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K’Odhiambo AK, Gunga SO, Ngesu LM, Muriithi EM, Wachira LN. "iv) Contributions of women to the philosophy of education: Hermeneutics of the proverbs." International Journal of Education and Research. 2013.
K’Odhiambo DAK, Khanani BS, Njogu GN. "Hermeneutics of Pythagoreanism in relation to the historicity of holistic African philosophy of education that starts from Egypt." International Journal of Education and Research. 2015;Vol. 3(No. 2):311-324.
K’OBONYO PROFPETERO, MONARI FRONICA, ANDOLLO AGNESSANYANGO. "The Influence of Time Management Tendencies on the Relationship Between Employee Empowerment and Organizational Performance: A Study of the University of Nairobi Employees.". In: AIBUMA. Vol. n/a.; 2012:. Abstract

Abstract
The main objective of this study was to determine the influence of time management tendencies on the relationship between employee empowerment and organizational performance. Preference-driven variations in the temporal pattern of employees’ activities affect their strategic decision processes and, consequently firm performance. It is potentially beneficial to understand the differences in workplace attitudes and behaviors which affect use of time so that the "right" mix of individuals may be hired to fit an organization’s situation. The present study was informed by Attention-based theory and the theory of reasoned action. This was a survey of the University of Nairobi. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used for the selection of respondents for the study. Service quality, rate of innovation and employee satisfaction were used measure to organizational performance. The results showed that efforts that University management has made to empower employees have not been successful. Organizational empowerment practices that have a significant impact on time management tendencies were found to be management’s commitment to organizational feedback, management’s emphasis on a congenial and friendly atmosphere, its emphasis on greater cooperation, teamwork, and support, and a free and open communication environment. There was negative relationship between the rate of innovation and employees being forced to complete their work within time allocated. Monochronic tendencies were positively and significantly correlated with organizational performance while the polychronic orientation had positive significant correlation with customer satisfaction.

K’Akumu OA. "Evaluation of housing statistics in Kenya.". 2006. AbstractWebsite

This paper reviews published official statistics in Kenya. It begins with a theoretical study of statistics in general and housing statistics in particular. From here it undertakes a comparative study of housing statistics in other countries especially the US for which statistical programmes are found to be comprehensive, objective oriented and rational. The review proceeds to the Kenyan scene, where in contrast, statistical programmes are found to be unfocussed, at times erroneous, irrelevant, incomplete, or stale, and generally deficient. This deficiency is observed to have serious implications for policy decision making, housing development, housing investment, capacity building, and policy analysis. In this regard proposals are made for development of statistical system for Kenya whose main feature should include a housing statistics strategy. Recommendations are also made for institutional development for housing statistics.

K’Akumu OA, Jones, B; Yang J. "Factor analysis of the marketenvironment for artisanal dimension stone in Nairobi, Kenya.". 2013. AbstractWebsite

This paper reports on a study involving the market environment for artisanal dimension stone in Nairobi, Kenya. Taking the point of view of exchange relationships within a market systems framework it maps out economic interactions involving actors in this market such as suppliers of raw materials, producers, marketers and users of artisanal dimension stone. This strategy enabled the study to understand the enabling environment for the production and use of artisanal dimension stone that is characterized by the following factors: a rising population that sustains the demand for the built environment products, a vibrant construction market, building regulations that favour the use of stone, availability of cheap and abundant unskilled labour and low standards of stone finish involved, availability of natural rock, a regulatory system that can compromise, lack of support by government institutions and an informal system of transaction that is non-compliant with conventional requirements such as labour and environmental laws but ensures ease of entry into the market environment. Such understanding brings potential for rectifying the negative perceptions about this market environment through policy development and change

Kyuvi EM, Ogolla K. "FACTORS DETERMINING THE SLOW GROWTH OF REVENUE OF INSURANCE BROKERAGE FIRMS IN KENYA." International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship . 2013;1(7):296-303.kyuvi_and_ogollah_2013.pdf
Kyuma RK, Wahome RG, Kinama JM, Wasonga VO. "Temporal relationship between climate variability, Prosopis juliflora invasion and livestock numbers in the drylands of Magadi, Kenya." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2016;10(4):129-140.
Kyuma RK, Wahome RG, Kinama JM, Wasonga VO. "Temporal relationship between climate variability, Prosopis juliflora invasion and livestock numbers in the drylands of Magadi, Kenya." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2016;10:129-140. Abstract
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Kyule MD. The Sirikwa Culture: New evidence from Hyrax Hill. , Department of History, Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya ed. Njoro; 1992.
Kyule MD. "Ecological and behavioural implications of early Later Stone Age Fauna from Ntuka River 3, southwest Kenya.". In: 4th World Archaeological Congress (WAC4). University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa ; 1999.
Kyule MD. "Plant remains from a Sirikwa culture site at Hyrax Hill, Nakuru. Nyame Akuma 36: 8-10 1991, , USA." Nyame Akuma (Publication of the Society for Africanist Archaeologists).. 1992;36:8-10.Website
Kyule MN;, Gathura PB;, Gathuma JM;, McDermott JJJ;, Okelo GBA. "Patterns Of Human Hydatid Disease In Kenya,."; 1992.
Kyule MD. "Aspects of modern human behavior during the late Pleistocene: insights from southwest Kenya.". In: Conference on Current Archaeology and Paleoanthropological research in Kenya . National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; 2003.
Kyule MD. "Ecological and Behavioural implications of early Later Stone Age Fauna from Ntuka River 3, Southwest Kenya.". In: 4th World Archaeological Congress (WAC4) . University of Cape Town, South Africa: Hekima III (1) 27-42; 2002.
Kyule MD. "Teachers' experiences in teaching evolution.". In: Building Bridges between Evolution and Religion. The Prehistory Clubs of Kenya/National Museums of Kenya ; 2011. Abstract

