A total of 37 patients were studied, 16 males and 21 females. The ages ranged from 13-78 (mean!
Almost all the males (except
one) were 30 years and above, while the females showed a peak in the twenties followed by another from the fifties.
A11 the patients presented in severe heart
failure, most (81%) being in New York Heart
Association (NYHA) class 4. Third heart sound
was universal, while murmur of mitral regurgitation was heard in about two thirds. Chest pain was present in 10 patients (27%) but only in one case was it angina-like. Embolic phenomena occured in two patients, both in association with pregnancy.
Mean rate(velocity) of circumferential fibre
shortening (Mean Vcf) was depressed in a~l patients, range, 0018-0095 circ/sec, Mean ± 5.0, = 0048
+ 0.22 circ/sec.
Electrocardiographic abnormalities were present in all except one patient. ST - T changes were the most common (64.9%), followed by left bundle branch
block (LBBE) (24.3%)0
- 5 -
No single case of atrial fibrillation was seene
Pregnancy was a strong contributory factor
in the female population, being associated in
52% of the caseSe
Association with alcohol was observed
exclusively in the males. There was association in 6205% of the maleso
Elevated blood pressure was found in 6