Publications

Found 47250 results

Sort by: Author [ Title  (Asc)] Type Year
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
`
Samanta P. " ‘Prospects for Industialization for Kenya by 2020 - A Causal Analysis.". In: 8 - 12 Dec. Kampala, Uganda; 2002.
FN. K. " “A bird’s eye view of Factors influencing Product Distribution Systems in Kenya”, ." CONTACT, Journal of Consumer Association,. 1980:3-6.
F.N K. " “A Critical Review of Communication Theory”, ." Journal of African Management. 1982:2-8.
Kibera FN. " “An Input-Output Model for Analyzing Retailing Systems in Kenya." SOKONI Journal of Marketing Society of Kenya. 1987.
Siundu G, W B. " “Christianity in Early Kenyan Novels: Ngugi Wa Thiong’o’s Weep Not, Child and The River Between” ." Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa . 2010;Vol. 2 No. 1: :292-310.
FN. K. " “Communication and Modernization in Central Kenya: An Experiment,” ." Business Management Review, Faculty of Commerce and Management, University of Dares- Salaam, . 1999;2(2):71-84.
" “European football worlds and youth identifications in Kenya.” ." African Identities . 2011;Vol. 9 No. 3. (ISSN. 1472-5843. ):Pp. 337-348.
" “For Christopher and his Mother” a poem in Botsotso: ." Journal of Contemporary South African Culture Number 13. . . 2004;(ISSN 156 276 32):P. 215.
and KLW, Kibera F. " “Guidelines for Writing Academic Research Projects”. ." Fountain. Journal of Faculty of Education. 2011:117-129.
Kibera FN. " “How Rural Buyers View Different Sources of Agricultural Information”." Management, Journal of Kenya Institute of Management. 1982.
Kibera FN. " “On Measuring Literacy”." Management Journal of the Kenya Institute of Management. 1984:13-14.
"Ng'ethe N", "Michuki G", "Wanjiru R". “Police Reforms in Kenya: Perceptions and Expectations from Key Stakehoders”. Nairobi: Institute of Policy Analysis and Research; 2013.
FN. K. " “Rural Buyers’ Exposure to mass media”, ." Management, Journal of Kenya Institute of Management. 1982.
Kibera FN. " “The Effect of Message Content and Source Credibility of Information Gain by Coffee Smallholders in Central Kenya." , Journal of Management Business and Economics, Institute of Business Administration, University of Dakar, Dhaka, . 1985;11(3).
author Jesse N.K. Mugambi. " “The Future of Theological Education in Africa and the Challenges it Faces”.". In: Handbook of Theological Education in Africa. Oxford: Regnum; 2013.
J.N. M. " “The Language of Politics: A CDA of the 2013 Kenyan Presidential Campaign Discourse”." n International Journal of Education and Research (IJER), . 2014;Vol. 2 No1,:1-18.
author Jesse N.K. Mugambi. " “Theologies of Reconstruction” .". In: African Theology on the Way. London: SPCK; 2010.
SWALEH AMIRI, Walibora K, P. I. “Utamu wa Msamaha” in Sina Zaidi na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: arget Publications, ISBN 978 – 9966 – 002 – 77 - 8. Pp. 20 - 33; 2011.
"
N PROFNZOMODAUDI. """Accounting Standards and the Kenya Institute o Certified Public Accountants." by J.D.Newton and N.D. Nzomo. This paper reviews briefly the status and development of Accounting Standards in several major countries of the world as background for standard .". In: The Accountant, Journal of the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Kenya, (pages 16-19. RIVERBRROKS COMMUNICATIONS; Submitted. Abstract
No abstract available
AKATCH PROFSAMUELO. """The State of the Art of Participatory Local Development"", in Sub National Planing in Kenya, S.O.Akatch, eds., 1998.". In: Federation Proceedings, 31 1470. Journal of Natural Products; 1998.
&
AMOLO PROFACHOLAMILCAH. "“Colonial Policy and Urban Health in Nairobi” in Azania, Journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa Vol XXXVI – XXXVII – 2001 – 2002 by Andrew Burton (ed) British Institute in Eastern Africa, Nairobi.".; 2002. Abstract

Colonial policy makers argued that they were  bringing civilization and better standards of living to Africans.  One perceived problem they had to contend with  was the “ignorance” of their subject peoples.  In health delivery, in particular, colonial administrators believed that ignorance accounted for the poor levels of health among Africans, and that knowledge and that knowledge and other preventive measures would greatly enhance standards of living, for instance, among urban Africans. In this paper we test this philosophy against colonial urban health policy’s and show that racism in the delivery of services  greatly undermined African and Asian health in order to afford  high quality services for Europeans in Nairobi.

AMOLO PROFACHOLAMILCAH. "“Public Health Policy in an Urban Setting: The Case of Maternal and Child Welfare in the First Ten Years of Moi’s Rule”, Proceedings of African Health and Illness Conference at University of Texas in Austin, USA.".; 2005. Abstract

Colonial Health Policies were characterized by strict racial segregation .  This described  residence, services and consequently the levels of health and the causes of death among the different races.  On the eve of independence , health services were  amalgamated  and the first post colonial government declared its intention of ensuing equality of services  for all and therefore greatly improved health and well being for those who had suffered discrimination before, namely Africans and poor Asians. This paper explores the policies and challenges of health delivery in the first fifteen years of post colonial rule, in   Nairobi, Kenya.  It bases its arguments from  data drawn  from and examination of maternal and child welfare policies and their implementations.  The central  argument is that intentions were laudable.  But  by the end of  Kenyatta’s regime the challenges  faced by the government were beginning to impact negatively on maternal and child welfare programmes in Nairobi.

'
Carles, A.B.;, Gachuiri CK;, Schwartz HJ. "''A Comparison Of Goat Mortality In Two Pastoral Herds In Northern Kenya''."; 1988.
M.Mbuthia DE, Editor DIM. "''Aliyemtapeli mzalendo'',Short Story in an anthology.". In: Kunani Marekani. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers; 2007.
M.Mbuthia DE, Editor LS. "''Anga kavu''.". In: Mwaviaji wa Roho. Nairobi: Focus Publishers; 2007.
K.W. E-PW. "''Jiji Juani'' in Tamthilia ya maisha a poetry anthology." Nairobi: Vide Muwa Publishers; 2005.
Muhanda HB. ''Nafasi ya dini katika ndoa: tathmini ya Utengano na Paradiso'' U. Mbuthia DE, Musyoka DF, eds. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2011.
(
PROF. ADUDA BERNARD O. "(13) Aduda B.O. and F.W. Nyongesa, () .". In: Ceramic Transactions, 99(5) 206 . Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; 2000. Abstract
n/a
A. MRMUNGAGILBERT. "(1982).Rational Design of Internally Sealed Concrete. MSc. Thesis , University of Strathclyde (UK).". In: Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. Survey Review; 1982. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
KINYUA PROFMWEASIXTUS. "(1992). Syllabus and regulations for diploma in Civil Engineering, Technical Education Programme Kenya Institute of Education, Nairobi.". In: Discovery and Innovation Vol.8 Number 2 PP 11-131, African Academy of Sciences, Nairobi. Longhorn; 1992. Abstract
 Journal of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Vol.7 PP
A. MRMUNGAGILBERT. "(1995). Construction practices on expansive soils in Kenya. Proceedings of Symposium on Unsaturated Soil Behaviour and Applications. 22-23 August 1995, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Pp 146-151.". In: Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. Survey Review; 1995. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
KINYUA PROFMWEASIXTUS. "(1996). Suitability of the Kipwen River dam basin soils with respect to earth dam construction. Discovery and Innovation Vol.8 Number 2 PP 11-131, African Academy of Sciences, Nairobi.". In: Discovery and Innovation Vol.8 Number 2 PP 11-131, African Academy of Sciences, Nairobi. Longhorn; 1996. Abstract
 Journal of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Vol.7 PP
MAKAU DRNZUMAJONATHAN. "(2001), "Adoption of Improved Maize Production Technologies among Smallholder Farmers in the Semi-arid Zones of Kenya; The Case of Improved Seeds and Inorganic Fertilizers in Machakos District". M.SC Thesis, University of Nairobi.". In: Paper presented at the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) Workshop, Kampala, Uganda July16 - 22. University of Nairobi Press; 2001. Abstractabstract2.pdf

