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A. EO. "The Post-Colonial Historiography of Kenya." University of Nairobi Press; Submitted. Abstract
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A. DROTIENOALFREDT. "An Event History Analysis of Factors influencing entry into Parenthood in Nairobi.". In: Published African Population studies. March 2006. E Afr Med J; 2004. Abstract
African Population Studies 19 (2): 42-62
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "The First Ten Years of Open Heart Surgery - Dilemmas, Tribulations and Possibilities.". In: The East African Journal 69. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1992. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the bacteriology and antibiotic sensitivity of the bacterial isolates in chronic maxillary sinusitis patients seen at the Kenyatta National Hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, ENT department. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients had bilateral sntral washout done and the lavage submitted for culture and anti-microbial sensitivity between January and June 1996. RESULTS: Antral lavage yielded secretions in 63% of patients but bacteria were cultured in only 28.8% of the specimens. The isolates included Streptococcus pneumonia (22.2%), Staphylocococus albus (18.5%), Staphylocococus aureus (11.1%) and Enterobactericiae (11.1%). Anaerobic bacteria were cultured in 22.2% of the specimens. Of the commonly used antibiotics, there was high sensitivity to erythromycin, cefadroxyl, chloramphenicol and amoxicillin and poor sensitivity to ampicillin, cotrimoxazole and perfloxacin. CONCLUSION: The bacteriology of chronic maxillary sinusitis at Kenyatta National Hospital is generally similar to that found elsewhere. The bacteria are susceptible to relatively affordable antibiotics like amoxicillin, erythromycin and cefadroxyl.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Relevance of Higher Education in Africa in the 21st century".". In: African Regional Consultation, Preparatory to the World Conference on Higher Education in the 21st Century. UNESCO, DAKAR Senegal. 1st to 4th April 1997. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1997. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; "Effective Teaching in University" in F.A.Karani and J.A. Okumbe, University Staff Development, Part Two. German Foundation for International Development, Bonn.1991. pp 48 - 75.". In: .A.Karani and J.A. Okumbe, University Staff Development, Part Two. German Foundation for International Development, Bonn.1991. pp 48 - 75. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract
   
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Paton S, Nicolie L, Mwongera M, Kabiru P, Mirza N, Plummer F and WAMOLA I.A. Salmonella and Shigella Gastroenteritis at a public teaching hospital in Nairobi, Kenya. Inf. Control and Hosp. Epidemiol. 12(12): 710 1991.". In: Inf. Control and Hosp. Epidemiol. 12(12): 710 1991. IBIMA Publishing; 1991. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To measure the proportion of nosocomial diarrhea cases associated with Salmonella and Shigella species. DESIGN: Prospective 6-month survey. SETTING: Tertiary care center in a developing country. PATIENTS: Pediatric and adult patients admitted with the previous 24 hours and all consenting adult or pediatric medical patients with nosocomial diarrhea. OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of Salmonella and Shigella species isolated from rectal swabs at admission and among subjects with nosocomial diarrhea. RESULTS: Salmonella species and Shigella species were isolated from 3.0% and 2.5%, respectively, of 667 patients screened on admission. All admission Salmonella isolates were identified in children under 13 years of age; Shigella prevalence was similar for children and adults. Children with Salmonella at admission were significantly older and more likely to have diarrhea, fever, and some indicators of malnutrition than those from whom Salmonella was not isolated. Salmonella and Shigella were isolated from rectal cultures in 36 (10%) and 9 (2.5%) of 360 nosocomial gastroenteritis cases, respectively. Nosocomial cases occurred equally in adults and children. In adults, nosocomial Salmonella acquisition was associated with sharing a room with a diarrhea patient and previous institutionalization. In children, it was associated with recent antimicrobial therapy, crowding at home, and age between 6 months and 6 years. Nine (41%) of 22 nosocomial Salmonella cases in adults occurred in patients with human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) infection, while none of 79 HIV-1-positive patients had Salmonella isolated at admission. CONCLUSIONS: Salmonella is a frequent cause of nosocomial gastroenteritis in this tertiary care institution in a developing country. Risk factors appear to differ for children and adults, and HIV-1-infected subjects may be at increased risk of acquisition. Control measures feasible for the limited resources available to such institutions require evaluation. PIP: Researchers analyzed data on 667 patients admitted between March 9 and September 14, 1988 to the Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya to verify the contribution of Salmonella and Shigella species to hospital acquired infections and to identify factors associated with admission and nosocomial infection. Laboratory personnel isolated Salmonella and Shigella in 12.5% (10% and 2.5% respectively) of the 360 patients with nosocomial diarrhea. Their overall prevalence was 3% and 2.5% respectively. These 2 bacteria were isolated from rectal swabs from 19 of the 27 hospital units. Most of the isolates were restricted to 5 units. All of the Salmonella isolates at admission were children under 13 years old (3.6% of 556 children). Shigella prevalence at admission was 2.5% for children and 3.6% for adults. The risk of nosocomial diarrhea caused by these 2 bacteria was much greater in children older than 6 months and younger than 6 years than in children of other ages (odds ratio [OR]=21.7; p=.006). The most significant variables which independently affected nosocomial diarrhea caused by these bacteria in children were recent antimicrobial therapy (OR=26.4; p=.001) and living in crowded homes (OR=1.2; p=.02). Another determinant was poor hair color indicating malnutrition (p=.03). Even though there were no significant differences between adults with nosocomial diarrhea caused by these bacteria and those with no nosocomial diarrhea, sharing a room with people with diarrhea, being in the hospital within the last 30 days, and being HIV-1 positive were factors that almost reached significance. In fact, 9 of their 22 (41%) adults with positive cultures of Salmonella were HIV=1 positive yet Salmonella was not isolated from any of the 70 HIV-1 positive patients at admission. Salmonella contributed greatly to nosocomial diarrhea at this hospital. The hospital should evaluate and redesign its control measures within available limited resources.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Malek A.K.A, Ogeng.". In: Clin Anat. 2007 Nov;20(8):943-5. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2007. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER, G PROFGATEIDAVID, O PROFORINDADA. "Retrospective Study of Cancer of the Esophagus in Kenya.". In: Cancer Research, 38: 303 - 305. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1978. Abstract
Retrospective Sturdy of Cancer of the Esophagus in Kenya - Cancer Research, 38: 303 - 305, February 1978. (Second of five authors - D.G. Gatei, A.E.O. Wasunna, D.A. Orinda and J. Muruka).
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; "Effective Teaching in University" in F.A.Karani and J.A. Okumbe, University Staff Development, Part Two. German Foundation for International Development, Bonn.1991. pp 48 - 75.". In: .A.Karani and J.A. Okumbe, University Staff Development, Part Two. German Foundation for International Development, Bonn.1991. pp 48 - 75. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Chunge R, WAMOLA I.A, Kinoti J, Mutunga LN etc. Mixed infections in childhood diarrhoea: Results of a community study in Kiambu district, Kenya.East Afr Med J. 1989 Nov;66(11):715-23.". In: East Afr Med J. 1989 Nov;66(11):715-23. IBIMA Publishing; 1989. Abstract
One thousand four hundred and twenty diarrhoea specimens from 846 children aged 0 to 60 months were collected and analysed for bacteria, parasites and rotavirus over a 16 month period, from June 1985 to September 1986 inclusive. The study was conducted in 4 villages situated in Kiambu District, Kenya. All the specimens were analysed for rotavirus and parasites, including Cryptosporidium. The majority of the specimens were analysed for enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter and Aeromonas. Only 387 specimens were analysed for enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC). However, of this proportion analysed for ETEC, 33% were positive. A total of 344 specimens were negative for any organisms while a further 140 were only positive for parasites which have been implicated as being pathogenic, including Ascaris lumbricoides, Hymenolepis nana, Trichomonas hominis and Blastocysts hominis were considered to be at least potentially pathogenic and capable of causing diarrhoea. An average of only 29.4% of these organisms occurred as single isolates. The remaining infections were mixed, with a maximum of 7 potentially pathogenic organisms occurring together in a single specimen. The associations of certain organisms were significant, notably Campylobacter with Giardia lamblia. Campylobacter with EPEC, EPEC with Ascaris, and G. lamblia with rotavirus. The latter was a negative association.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1993. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: The Nairobi Journal of Medicine, Vol. 15 No 2. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1989. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Slack, RCB, WAMOLA I. A and Douglas, S W. Antimicrobial Sensitivities of Neisseria gonorrhoea in Nairobi and Treatment of Schedules. EAMJ research, Vol. No. 2.3 (1977), Pg 83-87.". In: EAMJ research, Vol. No. 2.3 (1977), Pg 83-87. IBIMA Publishing; 1977. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Keter, J.K.A., P.M. Gale and K.R. Reddy. 2000. Phosphate adsorption by various soils of Kenya. Infl. J. BiochemPhysics, Vol. 10, 13-20.". In: East Afr Med J. 2002 Sep;79(9):457-60. University of Nairobi Press; 2000. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""University of Nairobi position paper on Base for African Human Capacity Building".". In: The BAHCB Inter-University in East Africa Region Workshop 23 rd to 24 th March 2000. Intercontinental Hotel. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract
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A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A and Chesbro 1970. Identification of antigens in Jensen.". In: Bacteriology proceedings Pg. 79. IBIMA Publishing; 1970. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Ogutu BR, Nzila AM, Ochong E, Mithwani S, Wamola B, Olola CH, Lowe B, Kokwaro GO, Marsh K, Newton CR.The role of sequential administration of sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine following quinine in the treatment of severe falciparum malaria in children.Trop Med I.". In: Trop Med Int Health. 2005 May;10(5):484-8. IBIMA Publishing; 2005. Abstract
Sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) is often administered with quinine in the treatment of severe falciparum malaria to shorten the course of quinine. The efficacy of SP alone in the treatment of non-severe malaria has been declining rapidly in East Africa, raising concerns of the usefulness of a shortened course of quinine followed SP. We audited the efficacy of quinine/SP in the treatment of severe malaria in Kenyan children. Children with severe falciparum malaria were treated with parenteral quinine followed by a single oral dose of SP. A clinical evaluation was performed 3 weeks later in which a blood sample was obtained for full haemogram, blood slide and analysis of the parasite dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) codons, mutations of which are associated with resistance to SP. A total of 452 children were enrolled, of whom 374 completed the study. Fifty-two (13.9%) children were parasitaemic by 3 weeks of whom 17 (4.5%) had fever as well. The treatment failure group had a significantly higher parasitaemia (129 061 vs. 43 339; P<0.001) and haemoglobin on admission, but only admission parasitaemia independently predicted treatment failure. Those with treatment failure had a significantly lower rise in haemoglobin at 3 weeks compared with treatment successes (9.0 vs. 10.0 g/dl). Of the 76 parasite isolates collected before treatment, 40 (53%) were triple mutant DHFR-double DHPS (Tp-Db), the genotype most associated with SP resistance. Three weeks after SP treatment, the proportion of Tp-Db increased to 72% (31/43). The high treatment failure rate and proportion of parasites with Tp-Db negate the use of SP to shorten the course of quinine treatment in East Africa.
A. PROFESHIWANIARTHUR. "Fighting Two Sides: - Kenyas Chiefs and Politicians: 1918-1940 by Marshalls Clough (Niwot University Press, Colorado, A Review Article of the historic role of chiefs n Kikuyu-land in colonial Politics and administration, JMALR, London.". In: Journal of African Meteorological Society, vol.15, 2001. A Matimba, M Oluka, B Ebeshi, J Sayi, Bolaji, J Del Favero , C Van Broeckhoven, AN Guanta; 1995. Abstract
Oral infection with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a frequent and well documented complication in immunosuppressed individuals including patients on immunosuppressive medication. We report the development of severe oral infection with HSV type 1 in a 34 year old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end stage renal disease (ESRD) following cadaveric renal transplantation at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh. The role of acyclovir in therapy and chemoprophylaxis is discussed.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Literacy and Education".". In: The OSSREA Kenya Chapter National Conference on Poverty, Literacy, Health and Environmental Issues in Kenya : Exploring the Alternative Strategies. 28 th to 30 th March 2001. Stem Hotel. Nakuru. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract

 

 

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. ""Land Use Policy in Relation to Social Forestry in Kenya". Paper presented to the Social Forestry Refresher Course, Muguga, Nairobi, 12th to 16th March, 1990.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1990. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Higher Education in Africa".". In: The second symposium on East Africa in Transition: Images, Identities and Institutions. 2 nd to 4 th July 2001. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER, A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Spontaneous evacuation of an oesophageal foreign body after failed thoracotomy - MEDICOM.". In: The African Journal of Hospital Medicine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1998. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the bacteriology and antibiotic sensitivity of the bacterial isolates in chronic maxillary sinusitis patients seen at the Kenyatta National Hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, ENT department. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients had bilateral sntral washout done and the lavage submitted for culture and anti-microbial sensitivity between January and June 1996. RESULTS: Antral lavage yielded secretions in 63% of patients but bacteria were cultured in only 28.8% of the specimens. The isolates included Streptococcus pneumonia (22.2%), Staphylocococus albus (18.5%), Staphylocococus aureus (11.1%) and Enterobactericiae (11.1%). Anaerobic bacteria were cultured in 22.2% of the specimens. Of the commonly used antibiotics, there was high sensitivity to erythromycin, cefadroxyl, chloramphenicol and amoxicillin and poor sensitivity to ampicillin, cotrimoxazole and perfloxacin. CONCLUSION: The bacteriology of chronic maxillary sinusitis at Kenyatta National Hospital is generally similar to that found elsewhere. The bacteria are susceptible to relatively affordable antibiotics like amoxicillin, erythromycin and cefadroxyl.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Student Unrest in Public Universities".". In: Workshop on Working Together for Sustainable Development in Planning, Management and Gender Issues, organized for Vice Chancellors, Deputy Vice Chancellors and Principals of Public Universities in Kenya. Lake Elementaita Lodge, Gilgil, Kenya. 24 th t. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1998. Abstract

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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Mapping out Directions in Formal Education for the Girl Child in Kenya".". In: Technical Workshop on Mapping out Direction for the Girl Child in Kenya. 13th to 15th October 1993 at the Mary Ward - Karen. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1993. Abstract
   
A. MRMUNGAGILBERT. "(1995). Construction practices on expansive soils in Kenya. Proceedings of Symposium on Unsaturated Soil Behaviour and Applications. 22-23 August 1995, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Pp 146-151.". In: Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. Survey Review; 1995. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
A. OF. Mechanical Transmission of Trypanosoma evansi steele, by Stomoxys calcitrans.. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi ; 1983.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Petit PL, Wamola IA.Typhoid fever: a review of its impact and diagnostic problems. East Afr Med J. 1994 Mar;71(3):183-8.". In: East Afr Med J. 1994 Mar;71(3):183-8. IBIMA Publishing; 1994. Abstract
A retrospective analysis was done on the diagnosis of typhoid fever based on clinical symptoms and available laboratory data over the last 16 years from rural areas of four African countries. This analysis concentrated on the reliability of diagnosis without cultures which cannot be performed in most rural hospitals due to lack of the necessary expertise and equipment. The analysis showed the problem to be increasing perhaps because of interaction of salmonella infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), malnutrition and other infections together with neglected sanitary facilities and lack of clean water. The use of certain cardinal clinical symptoms combined with available laboratory tests were shown to enhance the diagnosis of typhoid fever, especially in vulnerable persons. In conclusion the paper suggests that using the approach followed to obtain this data in rural tropical areas one can confidently make a diagnosis of typhoid fever.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Saidi H, Anangwe D, Ogeng.". In: Clin Anat. 2007 Nov;20(8):943-5. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2007. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Odhiambo PA, Greenhalgh RM, Devine TJ.The effects of aorto-iliac operations on sexual function in the male and a re-emphasis on possible preventive techniques.East Afr Med J. 1979 Oct;56(10):490-7.". In: East Afr Med J. 1979 Oct;56(10):490-7. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1979. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Mapping out Directions in Formal Education for the Girl Child in Kenya".". In: Technical Workshop on Mapping out Direction for the Girl Child in Kenya. 13th to 15th October 1993 at the Mary Ward - Karen. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1993. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; "Adult Education and Information Development Projections in Distance and Continuing Education" in Information for National Development. Proceedings of the Kenya Library Association Annual Seminar, Nairobi. Published by the National Council fo.". In: Information for National Development. Proceedings of the Kenya Library Association Annual Seminar, Nairobi. Published by the National Council for Science. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1986. Abstract
   
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A. "Higher Education in Africa" in East Africa in Transition: Images, Identities and Institutions Eds. Bahemuka J.M. and Brockington J.I. University of Nairobi Press, (in Press 2002).". In: East Africa in Transition: Images, Identities and Institutions Eds. Bahemuka J.M. and Brockington J.I. University of Nairobi Press, (in Press 2002). Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract
Tetralones were converted to tetralinylamines via Leuckart reaction.These were then used to protect carboxamide side-chains of glutamine and asparagine. Clevage studies using trifluoroacetic acid and boron tristrifluoroacetate were then done on these derivatives. The groups 1-tetralinyl, 5,7-dimethyl-1-tetralinyl and 7-methoxy-1-tetralinyl were found to be good carboxamide protecting groups in asparagine.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1993. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; "Adult Education and Information Development Projections in Distance and Continuing Education" in Information for National Development. Proceedings of the Kenya Library Association Annual Seminar, Nairobi. Published by the National Council fo.". In: Information for National Development. Proceedings of the Kenya Library Association Annual Seminar, Nairobi. Published by the National Council for Science. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1986. Abstract

 

 

A. HASHIM. Crown and Crescent: Competing Policies on the Administration of Islamic Law in the East African Coast. University of Johannesburg, South Africa: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) Istanbul; 2009.crown_and_cresecent.pdf
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1990. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A and Slack RCB. Anaerobic Infection in Kenyatta National Hospital: Bacteriological Isolations. EAMJ Vol. 55 (6): 278, 1978.". In: EAMJ Vol. 55 (6): 278, 1978. IBIMA Publishing; 1978. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A; "Research Priorities in Adult and Continuing Education in Kenya" in The State of Adult and Continuing Education in Africa. Eds Indabawa S.A; Oduaran A; Afrik T., and Walters S. ISBN 99916 - 53 - 33-3. John Meinert Printing. Windhoek 2000 p. 1.". In: The State of Adult and Continuing Education in Africa. Eds Indabawa S.A; Oduaran A; Afrik T., and Walters S. ISBN 99916 - 53 - 33-3. John Meinert Printing. Windhoek 2000 p. 107- 114. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract
   
