Prevalence of active and potentially blinding trachoma in Laikipia district, Kenya

Citation:
Karimurio J, Ilako F, Gichangi M. "Prevalence of active and potentially blinding trachoma in Laikipia district, Kenya." East Afr J ophthalmol. 2007;13:39-42.

Abstract:

Objectives: To estimate with reasonable precision the prevalence of active trachoma (TF) in children aged 1-9 years and potentially blinding trachoma (TT) in adults 15 years and older in Laikipia District.
Design: Baseline community based survey conducted from 22nd to 30th July 2007 using the standardized WHO protocol.
Setting: Laikipia District of the Lift Valley Province of Kenya.
Subjects: A total of 348 households were visited. 1,017 children aged 1-9 years and 1,225 adults aged >15 years were examined.
Results: Ninety seven out of the 1,017 children had TF hence the prevalence of TF in Laikipia is 9.5% (95% CI: 6.3-13.9). 14 out of the 1,225 adults had TT. Prevalence of TT in Laikipia is 1.1% (95% CI: 0.5-2.4).
Conclusions: Active trachoma is not a district wide public health problem in Laikipia. Potentially blinding trachoma (TT) is a district wide public health.
Recommendations: District-wide mass antibiotic treatment is not justifi able but all the suspected endemic sub-locations should be surveyed and treated where necessary. There is need for TT surgical services in the entire district.

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