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Inyega HN, Inyega JO. Gentle gracing giraffes. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. The girl whose feet could not stop growing. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
The Girl Whose Feet Could Not Stop Growing. Nairobi: Association of Reading of Kenya; 2016.
Nyanchaga EN. History of Water Supply and Governance in Kenya (1895 – 2005). Lessons and Futures.. Tampere, Finland: Tampere University Press.ISBN 978-952-03-0059-3; ISBN 978-952-03-0060-9(pdf).,; 2016.
Wamitila KW. Kichocheo cha Ushairi: Mwongozo wa Uchambuzi wa Mashairi. Nairobi: Vide~Muwa Publishers Ltd.; 2016.
Habwe J. Kiswahili Language Dictionary. Nairobi: Jamo Kenyatta Foundation ; 2016.
Kibugi R, Makathimo M, Mwathane I. Large Scale Land Acquisitions for Investments in Kenya: Is the Participation, and benefits for affected local communities meaningful, and equitable? A case study of the situation in Lamu, Isiolo and Siaya Counties . Nairobi: Land Development and Governance Institute ; 2016. Abstractlarge_scale_land_acquisitions_for_investment_in_kenya.pdfWebsite

Land acquisitions, either driven by foreign investments or domestic investment needs have continued to polarize opinions. When this research was proposed, it was premised on arguments by scholars Ruth Meinzen-Dick and Helen Markelova, who had analysed agricultural land deals, and argued that there were potentially two schools of thought about foreign acquisitions over agricultural land. Their school of thought regards them as “beneficial investments” whereby investors are viewed as bringing needed investment, possibly improved technology or farming knowledge, thereby generating employment and increasing food production. Meinzen-Dick and Markelova further argued that because these land acquisitions, foreign and domestic, are ongoing at a very fast rate, it is necessary for host countries to focus on what they can do to seize the opportunities and mitigate the risks associated with the deals.
During implementation of the research project in Kenya, it became clear that although prior illustrations of land deals included foreign acquisitions (e.g. Dominion farms), a government economic policy focusing on mega- infrastructure projects was driving (or expected to drive) a much higher pace of land acquisitions either for primary infrastructure, or for the economic activities that flowed from the primary infrastructure. This is in the context of the Lamu South Sudan Ethiopia Transportation Corridor (LAPSSET) project, which is a flagship means for realization of Vision 2030; Kenya’s current national development plan. Thus, a national conversation is necessary to debate the crucial question of how to provide safeguards to protect the interests of local communities directly affected by these investments, including compensation of land that is taken, and their place in the socio-economic and environmental continuum of investment projects from design to implementation.
The following findings and recommendations have resulted from this research, and it is anticipated they will be valuable in setting the agenda and tone of such a useful national conversation, as well as tangible actions:

A. Lessons, Conclusions and findings requiring policy level interventions

1. Regularization of landholding and tenure systems.
The absence or weakness of formal landholding, and land registration systems was evident in most of the research sites, in Isiolo and Lamu. This is despite Kenya having put in place new land laws in 2012 to give effect to constitutional provisions to protect land rights. This has resulted either in emergence of informal land administration and conveyance systems (Lamu), or the emergence of a complex system of formal land allocation that brings about multi-allocation of land through repeated issuance of allotment letters, (Isiolo), or non-adjudication and registration of community lands (Isiolo, Lamu). In either instance this results in undermining security of tenure, and enhances the vulnerability of concerned communities who will face difficulties securing their interests in the land ahead of any large scale land acquisitions, due to the entry of speculators, and persons interested in grabbing the land by being first to obtain formal registration. The Kenyan national government should consider partnering with the County government in Isiolo in order to identify the nature and extent of, and take steps to resolve the problem of multi-allocations of land there. In addition, putting in place a programme for regularization of tenure rights by addressing the challenges of those without title is important as it will enhance the security of tenure of people affected by compulsory acquisition.

2. Enhancing tenure of certain communities through implementation of the provisions of Community Land Act.
This conclusion is drawn from findings in research amongst the Aweer (Bargoni), and Turkana communities (Ngare Mara) where residents expressed apprehension over their tenure security in the face of land acquisition for LAPSSET infrastructure. This is because the land has not been (fully) adjudicated or registered in favour of the community notwithstanding existence of the Land (Group Representatives) Act that preceded the 2016 community land law. It is recommended that the government expedites the application of the provisions of the Community Land Act for the Lamu and Isiolo communities faced by these land acquisition projects as a first step to guaranteeing the beneficial interests of the community members, first by protecting tenure rights, and subsequently providing for equitable community land governance mechanisms.

3. Clarification on the practice and methodology of valuation of land and non-land assets for compensation.
The repeal of the Land Acquisition Act, and with that the Schedule that defined the methodology of valuation of land requires to be resolved. In any event, based on the analysis in the research, and findings, there is need to formally resolve the entitlement to compensation for persons without legal title. In addition, it is imperative for Kenya to state in law or regulations the methodology to be applied in valuation of non-land assets, including the loss of livelihoods. Application of the full replacement cost methodology, as discussed, provides a viable option because, in addition to anchoring on the market value of the land, the replacement cost approach extends compensation to non-land assets, using the real cost of full replacement, and not factoring in any depreciation of the non-land assets being replaced, and takes into account all the transaction costs of purchasing (conveyancing fees, etc), or logistical costs of replacement of non-land assets.

4. Internalization of resettlement safeguards principles and practice into Kenyan law of compulsory acquisition of land
A review of the current legal situation in Kenya concerning compulsory acquisition of land discloses the absence of safeguards governing interaction with host community, as well as involuntary resettlement safeguards in the event of displacement by land acquisition. This includes exploring the possible application of an FPIC process that emphasizes the quality and meaningfulness of affected community participation, including the impact that views obtained during consultations have on the final decision. Equally critical is the decision to vertically integrate the process by requiring the consultation of the affected public during project planning. In the sense of feasibility studies, and project designs, this suggests that community participation may add value to the process by being conducted much earlier on in the process, and contribute to analysis of project sites, and alternatives.

