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KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Dr. Peninnah M. Kako, Prof. Anna K. Karani, Prof.Patricia E. Stevens Reactions to HIV Diagnosis from Women Living with HIV in Kenya.". In: Paper presented at Safari Park Hotel STTI Conference on 3rd July, 2010. Dr.Peninnah M.Kako, Prof. Anna K. Karani, Prof.Patricia E. Stevens; Submitted. Abstract

Background: HIV prevalence in Kenya stands at 7.8%, with women being most affected with infection rates being 2-3 times higher than that of their male counterparts.  Studies that focus on health needs of HIV-infected women in Kenya are needed and necessary. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an in-depth understanding of the reactions of 40 urban and rural HIV-infected Kenyan women to HIV diagnosis. Methods: Narrative inquiry principles were employed to guide this qualitative cross-sectional study. We conducted in-depth interviews using open-ended questions in April and May 2006.  Findings: Participants

2013 PMK; PS; LM-V; JK; AKADEK &. "Missed Opportunities for early HIV Diagnosis: Critical insights from the stories of Kenyan women living with HIV." International Journal of health Promotionand Education. Submitted;(10/3/2013).
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Ms Chore Jane Njambi; Prof. Anna Karani Dr. Margaret Chege. Assessment of Challenges Facing Preceptors at Kenyatta National Hospital Specialized Units.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, vol. 40:1: 6-13. Impress Communication Printers and Stationers; Submitted. Abstract

The main aim of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to assess challenges faced by preceptors at Kenyatta National Hospital specialized units. The study was conducted among preceptors with more than one year experience at Kenyatta National Hospital specialized units and combined both quantitative and qualitative methods. Data was collected using a self administered semi-structured questionnaire distributed to 113 randomly sampled preceptor nurses and an interview guide was used to collect qualitative data from five unit managers. The data was coded, computed and analyzed by SPSS version 17 (qualitative data was analyzed manually).Commonly reported challenges by preceptors included; heavy patient workload 85.71%, lack of adequate resources 59.52% and a high number of students attached to a preceptor 59.52%. Chi square was used to establish relationships between variables. Motivation to serve as a preceptor was strongly associated with the number of years a participant had served as a nurse. (X=11.30; p=0.01).

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "1. Naruse Kazuko, Tashiro Junko, Sankyo Yumi, Ichikawa Wakako, Karani Anna Stakeholders.". In: Annual Scientific Conference of National Nurses Association of Kenya on 5th - 7th October, 2011 at Kagumo Teachers College in Nyeri, Kenya. Blackwell Publishing Co.; Submitted. Abstract

After the World Health Assembly approved WHA 45.5 in 1992 addressing the nursing shortage by refocusing nurses and midwifes to meet community health needs, community demands for educated nurses and the needs of higher nursing education in developing countries increased.  Therefore in Kenyan a major university school of nursing initiated a collaborative study with a well established Japanese nursing college to determine the service-providers

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. ": PERCEPTION OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING (BScN) ON THEIR ROLE ON NURSING IN A HOSPITAL SETTING Prof. Anna K. Karani University of Nairobi, Stephen Kainga,(MScN) University of Nairobi Prof. Simon Kangethe Moi University. Diana Mwarania BScN (graduate.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal: Dec. KNJ Vol. 41(2) 23-33. Impress Communications; Submitted. Abstract

The study was conducted to investigate the clinical Competence of Bachelor of Science Nursing graduates working at Kenyatta National Hospital in March 2011. The objective was to assess the perceptions of graduate nurses about the nursing profession and the implications on the development of BScN undergraduates from the University of Nairobi and other Universities with a view to improving their perception about the profession  through continuing education and curriculum review. It was a cross sectional study with a sample size of 50 nurses, total population selected on purpose. A supervised questionnaire and focus group discussion tools were used for data collection.  The findings indicated that majority of the Bachelor of Science Nursing graduates

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Challenges in Accessing HIV-related Healthcare in Resource Limited Communities: Lessons from HIV-infected Women in Kenya.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, 38(1) 24-31. Dr. Peninnah M. Kako,Univ.W1; Prof. Anna K. Karani,UoN & Prof. Patricia E. Stevens, Univ.W1; Submitted. Abstract

 Background: Increasing access to HIV-related health care is very important in access resource limited countries. In Kenya HIV prevalence increased in 2008 to 7.8 from 6.7 in 2003. Women are mostly affected with infection rates 2-3 times more than men. Challenges women face attempting to access HIV care is urgent.Purpose: Study sought to identify health needs of HIV infected women in Kenya grapple with.Method: Forty Urban (Nairobi) and rural (Eastern Province) infected women participated in the study. A cross sectional qualitative narrative study eilicited life stories of health needs. Unstructured in-depth interviews,tape recorded, transcribed and translated to English. Data analysis used N-vivo qualitative analysis soft ware. Multistage narrative analysis was used to explore emergent themes.Findings: Women of mean age 37 years and 3 years since diagnosis described prolonged illnesses sufferred by spouses, themselves and children burdened by inadequate HIV care.Conclusion: Early diagnosis and treatment Interventions are necessary for wellbeing and long life.

