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Book
R. I, Mugambi M. The Curriculum in Perspective . Chisinau: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing ; 2021.
Rop PBK, Nyamai PCM, Namwiba WH. Narrative Glossary of Fundamentals for Applied Geology. Scholars' Press; 2020.Website
Ongaro J, Rao O. Basic Mathematics: Fundamental Concepts in Pure Mathematics. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi Press; 2020. Abstract
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Ralwala AO. Meaning in Kenyan Luo Vernacular Architecture.. Chisinau: LAMBERT Academic Publishers.; 2019.
Otieno DJ, Akinyi B, Rege JEO. Empowering Early Career Professionals for Effective Leadership of Agricultural Institutions: Experiences from a Leadership Mentoring Project in Eastern and Southern Africa. Nairobi: Institute for People, Innovations and Change in Organizations – Eastern Africa (PICO-EA); 2018.
Ferrier S, Ninan KN, Leadley P, Alkemade R, Acosta LA, Akcakaya HR, Brotons L, Cheung WWL, Christensen V, Harhash KA, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Lundquist C, Obersteiner M, Pereira HM, Peterson G, Pichs-Madruga R, Ravindranath N, Rondinini C, Wintle BA. The methodological assessment report on scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Bonn, Germany: IPBES; 2016.2016.methodological_assessment_report_scenarios_models.pdf
Field CB, Aalst MV, Aalst MV, Opondo M, Poloczanska E, Pörtner H-O, Redsteer MH. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects: Volume 1, Global and Sectoral Aspects: Working Group II Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. USA: IPCC; 2014. Abstractresearch-repository.uwa.edu.au/en/publications

Human interference with the climate system is occurring. [WGI AR5 2.2, 6.3, 10.3-6, 10.9] Climate change poses risks for human and natural systems (Figure TS.1). The assessment of impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability in the Working Group II contribution to the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (WGII AR5) evaluates how patterns of risks and potential benefits are shifting due to climate change and how risks can be reduced through mitigation and adaptation. It recognizes that risks of climate change will vary across regions and populations, through space and time, dependent on myriad factors including the extent of mitigation and adaptation. [INSERT FIGURE TS.1 HERE Figure TS.1: Climate-related hazards, exposure, and vulnerability interact to produce risk. Changes in both the climate system (left) and development processes including adaptation and mitigation (right) are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability. [19.2, Figure 19-1]] Section A of this summary characterizes observed impacts, vulnerability and exposure, and responses to date. Section B examines the range of future risks and potential benefits across sectors and regions, highlighting where choices matter for reducing risks through mitigation and adaptation. Section C considers principles for effective adaptation and the broader interactions among adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development. Box TS.1 introduces the context of the WGII AR5, and Box TS.2 defines central concepts. To accurately convey the degree of certainty in key findings, the report relies on the consistent use of calibrated uncertainty language, introduced in Box TS.3. Chapter references in square brackets indicate support for findings, paragraphs of findings, figures, and tables in this summary.

Walker BR, Colledge NR, Ralston SH, Penman I. Davidson's principles and practice of medicine. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2013. Abstract
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R NYONJE, KYALO DN, MULWA ANELINE. ). Monitoring and Evaluation of Projects and Programmes: A Hand Book for Students and Practioners. Nairobi: Aura Books-ISBN 9966-123-456-7 ; 2012.
Rading GO. D O Mbuge, L Gumbe and G O Rading: Service Life of HDPE Plastic Dam Lining. Saarbrucken: Lambert Academic Publishing; 2012.
Rayya T. Mama Mkwe.; 2012.Website
Mbuge(3) DO, Gumbe L, Rading G. Service Life of HDPE Plastic Dam Lining. Saarbrucken: Lambert Academic Publishing; 2012.
Mbuge DO, Gumbe LO, Rading GO. Service Life of HDPE Plastic Dam Lining - Prediction Using Viscoelasticity. Saarsbrucken, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing; 2012.
Philipsson J, Rege JEO, Zonabend E. Animal improvement for increased productivity and food availability.; 2011. AbstractWebsite

This module discusses important factors to consider when designing sustainable genetic improvement programmes, especially under tropical conditions. Previous attempts to launch breeding programmes in developing countries have too often failed for several reasons, although there are success stories to learn from as well. Long-term and simple strategies are necessary as is the need to efficiently exploit the potential of indigenous breeds. Increased productivity per animal or area of land used also need to be considered. However, that must be achieved while also considering the variable socio-economic and cultural values of livestock in different societies or regions. Within the module there are links [blue] to web resources and [green] to case studies and other related components of this resource that help illustrate the issues presented.

Rukwaro RW, Ayonga JN, Anunda, Musungu T(2011). Development control frameworks in Kenya.. Nairobi, Kenya: Published report by (AAK/BAF); 2011.
Rabe M, Price G, Krhoda G, Goodwin R. 2. Climate Change Vulnerability and Infrastructure Investment Assessment and Analysis for Small Scale Water Utilities in the Lake Victoria Basin. Guide Book for water and wastewater utilities. .; 2011. Abstract

The effect of global climate change on the built urban environment, especially installed infrastructure for the
delivery of essential services, will be particularly severe and even more so for developing countries where
resources to deal with anticipated impacts are lacking. Because the delivery of wet services is dependent on
water resources and tends to be an energy intensive operation, water and wastewater utilities will be most
vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. It is therefore imperative that the providers of these services embark on a programme of proactively adapting to the impacts of climate change and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions through improved pumping efficiencies. Because adaptation can take on many forms, utilities must apply logic and rational thinking to this process and prioritize interventions that are most likely to cost effectively address identified
impacts.

Kihiu J, Rading G, Mutuli S. Boiler, Piping and Pressure Vessel Cross-Bore Design Stresses. Saarbrucken: VDM Publishing; 2011.
Osoro MK, Rathore IV, MANGALA MJ, Mustapha AO. Radioactivity in surface soils around the proposed sites for Titanium Mining Project in Kenya. Citeseer; 2011. AbstractWebsite

Radioactivity measurements were carried out around Maumba and Nguluku villages, two of the proposed sites for titanium mining in the coastal area of Kenya. Samples of surface soils were analyzed using a HPGe gamma spectrometer. The average activity concentrations for …

Ebrahim YH, Rukwaro RW, Sealey A. Building design and development 1: Thermal design. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2010.
Ebrahim YH, Rukwaro RW, Sealey A. Building science: Thermal design. Nairobi, Kenya: Ebenergy Enterprises; 2010.
R.G. OGJJ &. Company Law. Nairobi: Focus Books; 2010.
Rayya. Mombasa Swahili Women’s Wedding Songs – A Stylistic Analysis. VDM Verlag Dr. Muller GmbH & Co.Germany 2010; 2010.
Branthomme A, Bunning C, Kamerlaczyk S, Rodas R., Anyango SO, Situma C. Integrated Natural Resources Assessment Kenya: field manual . Rome: FAO; 2009.
Ndiba PK, Axe L, Jahan K, Ramanujachary V. XRF measurement of heavy metals in highway marking beads..; 2009.Website
Rading GO. Concise Notes on Materials Science and Engineering. Victoria BC: Trafford Publishing; 2007.
Rading GO. Concise Notes on Materials Science and Engineering. Victoria: Trafford Publishing; 2007.
Rummel-Bulska I. The negotiating process leading to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Finland: International Environmental Law-making and Diplomacy Review, Joensuu; 2007.
Kremmer E, Krämer PM, Weber CM, Räuber C, Martens D, Forster S, Stanker LH, Rauch P, Shiundu PM, Mulaa FJ. Optical Immunosensor and ELISA for the Analysis of Pyrethroids and DDT in Environmental Samples.; 2007. AbstractOptical Immunosensor and ELISA for the Analysis of Pyrethroids and DDT in Environmental Samples

An optical immunosensor (AQUA-OPTOSENSOR) and ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) for the analysis of pyrethroids and DDT in river water and/or sediment, are described. The optical immunosensor consists of a bench-top optical read-out-device and disposable single-use sensor chips. ELISA was carried out in the coating antigen format. As examples, phenothrin (pyrethroid) and p,p'-DDT were chosen. Herein we describe the overall strategy, the set-up and principle of the immunosensor platform, and show representative results for immunosensor and ELISA analysis. The immunosensor employs fluorophore (Oyster®-645)-labeled monoclonal antibodies (mouse mAb Py-1 and rat mAb DDT 7C12), and makes use of the evanescent field, thus operating without washing steps. ELISA in the coating antigen format uses a second antibody labeled with peroxidase. Both, phenothrin and p,p'-DDT can be analyzed with these immunochemical techniques in the low ppb levels. Advantages and drawbacks of both immunochemical platforms are discussed.