For practical purposes, Kenya could consider a legal requirement for a national Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF) that would govern internalization of resettlement safeguards, including participation of communities. Key to this is that if a Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) is required, in terms of EMCA, both the RAP and RPF would have undergo a Strategic Environmental Assessment thereby providing a means for risk assessment in advance of major implementation steps being underway.

5. Policy linkage of investment promotion rules with investments flowing from land acquisitions to secure community benefit through contracts and business models
At a policy level, it is important for Kenya to revisit, in a framework sense, how to use investment promotion rules and binding contracts to safeguard socio-economic, environmental benefits and livelihoods of local communities. This is mainly in context of the continuum of an investment, from land acquisition, and during its implementation. The Investment Promotion Act, while addressing the benefit to Kenya threshold, is not aggressively applied, and as evidenced by the Dominion contracts, critical socio-economic safeguards were not included. A clear policy evaluation of business models application, either contracts in the context of farming investments, or other types, should be undertaken and public disclosure of the proposed business model(s) should be undertaken early enough, to ensure affected project communities do not experience anxiety over their future.

This could be done in context of section 12 of the Land Act, which requires the National Land Commission to make regulations to govern how investments on public land will safeguard community benefits and livelihoods. The details of these considerations have been discussed at length earlier in this report.

6. Regulations to regulate methodology for assessment of just compensation
Kenya is currently engaged in a number of infrastructural projects that call for the compulsory acquisition and compensation of land. As noted in the study, Section 111 of the Land Act requires the National Land Commission to develop rules to regulate the assessment of just compensation where land is compulsorily acquired. As at the time of this report, these rules had not yet been developed. The rules will help to standardize the methodology for the anticipated assessment and make the process more predictable and, in an environment where the government is involved in the development of infrastructure calling for massive compensation of compulsorily acquired land, the development of these rules should have been accorded priority.

It is however noted that regulations to operate the entire Land Act have not yet been developed. Perhaps the development of these regulations, and the rules to govern assessment for just compensation, may have been delayed by the amendments recently effected to the Land Act. Now that the amendments were concluded, it is recommended that the development of the rules to govern the assessment of just compensation payable to landowners affected by large scale investments on land be expedited.

B. Lessons, conclusions and findings requiring direct actions at community level
In this category, the conclusions and findings are drawn to highlight matters that directly affect the voice and equitable benefit or participation of affected local communities, either in land acquisition process, or in the continuum of investments introduced in their midst.

1. A community dissemination manual for transfer of knowledge about land laws, policies and land administration processes
In focus group discussions held in the course of field work, the research team got similar feedback multiple times that the (potentially) affected “had heard” on radio, or through other fora that Kenya had new land laws in place, they did not really know the content of these laws. A similar sentiment was expressed with regard to knowledge of details about the components of the various LAPSSET projects. Communities indicated that they would want to have some form of civic education on this, especially regarding tenure rights, the land administration system (surveying, adjudication and registration), the implications and contents of the new community land law, and legal protection of community rights during land acquisition. One key finding was a preference by community members to have some of their own members trained in order to pass the knowledge to the communities, a sentiment that arose from a desire to receive information from a trustworthy source who was part of the community. Another finding was that community members did not have clear details on available grievance mechanisms on the land administration system, and while some had managed to access the National Land Commission, they lamented that it was based in Nairobi.

This finding suggests there is a need to develop a basic community dissemination manual, that includes a provision for empowerment of community based trainers (through a Training of Trainers concept). In such an approach, the dissemination manual can be published in simple language, including translation to Kiswahili or local languages where preferable.

2. Enhancement of meaningful public participation in the entire continuum through effective consultations and disclosure of relevant information

In order to enhance the voice of the community ahead of any process of land acquisition, it will be helpful to integrate a constructive and meaningful process of consultation with potentially affected communities, from early on during project planning, feasibility studies to onboarding of investments. This would particularly aid in providing value on local circumstances and risks that may not be obvious to technical teams. Occurrences such as in the Isiolo Kiwanjani settlement (displaced for the airport) where residents of Kiwanjani Zone G Squatter complained that maps generated during the acquisition process continued to record their land as being part of the airport complex despite there being a 75 feet road between the airport boundary, and the plots in question, would be avoided.

Enhanced community participation would further provide a valuable avenue through which the [potentially] affected local community can enhance its voice by having an opinion (which is taken into account) early on in the stages of the project design. However, this approach would also require protection from speculative behavior, that could result in an artificial increase in market value of land, due to market behavior triggered by anticipation of a project, and land acquisition. Access to information requires that this type of information is made available to the public, but in order to control speculative behaviour that drives up the cost of land compensation, government can apply the new 2016 Access to Information Act to sieve out aspects that are either confidential or considered deliberative and therefore not to be publicly disclosed. Another helpful approach would be to undertake the feasibility studies focusing on multiple alternative sites, without showing preference for any particular site.

Meaningful community participation requires a legal or policy definition of how to ensure consultations are effective. This could include possibility of requiring consulting (public) agencies to return to the host community and disclose how they considered the various opinions, and provide feedback. The community dissemination manual proposed above would provide a valuable tool through which to structure techniques that affected local communities can apply in order to have meaningful consultations. The manual could also include implications of the procedures set out in the new 2016 Access to Information Act.