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Clinical competence of Nursing Graduates in Kenya. African Journal of Midwifery and Womens.". In: African Journal of Midwifery and Womens. 1. Margaret Njambi Chege, Ephantus W. Kabiru, Anna Karani and Anseline Derese; Submitted. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Ms Emma Matheka, Prof. Anna Karani, Mr. L.P.Oteba, Mr. M.F. Otieno, Prof. Simon Kangehte THE ROLE OF HORMONAL CONTRACEPTIVES IN HIV INFECTION AMONG ANTENATAL MOTHERS IN MACHAKOS DISTRICT HOSPITAL.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, vol. 40:1: 6-13. Ms Emma Matheka, Prof. Anna Karani, Mr. L.P.Oteba, Mr. M.F. Otieno, Prof. Simon Kangehte; Submitted. Abstract

This study was done at Machakos District Hospital in the Eastern province of Kenya between May and August 2007.Aim was to find out the role of hormonal contraceptives in HIV infection among antennal mothers. Analytical cross- sectional study design was used. Methodology. The sample size consisted of 144 antenatal mothers visiting the MCH clinic for PMTCT services among other services. The simple random sampling technique included every 8th antenatal mother visiting the PMTCT clinic who had no history of consisted condom use. All antenatal mothers who had not used condoms consistedly both contraceptive and non-contraceptive users who fell in the sampling frame acted as study subjects. This was on condition that they consented to participate in the study. A self

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Ms Gichigi Esther, Prof. Anna Karani Dr Margaret Chege .". In: Kenya Nursing Journal June, Vol. 39(1) 57-61. Ms Gichigi Esther, Prof. Anna Karani Dr Margaret Chege; Submitted. Abstract

Mentorship programs are offered to support students in program completion, confidence building and transitioning to further education or the work force. However mentoring relationships have been faced by challenges such as inadequate knowledge and negative attitude. This study aimed at evaluating knowledge, attitude and perceived benefits on mentorship among the nursing students in Kenyan universities. The study was conducted in September, 2009.  A descriptive cross sectional survey  used both qualitative and quantitative methods to gather information. The study participants were students from University of Nairobi (U.O.N) and Kenya Methodist University (K.E.M.U). A sample of 188 students was selected from a total population of 403 in both universities. The data were coded, entered and analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). Presentation of data was done in form of descriptive statistics, frequency distribution and graphs. Pearsons chi square tests were used to compare the two groups. The tests level of significance was set at 5%. Results showed that there was a significance difference between mentorship programmes in the two institutions ( χ 2= 17.02,  d.f=1 , p < 0.001)           . Fourty four (72%) of the students at K.E.M.U felt that the program had positive impact on students

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Ms Grace Gachuiri, Prof. Anna Karani, Dr Margaret Chege THE ROLE OF CLINICAL PLACEMENT ON KRCHN GRADUATES PERFORMANCE IN THE NCK REGISTRATION EXAMINATION.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal 1st.July 2010. Ms Grace Gachuiri, Prof. Anna Karani, Dr Margaret Chege; Submitted. Abstract

The study sought to establish the factors affecting the diploma graduates performance in the Nursing registration examination. Necessitated by poor performance recorded in recent years, this study was aimed at seeking to establish the reasons why. This was a descriptive study. Quantitative data was collected using self-administered semi structured questionnaires from 75 KRCHN graduates working at Kenyatta National Hospital. The study areas were purposively selected and the study subjects selected through simple random sampling. Qualitative data was collected using a study from lecturers

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Ms Grace Wangechi Gachuiri, Prof. Anna Karani, Dr Margaret Chege IMPACT OF STUDENTS AND TEACHER CHARACTERISTICS ON PERFORMANCE OF DIPLOMA NURSE GRADUATES.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal June, Vol. 39(1) 57-61. Ms Grace Wangechi Gachuiri, Prof. Anna Karani, Dr Margaret Chege; Submitted. Abstract

Necessitated by poor performance recorded in recent years, this descriptive study sought to establish the impact of students and teacher characteristics on performance in the Nursing registration examination. The study combined both qualitative and quantitative methods. Quantitative data was collected using self-administered semi structured questionnaires from 75 KRCHN graduates working at Kenyatta National Hospital. The study areas were purposively selected and the study subjects selected through simple random sampling. Qualitative data was collected using a study guide from lecturers

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "NURSE.". In: Annual Scientific Conference on 5th-7th Oct. 2011 at Kagumo Teachers College - Nyeri, Kenya. National Nurses Association of Kenya; Submitted. Abstract

 Prof. Anna Karani on - Authentic Leadership focus on impact of integrity so that leadership is better prepared to face the toughest challenges, inspire transparency and trust. It requires building in mind the customers served. Behaviour change is essential for long term growth and it avoids peripheral vision. Focused leadership identifies the missing link, addresses priority issues and information that is accurate, complete, economical, flexible, reliable, simple, timely, and verifiable. Nurses have a purpose, a destiny and need to accomplish things. They are trained to make a difference in peoples

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Nyangena, E., Mutema, A. & Karani, A. Evaluation of clinical training in nursing in Kenya.". In: Baraton Interdisciplinary Research Journal - Dec. 2011 1(2) 22-30. Baraton Interdisciplinary Research Journal; Submitted. Abstract

 The  research evaluated clinical training provided by the academic institutions that offer Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BScN) program. The purpose of the study was to describe the adequacy of clinical training and the graduates preparedness for nursing practice. The study was conducted from Sept. 2008 to March 2010. Design was cross sectional using questionnaires and focus group interviews (FGI) methods to collect data. The sample comprised of 232 subjects including pre-service BScN graduates and nursing supervisors at four teaching and referral hospitals in Kenya. Results revealed that clinical training provided by academic institutions was adequate but quality of training varied widely among the training institutions. The conclusion was that clinical training provided by BScN programs in Kenya was of high quality. The study recommends that urgent attention was required by nurse educators to address identified gaps in clinical training especially clinical instruction and supervision.   

