Blood pressure characteristics among slum dwellers in Kenya

Ongeti K, Ogeng'o J, Pulei A, Olabu B, Gakara C. "Blood pressure characteristics among slum dwellers in Kenya." Global Advanced Research. 2013;2(4):80-85.


Objectives: To assess the blood pressure characteristics of dwellers of Kibera slum. Design:
Descriptive crossectional study Setting: Kibera slum, Nairobi, Kenya. Patients and Methods: The
blood pressure, resting pulse rate and BMI was assessed among 400 dwellers of Kibera slum in
Nairobi, Kenya. The data collected was analysed for frequency and means using a statistical
program SPSS. Results: The mean blood pressure was 122/71mmHg. Systolic blood pressure was
higher in males than in females (p=0.001). Fifty two (13%) participants, 17.8% of males and 11.1%
of the females were hypertensive. Outstanding factors associated with hypertension included
male gender (p=0.001), a body mass index (BMI) > 25 and increasing age. Seven of the patients
knew they were hypertensive and 5 were on antihypertensive therapy. Conclusions: Prevalence of
hypertension in these urban slum dwellers is comparable to that reported in rural settings
elsewhere in Africa. There is need for public education concerning management of BMI and
hypertension starting early in life and regular screening of people at risk in the urban slum

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