Kikuvi, GM., Ombui, JN., Mitema, SE and Schwarz, S. (2007). Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella serotypes Isolated from Slaughter Animals in Kenya. East African Medical Journal, 84(5):233-239.

Citation:
NYARONGI PROFOMBUIJ. "Kikuvi, GM., Ombui, JN., Mitema, SE and Schwarz, S. (2007). Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella serotypes Isolated from Slaughter Animals in Kenya. East African Medical Journal, 84(5):233-239.". In: East African Medical Journal, 84(5):233-239. University of Nairobi Press; 2007.

Abstract:

Objectives: To isolate Salmonella from food animals and characterize the antimicrobial resistance of the isolates.
Design: A random sampling of slaughter animals was carried out
Setting: Department of Public Health, pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Nairobi, Kenya and Institute for Animal Breeding, Neusatadt- Mariensee, Germany.
Subjects: Two hundred and eighty five samples, including faecal samples and carcass, cloacal and pharyngeal swab samples were analysed.
Results: Sixteen (5.6%) of 285 samples were positive for Salmonella enterica sub-species enterica serovars, namely Saintpaul (S. saintpaul), Braenderup (S. Braenderup), and Heidelberg (S. Heidelbebrg) were identified with S. Saintpaul being the predominant serovar. Antimicrobial resistance was found in 35.7% of all the isolates. The S. Heidelberg  isolates were susceptible to all antimicrobial agents tested. Multidrug resistance was found in 7.1 % of the resistant Salmonella isolates.  Plasmids were only detected in S. Heidelberg. Ampicillin resistance was based on expression of blaTEM gene, while chloramphenicol, streptomycin and tetracycline resistance were encoded by the genes catA1, strA and tet(A) respectively.
Conclusion: Pigs may serve as reservoirs of antimicrobial resistant salmonella and slaughterhouse cross-contamination of pork may be a food safety risk. We recommended that slaughterhouse hygiene be improved to minimise contamination of pig carcasses.

Notes:

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