Although prehistory and evolutionary studies are included in the Kenyan secondary school biology and history subjects, lack of consistent up-dating of the syllabi and sheer ignorance by a very large cross-section of teachers has led to paucity of enthusiasm among students towards these subjects. Further, the educators do not have access to up-to-date information emanating from the recent prehistory research. The net effect of this is lack of knowledge and appreciation of prehistory particularly among the youth.

Kyule MD. CTO 203 Hospitality Management. Nairobi; 2008.
Kyule MD, Gona GM. "Introduction to Mizizi Book Project.". In: MIZIZI: Essays in Honor of Prof. Godfrey Muriuki. University of Nairobi Press; 2013. Abstract

in M.D. Kyule and G. Gona (Eds), MIZIZI: Essays in honor of Professor Godfrey Muriuki, Nairobi University Press.

Kyule MD. "Plants remains from a Sirikwa culture site at Hyrax Hill, Nakuru." Nyame Akuma: Publication of the Society for Africanist Archaeologists. 1991;36:8-10. Abstract

This article reports a preliminary examination of plant remains and the tentative implications that have so far been deduced from them. The plant samples were acquired by archaeological excavations at one of the Hyrax Sirikwa sites within Nakuru Municipality, Kenya. Hyrax Hill has numerous prehistoric sites that represent occupations dating as far back as the Neolithic period. Several of the Neolithic sites have been studied (see Leakey 1945, Onyango-Abuje 1977, Merrick 1983). However, of specific relevance to this report are the Sirikwa culture sites that are found in a group throughout the lower northwestern portion of the hill. There are at least 13 of these Sirikwa occurrences comprising about 13 hollows and 13 mounds.

Kyule MD. "Archaeology of Pli-Pleistocene Hominids in Eastern Africa.". In: MIZIZI: Essays in Honor of Prof. Godfrey Muriuki. Nairobi: Nairobi University Press; 2013. Abstract

This paper reviews recent and continuing research undertaken in eastern Africa on aspects that characterize proto-human behavioral patterns. Flaked stone from amongst other places, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, and Koobi Fora, Kenya, represent some of the earliest definite signs of modification of natural materials for use as tools. Fossil fauna from these sites show cut marks and other modification, which establish that hominids were using stone tools on animal tissues as early as the Lower Pleistocene; that hominids acquired meat based foods through scavenging rather than hunting; and that hominids and carnivores were in competition for carcasses and/or bones. Presently, there is no indisputable archaeological evidence for Plio Pleistocene hominid deliberate construction of habitation shelter. However, it is possible that Oldowan hominids may have used their most sophisticated organizational abilities in activities such as foraging, social relations or communication, but employed only simple organizations in the actual manufacture of stone tools.

Kyule MD. CAC 405 Tourism in the Internet Age. Nairobi; 2011.
Kyule MD, Kamau J. Reporting Nyamathi: A Late Stone Age site in the Naivasha Basin, Kenya. Nairobi.: National Museums of Kenya ; 1991. Abstract

This article brings to notice the existence of a Late Stone Age (LSA) archaeological site in the Kinugi area near Naivasha, Kenya. Although no excavations were done, a brief survey of the site was undertaken and exposed surface material collected for examination. Results of the examination, in addition to information on the general surrounding environment at the site are presented.

and Kyule SAMHD. Chronology of the Middle and Later Stone Age, Kenya Rift Valley. Nairobi: Report to the Office of the President, Republic of Kenya, and the National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya ; 2000. Abstract

The ultimate objective of the program of research on the chronology of the Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Early Later Stone Age (LSA) in the southern and central Rift Valley of Kenya is to document the emergence of modern human behavior in East Africa. Archaeological evidence suggests that behavioral innovations that characterize modern human behavior occurred during the later MSA and early LSA in eastern and southern Africa, at an earlier date than in other parts of Africa and the Old World.

Accurate chronometric dates for the MSA and the transition to the LSA will contribute to testing the hypothesis of an East African origin for modern human behavior.

The primary objective of the 1999 field season in the southern Rift Valley was to excavate MSA and Early LSA archaeological occurrences that contain volcanic tephra stratified for Single Crystal Laser Fusion (SCLF) 40Ar/39Ar dating. One paleontological and four archaeological sites were excavated. The paleontological site, apparently a fossil hyena den, contains cut-marked bones.

