmalines associated with different types of rock from the tsavorite-bearing
metasedimentary Neoproterozoic sequence in Kenya, Tanzania, and Madagascar show two
ranges of boron isotopic compositions:(1) Tourmalines associated with tsavorite nodules
have homogenous 8113 values of-19.8 1 1.2 'llm that clearly involve continental evaporitic
material;(2) Tourrnalines from unmineralized rocks (elastic metasediments, metapegmatite,
and marble) have 8118 values between 45.9 and 40.356 “, which reflect a magmatic source
for the elastic tourmaline and probably an evaporitic one for tourmaline in marble.

Martelat JE, G G, D O, Bosse V, Omito E, D I’i, Nyamai CM, Wamunyu A, Monie P. "U/Pb Ages of zircon and monazite from the tsavorite-bearing Neoproterozic rocks of southeastern Kenya, and the significance of static crystallisation of the tsavorite.". In: 13th SGA Biennial Meeting 2015. Nancy, France; 2015. Abstract

Tsavorite, the vanadian variety of green grossular, is hosted exclusively in metasedimentary formations in the Neoproterozoic Metamorphic Mozambique Belt. In order to understand the origin of tsavorite in southeastern Kenya we integrated field investigations, geochemical studies, and dating. Two units are seen in outcrop: 1) a metasedimentary sequence, and 2) a quartz-feldspar migmatitic group. This second group of rocks shows classic "Pan-african geometry" with vertical and horizontal foliation planes. The metamorphism attains granulite facies. The metasedimentary sequence is different and recorded lower metamorphism (high-amphibolite facies, 680 °C), and if static recrystallization occurs, few traces of melting was observed. Landslide with sediment deformation structures of the sedimentary deposition are preserved. Systematic LA-ICPMS U/Pb dating was done on monazite and zircon. The migmatitic rocks recorded ages from 615 Ma to 585 Ma. The metasedimentary rocks recorded ages from 600 Ma to 595 Ma. Older ages of 850-720 Ma seems to be inherited ages from magmatic minerals. The formation of tsavorite is the result of a sedimentary sequence preserved from strain but heated by surrounding granulitic rocks between 600 to 595 Ma. The regional associated tectonic process is unclear but efficient for vertical displacement. We suggest that it is a peculiar event and process, and was unable to completely recrystallize the sedimentary rocks. These last are exceptionally preserved from strain and melt, a case that may be unique in the world.

Olago, D. O., Dulo, Ouma, opondo. "Country Diagnostic Report, Kenya.". In: International Water Security Conference. Oxford, UK; 2015.
Paul Kamau, Dorothy McCormick. "Market Diversification Strategy and Success of Food Processing Firms in Kenya.". In: 3rd Joint Nordic Conference on Development Research at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, 5 - 6 . Gothenburg, Sweden; 2015.
Dorothy McCormick, Wamalwa HN. "Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Trade and Development in Africa.". In: SMEs Trade and Development. Geneva; 2015.
D.W. Gakuya, Nganga CJ, Waruiru RM, Sabuni AZ, Muasa BS. "Evaluation of anthelmintic efficacies in controlling gastrointestinal helminth.". In: 49th KVA Annual Scientific Conference. Busia county,Kenya; 2015.evaluation_of_anthelmintic_efficacies_in_controlling_gastrointestinal_helminth.pdf
J.K.Muthee, D.W. Gakuya, J.M. Mbaria, C.M.Mulei. "Phytochemistry and cytotoxicity of plants used as anthelmintics in Loitoktok sub-county,Kenya.". In: Kenya Veterinary Association 49th Annual Scientific Conference. Hotel Itoya, Busia county,Kenya ; 2015.
Siriba DN, Dalyot S. "Should Volunteered Geographic Information on Land Parcels be Formalized or Coexist with the Formal Land Administration Systems?". In: Joint Workshop Fig Commission 7 and 3 - Crowdsourcing of Land Information & Annual Meeting . Malta, Italy; 2015.
Dukuzemariya T, Kiema JBK, Khan S. "A Comparative Study of General and Fixed Boundaries in Rwanda.". In: Geospatial Technologies for Sustainable Urban and Rural Development. Kigali, Rwanda; 2015.
Dimba E, Njiru W, Gathece LW, Mutave RJ, Ogwell A. "Tobacco cessation through use of oral health care providers in Kenya.". In: 16th World Conference on Tobacco or Health. Abu Dhabi, UAE; 2015.
Chalo C, Lukhoba CW, Dossaji SF, Nguta JM. "Evaluation of Antimicrobial activity, Toxicity and Phytochemical composition of selected medicinal plants of Losho, Narok county, Kenya.". In: Nairobi Innovation week. university of nairobi; 2015. Abstract