In most smallholder cropping systems in Africa, crop improvement and resource management are essential for increasing crop productivity. These issues are more acute in the semi-arid areas where farmers practice subsistence farming with little use of improved technologies that translate to sub-optimal yields and hence food insecurity. Consequently, factors determining technology utilization in these areas should be identified to guide policy interventions. This study analyzed the factors influencing the intensity of adoption of improved maize seeds and inorganic fertilizers in the dry mid altitude zones of Kenya. Multi-stage sampling was used to select 121 farmers from Machakos district who were interviewed using pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics were analysed and a Simultaneous Equation Tobit Model estimated. McFadden's R-Squares for the models were 0.075 and 0.133 for seed and fertilizer adoption, respectively. These levels of explanatory power and study findings were consistent with other cross-section studies using censored data to explain technology adoption. The rates of adoption of improved maize seeds and inorganic fertilizers were 65 and 36 percent respectively. Men outnumbered women and were better adopters of improved technologies. Major adoption limitations included recycling of seeds and high input costs. Tobit regression results indicated that age, formal education, fertilizer amounts, off-farm income and early maturity perceptions significantly influenced the intensity of adoption of improved maize seeds. Formal education, experience, hired labour, fertilized area, farm size and attendance to field days significantly influenced the intensity of adoption of inorganic fertilizers. A major conclusion drawn from the study was that the use of improved maize seeds and inorganic fertilizers was low and declining as indicated by the level of use of these inputs. The recommended seed rate for this area was 25 kg of seed per hectare while recommended fertilizer rates were 50 kgN/ha. However, farmers on average applied 8.6 kgl-l/ha.while adopting a seed rate of 10 kg of seed per hectare. Adopters of both technologies achieved 34 percent while nonadopters achieved only 15 percen.t of the returns possible from the maize enterprise in this area (as a ratio of farmers returns to optimal research returns). These low and declining levels of use and unpredictable weather conditions have translated to sub-optimal yields, persistent food insecurity and rising poverty levels. Appropriate policy interventions that can increase the use of these inputs can greatly improve the food security situation in the area. The study underscored the importance of extension, credit and distance to the market in influencing adoption. The results confirm the importance of producer education and arguably, educating farmers is likely to increase the use of these technologies. Therefore, there is need for the government and other development agencies to invest more in village schools and other educational efforts such as adult education. The government should ensure that all individuals acquire some basic level of education by making primary level of education compulsory.

A. MRMUNGAGILBERT. "(2001). Concrete Practices in Kenya (2001). Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Symposium.". In: Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. Survey Review; 2001. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
Kirori GN, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Kiriti-Nganga TW. "(2011). Rural Livelihoods in Kenya: The Role of Social Capital." Journal of International Business & Finance. 2011;3(1):1-27.
KINYUA PROFMWEASIXTUS. "(992) Final Design report on the Kipwen River Dam Ministry of Water Development, Nairobi.". In: Discovery and Innovation Vol.8 Number 2 PP 11-131, African Academy of Sciences, Nairobi. Longhorn; 1992. Abstract
 Journal of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Vol.7 PP
V. DRMITULLAHWINNIE. "(Co-author Jeremiah Owiti) .". In: Globalisation and Citizenship, Special issue of Africa Development Vol.(XXVIII) No. 1&2. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2003. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
V. DRMITULLAHWINNIE. "(co-author Michael Cowen) .". In: The Politics of Transition in Kenya: From Kanu to Narc. Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2002. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
K. DRKANYINGAHENRY. "(co-author Michael Cowen) .". In: Citizenship and Rights: The Failures of Post-colonial State,Globalisation and Citizenship, Special issue of Africa Development Vol.(XXVIII) No. 1&2. Korean Society of Crop Science and Springer; 2002.
Kasina, M.J., Waturu C;, Nderitu J;, and Nyamasyo G, Olubayo F. "(Companion cropping as an Integrated Pest Management(IPM) component for management of thrips in French beans(Phaseolus vulgaris L.).". In: KARI Scientific Conference, Nairobi,. Nairobi; 2002.
K PROFGACHENECHARLESK. "(eds/contributor). Soil fertility and land productivity. A guide for extension workers in the eastern Africa region. RELMA Technical Handbook Series 30. Nairobi, Kenya RELMA/Sida, ISBN 9966-896-66-X, 146 + xiv pp.". In: Biological Agricultural & Horticultural Journal, Vol 19(1), 49-62. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 2004. Abstract
A model for the establishment of a four-dimensional regional geodetic reference datum is presented. Starting from the three-dimensional integrated geodetic network model, formulations for the establishment of a four-dimensional regional datum are developed. Astronomic latitudes, astronomic longitudes, gravity values, gravity potential differences, gravity differences, and GPS-vectors are considered as observables. The estimated parameters defining the datura are point coordinates, deflections of the vertical and geoidai undulations, and velocities and accelerations on the positional coordinates. The network datum is considered observed over several epochs with parameters estimated from previous epochs being introduced into later epochs as stochastic prior information parameters.
and(ii) Keiyoro P.N. GKCMHJ. "(iii) Relationship between school environment and use of ICT teaching science curriculum in NEPAD schools." In the book of abstracts elearning conference 2011.Elearning Africa publications.. 2011.
and(ii) Keiyoro P.N. GKCMHJ. "(iii) Relationship between school environment and use of ICT teaching science curriculum in NEPAD schools." In the book of abstracts elearning conference 2011.Elearning Africa publications.. 2011.
and Keiyoro P.N. GKCMHJ. "(iv) Use of Mobile Telephone in reporting notifiable diseases in Kenya,:The case of Nairobi metropolitan. Co authoredKeiyoro,Kinuthia and Ngunjiri ." Elearning Africa Book of abstracts 2012. Elearning Africa publications.. 2012.
KINYUA PROFMWEASIXTUS. "(July 1991). A review of lectures conducted by Prof. Shamsher Prakash in the Department of Civil Engineering, Kenya Engineer, Nairobi.". In: Accepted for presentation in the 8th Conference on asphalt pavements for Southern Africa Sun City South Africa, 12th to 16th September 2004. Longhorn; 2004. Abstract
Kenya experienced extraordinarily heavy rainfall between May 1997 and February 1988 due to the El Nino weather phenomenon. This period of about 10 Months of heavy rainfall caused widespread landslides and floods in various parts of the country. An enormous number of landslides occurred in Central, Western and to the Coast Provinces. This triggered a nation-wide crusade to plant trees in an effort to counter future landslide phenomenon. However, little quantitative research has been conducted to assess the impact of plant roots on soil strength. As a result, planting of trees tend to be more empirical without consideration of the structural measures for reinforcing soil that combine the ecological benefits of vegetation. This paper describes the contribution of plant roots of various species to soil shear strength. Soil samples with roots of various plant species were tested in a large modified direct shear apparatus in a laboratory set-up. Shear stress results of rooted soils were compared with results of soil without roots of similar soil types. The contribution of roots to soil strength was estimated by comparing the difference between the maximum shear stress of the shear-displacement curves obtained for soils with and without roots for the different species tested. Results suggested that the rooted soils contributed more to soil strength than rootless soils. However there was varying degree of shear strength contribution for different root species suggesting that for each species, contribution of shear strength was governed by root density. The results suggested that a composite soil-root system consumes energy while resisting shear displacement. This feature could be included in stability analysis of vegetated hillslopes in terms of energy associated with shearing in a soil-root system.
V. DRMITULLAHWINNIE. "(Ng\.". In: The Politics of Transition in Kenya: From Kanu to Narc. Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1997. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
Yenesew A., and Duddeck OJAH. "(R)-Prechrysophanol from Aloe graminicola." Phytochemistry . 1993;34 :1442-1444. Abstractpaper_13_yenesew_et_al_phyto_1993.pdf

From the subterranean stem of Aloe graminicola, a new pre-anthraquinone named prechrysophanol was isolated. Chrysophanol, helminthosporin, (R)-aloesaponol I, (R)-aloesaponol II, aloesaponarin I, aloesaponarin II and laccaic acid D methyl ester were also identified.