Two sites have typical MSA occurrences characterized by lithic assemblages with radial cores and faceted platform flakes, made predominantly on locally available lavas. Two sites have artifact occurrences with diagnostic features of both the MSA and LSA, including backed microliths and elongated triangular flakes with faceted platforms from levallois cores, predominantly made on obsidian. These sites have excellent faunal preservation. Twelve stratified tephra were sampled from these five sites. Samples from the four archaeological sites have been submitted for dating
and chemical fingerprinting by Al Deino at the Berkeley Geochronology Center. Three sites also contained ostrich eggshell, permitting dating by amino acid racemization by Gifford Miller.

Three hydroelectric dams will be constructed by KenGen in the heart of the survey area, and river discharge will be increased by diverting a major tributary of the Mara River. Construction will begin in 2001, and be completed by 2006. Many important fossil and archaeological localities will be inundated, so intensive survey and excavations must be undertaken in a timely fashion.

and Kyule LNM. "Parenting dilemma: Kenyan experience." Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS). 2019;6(6):59-61.
Kyule MD, Ambrose SH, Noll MP, Atkinson JL. "Pliocene and Pleistocene sites in southern Narok District, southwest Kenya.". In: Paleoanthropology Society, 6th Annual Meeting. St. Louis, Missouri, USA; 1997.
Kyule MD, Ambrose SH, Noll MP, Atkinson JL. "Pliocene and Pleistocene sites in southern Narok District, southKenya." Journal of Human Evolution 1997, . 1997;32:A9-10. AbstractWebsite

Survey in southwest Kenya above the western margin of the Gregory Rift Valley since 1994 has led to the discovery of LSA, MSA, Acheulean and possible Oldowan occurrences, as well as fossil-bearing sites representative of the early Pliocene. A long sedimentary sequence of airfall and waterlain tuVs, fluvial and lacustrine sediments and paleosols is exposed in the region of the confluence of the Ewaso Ngiro, Narok, Seyabei, Ntuka and Olonganaiyo rivers. At Lemudongo, a total of 278 well-preserved fossil bones and teeth of a variety of species including carnivores, primates, suids, bovids, hippopotamids, crocodilians, hyracoids and rodents, were collected in one day along a 70 m area of sediment outcrop. Three potentially datable tuVs are stratified within this 6 m-thick fossil-bearing paleosol. The presence of Nyanzochoerus kanamensis suggests this locality is older than 2•5 m.y.a. Four Acheulean sites have low densities of handaxes and cleavers, mainly made on phonolite, basalt and quartz. None are clearly in primary context. Excavations at Ntuka River 3 have yielded a long sequence of new Early LSA microblade industries in discrete horizons that have high densities of well-preserved bones and teeth of equids, bovids, micromammals and humans. Paleosol stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis at this site demonstrate substantial environmental changes through time in the 7•5 m sedimentary section. In the Ntuka area, Late Quaternary sediments contain numerous in-situ early and late MSA and early LSA sites with well-preserved faunas, a penecontemporary fossil carnivore den site and other fossil-bearing sites with minimally fragmented faunas associated with low artefact densities. This provides a rare opportunity to compare faunal and lithic resource exploitation patterns through time during the Middle and Early Later Stone Age, and to compare faunal exploitation patterns of humans and carnivores on the same landscape.

Kyule MD. "Overview on Presentation and discussion of report on the General History of Africa Textbook project.". In: Fourth ordinary session of the conference of Ministers of Education of the African Union (COMEDAF- IV). Mombasa, Kenya; 2009.
Kyule MD, Ambrose SH, Hlusko L. "History of Paleontological research in the Narok District of Kenya,." Kirtlandia, Journal of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Ohio, USA. 2007;56:1-37. Abstractkirt-56-00-1.pdfWebsite

The geology of the Narok District of southern Kenya was first studied in the 1960s. From 1994 through 2005 more extensive paleontological and geological research was conducted on a series of late Miocene sediments of the Lemudong’o Formation in the region of Lemudong’o Gorge and Enamankeon where the Ntuka and Narok Rivers merge to form the Uaso Ngiro River. Numerous paleontological sites have been located, however all but one are poorly fossiliferous. The exception is the site of Lemudong’o Locality 1, near the village of Enkorika. Here we describe the geological and paleontological research that has been performed in the entire project area, with detailed information about the paleontology at Lemudong’o Locality 1

Kyule MD. "Excavations at the site of Hyrax Hill, 1990." Kenya Past and Present : Journal of the Kenya Museum Society. 1991;23:50-53.
Kyule MD, Oyamo M. "Cultural resource management in Kenya: a case for legislation review.". In: Kenya from Independence to early 21st century. Nairobi: Nairobi University Press; In Press. Abstract

This paper builds a case for a reconsideration of Kenya’s legislation that relates to cultural and societal heritage resources management by briefly revisiting the circumstances that informed the enactment of the related laws. We present the view that existing legislation has tended to serve corporate, multinational and foreign interests at the expense of local and national interests, and that although these Acts may have somewhat served the country in the past, the legislations have turned the cultural heritage management in Kenya into a lame duck framework of abstractions of policy matters, that are irrelevant and unresponsive to changing local and international circumstances. We highlight contradictions between and within varied Acts, and offer suggestions for remedy that are geared toward the development of a cultural management policy with local ownership and universal compatibility.