3. Promotion of Networking by Project Affected communities in various parts of Kenya to build knowledge and exchange thoughts
There are multiple instances of compulsory acquisition of land in Kenya (e.g. For LAPSSET projects), or the allocation of land by government for private investments (Siaya – Dominion). The processes are at various stages, either at conceptual point, or having gone through various steps of acquisition and onboarding of investments. Equally, others are complete and the investment has been operational for a number of years. In all these cases, there multiple lessons to be learnt between the various affected local communities. In both Lamu and Isiolo for instance, the research engaged with multiple focus groups drawn from within the same project locality but in different geographical sections – and there was evidence that there was no integrated system to promote consultations and learning from each other. Further, even where acquisition and investments have been undertaken in separate parts of the country, people from Isiolo or Lamu could learn coping techniques from those in Siaya, or by learning the adverse impacts in Siaya, become more interested in enhancing their voices in the local context to avoid a similar outcome. Therefore, the idea of a network that brings together representatives of the various communities is useful to consider. Such a network would also include policy makers drawn from the national and county governments. Already in most of these local communities, the research observed that chiefs (who are national government administration officers) are an integral part of the community process. Learning forums could be organized, and a feedback process put in place such that when representatives return to their local communities, they can provide details to their neighbours. Such a network would however require that policy makers also commit to provide valuable information and feedback to any questions and problems raised by participating communities.

An alternative to utilization of physical meetings for such a network is application of internet-based technology. In this case, a network can be developed through low cost options, such as through the WhatsApp Platform. Although this requires internet access through a smartphone, the Land Development and Governance Institute has been piloting a WhatsApp based platform that creates a Network aptly named Community Land Matters. The experience with this platform is discussed at length in section 9.

4. Involvement of Women in Community Interventions
The study exposes some good lessons in the involvement of women in community interventions and leadership on communal land rights. It was instructive that for instance in the discussion with the Aweer group in Bargoni, Lamu, some women participants in the focus group discussions were very active and made crucial contributions. In addition, the women also made distinguished contributions too during discussions with the Turkana community at Ngare Mara, Isiolo County, where critical leadership positions in the community are held by women.

Yet, the two communities, like many others in Kenya, are largely patriarchal. This experience provides a good benchmarking lesson that, despite the cultural practices that have informed many communities in the past, given opportunity, women may play critical roles in helping communities protect and mitigate their communal land rights where circumstances so demand.

5. Compensation to “occupants in good faith” without title to land
As noted in the study, Article 40(4) of the Constitution of Kenya states that ‘provision may be made for compensation to be paid to occupants in good faith of land acquired under clause (3) who may not hold title to the land”. While the rules to govern how the discretion implied by this Article are yet to be developed, the study reveals that the State has exercised this discretion positively in the studied Port site in Lamu and the Airport site in Isiolo. Despite land owners not holding title to their land in the two places, cash-for-land and land-for-land compensation was made to the claimants in Lamu and Isiolo respectively.

These are good precedents for other parts of the country where formal processes to register communal land have not been applied or completed. Lessons learnt from these two Counties may be borrowed to inform and improve similar compensation exercises elsewhere.

6. Protection of interests of legitimate beneficiaries during compensation

Incidents were recounted of husbands and fathers pocketing the proceeds of compensation and departing home with the entire compensation sum. This leaves the wives and children vulnerably exposed and without alternative livelihoods. Such people become a problem for the community and State. To avoid such negligence, the government should consider regulating the release of compensation funds. The practice under the Land Control Act Chapter 302 of the Laws of Kenya which regulates transactions of agricultural land could be borrowed. Though not written into the law, Land Control Boards always require the proprietor’s spouse to be in attendance before approval to any application for approval of a transaction such as subdivision or sale of family property. And where they are in doubt about the facts to any application, they will usually refer to an area elder or the Assistant Chief for pertinent information in an effort to ensure that spouse and children are in agreement. Such a procedure could be enforced in the case of compensation following acquisition.

It is recommended that the Government, in liaison with the National Land Commission, puts in place modalities to explore how a similar social safeguard procedure could be instituted in the proceedings for compensation under the Land Act to protect legitimate beneficiaries in instances where acquisition of land for projects has to be done with requisite compensation to landowners.

7. Preservation of indigenous and local knowledge:
Project activities involving large scale land acquisition have the inevitable consequence, in some cases, of interfering or totally defacing available traditional/indigenous knowledge from the affected site. This is the case in some parts of Lamu and Isiolo where invaluable oral and cultural knowledge, including some cultural sites, have been preserved over the years. In any event, if enhanced community participation is adopted, and a threshold placed to examine if the participation is meaningful, the indigenous and local knowledge of the communities will also benefit the project at the point of local risk assessment. In this case, recording of such knowledge can be undertaken for posterity use.
It is therefore recommended that the implementation of such projects be preceded by a quick knowledge mapping to determine and document such knowledge before destruction or adulteration, together with enhanced community participation. Where possible, such knowledge can be proactively preserved in collaboration with the relevant state organs. Such a mapping can still be done for the LAPSSET Corridor and Isiolo Resort City before implementation takes off.

Mbatiah, Mwenda. Majilio ya Mkombozi. Nairobi: Moran; 2016.
Ferrier S, Ninan KN, Leadley P, Alkemade R, Acosta LA, Akcakaya HR, Brotons L, Cheung WWL, Christensen V, Harhash KA, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Lundquist C, Obersteiner M, Pereira HM, Peterson G, Pichs-Madruga R, Ravindranath N, Rondinini C, Wintle BA. The methodological assessment report on scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Bonn, Germany: IPBES; 2016.2016.methodological_assessment_report_scenarios_models.pdf
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Warambo JP. Mwongozo wa Damu Nyeusi na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Focus Publishers; 2016. Abstractmwongozo_wa_damu_nyeusi_cover_copy.pdf


IRIBEMWANGI PI, Chisia M. Mwongozo wa Kidagaa Kimemwozea. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2016.mwongozo_wa_riwaya_kidagaa_kimemwozea.pdf
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. My sister has got mumps. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
My Sister has Got the Mumps. Nairobi: Association of Reading of Kenya; 2016.
Inyega HN, Inyega JO. My sister was born yellow. Nairobi: ARK; 2016.
My Sister Was Born Yellow. Nairobi: Association of Reading of Kenya; 2016.
Habwe J. Pendo La Karaha. Nairobi: Moran Publishers; 2016.
Wakana, S., Siraishi, S., Ondicho, TG, eds. Re-finding African assets and City Environments: Governance, Research and Reflexivity. Tokyo: ILCAA & JSPS; 2016.
Kibui AW. Resolving Conflict in Kenya's Schools: Theory And Practice. Germany: LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2016.
Mbatiah, Mwenda. Riwaya ya Kiswahili:Chimbuko na Maendeleo Yake. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2016.
Gitao G, Kibore B, Sangula A. Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease in Kenya. Saarbrucken: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2016.978-3-330-01103-8.pdf
Michieka RW. Trials in academic and administrative leadership in kenya. Dakar: Codesria; 2016.
Idenya PM. Under the Watchful Eye of Mary: LIVING the MYSTERIES of the HOLY ROSARY. UK: AuthorHouse; 2016. AbstractAuthorHouse UK