KIMANI DRMURUNGARU. "(with B.O K'Oyugi)Re-estimation of the Natural Fertility (M) and the Fertility Control (m) Parameters in the Coale-Fertility Model.". In: (Under review Demographic Research Journal). James Murimi; 2005.
P. PROFSITUMAFRANCISD. "(With G.M. Wamukoya) Environmental Management in Kenya:A Guide to the Environmental Management and Co-ordination Act 19999Centre for Research and Education on Environmental Law,Nairobi.".; 2000. Abstract

New Directions in water legislation in Kenya?. A Paper presented as the National Workshop on environmental Governance in kenya, held at the UNEP Headquarters Gigiri, Nairobi, March 29-30. 2000

P. PROFSITUMAFRANCISD. "(With Joy Asiema)Indegenous peoples and Environment:The case of the Pastoral Masaai of Kenya, 5(1) Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and policy 149.". In: Law Journal,Issue No.4.; 1994. Abstract

New Directions in water legislation in Kenya?. A Paper presented as the National Workshop on environmental Governance in kenya, held at the UNEP Headquarters Gigiri, Nairobi, March 29-30. 2000

OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "(with Kivutha Kibwana and Smokin Wanjala) The Anatomy of Corruption in Kenya: Legal, Political and Socio-Economic Perspectives (Nairobi, Claripress), 32-92.". In: Victoria Walter and Debbie Betts (eds), Safeguarding Human Rights in Eastern Africa (FES, Kampala), 77. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1996. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
KITHURE DRKINDIKI. "(With Kivutha Kibwana) "Kenya" in Christof Heyns (ed) in Volume 2 Human Rights Law in Africa Kluwer: The Hague 1178-1202.". In: In Volume 14 Lesotho Law Journal pp. 51-75. Vaccine 26:2788- 2795; 2004. Abstract

We describe the technique of splenic aspiration in 113 patients presenting with splenomegaly. It was used initially to establish a diagnosis, and in those patients with kala azar, to follow the response of the parasites to therapy until 'parasitological cure'. In all 671 aspirations were performed. No complications occurred in the 69 patients with active kala azar, who collectively had more than 600 aspirations. One patient in a moribund condition had a fatal haemorrhage. The aspirate suggested a lymphoma, confirmed at autopsy. In 68 of the 69 patients with active kala azar, the diagnosis was established at the first aspiration. The essentials of the technique are the use of a small calibre needle (21 G), and speed, the needle being in the spleen for less than a second, with the consequent procurement of a few drops of material only.

OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "(with Kivutha Kibwana): Good Governance and Accountability in Kenya: The Next Step Forward (Nairobi, Claripress).". In: Victoria Walter and Debbie Betts (eds), Safeguarding Human Rights in Eastern Africa (FES, Kampala), 77. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1994. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "(with Lawrence Mute, Geoffrey Njeru, and Peter Wanyande) (Nairobi, Civic Education for Marginalised Communities (CEDMAC), Constitution and Reform Education Consortium (CRECO), Ecumenical Civic Education Programme (ECEP) and Gender Consortium (GC)).". In: Victoria Walter and Debbie Betts (eds), Safeguarding Human Rights in Eastern Africa (FES, Kampala), 77. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 2001. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
OKECH MROWITIMAURICED. "(with William Mbaya) 'Public Order and Preservation of Public Security Law', Smokin Wanjala and Kivutha Kibwana (eds): Democratization and Law Reform in Kenya (Nairobi, Claripress) Report (ed) (Nairobi, Institute for Education in Democracy.". In: Victoria Walter and Debbie Betts (eds), Safeguarding Human Rights in Eastern Africa (FES, Kampala), 77. Rao, W. O., Ogonji, J. A.. and Aywa, S.; 1997. Abstract
PIP: This research report studies several biochemical and histochemical aspects of cervical carcinoma and explores their use in follow-up of patients undergoing radiotherapy. Material came from 19 patients with invasive cervical carcinoma admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital. A control group consisted of 20 women matched for age who attended clinics at the hospital but were not suffering from any malignant disease; control tissue for histological examination was obtained from 3 women who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine fibroids. Biochemical assays for alkaline and acid phosphatases in patients with cervical carcinoma show an increase in alkaline phosphatase in carcinomatous tissue (35.7 umoles/hr/mg) as opposed to normal tissue (7.2). Acid phosphatase values were only moderately raised. Assays of the same enzymes in blood showed a less marked difference between patients and controls (ranges of 7.5-20.8 and 3-14, respectively). When examined histochemically, increased alkaline phosphatase activity was observed in connective tissue, epithelium of the glands and blood capillaries of tumor tissue. 1 section containing normal tissue bordering carcinomatous tissue demonstrated normal alkaline phosphatase activity in the normal tissue and increased activity in the tumor tissue. In summary, there is increased enzyme activity around the tumor areas, but values for serum levels show an overlap of normal and abnormal cases and are therefore not predictive. Results demonstrate a clear difference in activities of these enzymes in carcinomatous tissue and normal tissue, which may be of value in follow-up care.
)
MUMMA_MARTINON CA. ) Eu-Africa Relations / Eu-Africa Dialogue. Institute Of Peace Studies And International Relations (Hipsir; 2005.draft.pdf
3. Ndirangu CW. ") Evaluation of the SMASSE PROJECT in Biology in Kajiado District, Kenya. ." VDM Publishing House.Germany. 2010.
Getuno PM, Awino ZB, Ngugi PK, Mwaura F. ") Implementation of The Public Procurement And Disposal Act, (2005)." DBA Africa Management Review. 2015;5(1):75-93.
Mbugua SN, Sibuyi NRS, Njenga LW, Odhiambo RA, Wandiga SO, Meyer M, Lalancette RA, Onani MO. ") New Palladium(II) and Platinum(II) Complexes Based on Pyrrole Schiff Bases: Synthesis, Characterization, X‑ray Structure, and Anticancer Activit." ACS Omega . 2020;XXXX(XXXX):XXXX. Abstract

: New palladium (Pd)II and platinum (Pt)II complexes (C1−C5) from the Schiff base ligands, R-(phenyl)methanamine (L1), R-(pyridin-2-yl)methanamine (L2), and R-(furan2-yl)methanamine (L3) (R-(E)-N-((1H-pyrrol-2-yl) methylene)) are herein reported. The complexes (C1−C5) were characterized by FTIR, 1H and13C NMR, UV−vis, and microanalyses. Single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis was performed for the two ligands (L1−L2) and a Pt complex. Both L1 and L2 belong to P21/n monoclinic and P-1 triclinic space systems, respectively. The complex C5 belongs to the P21/c monoclinic space group. The investigated molar conductivity of the complexes in DMSO gave the range 4.0−8.8 μS/cm, suggesting neutrality, with log P values ≥ 1.2692 ± 0.004, suggesting lipophilicity. The anticancer activity and mechanism of the complexes were investigated against various human cancerous (Caco-2, HeLa, HepG2, MCF-7, and PC-3) and noncancerous (MCF-12A) cell lines using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and Apopercentage assays, respectively. C5 demonstrated strong DNA-binding affinity for calf thymus DNA (CTDNA) with a binding constant of 8.049 × 104 M−1. C3 reduced cell viability of all the six cell lines, which included five cancerous cell lines, by more than 80%. The C5 complex also demonstrated remarkably high selectivity with no cytotoxic activity toward the noncancerous breast cell line but reduced the viability of the five cancerous cell lines, which included one breast cancer cell line, by more than 60%. Further studies are required to evaluate the selective toxicity of these two complexes and to fully understand their mechanism of action.

