Factors affecting yield of essential oil from Clevenger distillation of chamomile flowers

Citation:
Mwaniki JM, Kamau GN. "Factors affecting yield of essential oil from Clevenger distillation of chamomile flowers." International Journal of BioChemiPhysics. 2003;Vol.11&12(1&2):27-31.

Abstract:

Ground Flowers of Matricaria Recutita (German Chamomile) Banat Variety grown in Kenya, were subjected to Clevenger distillation under varying temperature, distillation, pressure conditions and the yields assessed. An inert solvent being present in the collecting column of the Clevenger apparatus increases the yield of the oil by reducing dispersion of the blue oil; its presence however, in the distillation flask inhibits the production of the essential oil. Distillation under reduced pressure leads to a decrease in the yield of the oil produced. A break in distillation time especially during the first three hours of distillation also leads to a decrease in the yield of the oil produced.

Notes:

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