As the Lord Jesus faced imminent death upon the Cross, He dedicated all His beloved disciples to a love relationship with His Mother saying, “Behold your mother!” St. John was present at the foot of the Cross, representing all mankind. And from that hour, he took her into his home. This commissioning of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Mother of all mankind illustrates the great love with which the LORD Jesus offered His life for all peoples - by giving us the gift of His mother. All are to comprehend that Mary has an active role to play in our faith and in our spiritual life. We acknowledge that this is how the LORD Jesus wished to bring His Sacrifice to completion by entrusting His mother to His beloved disciple, and in the beloved disciple to all mankind. It is a concrete maternal love relationship between Mary and all who trustingly commend themselves to her care. Under the watchful eye of Mary is a spiritual journey where we learn from the Blessed Mother of God what living a worthy discipleship in the LORD is, and we meditatively pray with the Blessed Mary as the first Christian Community did before Pentecost.

Kiptoo CC, Gerber A, van der Merwe A. {The ontological modelling of fruit fly control and management knowledge}.; 2016. Abstract

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. Fruit fly control and management in Africa has been the topic of several scientific investigations resulting in diverse sources of knowledge on the topic. Despite the existence of this knowledge, frequently it is not readily accessible to all targeted beneficiaries; this can be due to, for example, the remote locations of farms and the complexity of the knowledge. However, recent technological developments such as web technologies and networking allow for the engagement and participation of stakeholder groups in the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge and these technologies can also be applied to fruit fly knowledge. In order to facilitate this stakeholder participation in fruit fly knowledge sharing, the relevant domain knowledge needs to be available in a format that can support stakeholder engagement, preferably through the Web. Fruit fly knowledge has not been modelled in this manner and this paper reports on an investigation to model and capture the relevant domain knowledge using ontologies. The objective of this work is thus the development of the domain ontology and its evaluation using a prototype stakeholder participation system for fruit fly control and management that was capable of utilising the ontology. We describe our findings on the use of ontology technologies for representation of fruit fly knowledge, the fruit fly ontology developed, as well as a prototype Web-based system that uses the ontology as a source of knowledge.

Nguhiu-Mwangi J, Mbithi PMF, Mbuthia P.G. Claw disorders in dairy cows under smallholder zero-grazing units. Saarbrucken: Scholar's Press; 2015.
Nguhiu J, P M F M, Mbuthia P G. Claw Disorders in Dairy Cows Under Smallholder Zero-grazing Units. Saarbrucken, Germany: Scholars' Press; 2015.
Nguhiu-Mwangi J, Mbithi PMF, Mbuthia PG. Claw Disorders in Dairy Cows Under Varying Zero-Grazing Units. Scholars’ Press. ; 2015.
Wasamba P. Contemporary Oral Literature Fieldwork: A Researcher’s Guide. Nairobi: Nairobi University Press; 2015.
In. Counseling skills for counsellors. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company; 2015.
Moronge J. Economic Liberalisation and Industrial Restructuring in Kenya. Saarbrucken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing; 2015.
(IIRR) TO,(KAPP) FO,(KAPP) EIC,(MKU) NJH,(IIRR) EM,(IIRR) CM,(IIRR) NB. Fruits of our toil. Nairobi: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Cathedral road, Nairobi; 2015.Fruits of our toil kapap_book_d10-1.pdf
Oladipo R, Ikimari L, Kiplang’at J, Barasa L. General research methods. Nairobi: Oxford University Press East Africa; 2015.
Matula PD, Wanjala G, Ankoma. Instructional Supervision. Nairobi. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2015.
Wanjala G, Phylister D. Matula, Ankomah YA. Instructional Supervision: A Text for the M.Ed. Degree Programme of the University of Nairobi. Nairobi: CODL: University of Nairobi; 2015.
Muchiri J, Wasamba P(eds.). Kenya Meets Korea in Essays. Nairobi: College of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Nairobi; 2015.
of health M, of Nairobi U. kenya national oral health survey. kenya: ministry of health; 2015.kenya_national_oral_health_survey_report_2015.pdf
Olali T. Mashetani wa Alepo. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2015.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Wamalwa K. Miali ya Ushairi: Shule za upili na vyuo vya elimu. Nairobi: EAEP; 2015.miali_ya_ushairi_2016.jpg
Omondi FA. Modelling and Performability Evaluation of Wireless Sensor Networks.; 2015. Abstract

This thesis presents generic analytical models of homogeneous clustered Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) with a centrally located Cluster Head (CH) coordinating cluster communication with the sink directly or through other intermediate nodes. The focus is to integrate
performance and availability studies of WSNs in the presence of sensor
nodes and channel failures and repair/replacement. The main purpose is to enhance improvement of WSN Quality of Service (QoS).
Other research works also considered in this thesis include modelling
of packet arrival distribution at the CH and intermediate nodes, and
modelling of energy consumption at the sensor nodes

Behrens R, Dorothy McCormick, Mfinanga D. Paratransit in African Cities: Operations, Regulation and Transformation. . London: Earthscan; 2015.
Kihu SK, Gitao CG, Bebora LC. Peste des Petits ruminants disease in Turkana, Kenya. Omni scriptum GmbH and Co KG. ISBN 978-3-659-51078-3: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing ; 2015.peste_des_petits_ruminants_in_kenya-1.pdf
Matula PD, KYALO DN, Mulwa AS. Sociology of Education: Issues, Theories, Application, Revision Questions and Answers. Nairobi: Downtown Printing Works Ltd; 2015.
Speaker Intention In Monologue Discourse. Saarbrucken: Verlag; 2015.
Idenya PM. Standing in the Gap: an invite to minister as intercessor. US: Xulon Press; 2015. AbstractXulon Press