SK M, M W, JK S, CK G. ") Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Breed characteristics, Farmer Objectives and Preferences in Kenya: A correspondence analysis." Discourse Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences. 2014;2(4):118-125.
Wagoro M.C.A.,.J. MKJ & A, C O, A K, J M. ") Structure and Process Factors that Influence Patient’s Perception of In-patient Nursing Care at Mathari Hospital.". 2008. Abstractstructure_and_process_factors_that_influence_patients_perception_of_inpatient_psychiatric_nursing_care_at_mathari_hospital__nairobi.pdf

To explore structure and process factors which influence patients' perception of quality inpatient psychiatric nursing care at Mathari hospital. This was a cross-sectional study of 236 inpatients selected by stratified random sampling. Competence to give consent was determined by a minimum score of 24 on Mini Mental State Examination. Patients were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Differences in proportions of variables were determined by calculating confidence interval and summary chi-squared statistics. P-values of < or =0.05 were considered significant. Majority of patients (87%) were aged 20-49 years with 43% having stayed in the ward for over a month. Structure factors related to patients' perception of care included physical environment, being happy with the way the ward looked was significantly related to satisfaction with care (chi(2) = 5.506, P = 0002). Process factors significantly related to patients' satisfaction with care included nurses providing patients with information on prescribed medicines (chi(2) = 10.50, P = 00012). Satisfaction with care was positively related to ability to recommend someone for admission in the same ward (chi(2) = 20.2, P = 00001). Structure and process factors identified as influencing patients' perception of care were physical environment and nurses' qualities that fit within the characteristics of Peplau's Interpersonal Relations Theory.

M SM, AA A, CK O, IM M, TM M. ") Utility of sonohysterography in evaluation of patients with abnormal uterine bleeding." Biochem. Pharmacol.. 2018;2(1).
Harry Amuguni Chanzu • John Mmari Onyari, Shiundu PM. "), Biosorption of Malachite Green from Aqueous Solutions onto Polylactide/Spent Brewery Grains Films: Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies." J Polym Environ. 2012;DOI 10.1007/s10924-012-0479-5.
Onsomu Z, Kaijage E, Aduda J, Iraya C. "), Demographics and Investor Biases at the Nairobi Securities Exchange, Kenya." International Journal of Arts and Commerce. 2017;6(15):51-60.
C. A. Mumma-Martinon. "). Kenya: Examining The Real Issues At Stake In Post-Elections Crisis." Catholic Information Service In Africa (Cisa): Networking The Church In Africa And The World. (2008).21._examininig_the_real_issues_at_stake.pdf
Wanjala W Cornelius, Teresa Akeng'a, George O Obiero, Lutta. KP. "). Antifeedant activities of Erythrinaline alkaloids from Erythrina latissima against Sporodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera noctuidae)." Records of Natural Products. 2009;3(2):96-103.
A. HASHIM. "). Bonding through Faith: Enhancing Cohesion and Integration Values in the Islamic Religious Education Curricula for Primary and Secondary Schools.". In: Mainstreaming National Cohesion and Integration in Kenya’s Educational Curriculum. Nairobi: National Cohesion and Integration Commission in partnership with the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development; 2014.bonding_through_faith.pdf
GK G, JW A, Mbuthia P G, CM M. "). Causes of calf mortality in peri-urban area of Nairobi, Kenya." Trop. Anim. Health. Prod.. 2010;42:1643-1647 .
El-Banhawy EM, Abou-Awad BA. "). Description of hypopial stage of a new species of mite associated with the honey bee, Apis dorsata F. (Acari : Acaridae). Zool. Jb. Syst., 117: 269.". In: Published by the Democratization and Research Centre, Rome, Vol. 27, No. 3, March. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1990. Abstract

We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten

Gathungu JKJ&. "). Employee Trust of Top Management and Performance of Saccos in Nairobi City County, Kenya." American Research Journal of Humanities Social Sciences. 2018;01(02):10-190.
Nyonje, O. R. & Ndunge DK. "). Factors Influencing Access to Professional development of Secondary School Managers in Kenya." Journal of School of Continuous and Distance Education. 2011;Volume 1(Issue 2 January 2011):pages 111-129; ISSN: 2074-4722.
Muriithi JG, Nyagah G, Okoth UA. "). Influence of teachers’ communication strategies on students’ discipline in Public secondary schools in Mukurweni District." International journal of social sciences and Education (IJSSE). 2016;5(4):241-250.
Nguta, CM, WO O, Onyari, Onyiego. "). Levels of Selected Heavy Metals & Fluoride in water around Fluorspar Factory in Kerio Valley, Kenya." Kenya J Sci Tech Inn. . 2010;1:12-22.
R NYONJE, KYALO DN, MULWA ANELINE. ). Monitoring and Evaluation of Projects and Programmes: A Hand Book for Students and Practioners. Nairobi: Aura Books-ISBN 9966-123-456-7 ; 2012.
El-Banhawy EM, Abou-Awad BA. "). New predatory mite species of the genus Phytoseius Ribaga from Tanzania (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). Zool, Jb. Syst., 116: 373.". In: Published by the Democratization and Research Centre, Rome, Vol. 27, No. 3, March. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1990. Abstract

We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten

MAINA DRGITHIGIASAMUEL. "). Prevalence of porcine Cysticercosis and risk factors for Taenia solium taeniosis in Funyula Division of Busia District Kenya. Githigia,S.M., Murekefu,K. and Otieno, R.O." The Kenya Veterinarian . 2005;29:37-39. AbstractWebsite

Ivan Gumula; Matthias Heydenreich, Solomon Derese; Isaiah O. Ndiege and Abiy Yenesew. Phytochemistry Letter, 2012, 150-154

Nyonje, KYALO DN, Itegi FM. ). Project Planning and Management: Notes for Beginners. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktierge Sellschaft & CO.KG, ISBN:978-3-639-337822; 2011.
Cherotich, M.G., Kalai, J.M., Kebenei PJ, Rose A. "). Prospects of Deputy Principals’ professional preparation on administrative tasks in boarding public secondary schools inBomet County, Kenya." The Cradle of Knowledge African Journal of educational and Social Science Research. 2017;5(2):109-117.
Inyo DN. "). Service Quality and Operational Performance of Tour Operators in Kenya." African Journal of Business and Management (AJBUMA). 2019;Vol.5(No.1):43-61.
EL-BANHAWY PROFEL-SAYED. "). Survey of predacious mites on citrus in South Africa. Specific diversity, geographic distribution and the abundance of predacious mites. Anz. Schad. Pflanz. Umwelt., 70: 138 .". In: Published by the Democratization and Research Centre, Rome, Vol. 27, No. 3, March. El-Banhawy, E. M.; 1997. Abstract
We surveyed the phytoseid mites in four different geographical zones of Kenya: Zone I, upper highland and tropical alpine (2400-4400m): Zone II, lower highland (1800-2400m); zone III, midland (800-1800m); Zone IV, tropical, hot and humid( 0-800m ). A total of 107 species was found. In the sub family, amblyseeinae there were 14 species in the genus Neoseilus , one in Aspereroseius Chant, one in Paraphytoseius Swirski &Schechter, five in typhlodromips De Leon, five in Transeius Chant & McMurty, one in Graminaseius Chant &McMurty, 11 in Amblyseius Berlese, one in Arrenoseius Wanstein, two in Typhlodromalus muma, seven in Ueckemannseius Chant &McMurty, one in Ambylodromalus Chant &Mcmurty,, 20 in Euseius Wanstein, one in Iphiseius Berlese, one in Phytoseilus Evans and one in Gynaseius Ehara & Imano. In the subfamily Phytoseiinae Berlese there were four species in the genus Phytoseiius Ribaga. In the subfamily Typhlodrominae Wanstein, there were four species in the genus Kuzinellus Wainstein and 27 in Typhlodromus Scheuten
Cook J, Kimuyu P. "). The costs of coping with poor water supply in rural Kenya." . Water Resources Research. 2016;52(2):841-859.
Otsyina H, Nguhiu J, E M, Mbuthia, P.G., W O. "): Clinical manifestations in sheep with plastic bags in the rumen." Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science. 2016;51.
Otsyina H, Nguhiu J, E M, Mbuthia, P.G., W O. "): Clinical manifestations in sheep with plastic bags in the rumen." Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science. 2016;51. Abstract
n/a
*
ELIAS PROFMAITHOT. "*6FFBC058752C37F0ACD407CD04F39F6DD393B3C8.". In: journal. de Gruyter; 1983.
,
Tara, Bartlett Leslie, W. A, Okoth U. , ICT in Education Impact Study 2012-2013 Report. The Earth Institute, Columbia University; 2015.
KINYUA PROFMWEASIXTUS. ", 2002. Engineering properties of common sub grade soils below pavement structures in Kenya. Journal of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Vol.7 PP 1- 8, March 2002.". In: Journal of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Vol.7 PP 1- 8,. Longhorn; 2002. Abstract
 Journal of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Vol.7 PP
Olwendo OJ, Yosuke Y, Cilliers PJ, Baki P, Chigomezyo MN, Mito C. ", A study on the response of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly over the East Africa sector during the geomagnetic storm of November 13, 2012." . Advances in Space Research. 2015;55(12):2863-2872.
Ng'ang 'a Ng'endo, Monica, Nzuve S. ", An Assessment of Employees' Perception of Performance Appraisal: A Case Study of the Department of Immigration - Nairobi ." An Assessment of Employees' Perception of Performance Appraisal: A Case Study of the Department of Immigration - Nairobi . 2012.
-
Mwenesi BM. "- Cohesion and Integration in Kenya through the teaching of French in Kenyan Schools.". In: NCIC. KCB Centre; Karen; Forthcoming.
JONYO DRFREDOPIYO. "- Ethnicity in the electoral Process in Kenya.". In: East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 2002. Abstract