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A. and Gathaiya (1974). Some aspects of Gonorrhoea in Nairobi. The Nairobi Journal of Medicine. Vol 7:36-40.". In: The Nairobi Journal of Medicine. Vol 7:36-40. IBIMA Publishing; 1974. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Keter, J.K.A. and P.M. Ahn. 1986. Profile characteristics, and form and surface activity of inorganic phosphorus in a deep red Kenya coffee soil (Nitosol). J. Soil Sc. 37: 89-97.". In: First International Workshop on Capacity Building in Soil and Water Management in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 9-11 November, 1992. Academic Science Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN: 9966-831-15-0. University of Nairobi Press; 1986. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Pattern of extracranial peripheral aneurysms in a Kenyan referral hospital.". In: BSc. Dissertation University of Nairobi. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1986. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DROKOOLARAPHAELE. "Characteristics of the ITCZ over equatorial Eastern Africa based on station rainfall records.". In: J. Afric. Meteorol. Soc.,3, 61-101. Kenya Met Soc; 1998. Abstract
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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""University of Nairobi Students Management Information Systems. Present and Way Forward / Policy Issues".". In: The Joint Committee and University Management Workshop at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies. Ruaraka, Nairobi. Kenya. 24 th and 25 th September 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract

 

 

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. "Prioritizing Research Agena for Public Consumption in Developing Countries", paper presented to a Research Methodology Workshop for Cooperative College of Kenya Lecturers, Nyeri, 5th to 10th January, 1992.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1992. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. EO. "Schism and Renewal in Africa; The AICN revisited." Journal of African studies, June 1992 issue; 1992. Abstract
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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Gender Issues in Higher Education : What are the Challenges".". In: African Universities Day Seminar Association of Africa Universities (AAU) Kenyatta University 13th and 14th November 1995. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1995. Abstract
   
A. A. Ogacho, Ajuoga P, Aduda BO. "Suppression of Anatase to Rutile Phase Transformation of Niobium doped TiO2 Synthesized by High Temperature Diffusion Technique." International Educative Research Foundation and Publisher. 2015;3(6):140-146. AbstractJournal Article Website

The effects of niobium doping (for doping concentrations: 0.02 – 0.06 at. % Nb5+) on the crystal structure of
TiO2 prepared by high temperature diffusion method were investigated. The samples were characterized using
energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and X- ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy to investigate the
chemical compositions, phase compositions and crystallinity of the thin films respectively. Despite the expected
high reutilization at high temperatures (>600oC), XRD results confirmed a significant suppression of anatase to
rutile phase transformation at even a higher synthesis (850oC) temperature. Grain growth retardation was also
observed in niobium doped TiO2, results which were attributed to Nb5+ substitution of lattice Ti4+.
Key words: Anatase, rutile, phase transformation, grain growth

A. A. Ogacho, and B. O. Aduda, Nyongesa FW. "Thermal Shock Behaviour of a Kaolinte Refractory prepared using a natural organic binder." Journal of Material Science. 2006;41:8276-8283.
A. O. Adero, P. Baki, P. K, and Mito CO. "Identification of Night-Time F-Region Currents from CHAMP Satellite Observations over Equatorial Africa." International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences. 2013;3(1):9-14.
A. Ogacho, and B. O. Aduda, Nyongesa FW. "Thermal conductivity of a kaolinite refractory: effect of a plant-derived organic binder." J. Mat. Sci. 2003;38 :2293-2297.
A. S. Azi, Riechi A. R., Khatete I. W. "Adequacy Assessment of Government’s Budgetary Allocations for the Provision of Lecture Halls in Nigeria’s Federal Universities." International Journal of Social Sciences and Information Technology. 2017;II(XI):1455-1467.abstract_5.doc
A.A O-O, Fadairo O, Ameyaw J, Yiran G, Mutisya E, Mfune O, Fuh D, Nyerere J, Sulemana N. "Learning to Solve Africa's Problems by Africans: Innovations for Addressing the Canker of Corruption." African journal of Sustainable Development. 2014;Vol 4(3)(Special Issue, ISSN 2315-6317.).
A.A McLigeyo, G. Lule, Otieno CF, J.K Kayima, Omonge E. "Factors associated with the development of HIV associated lipodystrophy in patients on long-term HAART." academic journals. 2012;5(12):448-454. Abstract

Highly active antiretroviral therapy is effective in reducing viral load and increasing survival in HIV-1-infected patients. It consists of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and a protease inhibitor or two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. The efficacy of Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is however compromised by adverse events such as lipodystrophy in patients on long-term HAART. This study was carried out in 265 HIV-1 seropositive patients treated with HAART for 6 months and longer, in order to correlate patients’ age, gender, CD4 counts, WHO stage at initiation of HAART, duration and type of anti-retroviral therapy with development of lipodystrophy. A longer duration of therapy was found to be significantly associated with the development of lipodystrophy with 19 patients (24.7%), 73 patients (60.8%) (OR 2.06; CI 1.21 to 3.51, p value 0.004) and 39 patients (67.2%) (OR 2.34; CI 1.21 to 1.46, p value 0.006) having lipodystrophy at 6 to 18, 18 to 36 and 36 to 72 months of treatment, respectively. The odds of lipodystrophy after HAART for 18 to 36 months and 36 to 72 months was 4.14 (p < 0.0001) and 6.179 (p < 0.0001) times, respectively, higher than after HAART for 6 to 18 months. There was no association between age, gender, CD4 counts, WHO stage and the development of lipodystrophy.

Key words: Lipodystrophy, immune reconstitution, protease inhibitors, WHO clinical stage, duration of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART).

A.A. Ali, Gitau AN, Hassan MA, Gumbe LO, Gichuki NN. "Household solid waste generation and management practices." Waste Management. 2010;(30):1752-1755.
A.A. McLigeyo, G. Lule, C.F.OTIENO, J.K. Kayima, Omonge E. "Metabolic factors associated with the development of lipodystrophy in patients on long-term highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)." Academic journals. 2013;5(5):142-148. Abstract

Dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and diabetes are frequent in patients on highly active anti-retroviral
therapy (HAART) and especially in patients with lipodystrophy, and may lead to atherosclerosis. This
study described the metabolic alterations associated with lipodystrophy in adults on chronic HAART in
Kenya. The prevalence of dyslipidaemia amongst the study participants was (211) 79.6%. Elevated total
cholesterol was found in 129, high low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in 107, low High-density
lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in 110 and high triglycerides in 131 participants. Lipodystrophic
patients were more likely to have dyslipidemia than normal lipids (55.4 versus 35.1%, p = 0.007 OR 2.2
CI 1.3 to 4.6) with 57, 45.9, 65.9 and 45.2% having elevated total cholesterol, elevated LDL-C, elevated
triglycerides and low HDL-C, respectively. Hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia were
significantly associated with lipodystrophy (OR 3.8 CI 2.3 to 6.4; p = 0.000) and (OR 1.94 CI 1.2 to 3.2; p
= 0.008), respectively. The odds of lipodystrophy was 2.913 times higher for patients with elevated
triglycerides than for those with normal triglycerides (p < 0.001). Sixty-four (24.3%) participants had
dysglycemia, with 3.5% having diabetes and 20.8% having impaired fasting glucose (IFG). Among
patient with lipodystrophy, 69.8% had normal fasting glucose, 25.1% had IFG and 5.1% were diabetic.
Lipodystrophic patients were not more likely to have abnormal blood sugars than normal blood sugars
(p value 0.125).

A.A. McLigeyo, G. Lule, C.F.OTIENO, J.K. Kayima, E. Omonge. "Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated lipodystrophy: The prevalence, severity and phenotypes in patients on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) in Kenya." Academic journals. 2013;5(4):107-113. Abstract

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is widely accessible to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals in Kenya. Their long term use is associated with chronic complications such as lipodystrophy which may lead to stigmatization, reduced self esteem and poor adherence to HAART. This cross-sectional study described the prevalence of lipodystrophy, the phenotypes and severity among adult HIV infected patients on chronic HAART at a HIV clinic in Kenya. Data were collected using an investigator administered questionnaire and anthropometric measurements done using a protocol based on the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The prevalence of lipodystrophy was 51.3% (confidence interval (CI) 45.6 to 57.6). Lipoatrophy occurred in 44%, lipohypertrophy in 15% and mixed syndrome in 41% of patients with lipodystrophy. Facial atrophy occurred in 75.7% of patients with lipodystrophy, upper limb atrophy in 48.5%, and lower limb atrophy in 36.8%. Abdominal obesity occurred in 40.4% of patients with lipodystrophy, breast enlargement in 30.9% and dorsocervical fat accumulation in 5.1%. Most patients had severe lipoatrophy, whereas lipohypertrophy was described as mild to moderate using the HIV out-patient study (HOPS) scale. HIV associated lipodystrophy was common in HIV-infected patients on chronic HAART. The main phenotype was lipoatrophy which majority of the patients described as severe.

