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Omondi, PAO, Awange JL, Forootan E, Ogallo LA, Barakiza R, Girmaw GB, Komutunga E.  2013.  Changes in temperature and precipitation extremes over the Greater Horn of Africa region from 1961 to 2010. Website



LABAN, OGALLO.  2009.  Climate variability and change in Africa: a review of potential impacts on terrestrial water resources. Groundwater and Climate in Africa (Proceedings of the Kampala Conference. :1-5., Kampala: ICPACogallo_kampala.pdf



Ouma, GO, Ogallo LA.  2007.  Desertification In Africa. Website


Karanja, F, Ogallo LJ, Mutua FM, Oludhe C, Kisia SM.  2001.  Kenya country case study: Impacts and responses to the 1997-98 El Nino event.


Ogallo, LA.  2000.  Predicting drought in Kenya: prospects and challenges. AbstractPredicting drought in Kenya: prospects and challenges

The following aspects of drought prediction in Kenya are reviewed: (1) dynamics and causes; (2) socio-economic impacts, including the recent integrated global efforts to address such problems; (3) prospects for improved predictability; and (4) challenges to drought prediction in Kenya. The main systems that control rainfall variability in Kenya are: the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ); east African monsoon winds; cyclones and anticyclones; jetstreams; extratropical weather systems; thermally induced mesoscale systems; and teleconnections with El NiƱo/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), quasi-biennial oscillation, and intraseasonal wave. The vulnerability of Kenya to interannual rainfall variability highlights the need for timely and effective drought monitoring, diagnosis, long-range prediction, and early warning. The devastating impacts of drought, together with post-disaster relief and rehabilitation efforts, are illustrated, using the 1996-1997 drought, one of the worst in recent years. Predicting droughts in Kenya is difficult because of problems associated with: data availability; real-time monitoring systems; efficient communication; research, training, and equipment; mismanagement and abuse of drought information; financial resources; and, timely availability of drought products and services from global climate centres

S.M. King'uyu, OLA, et al.  2000.  Recent Trends of Minimum and Maximum Temperatures over Eastern Africa. Journal of Climate. Americam Meteorological Society
Matayo Indeje, LO, et al.  2000.  ENSO Signals in East African Rainfall Seasons. International Journal of Climatology. 20:19-46.


Lumumba, PO;, Gitau W;, Ogallo LA;, Mutemi JN.  1999.  An outline of judicial review in Kenya. Website
Liqiang Sun, LO, et al.  1999.  Application of the NCAR regional climate model to East Africa 1. Simulation of the short rains of 1988. Journal of Geophysical Research. 104(D6):6529-6548.
Ogallo, LA, et al.  1999.  Applications of Seasonal Interannual climate prediction in Agricultural planning and operations. Agricultural and forest Meteorology. 103:159-166.


Lumumba, P;, Gitau W;, Ogallo LA;, Mutemi JN.  1998.  National Culture And Constitution Review Process: Bridging The Gap. Website


Ogallo, LA, Karl TR, Jouzel J, Gruza GV.  1996.  Observed Climate Variability and Change, The IPCC Second Scientific Assessment.
Nicholls, N, Gruza GV, Jouzel J, Karl TR, Ogallo LA, Parker DE.  1996.  The Science of Climate Change.


Ogallo, LA.  1993.  Dynamics of the East African Climate . Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.(Earth planet. sci.). 102(1):203-217.
C.P.K. Basalirwa, L.J. Ogallo, MF.  1993.  The Design of a Regional Minimum Raingauge Network. Water Resources Development. 9(4):411-424.




Ogallo, LJ.  1986.  Stochastic Modelling of regional annual rainfall anomalies in East Africa. Journal of Applied Statistics. 13(1):49-56.


Ogallo, L.  1984.  Temporal fluctuations of seasonal Rainfall patterns in east Africa. mausam. 35(2):175-180.


Ogallo, LJ.  1982.  Quasi-periodic patterns in East African rainfall records. Kenya Journal of Science and technology. A(3):43-54.
Ogallo, LJ, et al.  1982.  The Characteristics of wet spells in Tanzania. E.Afr.agric.For.J. 47(4):87-95.


Ogallo, L.  1981.  Trend of rainfall in East Africa. Kenya Journal of Science and Technology. (A)(1981-2):83-90.


Ogallo, L.  1979.  Rainfall Variability in East Africa. American Meteorological Society. 107(9)

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