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Prof. Anna K. Karani ; Stephen Kainga; Prof. Simon Kangethe; Diana Mwarania - PERCEPTION OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING (BScN) ON THEIR ROLE ON NURSING IN A HOSPITAL SETTING.". In: KNJ Dec. 2011; vol.41:2. Impress Communications; Submitted. Abstract

The study was conducted to investigate the clinical Competence of Bachelor of Science Nursing graduates working at Kenyatta National Hospital in March 2011. The objective was to assess the perceptions of graduate nurses about the nursing profession and the implications on the development of BScN undergraduates from the University of Nairobi and other Universities with a view to improving their perception about the profession  through continuing education and curriculum review. It was a cross sectional study with a sample size of 50 nurses, total population selected on purpose. A supervised questionnaire and focus group discussion tools were used for data collection.  The findings indicated that majority of the Bachelor of Science Nursing graduates

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Prof. Anna K. Karani RE - DISCOVERING THE CHRISTIAN NURSE.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal 1st.July 2010. Prof. Anna K. Karani; Submitted. Abstract

The old nurse was there during the colonial  era. They were trained mainly by missionaries who were Christians. Therefore, they had the discipline and the Christian foundation principles. The joy of a Christian institution like Kijabe is that it still has that foundation. So all is not lost. We have to make sure that the lost PASSION, LOVE & CARE are back in the nursing profession. We have to restore that passion. That idea or feeling

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Prof. Anna Karani Facing Today.". In: Paper presented at Safari Park Hotel STTI Conference on 3rd July, 2010. Prof. Anna K. Karani; Submitted. Abstract

A leader is one who has the  Vision to see, Faith to believe, Will to learn, Humility to serve, Courage to do, Resilience to rise up in times of knock downs. What  is leadership? The ability to get things done through people.  What challenges have you encountered in leadership as you work? How have you overcome these challenges? What sets you apart from everybody else? What is it that you do differently from the nurse of to-day? It is your leadership. The way you do things for the community you serve. The commitment to serve selflessly. The way you are disciplined. It is not just money.  We all want to learn how to become more effective leaders in providing health care to the  community. We have to prepare for many challenges with the advanced technology, rapid development, and fast changing health systems, emerging diseases, rising poverty, hard economic times, changing social systems, Education , political , environment, climate among many others that affect the communities we serve. Facing Today

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Prof. Anna karani, Prof. Simon Kangethe, Mr. Johannes Njagi, Njoka ,Media Resources in Medical Education: Critical issues and factors to consider in instructional media development in the training of health professionals.". In: African Journal of Midwifery and Womens. Prof. Anna karani, Prof. Simon Kangethe & Johannes Njagi Njoka; Submitted. Abstract

 Media resources are critical component in teaching and learning process. Studies indicate that media resources provide the substitute for direct learning experiences during instruction and enable educators to present the learners with the requisite experience necessary for the acquisition of appropriate knowledge, skills and attitudes.The researchers set out to explore the philosophical, psychological and educational basis that provides guidelines on the development of media resources in the effective education and training of health professionals. Methodology was a historical critique of information from books, journals,magazines and internet on media resources in Medical education.  The findings indicate that the process of media resources development and administration is highly creative venture according to Mason (1977).plan, prepare, present, preview and follow up activities after use of equipment. Therefore educators must be able to demonstrate these issues when developing and administering them. 

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Prof. Karani Anna : NURSE.". In: Annual Scientific Conference of National Nurses Association of Kenya on 5th - 7th October, 2011 at Kagumo Teachers College in Nyeri, Kenya. National Nurses Association of Kenya; Submitted. Abstract

Authentic Leadership focus on impact of integrity so that leadership is better prepared to face the toughest challenges, inspire transparency and trust. It requires building in mind the customers served. Behaviour change is essential for long term growth and it avoids peripheral vision. Focused leadership identifies the missing link, addresses priority issues and information that is accurate, complete, economical, flexible, reliable, simple, timely, and verifiable. Nurses have a purpose, a destiny and need to accomplish things. They are trained to make a difference in peoples

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "ROLES OF MEDICAL EDUCATORS IN THE ADVANCEMENT OF HEALTH PROFESSIONS .". In: Kenya Nursing Journal - KNJ Vol. 41(2) 65-67. Impress Communications; Submitted. Abstract

Health care professionals are absorbed daily in the practices of their professional areas of specialization. Medical Educators,  spend their time catering to the educational needs of all health care professionals, whatever their specialization. A recent area of concern in the medical education curricula has been the inclusion of the topic

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "S. Kangethe, A. Karani, J. Njagi, E Kamaara, C, Syallow, J.M. Ole Kiu, Mengich, Gladys. ROLES OF MEDICAL EDUCATORS IN THE ADVANCEMENT OF HEALTH PROFESSIONS .". In: KNJ Dec. 2011; vol.41:2. Impress Communications; Submitted. Abstract

Health care professionals are absorbed daily in the practices of their professional areas of specialization. Pediatricians, for example spend most of their time catering to the needs of children, while nurses, pharmacists and dentists in their own areas. Medical Educators, however, spend their time catering to the educational needs of all health care professionals, whatever their specialization. A recent area of concern in the medical education curricula has been the inclusion of the topic

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "S. Kangethe, A. Karani, J. Njagi, E Kamaara, C, Syallow, J.M. Ole Kiu, Mengich, Gladys. ROLES OF MEDICAL EDUCATORS IN THE ADVANCEMENT OF HEALTH PROFESSIONS .". In: KNJ Dec. 2011; vol.41:2. Impress Communications; Submitted. Abstract

Health care professionals are absorbed daily in the practices of their professional areas of specialization. Pediatricians, for example spend most of their time catering to the needs of children, while nurses, pharmacists and dentists in their own areas. Medical Educators, however, spend their time catering to the educational needs of all health care professionals, whatever their specialization. A recent area of concern in the medical education curricula has been the inclusion of the topic

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Utrasound findings; Their Importance and their Nursing and Medical Education Implication- The Case of Ectopic Pregnancies.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, 38 (1) 55-59. Dr. Onditi Elias G.D, Prof. Anna K. Karani & Prof. Simon Kangethe; Submitted. Abstract

Background: Utrasound  technology continues advancing in techniques and diagnosis. It remains a field of specialists where nurses and other health workers are uneducated on it. Objectives: Determine pattern of ultrasound findings in ectopic pregnancy, involvement of nursing staff, determine medical education implications.Design: Retrospective, prospective and on-going study over 8 year period. Focus group discussions with nursing and medical education analysts. Setting: Memorial Hospital Eldoret, Kenya.Participants - 81 patients with ectopic pregnancy diagnosed by ultrasound.Results: Age range 19-39 years - 34.6% Unruptured ectopic pregnancy - 44.5%, Ruptured 43.2%, chronic leaking 2.3%.Conclusion: Ultrasound aids diagnosis and can grade type of pregnancy. Need to demystify science to nurses, clinical officers and other health workers.Recommendation: Medical education to include ultrasound to existing curriculaspecifying roles by health workers. Use participatory teaching methods for ultrasound technology. 