A.B R, M G, G.J W, a.w Wanhohi. "Education for Environmental Awareness’ in Nairobi. Social and Religious Concerns of E. Africa, A ." Education for Environmental Awareness’ in Nairobi. Social and Religious Concerns of E. Africa, A . 2005.
A.B. R. "The Concept of Biodiversity in the IUCN-CES/NES Biodiversity Module for Primary Teacher Training College Tutor." The Concept of Biodiversity in the IUCN-CES/NES Biodiversity Module for Primary Teacher Training College Tutor. 1995.
A.B.Rugendo, Karimi PN, B.K.Amugune, Maima AO. "Impact Of Medication Related Problems on Individualized Dispensing at Kenyatta National Hospital." The Pharm. J. Kenya. . 2015;22(3):73-77.
A.Duraiappah, G.K.Ikiara, Manundu M, Nyangena W, R.Sinange. "Land Tenure, Land Use, Environmental Degradation and Conflict Resolution: a PASIR Analysis for the Narok District, Kenya." International Institute for Environment and Develo pment, London and Institute for Environmental Studies. 2000.
A.L. T, J.K I, K. M. "A Framing Analysis of Newspaper Coverage of Genetically Modified Crops in Kenya." Journal of Agricultural & Food Information. 2013;04(02):132-150.
A.M H, Ongeri BO. "Effect of Islamic banking development on economic growth –A case of the Kenyan Economy." International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology . 2020;7(2).
A.M G, P. L, S. L, M. W, H. A-A, M. F, G. C, Z. Q, JP. S. "Active management of the third stage of labour with and without controlled cord traction: a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial." Lancet. 2012;379(9827):1721-7. Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Active management of the third stage of labour reduces the risk of post-partum haemorrhage. We aimed to assess whether controlled cord traction can be omitted from active management of this stage without increasing the risk of severe haemorrhage.

METHODS:

We did a multicentre, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial in 16 hospitals and two primary health-care centres in Argentina, Egypt, India, Kenya, the Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, and Uganda. Women expecting to deliver singleton babies vaginally (ie, not planned caesarean section) were randomly assigned (in a 1:1 ratio) with a centrally generated allocation sequence, stratified by country, to placental delivery with gravity and maternal effort (simplified package) or controlled cord traction applied immediately after uterine contraction and cord clamping (full package). After randomisation, allocation could not be concealed from investigators, participants, or assessors. Oxytocin 10 IU was administered immediately after birth with cord clamping after 1-3 min. Uterine massage was done after placental delivery according to local policy. The primary (non-inferiority) outcome was blood loss of 1000 mL or more (severe haemorrhage). The non-inferiority margin for the risk ratio was 1·3. Analysis was by modified intention-to-treat, excluding women who had emergency caesarean sections. This trial is registered with the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, ACTRN 12608000434392.

FINDINGS:

Between June 1, 2009, and Oct 30, 2010, 12,227 women were randomly assigned to the simplified package group and 12,163 to the full package group. After exclusion of women who had emergency caesarean sections, 11,861 were in the simplified package group and 11,820 were in the full package group. The primary outcome of blood loss of 1000 mL or more had a risk ratio of 1·09 (95% CI 0·91-1·31) and the upper 95% CI limit crossed the pre-stated non-inferiority margin. One case of uterine inversion occurred in the full package group. Other adverse events were haemorrhage-related.

INTERPRETATION:

Although the hypothesis of non-inferiority was not met, omission of controlled cord traction has very little effect on the risk of severe haemorrhage. Scaling up of haemorrhage prevention programmes for non-hospital settings can safely focus on use of oxytocin.

FUNDING:
United States Agency for International Development and UN Development Programme/UN Population Fund/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research

A.N K’iri, P.M K, R.D. N, R.K M. Transmission and control of purple blotch in onions .; 1994.
A.N G, C.K. M. "Metabolism of cathinone to d- norpseudoephedrine in humas." J. Pharm Sci. 1983;72(10):1217-8.
A.O B, W.O PO, Dr. Ouma GO, Dr. Onono JO. "Pastoralist Perceptions on Climate Change and Variability in Kajiado in Relation to Meteorology Evidence." Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2016;5(1):37-46. Abstractpastoralist_perceptions_on_climate_change_and_variability_in_kajiado_in_relation_to_meteorology_evidence.pdfAcademic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies

This study provides an overview of changing climatic conditions in Kajiado County based on analysis of climatic data and perception of pastoralist on key climatic variables. It collates the two sources of knowledge on climate change, indicating the consistency and inconsistency between the two. Rainfall and temperature data of the study area for a period of 43 years
(1970-2013) was collected from Kenya Meteorological Service, organized and analyzed using Microsoft excel. The perception of Maasai pastoralist to climate change was determined using questionnaires, focus group discussions and key informant interview. Result shows that rainfall trend in Kajiado County have a high variability level (CV %) of 27.5% for Kajiado North, 21.5% for Kajiado West, 26.4% for Kajiado East and 25.2% for Kajiado Central. Although, there is no significant change for rainfall over the study period, result on perception revealed that 83% of respondent perceive that rainfall amount is reducing in the last 30 years. However, perception of pastoralist about years of extreme drought corroborates the meteorological trend of years with very low rainfall. A rise in minimum temperature (1.410C), maximum temperature (0.470C) and average temperature (0.940C) occurred between 1970 and 2013. This agrees with the perception of 81% of Maasai pastoralist, which perceived that temperature has been increasing in the last 30 years. Overall, the results of this study are in line with recent trend of global warming in the region as reported by the latest Intergovernmental panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2014) report.

Keywords: climate change, rainfall, temperature, perception

b c A.O. Opere a, * MWSP. "At site flood frequency analysis for the Nile Equatorial basins." Physics and Chemistry of the Earth . 2006;2006(31):919-927.opere_jpce-abstract.pdf
A.P S, K.C C. "Benchmarking Quality of Experience (QoE) offered by Mobile Network Operators in Kenya: A User-Centric Approach,." International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering. 2015;5(1).
A.Vassiliev E. "New Tendencies in the Development of Anglophone Novel in East Africa - in: Africa in a Changing World." Moscow: Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. 1997:331-332.
A.W N, N.B P, E.O W, D.W O. "High khat dose and long-term exposure impairs spermatogenesis: experimental study using rabbit model." Journal of Morphological Sciences. 2017;34:156-167.
A.W N, J.A O, D.O O, S C. "Khat (Catha edulis) Addiction, effects on general body health and interventional remedial measures.". In: Drug Abuse: Addiction and Recovery Volume 1 Chapter 4. Open access e-books; 2019.
A.W. N, NW G, G.N K. "Inspiring a shared Vision: Getting all the Teachers in the Bandwagon. Journal of Education Practice, ISSN (Paper)2222-1735 ISSN (Online)2222-288X.". 2015. Abstract

Effective organizations have often been associated with the kind of leadership practice exercised in such organizations. When schools are not performing well, the blame is usually put on the principal who is the leader of the school. This study explored the relationship between secondary school Principals’ transformational leadership practice of inspiring a shared vision and students’ academic performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE). The study was carried out in Nairobi County, Kenya. Stratified sampling process was used to ensure that both public and private schools in Nairobi were captured in the study. Leadership behaviour was measured using the Leadership Practices Inventory-(“Self” and “others”). Correlational research design was employed in data analysis. Pearson correlations were used to establish if there was a relationship between transformational leadership characteristics and academic performance. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test if a relationship existed between selected demographic characteristics and the interaction of leadership characteristics of principals’ and students’ academic performance. To test relationships between principals’ ratings and teachers’ ratings, ratings of male principals and female principals, t-test was used. Results indicated a positive correlation of “Inspiring a shared vision”. It was recommended that secondary school principals should exhibit transformational leadership of inspiring a shared vision in order to succeed in today’s changing world of educational leadership.

AA A, TM M, P N, C O, S. R. "Breast Cancer Prevalence Among Patients Referred for Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya." J Glob Radiol. 2018;4((1)):10.7191/jgr.2018.1037.
AA S, D V, E M. "A Controller for a Wind Driven Micro-Power Electric Generator.". In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Advances in Engineering and Technology. Entebbe, Uganda; 2006.
AB K, Kosgei RJ, EJ C, S M, P O, NM O, JG K. " case report of breaking bad news with maternal death." AJOL . 2013;vol 25,( number 1, 2013 Abstract ISSN 1012, 8867).
AB K, Kosgei RJ, JG K, EJ C, NM O, P O. "The sting of death: a case report of breaking bad news with maternal death." JOGECA . 2013;25((1)): 32-34.
AB Bugah, Ndavi PM, Jaldesa G, Njoroge PL. "Large follicular cyst in pregnancy." East African Medical Journal. 2017;94(9).
Abade OE, Kawaguchi N. " Design and Implementation of an XCAST6 Routing Engine.". In: at the 79th Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) meeting. Beijing, China; 2010.
Abade OE, Kaji K, Kawaguchi N. "QS-XCAST: a QoS aware XCAST implementation.". In: 5th International ICST Conference on Simulation Tools and Techniques. Desenzano, Italy; 2012.
Abade OE, Kaji K, Kawaguchi N. Quantitative simulation of XCAST6 performance using OMNeT++.. Bangkok, Thailand; 2011.
Abade OE, Kaji K, Kawaguchi N. "Scalable QoS for XCAST using Differentiated Services Architecture." Journal of Information Processing. 2013;21(1).
Abade OE, Kaji K, Kawaguchi N. "Design, Implementation and Evaluation of a Routing Engine for a multipoint communication protocol: XCAST6." International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security. 2011;11(5):200-209.
Abagi O, Odipo G. Access, Quality and Efficiency in Education in Kenya. Nairobi: Institute of Policy Analysis and Research (IPAR).; 1997.
Abakiri D, Rose O, Anthony M. "Effects of Domestic Gender Roles on Pupils’ Performance in Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Public Primary Schools in Garba Tula District, Kenya ." Journal of Education and Practice . 2014;5( 2222-1735 (Paper) 2222-288X (Online)).
Abala DO. "Export propensity and intensity of Kenyan manufacturing firms: An Empirical Analysis." Journal of Emerging issues in Economics ,Finance and Banking (JEIFB) . 2013;2(2):616-634.
Abala D, Mwabu G, Mwega F. ""Does Total Factor Productivity Matter for Exports? Kenyan Evidence"." African Journal of Social Sciences,. 2013;3(2):30-44.
Abala DO. "Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis of Kenyan Data.". In: DBA Africa Management Review. Vol. 4.; 2014:. Abstractforeign_direct_investment_and_economic_growth__an_empirical_analysis_of_kenyan_data.pdf

