Pharmacological properties of extracts from the stem bark of Syzygium, guineense on the ileum and heart of laboratory rodents

Citation:
Malele RS, Moshi MJ, Mwangi JW, Achola KJ, Munenge RW. "Pharmacological properties of extracts from the stem bark of Syzygium, guineense on the ileum and heart of laboratory rodents.". 1999.

Abstract:

A methanol extract of syzygium guineense bark inhibited intrinsic contractions of rabbit isolated ileum. The inhibition, at bath concentrations of 0.5 - 2.0 mglml, was dose-related but non-linear. It produced sustained hypotension in anaesthetized rats. A dose of 5 ~g lowered systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure by 16%, 22% and 17%, respectively below the preĀ¬drug levels. Maximum effect was obtained at a dose of 40 ~gwhen the systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressures fell by 23%,36% and 28%, respectively below the pre-drug levels. The greater fall in blood pressure was in diastolic than systolic blood pressure. The extract caused a weaker but similar effect to isoprenaline on rabbit isolated heart. While the effect on" rabbit isolated ileum supports tbe folkloric use of the plant as an antispasmodic, further work is required to confirm and categorize the observed pharmacological activities

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