In Kenya, microbial infections remain a threat to millions of lives of those individuals

Antibiotic effectiveness is threatened by increasing resistance of pathogenic microbes against most available drugs as new pathogens continue to emerge.

•Plants are a possible source of antimicrobial agents and could lead to the isolation of new and potentially effective antimicrobial compounds.

However for majority of herbal drugs, information on the efficacy, dosage safety and active principles is not well documented.

Antimicrobial activity, toxicity and phytochemical analysis of 4 most commonly used medicinal plants for treatment of ear, nose and throat infections (ENT), gastrointestinal disorders and skin ailments namely, Schrebera alata (Bark), Omorcarpum kirkii (Aerial part) ,Cussonia holstii (Bark)& Helichrysum forskahlii (Whole plant) was carried out .

DW.Gakuya, P.N.Mbugua, B.Kavoi, S.M.Mwaniki, S.G.Kiama. "Evaluation of Moringa oleifera leaf meal supplementation in broiler and layer chicken feed.". In: RISE-AFNNET Fellows conference on natural products. Imperial Royale hotel,Kampala,Uganda; 2015.evaluation_of_moringa_oleifera_leaf_meal_supplementation_in.pdf
J.K.Serem, R.G. Wahome, D.W. Gakuya, S.G.Kiama. "Potentials of Moringa oleifera(MO) as pig feed ingredient in Kenya.". In: RISE-AFNNET Fellows conference on natural products. Imperial Royale hotel,Kampala,Uganda; 2015.
Kiama TN, Sirma AJ, Senerwa DM, Ochungo P, Waithanji EM, Lindahl J, EK K'ethe, D. G. "Dietary exposure to mycotoxins within the Kenya dairy value chain and the role of gender.".; 2015.
Olago D, van der Lubbe HJL, Sier MJ, Feibel CS, Beck C, Dupont-Nivet G, Vonhof H, Joordens JJ, Cohen A, Prins M. "Sr isotope stratigraphy and lithogenic grain-size distributions of the Pleistocene Turkana Basin, Kenya."; 2015.
Dorothy McCormick. "Institutional Development in Public Transport: Implications of Selective Compliance for Nairobi's Paratransit System.'.". In: Southern Africa Transport Conference. Pretoria, South Africa; 2014.
M M, PB G, LM M, J.M M, D K. "The Impact of Knowledge, Attitudes and the Practices of Indigenous Chicken farmers in Makueni that may Risk Drug, Aflatoxin, and Barbaloin Residues in the Meat.Presented at Held at .". In: 9th Biennial scientific conference and Exhibition. University of Nairobi Kenya ; 2014.
Amimo JO, Saif LJ, Junga J, Vlasova AN, Okoth EA, Njahira MN, Ogara WO, Djikeng A. "Detection and molecular characterization of selected swine enteric viruses in smallholder farms in Kenya and Uganda.". In: 9th Biennial Conference and exhibition of the faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi. Upper Kabete Campus, Nairobi; 2014.detection_and_molecular_characterization_of_selected_swine_enteric_viruses_in_smallholder_farms_in_kenya_and_uganda__9thbiennial_jamimo-18-08-2014_final.pdf
J.K.Muthee, D.W. Gakuya, J.M. Mbaria, C.M.Mulei, J.M.Mugambi, J.C.Nganga. "Evaluation of anthelmintic efficacy of selected medicinal plants traditionally used in Loitoktok, Kenya.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
D.W. Gakuya, Okoth MO, J.Muraya, C.J.Nganga, J.K.Muthee. "An outbreak of acute helminthosis in a sheep and goat farm in Machakos County.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.an__outbreak_of__acute_helminthosis__in__a_sheep_and_goat__farm__in_machakos_county.pdf
S.A.M.Johnson, D.W. Gakuya, P.G. Mbuthia, N. Maingi, J.D. Mande. "Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths and management practices for dogs in the greater Accra region of Ghana.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
D.W.Muasya, W.E.Mwangi, P.Kimeli, G.K.Gitau, D.W. Gakuya, J.D. Mande. "A retrospective study on isolation and antimicrobial sensitivity trends of mastitis causing pathogens in bovine and goats in Kabete, Kenya.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
J.M. Mbaria, S.M.Itonga, D.W. Gakuya, P. K. Gathumbi, I.M.Mapenay. "Study of bioactivity and acute toxicity of Tephrosia vogelii growing in Meru, Kenya.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
D.W. Gakuya, T.O.Abuom, C.Onyango, L.K.Cheruiyot. "Use of sodium hypochlorite (jik) in the management of dermatophytosis (ringworm) in a dairy cattle farm in Kiambu County.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
D.W. Gakuya, D.Muasya. "Management of clinical mastitis in dairy cows.". In: Kenya Veterinary Association-SEVET branch,CPD scientific seminar . PCEA Nyamacaki Church hall, Nyeri ; 2014.management_of_clinical_mastitis.pdf
A D, D O, E O. "Development of the roadmap and guidelines for the prevention and management of high blood pressure in Africa: Proceedings of the PASCAR Hypertension Task Force meeting.". In: : Proceedings of the PASCAR Hypertension Task Force meeting.; 2014. Abstract