The paper investigates the main drivers of real Gross Domestic Product growth in Kenya as well as those that drive the foreign direct investment (FDI) in Kenya. It is widely acknowledged that FDI has potential benefits that accrue to host countries. The view suggests that FDI is important for economic growth as it provides much needed capital, increases competition in host countries and helps local firms to become more productive by adopting more efficient technology. Kenya’s record in attracting FDI
from the 1980s has been poor though it was a favoured destination in the 1970s.The study findings show that FDIs in Kenya are mainly market-seeking and these require growing GDPs, political stability and good infrastructure, market size as well as reduction in corruption levels. The prevalence of crime and insecurity would be impediments to FDI inflow. The policy implications of this study are that Kenya’s FDI’s tend to be mainly market seeking and for this reason policy makers in Kenya should focus on improving political stability, emphasize the development of good infrastructure and growing the country’s GDP. This should be coupled with a serious attempt at reducing corruption levels as well as a serious assault on the prevalence of crime and insecurity which are major impediments to this type of FDI inflows.
Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Economic Growth, Determinants, Kenya

Abala DO, Mwabu G, Mwega FM. "Does Total Factor Productivity Matter For Exports? Kenyan Evidence." African Journal of Social Science. 2013;Vol. 3(Number 2):30-44.
Abala D. "Lecture Series: Introduction to Microeconomics, University of Nairobi Press.". In: Eastern Africa Economic Review.; 2006.
Abala DO. "Determinants of manufactured exports in Kenya:An application of control function approach." DBA Africa management review. 2013;Vol. 3 no.1(1):50-72. Abstract

This paper uses firm level survey panel data to estimate parameters of export propensity and intensity in Kenyan manufacturing. The effects of unobservable factors that would otherwise bias the estimated parameters are removed using a control function regression procedure. The key finding of the study is that export propensity and intensity are strongly responsive to total factor productivity. In particularly a 10% increase in total factor productivity increases export propensity by 54%, but export intensity rises less steeply by 18%. We also find that ownership structure of the firm and unobserved factors specific to firms strongly influence exports. Taken together, the estimation results provide insights into the policies
needed to promote entry and stay of firms in export markets. The findings suggest that policy measures to improve export performance of Kenyan firms should focus on improving total factor productivity, encouraging foreign direct investment and stimulating modernization of manufacturing capital.

Keywords: Exports, manufacturing firms, total factor productivity, control function approach, Kenya.

Abass AM, and Mwaura F. "Remembering the drylands of Kenya integrating the ASAL economy to the Kenya Vision 2030. Mbugua wa Mungai and George Gona (ed).". In: Remembering Kenya: Identity,Culture, Freedom, Vol. 4. Nairobi: Twaweza Communications; 2013.
Abate A;, Wanyoike M;, Said AN. "Milk Production Under Integrated Farming Systems in Kenya."; 1987.
Abate, Gugsa; Kogi-Makau W; MNM. Hygiene and health-seeking behaviours of households as predictors of nutritional insecurity among preschool children in urban slums in Ethiopia: the case of Addis Ababa.; 2001. Abstract

The objective of the study was to establish hygiene and health-seeking practices most likely to be predictors of nutritional insecurity among children living in slums. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to May 1997 comparing 192 households with and 192 without malnourished children. All the households with children in the 3 - 36-month age group were identified. Using underweight (weight-for-age) as an indicator of nutritional insecurity, the households were classified into two groups, namely nutritionally secure and insecure households Subsequently, sampling frames for each set of households were established and used to select the study households randomly. Four slums in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, constituted the study sites. The results indicated that there was not a significant difference between secure and insecure households with regard to prevalence of immunisation and dietary (food withholding) habits during episodes of diarrhoea. After adjusting (by means of logistical regression) for covariates, six household behaviours were established as having the power to predict exposure to childhood natritional insecurity in urban slums of Ethiopia. The presence of children's faeces inside the house, failure to have diarrhoea treated at a health facility, prolonged storage of cooked foods (beyond 24 hours), feeding children with unwashed hands, and poor handling of drinking water and foods are risk factors that can predict nutritional insecurity. Advice with a view to achieving sustainable behaviour change in households, namely good personal and household hygiene practices and increased utilisation of health facilities is recommended as being essential in addressing challenges to nutritional insecurity and in optimising the success of public health programmes.

Abate A;, Wakhungu JW;, Mutiga ER. "Effect of feeding system on animal production and reproduction.".; 1992.
Abate, Gugsa; Kogi-Makau, Kogi-Makau, Wambui; Muroki NM, Muroki NM. "Child-feeding practices as predictors of nutritional status of children in a slum area in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia."; 1999. Abstract

In a across-sectional study carried out in four purposefully selected slum kebeles of Addis Ababa, the nutritional status of 758 children aged 6 - 36 months was measured and subsequently classified into malnourished and well nourished groups. Child-feeding practices of randomly selected mothers of the two groups of children were compared with the view of identifying practices that contribute to child-nutrition insecurity in the study area. The result indicated that the majority of the mothers (i.e. 99.5% in the malnourished and 98.4% in well nourished groups) had initiated breast-feeding, and no significant difference was found either in the median or mean duration of breast-feeding between the two groups of mothers. After adjustment has been made (through logistic regression) for covariates, the study established that exclusive breast-feeding beyond four months, feeding low quality diet with a frequency of less than four times and giving porridge with feeding bottle as well as low household income are the risk factors contributing to young children’s nutrition-insecurity in the slum section of Addis Ababa. Hence, demonstrative and sustained education focusing on appropriate child-feeding is recommended together with initiation of income generating projects with a view of empowerment of those families whose monthly income is low. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 1999;13(3):229-2 Introduction About 79% of the population of Addis Ababa lives in low-grade, congested slum areas (1). Studies which address nutritional problems have found that malnutrition continues to be a serious health problem in the slums (2-5). One study in Nairobi slum (6), where 86.2% of the preschoolers were reported to have been stunted, provides a good basis for understanding that slum children are most vulnerable to malnutrition. Hofvander and Eksmyer (7), who found about 3% prevalence of severe PEM, reported that PEM is the main nutritional problem for young children in the slum of Addis Ababa. It is a well established fact that malnutrition manifests itself as a function of many and complex factors (8-10). It is directly linked to poor dietary intake and diseases, which in turn result from an interaction of various underlying factors which include crisis in household food security, inappropriate child care and feeding practices, unhealthy place of residence, and insufficient basic health services (8-11). An unfavourable health environment caused by inadequate water and sanitation can increase the probability of infectious diseases and indirectly form certain types of malnutrition (8-11). Further, poor socio-economic variables, cultural beliefs, and lack of parental education, especially that of mothers, are all cited to affect a person's nutritional status (8-13). Thus, nutrition planning and advice to a community needs to be grounded on good information and knowledge of which individual variables

Abate A;, Kayongo - Male H;, Wanyoike MM. "Fodder for High Potential Areas in Kenya.".; 1985.
Abate A;, Wanyoike MM;, Badamana MS;, Abate AN. Towards Improving Animal Production In The Rangelands..; 1989.Website
Abate A;, Wanyoike MM;, Badamana MS;, Abate AN. Towards Improving Animal Production In The Rangelands..; 1989.Website
pollution clean technology: a case for metal emisiion abatement A&, Mbuthia RN. Air pollution & clean technology: a case for metal emisiion abatement.; 2006.
Abayo GO;, Ransom JK;, Oswald A;, Ariga ES;, Friesen D. "Effect Of Short-term Improved Fallow On Striga Infestation In Maize.".; 2000.
Abbas SA, Aduda J. "Islamic Banking and Investment Financing: A Case of Islamic Banking in Kenya." International Journal of Finance. 2017;2(1):66-87.
Abbott CJ, Grünert U, Pianta MJ, McBrien NA. "Retinal thinning in tree shrews with induced high myopia: {Optical} coherence tomography and histological assessment." Vision Research. 2011;51:376-385. AbstractWebsite

This study determined retinal thinning in a mammalian model of high myopia using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and histological sections from the same retinal tissue. High myopia was induced in three tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri) by deprivation of form vision via lid suture of one eye, with the other eye a control. Ocular biometry data was obtained by Ascan ultrasonography, keratometry and retinoscopy. The Zeiss StratusOCT was used to obtain Bscans in vivo across the retina. Subsequently, eyes were enucleated and retinas fixed, dehydrated, embedded and sectioned. Treated eyes developed a high degree of axial myopia (−15.9 ± 2.3 D; n = 3). The OCT analysis showed that in myopic eyes the nasal retina thinned more than the temporal retina relative to the disc (p = 0.005). Histology showed that the retinas in the myopic eyes comprise all layers but were thinner than the retinas in normal and control eyes. Detailed thickness measurements in corresponding locations of myopic and control eyes in superior nasal retina using longitudinal reflectivity profiles from OCT and semithin vertical histological sections showed the percentage of retinal thinning in the myopic eyes was similar between methods (OCT 15.34 ± 5.69%; histology 17.61 ± 3.02%; p = 0.10). Analysis of retinal layers revealed that the inner plexiform, inner nuclear and outer plexiform layers thin the most. Cell density measurements showed all neuronal cell types are involved in retinal thinning. The results indicate that in vivo OCT measurements can accurately detect retinal thinning in high myopia.