Ampicillin products, 20 capsules, 2 tablets and 23 dry suspensions were evaluated for quality by liquid chromatography at theDrug Analysis Unit University of Nairobi. Four capsule formulations failed limits on content. The Ampicillin content in 5 suspensions dropped below 80% on storage, but had no correlation to decrease in chemical content
 
Ampicillin is semi-synthetic penicillin used in the management of infections caused by sensitive microorganisms. Microbial resistance against ampicillin is well documented and cross-resistance is a common problem among the penicillins. Development of resistance is always associated with exposure of microorganisms to sub-lethal levels of drugs. The quality administered and especially low content of ampicillin in dosage form could therefore contribute to the development of resistance.
 
Work on the quality of drugs in the period 1982 to 1992 has shown presence of poor quality penicillin products in the market [1-4]. This observation was recently reinforced by the findings on quality of phenoxymethylpenicillin syrups [5]. The extensive use of ampicillin in kenya as one of the drugs on the essential drugs list of Ministry of Health [6] led to observed increase in resistance. It was recently replaced by amoxicillin.
 
The communication presents findings on the quality of ampicillian capsules and tablets and dry syrups found on the Kenyan market using liquid chromatography (LC). The preparations were from private and public sources including those submitted to the ministry of Health drug regulatory authority. The latter are intended for marketing in Kenya after registration, and for the purpose of this paper are treated as being on the market.

JONYO DRFREDOPIYO. "- Political parties and Civil Society in Governance and Development.". In: East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 2002. Abstract

Ampicillin products, 20 capsules, 2 tablets and 23 dry suspensions were evaluated for quality by liquid chromatography at theDrug Analysis Unit University of Nairobi. Four capsule formulations failed limits on content. The Ampicillin content in 5 suspensions dropped below 80% on storage, but had no correlation to decrease in chemical content
 
Ampicillin is semi-synthetic penicillin used in the management of infections caused by sensitive microorganisms. Microbial resistance against ampicillin is well documented and cross-resistance is a common problem among the penicillins. Development of resistance is always associated with exposure of microorganisms to sub-lethal levels of drugs. The quality administered and especially low content of ampicillin in dosage form could therefore contribute to the development of resistance.
 
Work on the quality of drugs in the period 1982 to 1992 has shown presence of poor quality penicillin products in the market [1-4]. This observation was recently reinforced by the findings on quality of phenoxymethylpenicillin syrups [5]. The extensive use of ampicillin in kenya as one of the drugs on the essential drugs list of Ministry of Health [6] led to observed increase in resistance. It was recently replaced by amoxicillin.
 
The communication presents findings on the quality of ampicillian capsules and tablets and dry syrups found on the Kenyan market using liquid chromatography (LC). The preparations were from private and public sources including those submitted to the ministry of Health drug regulatory authority. The latter are intended for marketing in Kenya after registration, and for the purpose of this paper are treated as being on the market.

JONYO DRFREDOPIYO. "- Politics in Kenya, Perspective.". In: East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 2004. Abstract

Ampicillin products, 20 capsules, 2 tablets and 23 dry suspensions were evaluated for quality by liquid chromatography at theDrug Analysis Unit University of Nairobi. Four capsule formulations failed limits on content. The Ampicillin content in 5 suspensions dropped below 80% on storage, but had no correlation to decrease in chemical content
 
Ampicillin is semi-synthetic penicillin used in the management of infections caused by sensitive microorganisms. Microbial resistance against ampicillin is well documented and cross-resistance is a common problem among the penicillins. Development of resistance is always associated with exposure of microorganisms to sub-lethal levels of drugs. The quality administered and especially low content of ampicillin in dosage form could therefore contribute to the development of resistance.
 
Work on the quality of drugs in the period 1982 to 1992 has shown presence of poor quality penicillin products in the market [1-4]. This observation was recently reinforced by the findings on quality of phenoxymethylpenicillin syrups [5]. The extensive use of ampicillin in kenya as one of the drugs on the essential drugs list of Ministry of Health [6] led to observed increase in resistance. It was recently replaced by amoxicillin.
 
The communication presents findings on the quality of ampicillian capsules and tablets and dry syrups found on the Kenyan market using liquid chromatography (LC). The preparations were from private and public sources including those submitted to the ministry of Health drug regulatory authority. The latter are intended for marketing in Kenya after registration, and for the purpose of this paper are treated as being on the market.

JONYO DRFREDOPIYO. "- Role of Civil Society in E.A.C. Integration 2005.". In: East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 2005. Abstract

Ampicillin products, 20 capsules, 2 tablets and 23 dry suspensions were evaluated for quality by liquid chromatography at theDrug Analysis Unit University of Nairobi. Four capsule formulations failed limits on content. The Ampicillin content in 5 suspensions dropped below 80% on storage, but had no correlation to decrease in chemical content
 
Ampicillin is semi-synthetic penicillin used in the management of infections caused by sensitive microorganisms. Microbial resistance against ampicillin is well documented and cross-resistance is a common problem among the penicillins. Development of resistance is always associated with exposure of microorganisms to sub-lethal levels of drugs. The quality administered and especially low content of ampicillin in dosage form could therefore contribute to the development of resistance.
 
Work on the quality of drugs in the period 1982 to 1992 has shown presence of poor quality penicillin products in the market [1-4]. This observation was recently reinforced by the findings on quality of phenoxymethylpenicillin syrups [5]. The extensive use of ampicillin in kenya as one of the drugs on the essential drugs list of Ministry of Health [6] led to observed increase in resistance. It was recently replaced by amoxicillin.
 
The communication presents findings on the quality of ampicillian capsules and tablets and dry syrups found on the Kenyan market using liquid chromatography (LC). The preparations were from private and public sources including those submitted to the ministry of Health drug regulatory authority. The latter are intended for marketing in Kenya after registration, and for the purpose of this paper are treated as being on the market.

