Optimization of C/N Ratio For Mesophilic Anaerobic Digestion From Food Wastes Found In Nairobi A Lab-Scale Case Study

Citation:
Mwaniki JM, Mwazighe F, Masimba DM. "Optimization of C/N Ratio For Mesophilic Anaerobic Digestion From Food Wastes Found In Nairobi A Lab-Scale Case Study." Journal of Kenya Chemical Society. 2016;Vol. 9(1):63-81.

Abstract:

Extensive work has been done on Anaerobic digestion of single substrates and using codigestion.
In a number of cultures around the world, the wastes that are discarded as
household waste may not easily fit in the biogas models that have been developed so far. It is
therefore necessary to analyse the biogas produced from food mixtures found in unique
settings and compare them with literature values of individual substrates. In the current study,
food mixture found at waste bin at a cafeteria used by StudentsofUniversity of Nairobiwas
analysed. The purposes of this study were to investigate adjusted modes of substrate pretreatment
(Mechanical, thermal and thermo-chemical) and their role in maximizing the
process of anaerobic digestion through speeding up hydrolysis. The experiments were carried
out on waste samples consisting of carbohydrate food waste (ugali+Rice),potato peels, banana
peels and a mixture of the substrates mixed with rumen slurry in the ratio 3:1 under controlled
mesophilic anaerobic conditionsin the lab scale digester. Thermo-chemical pre-treatment was
the most effective for speeding up hydrolysis with the co digested substrates producing
maximum biogas. The desired C:N ratio of 31 was obtained when all the four substrates were
combined. Similarly, the biogas produced from the mixture of the four substrates was higher
than from any of the substrates.

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