Bio

Prof Joseph K.N. Kuria Academic Biography

Joseph Kuria is an associate professor in the department on veterinary pathology and microbiology, University of Nairobi. He holds a bachelor’s degree in veterinary medicine, masters in immunology and a doctorate in microbiology. He has a wide teaching experience, having trained undergraduate and postgraduate veterinary students, diplomates in animal health, students of wildlife management of fish health and management in the last 35 years.

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Publications


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2020

KURIA, JOSEPHNGEIK, MOGOI DONALD, GACHUHI SAMUELGUCHU.  2020.  Co-infection by dimorphic fungi in tuberculosis patients in Kenya. International Journal of Mycobacteriology. 9:116-120..

2019

J.A., OMEGA, L.M. MUSALIA, J.K. KURIA.  2019.  Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Paratuberculosis in Cattle and Sheep in Kericho County and Konoin Sub-County, Kenya. African Journal of Education, Science and Technology. 5:76-86.
J.A., OMEGA, J.K.N KURIA, L.M MUSALIA.  2019.  Prevalence of bovine and ovine paratuberculosis in Kericho County and Konoin Sub-County, Kenya. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 67:181-189.
Kuria, JKN.  2019.  Disease caused by bacteria in cattle: Tuberculosis. Disease caused by bacteria in cattle. , London: IntechOpen books

2018

J.K.N., KURIA, E.W. NGETHE, L.W. KUBUAGE, P.B. G.  2018.  Isolation of campylobacter spp and escherichia coli 0157: H7 from free-range indigenous chicken value chain in Kenya. East African Medical Journal. 95 :1116-1124.
KURIA, JOSEPHKN, AKWALU SAMUELKAMWILU, MUEMA LUCYMBEKE.  2018.  The etiology and public health significance of mycobacteriosis of cattle in Kenya. International Journal of Mycobacteriology. 7:251-6.

2017

Syomiti, M, Kuria J, Wahome R.  2017.  Effective Microorganisms as an Additive for Improving Feed Value of Maize stovers. : LAMBERT academic Publishers, Germany

2016

I., NKANDO, J. PEREZ-CASAL, M. MWIRIGI, T. P, H. T, E.L. B, et al.  2016.  Recombinant Mycoplasma mycoides proteins elicit protective immune responses against contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology . 171:103-114.

2013

KURIA, JOSEPHN, GATHOGO STEPHENM.  2013.  Concomitant dimorphic yeast fungi and Mycobacteria infections in beef cattle in Kenya. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research . 80(1):Art.#585.

2012

Nkando, I, Ndinda J, Kuria J, Naessens J, Mbithi F, et al.  2012.  Efficacy of two vaccine formulations against contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Kenyan indigenous cattle. Research in Veterinary Science . 93:93:568-573.
Gathogo, SM, Kuria JK, Ombui JN.  2012.  Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in slaughter cattle in Kenya: a postmortem, microbiological and DNA molecular study. Abstract

A study to determine the presence and prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in slaughter cattle in Kenya was carried out in two abattoirs from July to November 2009. Routine postmortem meat inspection was performed on a subpopulation of 929 cattle selected randomly from among 4,984. Carcases were inspected for gross tuberculous lesions which were then examined for acid-fast bacilli, (AFB), cultured for isolation of mycobacteria and the isolates characterised by DNA molecular analysis. Of the carcases examined, 176 (18.95 %, 95 % CI) had lesions suggestive of tuberculosis. AFB were observed in 63/176 of the lesioned cattle and mycobacteria were isolated from 64 of them. The isolates were identified as Mycobacterium bovis (19/64), Mycobacterium tuberculosis, (2/64) and mycobacteria other than tuberculosis (43/64). The prevalence of M. bovis by molecular analysis was 2.05 % (95 % CI). This study documents for the first time the presence of bovine tuberculosis among slaughter cattle in Kenya. There is therefore a need to formulate and implement control programmes in order to minimise transmission among animals and to humans. Isolation of M. tuberculosis from cattle underscores the risk tuberculous humans pose to animals

2011

Syomiti, M, Wanyoike M, Wahome RG, Kuria JKN.  2011.  The status of maize stover utilization as feed for livestock in Kiambu and Thika districts of Kenya: constraints and opportuniti. AbstractWebsite

Maize stover is an important feed resource in smallholder crop/livestock production systems. A situation analysis survey was undertaken in four administrative divisions, namely Kiambaa and Githuguri in the Kiambu district and Gatanga and Kamwangi in the Thika district as representatives of this system. The objective of the study was to establish baseline information on maize stover utilization as livestock feed and possible constraints and strategies to deal with these constraints. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Simple random sampling was used to select 15 respondents per district, giving a sample size of 30 households. Sampling criteria was based on dairy enterprise priority and a zero-grazing production system. Termite attacks during storage and low quality of stover were the major constraints in utilization of maize stover. Among the major strategies for dealing with the low quality of stover, was supplementation with spent brewers' grains, which was most important in Thika district, while in Kiambu district, supplementation with fodder grasses emerged highest. Treatment of dry maize stover with urea was among the least adopted technologies in the two districts. It was concluded from the study that the efficiency with which the available stover are utilized is compromised by poor handling before feeding. Some of the strategies adopted to overcome the identified constraint of low quality were also inappropriate. This may reflect the lack of technical know-how on how best to use the stover and/or inappropriateness of available technologies. There is a need to address this situation by adapting known and workable technologies under the local conditions.