2017
Gitonga P, Karani A, Kimani S. "Explore Best Practices in Family Nursing in Kenya: Empathy as a Value in Caring." http://www.opastonline.com/journal-of-nursing-healthcare/. 2017;2(2):1/4.
2016
Gervasioh GP, Kagure KA, Samuel K. "“ Physiological Basis of Empathy and Emotionality in Nursing Practice”. ." International Journal for Innovation Education and Research -Research www.ijier.net . 2016;5(7 ):2016.
2015
Muchira J, Stuart-Shor E, Kariuki J, Mukuna A, Ndigirigi I, Gakage L, Mutuma V, Karani A. "Distribution and Characteristics of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular-Metabolic Disease in a Rural Kenyan Community." International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences. Available online 21 September 2015.. 2015;21(8/2015).
Kyalo M, Karani A, Kigondu C. "Research Utilization among Nurses at a Teaching Hospital in Kenya” Journal of Caring Sciences,." doi:10.15171/jcs.2015.010 http:// journals.tbzmed.ac.ir/ JCS. 2015;4(2):95-104.
2014
Kipturgo M, Bitok LKW, Karani AK, Muiva M. "Attitudes of Nursing staff towards Computerization: A Case of two hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya. BMC Medical Informatics & Decision Making." htt//www.biomedcentral.com/. 2014;14(72):14/35.
Gervasioh PG, Gatere R, Karani A. "Professional Ethics Among Nurse Educators in Diploma Nursing Training Colleges, Meru County." University of Nairobi. International Journal of Health Professions (IJHP) . 2014;2 (1):49-52.
9. Lucy W. Macharia, Anna Karani EO. "Quality Structures and Processes in the prevention on Secondary Traumtic Brain Injury at Accident Emergency and Critical Care Unit in Kenyatta National Hospital." International Journal of Health Professions (IJHP). 2014;1 (1) (38):38-44.
Priscilla N, Karani A, Waithera M. "Reciprocal Relationship between Cancer Pain and Performance of Activities of Living." International Journal of Health Professions (IJHP) . 2014;2(1):53-57.
2013
Karani A, Kigondu C, Karani A. "Research Activities in teaching and referral Hospital in a Developing Country, Kenya." International Journal of Health Professions (IJHP). 2013;1(1):21-24.
2012
J.;Ganga-Limando CKMSMM; K. "Descriptive Characteristics of Psychoactive Substance Dependent Patients in Nairobi,Kenya." Kenya Nursing Journal. 2012;42 (1)(June, 2012):1-4.
A. KSPE;KAK;LMV;BPM;. "Grappling With HIV Transmission Risks: Narratives of Rural Women in Eastern Kenya Living with HIV ." Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. 2012;23 (5)(Sept/Oct. 2012):442-453.
Stuart-Shor EM, Kariuki JK, Chateauneuf J, Kimani S, Karani AK. "PCNA Annual Symposium Abstracts.". 2012. Abstract

Global risk assessment has become an important part of comprehensive CV evaluation and guides treatment. Most global risk tools require laboratory measurement of lipids, a test not readily available in resource-constrained countries. The Gaziano Risk Score (GRS) is a non-lab based model which includes age, gender, diabetes, smoking, systolic BP and substitutes BMI for cholesterol. In comparative effectiveness analysis the GRS has similar predictive value compared to the Framingham score. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to add risk stratification using clinical estimations of the number of CV risk factors (CVRF) and the GRS to our community-based CV screenings.

A. NMKE; A;. "Performance of Bachelor of Science in Nursing Graduates in Nursing Practice in Kenya." Kenya Nursing Journal. 2012;41 (1)(December, 2012):9-15.
S K, A K, J N, E K, C S, J.M OK, Mengich G. "Roles Of Medical Educators In The Advancement Of Health Professions.". 2012. Abstract

Health care professionals are absorbed daily in the practices of their professional areas of specialization. Pediatricians, for example spend most of their time catering to the needs of children, while nurses, pharmacists and dentists in their own areas. Medical Educators, however, spend their time catering to the educational needs of all health care professionals, whatever their specialization. A recent area of concern in the medical education curricula has been the inclusion of the topic

2011
De Vuyst H, Parisi MR, Karani A, Mandaliya K, Muchiri L, Vaccarella S, Temmerman M, Franceschi S, Lillo F. "The prevalence of human papillomavirus infection in Mombasa, Kenya.". 2011. Abstract

A human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence survey was done in Mombasa, Kenya, to improve the knowledge of HPV prevalence and genotype distribution in sub-Saharan African countries overall, and in women of different ages. METHODS: HPV prevalence was assessed using PCR in women older than 15 years attending family planning and mother-child care services. RESULTS: Among 496 women, HPV prevalence was high (42.3%; 95% CI: 37.9-46.8; world age-standardized). Moreover, 46% of HPV-positive women harbored multiple-type infections. The most common types were HPV58 (10.5% of women), HPV16 (7.7%), HPV53 (6.7%), HPV18 (4.6%), and HPV6 (4.4%), and the prevalence of any high-risk HPV type was 28.8%. HPV prevalence was elevated among all age-groups (range 36.4-45.7%). Independent associations with HPV positivity were found for being in a polygamous marriage (OR = 1.7) and lifetime number of sexual partners (OR for ≥ 3 vs. 1 = 1.5), although they were of only borderline statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: These findings differ from other world regions, showing a high HPV burden in all age-groups with a high proportion of multiple-type infections. Our data strengthen the urgency of HPV vaccination in Kenya but also highlight the elevated number of women who would have positive results in an HPV-based screening program in the country.

