Oerke, E. C, Meier, A., Lienemann, G., and Muthomi, J. 2002. Incidence and control of Fusarium species causing head blight in the Rhineland, Germany. Pages 32-44 in: Wissenschaftlichen Fachtagung: Fusarium-befall and Mykotoxinbelastung von Getreide Schadv

Citation:
W DRMUTHOMIJAMES. "Oerke, E. C, Meier, A., Lienemann, G., and Muthomi, J. 2002. Incidence and control of Fusarium species causing head blight in the Rhineland, Germany. Pages 32-44 in: Wissenschaftlichen Fachtagung: Fusarium-befall and Mykotoxinbelastung von Getreide Schadv.". In: Wissenschaftlichen Fachtagung, Landwirtschaftliche Fakult. Landwirtschaftliche Fakult; 2002.

Abstract:

Fusarium culmorum is an important pathogen of wheat causing seedling blight, foot rot, and head blight (FHB) or scab. The pathogen is dominant in cooler areas like north, central and western Europe. The fungus reproduces asexually by means of conidia, which form the main mode of dispersal. Head blight is by far the most serious concern of Fusarium infection on pre-harvest wheat and other small grain cereals. The significance of F. culmorum in wheat production is attributed to both head blight and mycotoxin contamination of the grain harvested from infected ears. Ear infection mainly occurs during anthesis and is favoured by wet weather or high humidity and warm temperatures. The major mycotoxins produced by F. culmorum are deoxynivalenol, nivalenol and zearalenone, which are a potential health hazard for both humans and animals. The mycotoxins, especially deoxynivalenol, are believed to play a role in disease development. Available options of managing Fusarium head blight include use of fungicides, cultural practices, resistant varieties and biological agents. However, no wheat variety is completely resistant to Fusarium head blight while fungicides are at most 70% effective against natural infection. This review seeks to document and infer information on F. culmorum, with special emphasis on wheat head blight infection process, mechanisms of mycotoxin production, the role the mycotoxins play in pathogenesis, and the possible management options.

Notes:

n/a

Website

UoN Websites Search