Krämer PM, Weber CM, Kremmer E, Räuber C, Martens D, Forster S, Stanker LH, Rauch P, Shiundu PM, Mulaa FJ. Optical Immunosensor and ELISA for the Analysis of Pyrethroids and DDT in Environmental Samples.; 2007. AbstractOptical Immunosensor and ELISA for the Analysis of Pyrethroids and DDT in Environmental Samples

An optical immunosensor (AQUA-OPTOSENSOR) and ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) for the analysis of pyrethroids and DDT in river water and/or sediment, are described. The optical immunosensor consists of a bench-top optical read-out-device and disposable single-use sensor chips. ELISA was carried out in the coating antigen format. As examples, phenothrin (pyrethroid) and p,p'-DDT were chosen. Herein we describe the overall strategy, the set-up and principle of the immunosensor platform, and show representative results for immunosensor and ELISA analysis. The immunosensor employs fluorophore (Oyster®-645)-labeled monoclonal antibodies (mouse mAb Py-1 and rat mAb DDT 7C12), and makes use of the evanescent field, thus operating without washing steps. ELISA in the coating antigen format uses a second antibody labeled with peroxidase. Both, phenothrin and p,p'-DDT can be analyzed with these immunochemical techniques in the low ppb levels. Advantages and drawbacks of both immunochemical platforms are discussed.

Riechi A, Otieno M. The impact of HIV and AIDS on teachers in Kenya: A pilot study in Nairobi, Machakos and Siaya districts. Nairobi: Institute of Policy Analysis and Research; 2007. Abstract
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Riechi ARO, Mbiti DM, Kisilu B. Policy gaps and suggested strategies of enhancing access to early childhood development and education in Kenya. Institute of Policy Analysis and Research; 2006. Abstract
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Riechi ARO. Towards improving Kenya's primary education: suggested policy interventions. Institute of Policy Analysis and Research; 2006. Abstract
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Rose D. CHARACTERISTICS OF DROPOUTS AMONG UPPER PRIMARY PUPILS - TEACHERS' PERCEPTIONS. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller GmbH & Co. KG; 2004.
Mwai OA;, Rosati A;, Tewolde A;, Mosconi C. Development of livestock production systems in Africa..; 2004.Website
Mwai OA, Mitaru B;, Rosati A;, Tewolde A;, Mosconi C. Development of livestock production systems in Africa..; 2004.Website
E.N. PN, Hirschfeld M, Lindsey E, Kimani V, Mwanthi M, Olenja J, Pigott W, Messervy P, Mudongo K, Ncube E, Rantona K, Bale S, Limtragool P, Nunthachaipun P. COMMUNITY HOME-BASED CARE IN RESOURCE-LIMITED SETTINGS. Geneva: THE CROSS CLUSTER INITIATIVE ON HOME-BASED LONG-TERM CARE, NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND MENTAL HEALTH AND THE DEPARTMENT OF HIV/AIDS, FAMILY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH, WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION; 2002. AbstractWebsite

COMMUNITY HOME-BASED CARE IN RESOURCE-LIMITED SETIINGS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
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his document provides a systematic framework for establishing and maintaining community home-based care (CRBC) in resource-limited
settings for people with RIV / AIDS and those with other chronic or disabling conditions. Most CRBC services so far have been established through unsystematic, needs-based efforts. As the RIV / AIDS epidemic continues to grow, many organizations and communities are now considering expanding in a more programmatic approach, and countries are looking for scaled-up responses and national strategies for CRBe. This document therefore provides an important framework to guide governments, national and international donor agencies and community-based organizations (including nongovernmental organizations, faith-based organizations and community groups) in developing or expanding CRBC programmes. The need for such a document has been clearly identified.
CRBC is defined as any form of care given to ill people in their homes. Such care includes physical, psychosocial, palliative and spiritual activities. The goal of CRBC is to provide hope through high-quality and appropriate care that helps ill people and families to maintain their independence and achieve the best possible quality of life.
This document targets three important audiences: policy-makers and senior administrators, middle managers and those who develop and run CRBC programmes. Although the roles and responsibilities of these target audiences differ somewhat, developing effective partnerships among the three is essential. Policy-makers and senior administrators must be involved in developing and monitoring CRBC programmes, and the people who manage and run the programmes must share information and feedback with senior administrators. In this sense, policy and action are interrelated as each partner learns from and guides the other. To this end, this document is divided into four interrelated sections: a policy framework for CRBC; the roles and responsibilities for CRBC at the national, district and local levels of administration; the essential elements of CRBC; and the strategies for action in establishing and maintaining CRBC in resource-limited settings.

Wasamba P, Rayya T. Sauti Kutoka Pwani 2. Nairobi: Kenya Oral Literature Association; 2001.
Wamwangi DM, Rathore IVS, Katia SK, MANGALA MJ. Major and trace bioelements-trace element analyses of pollen, bee tissue, and honey by total reflection and radioisotope excited x-ray fluorescence …. erepository.uonbi.ac.ke; 2000. AbstractWebsite

Elemental analyses of pollen, bee tissue and honey samples collected from selected areas of Kenya have been carried out using total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) and radioisotope excited X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) techniques. The objective was to find out …

Hashim NO, Kinyua AM, MANGALA MJ, Rathore IV. EDXRF analysis of lead and other toxic trace elements in soil samples along two major highways of Kenya. erepository.uonbi.ac.ke; 1998. AbstractWebsite

Adjacent lands along most major highways of Kenya are left as open spaces, or used for small scale farming and grazing of cattle and livestock. Some grass and plants are expected to have high levels of lead and other toxic metals. So far, no study has been carried out to …