Kyule MD. "Fifty years of archaeological research." Kenya Past and Present: Journal of the Kenya Museum Society . 1993;25 :47-53.
Kyule MD. Reconstruction of subsistence economic patterns of the Iron Age Sirikwa, Hyrax Hill, Kenya.. Department of History, University of Nairobi ed. Nairobi, Kenya; 1990.
Kyule MD. Economy and subsistence of Iron Age Sirikwa culture at Hyrax Hill, Nakuru: A Zooarchaeological approach. Koch DC, Mutoro DH, eds. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 1992.
Kyule MD. "Implications of a modification analysis of a Sirikwa faunal assemblage at Hyrax Hill.". In: 12th Biennial meeting of the Society of Africanist Archaeologists (SAFA). Bloomington, Indiana, USA.; 1994.
Kyule MD. "The Sirikwa Economy: Further work at site on Hyrax Hill Nakuru." Azania: Journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa . 1997;32:21-30.
Kyule MN;, Gathura PB;, Gathuma JM;, McDermott JJJ;, Okelo GBA. "Patterns Of Human Hydatid Disease In Kenya,."; 1992.
Kyule MD. "Cultural heritage management: a review case for the Antiquities and Monuments Act (CAP 215) Laws of Kenya (1983).". In: Historical Association of Kenya Conference. Baringo, Kenya; 2004.
Kyule MD. "Savanna ecosystems and origins of modern human behaviour." Hekima (Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Nairobi.. 2005;3(1):27-42. AbstractWebsite

Biotic and abiotic factors interact to influence plant and animal community structures, which in turn, influence human subsistence, land use, mobility, population density, territorial organization and social structure. This paper evaluates the extent to which human behaviors reflect adaptations to environments over time, as well as the relationship between these adaptations and the gradual evolution of human behavior from archaic to modern.

Kyule MD. "The Sirikwa economy: Further work at site II on Hyrax Hill." Azania: Journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa . 1990;32:21-30.
Kyule MD. The Game of Bao in East Africa’s Prehistory. Center for African Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA; 1994.Website
Kyule MD. CAC 202 Archaeology Field Methods. Nairobi: lecture module for the Center for Open and Distance Learning (CODL), University of Nairobi.; 2008.
Kyule MD. "Dogs and the Sirikwa at Hyrax Hill." East Africa Natural History Soc. Bulletin. 1992;22 :34-37.
Kyule MD, Onyango-Abuje JC. "History of Prehistory in the Lake Victoria Basin.". In: MIZIZI: Essays in honor of Professor Godfrey Muriuki. Nairobi: Nairobi University Press; 2013. Abstract

This paper outlines both the archaeological and later prehistoric research that has so far been undertaken on the Kenyan side of the Lake Victoria basin. We introduce the regions current demographic distribution and geophysical setting to provide a background for the various prominent paleoanthropological findings and discoveries in the region. Significant aspects that require further research have also been highlighted.