JONYO DRFREDOPIYO. "- Role of Ethnicity in Kenya.". In: East and Central African Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. F.N. kamau, G. N Thothi and I.O Kibwage; 2002. Abstract

Ampicillin products, 20 capsules, 2 tablets and 23 dry suspensions were evaluated for quality by liquid chromatography at theDrug Analysis Unit University of Nairobi. Four capsule formulations failed limits on content. The Ampicillin content in 5 suspensions dropped below 80% on storage, but had no correlation to decrease in chemical content
 
Ampicillin is semi-synthetic penicillin used in the management of infections caused by sensitive microorganisms. Microbial resistance against ampicillin is well documented and cross-resistance is a common problem among the penicillins. Development of resistance is always associated with exposure of microorganisms to sub-lethal levels of drugs. The quality administered and especially low content of ampicillin in dosage form could therefore contribute to the development of resistance.
 
Work on the quality of drugs in the period 1982 to 1992 has shown presence of poor quality penicillin products in the market [1-4]. This observation was recently reinforced by the findings on quality of phenoxymethylpenicillin syrups [5]. The extensive use of ampicillin in kenya as one of the drugs on the essential drugs list of Ministry of Health [6] led to observed increase in resistance. It was recently replaced by amoxicillin.
 
The communication presents findings on the quality of ampicillian capsules and tablets and dry syrups found on the Kenyan market using liquid chromatography (LC). The preparations were from private and public sources including those submitted to the ministry of Health drug regulatory authority. The latter are intended for marketing in Kenya after registration, and for the purpose of this paper are treated as being on the market.

OTIENO MROLWALTHOMAS. "- Olwa et al (2006a) considers a multidimensional timing phase shift as a vector within a transmitted time frame. The timing shift vector is modelled as a random walk. A combined discrete polyphase matched filter and iterative turbo receiver outputs are u.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific Conference November 2004, Nairobi. Journal of Applied Biosciences; 2006. Abstract
Hydro-distilled volatile oils from the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) from Meru district in Eastern Kenya were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and also evaluated for antimicrobial activity. The oil was dominated by monoterpens which accounted for 92.48%. This monoterpene fraction was characterized by a high percentage of eugenol (68.8%). The other major monoterpenes were methyl eugenol (13.21%), cis-ocimene (7.47%), trans-ocimene (0.94%), β-pinene (1.10%) and camphor (0.95%). The sesquiterpenes present in fairly good amounts were germacrene D (4.25%) and trans-caryophyllene (1.69%). The minor sesquiterpenes were α-farnesene (0.85%) and β-bisabolene (0.74%). The antimicrobial activities of the essential oils were evaluated against both Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus spp.) and Gram negative (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosae, Salmonella typhi, Klebisiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis) bacteria and a pathogenic fungus Candida albicans. The oil had pronounced antibacterial and antifungal activities on all the microbes.
OTIENO MROLWALTHOMAS. "- Olwal et al, (2005) proposes a synchronous digital receiver that implements a timing phase shift estimator incorporated after a free running sampling circuit. The timing phase shift estimator is designed by combining a discrete root raised cosine matche.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific Conference November 2004, Nairobi. Journal of Applied Biosciences; 2005. Abstract
Hydro-distilled volatile oils from the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) from Meru district in Eastern Kenya were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and also evaluated for antimicrobial activity. The oil was dominated by monoterpens which accounted for 92.48%. This monoterpene fraction was characterized by a high percentage of eugenol (68.8%). The other major monoterpenes were methyl eugenol (13.21%), cis-ocimene (7.47%), trans-ocimene (0.94%), β-pinene (1.10%) and camphor (0.95%). The sesquiterpenes present in fairly good amounts were germacrene D (4.25%) and trans-caryophyllene (1.69%). The minor sesquiterpenes were α-farnesene (0.85%) and β-bisabolene (0.74%). The antimicrobial activities of the essential oils were evaluated against both Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus spp.) and Gram negative (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosae, Salmonella typhi, Klebisiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis) bacteria and a pathogenic fungus Candida albicans. The oil had pronounced antibacterial and antifungal activities on all the microbes.
OTIENO MROLWALTHOMAS. "- Olwal et al. (2006b) investigates a Cramer-Rao bound on the unbiased timing phase estimation proposed in Olwal et al. (2006a). the Cramer-Rao bound on variance performance yields improved bit error rate performance in GSM receivers. The non data aided a.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific Conference November 2004, Nairobi. Journal of Applied Biosciences; 2006. Abstract
Hydro-distilled volatile oils from the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) from Meru district in Eastern Kenya were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and also evaluated for antimicrobial activity. The oil was dominated by monoterpens which accounted for 92.48%. This monoterpene fraction was characterized by a high percentage of eugenol (68.8%). The other major monoterpenes were methyl eugenol (13.21%), cis-ocimene (7.47%), trans-ocimene (0.94%), β-pinene (1.10%) and camphor (0.95%). The sesquiterpenes present in fairly good amounts were germacrene D (4.25%) and trans-caryophyllene (1.69%). The minor sesquiterpenes were α-farnesene (0.85%) and β-bisabolene (0.74%). The antimicrobial activities of the essential oils were evaluated against both Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus spp.) and Gram negative (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosae, Salmonella typhi, Klebisiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis) bacteria and a pathogenic fungus Candida albicans. The oil had pronounced antibacterial and antifungal activities on all the microbes.
.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ".". In: AAP (Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere) Swahili Forum IX 72/2002, pp. 19-24, University of Cologne. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2002. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ".". In: AAP (Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere) 68/2001, Swahili VIII, pp.81-115, University of Cologne. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2001. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ".". In: (A Stylistic Approach to the teaching of Poetry), Ufundishaji wa Lugha, Fasihi Pamoja na Utahini katika Shule za Upili, pp. 31-40, Kenya Kiswahili Association. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1996. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ". .". In: (A Stylistic Approach to the teaching of Poetry), Ufundishaji wa Lugha, Fasihi Pamoja na Utahini katika Shule za Upili, pp. 31-40, Kenya Kiswahili Association. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1996. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
MUTISO DRKINEENEWA. ". .". In: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Press, March 1987, 161pp. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 1986. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Macrophytes have been shown to perform important ecological roles in Lake Naivasha. Consequently, various studies regarding the impact of biotic factors on the macrophytes have been advanced but related studies on environmental parameters have lagged behind. In an attempt to address this gap, sampling on floating species and submergents was carried out in eight sampling sites in 2003 to investigate how they were influenced by a set of environmental factors. Soil texture (sandy sediments; P < 0.05, regression coefficient = - 0.749) and wind were the most important environmental parameters influencing the distribution and abundance of floating macrophytes. Combination of soil texture and lake-bed slope explained the most (86.3%) variation encountered in the submergents. Continuous translocation of the floating dominant water hyacinth to the western parts by wind has led to displacement of the submergents from those areas. In view of these findings, the maintenance and preservation of the steep Crescent Lake basin whose substratum is dominated by sand thus hosting most submergents remain important, if the whole functional purpose of the macrophytes is to be sustained.
O DROUTAGEORGE. ". .". In: Mid American Alliance for African Studies conference (MAAAS). Kansas State University, USA,; Submitted. Abstract
No abstract available. PMID: 11957248 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Mumma-Martinon CA. ". A brief on Total in Exploration & Production( Page 74) .". In: 60 Years of Total in Kenya: Celebrating 60 Years of Service . Nairobi : Total Kenya; 2017.
Kariuki HN, Kanui TI, Yenesew A, Patel N, PM MPM. ". Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of Toddalia asiatica (L) Lam. (Rutaceae) root extract in Swiss albino mice." Pan African Medical journal. 2013;14:133.
Wagacha JM, Muthomi JW, Mutitu EW, Mwaura FB. ". Control of bean rust using antibiotics produced by Bacillus and Streptomyces species - Translocation and persistence in snap beans." Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management . 2007;11:165-168.
Pulei A, Inyimili M, Ogeng’o J, Kitunguu P, ONGETI K, Obimbo M. ". Surgical significance of brachial arterial variants in a Kenyan population." Annals of African Surgery. 2012;9. Abstract