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE, KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Dr. Margaret N. Meme others, Prof. Anna Karani, et al Book .". In: Ministry of Public Heath and Sanitation and Ministry of Medical Services. Ministry of Public Health & Sanitation and Ministry of Medical Services; 2011. Abstract

The purpose of the  sexuality curriculum is to improve service provider

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Prof. Anna K. Karani - University of Nairobi-Nursing Mr. Stephen Kainga - University of Nairobi-Nursing Mrs Diana Mwarania .". In: 1st International Conference University of Nairobi . Conference; 2011. Abstract

The purpose was  to determine their perceptions about the  nursing profession and implications to students in order to recommend how to  improve their attitude through continuing education and review of BScN curriculum. Methodology, the study  design was descriptive cross sectional  with both  qualitative and descriptive components. The study tool was a  supervised self administered questionnaire and focus group discussions. Results indicated that the graduates gained competence as they gained experience after internship. The t-test supported the alternative hypothesis that BScNs had competent skills  after internship on IT, Report writing, Team work but need to improve  competencies on assessing levels of unconsciousness, mental status of patients, communicating sensitive messages such as death of  relatives and handling medical-legal issues of HIV/AIDS. Conclusion was that BScN nurses at KNH perceive their role as clinical practitioners positively with potential  to improve as they gain experience on clinical skills after adequate exposure during internship. Recommendation was to evaluate BScN programs for achievements and improvement needed for quality BScN graduate nurses.   

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Prof. Anna K. Karani : Task Analysis of nurses roles in Africa Health Services.". In: Conference/Workshop at Bellagio Italy . Conference; 2011. Abstract

The purpose of the  conference was to develop a description or model of nursing which reflects the reality of Sub-Saharan African (SS Africa) health and health service as a basis for nursing education and nursing service management. The specific objective was :  1.  To describe the actual current roles and tasks of nurses in SS African health services.  2.  To describe the role expectations other health professionals, the community and health          administrators have for nurses in SS Africa. 3.To analyze the health-, illness- and care needs of the SS African population in the light of the skills mix in the health team, with special reference to nurses.4.To compare and contrast the actual and perceived tasks and roles of the nurse in SS Africa.5.To provide a description or model for nursing in SS Africa that is needs, expectations and reality-based.Design: This is a multiple-case design (Yin, 2009), in which each country is a case and the description is based on a mail survey, observation in selected health care services, focus group interviews and a literature study.Many issues were discussed noting that the health human resource challenges of Africa are enormous. The shortage of nurses is acute in many countries, and there seems to be little hope of a quick change in this situation. It is therefore essential that this scarce resource is not only appropriately trained, but also creatively deployed. The first step in achieving these objectives would be to understand exactly what the job demands are. We believe that this study speaks to all three these strategies and could make an important contribution to developing evidence-based nursing and midwifery curricula in this region. While the study is aimed at a continental answer with the cross case analysis of data, the data from each country will also be made available locally in order to allow countries to take appropriate action.It was not possible to complete the discussion on the objectives of collected data but analysis was to be continued and some papers to be written from the data analysed e.g cross countries  analysis.

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE, KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE, KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE, KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE, KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Where will this illness take me? Reactions to HIV Diagnosis From Women Living with HIV in Kenya. Authors : Peninnah M. Kako; Patricia E. Stevens, (University of Wisconsin .". In: Health Care For Women International. Health Care For Women International; 2011. Abstract

The purpose of the study was to develop an in-depth  understanding of reactions of 40 urban and rural HIV-infected Kenyan women to HIV diagnosis. We employed narrative inquiry principles to guide this qualitative cross-sectional study. We conducted individual in-depth interviews using open- ended questions in April and May 2006. In this article we focus on women

2009
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "101 Global Leadershjp Lessons For Nurses (Chapter 92"Synergy and Win-Win: The Goals of Effective Leadership") By Prof. Anna K. Karani and Patrick K. Wairiri.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal 1st.July 2010. Sgma Theta Tau International : Honor Society For Nursing; 2009. Abstract

The Goals of the book are to:1,  Illustrate the process and rewards of mentoring for the organization, mentee,      and mentor.2.  Offer salient , tangible, subject-based lessons for new and experienced       leaders alike.3.  demonstrate that mentee-mentor competences are more readily gained      through personal example, channeled practice, or experience than      through pure education and training.At the end of every chapter there are reflective questions.

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "101 Global Leadershjp Lessons For Nurses (Chapter 92- Synegy and Win-Win: The goals of Effective Leadership) By Prof. Anna K. Karani and Patrick Kimani Wairiri.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal 1st.July 2010. Sigma Theta Tau International : Honor Society of Nursing; 2009. Abstract

  The goals of the book are to:1. Illustrate the process and rewards of mentoring for the organization, mentee,and     mentor.2. Offer salient,tangible,subject-based lessons for new and experienced leaders    alike.3. Demonstrate that mentee-mentor competencies are more readily gained through     personal example, channeled practice, or experience than through pure     education and training. At the end of each chapter, there are reflective question. 

2008
Kagure KA. "Challenges in Accessing HIV-related Healthcare in Resource Limited Communities: Lessons from HIV-infected Women in Kenya.". 2008. AbstractWebsite

Background: Increasing access to HIV-related health care is very important in access resource limited countries. In Kenya HIV prevalence increased in 2008 to 7.8 from 6.7 in 2003. Women are mostly affected with infection rates 2-3 times more than men. Challenges women face attempting to access HIV care is urgent.Purpose: Study sought to identify health needs of HIV infected women in Kenya grapple with.Method: Forty Urban (Nairobi) and rural (Eastern Province) infected women participated in the study. A cross sectional qualitative narrative study elicited life stories of health needs. Unstructured in-depth interviews,tape recorded, transcribed and translated to English. Data analysis used N-vivo qualitative analysis soft ware. Multistage narrative analysis was used to explore emergent themes.Findings: Women of mean age 37 years and 3 years since diagnosis described prolonged illnesses suffered by spouses, themselves and children burdened by inadequate HIV care.Conclusion: Early diagnosis and treatment Interventions are necessary for well being and long life.