Gichaga FJ, Rangasami KS. Introduction to Building and Civil Engineering Drawing. MacMillan Publishers; 1986.
Book Chapter
Rop K, Karuku GN, Mbui D. "Synthesis and characterization of biodegradable cellulose-based polymer hydrogel.". In: Nanotechnology in Paper and Wood Engineering Fundamentals, Challenges and Applications. Amsterdam: Elsevier Radarweg 29, PO Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, United Kingdom 50 Hampshire Street, 5th Floor, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights res; 2022.
R T. "Jinamizi la Malezi.". In: Utashi wa Dola na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Oxford University Press ; 2021.
A K, Folayan MO, Sabbah W, El Tantawi M, Ramos-Gomez F. "Country Profile of the Epidemiology and Clinical Management of Early Childhood Caries.". In: Country Profile of the Epidemiology and Clinical Management of Early Childhood Caries. Lausanne: Frontiers Media SA.; 2020.
Okaru AO, Rehm J, Sommerfeld K, Kuballa T, Walch SG, Lachenmeier DW. "The threat to quality of alcoholic beverages by unrecorded consumption.". In: Alcoholic beverages. Woodhead Publishing; 2019:. Abstract
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Rukwaro P. "Conservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Kenya." www.ucl.ac.uk/ucl-press; 2018.
Gaitho; PR, Awino; ZB, R.K. K. "Strategic leadership and Service Delivery in African Context: Ethical Practices Influence the Relationship?". In: International Journal for Innovation Education and Research Papers.; 2018.
Rayya Timammy MAA. "Mshairi Mcheza Kwao Lakini Asiyetuzwa in Lugha na Fasihi katika Karne ya Ishirini Moja.". In: Mshairi Mcheza Kwao Lakini Asiyetuzwa in Lugha na Fasihi katika Karne ya Ishirini Moja. Eldoret : Mosol Kandagor/Nathan Ogechi/ Clarissa Vierke (wh) Moi University Press; 2017.
R T. "“Kikulacho” a story in Kosa la Nani na Hadithi Nyingine.". In: Kosa la Nani na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Vide Mua publishers ; 2017.
R T. "“Paka Duzi” a story in Siri ya Bwenyenye na Hadithi Nyingine.". In: Siri ya Bwenyenye na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Spotlight Publishers East Africa Limited ; 2016:.
Rao, K.P.C., Sridhar, G., Mulwa, J.K, Kilavi, M.N., Esilaba, A., Athanasiadis, I. N., Valdivia RO. "Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Agricultural Systems in East Africa.". In: Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: pp. 75-124. World Scientific Publishing; 2015.
R 3. T. "Jinamizi la Ubaguzi.". In: Fimbo ya Mbali na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Focus Publishers 2015; 2015.
R T. "Mwalimu Adui.". In: Alionja Asali na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Focus Publishers ; 2015.
R T. "“Huku na Huku.". In: Homa ya Nyumbani na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Phoenix ; 2015.
Clet Wandui Masiga, Abdalla Mohamed, Sarah Osama, Abigail Ngugi, Dan Kiambi, Santie de Villiers, Ngugi K, Mugoya C, Rasha Ali. "Enhanced Utilization of Biotechnology Research and Development Innovations in Eastern and Central Africa for Agro-ecological Intensification.". In: Enhanced Utilization of BiotechnologyResearch and Development Innovationsin Eastern and Central Africafor Agro-ecological Intensification. Entebe: Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA); 2014.masiga_et_al_2014_enhanced_use_of_biotechnology_in_eca.pdf
Twikirize JM, Spitzer H, Wairire GG, Maboyo ZM, Rutikanga C. "Professional Social Work in East Africa: Towards Social Development, Poverty Reduction and Gender Equality.". In: Professional Social Work in East Africa: Empirical Evidence. Kampala: Fountain Publishers; 2014.
Ngowi HA, Mukaratirwa S, Lekule FP, Maingi N, Waiswa C, Sikasunge C, Afonso S, Sumbu J, Ramiandrasoa S, penrith ML, Willingham AL. "Agricultural Impact of Porcine Cysticercosis in Africa: A Review.". In: Novel Aspects on Cysticercosis and Neurocysticercosis. Jeneza Tirdine Rijeka, Croatia: INTECH; 2013.
R. M, Walker R, P J. "Ugonjwa wa Parkinsons.". In: Nyenzo katika kiswahili. Hesperian.org; 2013.
Obamba MO, Kimbwarata J, RIECHI ANDREWR. "Development Impacts of International Partnerships.". In: Internationalisation of African Higher Education. SensePublishers; 2013:. Abstract
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Yanda P, Wandiga S, Kangalawe R, Opondo M, Olago D, Githeko A, Downs T, Robert Kabumbuli, Opere A, Githui F, Kathuri J, Olaka L, Apindi E, Marshall M, Ogallo L, Mugambi P, Kirumira E, Nanyunja R, Baguma T, Sigalla R, Achola P. "Climate, Malaria and Cholera in the Lake Victoria Region: Adapting to Changing Risks.". In: Climate Change and Adaptation. Routledge; 2012. Abstract

In the East African countries, malaria is ranked as the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in both children and adults. It causes about 40,000 infant deaths in Kenya each year; in Uganda annual cases of malaria range between 6 to 7 million, with 6500 to 8500 fatalities, and in Tanzania the annual death toll is between 70,000 and 125,000 and accounts for 19 per cent of health expenditure (De Savigny et al, 2004a and b). In the case of cholera, the first epidemic in Africa was reported as far back as 1836 (Rees, 2000). Major outbreaks were next reported in 1970 and affected West Africa (Guinea), the horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan) and Kenya (Waiyaki, 1996). The most severe cholera outbreak on the African continent was in 1998, accounting for more than 72 per cent of the global total number of cholera cases and acutely affecting the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Cholera outbreaks in East Africa have been reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1972. In the Lake Victoria region of East Africa both malaria and cholera are common, with malaria endemic in the lowlands and epidemic in the highland areas and cholera endemic in the basin since the early 1970s (Rees, 2000).

Rayya. "Haki Yangu Naidai.". In: Takrima Nono na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Longman; 2012.
Rayya. "Kuwa Mume.". In: Mwavyaji wa Roho na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Focus Publishers; 2012.
Rayya. "Mama Mkwe.". In: Kopo la Uji na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers; 2011.
Rayya. "Picha ya Hadaa.". In: Sina Zaidi na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Target Publishers; 2011.
Ngugi RW, Mohapatra S, Ratha D. "Remittances market in Kenya.". In: Remittance Markets in Africa. The World Bank; 2011.
Ngugi RW, Sennoga E, Mohapatra S, Ratha D. "Remittances market in Uganda.". In: Remittance Markets in Africa. The World Bank; 2011.
Raphael Kaplinsky, Morris. M. "Impacts and Challenges of a Growing Relationship Between China and Sub Saharan Africa.". In: The Political Economy of Africa, pp. 389-409. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-41; 2010.
Rayya. "Kikojozi.". In: Mizungu ya Manabii na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Phoenix Publishers; 2010.
Rambo CM, Atisa E. "Material Production and Control Strategies.". In: Material Production and Control Strategies. Nairobi: UoN; 2010.
Rayya. "Mifereji ya Machozi.". In: Wali wa Ndevu na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Vide Mua; 2010.
Rambo CM, Otieno M. "Principles and Procedures in Project Planning and Management." Nairobi: UoN; 2010.
Rambo CM, Matseshe L. "Project Financing.". In: Project Financing. Nairobi: UoN ; 2010.
Bosshard A, Reinhard BR, Taylor S, Gichuki NN, Kinuthia WW. "Biodiversity in tropical small scale farms in central Kenya.". In: IFOAM Guide to Biodiversity and Lanscape Quality in Organic Agriculturend. Bonn: International Federation of Organic Farming Movements (IFOAM) ; 2009.
Ruto S, Kameri-Mbote P, Muteshi J. "Engendering Environmental Management for Sustainable Livelihoods.". In: The Promises and Realities: Taking Stock of the 3rd International Women’s Conference. NAIROBI: African Women & Child Feature Service & Ford Foundation; 2009.
Chung MH;, Drake AL;, Richardson BA;, Reddy A;, Thiga J;, Sakr SR;, Kiarie JN;, Yowakim P;, Stewart GJC. "Impact of Prior HAART Use on Clinical Outcomes in a Large Kenyan HIV Treatment Program."; 2009.
Roeder LW. "Gender and climate change outlining policy recommendations to mainstream gender and climate change.". In: Climate Change Threats: An NGO Framework for Action Report. NewYork: United Nations; 2008.
Janet Aisbett, Greg Greg Gibbon, Rodrigues AJ, Joseph Migga Kizza, Gerald R Renardel, Ravi N. "Special topics in computing and ICT research: strengthening the role of ICT in development.". In: Special topics in computing and ICT research: strengthening the role of ICT in development. Kampala: Fountain Publishers; 2008. Abstract

This is a Book Chapter in ICCIR series that discuses research work in the areas of Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Information Systems, Information Technology, Software Engineering and Networking. Some of the areas discussed include: Software Usability; Game Theoretic Multi-agent Systems; Dynamic Resource Allocation; Bootstrapping Machine Translation; Exploring the Implementation of Blended Learning; System Dynamics Modeling in Healthcare; Data Security Lapses in Developed Societies