Kyomuhimbo D, Michira IN, Mwaura FB, Derese S, Feleni U, Iwuoha EI. "Silver-Zinc Oxide nanocomposite Antiseptic Extract of Bidens Pilosa." SN Applied Sciences. 2019;1:681.
Kyany'a C, Eyase F, Odundo E, Kipkirui E, Kipkemoi N, Kirera R, Philip C, Ndonye J, Kirui M, Ombogo A, Koech M, Koech M, Bulimo W. "First report of Entamoeba moshkovskii in human stool samples from symptomatic and asymptomatic participants in Kenya." Trop Dis Travel Med Vaccines. 2019;5:23.kyanya_et_al_2020.pdf
Kyambi J.M., Kasili E.G. OKJNGW. "Wilm's tumor in Kenya." EAMJ. 1981;(58):424.
KYALO DN, Nyonje R. Capacity Development for Secondary School Principals in Kenya.. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktierge Sellschaft & CO.KG, ISBN:978-3-639-349368; 2011.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "From Surveying to Geospatial Engineering: Proposal for New Academic Programs at the University of Nairobi.". In: 5th Africa Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment (AARSE) Conference. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2004. Abstract
Surveying is a profession that finds itself increasingly at major crossroads today. This fact is perhaps best vindicated by the increasingly less number of students who are opting to study surveying as their first-degree choice at university level. The number of postgraduate students is also relatively low. In an effort to address this stark reality as well as re-engineer itself, the Department of Surveying, University of Nairobi is in the process of launching new academic programs at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. This paper traces developments in the curriculum review process at the Department of Surveying, University of Nairobi that began almost a decade ago. A review of the basic principles in curriculum development is presented. The objectives of the above new programs are outlined together with their respective regulations. The course structures for both the undergraduate and postgraduate programs are then presented. A proposal for implementing the new programs is finally outlined before conclusions are drawn.
KYALO DN. "‘Designing a visionated and practionated 8-4-4 system of education in Kenya in the light of patristic education’.". In: Seminar of education . CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF EASTERN AFRICA; 2006.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "The Spatial Approach in the Identification of Tax Evasion on Rental Income: Case study of Umoja and Kileleshwa Estates in Nairobi, Kenya.". In: Journal of Property Tax Assessment & Administration, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 47-59. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2007. Abstract
The analytical and visualization capabilities of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) greatly enhance the communication, understanding and utility of data and information as opposed to when the data is simply presented in form of texts and tables. Combining geospatial methods with conventional marketing techniques enables users to visualize the spatial distribution of data on maps and visualize spatial data in various statistical graphs and diagrams. This may yield more insights into the nature of distributions leading to better understanding of diverse markets. In this study a digital map of the study area is created from which the various market zones are delineated. A multiple regression model for predicting sale of soft drink products is then developed. This takes into account sales figures from specific distribution outlets and demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population served by the distribution outlets for the identified market zones. The study demonstrates the important role that GIS can play in supporting market segmentation.
KYALO DN. "‘Restoring Human Security Through Indigenous Nonviolent Peace Building Strategies’.". In: Workshop on Non-violent Action in Peace Building Organized by PEHS Projects. Silversprings Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya. ; 2011.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Re-Alignment of a Guyed Tower.". In: Survey Review, Vol. 40, pp. 135-141. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2008. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of
KYALO PROFNZIOKACHARLESB. "Co-editors (Bahemuka, J and Nganda, B) Poverty Revisited: Analysis and Strategies towards Poverty Eradication in Kenya.". In: Nairobi: Ruaraka Printing Press. The Cleveland Museum of Natural History; 1998.
KYALO DRDOROTHYNDUNGE. "QUALITATIVE RESERCH PARADIGM: A Remedy to Academic Research Obstacles Kyalo Ndunge and Nyonje Raphael.". In: Sex Transm Dis. 2006 Jun;33(6):361-7.; 2009. Abstract
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KYALO DN, P.D. MATULA, MULWA SA. "LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION: The Role of Active Learning in Redefining Education to detach it from Acquisition of Certificates’.". In: LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION: The Role of Active Learning in Redefining Education to detach it from Acquisition of Certificates’. Kenya Education Management Institute, Nairobi; 2014.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "A Prototype GIS-Based Road Pavement Information and Management System.". In: Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Practice. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2009. Abstract
Poor co-ordination and inefficient flow of information in the Roads Department, Ministry of Roads & Public Works has been a major contributor to inaccuracy in monitoring, management, planning and subsequent development of the road infrastructure in Kenya. The main objective of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in making sound and timely decisions about road pavements to support efficient management of the same. This is achieved by development of a prototype GIS-based pavement management system for the Nairobi Central Business District (CBD) as a case study. The three major results of this study are: (1) a database of spatial and non spatial data that is valuable for pavement management; (2) integration of models for predicting future pavement conditions based on the current conditions; and (3) development of user interfaces for querying and analyzing the database. The system is anticipated to considerably improve the decision-making process involved in managing road pavements.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Wavelet Compression and Data Fusion: An Investigation into the Automatic Classification of Urban Environments Using Colour Photography and Laser Scanning Data.". In: International Conference on Pattern Recognition. Kluwer Academic Publishers; 2000. Abstract
This paper examines the influence of multisensor data fusion on the automatic extraction of topographic objects from SPOT panchromatic imagery. The suitability of various grey level co-occurence based texture measures, as well as different pixel windows is also investigated. It is observed that best results are obtained with a 3x3 pixel window and the texture measure homogeneity. The synthetic texture image derived together with a Landsat TM imagery are then fused with the SPOT data using the additional channel concept. The object feature base is expanded to include both spectral and spatial features. A maximum likelihood classification approach is then applied. It is demonstrated that the segmentation of topographic objects is significantly improved by fusing the multispectral and texture information.
Kyalo MM;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, Njagi LW;, Mutune MN;, Otieno RO;, Gachoka JM;, Musofe PLN;, Bunn D. "Occurrence and lesions associated with Echinostoma revolutum in free-range chickens in Kenya."; 2012.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Multi-Source Data Fusion and Image Compression in Urban Remote Sensing.". In: Doctor of Engineering. Dissertation, University of Karlsruhe. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2001. Abstract
This paper examines the influence of multisensor data fusion on the automatic extraction of topographic objects from SPOT panchromatic imagery. The suitability of various grey level co-occurence based texture measures, as well as different pixel windows is also investigated. It is observed that best results are obtained with a 3x3 pixel window and the texture measure homogeneity. The synthetic texture image derived together with a Landsat TM imagery are then fused with the SPOT data using the additional channel concept. The object feature base is expanded to include both spectral and spatial features. A maximum likelihood classification approach is then applied. It is demonstrated that the segmentation of topographic objects is significantly improved by fusing the multispectral and texture information.