Naruse K, Tashiro J, Sakyo Y, Ichikawa W, Karani AK. "Stakeholders' perception of the desired Master's program for Kenya in community health nursing: areas of competency.". 2008. Abstract

After the World Health Assembly approved the WHA 45.5 in 1992, which addressed the nursing shortage by refocusing nurses and midwives to meet community health needs, community demands for educated nurses and the needs of higher nursing education in developing countries increased. However, in developing countries that suffering from multiple resource deficiencies, such as Kenya, the strategic direction of higher education in nursing was unclear. Therefore, in Kenya, a major university school of nursing initiated a collaborative study with a well-established Japanese nursing college to determine the service-providers' perspective about upgrading the Master's community nursing curriculum. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe the Kenyan stakeholders' perspective and the expected roles and abilities of Master's graduates in community nursing. METHODS: This qualitative, cross-sectional study used convenience sampling to obtain 21 participants. The content analysis of the data was based on 19 semistructured interviews. RESULTS: Sixteen categories and 42 subcategories were derived from the five key questions that related to the expectations of the Master's program. The Master's graduates were expected to acquire knowledge and skills relating to administration, management, epidemiology, research, and education. The participants recognized that epidemiology, important for preventive care, was minimal among the current community health nurses. Also, Master's graduates must be prepared to manage health programs. CONCLUSION: The stakeholders expected that Master's graduates would become leaders in community health nursing, with a broad range of knowledge and skills, most notably in the areas of management and administration, epidemiology, and research. Those abilities should be reflected in the curriculum content.

Wagoro MC, Othieno CJ, Musandu J, Karani A. "Structure and process factors that influence patients' perception of inpatient psychiatric nursing care at Mathari Hospital, Nairobi.". 2008. Abstractstructure_and_process_factors_that_influence_patients_perception_of_inpatient_psychiatric_nursing_care_at_mathari_hospital__nairobi.pdf

To explore structure and process factors which influence patients' perception of quality inpatient psychiatric nursing care at Mathari hospital. This was a cross-sectional study of 236 inpatients selected by stratified random sampling. Competence to give consent was determined by a minimum score of 24 on Mini Mental State Examination. Patients were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Differences in proportions of variables were determined by calculating confidence interval and summary chi-squared statistics. P-values of < or =0.05 were considered significant. Majority of patients (87%) were aged 20-49 years with 43% having stayed in the ward for over a month. Structure factors related to patients' perception of care included physical environment, being happy with the way the ward looked was significantly related to satisfaction with care (chi(2) = 5.506, P = 0002). Process factors significantly related to patients' satisfaction with care included nurses providing patients with information on prescribed medicines (chi(2) = 10.50, P = 00012). Satisfaction with care was positively related to ability to recommend someone for admission in the same ward (chi(2) = 20.2, P = 00001). Structure and process factors identified as influencing patients' perception of care were physical environment and nurses' qualities that fit within the characteristics of Peplau's Interpersonal Relations Theory.

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "2. Strengthening Masters of community Health Nursing in Kenya.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal KNJ 37(2) 58-64. Decemer, 2008. Prof. Karani Anna, Kazuko Nasire,Prof. Junko Tashiro,Waithaka Peter, Yumi Sakyo,Wakako Ichikawa; 2008. Abstract

Development / Strengthening Masters on Community Health Nursing Curriculum in Kenya. In the East African region no nurse had done a master programme in Community Health Nursing. Therefore, a needs assessment was done followed by a study on developing / strengthening community health nursing in Kenya as a model for the region. This was done in collaboration with a nursing institution in Kenya and another in Japan.Aim was to develop/strengthen Masters in Community Health Nursing programme in Kenya and the region.The study was conducted between 2005 and 2006 in Kenya. Two provinces were selected due to proximity and accessibility. The national hospital, one provincial hospital, five district hospitals and five health centres were randomly selected as study areas. The 22 subjects (Registered Community Health Nurses) purposely selected were lecturers, administrators and service providers. The tool used was recorded interview, checklist and focus group discussions at the subjects working area followed by transcription of interview. Five data collectors were trained for 2 days and tools pre-tested. The study revealed that majority of the subjects (50%) wanted lifelong learning at the place of work with progress onto masters to PhD by distance learning. Masters graduates should be responsible for teaching, administration and policy. A core curriculum, distance learning, learning manuals, clear job descriptions and exchange programme were declared most important.Conclusion: Core curriculum developed for implementation, clear job descriptions recommended, distance learning to be started using modules and support for exchange program needed.

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Agnes Wangechi Karuga, Alice Gathogo , Teresia Mbua, Nancy Ndungu, Prof. Ann Karani Retrospective study on overcrowding in Thika and Kiambu District Hospitals Medical Wards 2006 - 2007 . Kenya Nursing Journal Dec. 2008. vol. 33 No.2.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal Dec. 2008. vol. 33 No.2. Sgma Theta Tau International : Honor Society For Nursing; 2008. Abstract

The study was conducted at Thika and Kiambu District Hospitals Medical wards covering September 2005

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Prof. Anna K. Karani , Prof. Simon Kangethe NURSING LEADERSHIP FOR CHANGE - LEADERS ATTITUDE. Kenya Nursing Journal Dec. 2008. vol. 33 No.2.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal Dec. 2008. vol. 33 No.2. Sgma Theta Tau International : Honor Society For Nursing; 2008. Abstract