2010

Syomiti, M, Wanyoike M, Wahome RG, J.K.N. KURIA.  2010.  In Sacco probiotic properties of effective microorganisms, (EM) in forage degradability. Livestock research for Rural Development . 22:1-6.
  2010.  Assessing the effectiveness of intubation as a challenge model in contagious bovine pleuropneumonia vaccine experiments. Abstract

A study was carried out to assess the effectiveness of a bronchoscope in administering a pathogenic field strain of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (MmmSC) in cattle challenge experiments. Out of 16 animals inoculated using the bronchoscope, 10 (62.2%) showed clinical disease as evidenced by fever and 15 (93.8%) displayed typical lesions of CBPP from which MmmSC was isolated. Serum samples collected weekly were tested by Complement Fixation Test (CFT) and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA). Antibodies to MmmSC were detected in 10 out of the 16 animals by the CFT and 11 out of the 16 animals by c-ELISA. The onset of clinical disease was as early as 2 days post-inoculation, and most of the animals developed clinical disease 2 to 3 weeks post-infection. These results clearly demonstrate that nasotracheal inoculation of pathogenic strain of MmmSC with the aid of a bronchoscope can lead to early onset of clinical disease; similar to previous studies but with higher numbers of animals showing clinical disease. This is in contrast with previous studies where early clinical disease was observed in as little as 15% of inoculated animals. This nasotracheal inoculation method using a bronchoscope can, therefore, be adopted for use in experimental challenge infections of cattle. This method is found to be a better replacement to the contact transmission method whose drawback includes extra cost of donor animals and unpredictable rate and timing of transmission from intubated to challenge animals.

2009

Kuria, JKN, Wahome RG, Jobalamin M, Kariuki SM.  2009.  Profile of Bacteria and Fungi on Money Coins. East African Medical Journal . 86:151-155.
Syomiti, MM, Wanyike MM, Wahome RG, Kuria, J K, Lukuyu B.  2009.  Effect of Feed Mixtures and Preservation period on the Nutritive Value and Fermentation characteristics of Ensiled maize stovers. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal. 74 (3 ):227-234.

2008

G, WR, TA N, AN M.  2008.  Toxicity of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Surface Lipid To Skin and Regional Lymph . Journal of Commonwealth Veterinary Association . 24:5-9.

2007

Njenga, MN, Kuria JKN, Wahome RG, P.B G, A.G T, C.G. M.  2007.  An Investigation into an outbreak of human anthrax in Maragua District, Central Kenya. The Kenya Veterinarian. 30:52-67.

2001

Kuria, JKN, Mbuthia PG, Kang'ethe EK, Wahome RG.  2001.  Caseous lymphadenitis in goats: The pathogenesis, Incubation Period and Serological Response after Experimental Infection. Veterinary Research communications. 25:89-97..
J.K.N., KURIA, R.G. W, P.K. G.  2001.  An account of a recent outbreak of Marek's disease in Kenya. The Kenya Veterinarian . 21 :34-36..

1998

Kuria, JKN, Wahome RG, Kang'ethe EK.  1998.  Caseous lymphadenitis in goats: the dose of infection and the serological response. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 68:601-604.

1997

Kuria, JKN.  1997.  An outbreak of ulcerative enteritis in a flock of cockerels. Bulletin of Animal Health and Prodroduction in Africa . 45:137-138.
Kuria, JKN, Wahome RG, Kang'ethe EK, Nyaga PN.  1997.  Clinical, serological and pathological response in goats infected with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis through cutaneous and subcutaneous routes. Bulletin of Animal Health and Prodroduction in Africa. 45:73-78.

1991

1990

Kuria, JKN.  1990.  Streptococcus zooepidemicus pneumonia in a donkey: A case report. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 38:197.
Kuria, JKN, Ngatia TA.  1990.  Caseous Lymphadenitis of sheep and goats in Kenya. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 38:15-18.

1989

Ngatia, TA, Mugera GM, Njiro SM, Kuria JKN, A.B. C.  1989.  Arteriosclerosis and related lesions in Rabbits. Journal of Comparative Pathology. 101:279-286.

1987

Munyua, SJM;, Agumbah GJO;, Njenga MN;, Kuria KJ;, Kamau JA.  1987.  Causes Of Pre-Weaning Mortality In Small And Medium Scale Intensive Piggeries In Central Kenya.

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