Dorothy McCormick, Raphael Kaplinsky, Morris M. "The Impact of China on Sub Saharan Africa.". In: Global Markets and Local Responses: The Changing Institutions in the Lake Victoria Fish Cluster"Clusters in Africa: Pattern, Practice and Policy for Innovation. Tokyo: United Nations University Press. Tokyo: United Nations University Press; 2007. Abstract

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Kiriti-Nganga TW, Roy KC. "Poverty Alleviation Programs For Women’s Empowerment in Kenya Through State and Private Sector Governance.". In: Governance and Development in Developing Countries, Editors: K.C. Roy (Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia) and Biman Prasad (Univ. of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands). NOVA Science Publishers.; 2007.
Mrumbi K, Rono R, Ngare D, Obondo A, Oladimeji BY, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)."; 2006.
Mrumbi K, Obondo A, Rono R, Ngare D, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Counselling."; 2006.
editor Ndetei, D.M., Ongecha-Owuor FA, Bekry AA, Rono R. "Crisis and Crisis Management."; 2006.
Kiriti-Nganga TW, Tisdell C, Roy CK. "Globalisation and Institutional Deterrents to the Empowerment of Women: Kenya’s Experience.". In: Institutions, Globalisation and Empowerment. Chapter 9, pp 199 - 222. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.; 2006.
Mrumbi K, Obondo A, Rono R, Ngare D, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Group, Marital and Family Therapies."; 2006.
Obondo A, Ngare D, Ndetei DM, Mbewe E, Morakinyo O, Rono R, Addo AS. "Human Development and Life Cycle."; 2006.
Othieno C, Rono R, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Human Learning."; 2006.
Othieno C, Rono R, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Human Motivation and Emotions."; 2006.
Obondo A, editor Ndetei, D.M., Rono R, Ngare D. "Loss and Bereavement Therapies."; 2006.
and Rogo, K.O. OMJOP. "Maternal Mortality.". In: Disease and Mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Washington: The World Bank; 2006.
Othieno C, Rono R, Sebit MB, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Memory and Forgetting."; 2006.
Rono R, Khasakhala L, editor Ndetei D.M. "Personality and Personality Traits."; 2006.
Rono R, Onene T, Kilonzo G, editor Ndetei, D.M., Obondo A. "Psychotherapy."; 2006.
Hogan NM, editor Ndetei, D.M., Kilonzo G, Ndegwa JM, Rotich J, Too R, Ruttoh J. "Research and Bio Statistics in Mental Health."; 2006.
RAYYA DRTIMAMMY. ""Siri ya mama" .". In: Mimba ingali Mimba na Hadithi Nyingine. Nairobi: Focus Publishers; 2006.
Mwega FM, Rwegasira D. "Public Debt and Macroeconomic Management in Sub - Saharan Africa.". In: UNCTAD, Management of Capital Flows: Comparative Experiences and Implications for Africa, UNCTAD/GDS/MDPB/2003/1, 2003 .; 2003.
McAvaney BJ, C. Covey, S. Joussaume, V. Kattsov, A. Kitoh, W. Ogana, A.J. Pitman, A.J. Weaver, R.A. Wood, Zhao Z-C. "Model evaluation.". In: Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Houghton, J.T., Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P.J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell and C.A. J. England: Cambridge University Press; 2001.
Nyangena W, R.S.Maya, Gupta J. "Political and Practical Constraints to Joint Implementation in Kenya.". In: Joint Implementation: Carbon Colonies or Business Opportunities? Weighing the odds in an information vacuum. Southern Centre for Energy and Environment; 1996.
Redfern PH, Sinei KA. "24-Hr variation in synaptosomal tryptophan-5- hydroxylase activity in the rat brain.". In: Circadian Rhythms in the Central Nervous System. London: MacMillan Press; 1985.
Ruigu G. "Some Aspects of Employment on Small Holder Farms in Selected Areas of Kenya.". In: Agricultural Policy Issues in East African.; 1973.
Case
Kihara" "A-B, Gladwell" "K, Eunice" "CJ, Medhat" "A, Issak" "B, Emily" "R, Rose" "KJ. Breast cancer in pregnancy; routine examination, diagnosis and management: A case report.; 2013.crcm_acceptance_of_breast_manuscript.doc
Conference Paper
RAI MRVYASYASHWANT. "Residual Red Soils of Kenya as construction materials For earthen Dams and Embankments.". In: Conference on Materials for Dams.; Submitted. Abstract
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Rwigi S, Ouma G, Ouma C, Oloo F, Wekesa S, Olang L. "Effects of rainfall variability on water availability in the drylands of Northern Kenya under a changing climate.". In: AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts.; 2021. Abstract

The availability of water in the dryland regions is a function of climatic and land conditions, which determine the amount and distribution of atmospheric water and subsequent partitioning of that water into different hydrological components. Rainfall variability in the drylands affects water, food and livelihood security in the sensitive landscapes. For effective water resource management, it is important to quantify the effect of rainfall variability on the available water resource components to support food security, given that a majority of livelihoods in the drylands are dependent on rainfall. This study assessed rainfall variability and its effects on stream flows in the dryland regions of Turkana County in Northern Kenya. The Coefficient of Variation (CV), Standardised Precipitation Anomaly (SPA) and Mann-Kendal test approaches were used to determine variability and trends of rainfall. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), was employed to simulate hydrological components, including surface runoff, interflow, groundwater flow and the eventual water yield in the streams. The model simulations were driven by the Climate Hazards Group InfraRed Precipitation with Station CHIRPS and the Coordinated Regional Climate Downloading Experiment CORDEX projected rainfalls to establish the current and future water availability respectively. From the results, CV values ranging from 20 to 99% were obtained indicating that the region experiences moderate to high rainfall variability, often resulting in moderate to extreme floods and droughts in the area. The model simulations indicated that the stream-flows are increasing towards the 2020s decade compared to what was flowing in the 1980s decade, as observed between 1981 and 2020 using rainfall. This is probably a result of the increased rainfall observed in this region over the las four decades. Using Representative Concentration Pathways RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 projected rainfall scenarios, the model indicated that future stream flows will be higher than present. The findings show that, in the face of climate change scenarios, proper land management is required to promote water and food security in the drylands of sub-Saharan Africa in the future