When I made the decision to make prayer a part of my daily activities, I found myself drawn to it by an inner yearning that made me look forward to those moments. Initially I prayed for my own needs, then for those close to me, then for those who asked me to pray for them. There emerged a noticeable pattern of how I prayed. It was by a movement of my heart in prayer, over which I had absolutely no control. I only needed to start praying and I would find myself drawn to particular groups or situations to pray for - ‘the unborn’, ‘the departed souls’, ‘peace in families’, ‘mothers’, ‘priests’, ‘the unemployed’. One time, while I was praying the rosary, I felt drawn to pray for missionaries. When I finished, I went to my workplace and immediately did an internet search on “missionary rosary”. I came across the “world mission rosary” that was inaugurated by Venerable Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen with these words, “We must pray, and not for ourselves, but for the world.”
Praying with this rosary became my transformation into intercessory prayer for all the peoples of the world. The joy that I found in intercession drew me to do some research work on intercession as a gift and as a ministry. That which I thought was something that is for a specific group of people turned out to be an open invite to all who are baptized Christians. I found this to be one area we can and should take up seriously our baptismal commitment as priests, prophets and kings. Thus, I decided to share my findings with all those who are probably desirous to serve in this ministry by coming up with “Standing in the Gap: an invite to minister as intercessor”. Will you?

Mogambi H. Usilie Yakobo. Nairobi: Phoenix Publishers Ltd; 2015.
Koh K-L, Kelman I, Kibugi R, Osorio R-LE. Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. World Scientific; 2015. Abstract
Koh K-L, Kelman I, Kibugi R, Osorio R-LE. Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. World Scientific; 2015. Abstract
Koh K-L, Kelman I, Kibugi R, Osorio R-LE. Adaptation to Climate Change: ASEAN and Comparative Experiences. World Scientific; 2015. Abstract
Nguhiu J, P M F M, Mbuthia P G. Claw Disorders in Dairy Cows Under Smallholder Zero-grazing Units. Saarbrucken, Germany: Scholars’ Press; 2015. Abstract
Ngeso na Kit Mikayi ( children literature) . Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2014.
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Kuria MW. Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
Orata D. Basic Thermodynamics And Kinetics (for Scientists and Engineers). Germany: Lambert Academic Publishers; 2014.
Gitao, C.G., Bebora, L.C., Wanjohi. G. Camel Mik Hygiene: Analysis of Camel Milk contamination in Garissa and Wajir Counties in Kenya. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-58174-8_coverpreview2.pdf
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Inyega HN, Inyega JO, Wangamati AS. Communication skills for academic exellence. Nairobi: Jo-Vansallen Publishing Company; 2014.
Maina SM. communication Skills, Edition for University and College Students. Nairobi: The Mwituria Publishers; 2014.
Kaviti L, Gichinga J. Cry of the Heart. Nairobi: Arba Publications Ltd. ; 2014.
Gitao CG, Mbindyo C, Bebora L. Dairy Goat Milk Hygiene: Analyses in Mt Kenya Region. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-61078-3_coverpreview2.pdf
J.N. M, Mbatiah M, Iribe M. Dhima na Majukumu ya Asasi Mbali Mbali katika Ukuzaji wa Kiswahili. Nairobi: Focus Books; 2014.
Imonje RK, Monda. A, Ndirangu CW. Flood and Education: Access to Education in Flood Prone Areas. Lambert publishing house; 2014.
C.G. Gitao, E. Chepkwony, G. Muchemi. Foot and Mouth Disease in Somali Eco-system: Disease patterns in Kenya. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-59673-5_coverpreview2.pdf
Habwe J. Hadaa ya Nafsi. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2014.
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M OM, F. M, J. AM. Human Resources Management. Mombasa, Kenya ; 2014.
Matula PD, KYALO DN, MULWA SA. Instructional Supervision:Bridging Theory and Practice(A handbook for students and Lecturers). Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2014.
Ogecha J, Kisera JK, Ariga S. Integrated Beanfly Management in East Africa: Beanfly Management on Common Beans in Kenya. London: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.
Mutia Jemimah LG. Internal Efficiency and Public Secondary School Financing. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.
Wamitila KW. Kaza Macho. Nairobi: Vide~Muwa Publishers Ltd.; 2014.
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Murunga GR, Okelo D, Sjögren A. Kenya: The Struggle for a New Constitutional Order. London: Zed Books; 2014.
Saidi H, ONGETI K, Mandela P, Mwachaka P, Olabu B. Kiman's Histology Text and Manual. Nairobi: Department of Human Anatomy, UON; 2014.
HAMU PROFHABWEJOHN. Kovu la Moyoni. Nairobi: Bookmark; 2014.
Bentivoglio M, Cavalherio EA, Kristensson K, Patel NB. Neglected Tropical Diseases and Conditions of the Nervous System. Springer; 2014.productflyer_978-1-4614-8099-0-1.pdf
Field CB, Aalst MV, Aalst MV, Opondo M, Poloczanska E, Pörtner H-O, Redsteer MH. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects: Volume 1, Global and Sectoral Aspects: Working Group II Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. USA: IPCC; 2014.