Abbott CJ, Grünert U, Pianta MJ, McBrien NA. "Retinal thinning in tree shrews with induced high myopia: {Optical} coherence tomography and histological assessment." Vision Research. 2011;51:376-385. AbstractWebsite

This study determined retinal thinning in a mammalian model of high myopia using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and histological sections from the same retinal tissue. High myopia was induced in three tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri) by deprivation of form vision via lid suture of one eye, with the other eye a control. Ocular biometry data was obtained by Ascan ultrasonography, keratometry and retinoscopy. The Zeiss StratusOCT was used to obtain Bscans in vivo across the retina. Subsequently, eyes were enucleated and retinas fixed, dehydrated, embedded and sectioned. Treated eyes developed a high degree of axial myopia (−15.9 ± 2.3 D; n = 3). The OCT analysis showed that in myopic eyes the nasal retina thinned more than the temporal retina relative to the disc (p = 0.005). Histology showed that the retinas in the myopic eyes comprise all layers but were thinner than the retinas in normal and control eyes. Detailed thickness measurements in corresponding locations of myopic and control eyes in superior nasal retina using longitudinal reflectivity profiles from OCT and semithin vertical histological sections showed the percentage of retinal thinning in the myopic eyes was similar between methods (OCT 15.34 ± 5.69%; histology 17.61 ± 3.02%; p = 0.10). Analysis of retinal layers revealed that the inner plexiform, inner nuclear and outer plexiform layers thin the most. Cell density measurements showed all neuronal cell types are involved in retinal thinning. The results indicate that in vivo OCT measurements can accurately detect retinal thinning in high myopia.

Abdalla F, Mwanda OW, Rana F. "Comparing walk-in and call-responsive donors in a national and a private hospital in Nairobi.". 2005. AbstractWebsite

Background: The non-remunerated donors in many of Kenya's hospital blood banks are either call responsive (CR) or walk-in (Wl) donors. These donors impact differently
on the national blood transfusion services.
Objective: To examine the walk-in (Wl) and call responsive (CR) donors' influence on the national blood transfusion services.
Design: A retrospective study.
Setting: A national referral and a private hospital in Nairobi, Kenya.
Main outcome measures: Donor's age, sex, whether walk in or responded to a call to donate for a relative or emergency blood requirement and test results of; HIV, HBsAg, syphilis and HCV.
Results: Between April 1999 and April 2000, 10,295 persons donated blood either
responding to a call or walked in. The national referral hospital had 8,563 (83%) and private hospital 1,732 (17%). In total, 2.5% were Wl and 97.5% CR. The lowest age of donors were CR 15, and Wl 18 years. Of 1,138 (11.1%) rejected were 4.6% Wl and 11.2% CR donors. The infections 5.8% HIV, 4% HBSAg, 1.2% VDRL and 0.2% HCV were statistically significant in Wl compared to CR (p=0.002), also in female compared to male donors (p=0.001).
Conclusion: This study shows that walk in donors were fewer than call responsive but had less rates of transfusion associated infections.

Abdalla RO, Qureshi MM, Saidi H, Abdallah A. "Introduction of the Canadian CT Head Rule Reduces CT Scan Use in Minor Head Injury." Ann. Afr. Surg.. 2015;12(1):19-21.
ABDALLAH DRAL-ASARAYMAMIBRAHIM. ""The Role of the Narrator in Swahili Plays", faculty fo languages and Translation studies, Al-Azhar University, Issue 33. and also published in African perspective, second volume, Issue 8, winter 2001-2002, state Information Service.". In: IEE Journal in Engineering, Science and Education, Vol. & (NO) vol. 7, no. 2, pp. pp. 81-87. Academic Journals; 2002. Abstract
21) S. Derese, A. Yenesew, J.O. Midiwo, Heydenreich and M.G. Peter. (). ..
ABDALLAH DRAL-ASARAYMAMIBRAHIM. ""Wole Soyinka Nigerian Nobel Prize Winner", African perspective, third volume, Tenth Issue, summer 2002, state information service.". In: IEE Journal in Engineering, Science and Education, Vol. & (NO) vol. 7, no. 2, pp. pp. 81-87. Academic Journals; 2002. Abstract
21) S. Derese, A. Yenesew, J.O. Midiwo, Heydenreich and M.G. Peter. (). ..
Abdallah F, Axt J, Axt M, Githanga J, Hansen E, Lessan J, Li M, et al. "Wilms Tumor Survival in Kenya." National Institute of Health. 2013;48(6)(june 2013):1254-1262.
ABDALLAH DRAL-ASARAYMAMIBRAHIM. ""Swahili Drama in East Africa", African perspective, second volume, fifth Issue, spring 2001, state information service.". In: IEE Journal in Engineering, Science and Education, Vol. & (NO) vol. 7, no. 2, pp. pp. 81-87. Academic Journals; 2001. Abstract
21) S. Derese, A. Yenesew, J.O. Midiwo, Heydenreich and M.G. Peter. (). ..
ABDALLAH DRAL-ASARAYMAMIBRAHIM. ""Principal character in Swahili Drama" Faculty of languages & Translation studies, Al-Azhar university, Issue 34. And also published in African perspective, fourth volume, Issue 13 Summer 2003, State Information Service.". In: IEE Journal in Engineering, Science and Education, Vol. & (NO) vol. 7, no. 2, pp. pp. 81-87. Academic Journals; 2003. Abstract
21) S. Derese, A. Yenesew, J.O. Midiwo, Heydenreich and M.G. Peter. (). ..
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Hassan FZ, Saleh MN, Abdel Malek AK, Lenne Y, Elbadry M. 1992. Retinal epithelium and its relations to the photoreceptors. Conf Egypt Soc Basic Med Sc. Jan 2, 1992. Cairo.". In: Conf Egypt Soc Basic Med Sc. Jan 2, 1992. Cairo. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1992. Abstract
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ABDEL MALEKADELKAMEL. "Regional differences in Aorta of goat (Capra hircus) Folia Morphol 2010; 69: 253-257.". In: Theory and Algorithms in InterStat. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 2010. Abstract