KYALO DN, Kyalo R. The Rate of Return Analysis to Investment in Education: A Comparison between Bachelors Degree and Diploma in Education- Kenya. Germany : VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktierge Sellschaft & CO.KG, ISBN: 978-3-639-35483; 2011.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Texture Analysis and Data Fusion in the Extraction of Topographic Objects from Satellite Imagery.". In: International Journal of Remote Sensing. Vol. 23(4), pp. 767-776. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2002. Abstract
This paper examines the influence of multisensor data fusion on the automatic extraction of topographic objects from SPOT panchromatic imagery. The suitability of various grey level co-occurence based texture measures, as well as different pixel windows is also investigated. It is observed that best results are obtained with a 3x3 pixel window and the texture measure homogeneity. The synthetic texture image derived together with a Landsat TM imagery are then fused with the SPOT data using the additional channel concept. The object feature base is expanded to include both spectral and spatial features. A maximum likelihood classification approach is then applied. It is demonstrated that the segmentation of topographic objects is significantly improved by fusing the multispectral and texture information.
Kyalo, M.M., Mbuthia PG, Maingi, N., Nyaga, P. N., Njagi, L. W., Mutune, M.N., Otieno, R.O, Gachoka, J.M., Musofe PLN, Bunn D. "Occurrence and lesions associated with Echinostoma revolutum in free-range chickens in Kenya.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, CAVS Biannual Conference and 46th KVA Annual Scientific Conference and 12th World Veterinary Day. Nairobi, Kenya; 2012.2012-occurence_of_lesions_associated_with_echinostomum_revolutum_in_free-range_chcickens_in_kenya.pdf
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Integrating Spatial and Dynamic Modelling in Watershed Management through Loose Coupling Techniques.". In: Regional Conference on The Principle of Sustainability: An Interdisciplinary View. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2006. Abstract
This paper discusses a novel approach for delineating watersheds by integrating spatial and dynamic modeling techniques. In particular, loose coupling between ArcMap and CatchmentSim software is demonstrated. The demarcated watershed can then form the basis for designing appropriate conservation works. The above procedure was successfully applied for the Kinze dam catchment area in Machakos district in Kenya. This study also reiterates that local communities can only be expected to participate in and fully support conservation works if they are involved throughout the entire conservation design process.
KYALO DN. "‘Challenges of private university education in African Countries: A comparative Perspective’.". In: Seminar of education and Development . CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF EASTERN AFRICA; 2006.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Using Geoinformatics to Identify Suitable Middle to Long Distance Athletics.". In: International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 473-484. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2007. Abstract
Kenyan athletes have continued to dominate middle and long distance running in the global arena for a very long time now. In this study the use of geoinformation in selecting suitable training sites for endurance running was investigated. The study area chosen was Keiyo district within the Rift Valley province in Kenya, where a considerable number of the top Kenyan athletes reside and train. Different geospatial data sources were used and relevant criteria selected. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) was employed as the basic tool for modeling and analysis. For each of the 11 regions within the study area, weights were allocated to each of the multiple criteria identified. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to determine the overall suitability-ranking index. From the results and analysis performed the regions of Iten, Tambach, Kaptarakwa and Kapkenda respectively were ranked as suitable areas for High-Low training. Kamwosor, Chepkorio, Iten and Kaptarakwa respectively were identified as ideal regions for altitude training. Nyaru and Metkei were determined to be unsuitable for both High-Low and altitude training regimens. The approach formulated in this study can be applied to other areas to enable athletes and coaches identify suitable training sites.
KYALO PROFNZIOKACHARLESB. "The Youth unemployment problem in Kenya In Omari, C.K and Shaidi, L.P (eds) Social Problems in Eastern Africa.". In: Dar-Es- Salaam: University of Dar-es-Salaam Press. The Cleveland Museum of Natural History; 1991.
KYALO DN, RUTERE JW. "The attitude of Inmates and Adult Education Custodians Towards Post Literacy Programs in Government Prisons, Nairobi, Kenya’ .". In: ODL conference on Utilization of Open And Distance Learning in Addressing Educational Challenges in Kenya Towards Fulfillment of the Vision 2030. Kikuyu Campus, UoN; 2013.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Space Technology: Benefits to Mankind.". In: Invited Paper. National Defence College. Karen. Kenya. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2009. Abstract
Poor co-ordination and inefficient flow of information in the Roads Department, Ministry of Roads & Public Works has been a major contributor to inaccuracy in monitoring, management, planning and subsequent development of the road infrastructure in Kenya. The main objective of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in making sound and timely decisions about road pavements to support efficient management of the same. This is achieved by development of a prototype GIS-based pavement management system for the Nairobi Central Business District (CBD) as a case study. The three major results of this study are: (1) a database of spatial and non spatial data that is valuable for pavement management; (2) integration of models for predicting future pavement conditions based on the current conditions; and (3) development of user interfaces for querying and analyzing the database. The system is anticipated to considerably improve the decision-making process involved in managing road pavements.
KYALO DN, OBANDO A. IsimuJamii for secondary schools. Nairobi: Napunyi Publishers; 2006.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Wavelet Compression and the Automatic Classification of Urban Environments using High Resolution Multispectral Imagery and Laser Scanning Data.". In: Journal of Geoinformatica. Kluwer Academic Publishers; 2001. Abstract
This paper examines the influence of multisensor data fusion on the automatic extraction of topographic objects from SPOT panchromatic imagery. The suitability of various grey level co-occurence based texture measures, as well as different pixel windows is also investigated. It is observed that best results are obtained with a 3x3 pixel window and the texture measure homogeneity. The synthetic texture image derived together with a Landsat TM imagery are then fused with the SPOT data using the additional channel concept. The object feature base is expanded to include both spectral and spatial features. A maximum likelihood classification approach is then applied. It is demonstrated that the segmentation of topographic objects is significantly improved by fusing the multispectral and texture information.
KYALO DN, OBANDO A. Fasihi Simulizi for Secondary schools. . Nairobi,: Napunyi publishers,; 2006.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Fusion of Multi-sensor Data and the Automatic Classification of Urban Environments: A Case Study of Colour Aerial Photography and Airborne Laser Scanning Data.". In: South African Journal of Surveying and Geo-information. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2001. Abstract
