Application of Geographic Information Systems in Groundwater Prospecting: A Case Study of Garissa County, Kenya.

Citation:
Muhwanga CN, Obiero JPO, Karanja FN. "Application of Geographic Information Systems in Groundwater Prospecting: A Case Study of Garissa County, Kenya." Journal of Geographic Information System. 2018;10:439-460.

Abstract
Groundwater prospecting in Kenya has been haphazard and expensive due to
lack of information on the appropriate areas for hydrogeological exploration
and drilling of boreholes. Drilling in areas without prior knowledge about their groundwater potential has been leading to the drilling of numerous dry boreholes. In this study, we explored the use of Geographic Information System as a pre-analysis tool to identify zones with groundwater potential for
Garissa Country. Factors that contributed to groundwater occurrence wereidentified as landcover, soil type and rock formation. The groundwater potential zones were generated by analysing thematic data of the three factors and integrating the musing Weighted Index Overlay Analysis (WIOA) method. The groundwater potential zones were validated by comparing the predicted potentials with actual yields of existing boreholes drilled within those areas. Results indicate that, whereas the model correctly predicted areas with low or no groundwater potential, it performed sparingly well when predicting areas with good groundwater potential. The study conclusively identified areas where groundwater prospecting should not be attempted and other alternative methods of surface water provision should be explored.

Keywords
Groundwater, Geographic Information Systems, Weighted Index Overlay

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