Africa has one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The economic changes are associated with a health transition characterised by a rise in cardiovascular risk factors and complications, which tend to affect the African population at their age of maximum productivity. Recent data from Africa have highlighted the increasing importance of high blood pressure in this region of the world. This condition is largely underdiagnosed and poorly treated, and therefore leads to stroke, renal and heart failure, and death. Henceforth, African countries are taking steps to develop relevant policies and programmes to address the issue of blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors in response to a call by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to reduce premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 25% by the year 2025 (25 × 25). The World Heart Federation (WHF) has developed a roadmap for global implementation of the prevention and management of raised blood pressure using a health system approach to help realise the 25 × 25 goal set by the WHO. As the leading continental organisation of cardiovascular professionals, the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) aims to contextualise the roadmap framework of the WHF to the African continent through the PASCAR Taskforce on Hypertension. The Taskforce held a workshop in Kenya on 27 October 2014 to discuss a process by which effective prevention and control of hypertension in Africa may be achieved. It was agreed that a set of clinical guidelines for the management of hypertension are needed in Africa. The ultimate goal of this work is to develop a roadmap for implementation of the prevention and management of hypertension in Africa under the auspices of the WHF.

R.O.Onzago, S.G.Kiama, J.M. Mbaria, Z.M.Rukenya, D.W. Gakuya. "Efficacy and safety of Vernonia hymenolepis a medicinal plant used in Kenya for oral health.". In: 48th KVA Annual scientific conference. Boma Inn,Eldoret,Uasin Gishu county,Kenya; 2014.
Digolo OO(. "Education as a process of democratization in Africa. .". In: Pan-African Colloquium; Educational innovation in Post-Colonial Africa; . University of Cape Town, South Africa.; 2014.
Kenneth Ngure MPH, of Khamati Shilabukha, IAGAS UN, of Dr. Nelly Rwamba Mugo Research Scientist UW. "Contraceptive use among HIV Discordant Couples in Kenya: A Qualitative Study." Ethiopia; 2014.family_planning__poster_final.pdf
Angeyo HK, Dehayem-Massop A, Kaduki KA. "Analysis and Spectral Imaging Approaches to Disease Diagnostics: Forays into Malaria and Cancer.". In: LAM 10 International Workshop: Optics Photonics and Lasers in Science and Technology for Sustainable Development. 13-18 January 2014, Dakar, Senegal; 2014. Abstract
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Dehayem-Massop A, Angeyo HK, Kaduki KA. "Chemometrics and Machine Learning Approaches for Direct and Rapid Quantitative and Exploratory Analysis of Trace Elements by LIBS.". In: LAM 10 International Workshop: Optics Photonics and Lasers in Science and Technology for Sustainable Development. 13-18 January 2014, Dakar, Senegal; 2014. Abstract
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Kaduki KA, Angeyo HK, Dehayem-Massop A. "Spectral Analysis and Imaging Platforms for Trace Analytics in Disease and Environment.". In: LAM 10 International Workshop: Optics Photonics and Lasers in Science and Technology for Sustainable Development. 13-18 January 2014, Dakar, Senegal; 2014. Abstract
