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KABUBO-MARIARA J, R. M, DiFalco S. "The Impact of Climate Change on Food Calorie Production and Nutritional Poverty: Evidence from Kenya.". In: CSAE 2016 Conference on Economic Development in Africa. St. Catherine's College, Oxford, UK; 2016.
Ferrier S, Ninan KN, Leadley P, Alkemade R, Acosta LA, Akcakaya HR, Brotons L, Cheung WWL, Christensen V, Harhash KA, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Lundquist C, Obersteiner M, Pereira HM, Peterson G, Pichs-Madruga R, Ravindranath N, Rondinini C, Wintle BA. The methodological assessment report on scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Bonn, Germany: IPBES; 2016.2016.methodological_assessment_report_scenarios_models.pdf
Ferrier S, Ninan KN, Leadley P, Alkemade R, Acosta-Michlik L, Akçakaya HR, KABUBO-MARIARA J. "Summary for policymakers of the assessment report of the methodological assessment of scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services.". In: Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, IPBES Secretariat. Bonn, Germany; 2016.
Fuente D, Gatua JG, Ikiara M, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Mwaura M, Whittington D. "Water and sanitation service delivery, pricing, and the poor: An empirical estimate of subsidy incidence in Nairobi, Kenya." Water Resources Research. 2016;(doi:10.1002/2015WR018375).
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Kiriti-Nganga TW. "The Impact of Social Protection on the Welfare of Vulnerable Communities in East Africa: A Case Study from Kenya.". In: IDRC.; 2013. Abstract

The study was conducted to investigate the role of social protection on the welfare of vulnerable groups in Kenya. The study examined the various types of shocks and risks experienced by vulnerable groups and the strategies employed to address different types of shocks. The study further investigated the impact of social protection on enterprise development and asset accumulation by women and on children’s schooling outcomes. A sample consisting of 968 households from Thika District and Starehe and Kibera Districts in Nairobi was interviewed between October and December 2011. Descriptive analyses, probit models, and ordered probit models were used to achieve the objectives of the study.

The results show that the main shocks affecting households were: economic shocks - high prices for goods and inputs, low prices of farm produce, unemployment, and business failures; life cycle shocks - death of family member or household head or cash earner; and natural shocks - drought. The main coping strategies adopted in response to shocks were formal and informal social protection, consumption adjustment, putting in more hours of work, and establishing/operating a business. The results further suggest that social protection in the form of the Orphans and Vulnerable Children Cash Transfer and the Old Persons’ Cash Transfer programmes reduced the probability of experiencing natural and economic shocks by the households. Cash transfers and informal social protection also played a significant role both in enterprise development and the promotion of enterprises that were owned or operated by women. Cash transfers favoured asset accumulation by women and enhanced children’s school enrolment and attendance. The other factors that influenced household and individual welfare outcomes were urban residence and the gender, level of education, and age of the household head. Overall, the results show that cash transfers impact on standards of living and provide poor and vulnerable households with basic needs (food, health, and education).

The results of the study point to a number of policy issues. First, there is need to raise the amounts given in cash transfers and to expand coverage among the vulnerable groups. Second, complementary interventions and strategies should be enhanced to further protect the poor and vulnerable segments of the society from shocks and vulnerability. Third, there is need to sensitise people on the importance of participating in informal social protection arrangements in order to escape poverty. Fourth, Community-Based Organisations and Non-Governmental Organisations should mobilise the poor and vulnerable in rural areas to fight poverty and vulnerability. Fifth, graduation and exit strategies should be designed and implemented to reduce dependency on cash transfers. Finally, there is need to pursue complementary policies for fighting poverty and vulnerability including asset accumulation, enhanced education, and rural development strategies.

Key words: Social protection, Poverty, Vulnerability, Shocks, Enterprise Development, Asset Accumulation, Education, Kenya.