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ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Roche AF, Abdel Malek AK, Mukherjee D. 1985. New approaches to the clinical assessment of adipose tissue. 6th Rose Conf Med Research. Ross Lab, Columbus, OH, USA. Pp:14-19.". In: Ross Lab, Columbus, OH, USA. Pp:14-19. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1985. Abstract
A sample of 166 normal adult males and females was taken from different colleges of Assiut representing those living in upper Egypt. Each subject has been studied for measurements of stature (S), hand length (HL) and hand breadth (HB). The data were statistically analysed in order to assess the relationship between stature and hand measurements. The correlation matrix of the study indicates close similarity of the relationship between stature and hand measurements in both sexes and in both sides. A generalized multiple regression equation has been designed to estimate stature from values of hand length and hand breadth regardless of sex or side in the form: S = 34.5 + 5.77 HL + 2.7 HB +/- 5.1. This equation may be helpful to obtain approximate stature when there is difficulty in obtaining a direct measurement or where there is a chance print of a criminal or an amputated hand or arm.
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Abdel Malek AK. 1987. Skeletal maturation of boys with Down Syndrome. 5th Ann Conf Fac Med Assiut Univ. Egpyt.". In: 5th Ann Conf Fac Med Assiut Univ. Egpyt. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1987. Abstract
A sample of 166 normal adult males and females was taken from different colleges of Assiut representing those living in upper Egypt. Each subject has been studied for measurements of stature (S), hand length (HL) and hand breadth (HB). The data were statistically analysed in order to assess the relationship between stature and hand measurements. The correlation matrix of the study indicates close similarity of the relationship between stature and hand measurements in both sexes and in both sides. A generalized multiple regression equation has been designed to estimate stature from values of hand length and hand breadth regardless of sex or side in the form: S = 34.5 + 5.77 HL + 2.7 HB +/- 5.1. This equation may be helpful to obtain approximate stature when there is difficulty in obtaining a direct measurement or where there is a chance print of a criminal or an amputated hand or arm.
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Abdel Malek AK, Ahmed AM et al. 1990. Prediction of stature from hand measurements. Forensic Sc Internat. 64:181-187. Ireland.". In: Forensic Sc Internat. 64:181-187. Ireland. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1990. Abstract
A sample of 166 normal adult males and females was taken from different colleges of Assiut representing those living in upper Egypt. Each subject has been studied for measurements of stature (S), hand length (HL) and hand breadth (HB). The data were statistically analysed in order to assess the relationship between stature and hand measurements. The correlation matrix of the study indicates close similarity of the relationship between stature and hand measurements in both sexes and in both sides. A generalized multiple regression equation has been designed to estimate stature from values of hand length and hand breadth regardless of sex or side in the form: S = 34.5 + 5.77 HL + 2.7 HB +/- 5.1. This equation may be helpful to obtain approximate stature when there is difficulty in obtaining a direct measurement or where there is a chance print of a criminal or an amputated hand or arm.
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Abdel Malek AK, Saleh MN, Aly YA, Ahmed MG, Tohamy A. 1995. Brain changes with age on computed tomography. Age & Nutrition. 6(2):93-98. France.". In: Age & Nutrition. 6(2):93-98. France. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1995. Abstract
)
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Mathias K, Abdel Halim S, Karin B, Helga G, Adel K Malek et al. 1999. MtDNA analysis of Nile River valley populations: A genetic corridor or barrier to migration?. Am J Hum Genet. 64:1166-1766. U.S.A.". In: Am J Hum Genet. 64:1166-1766. U.S.A. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1766. Abstract
A sample of 166 normal adult males and females was taken from different colleges of Assiut representing those living in upper Egypt. Each subject has been studied for measurements of stature (S), hand length (HL) and hand breadth (HB). The data were statistically analysed in order to assess the relationship between stature and hand measurements. The correlation matrix of the study indicates close similarity of the relationship between stature and hand measurements in both sexes and in both sides. A generalized multiple regression equation has been designed to estimate stature from values of hand length and hand breadth regardless of sex or side in the form: S = 34.5 + 5.77 HL + 2.7 HB +/- 5.1. This equation may be helpful to obtain approximate stature when there is difficulty in obtaining a direct measurement or where there is a chance print of a criminal or an amputated hand or arm.
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Matta WM, Saleh MM, Shamikh R, Ali SS, Abdel Malek AK. 1986. The influence of deprivation of light on the brain. Intern Conf Anatom Society W Africa. Nigeria, Nov. 1986.". In: Intern Conf Anatom Society W Africa. Nigeria, Nov. 1986. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1986. Abstract
A sample of 166 normal adult males and females was taken from different colleges of Assiut representing those living in upper Egypt. Each subject has been studied for measurements of stature (S), hand length (HL) and hand breadth (HB). The data were statistically analysed in order to assess the relationship between stature and hand measurements. The correlation matrix of the study indicates close similarity of the relationship between stature and hand measurements in both sexes and in both sides. A generalized multiple regression equation has been designed to estimate stature from values of hand length and hand breadth regardless of sex or side in the form: S = 34.5 + 5.77 HL + 2.7 HB +/- 5.1. This equation may be helpful to obtain approximate stature when there is difficulty in obtaining a direct measurement or where there is a chance print of a criminal or an amputated hand or arm.
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Tohamy SA, Abdel Malek AK, Hassan FZ, Abdel Baky A. 1990. Anthropometric characteristics of the mentally retarded children. New Egypt J Med. 4(1):241-244.". In: New Egypt J Med. 4(1):241-244. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1990. Abstract
A sample of 166 normal adult males and females was taken from different colleges of Assiut representing those living in upper Egypt. Each subject has been studied for measurements of stature (S), hand length (HL) and hand breadth (HB). The data were statistically analysed in order to assess the relationship between stature and hand measurements. The correlation matrix of the study indicates close similarity of the relationship between stature and hand measurements in both sexes and in both sides. A generalized multiple regression equation has been designed to estimate stature from values of hand length and hand breadth regardless of sex or side in the form: S = 34.5 + 5.77 HL + 2.7 HB +/- 5.1. This equation may be helpful to obtain approximate stature when there is difficulty in obtaining a direct measurement or where there is a chance print of a criminal or an amputated hand or arm.
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Saleh MN, Abdel Malek AK, Galal At, Mahmoud FY. 1992. Effect of hypothyroidism on postnatal development of mouse thalamus. 10th Ann Conf Fac Med Assiut Univ. April 1992.". In: 10th Ann Conf Fac Med Assiut Univ. April 1992. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1992. Abstract
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ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Abdel Malek AK. 1995. Underfed developing Purkinje cell. Age & Nutrition. 6(2):73-78. France.". In: Age & Nutrition. 6(2):73-78. France. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1995. Abstract
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ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Abdel Malek AK, Mukherjee D, Roche AF. 1985. A method of constructing an index of obesity. Hum. Biol. 57(3):415-430. USA.". In: Hum. Biol. 57(3):415-430. USA. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1985. Abstract
A sample of 166 normal adult males and females was taken from different colleges of Assiut representing those living in upper Egypt. Each subject has been studied for measurements of stature (S), hand length (HL) and hand breadth (HB). The data were statistically analysed in order to assess the relationship between stature and hand measurements. The correlation matrix of the study indicates close similarity of the relationship between stature and hand measurements in both sexes and in both sides. A generalized multiple regression equation has been designed to estimate stature from values of hand length and hand breadth regardless of sex or side in the form: S = 34.5 + 5.77 HL + 2.7 HB +/- 5.1. This equation may be helpful to obtain approximate stature when there is difficulty in obtaining a direct measurement or where there is a chance print of a criminal or an amputated hand or arm.
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Kamel MM, Abdel Malek AK, Desouky MA. 1989. Intercorrelations of the anthropometric measurements of the newborn infants of Upper Egypt. Egypt J Anatomy. 12(4):71-79.". In: Egypt J Anatomy. 12(4):71-79. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1989. Abstract
A sample of 166 normal adult males and females was taken from different colleges of Assiut representing those living in upper Egypt. Each subject has been studied for measurements of stature (S), hand length (HL) and hand breadth (HB). The data were statistically analysed in order to assess the relationship between stature and hand measurements. The correlation matrix of the study indicates close similarity of the relationship between stature and hand measurements in both sexes and in both sides. A generalized multiple regression equation has been designed to estimate stature from values of hand length and hand breadth regardless of sex or side in the form: S = 34.5 + 5.77 HL + 2.7 HB +/- 5.1. This equation may be helpful to obtain approximate stature when there is difficulty in obtaining a direct measurement or where there is a chance print of a criminal or an amputated hand or arm.
ABDEL PROFMALEKADELKAMEL. "Elsharkawi S, Abdel Malek AK et al. 1991. Morphological features of foot impressions of Upper Egyptians. Proc 9th Ann conf Fac Med. Assiut Univ.". In: Proc 9th Ann conf Fac Med. Assiut Univ. John Benjamins Publishing Company; 1991. Abstract
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ABDEL-MALEK AK. "Underfed Developing Purkinje cell.". 1995. Abstract

New-born mice were subjected to a regime of under-nutrition during lactation by doubling the size of the scope by lactating mother. The undernourished mice and controls were sacrificed at 2 and 3 weeks after birth. The brain was fixed in glutaraldehyde. Small blocks of paravermale region were fixed in osmium tetroxide, dehydrated and embedded in Epone. Thin sections of 0.04 microns were cut and stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate and viewed with an electron microscope to detect ultrastructural changes in Purkinje cells undernourished. Purkinje cells of mice controls were well differentiated at 2 and 3 weeks after birth, they had a euchromatic central core surrounded by rich Nissl substance cytoplasm and mitochondria. Purkinje cells were delayed in their differentiation as evidenced by the irregular and rough segmentation of the endoplasmic reticulum and free ribosomes group. These changes with the small number of mitochondria show reduced protein synthesis machinery. Granule cells showed immature glomeruli with less synaptic contacts and few mitochondria compared to control. These changes confirm the delay in differentiation and maturation of Purkinje neurons as a result of postnatal undernutrition. (Age & Nutrition, Volume 6, No. 2, 1995)