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Muirhead JD, Kattenhorn SA, Dindi EW, Gama R. "The evolving contribution of border faults and intra-rift faults in early-stage East African rifts: insights from the Natron (Tanzania) and Magadi (Kenya) basins.". In: AGU FALL 2013. San Francisco, California; 2013. Abstract

In the early stages of continental rifting, East African Rift (EAR) basins are conventionally depicted as asymmetric basins bounded on one side by a ~100 km-long border fault. As rifting progresses, strain concentrates into the rift center, producing intra-rift faults. The timing and nature of the transition from border fault to intra-rift-dominated strain accommodation is unclear. Our study focuses on this transitional phase of continental rifting by exploring the spatial and temporal evolution of faulting in the Natron (border fault initiation at ~3 Ma) and Magadi (~7 Ma) basins of northern Tanzania and southern Kenya, respectively. We compare the morphologies and activity histories of faults in each basin using field observations and remote sensing in order to address the relative contributions of border faults and intra-rift faults to crustal strain accommodation as rifting progresses. The ~500 m-high border fault along the western margin of the Natron basin is steep compared to many border faults in the eastern branch of the EAR, indicating limited scarp degradation by mass wasting. Locally, the escarpment shows open fissures and young scarps 10s of meters high and a few kilometers long, implying ongoing border fault activity in this young rift. However, intra-rift faults within ~1 Ma lavas are greatly eroded and fresh scarps are typically absent, implying long recurrence intervals between slip events. Rift-normal topographic profiles across the Natron basin show the lowest elevations in the lake-filled basin adjacent to the border fault, where a number of hydrothermal springs along the border fault system expel water into the lake. In contrast to Natron, a ~1600 m high, densely vegetated, border fault escarpment along the western edge of the Magadi basin is highly degraded; we were unable to identify evidence of recent rupturing. Rift-normal elevation profiles indicate the focus of strain has migrated away from the border fault into the rift center, where faults pervasively dissect 1.2-0.8 Ma trachyte lavas. Unlike Natron, intra-rift faults in the Magadi basin exhibit primarily steep, little-degraded fault scarps, implying greater activity than Natron intra-rift faults. Numerous fault-associated springs feed water into perennial Lake Magadi, which has no surface drainage input, yet survives despite a high evaporation rate that has created economically viable evaporite deposits. Calcite vein-filled joints are common along fault zones around Lake Magadi, as well as several cm veins around columnar joints that imply isotropic expansion of the fracture network under high pressures of CO2-rich fluids. Our work indicates that the locus of strain in this portion of the EAR transfers from the border fault to the center of the rift basin some time between 3 and 7 million years after rift initiation. This transition likely reflects the evolving respective roles of crustal flexure and magma budget in focusing strain, as well as the hydrothermal fluid budget along evolving fault zones.