JEL: I1, I2, I3, D1, H5

KABUBO-MARIARA J, Kirii DM, Ndeng’e GK. "Pro-poor Growth, Inequality, and Institutions in Kenya.". In: Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Confronting the Challenges of a Better Life for all Africa IAD Spring 2013 Symposium in Honor of Erik Thorbecke, H.E. Babcock Professor Emeritus of Economics. Cornell University; 2013.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Wambugu A, Musau S. Counting and Multidimensional Child Poverty Measurement in Kenya. PEP and University of Nairobi; 2013.
Grainger A, Wong G, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Mbuvi D, Low PK, Low PS. "Economic and Social Impacts Assessment of DLDD. Chapter 2 .". In: Economic and social impacts of desertification, land degradation and drought. White Paper I. UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference, prepared with the contributions of an international group of scientists; 2013.unccd_white_paper_1.pdfunccd_key_findings_policy_implications_and_recommendations_of_wp_i.pdf
KABUBO-MARIARA JANE. "Forest-poverty nexus: Exploring the contribution of forests to rural livelihoods in Kenya." Natural Resources Forum. . 2013;DOI: 10.1111/1477-8947.12003.(Article first published online: 22 JAN 2013 ).
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Wambugu A, ARAAR A. Measurement and Correlates of Multidimensional Poverty: Application to Child Wellbeing in Kenya. PEP and University of Nairobi; 2013.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, ARAAR A, DUCLOS J-Y. "Multidimensional Poverty and Child Well-being in Kenya." Journal of Developing Areas. . 2013;47(2):109-137 .
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Beukering V. "Tenure security and ecosystem service provisioning in Kenya.". In: Nature's Wealth: The Economics of Ecosystem Services and Poverty. Cambridge University Press; 2013.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Karienyeh MM, Kabubo F. "Child Survival and Policy Options in Kenya: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys." Journal of Reviews on Global Economics. 2012;1:13-26.jrgev1a2.pdf
KABUBO-MARIARA J, M.M. KARIENYE, F.M. KABUBO. "Child Survival, Poverty and Inequality in Kenya: Does Physical Environment Matter?" African Journal of Social Sciences. 2012;2(1):65-84.ajss_manuscript.pdf
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Nyangena W. "Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Options of Farming Households: Empirical Evidence from Kenya. Chapter 5 .". In: Natural Resource Management and Climate Change in Africa. Vol. 3: Climate Change. African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) & Moran (E.A.) Publishers; 2012.
Kirori GN, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Kiriti-Nganga TW. "(2011). Rural Livelihoods in Kenya: The Role of Social Capital." Journal of International Business & Finance. 2011;3(1):1-27.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Linderhof V, Kruseman G. "Does Land Tenure Security Matter for Investment in Soil and Water Conservation? Evidence From Kenya." African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics- AFJARE. 2011;4(2):123-139.
KABARA M, KABUBO-MARIARA J. "Global Warming in the 21st Century: The Impact on Agricultural Production in Kenya. In J.M. Cossia (Ed.). Chapter 8 (199-214) .". In: Global Warming in the 21st Century. NEW YORK: Nova Science Publishers; 2011.
Kirori GN, J. K-M, T.W. N’ang’a. "Impacts of Social Capital on Household Consumption Expenditure in Rural Kenya: An Instrumental Variable Approach." International Journal of Afro Asian Studies.. 2011;2(1):15-33.
KABUBO-MARIARA J. Soil Conservation and Crop Productivity in Kenya: The role of Institutional Isolation. CEEPA Discussion Paper No. 49, . Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa, University of Pretoria.; 2011.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, V. LINDERHOF. "Tenure Security and Incentives for Sustainable Land Management: A Case Study from Kenya. Chapter 4(51-63).". In: Bluffstone R. and G. Köhlin (Eds.). Agricultural Investments, Livelihoods and Sustainability in East African Agriculture. Washington D.C. : Resources for the Future (RFF) Press; 2011.
Cockburn J, KABUBO-MARIARA J. Child Welfare in Developing countries ISBN 978-1-4419-6337-6. New York: Springer/PEP/IDRC ; 2010.
Cockburn J, KABUBO-MARIARA J. "Child Welfare in Developing Countries: An Introduction. Chapter 1 in Cockburn J. and J. Kabubo-Mariara (Eds.).ISBN 978-1-4419-6337-6.". In: Child Welfare in Developing countries. New York: Springer/PEP/IDRC; 2010.
Fonta WM, Ichoku HE, KABUBO-MARIARA J. "The Effect of Protest Zeros on Estimates of Willingness to Pay in Healthcare Contingent Valuation Analysis." Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. 2010;8(4):225-37.
Molua EL, Benhin J, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Ouedraogo M, El-Marsafawy S. "Global Climate Change and Vulnerability of African Agriculture: Implications for Resilience and Sustained Productive Capacity." Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture. 2010;49(3):183-211.Website
KABUBO-MARIARA J, KARIENYE M, MWANGI FK. "Multidimensional Poverty, Survival and Inequality among Kenyan Children. Chapter 2.". In: Cockburn J. and J. Kabubo-Mariara (Eds.).Child Welfare in Developing countries . New York: Springer/PEP/IDRC; 2010.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Massawe S, Wanjiku J, Karugia J. Poverty Reduction Initiatives in the COMESA Region. Mimeo, ReSAKSS/ILRI, Nairobi..; 2010.Website
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Linderhof V, Kruseman G. "Poverty-environmental links: the impact of soil and water conservation and tenure security on household welfare in Kenya." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 2010;2(1):41-53.mariara_jdae_manuscript.pdf
KABUBO-MARIARA J. "Adaptation to Climate Change and Livestock Biodiversity: Evidence from Kenya. .". In: K.N.Ninan (ed.): “Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity: Economic, Social and Institutional Challenges in the New Millennium”. Chapter 16:(345-369. London: Earthscan Publishers; 2009.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Mwabu D, Ndenge G. "Analyzing the Correlates of Poverty in Kenya: An Institutional Approach." African Journal of Economic Policy. 2009;16(1):1-35.Website
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Ndenge G, Mwabu D. "Determinants of children’s nutritional status in Kenya: evidence from demographic and health surveys." Journal of African Economies. 2009;18(13):363-387.Website
KABUBO-MARIARA J. "Global warming and livestock husbandry in Kenya: Impacts and adaptations.". In: Ecological Economics. Vol. 68.; 2009:.
KABUBO-MARIARA J. "The Labour Market in Kenya: Structure, Reforms and the Role of Government. Chapter 7: (150-184).". In: M.S. Gupta (ed.) Labour and Rural Development. Serials Publications; 2009.
KABUBO-MARIARA J, Ndenge G, Mwabu D. "Evolution and Determinants of Non-monetary Indicators of Poverty in Kenya: Children." University of Nairobi Press; 2007.
K. DRMARIARAJANEWANJIKU. "Kiriti-Ng.". In: Ninth Annual Global Development Conference "Security for Development: Confronting Threats to Survival and Safety"; Brisbane, Australia. January 29-31, 2008. 2007; 2007.
Mwabu GM;, Masai WS;, Gesami R;, Kirimi JB;, Ndenge G;, Kiriti T;, KABUBO-MARIARA J. "Poverty in Kenya: Profiles and Determinants.". 200.Website

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