Surgical significance of brachial arterial variants in a Kenyan population
A Pulei, M Obimbo, K Ongeti, P Kitunguu, M Inyimili, J Ogeng’o

Abstract

Background: Knowledge of the variant anatomy of the brachial artery is important in radial arterial grafts for coronary bypass, percutaneous trans-radial approach to coronary angiography, angioplasty and flap surgery. These variations show ethnic differences but data from black populations are scarce. This study therefore describes the course in relation with median nerve, level and pattern of termination of brachial artery in a black Kenyan population.
Methods: This was a cadaveric dissection study of 162 upper limbs at the Department of Human Anatomy University of Nairobi, Kenya. The brachial artery was exposed entirely from the lower border of teres major to its point of termination. The course in relation to the median nerve and the level of termination were recorded. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 17.0 for Windows.
Results: 72.2% of the brachial arteries followed the classical pattern described in Gray’s Anatomy. Superfi cial brachioradial and superficial brachial arteries were present in 12.3% and 6.1% of the cases respectively. Brachial artery terminated at the radial neck in 79% of the cases, radial tuberosity (8.6%), and proximal arm (11.1%), mid arm (1.2%). Pattern of termination was either a bifurcation into the radial and ulnar arteries (90.1%) or trifurcation into radial, ulnar and common interosseous arteries (9.3%). We also report a case of trifurcation of the brachial artery into the profunda brachii, radial and ulnar arteries (0.6%).
Conclusion: Variations of the brachial artery in its relationship with the median nerve, level and pattern of termination are common. These may complicate arm surgical exposures, fl ap and vascular surgery. Pre-operative angiographic evaluation is recommended.

Keywords: brachial artery, bifurcation, trifurcation, superficial brachioradial artery

V. DRMITULLAHWINNIE. ". "Governance and Leadership in Africa" in Bahemuka, J. and Brockington. J. East Africa in Transition: Communities, Culture and Change. Nairobi: Acton publishers.". In: The Politics of Transition in Kenya: From Kanu to Narc. Nairobi: Heinrich Boll Foundation. ELOQUENT BOOKS NY, Strategic Book Group, Connecticut, USA. ISBN-978-1-60911-081-9.Pages1; 2001. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Products of gene modification have vast implications. Creating public awareness and disseminating information on the subject seeks to demystify some of the widely held falsehoods regarding genetically modified products. This is an informative, thorough and easy to understand guidebook that aims to enlighten and debunk some of the commonly held misconceptions on products of gene modification and to give the reader a better understanding of the role genetic modification will play. The review sheds light on the safety, and application of these products in medicine, the food industry and other areas, especially those where genetic modification may represent a cheap, faster, credible, viable alternative in achieving sustainable development among resource-poor communities.
KINYUA PROFMWEASIXTUS. ". (1990) Structural strength condition for some flexible road and aircraft pavements under tropical conditions. Proceedings of 3rd Int. Conf. On bearing capacity of roads and airfields PP 743-756, Trondeihm, Norway.". In: Proceedings of 3rd Int. Conf. On bearing capacity of roads and airfields PP 743-756, Trondeihm, Norway. Longhorn; 1990. Abstract
 Journal of Civil Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Vol.7 PP
N.K. PROFNJOROGEBERNARD. ". Bernard N. Kimani Njoroge, William P. Ball, Robert S. Cherry .". In: Proceedings of the American Chemical Society Symposium, Division of Environmental Chemistry, San Diego,California,. Boniface Kavoi, Andrew Makanya, Jameela Hassanali, Hans-Erik Carlsson, Stephen Kiama; 1986. Abstract
This study investigated the effectiveness of three physical-chemical methods namely; pH adjustment, precipitation with alum and the use of polyelectrolytes. In the treatment of diary wastewater from Brookeside milk processing plant. It also investigated the drainability of the sludge produced by each of the three methods. Laboratory tests were carried out in three different batches, one for each of the three methods. In the alum method enough alum was added to the wastewater samples to cause precipitation by sweep floc. In the pH adjustment method, the pH of samples were lowered to the iso-electric point of the casein proteins of approximately pH 4.5 leading to their precipitation as a result of solubility changes. The polyelectrolytes method involved the use of two polyelectrolytes, Sudfloc 3820 and Sudfloc 3860 each of which was used to coagulate the dirty wastewater. For each of the three methods, the samples were taken in one-litre beakers and subjected to Jar tests to determine the optimum dosages. After one hour of settling the supernatants were decanted and subjected to standard Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) tests, turbidity and pH measurements. The settled sludge was subjected to drainability studies. Results showed the treatment of dairy wastewater by the three physical-chemical methods to be effective. There were COD removals of between 60% and 90% and turbidity reduction of over 90%. The use of the sudfloc polyelectrolytes was found to be the least demanding in terms of effluent quality control as no pH adjustments of either the wastewater or the effluent was required. The use of polyelectolytes produced the least volumes of sludge and also the better drainability and solids concentration. Sudfloc 3820 was found to achieve better results than Sudfloc 3860 in terms of COD reduction and the drainability of sludge produced although both achieved the same drainability studies. This study showed that each of the three physical-chemical methods can be used effectively to remove the white colour of dairy wastewater as well as the bulk of the proteins and fats, hence, enabling the discharge of the effluents into natural waters to be of good assimilative capacity.
SM K, JA O, H S, B.M N. ". Comparative intimo-media morphology of the human splenic and common hepatic arteries." J. Morph. Sci,2011. 2011:28:52-25 – 2011.
Ibisomi L, Odimwegu C, Otieno A, KIMANI M. ". Degree of Preference Implementation and Fertility Changes in Developing Countries.". In: The XXVth IUSSP Conference. Tours, France; 2005.
A. K. . Developmental Defects of Enamel.. Saarbrucken,: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co, Saarbrucken,; 2011.
Ritho C, Mwololo H, Nzuma J. ". Do farmer demographic characteristics influence their preference for agricultural extension methods?". In: Global Food Symposium . Gottingen University Germany; 2017.
Maina PK, Wachira PM, Okoth SA, Kimenju JW, Otipa M, Kiarie JW. ". Effects of Land-Use Intensification on Distribution and Diversity of Fusarium Species in Machakos County, Kenya. ." Journal of Agricultural Science. 2015;7(4):48-60.
Gitao CG, Maina SM, Kihu SM. . Enhanced Diagnosis of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) using experimental infection models. Nairobi Jacaranda Hotel, Westlands Nairobi-Kenya 9th – 10th June: FAO-EU; 2015.
D.N. Kariuk i, J.Kithinji PMCAMN. . Explore Chemistry, Form 1.; 2003.
J MROKELLOJULIUS. ". Factors influencing awareness and use of ICT-based market information services for farming business in Malawi.". In: International Journal of Economic Research. 1. Okello, J.J., C. J. Lagerkvist, S. Hess, M. Ngigi, and N. Karanja; 2011. Abstract
The effect of acqueous extract of the tuber of Adenia globosa on the isolated preparation of the rat uterus was determined. The crude drug caused a dose-dependent contraction of the tissue preparation. This action was enhanced by a small dose of oxytocin. The results are discussed in relation to the traditional uses of this plant.
Otieno ATA. ". Fertility Response to Infant Mortality in Kenya. Evidence from 1993 Demographic and Health Survey.". In: Population and Development in Kenya: Essays in Honour of S H Ominde. Nairobi, Kenya. Pp 43-55: Population Studies and Research Institute; 2000.
T.N. O. ". Foreign Direct Investment in developing countries: Analytical experience of Western Theoretical research assessments and international statistics. .". 2006;(St .P Petersburg state university of Economics and Finance, St. Petersburg,):2006-176 pages. (Monograph).
Jimmy ML, Nzuve F, Flourence O, Manyasa E, Muthomi J. ". Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance and trait correlations in selected sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) varieties." International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research. 2017;11(5):47-56.
KANGANGI DRGIKUNJUJ. ". Gikunju J.K. 1999, Kenya and the perils of fluoride. A journal for Medical and Health Workers, AFYA, African Medical and Research foundation (AMREF) Vol. 31, No.3, pp 15-18.". In: journal. Douglas McLean Publishing; 1999. Abstract