Geno KPO, Ralwala AO. "Assessment of Heat Stress Exposure on Construction Workers in Hot and Humid Environments during the Covid-19 Pandemic Period.". In: (Re)Setting Built Environment Theory and Practice in a Post-pandemic World: Disrupted Buildings or Design for Disruption. School of Architecture and Building Sciences (SABS) online (virtual) conference, JKUAT; 2021.
Koteng POG, Ralwala AO. "Assessment of Heat Stress Exposure on Construction Workers in Hot and Humid Environments during the Covid-19 Pandemic Period. .". In: (Re)Setting Built Environment Theory and Practice in a Post-pandemic World: Disrupted Buildings or Design for Disruption. School of Architecture and Building Sciences (SABS) online (virtual) conference, JKUAT; 2021.
Ralwala AO. "Honouring National Heroes through Architecture: a case of the Presidential Mausoleum. .". In: Modern Heritage (in the Anthropocene) in collaboration with University of Cape Town; UNESCO; UNESCO World Heritage Centre; African World Heritage Fund; UCL Bartlett School of Architecture; PAMOA; ICCROM; ICOMOS & IUCN. the Cape Town Conference on ‘Modern Heritages of Africa’ 22-24 September ; 2021.
Nyatuka DM, Ralwala AO. "Effectiveness of Health and Safety Policy and Audit on Kenya Power Last Mile Connectivity Project performance in Nakuru County, Kenya.". In: Scarcity and Creativity: Addressing Critical Spatial Needs. Sub-theme: Learning for Resource Efficiency and Resourcefulness. School of Architecture and Building Sciences (SABS) online conference, JKUAT; 2020.
Nyatuka DM, Ralwala AO. "The moderating influence of employees attitude on the relationship between Occupation Health and Safety Training and Kenya Power Last Mile Connectivity Project performance in Nakuru County, Kenya.". In: Scarcity and Creativity: Addressing Critical Spatial Needs. Sub-theme: Transportation Integration: Ports, Railways, Roads; Other Types of Mega-projects and their Impacts Contiguous Societies and their Resources. School of Architecture and Building Sciences (SABS) online conference, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology (JKUAT); 2020.
Nyatuka DM, Ralwala AO. "Perceived effectiveness of Occupational Health and Safety Ergonomics on Kenya Power Last Mile Connectivity Project performance in Nakuru County, Kenya. .". In: Scarcity and Creativity: Addressing Critical Spatial Needs. Sub-theme: Infrastructure and Property Development on Sites and in Contexts of Scarcity. School of Architecture and Building Sciences (SABS) online conference, JKUAT; 2020.
Ralwala AO. "Architectural metabletica : Luo existence in informal settlements.". In: Tropical Architecture and the Urban Challenges facing the Global South. Sub-theme: Socio-cultural issues. 9TH Eastern Africa Architecture Workshop, University of Nairobi’s Department of Architecture 4th-5th September 2019.; 2019.
Ralwala AO. "Architectural metabletica : Transformation of the Kenyan Luo dwelling unit.". In: Tropical Architecture and the Urban Challenges facing the Global South. Sub-theme: Socio-cultural issues. 9TH Eastern Africa Architecture Workshop, University of Nairobi’s Department of Architecture 4th-5th September 2019.; 2019.
Karimurio J, Gichuhi S, Nyamori J, Gachago M, Rono H, Gichangi M, Mwangi A, Kefa R. "Is task-shifting of screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) from eye specialists to technicians accurate?". In: East African Community East African Health Research Commission 7th East African Health and Scientific Conference. Dar es Salaam; 2019.invitation_letter_7th_eahsc_pg1_jefitha_karimurio1.pdfuse_of_technology_to_taskshift__prof_jefitha_karimurio.pdf
Ruto LC, Otieno DJ, Oluoch-Kosura W, Mureithi S, Nyberg G. "Emerging forms of land market participation and implications on pastoralists’ livelihoods in Kenya.". In: 20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty. Washington DC, USA; 2019.
Kimani MD, G.N K, R.N O, Muhammenda. "Simulating Maize (Zea Mays L.) performance using Aquacrop Model under Varying Irrigation Schedules and Water Depletion Levels in Bura Irrigation Scheme, Kenya.". In: AGRO 2019 Conference & Exhibition. College of Agriculture and Veterinary Science.; 2019.
Rop K, Karuku GN, Mbui D, Njomo N, Michira I. "Evaluating the effects of formulated nano-composite NPK fertilizer on growth and yield of maize, kale and capsicum29th Soil Science Society of Eastern Africa (SSSEA) held in Lake Naivasha Country Club in Naivasha town,Nakuru County from 18th-22nd Nov2019.". In: 29th Soil Science Society of Eastern Africa (SSSEA) . Lake Naivasha Country Club in Naivasha town, Nakuru County ; 2019.
Mbuge DO, Negrini R, Nyakundi LO, Kuate SP, Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, Muiru WM, Baldwyn Torto RM. "Application of superabsorbent polymers (SAP) as desiccants to dry maize and reduce aflatoxin contamination.". In: 2nd International Conference of the Pan African Society of Agricultural Engineers (PASAE), . Rabat, Morocco; 2019.
Mitema A, Okoth S, Rafudeen SM. "Molecular biomarkers and phenotypic characterization as a means of determining genetic diversity in Aspergillus flavus isolates.". In: 40th Mycotoxin Workshop Munich 2018. Munich; 2018.
Ralwala AO. "Incorporation of semiology into the curricula of Kenyan schools of architecture.". In: Knowledge solutions for the society, the economy and the environment. 12th International Conference at Egerton University, 27th to 29th March 2018.; 2018.
Ralwala AO. "Kenyan cultural ecology as a central determinant in the architectural production of urban space—the example of Nairobi County. .". In: Knowledge solutions for the society, the economy and the environment. 12th International Conference at Egerton University, 27th to 29th March 2018.; 2018.
Ralwala AO. "The praxis of Critical Regionalism as a prescription for achieving a hybrid identity in Kenyan architecture.". In: Knowledge solutions for the society, the economy and the environment. 12th International Conference at Egerton University, 27th to 29th March 2018.; 2018.
Ayah R, Gitau S, Rogge M, Mugasia D, Hoyle W, Ogot M. "Creating High Value, High Impact Products from Recycled Plastic: Case Study, Building Digital Microscopes for Malaria Diagnosis. .". In: 1st Annual Architecture & Engineering Conference. Nairobi, Kenya; 2018.
BIRIR J, Gatari MJ, RAJAGOPAL P, Mwea SK, MUIA ML. "Interaction of ultrasonic waves with defects.". In: NDE2018. Mumbai, India; 2018.
Kiriinya LK, Raiji TK, GATARI MJ. "Ecosystem Management and Sustainable Livelihoods: A case study of North Eastern Mt.Kenya.". In: International Sustainability Transitions Conference (IST2017). Gothenburg, Sweden; 2017.
Ritho C, Mwololo H, Nzuma J. ". Do farmer demographic characteristics influence their preference for agricultural extension methods?". In: Global Food Symposium . Gottingen University Germany; 2017.
Mitema A, Rafudeen S, Okoth S, Iyer R. "Heterokaryon incompatibility and phenotypic characterisation of Aspergillus flavus isolates in low and high risk zones in Kenya.". In: The 14th International Aspergillus Meeting Asperfest 14. Asilomar Conference Center, PG, CA, USA; 2017.
Birkin F, Ramos M, Makunda C, Margerison J, Polesie T, Balanzo A. "Revising the ontological status of traditional modes of living: The concepts and their practical consequences in sustainability issues in China, Kenya, Colombia and Sweden.". In: The 23rd International Sustainable Development Research Society (ISDRS) Conference. Bogota, Colombia; 2017.
Lydia W. Njenga, Rachael E.N. Njogu, Kariuki DK, Yusuf AO, Wendt OF. "Tris-Cyclometalated Iridium (III) Complexes as Photoredox Catalysts in Organic Synthesis.". In: Oorgandagarna - Inorganic Days,. Nynäshamn, Sweden; 2017.
Roman F, Hensel O, Mbuge D. "Development of Grain Drying Facilities That Use Superabsorbent Polymers (SAP) to Optimise Drying and Control Aflatoxin Contamination in Kenya.". In: “Solidarity in a competing world — fair use of resources”. Vienna, Austria; 2016.
A. AA, J.K. I, A.M. M, O. OF, RW. N. "Knowledge , attitudes and use of bovine blood as food on Kisumu County Kenya.". In: 1st National Food and Nutrition Symposium. Nairobi, Kenya; 2016.
Mitema A, Rafudeen S, Okoth S, Revel I. "Heterokaryon incompatibility/compatibility and phenotypic characterisation of Aspergillus flavus isolates in low and high risk zones in Kenya.". In: 38th Mycotoxin Workshop, Berlin, Germany. Berlin, Germany; 2016.
Mitema A, Okoth S, Rafudeen SM. "Heterokaryon incompatibility/compatibility and phenotypic characterization of A. flavus isolates in low and high-risk zones in Kenya.". In: 13th International conference on molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics of infectious diseases. Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium; 2016.
GN M, RA N, MG K. "Championing radiation safety in Africa: The AFROSAFE campaign.". In: The International Pediatric Radiology 7th Conjoint Meeting and Exhibition. Chicago, Illinois, USA; 2016.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, R. M, DiFalco S. "The Impact of Climate Change on Food Calorie Production and Nutritional Poverty: Evidence from Kenya.". In: CSAE 2016 Conference on Economic Development in Africa. St. Catherine's College, Oxford, UK; 2016.
Mayora C, Nangami M, Ayah R, SImba D, Mafuta E, Wondafresh B, Rugema R, Tetui M, Paina L, Jessani N, Bennett SC, Bazeyo WI. "Institutional collaboration is critical in building capacity for health systems research in low income countries: Experience from the Africa Hub program.". In: Fourth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research. Vancouver ; 2016.
Kianji G, Roberts R, Lund B, Shomali H, Barongo J, Mathu E. "Preliminary seismic catalogue for Kenya and adjoining areas, 1900-2014; Challenges and constraints."; 2016.
Otange BO, Rop R, Oyugi JO, Birech Z. "Rapid detection of HIV1-p24 antigen in human blood plasma using Raman spectroscopy.". In: Frontiers in Optics. Optical Society of America; 2016:. Abstract
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Nyamai C, Rollion C, Feneyrol J, Martelat J-E, Omito E, Daniel Ichang'i, Wamunyu A. "The boron isotopic composition of tourmaline from tsavorite deposits in the Neoproterozoic Mozambique metamorphic belt, with a special focus on the mining districts in Kenya.". In: 13th SGA Biennial Meeting. Nancy, France; 2015. Abstractgiulianietal.boronsga-2015.pdf