Human interference with the climate system is occurring. [WGI AR5 2.2, 6.3, 10.3-6, 10.9] Climate change poses risks for human and natural systems (Figure TS.1). The assessment of impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability in the Working Group II contribution to the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (WGII AR5) evaluates how patterns of risks and potential benefits are shifting due to climate change and how risks can be reduced through mitigation and adaptation. It recognizes that risks of climate change will vary across regions and populations, through space and time, dependent on myriad factors including the extent of mitigation and adaptation. [INSERT FIGURE TS.1 HERE Figure TS.1: Climate-related hazards, exposure, and vulnerability interact to produce risk. Changes in both the climate system (left) and development processes including adaptation and mitigation (right) are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability. [19.2, Figure 19-1]] Section A of this summary characterizes observed impacts, vulnerability and exposure, and responses to date. Section B examines the range of future risks and potential benefits across sectors and regions, highlighting where choices matter for reducing risks through mitigation and adaptation. Section C considers principles for effective adaptation and the broader interactions among adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development. Box TS.1 introduces the context of the WGII AR5, and Box TS.2 defines central concepts. To accurately convey the degree of certainty in key findings, the report relies on the consistent use of calibrated uncertainty language, introduced in Box TS.3. Chapter references in square brackets indicate support for findings, paragraphs of findings, figures, and tables in this summary.

prof habwe. pendo la kahara. nairobi: moran publishers; 2014.
Gatumu JC. Teachers and students attitudes towards Christian Religious Education.. Saarbrucken: Scholars press. ISBN 9783639710205; 2014. Abstract

The research discussed in this book sought to penetrate the functional role fo teachers and students’ attitudes towards Christian Religious Education in Kenya. A mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative) approach was employed with the investigations being ‘ex post facto’ in design. A random stratified procedure was employed to select the constituents of the sample. The sample consisted of 49 teachers and 909 students. The methodology, findings, discussion, conclusions and recommendations of the research are presented in the book.

Ongaro J. Towards Plane Hurwitz Numbers, Licentiate Thesis in Mathematics at Stockholm University. Stockholm University, Department of mathematics; 2014. Abstract


Njeri KM. Women and the Informal Economy in Urban Africa. London: Zed Publishers; 2014.
Gatari M, Berhane Z, Ulmer L, Omanga E. Industrial air pollution in rural Kenya: community awareness, risk perception and associations between risk variables.; 2014. AbstractWebsite

Background Developing countries have limited air quality management systems due to inadequate legislation and lack of political will, among other challenges. Maintaining a balance between economic development and sustainable environment is a challenge …

Mutuli SM, BIRIR JK, Maina DM, Kairu WM, Gatari MM. Welding Quality in Kenya: Application of Radiography.; 2014. AbstractWebsite

In Kenya, welding services are extensively employed in both the formal and informal sectors. The needs continue to increase with increasing population, infrastructure and vehicle fleet, and economic development. Welding need is even currently very important in support of …

Costanzo LS. Physiology: with {STUDENT} {CONSULT} {Online} {Access}, 5e. 5 edition. Philadelphia Pa.: Saunders; 2013. Abstract

Clear, consistent, and user-friendly, the updated edition of Physiology, by renowned physiology instructor Dr. Linda Costanzo, offers a comprehensive overview of core physiologic concepts at the organ system and cellular levels. It presents information in a short, simple, and focused manner, making it an ideal combination textbook and review guide for the USMLE Step 1. You'll grasp all the essential and relevant physiology knowledge you need for absolute success in school and on your exams! Build a strong understanding of the underlying principles of cellular physiology, the autonomic nervous system, and neurophysiology, as well as the cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, acid-base, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and reproductive organ systems.{\textbackslash}Grasp physiology principles with absolute clarity through step-by-step explanations, easy-to-follow diagrams, and a full-color design, in addition to physiology equations and sample problems integrated throughout the text.Effortlessly study important points and reinforce your understanding of physiology with the help of chapter summaries and review questions. Access the entire contents online at Student Consult, including an image bank, 8 animations, "Ask the Author" section, and FAQs.Master the latest physiology concepts with expanded coverage on electrochemical driving forces across cell membranes; the cellular mechanisms in smooth muscle; second messengers (including JAK-Stat pathway); the effects of AII, PGs, NSAIDs on RPF, GFR, filtration fraction, and proximal reabsorption; and local reflexes involved in peristalsis.Reinforce your understanding of key content with the help of additional questions at the end of each chapter offered in an open-ended, problem-solving format.

Judith Mbau, Nyangito M, Gachene C. 2013. Land use and land cover changes analysis: Linking local communities to land use and land cover changes using participatory geographic information systems (PGIS).. Lambert Academic Publishers.; 2013. Abstract

Land use and land cover changes are important processes that influence the dynamics of human-wildlife conflicts. Effective management of human-wildlife conflicts requires the participation of local communities and other stakeholders. However, local communities need to identify and understand resource use change and their role in the process, so as to facilitate uptake of appropriate land resource management strategies aimed at counteracting human-wildlife conflicts. Approaches aimed at changing local community behavior towards natural resource use require appropriate technologies that bridge the technology and knowledge gaps between policy makers and local communities. PGIS was used to assess and educate local communities on land use and land cover changes as well as visualize the problems associated with resource changes. Local communities were found to be significantly knowledgeable about resource changes and their causes. PGIS compared well to conventional GIS analysis and therefore an appropriate technology for analysing and monitoring landuse and land cover changes.

M.M. O, C.M R. and Procedures in Project Planning and Management. Nairobi, Kenya; 2013.
Amolo M. BRP 314 N ew religious movement in Africa. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
Amolo M. BRP 318 : History of Christianity. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
Kokwaro JO. Classification of East African Crops. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2013.University of Nairobi Press
Fanuel Mugwang'a Keheze, Karimi Mwangi Patrick, Walter N, WAITA SEBASTIAN. Copper Based Solar Cell Materials. London: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing ; 2013.
Gatumu JC. Counselling and sexually abused children’s academic performance. Saarbrucken, Germany: Lambert academic publishing; 2013.
KIHORO GEOFFREY. CPY 204: Psychology of Ageing. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
KIHORO GEOFFREY. CPY 302: Vocationa l Guidance, Module. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
KIHORO GEOFFREY. CPY 309: Deviant Behaviour. Nairobi: University of Nairobi.; 2013.
Kisumbi BK, Simila HO, Osiro OA. DENTAL BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE: MODULE II - AUXILLIARY DENTAL MATERIALS. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2013.
Mboroki DG. Distance Education Versus the Mainstream:. Germany: LAP Academic Publications; 2013.
Awange JL, Kyalo Kiema JB. Environmental Geoinformatics : Monitoring and Management.; 2013. AbstractWebsite