Abdel-Rahman EM, Landmann T, Richard Kyalo, Ong’amo G, Mwalusepo S, Sulieman S, Ru BL. "Predicting stem borer density in maize using RapidEye data and generalized linear models." International journal of applied earth observation and geoinformation. 2017;57:61-74.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Ayoo, C. Jama, Mohamud (1999), "Environmental Taxation in Kenya", in The Market and the Environment: the Effectiveness of Market-Based Policy Instruments for Environmental Reform. Ed. Thomas Sterner. (Edward Elger Publishing Inc.).". In: Edward Elger Publishing Inc. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1999. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Jama, M.A, (1990) Rural Energy in an Arid Sub-location of Meru District, Kenya, in Conservation for Development, Editor Rodger Yeager, Africa-Caribbean Institute.". In: Africa-Caribbean Institute. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1990. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Jama, M.A., Kulundu D., (1992) "Smallholder Farmers Credit Repayment Performance in Lugari Division, Kakamega District, Kenya". East African Economic Review, Vol. 8, No.2.". In: East African Economic Review, Vol. 8, No.2. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1992. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Jama, M. A., Onjala, J. (1994), Transport and Industrial Energy Conservation in Kenya Environmental Aspects (submitted to Energy Policy Journal).". In: submitted to Energy Policy Journal. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1994. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Ikiara, G. K., Jama, M. A., Amadi, J. O., "The Cereals Chain in Kenya: Actors, reforms and Politics" in Markets, Civil Society and Democracy in Kenya.". In: Nordiska Afrikainstitutel, (ed. Peter Gibbon). ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1995. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Harou, P., Aguero, A. Doumani, F., Jama, M. et al "Epistemic Communities of Environmental Economists to shape Development Policies".". In: Edward Elger Publishing Inc. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1998. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Jama, M.A., (1991) Rural Energy in an Arid Sub-location of Meru District, Kenya. Published by African-Caribbean Institute.". In: African-Caribbean Institute. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1991. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Ikiara, G. K., Jama, M.A., Amadi J. O. "Agriculture Decline, Politics and Structural Adjustment in Kenya, in Social Change and Economic Reform in Africa, ed. Peter Gibbon Scandinavian Institute of African Studies.". In: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1993. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Rocheleau, D., Jama M., Wamalwa, B., (1995) "Gender, Ecology, and Agro forestry: Science and Survival in Kathama". In GENDER, RESOURCES, AND DEVELOPMENT IN KENYA: a Grassroots Perspective, ed. Barabara Thomas-Slayter and Dianne Rocheleau (Lynne Rienner Pu.". In: Lynne Rienner Publishers. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1995. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Ikiara, G. K., Jama, M. A. , Amadi, J. O. (1997), "Structural Adjustment and its Impact on Private Trading Structures and Networks in Kenya".". In: Edward Elger Publishing Inc. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1997. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Jama M.A. "Environmental Impacts of Structural Adjustment Programme in Eastern and Southern Africa" in African Perspectives on Structural Adjustment: Our Continent, Our Future, 2001 (ed. Thandika Mkandawire and Charles Soludo. Africa World Press Internati.". In: Africa World Press International, IDRC, Ottawa. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2001. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Kimuyu, P., Jama, M.A., Moturi, W. .". In: East African Economic Review. Vol 7, No.1. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1991. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Jama, M.A., Kabubo, J. W. (1993) Factors Influencing the Supply of Wheat: An Analysis for Kenya 1970-1989 (submitted to East African Economic Review).". In: East African Economic Review. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1993. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Jama, M.A., Onjala, J O. (1994) Energy-Economy Interactions in Kenya (submitted to Energy Policy Journal).". In: Energy Policy Journal. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1994. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
ABDI PROFJAMAMOHAMUD. "Jama, M.A. (1995) Impacts of Rural Energy Availability in Kenya: The Case of Kiambu district, Environmental Economics Unit, Working Paper, 1995: 2, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.". In: University of Gothenburg, Sweden. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1995. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
Abdihakin M, Khamala W, Hasan S, Maceod J. "A randomized controlled trial of steroid injection in the management of plantar fasciitis." South African Orthopedic Journal. 2012;11(4):33-38.
Abdirahman YA, Juma KK, Mukundi MJ, Gitahi SM, Agyirifo DS, Ngugi MP, Gathumbi PK, Ngeranwa JJN, Njagi ENM. "In-Vivo Antidiabetic Activity and Safety of The Aqueous Stem Bark Extract of Kleinia squarrosa." J Diabetes Metab. 2015;6(9):601.
Abdissa N, Induli M, Akala HM, Heydenreich M, Midiwo JO, Ndakala A, Yenesew A. "Knipholone Cyclooxanthrone and an Anthroquinone Dimer with Antiplasmodial Activities from the Roots of Kniphofia Foliosa." Phytochemistry Letters . 2013;9(2):241-245.
Abdulaziz, M; Osinde K, Osinde K. "Sheng and English in Nairobi .". 1997.Website
Abdulaziz MH, Alfa SI. "Language and Social Change.". 1993.Website
ABDULHALIM DRHUSSEIN. "DESCRIPTIVE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE ORAL HEALTH STATUS OF CHILDREN WITH CLEFT LIP AND PALATE IN NAIROBI ( A MASTERS THESIS).". In: A MASTERS THESIS. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences; Submitted. Abstract
No abstracts available
ABDULLAH DRHASSANMOHAMMED. "Modelling snowmelt in Thiba catchment in central Kenya, Proceedings of the 50th Annual Conference of the Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, Iwate, Japan p. 98-99.". In: High Ridge Teachers College, Nairobi, Kenya for Ministry of Education, Kenya. University of Birmingham; 2001.
ABDULLAH DRHASSANMOHAMMED. "Distributed Hydrological Modeling of a Mountainous Catchment in Kenya, Irons. Of Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering. JSIDRE. No. 221. pp. 49-55.". In: High Ridge Teachers College, Nairobi, Kenya for Ministry of Education, Kenya. University of Birmingham; 2002.
ABDULLAH DRHASSANMOHAMMED. "Modelling of irrigation Water Movement in a Distributed Runoff Model, Proceedings of the 51st Annual Conference of the Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, Mie, Japan p. 558-559.". In: High Ridge Teachers College, Nairobi, Kenya for Ministry of Education, Kenya. University of Birmingham; 2002.
ABDULLAH DRHASSANMOHAMMED. "Changes and Improvement in Water Management Practices in the Mwea Irrigation Scheme, Kenya, Rural and Environmental Engineering Journal.". In: High Ridge Teachers College, Nairobi, Kenya for Ministry of Education, Kenya. University of Birmingham; 2003.
Abdulrahman M, Maina EN, Morris MR, Zatyka M, Raval RR, Banks RE, Wiesener MS, Richards FM, Johnson CM, Latif F, Maher ER. "Identification of novel VHL targets that are associated with the development of renal cell carcinoma." Oncogene. 2007;26(11):1661-72. Abstract

von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a dominantly inherited family cancer syndrome characterized by the development of retinal and central nervous system haemangioblastomas, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and phaeochromocytoma. Specific germline VHL mutations may predispose to haemangioblastomas, RCC and phaeochromocytoma to a varying extent. Although dysregulation of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-2 and JunB have been linked to the development of RCC and phaeochromocytoma, respectively, the precise basis for genotype-phenotype correlations in VHL disease have not been defined. To gain insights into the pathogenesis of RCC in VHL disease we compared gene expression microarray profiles in a RCC cell line expressing a Type 1 or Type 2B mutant pVHL (RCC-associated) to those of a Type 2A or 2C mutant (not associated with RCC). We identified 19 differentially expressed novel VHL target genes linked to RCC development. Eight targets were studied in detail by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (three downregulated and five upregulated by wild-type VHL) and for six genes the effect of VHL inactivation was mimicked by hypoxia (but hypoxic-induction of smooth muscle alpha-actin 2 was specific for a RCC cell line). The potential role of four RCC-associated VHL target genes was assessed in vitro. NB thymosin beta (TMSNB) and proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) (both downregulated by wt pVHL) increased cell growth and motility in a RCC cell line, but aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)1 and ALDH7 had no effect. These findings implicate TMSNB and PAR2 candidate oncogenes in the pathogenesis of VHL-associated RCC.

Abea FBO. "Agency Problem." KASNEB Newsline. 2009;April - June(No. 2):17-26.
Abea FBO. "Strategic Business Units (SBUs)." KASNEB Newsline. 2012;October - December(Issue No. 4):Pg. 3-12.
Abea FBO. "Strategic Business Units (SBUs)." KASNEB Newsline. 2012;(October - December)(No. 4):3-8.
Abea FBO. "Transfer Pricing." KASNEB Newsline. 2011;October - December(Issue No. 4):Pg. 3-12.
Abea FBO. "Payroll Management." KASNEB Newsline. 2008;October - December(Issue No. 4):Pg. 20-24.
Abea FBO. "Transfer Pricing." KASNEB Newsline. 2011;,October - December(No. 4):3-12.
Abea FBO. "Enterprise Risk Management." KASNEB Newsline. 2012;July - September(Issue No. 3):Pg. 3-14.
Abea FBO. "Payroll Management." KASNEB Newsline. 2008;October - December(No. 4):20-24.
Abea FBO. "Agency Problem." KASNEB Newsline. 2009;April - June(Issue No. 2):Pg. 17-26.
Abea FBO. "Enterprise Risk Management." KASNEB Newsline. 2012;3 (July - September)(No. 3):3-14.
Abebaw D, Holm-Müller. "Understorey light conditions and regeneration with respect to the structural dynamics of a near-natural temperate deciduous forest in Denmark.". 2006. AbstractWebsite

Risk perceptions play a key role in production and investment behavior of farmers. However, insufficient attention has been given to understand its nature and distribution in cash crop farming such as coffee. This study, therefore, attempts to explore patterns of coffee farmers’ perceived sources of risk and the factors associated with them. Data were drawn from a representative sample of 195 farmers residing in southwest Ethiopia. Farmers’ perceptions of risk are uneven and include price or market risks, crop diseases and pests, human illness, financial and natural elements. Farmers’ perceptions of the sources of risk can partly be explained by a combination of family and farm characteristics, location attributes, human capital, access to information and other infrastructure. In all, the results imply that farm advisors and policy makers can use these characteristics in targeting households and farmers’ groups for communicating relevant information about risk in coffee farming.

Abebaw D;, Mburu J;, Holm-Muller K. "Risk Perceptions and Risk Management — A Socioeconomic Analysis of Ethiopian Smallholder Coffee Growers."; 2004. Abstract

In recent years, coffee producers’ risk has become one of the major issues in the current discussions within the International Coffee Organisation (ICO) and its member countries. In Ethiopia, coffee growers deal with many risks while often lacking effective mechanisms to manage them. However, information concerning “which sources of risk to coffee income do the growers consider relevant” and “in what risk management tools they are interested in” is too scanty to gain an adequate understanding of their risk behaviour. Therefore, the main aims of this study were (1) to identify the extent and diversity of coffee growers’ perceived risks and preferred risk management strategies, and (2) investigate the variables influencing their risk perceptions and management responses. The data used in this study were gathered from a random sample of 195 smallholder coffee growers in southwest Ethiopia. Factor analysis and linear regression have been employed to analyse the data. Factor analysis identifies five latent variables that account for 62% of the total observed variations in the growers’ risk perceptions. Additionally, estimated results from linear regressions indicate that resource endowments, demographics, access to information and location attributes were statistically significant in explaining the observed variation in growers’ scores on the underlying risk perceptions (latent variables). In similar manner, factor analysis finds six latent risk management variables and explains about 64% of the observed variation in the growers’ preferences for various risk management strategies. Moreover, estimation results of the linear regression equations revealed that perceived risks, demographics, resource endowments, coffee income volatility, and location were statistically significant in explaining the growers’ scores on risk management preferences. Therefore, these information must be utilised to formulate effective and broadly accepted risk management policy and support to smallholder coffee growers.

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