The dravitic tourmalines associated with different types of rock from the tsavorite-bearing
metasedimentary Neoproterozoic sequence in Kenya, Tanzania, and Madagascar show two
ranges of boron isotopic compositions:(1) Tourmalines associated with tsavorite nodules
have homogenous 8113 values of-19.8 1 1.2 'llm that clearly involve continental evaporitic
material;(2) Tourrnalines from unmineralized rocks (elastic metasediments, metapegmatite,
and marble) have 8118 values between 45.9 and 40.356 “, which reflect a magmatic source
for the elastic tourmaline and probably an evaporitic one for tourmaline in marble.

Ebinger C, Muirhead J, Roecker S, Tiberi C, Muzuka A, Ferdinand R, Mulibo G, Kianji G. "Rift initiation with volatiles and magma.". In: European Geophysical Union . Vienna, Austria; 2015.
Roecker SW, Ebinger C, Tiberi C, Mulibo GD, Wambura RF, Muzuka A, Khalfan M, Kianji G, Gaulier S, Albraic J, Peyrat S. "Images of the East Africa Rift System from the Joint Inversion of Body Waves, Surface Waves, and Gravity: Investigating the Role of Magma in Early-Stage Continental Rifting.". In: American Geophysical Union. San Francisco; 2015.
Ndiritu A, Chandi R, RUGENDO CAROLINE. "Balancing work and study: A necessity for successful Distance Learning.". In: 2nd AFRICE International Conference .; 2015. Abstract

ABSTRACT
As the country re- evaluates the achievement of Millennium goals, it becomes important for Kenya to take its toll. One of the intentions was to increase gross enrolment rate in higher education. The projection was to increase the number of students joining the universities to 450,000 by end of 2015 from 130,000 in 2008. This number was to be increased through expansion of courses done through distance education. The targeted population was of those already in employment. This group has to be able to balance the demands of their workplace and their social demands for the back to school agenda to be achieved. The university of Nairobi school of continuing and distance education runs a course in distance education. However It has been noted that among the students who sit for university exams, many do not score 40% which is a minimum score for students to progress to the next level. The failure rate goes up to 63% with 27% out of 38% cases scoring below 40%, which is a very high failure rate. This failure rate prohibits students from graduating. it is worth finding out the cause of this failure rate. This study was carried out to find out if distance learners had a problem managing their time given the demands of the same among competing ends. An effort was also made to find out if this problem had an effect on their academic performance. From a total number of 4500 of students from the University of Nairobi in different levels of their B.Ed degrees, a sample of 650 students were selected using stratified random sampling technique .Data was collected using a mixed mode method and analyzed using Pearson correlations. The findings indicated a strong relationship between time management and academic performance (r=0.569)
Key words : work study balance, distance education, time management, Academic performance

J.K.Serem, R.G. Wahome, D.W. Gakuya, S.G.Kiama. "Potentials of Moringa oleifera(MO) as pig feed ingredient in Kenya.". In: RISE-AFNNET Fellows conference on natural products. Imperial Royale hotel,Kampala,Uganda; 2015.
JO M, R W, J W, R O, C K, J M, E M. "Establishing adolescent friendly services and use of adolescent package of care to improve outcome of ALHIV at a rural health center.". In: 10th Annual HIV Prevention, Care & Treatment Consultative Forum, . Nairobi, Kenya; 2015.
Ronoh K, Kamucha G, Oduol VK. "TV White Spaces in Africa: Trials and Role in Improving Broadband Access in Africa.". In: IEEE Africon. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ; 2015.
Bendick R, Fisseha S, Lewi E, Reilinger R, King R, Kianji G. "GPS Constraints on the Spatial Distribution of Extension in the Ethiopian Highlands and Main Ethiopian Rift.". In: American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, Volume: Eos, Trans. AGU 95, Fall Meet. San Francisco, CA,; 2014.
Lambert, C, Murhead, J., Ebinger, C. J, Tiberi, C., Roecker SW, Ferdnard WR, Kianji, G., Mulibo, G.D. "The importance of magmatic fluids in continental rifting in East Africa.". In: American Geophysical Union. San Francisco; 2014.
R.O.Onzago, S.G.Kiama, J.M. Mbaria, Z.M.Rukenya, D.W. Gakuya. "Efficacy and safety of Vernonia hymenolepis a medicinal plant used in Kenya for oral health.". In: 48th KVA Annual scientific conference. Boma Inn,Eldoret,Uasin Gishu county,Kenya; 2014.
Rukenya MZ, Mbaria JM, Mbaabu PM, Kiama SG, Ozango. "). In Vitro Antimicrobial, Cytotoxic Activity and Phytochemistry of Aloe turkanensis an Ethnomedicine Used in Turkana, Kenya.". In: The Kenya Veterinary Association annual 48th scientific conference . Boma Inn Hotel, Eldoret. Kenya; 2014.
R.O.Onzago, S.G.Kiama, Mbaria JM, Z.M.Rukenya, Gakuya DW. "Efficacy and safety of Vernonia hymenolepis a medicinal plant used in Kenya for oral health,.". In: . Published in the Proceeding of the 48th Kenya Veterinary Association Annual scientific conference . Boma Inn,Eldoret,Uasin Gishu county, Kenya; 2014.
Oyoo.G.O, Wanjohi.W, H.M K, Ogutu.E, Radia.K, Mutei.T.M. "Prevalence of gastroduodenal lesions in chronic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug users presenting with dyspepsia at the Kenyatta National Hospital.". In: ISSN.; 2014. Abstractprevalence_of_gastroduodenal2.pdf

Non-Steroidal Anti-
Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) are
among the most widely prescribed and
used classes of drugs worldwide. They
are known to cause gastroduodenal
mucosal damage and can result in
ulcerations, upper gastrointestinal
bleeding, perforation and even death.
However, no local data exist to show the
prevalence.
Objectives: The main objective
was to determine the prevalence
of gastroduodenal lesions seen at
endoscopy and histopathology in
chronic NSAID users presenting with
dyspepsia at the Kenyatta National
Hospital.
Design: This was a hospital-based crosssectional
study.
Methods: Seventy patients aged
13 years and above, on NSAIDs for 4
weeks or more, and presenting with
dyspepsia were recruited and done
for endoscopies. Six biopsy specimens
were taken from each patient (2 from
each of the following sites: - corpus,
antrum and duodenum). One specimen
from each site was subjected to the
rapid urease test for H. pylori detection.
The remaining three were subjected to
histopathological evaluation.
Results: Forty male and 25 female
patients aged between 16-77 years, with
a mean age of 43.4 years were studied.
At endoscopy, only 10 (13.9%) patients
had normal gastroduodenal mucosa.
Gastritis was the most prevalent lesion
occurring in 50% of the patients. Peptic
ulcer disease had a point prevalence
of 30.5% (duodenal ulcers 22.2%, and
gastric ulcers 8.3%). Other lesions at
endoscopy were duodenitis 16.7%,
gastric erosions 5.6%, duodenal erosions
1.4% and hemorrhagic gastritis 1.4%.
At histopathology, only 5 (6.9%)
patients had normal gastroduodenal
mucosa. Chronic active gastritis was the
most prevalent lesion at 77.8%. Other
lesions were chronic gastritis 12.5%,
chemical gastritis 6.9%, duodenitis
41.7% and intestinal metaplasia 4.2%.
Prevalence of H. pylori in our study
population was 50%. There was no
association between the gastroduodenal
lesions and H. pylori infection.
Conclusions: There was a high
prevalence of gastroduodenal mucosal
lesions both at histopathology (93.1%)
and endoscopy (86.1%) in the chronic
NSAID users.