There is no doubt that today, perhaps more than ever before, humanity faces a myriad of complex and demanding challenges. These include natural resource depletion and environmental degradation, food and water insecurity, energy shortages, diminishing biodiversity, increasing losses from natural disasters, and climate change with its associated potentially devastating consequences, such as rising sea levels. These human-induced and natural impacts on the environment need to be well understood in order to develop informed policies, decisions, and remedial measures to mitigate current and future negative impacts. To achieve this, continuous monitoring and management of the environment to acquire data that can be soundly and rigorously analyzed to provide information about its current state and changing patterns, and thereby allow predictions of possible future impacts, are essential. Developing pragmatic and sustainable solutions to address these and many other similar challenges requires the use of geodata and the application of geoinformatics. This book presents the concepts and applications of geoinformatics, a multidisciplinary field that has at its core different technologies that support the acquisition, analysis and visualization of geodata for environmental monitoring and management. We depart from the 4D to the 5D data paradigm, which defines geodata accurately, consistently, rapidly and completely, in order to be useful without any restrictions in space, time or scale to represent a truly global dimension of the digital Earth. The book also features the state-of-the-art discussion of Web-GIS. The concepts and applications of geoinformatics presented in this book will be of benefit to decision-makers across a wide range of fields, including those at environmental agencies, in the emergency services, public health and epidemiology, crime mapping, environmental management agencies, tourist industry, market analysis and e-commerce, or mineral exploration, among many others. The title and subtitle of this textbook convey a distinct message. Monitoring -the passive part in the subtitle - refers to observation and data acquisition, whereas management - the active component - stands for operation and performance. The topic is our environment, which is intimately related to geoinformatics. The overall message is: all the mentioned elements do interact and must not be separated. Hans-Peter B ahr, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr.h.c., Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany.

Johnson AN, Gakunga DK. Factors Influencing Children Enrolment in Pre-School in Kenya. Mauritius: Lamert Academic Publishing; 2013.
and O.J. Chichoque, G.N. Karuku. MOMAKCMC. Fertilization of maize-legume Intercrop in Mozambique. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2013.
Boniface N. Foods and Nutrition for Preschool . Nairobi: CODL; 2013.
S.M. M. From Qatar with the Love for the Soil. From Qatar with the Love for the Soil; 2013.
H.J. K, C.M. G, P.N. K. Fundamentals of Management:Theories, Concepts & Practice. Nairobi: Aura Books; 2013.
Kirui OK, Okello JJ, Nyikal R, Mbogoh SG. Impact of Mobile Money Transfer Services in Kenyan Agriculture. LAP LAMBERT ; 2013.
Njenga JN, Gitau GK, Thaiyah AG. Infectious Diseases of Sheep and Goats. Njoro, Nakuru: Egerton university press; 2013.
Waris A, Leaman J. The International Political Economy of Taxation 1945-Present. Berlin: Bregnan; 2013.
Mukabi ML. Introduction to Unit Operations. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.
Kimilu RK. Jatropha Biodiesel: Properties and Performance. Sunnyvale, CA: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2013.
Paron P, Olago D, Omuto CT. Kenya: A Natural Outlook Geo-Environmental Resources and Hazards. Netherlands: Elsevier; 2013.
Paron P, Olago DO, Omuto CT. Kenya: A Natural Outlook: Methods and Applications.; 2013. AbstractKenya: A Natural Outlook: Methods and Applications

Kenya is a thriving country in East Africa: its economy is largely based on the natural environment that frames the tourism sector, mainly through safaris and holidays on the coast. The natural environment also underpins the second largest industry: agriculture. Kenya’s social, technological, and industrial developments are a reference for many neighboring countries. Kenya plays a leading role in Africa and attracts huge amounts of investments. Furthermore, the humanitarian community has made Nairobi its base for international headquarters and regional offices. This makes Kenya a possible model for development and investment in its widest sense. This book aims at updating the holistic view on Kenya’s natural environment and resources. It provides a sound scientific introduction to this country’s physical and socioeconomic setting and its evolution through time and will appeal to a broad audience of students – in Kenya and abroad – as well as those working in the development and humanitarian sectors and to international donors looking for a scientific compendium on Kenya’s environment. Its structure and references allow the reader to deepen his or her knowledge of every theme touched on in the book.

Nyasani PJ, Owuor MA. Latin Maxims, Expressions, Phrases and Idioms in Legal and Philosophical Use. Nairobi: BR Professional Education; 2013.
Gichuki N. Law of Financial Institutions in Kenya (2nd edition). Nairobi: LawAfrica; 2013.
HAMU PROFHABWEJOHN. Lulu ya Maisha. Jomo Kenyatta Foundation; 2013.
Kokwaro JO, Johns T. Luo-English Biological Dictionary. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers Ltd; 2013.
Mogambi H. Makali’s Turn. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau; 2013.
Ngugi, Muiru and Kiai W. Media Veterans: 70 Years of Journalism in Kenya. . Nairobi: SOJMC; 2013.
Oketch NA, Masibo M, Olago DO. Mineral, Oil and Gas Resources.; 2013. Abstract

The mineral, oil and gas sectors have not played an important role in the economy of Kenya in the past, but the recent discovery of mineral sands and rare earth elements at the coast and oil in the Lokichar Basin in the northern part of the country are proving to be game changers in the mining, oil and gas sectors. The most important minerals mined in the past have been mainly industrial minerals with soda ash and fluorspar being the most important products. Significant tonnage of gold was mined in western parts of Kenya, but currently only minor exploration and production from the old mine sites is taking place. However, with the increased interest and the government resolve to improve mineral exploration, new mineral finds are possible. Exploration for oil and gas has been taking place in Kenya since the 1950s, but it is only recently that significant oil finds have been reported. The findings have inspired several companies to explore for oil and gas within all the major sedimentary basins in Kenya, namely, the Lokichar Basin, Turkana Basin, the Kerio and Baringo Basin, the Anza Basin, and the Lamu Basin.