and D.M Munyasi OMFMSM. "An overview of small scale stone crusher Industry in Western Kenya in the proceedings of the 20th Engineers International conference.". In: 20th Engineers International conference. Tom Mboya Labour College- Kisumu; 2013.
L N, K K, Gallie B, Chan H, Dimaras H. "Kenya National Retinoblastoma Strategy: A model for developing countries.". In: Canadian Cancer and Research Conference. sheraton Hotel, Toronto, Canada; 2013.njambi_et_al_kenya_retinoblastoma_strategy-_a_model_for_developing_countries.pdf
DC K, HW C, C BL, Maingi N, Nyaga P N, Njagi L W. "Effect of parasite control on Newcastle disease vaccination response in free-ranged family chicken in Eastern province, Kenya.". In: 47th Kenya Veterinary Association (KVA) annual Scientific conference. Mombasa; 2013.abstract_-_kemboi_et_al.pdf
Chege HW, D.C.Kemboi, Bebora LC, Maingi N, Mbuthia PG, Njagi LW. "Efficacy of piperazine citrate, levamisole hydrochloride and albendazole in the treatment of chickens naturally infected with gastrointestinal helminths.". In: 47th Kenya Veterinary Association (KVA) annual Scientific conference . Mombasa; 2013.abstract_-_chege_et_al.pdf
Diaz W, G.N K. "Effect of Shubbhodaya Mycorrhiza on crop performace, draught tolerance and yields.". In: The 27th Soil Science Society of East Africa and 6th Africa Soil Science Society Conference. Hotel Cathy, Nakuru, Kenya; 2013.
Kitonde CK, Dossaji SF, Lukhoba CW, Jumba MM. "Phytochemistry and Utilization of Vernonia glabra (Steetz) Oliv. & Hiern. in the Management of Food Spoilage and Poisoning Pathogens, in Kenya.". In: 1st International Conference Pesticidal Plants. Vol. 10.; 2013:.
Lally R, Moreira AS, Germaine K, Galbally P, Culhain J, Otieno N, Brazil D, Ryan D, Dowling D. "Development of endophytic bacterial inoculants possessing plant growth promotion traits for practical application in bio-energy plant species.". In: Association of Applied Biologists (AAB) Conference 2013 - Positive plant microbial interactions: their role in maintaining sustainable agricultural and natural ecosystems. Forest Pines Hotel, Brigg, North Linconshire, U.K; 2013. Abstract

Endophytes are bacteria present in plants that form a symbiotic relationship with
their hosts and may promote plant growth and health (Ryan et al., 2008). We extracted
Pseudomonas endophytes from Miscanthus × giganteus; a series of strains were selected
for application to two oilseed rape (OSR) trials. Endophytes colonise plants (including
the root-surface) and allow the plant to utilise nutrients present in the rhizosphere. This
potentially provides a yield boost for colonised plants, allowing for efficient fertiliser
strategies and improved yield performance (Redondo-Nieto et al., 2013). This study has
provided evidence that the application of specialised live microbial biofertilisers can
enhance aspects of crop development when applied in the field. The results show that
there was a significant increase in crop stem and leaf of “Compass” a variety of Oilseed
rape. The results did not indicate that there was a significant increase within the overall
yield of the crop.