Richu SW. "Analysis of Challenges in the Implementation of Operations Research Techniques for Value Addition in the Logistics Industry in Kenya: A Survey of selected Nakuru County-Based Logistics Firms.". In: ORSEA. Uganda; 2013. Abstractanalysis_of_challenges_in_the_implementation_of_operations_r.pdf

In National and International Supply Chain Management Systems, developing ideas that add value and solve logistics problems successfully when implemented is an important determinant of economic growth and competitiveness of business organizations. The development and the deployment of scientific yet business techniques in the field of Management Science that simplify processes will enhance the expansion of markets through the efficiency and effectiveness realized in the costs involved. This study sought to analyze challenges in the implementation of Operations Research techniques on value addition in the logistics industry in Kenya; A survey of Nakuru County-Based logistics Service providers. The study covered 92 respondents drawn from a population of 100 (staff and customers). Questionnaire was used to collect data after which descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data.. The study concluded that the use of Operations Research techniques have been used but yet to be fully utilized by business firms involved in the logistics service provision in order to bring about value addition in their course of delivery of goods works and services. Inadequate Human Capital in Operations Research, absence of qualified Human Capital in Operations Research, lack of professional input, insufficient platform to develop and train professionals in the field of Operations Research and absence of motivation and recognition were some of the key challenges that deterred the implementation of operations research techniques as well as the absence of integration between the use of Operations Research techniques and organization's in value addition. The study recommends that organizations engaged in the logistics service provision should invest in the qualified and competent human capital in the area of management science (operations research) in order to attain optimization and meet customer requirements by way of value addition.
Keywords: Operations Research, Supply Chain Network, Supply Chain Management, Logistics, Value Addition, Human Capital, Organization Policy, Information Technology.

ODERA BO, Cornish LA, Papo MJ, Rading GO. "A preliminary study of higher order platinum-based alloys for high temperature applications.". In: Proceedings of Precious Metals 2013 Conference, the Precious Metals Development Network, Advanced Metals Initiative. Southern Africa Institute of Mining and Metallurgy; 2013.
Jeremy G, R.M. O. "Decentralized Management of Wastewater as a Renewable Resource: A Multi - Disciplinary Approach to Sanitation T echnology Development.". In: the Safe Global Water & Sanitation Summit. Mt. Meru Hotel, Arusha. ; 2013.
Lally R, Moreira AS, Germaine K, Galbally P, Culhain J, Otieno N, Brazil D, Ryan D, Dowling D. "Development of endophytic bacterial inoculants possessing plant growth promotion traits for practical application in bio-energy plant species.". In: Association of Applied Biologists (AAB) Conference 2013 - Positive plant microbial interactions: their role in maintaining sustainable agricultural and natural ecosystems. Forest Pines Hotel, Brigg, North Linconshire, U.K; 2013. Abstract

Endophytes are bacteria present in plants that form a symbiotic relationship with
their hosts and may promote plant growth and health (Ryan et al., 2008). We extracted
Pseudomonas endophytes from Miscanthus × giganteus; a series of strains were selected
for application to two oilseed rape (OSR) trials. Endophytes colonise plants (including
the root-surface) and allow the plant to utilise nutrients present in the rhizosphere. This
potentially provides a yield boost for colonised plants, allowing for efficient fertiliser
strategies and improved yield performance (Redondo-Nieto et al., 2013). This study has
provided evidence that the application of specialised live microbial biofertilisers can
enhance aspects of crop development when applied in the field. The results show that
there was a significant increase in crop stem and leaf of “Compass” a variety of Oilseed
rape. The results did not indicate that there was a significant increase within the overall
yield of the crop.

Otieno NA, Culhane J, Germaine K, Brazil D, Ryan D, Dowling DN. "Screening of large collections of plant associated bacteria for effective plant growth promotion and colonisation.". In: Positive Plant Microbial Interactions: Their role in maintaining sustainable and natural ecosystems. Forest Pines Hotel, nr Brigg, orth Lincolnshire, UK; 2013. Abstract

The use of potent and effective live microbial biofertilisers in agricultural has significant
potential to reduce the costs of crop production and in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions
and water pollution associated with excessive fertiliser use. Many plant associated
bacteria possess plant growth promotion traits. However, when used as plant inoculants
these bacteria often do not result in statistically significant plant growth promotion. This
paper describes the screening process used to identify a number of endophytic strains
with multiple plant growth promotion traits and effective plant colonisation ability in
Brassica napus crops.

Ruhiu S. "Capability Approach Based ICT-for-Poverty Reduction Framework.". In: IFIP 9.4 12 th International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries. Ocho Rios, Jamaica; 2013. Abstract

In the last number of years, many have looked to ICTs to enable the reduction of poverty. A lot of resources have been expended by international organizations, donors and governments in ICT4D and ICT-for-poverty reduction initiatives. The results have been mixed with many of the initiatives having negligible or negative.
Many explanations for this have been given but some have suggested that the way that the projects are carried out is problematic. One of the approaches that have had great promise for development and poverty reduction is Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach (CA). This paper uses the approach to define poverty, poverty reduction and specify a framework for conceptualizing, designing, developing and evaluating poverty reduction initiatives. CA is deliberately incomplete and requires a lot of information to make it operational. Alkire’s has specified a framework for operationalizing CA for poverty reduction. This paper uses that framework to specify a framework for poverty reduction using ICTs. In acknowledgement of the importance of agency in CA, the proposed framework the central role played by the poor community in the conception and design of the project. It lays out the process of the design and implementation of the project and the role the poor community plays, while specifying the roles of the different players in the project.

KYALO DN, RUTERE JW. "The attitude of Inmates and Adult Education Custodians Towards Post Literacy Programs in Government Prisons, Nairobi, Kenya’ .". In: ODL conference on Utilization of Open And Distance Learning in Addressing Educational Challenges in Kenya Towards Fulfillment of the Vision 2030. Kikuyu Campus, UoN; 2013.
B" "KA, R" "KJ, Amin" "M, E" "CJ. "Vulval- perineal giant condylomata( Buschke Lowenstein tumor) in HIV infected women: case report.". In: Kenya Obstetrics and Gynecology Society 37th Conference. Sirikwa, Eldoret; 2013.
Ndiritu A, RUGENDO CAROLINE, Chandi J, Keiyoro P, Mbwesa J. "The effect of Reading skills on academic performance of Distance learners: A case of the University of Nairobi Distance Learners."; 2013. Abstract