Aketch NO, Masibo M, Olago DO. Mineral, Oil and Gas Resources: A natural Outlook-Geoenvironmental Resources and Hazards..; 2013. Abstract

The mineral, oil and gas sectors have not played an important role in the economy of Kenya in the past, but the recent discovery of mineral sands and rare earth elements at the coast and oil in the Lokichar Basin in the northern part of the country are proving to be game changers in the mining, oil and gas sectors. The most important minerals mined in the past have been mainly industrial minerals with soda ash and fluorspar being the most important products. Significant tonnage of gold was mined in western parts of Kenya, but currently only minor exploration and production from the old mine sites is taking place. However, with the increased interest and the government resolve to improve mineral exploration, new mineral finds are possible. Exploration for oil and gas has been taking place in Kenya since the 1950s, but it is only recently that significant oil finds have been reported. The findings have inspired several companies to explore for oil and gas within all the major sedimentary basins in Kenya, namely, the Lokichar Basin, Turkana Basin, the Kerio and Baringo Basin, the Anza Basin, and the Lamu Basin.

Mutoro HW, Wafula GK. Mizizi A Collection of Essays on Kenya's History. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2013. Abstractmizizi-the_development_of_archaelogy_in_kenya.pdf

The Development of Archaeology in Kenya Since the Early 1960's

The history of archeology in Kenya broadly parallels that of the broader East African Region. This, in part, is because the region shares a related cultural history and in part, because, socio-political and economic environments in the countries of the region are largely related. In addition, international trends in archaeology pertaining to method and theory, affected the region in a more or less similar manner. Despite this, and for purposes of this chapter, the discussion confines itself to historical developments that relate to Kenya, since the early 1960's.
Archaeological studies in Kenya, as in the East African countries, have been conducted in two major dimensions, one concerned with human origins, and the other concerned with aspects pf later prehistory (Robertshaw 1990:78). The chapter will shed light on the social, political and economic environments under which archaeology as a discipline has thrived; explain how international trends in archaeology in method and theory have influenced archaeological studies in the country were conducted and how their results were interpreted.

Okeyo AM, Ibrahim MNM;, Ali, A; Bhuiyan AKFH;, Choudhury MP;, Sarker SC;, Islam F;. Morphometry and performance of Black Bengal goats at the rural community level in Bangladesh.; 2013. AbstractWebsite

Data on morphometrics and performance of 106 Black Bengal goats were collected through an in-depth monitoring survey conducted in 73 families of Gangatia, Borachala and Pachpai villages of Bhaluka Upazila, Mymensingh, Bangladesh using a structured

M IJ. OCEANOGRAPHY. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013. AbstractUniversity of Nairobi

Welcome to Oceanography (SMR 411). This course is offered to both Meteorology students and atmospheric students. While this course does not require pre-requisites, a basic knowledge on climate and atmospheric circulation will enable the leaner to comprehend the concepts presented in the course.

Oceanography is the study of the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the world ocean. All the global oceans together with the seas cover nearly three-quarters of the surface of the earth. The major goals of oceanography are to understand the geologic and geochemical processes involved in the evolution and alteration of the ocean and its basin, to evaluate the interaction of the ocean and the atmosphere so that greater knowledge of climatic variations can be attained, and to describe how the biological productivity in the sea is controlled.

Oceans play an important role on weather and climate. Have you ever heard of El Niño, tropical cyclones, the Atlantic hurricane season and storm surges? How does the oceans contribute to these phenomena? These and many other interesting features will be learnt in this course.

Kameri-Mbote P, Odote C, Musembi C, Murigi K. Ours By Right: Law, Politics and Realities of Community Property in Kenya. Nairobi: Srathmore University Press; 2013.
Kameri-Mbote P, Odote C, Musembi CN, Kamande W. Ours by Right: Law, Politics and Realities of Community Property in Kenya. Nairobi: Strathmore University Press; 2013.
Gatumu JC. Philosophical Foundations of Early Childhood Education. NAIROBI: CENTRE FOR OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING ; 2013.
Janet K, Mwathi L, Kiganjo G. Physical Education Form Two Teachers Guide.; 2013.
Nyongesa FW. Practical Physics I. Nairobi: University of Nairobi-CODL; 2013.
MBWESA JOYCEKANINI. Principles And Practices Of Peace Education. NAIROBI: Center for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; 2013.
Gakunga, Daniel K, Brovermann S, Sadhna G. Promoting Girls Education in Kenya,WiserBridge Progamme in Muhuru Bay. Mauritious: Lambert Academic Publishers; 2013.
Kibera MW, K.Gakunga D, Imonje R. Provision of Education for Pastoralist Children: The Case of Mobile Schools in Kenya. Lamert Academic Publishing; 2013.
Imonje RK, Kibera MW, Gakunga DK. Provision of Education for Pastoralists Children: The Case of Mobile Schools in Kenya.. Lambert publishing house; 2013.
Gatumu JC. Religious Education Methods. NAIROBI: CENTRE FOR OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING; 2013.
Michael N. Research Methods: A thesis building skills Approach. Nairobi: Longhorn.; 2013.
TIMAMMY RAYYA, SWALEH AMIRI. Riwaya ya Kiswahili (BSW 308) . Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2013.
Maundu P, Bosibori E, Kibet S, Morimoto Y, Odubo A, Kapeta B, Muiruri P, Adeka R, Ombonya J. Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage: a practical guide to documenting traditional foodways. Paris: UNESCO; 2013.
Maundu P, E B, Kibet S, Morimoto Y, Odubo A, Kapeta B, Muiruri P. Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage: a practical guide to documenting traditional foodways. Nairobi: UNESCO; 2013.

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