A finite element analysis of the effects of an increasing angle on the tower of Pisa

Citation:
Zhou Z, Ogot M, Schwartz L. "A finite element analysis of the effects of an increasing angle on the tower of Pisa." Finite elements in analysis and design. 2001;37:901-911.

Abstract:

The Leaning Tower of Pisa has aroused admiration and curiosity throughout the
world for its beauty and unusual lean. This study investigates the effects of increasing lean
on the structural integrity of the tower. Employing a three dimensional finite element model,
two failure modes are investigated and discussed.

Notes:

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