Vision 2030 reveals the magnitude of wastage in the transition from secondary to University Education. It notes that secondary school enrolment has risen from 112,229 in the 2006/2007 academic year to 118,239 in 2007/2008 academic year; the passage to university is at 3 percent. To raise the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of university students from the present 3 per cent to the projected 15 per cent, the government must continue increasing the number of students joining higher education from 130,000 (2008) to 450,000 (2015). This can be done by expanding the capacities of existing universities through establishment of new courses in Distance Education. The university of Nairobi school of continuing and distance education runs a course in distance education. It has been observed that many students fail to score a total of 40% in a given course and they re-sit the failed units. The failure rate goes up to 63% with 27% out of 38% cases, which is a very high failure rate. High failure rate and the ever increasing time taken to graduate is a chronic problem in Distance learning. One of the reasons why there could be poor performance is lack of quality time in reading. It is therefore worth knowing how efficiency in distance learning can be enhanced. To find out the effect of reading skills on academic performance a study was carried out. A total number of 650 students were selected using stratified random sampling technique. This sample was taken from 4,500 University of Nairobi students who were registered for B.Ed degree in different levels of study in the school of continuing and distance Education. A mixed mode method approach was used in data collection. Correlational research design was employed in data analysis. Pearson correlations were used to establish if there was a relationship between reading skills and academic performance. The analysis indicated a strong relationship between reading skills and academic [r= 0.569]. The value of r2 =0.324, indicated that reading skills accounts for about 32.4% of the variation in average performance.
Key words reading skills:, Distance Learning

Blϋmmel M;, Toye P;, Mwai OA;, Wright I;, Randolph T;, Staal S. "Importance of livestock and the technological and policy challenges facing the development of livestock in Africa."; 2013.
Cornish LA, Shongwe MB, Odera B, Odusote JK, Witcomb MJ, Chown LH, Rading GO, Papo MJ. "Update on the development of platinum-based alloys for potential high-temperature applications. .". In: Proceedings of Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Platinum 2012 Conference. Sun City, South Africa; 2012.
ODERA BO, Cornish LA, Papo MJ, Rading GO. "Microstructural investigation of some as-cast alloys of the Pt-Cr-V system.". In: Proceedings of the Ferrous and Base Metals Development Network Conference. Magaliesburg, South Africa; 2012.
Risper Orero, Winnie Mitullah, Preston Chitere, Dorothy McCormick, Ommeh. M. "Assessing Progress with the Implementation of the Public Transport Policy in Kenya.". In: 31st Southern African Transport Conference. Pretoria, South Africa; 2012.
Preston Chitere, Dorothy McCormick, Risper Orero, Winnie Mitullah, Ommeh. M. "Public Road Transport Services in the City of Nairobi, Kenya: A Case Study of the Potential for Their Conversion into a Hybrid Transport Mode.". In: Southern Africa Transport Conference. Pretoria, South Africa; 2012.
Winnie Mitullah, Preston Chitere, Dorothy McCormick, Risper Orero, Ommeh. M. "‘Paratransit Operations and Regulation in Nairobi: Matatu Business Strategies and the Regulatory Regime.’ Paper presented at the Southern African Transport Conf." Nairobi - Silver Springs Hotel; 2012.
MONARI FRONICA, Andollo AA, Rambo DCM. "Influence of Quality Management Systems on Service Provision in the University of Nairobi, Kenya.". In: African International Business and Mnagement (AIBUMA). Nairobi, Kenya; 2012.
Maina S;, Miano DW;, Runo SM;, Njiru PN;, John I;, Mbogo E. "Partial Nucleotide Sequences Of Sweet Potato Leaf Curl Virus Occurring In Kenya And Its Phylogenetic Relationship With Other Members Of Begomoviruses."; 2012. Abstract

Sweet potato leaf curl virus has been reported in different sweet potato growing regions of Kenya. Partial nucleotide sequences of Kenyan Sweet potato leaf curl virus isolates were compared with other isolates from different parts of the world. Sequences from ORFs AV1 (in the virion sense) and ORFs AC1, AC2, and AC4 (in the complementary sense) were analyzed using OMEGA 5 software. Samples from Central, and Coast Kenya were closely related to isolates from Spain and India with nucleotide sequence identities that varied from 61 to 96%. AV1 sequences of four samples from central were related with over 92% nucleotide sequence identity. AC2 fragments of Isolates from Western and Coast had 95% and 96% nucleotide sequence identity and amino acid sequence identity respectively indicating that the AC2 protein may have had common ancestry. The study reports the first partial sequences of begomovirus infecting sweet potato inform different parts of Kenya and their phylogenetic relationship with other begomoviruses from other parts of the world.

Hannah H;, Kimani T;, Irungu P;, Grace D;, Randolph T. "Participatory disease surveillance: Cost effectiveness relative to passive surveillance in Kajiado County, Kenya."; 2012. Abstract

Effective surveillance for infectious diseases is an essential and resource-consuming activity for mitigating unwanted consequences for animal and public health. Allocation of scarce resources for surveillance must be considered against alternative prevention and control measures and regularly reviewed. Few studies estimate cost-effectiveness and benefits of different animal disease surveillance approaches and systems. In this study, we considered the benefits and resource costs of participatory epidemiology (PE) surveys and participatory disease surveillance (PDS) compared with routine passive surveillance. Focusing on a 6-month interval in a primarily pastoralist district in Kenya, basic performance indicators for surveillance measured were (1) number of outbreaks; (2) number of samples generated from suspected outbreaks; (3) number of positive laboratory confirmations. Costs of passive surveillance and interventions mounted were determined for the 6-month interval. In the same district, PE surveys were conducted in randomly selected communities to determine the number of outbreaks of notifiable cattle diseases in the same 6-month interval. Additional information was collected on the scale of morbidity and mortality for historical outbreaks (numbers and duration), the value of individual animals and the number of active outbreaks. Costs associated with mounting PE visits were ascertained and extrapolated to district level. One month after completion of PE visits, district level stakeholders were interviewed to determine the response, if any, to outbreaks detected during the visits. The study provides cost effectiveness estimates at a district level for the 6-month interval, including losses which occurred from outbreaks missed by passive surveillance and costs if PE were applied at regular intervals. In addition, the findings consider available prevention and control responses and provide decision-makers with evidence to inform future application of participatory approaches in animal disease surveillance.

ODERA BO, Cornish LA, Shongwe MB, Rading GO, Papo MJ. "A study of some as-cast and heat treated alloys of the Pt-Al-V system at the Pt-rich corner.". In: Proceedings of the ZrTa New Metals Development Network Conference at Mount Grace Country House and Spa, Magaliesburg. The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Advanced Metals Initiative; 2011.
Rudebjer P, Chakeredza S, Dansi A, Ekaya W, Ghezae N, Aboagye LM, Kwapata M, Njoroge K, Padulosi S. "Beyond commodity crops: Strengthening young scientists’ capacity for research on underutilized species in Sub-Saharan Africa.". In: 2nd International Symposium on Underutilised Plant Species. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 2011.
ODERA BO, Cornish LA, Rading GO, Papo MJ. "Solidification projection of the Pt-Al-V system at the Pt-rich corner.". In: Proceedings of the Microscopic Society of Southern Africa Conference. Pretoria, South Africa; 2011.
Mureithi SM, Njoka JT, Gachene CKK, Verdoodt A, Warinwa F, Ranst VE. "Impact of rehabilitated sites on herbivore dynamics in a livestock-wildlife interface in Laikipia, Kenya. CBD Technical Series. 62. p.78-80.". In: CBD SBSTTA 15 - Fifteenth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice. Montreal, Canada: Rangeland Ecology & Management; 2011. Abstract

Refer Website

Risper Orero, Winnie Mitullah, Preston Chitere, Dorothy McCormick, Ommeh. M. "Paratransit Operations and Institutions in Nairobi.". In: 30th Southern African Transport. South Africa; 2011.
Preston Chitere, Dorothy McCormick, Winnie Mitullah, Risper Orero, Ommeh. M. "Paratransit Operations in Nairobi: Development of Their Routes and Termini, 30th Southern African Transport Conference,." Pretoria, South Africa; 2011.
Winnie Mitullah, Preston Chitere, Dorothy McCormick, Risper Orero, Ommeh. M. "‘Paratransit Business Strategies: A Bird’s Eye View of Matatus in Nairobi.’ Paper presented at the Southern African Transport Conference,." Pretoria, South Africa; 2011.

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