            Fluoride determinations were made with a fluoride ion selective electrode on 60 river water samples collected at readily accessible sites in Central and Nairobi provinces of Kenya. The highest fluoride concentration was 0.85 ppm in Laikipia District and the lowest was 0.08 ppm in Murang'a District. By region and district, the mean fluoride concentration ranged from 0.12 ppm for rivers in Laikipia to 0.24 ppm for rivers in Nairobi, with 0.32 ppm in the Upper Basin of the Athi River. The results indicate that the rivers are relatively low in fluoride and are therefore safe in this respect for domestic and industrial use.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

Ojwang J. D, R.O. Nyankanga, and J. Imungi, Olanya MO. ". Growth Parameters of vegetable pigeon pea varieties in Kenya." Horttechnology spotlight 5. 2016.nyankangaojwanghortechnology_spotlight_vol_97_pg_5_2016pdf.pdf
S EDWARDS, G GC. ". Highly sensitive antigen detection Procedures for the diagnosis of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis: Amplified Elisa and Reverse passive Haemaglutination. ." Veterinary Microbiology. 1987;13:135-141. Abstractpub_40_edwards_and_gitao_1987.pdfWebsite

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

and W.K.S. Ruto, J.I. Kinyamario N’etich AMNKEJK. ". Human Impacts on Two Wetlands in the Nairobi National Park, Kenya. ." Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution. 2012;9(3):11-18. absracts.pdf
Kuria ZN, Woldai, T., Opiyo Akech N. ". Imaging saltwater intrusion into coastal aquifers with electrical resistivity tomography at Lamu Island, South Coast Kenya. ." African Journal of Science and Technology. 2010;11(2):57-72.
Opanga SA, Mwang’ombe NJ, Okalebo FA, Kuria KAM. ". Impact of neurosurgical site infections on patient expenditure at a national referral hospital in Kenya: a cost of illness study. ." African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2017;6(2):72-76.
Kemoli AM, van Amerongen WE, Opinya GN. ". Influence of different isolation methods on the survival of proximal ART restorations in primary molars after two years." Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2008;11(3):132-135. Abstract

Aim: This was to evaluate the influence of two methods of tooth-isolation on the survival rate of proximal ART restorations in the primary molars.
Methods: The study was conducted in two rural divisions in Kenya, with 7 operators
randomly paired to a group of 8 assistants. A total of 804 children had each one proximal cavity in a primary molar restored using the ART approach. During the restoration 2 isolation methods, rubber dam or cotton wool rolls, and 3 brands of glass ionomer cements were randomly used by the operators. The restorations were then followed for a period of 2 years.
Statistics: SPSS 14.0 was used to analyze and relate the data obtained to the method of
isolation used.
Results: After 2 years 30.8% of the ART restorations had survived. Higher survival rates of the restorations were obtained when using rubber dam irrespective of the GIC material or the operator.
Conclusions: Generally the survival rate of the proximal restorations in the present
study was very low, but the use of rubber dam resulted in a higher survival rate of the
restorations.

MITEMA PROFSEO. ". Kariuki, S.M. Olsvik, O. Mitema, E.S.; Gathuma, J.M. and Mirza N. (1993). Acquired tetracycline resistance genes in Nosocomial Salmonella typhimurium infection in a Kenyan Hospital. E. Afr. Med. J. 70: 255-258.". In: journal. BEP Electronic Press; 1993. Abstract

Tetracyclines have been among the most widely used antibiotics worldwide. Plasmid-mediated tetracycline resistance among hospital strains of bacteria has continued to rise and of major concern has been the transfer of resistance to pathogenic organisms. Bacteraemia due to hospital acquired S. typhimurium has been a major cause of morbidity at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), hence the need to study drug susceptibility pattern of this organism. This study also characterized the tetracycline resistance genes using oligonucleotide probes. Ninety seven S. typhimurium strains isolated from patients at KNH were used. Agar dilution method was used to determine minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Plasmids were isolated from each strain and the different plasmid profiles were grouped by their molecular weights into 6 patterns. Out of 97, 87 (88%) strains were resistant. MIC ranged from 1 microgram/ml to 128 micrograms/ml. Genes encoding for tetracycline resistance were located on plasmids of molecular weights 65 MDa, 5.2 or both. Plasmid-encoded antimicrobial resistance is likely to spread to other pathogenic organisms, reduce our ability to treat the infection and increase the cost and duration of treatment.

W. DRGATHECELOICE. ". Knowledge and perception regarding the association between digital sucking, tongue thrusting and anterior open bite among parents of children aged 3-12 years old in Nairobi.". In: African Journal of oral Sciences. 2009; 5(4):9-12. Wangari VW, Gathece LW, Masiga MA.; 2009. Abstract
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya. A case report is presented of a 53 year old man who presented with posterior dislocation of the hip after a road traffic accident. Initial management by closed reduction failed due to presence of an occult free intra-articular fragment. This fragment was not visualised on plain A-P and lateral X-ray views. The cause of the failed closed reduction was eventually detected by CT scan. Open reduction and removal of the bone fragment was done and the hip remained stable thereafter. It is concluded that plain X-rays are not adequate in the diagnosis of free intra-articular bone fragments within the hip joint and CT scanning is advised for accurate detection of such occult bine fragments.
W. DRGATHECELOICE. ". Knowledge Attitude and Oral Hygiene Practices of Patients Attending a Periodontology Clinic.". In: 26th KDA/IADR annual scientific conference and exhibition, Crowne Plaza Hotel, Upper hill, Nairobi October 21st to 23rd 2010. . Bagha A. S., Gathece L. W, Kisumbi B; 2010. Abstract
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya. A case report is presented of a 53 year old man who presented with posterior dislocation of the hip after a road traffic accident. Initial management by closed reduction failed due to presence of an occult free intra-articular fragment. This fragment was not visualised on plain A-P and lateral X-ray views. The cause of the failed closed reduction was eventually detected by CT scan. Open reduction and removal of the bone fragment was done and the hip remained stable thereafter. It is concluded that plain X-rays are not adequate in the diagnosis of free intra-articular bone fragments within the hip joint and CT scanning is advised for accurate detection of such occult bine fragments.
Amugune BK, Thoithi GN, Kibwage IO. ". Liquid chromatographic separation of phenobarbitone, ethosuximide, phenytoin and carbamazepine on a polystyrene-divinyl benzene column." Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology. 2006;58(10) (supp/1 ):105.
H.C. Wien, undefined, Nyankanga R. ". Low light stress influences lower abscission and yield of bell pepper cultivars." HortScience. 1996;31(4).
MITEMA PROFSEO. ". Mitema, E.S. (l989). Use of drugs in urinary tract infections. Ken. Vet. 13: 39.". In: journal. BEP Electronic Press; 1989.
Kamau FN, Njogui PM, Thoithi GN, Mwangi JW, Kibwage IO, Kariuki ST, Yenesew A, Mugoi HN, Mwalukumb JM. ". Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Investigation of Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis (Urticaceae).". 2011. Abstract

Root and stem extracts of Girardinia diversifolia exhibited varying degrees of activity against Bacillus pumilus, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Three compounds namely ~-sitosterol, 7bydroxysitosterol and 3-bydroxystigmast-5-en-7-one, were isolated from the petroleum ether root extract. The present study gives scientific credence to the traditional use of Girardinia diversifolia in the management of microbial infections.

Onyatta JO, Omoto WO. . Potential for urban and peri-urban agriculture to create employment and reduce poverty.. Nairobi: Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Urban Harvest-CIP and International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).; 2004.

UoN Websites Search