Otieno NA, Culhane J, Germaine K, Brazil D, Ryan D, Dowling DN. "Screening of large collections of plant associated bacteria for effective plant growth promotion and colonisation.". In: Positive Plant Microbial Interactions: Their role in maintaining sustainable and natural ecosystems. Forest Pines Hotel, nr Brigg, orth Lincolnshire, UK; 2013. Abstract

The use of potent and effective live microbial biofertilisers in agricultural has significant
potential to reduce the costs of crop production and in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions
and water pollution associated with excessive fertiliser use. Many plant associated
bacteria possess plant growth promotion traits. However, when used as plant inoculants
these bacteria often do not result in statistically significant plant growth promotion. This
paper describes the screening process used to identify a number of endophytic strains
with multiple plant growth promotion traits and effective plant colonisation ability in
Brassica napus crops.

Anne N, David M, Naomi G, Grace N. "Training ECD in-service Teachers in ICT skills:First foot forward.". In: Utilization of open and distance learning in addressing educational challenges in kenya towards fulfilment of the vision 2030. University of Nairobi, kenya; 2013. Abstract

Kenya government developed vision 2030 with the aim of transforming Kenya into a middle-income industrialized country. This vision is likely to be an illusion unless Kenya invests in education and training. Countries that have succeeded in harnessing the potential of ICT have been said to have taken a positive step towards a greatly expanded economic growth, improved human welfare and stronger forms of democratic governance. ICT has been correlated with enhanced human development and a major driving force of national growth. Kenya government has invested a lot of funds in the development of ICT infrastructure. This investment is likely not to bear fruits unless the training of teachers is put on the forefront. There should therefore be an emphasis of training teachers in ICT because they are the central forces in tapping the learning potentials created by ICT. Teachers for all levels from pre-primary to university must be trained in ICT if the vision is to be realized. Support for the pre-school education from the government is a recent phenomenon especially in curriculum development. This is because this level of education has been taught by untrained teachers for a long time therefore resulting to poor quality of education. The first effort noted towards this end was the experimental preschool education project that was carried out by the Ministry of education Science and Technology and the Bernard Van Leer Foundation between 1972 and 1982. A later development was on the National Early Childhood Development Policy Framework of 2006 which provided coordination of the different stakeholders in ECD at all levels. As the government continues to support this level of education, it is important to find out the part that it is playing in ensuring that this education is relevant to the changing needs of the students. This will only be possible if the government ensures that teachers have effective techniques, tool and assistance that can help them develop ICT activities that are able to improve student learning. The purpose of this study was to explore the ICT skills possessed by the ECD teachers. Further, the study explored the integration of ICT in teaching and learning of preschool children in selected Kenyan preschools. A researcher developed questionnaire was used to gather the required information from the ECD teachers who were in their training sessions. The sample consisted of 395 pre-school teachers. The findings indicated that only (39.17%) of the teachers had any knowledge in ICT. Most of the teachers (86.99) reported that there they had not attended any government sponsored ICT workshop during their teaching professions. All the teachers felt that their teaching would be highly enhanced by ICT integration in teaching and learning. They also expressed their interest in availing themselves for ICT training should an opportunity arise. Based on these findings, it was recommended that there is need for the government to invest more in the training of pre-school teachers in ICT integration.
Key words: information and communication technology (ICT), pre-school children, Pre-school teachers, Teacher training