Leadership is a key factor in effective management. A leader is a problem solver, a servant leader who provides for his followers. He influences others, sets a good pace for others and fights a good fight. A leader succeeds for keeping right images in heart. A good leader always has vision. The attitude of the leader determines the altitude, that is how far up one can go or fly. The attitude of the leader sets the standard for the altitude and determines the perspective. The leader looks for opportunities. Nurse leaders need heroes in life, who would bring greatness in the life of the profession. A qualified nurse has reached age of wisdom and should not be limited in their thinking. Plant a seed of hope, courage and inspire others. Learn to take advantage of God given opportunities. Don

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE, MUCHINA MRWAITHAKAPETER, THUU MRKIMANISAMUEL. "Strengthening Masters of Community Health Nursing in Kenya By Prof.. Anna Karani, Ms Kazuko Nasire, Prof. Junko Tashiro, Kimani, Waithaka, et al. Kenya Nursing Journal Dec. 2008. vol. 33 No.2.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal Dec. 2008. vol. 33 No.2. Sgma Theta Tau International : Honor Society For Nursing; 2008. Abstract

Introduction: In the East African region no nurse had done a master programme in Community Health Nursing. Therefore, a needs assessment was done followed by a study on developing / strengthening community health nursing in Kenya as a model for the region. This was done with Collaboration of University of Nairobi-Kenya and WHO St

2007
Emma M, Anna K, L.P O, M.F O, Simon K. "The Role Of Hormonal Contraceptives In Hiv Infection Among Antenatal Mothers In Machakos District Hospital.". 2007. Abstract

This study was done at Machakos District Hospital in the Eastern province of Kenya between May and August 2007.Aim was to find out the role of hormonal contraceptives in HIV infection among antennal mothers. Analytical cross- sectional study design was used. Methodology. The sample size consisted of 144 antenatal mothers visiting the MCH clinic for PMTCT services among other services. The simple random sampling technique included every 8th antenatal mother visiting the PMTCT clinic who had no history of consisted condom use. All antenatal mothers who had not used condoms consistently both contraceptive and non-contraceptive users who fell in the sampling frame acted as study subjects. This was on condition that they consented to participate in the study.

Kagure KA. "Utrasound findings; Their Importance and their Nursing and Medical Education Implication- The Case of Ectopic Pregnancies.". 2007. Abstract

Ultrasound technology continues advancing in techniques and diagnosis. It remains a field of specialists where nurses and other health workers are uneducated on it. Objectives: Determine pattern of ultrasound findings in ectopic pregnancy, involvement of nursing staff, determine medical education implications.Design: Retrospective, prospective and on-going study over 8 year period. Focus group discussions with nursing and medical education analysts. Setting: Memorial Hospital Eldoret, Kenya.Participants - 81 patients with ectopic pregnancy diagnosed by ultrasound.Results: Age range 19-39 years - 34.6% Unruptured ectopic pregnancy - 44.5%, Ruptured 43.2%, chronic leaking 2.3%. Conclusion: Ultrasound aids diagnosis and can grade type of pregnancy. Need to demystify science to nurses, clinical officers and other health workers.Recommendation: Medical education to include ultrasound to existing curriculaspecifying roles by health workers. Use participatory teaching methods for ultrasound technology.

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Effect of Post Basic Psychiatric Nursing Training on Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills of Nurses in the Management of Substance Dependent Patients at Mathari Hospital, Nairobi- Nov.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal KNJ 36:.(2):21-26:2007. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2007. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

2006
Rotich E, Karani A, Omuga B, Odawa O, Oyieke J. "Socio-economic and cultural factors influencing women's reproductive health decision making among mothers delivered in Pumwani Maternity And Kenyatta National Hospital.". 2006. Abstract

The study was conducted from 30th May 2006 - July 3rd 2006 at Kenyatta and Pumwani hospitals in Kenya. The aim was to determine the socio-economic and cultural factors that influence women's reproductive health decision making. It was cross-sectional and descriptive study on a sample size of 384 subjects. A semi structured questionnaire and focus group discussion on 3 groups of eight mothers each was used. The study revealed that age, marital status, level of education and employment status influences women's reproductive health decision making. The main cultural factors found to influence women's reproductive health decision making were; FGM, wife inheritance, sex of baby (preference for boys) and dowry. The conclusions arrived at was that majority of women are participating in their own reproductive health decision making though many need to be given education on different areas of reproductive health to encourage informed decision making. It was recommended that education opportunities for women on reproductive health issues be given more emphasis.

2005
N DROMBEGAJAMES, KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kangethe S., Muraah W.M., Ombega J., Karani A., How to write A Winning Research Proposal, English Press Limited, Nairobi, 2005.". In: English Press Limited, Nairobi, 2005. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kangethe, S. and Karani, Anna Ethical Issues in Health Research in Developing Countries. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 33 No.1, June, 2005.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 33 No.1, June, 2005. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna Factors Influencing Quality of Nursing Education in Kenya. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 33 No.1. June, 2005.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 33 No.1. June, 2005. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna First Aid Awareness among Paediatric Accident Victims at Kenyatta National Hospital. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.32 No.1, June, 2004. Also Published on Line .". In: Kenya Nursing Journal. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Khalil Doris and Karani Anna, Are Nurses Victims or Perpetrators of Violence . Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 33 No. 2 December, 2005.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 33 No. 2 December, 2005. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kibaru S., Mardsen S., Godia P. , Karani A. et al National Guidelines for Provision of Adolescent Youth-Friendly Services (YFS) in Kenya. Ministry of Health, Division of Reproductive Health, Nairobi, Kenya. 2005.". In: Ministry of Health, Division of Reproductive Health. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kibaru S., Mardsen S., Godia P. , Karani A. et al. National Guidelines for Provision of Adolescent Youth-Friendly Services (YFS) in Kenya. Ministry of Health, Division of Reproductive Health,Nairobi, Kenya. 2005.". In: Ministry of Health, Division of Reproductive Health,Nairobi, Kenya. 2005. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kivuti Bitok Lucy and Karani Anna K. Trends of Research Interest Among BSc Nursing Undergraduate Students of University of Nairobi (1996-2003). Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 33 No. 1, June, 2005.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 33 No. 1, June, 2005. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kivuti Bitok Lucy and Karani Anna K. Trends Of Research Interests Among Bscn Undergraduate Students Of University Of Nairobi (1997-2003), Kenya Nursing Journal Vol 33 NO.1 June 2005.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal Vol 33 NO.1 June 2005. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2005. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

