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Mulinge, PM, DM O. "Challenges Facing Amisom in its Bid to Restore Peace in Somalia. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR).". 2021;10(5). Abstract

Abstract: Civil conflict in Somalia is considered one of the major and worst crisis in Africa’s recent history. Due to this, Somalia had
operated with an unstable functioning government for now over twenty years. This state of affairs has led to majority of the civilian
population acquiring arms illegally for their protection. The study sought to explore the key challenges facing AMISOM in its bid to
restore peace in Somalia. The study was based on the theory of conflict transformation. The study utilized primary data, which was
collected using structured questionnaires and interview schedules. The unit of analysis constituted a sample size of 100 respondents
drawn from the military, police, and civilian components of AMISOM and Somali civilian population working within Halane Base
Camp, with a combined target population of 24,643. Quantitative data was descriptively analyzed using the percentages and qualitative
data was analyzed using themes emerging from the data. The study found out thatclan dynamics in the conflict torn Somalia remains
the biggest hindrance to the achievement of peace and stability. This is coupled by the weak government structures that underpin
inadequacy of support to AMISOM operations. The study recommends that there isneed for AMISOM to increase involvement with
civilians as they stand important in peace building initiatives, intelligence, mediation and prevention of conflict.

Nwankwo, OU, DM O, DB N. "The Influence of the United Nations Security Council in the 21st Century International Conflict Management." International Journal of Innovative Research and Knowledge. . 2019;4(6):59-68. Abstract

This article has critically analyzed the influence of United Nations Security Council in the management of
international conflict in the 21st Century. Overtime, conflict has become a recurring decimal in human affairs
globally. It was subsequently to assume a wider and more devastating dimension that an urgent need for man to
find a panacea arose, or else it will threaten the corporate existence of mankind. It is in this view that deliberate
efforts were adopted to checkmate the increasing adverse effect of conflict. An aggregation of the efforts put in by
man in this regard is what is known as conflict management. Part of these efforts is the establishment of
international bodies to ensure global peace and security. The first of these bodies is the League of Nations, which
was established after the First World War. Unfortunately, the League of Nations was unable to prevent a second
world war. This led to its disbandment and the subsequent establishment of the United Nations. The United
Nations organ that superintends over international peace and security is the United Nations Security Council. A
cursory look at the activities of the United Nations Security Council in the 21st Century revealed that though the
organ had recorded a couple of failures, the successes recorded outweigh the failures. For instance, the activities
of the Council have ensured that at least the world has been saved from the agony of the scourge of a third world
war. That in itself among so many other things is quite commendable. Even the failures of the United Nations
Security Council often cited are as a result of the organization of the Council, which allows for five members to
be permanent and these permanent members are clothed with veto powers. The article contended that this veto
power conferred on its wielders an overarching influence on the Council, which in the long run constituted an
encumbrance to the effectiveness and efficiency of the Council. A couple of these successes and failures though in
exhaustive, were succinctly brought out in the article. In order to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of the
Council, the article proffered a way forward. Top among the recommendations on the way forward is the
restructuring of the United Nations Security Council to make it more inclusive and democratic.

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