Gizaw S;, Getachew T;, Goshme S;, Mwai OA;, Dessie T. "A cooperative village breeding scheme for smallholder sheep farming systems in Ethiopia."; 2013.
Mwai OA;, Chang-Yeon; C, Dessie, T; Mamo Y. "Country Domestic Animal Genetic Resource Information system (C-DAGRIS)."; 2013.
Dessie, T; Gebreyesus G;, Mekuria G;, Jembere T;, Woldu T;, Agaba M;, Mwai OA. "Harnessing genetic diversity to improve goat productivity in Africa: Ethiopia component."; 2013.
Gebreyesus G;, Wamalwa M;, Dessie T;, Agaba M;, Benor S;, Mwai OA. "Harnessing “ODK collect” on smartphones for on-farm data collection in Africa: The ILRI-BecA goat project."; 2013.
Kiama TN, Sirma AJ, Senerwa DM, Ochungo P, Waithanji EM, Lindahl J, EK K'ethe, D. G. "How qualitative studies and gender analysis can add value to the assessment of dietary exposure to aflatoxins in Kenya.".; 2013.
Dulo. "Mainstreaming climate change into regional trade and integration .". In: Hydrological and Regional Climate Modelling Tools for Climate Change Risk Management in the Nile Basin. Cairo, Egypt; 2013.
Stomeo F;, Wamalwa, M;,, Harvey J;, Miano DW;, Boonham N;, Kilalo D;, Adams J;, Djikeng A;. "Plant virome ecology in African farming systems: A genomics and bioinformatics framework for high-throughput virus detection and pathogen discovery."; 2013.
Stomeo F;, Wamalwa M;, Harvey J;, Miano DW;, Boonham N;, Kilalo D;, Adams J;, Djikeng A. "Plant virome ecology in African farming systems: A genomics and bioinformatics framework for high-throughput virus detection and pathogen discovery."; 2013.
KIMANI M, Milton N, Dr. Ndirangu G. "Regional Variations in contraceptive use in Kenya: comparison of Nyanza, Coast and Central Provinces.". In: African Population Studies. Vol. 27.; 2013:. Abstract

This paper analyses the regional variations in contraceptive use between Central, Nyanza and Coast Provinces in Kenya among currently married, fecund women drawn from the 2008-09 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) data. Specifically the study examined the role of socio-economic, cultural and demographic factors in explaining these variations using both bivariate and logistic regression. The analysis confirmed the higher use of contraception in Central compared to Nyanza and Coast. Current use of modern contraceptive methods in Central is 70 percent compared with 39 percent and 37 percent for Nyanza and Coast respectively. The higher contraceptive use in Central is attributed to the better socio-economic and cultural environment compared with the other two provinces. Central Province has very few cases of women with no education, a much lower percentage in the poorest wealth (9.6) category and the highest proportion in monogamous unions (97.1). The higher socio-economic status and better cultural environment has in turn created a favourable environment for the use of contraception through the intervening variables of knowledge
on family planning and fertility preferences. The logistic regression results suggest that differences in contraceptive use between the three provinces could be narrowed by increasing the level of education in Coast and overcoming traditional practices such as polygyny in both Nyanza and Coast. Although mortality is still important, its effect has declined. However, the unexpected finding that contraceptive use is higher in rural areas of Central and Nyanza Provinces suggests further research to understand what could be responsible for the reversal.

Angeyo HK, Dehayem-Massop A, Kaduki. "Development of Laser Education and Research Towards Biophotonics at Nairobi.". In: 12th International conference on Education and Training in Optics and Photonics. 22; 2013. Abstract
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Kariuki JK, Stuart-Shor EM, DeMita J, Golden D, Halliday J, Kimani S, Muchira J, Zhang L. "Global Risk Assessment of Cardiovascular Disease in Resource Constrained Settings: Kenya.". In: Nursing research. Vol. 62. LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3621 USA; 2013:. Abstract
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Angeyo, H.K, Mukhono, P.M, Musyoka, D., Dehayem-Massop A, Kaduki KA. "Trace Quantitative and Exploratory Analysis by Multivariate Chemometric Laser Induced Breakdown Spectrometry Applied to Malaria and Radiogeothermic Diagnostics.". In: RIAO/OPTILAS 2013 VIII Iberoamerican Conference on Optics and XI Latin-american Meeting on Optics, Lasers and Applications. 22; 2013. Abstract
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Chege, H.W., D.C.Kemboi, L.C. Bebora, N. Maingi, P.G. Mbuthia, P.N. Nyaga, Njagi LW, Githinji JM. "Prevalence of ecto and endo parasites in free-range chickens in Mbeere District, Eastern Province, Kenya.". In: 3rd RUFORUM Conferencenar. Entebbe, Uganda; 2012.

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