2004
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kangethe, Simon; Karani, Anna and Wambua, Kyalo Planning & Implementation of Innovative Medical Education. Amazing, No 019, December, 2004.". In: Amazing, No 019, December, 2004. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna Sustaining Nursing Leadership in the 21st Century and Beyond. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.32 No.1, June, 2004.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.32 No.1, June, 2004. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna. Sustaining Nursing Leadership in the 21st Century and Beyond. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.32 No.1, June, 2004.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.32 No.1. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna.First Aid Awareness among Paediatric Accident Victims at Kenyatta National Hospital. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.32 No.1, June, 2004.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.32 No.1, June, 2004. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kibui Lawrence; Karani, Anna, et al Needs Assessment on Training of Mental Health Nurses in Counselling at Mathari Hospital, Nairobi. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 32 No.2, December, 2004.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kibui Lawrence; Karani, Anna, et al.Needs Assessment on Training of Mental Health Nurses in Counselling at Mathari Hospital, Nairobi. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 32 No.2, December, 2004.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 32 No.2. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Kipturgo Matthew and Karani, Anna. One Level Nurse Movement in Kenya. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 32No.2. December, 2004.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 32No.2. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Maina, Philomena, Karani, Anna, et al Problems Encountered by Middle Level Nurse Managers in Ensuring Quality Nursing Care in Kenyatta National Hospital. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 32 No.2, December, 2004.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Maina, Philomena, Karani, Anna, et al.Problems Encountered by Middle Level Nurse Managers in Ensuring Quality Nursing Care in Kenyatta National Hospital. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 32 No.2, December, 2004.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 32 No.2. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2004. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

2003
Disaster Management : HighLights  . Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2003.
Nursing Trends in Kenya. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2003.
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna ; Edith, Ndungu & Grace Kandie Nursing Trends in Kenya. Option Publishers, Nairobi, 2003.". In: Option Publishers, Nairobi, 2003. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2003. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna and Miriam Wagoro Disaster Management : HighLights. Option Publishers, Nairobi, 2003.". In: Option Publishers, Nairobi, 2003. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2003. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna Attitude of Young People Towards Old People in Nairobi. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 31 No.1, December, 2003.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol. 31 No.1, December, 2003. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2003. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna Common Communicable and Tropical Diseases. Nurses Hand book. Media Congress Publishers, Nairobi, 1998, 2003.". In: Media Congress Publishers, Nairobi, 1998, 2003. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2003. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna Youth Health Action for Kenya. Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.31 No.1 December, 2003.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, Vol.31 No.1 December, 2003. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2003. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

2002
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Mange.". In: Nursing Council of Kenya. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2002. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

2001
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna et al Kenya Registered Community Health Basic Nursing Programme (Pre-Service) Student Training Manual, 2ndedition. Nursing Council of Kenya Publication, Nairobi. 2001.". In: Nursing Council of Kenya Publication. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2001. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna Nursing Education and Practice in Kenya. Kirin Information on Drugs and Science Journal. Excerpta Medica, Japan. Vol. 11, No. 1. 2001.". In: Kirin Information on Drugs and Science Journal. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2001. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna, & ECSACON members, HIV/AIDS,A Guide for Nurses / Midwives and other health care workers. Publisher, Commonwealth Regional Health Community Secretariat, Arusha, Tanzania. 2001.". In: CommonWealth Regional Health Community Secretariat. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2001. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna, and St. John Ambulance Members of Medical Committee. Lifesaver .". In: Africa St John Ambulace Kenya Publication. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2001. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna., et al, Performance Evaluation For Kenya Enrolled Community Health Nurses. Graduates of September, 1998. Nursing Council of Kenya, Nairobi.". In: Nursing Council of Kenya, Nairobi. 2001. . Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2001. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna., et al, Research Guidelines. Nursing Council of Kenya. Nursing Council of Kenya, Nairobi. 2001.". In: Nursing Council of Kenya, Nairobi. 2001. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 2001. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

1999
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna. , et al, Registered Theatre Nursing Clinical Log. Nursing Council of Kenya. Nairobi, May, 1999.". In: Nursing Council of Kenya. Nairobi, May, 1999. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 1999. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

1998
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna .". In: National Nurses Association of Kenya, Nursing Journal, August 1998 pp. 29 - 30. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 1998. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

1995
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Registered Theatre Nursing Clinical Log.". In: Kenya Nursing Journal,. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 1995. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

1990
KAGURE PROFKARANIANNE. "Karani, Anna, et al. .". In: Kenya Nursing Journal, June 1990. Vol. 18. No. 1 pp 28-30. Mutunga Catherine and Karani Anna; 1990. Abstract

{ Abuse of substances of dependence have risen dramatically and spawned major health problems in Kenya. We conducted a study on the effects of post-basic psychiatric training on nurses

200
Obondo A, Karani A, Wagoro MA. "Rehabilitation and community mental health.". 200. Abstract

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is an uncommon yet potentially life threatening condition which is often under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed because of the variability of the clinical signs and symptoms. The imaging findings are often subtle thus the need for a high index of suspicion. The superior sagittal and transverse sinuses are the most frequently involved. The correct diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis relies on neuroimaging studies. The two cases reported highlight the fact that the radiologist may be the first clinician to suspect and diagnose this condition. This ultimately affects prognosis as early diagnosis and treatment reduces morbidity and mortality.

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