Mapenay, I. M. Kikuvi, GM., Mitema, E. S and Ombui, J. N (2006). Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli Isolated from Healthy Animals in Kenya. The Kenya Veterinarian 30(1): 22 -26.

Citation:
NYARONGI PROFOMBUIJ. "Mapenay, I. M. Kikuvi, GM., Mitema, E. S and Ombui, J. N (2006). Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli Isolated from Healthy Animals in Kenya. The Kenya Veterinarian 30(1): 22 -26.". In: The Kenya Veterinarian 30(1): 22 -26. University of Nairobi Press; 2006.

Abstract:

Antimicrobial resistance profile of 204  Escherichia coli isolates of bovine, swine and poultry origin to eight (8) antimicrobial agents was studied. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests were determined using the disk diffusion technique. Full sensitivity to all the eight antimicrobial agents in the test panel was observed in 46 % of all isolates. Resistance to at least one antimicrobial was observed in 10% of the isolates, while multi-drug resistance (resistance to two or more antibiotics) was observed in 26% of the isolates. Generally, resistance was significantly higher for isolates from swine and poultry than in cattle. The overall prevalence was 22% for sulphamethoxazole, 21% for cotrimoxazole, 19% for  ampicillin, 14% for tetracycline, 9% for stretomycin, 4.4% for chloramphenicol and 2.5% for kanamycin. No resistance was observed for gentamycin. It was concluded from the study that healthy food animals form a reservoir of multiple resistant E. coli which may be transmitted to  humans through the food chain. Thus, continued surveillance of E. coli obtained from food production continuum is merited to identify emerging antimicrobial-resistant phenotypes.

Notes:

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