This paper examines the influence of multisensor data fusion on the automatic extraction of topographic objects from SPOT panchromatic imagery. The suitability of various grey level co-occurence based texture measures, as well as different pixel windows is also investigated. It is observed that best results are obtained with a 3x3 pixel window and the texture measure homogeneity. The synthetic texture image derived together with a Landsat TM imagery are then fused with the SPOT data using the additional channel concept. The object feature base is expanded to include both spectral and spatial features. A maximum likelihood classification approach is then applied. It is demonstrated that the segmentation of topographic objects is significantly improved by fusing the multispectral and texture information.
KYALO DN. Role of school leadership in promoting moral integrity among Secondary School students. Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktierge Sellschaft & CO.KG,ISBN:978-3-639-341386; 2011.
Kyalo M, Karani A, Kigondu C. "Research Utilization among Nurses at a Teaching Hospital in Kenya” Journal of Caring Sciences,." doi:10.15171/jcs.2015.010 http:// journals.tbzmed.ac.ir/ JCS. 2015;4(2):95-104.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO, KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Use of Geospatial Technology in Identifying Tax Evasion on Rental Income.". In: 1st Eastern African ESRI User Conference. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2006. Abstract
This paper discusses a novel approach for delineating watersheds by integrating spatial and dynamic modeling techniques. In particular, loose coupling between ArcMap and CatchmentSim software is demonstrated. The demarcated watershed can then form the basis for designing appropriate conservation works. The above procedure was successfully applied for the Kinze dam catchment area in Machakos district in Kenya. This study also reiterates that local communities can only be expected to participate in and fully support conservation works if they are involved throughout the entire conservation design process.
KYALO DN. "Gender and HIV/AIDS: Women can make a difference’ .". In: HIV Awareness Conference . CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF EASTERN AFRICA; 2005.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Market Segmentation using Geographic Information Systems (GIS): A Case Study of the Soft Drink Industry in Kenya.". In: Journal of Marketing Intelligence & Planning, Vol. 25, No. 6, pp. 632-642. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2007. Abstract
The analytical and visualization capabilities of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) greatly enhance the communication, understanding and utility of data and information as opposed to when the data is simply presented in form of texts and tables. Combining geospatial methods with conventional marketing techniques enables users to visualize the spatial distribution of data on maps and visualize spatial data in various statistical graphs and diagrams. This may yield more insights into the nature of distributions leading to better understanding of diverse markets. In this study a digital map of the study area is created from which the various market zones are delineated. A multiple regression model for predicting sale of soft drink products is then developed. This takes into account sales figures from specific distribution outlets and demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population served by the distribution outlets for the identified market zones. The study demonstrates the important role that GIS can play in supporting market segmentation.
KYALO DN, MULWA SA. "‘Education in Emergencies: An Analytical Review of Obstacles and Solutions to Quality Education for Internally Displaced Children in Kenya.". In: International Conference on Educational Reforms and Innovations in Enhancing Quality and Equity,. Kenyatta University; 2012.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Auditing the Equity and Prioritizing Infrastructure Development Using GIS: Case Study of Gatanga Constituency Development Fund in Kenya.". In: International Journal of Rural Management. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2009. Abstract
Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} This article demonstrates the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in auditing the equity as well as evaluating the priority of infrastructure development. A GIS database is created for the study area integrating different infrastructure types and detailing the budgetary allocation to the different infrastructural projects. Stratified priority weight matrices are developed for each infrastructure type. These are then combined to develop the overall infrastructure priority weight matrix. The analyses performed indicate that the security sector should receive the highest priority, while the roads sector should be granted the least priority in the next financial disbursement. The approach proposed in this study will allow governments, donor agencies and the general citizenry to objectively identify the most deserving projects for funding and rank these accordingly in every fiscal year for a defined area.
KYALO DN, OBANDO A. Miongozo ya vitabu vya fasihi (kanda za kusikizia na vitabu). Nairobi: Napunyi Publishers; 2006.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Wavelet Compression and the Automatic Classification of Landsat Imagery.". In: Photogrammetric Record. Kluwer Academic Publishers; 2000. Abstract
This paper examines the influence of multisensor data fusion on the automatic extraction of topographic objects from SPOT panchromatic imagery. The suitability of various grey level co-occurence based texture measures, as well as different pixel windows is also investigated. It is observed that best results are obtained with a 3x3 pixel window and the texture measure homogeneity. The synthetic texture image derived together with a Landsat TM imagery are then fused with the SPOT data using the additional channel concept. The object feature base is expanded to include both spectral and spatial features. A maximum likelihood classification approach is then applied. It is demonstrated that the segmentation of topographic objects is significantly improved by fusing the multispectral and texture information.
Kyalo MM;, Mbuthia PG;, Maingi N;, Nyaga PN;, Njagi LW;, Mutune MN;, Otieno RO;, Gachoka JM;, Musofe PLN;, Bunn D. "Occurrence and lesions associated with Echinostoma revolutum in free-range chickens in Kenya."; 2012.
KYALO PROFKIEMAJOHNBOSCO. "Aerolevantamento com Laserscanning .". In: Congresso Brasileiro de Cartografia. Canadian Center of Science and Education; 2001. Abstract
This paper examines the influence of multisensor data fusion on the automatic extraction of topographic objects from SPOT panchromatic imagery. The suitability of various grey level co-occurence based texture measures, as well as different pixel windows is also investigated. It is observed that best results are obtained with a 3x3 pixel window and the texture measure homogeneity. The synthetic texture image derived together with a Landsat TM imagery are then fused with the SPOT data using the additional channel concept. The object feature base is expanded to include both spectral and spatial features. A maximum likelihood classification approach is then applied. It is demonstrated that the segmentation of topographic objects is significantly improved by fusing the multispectral and texture information.
Kyale DS, Mutave JR, W GL, Kisumbi BK. "Source of oral health motivation, attitudes and practices in adolescents 12-13 years old in Nairobi.". 2009. Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the sources of oral health motivation, attitudes and practices of adolescents. A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among 12-13 year olds in a primary school in Nairobi, Kenya. One hundred and eight pupils participated in the study. A convenience sampling method was used to select the study area. Data was collected using a self administered questionnaire. All children who met the inclusion criteria were recruited to the study. The study revealed that parents were the main source of oral health motivation 88 (96.7%), with teachers contributing the remaining 3 (3.3%). Majority 63 (69.2%) of the respondents had a positive attitude towards their oral health. Most of the respondents brushed daily 85 (93.4%) and were aware that they were using toothpaste containing fluoride. A large percentage of respondents 55 (60.4%) ate cariogenic diet daily and none of them reported any form of tobacco use. Within the findings of this study, it is concluded that the main source of oral health motivation was parents. However, although the children had a positive attitude towards oral health and brushed daily they ate cariogenic diet items daily and half of the study population visited the dentist when they had dental problems.

KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Wakiaga J.M., Maina S.W., Kisumbi B.K. : Incidence of the second Canal in the upper Second Premolar. (Journal of Dental Research).". In: Journal of Dental Research. University of Nairobi Press; Submitted. Abstract
This study was done to determine the nature of utilization of dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies in private dental surgeries in Kenya. A self administering questionnaire with pre-paid postage was mailed to 138 dentists. 27.5% responded. 81.6% used dental auxiliaries and the main reason was to improve efficiency in managing patients. 93.5% of the auxiliaries were on job trained secondary school graduates. 63.2% of the respondents delegated duties which were mainly non-clinical. 26.3% did not delegate any duties. In a descending order, the reasons for non delegation were: that it would be risky to patients, not allowed by law, they did not find it necessary and that auxiliaries were not held responsible if something went wrong. The main duties delegated to the auxiliaries were cleaning of instruments and sterilization, mixing of restorative materials and preparing amalgam. Delegation was done primarily based on auxiliaries capability to perform the procedure and meet the set standards. 57.9% indicated that they rarely encountered medical emergencies. Syncope was the commonest emergency encountered. 72.7% indicated that auxiliaries could not handle medical emergencies because they were not trained. It is concluded that most dentists did not delegate clinical duties to dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies were rare.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Utilization of dental auxiliaries in private dental surgeries in Kenya. East Afr Med J. 1994 Dec;71(12):811-5.". In: East Afr Med J. 1994 Dec;71(12):811-5. University of Nairobi Press; 1994. Abstract
This study was done to determine the nature of utilization of dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies in private dental surgeries in Kenya. A self administering questionnaire with pre-paid postage was mailed to 138 dentists. 27.5% responded. 81.6% used dental auxiliaries and the main reason was to improve efficiency in managing patients. 93.5% of the auxiliaries were on job trained secondary school graduates. 63.2% of the respondents delegated duties which were mainly non-clinical. 26.3% did not delegate any duties. In a descending order, the reasons for non delegation were: that it would be risky to patients, not allowed by law, they did not find it necessary and that auxiliaries were not held responsible if something went wrong. The main duties delegated to the auxiliaries were cleaning of instruments and sterilization, mixing of restorative materials and preparing amalgam. Delegation was done primarily based on auxiliaries capability to perform the procedure and meet the set standards. 57.9% indicated that they rarely encountered medical emergencies. Syncope was the commonest emergency encountered. 72.7% indicated that auxiliaries could not handle medical emergencies because they were not trained. It is concluded that most dentists did not delegate clinical duties to dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies were rare.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Wakiaga J.M., Maina S.W., Kisumbi B.K. : Incidence of the second Canal in the upper Second Premolar. (Journal of Dental Research).". In: Journal of Dental Research. Taylor & Francis; Submitted. Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study dimensional time-dependence of resin/ionomer formulations from 5 min age to one month and to separate out the intrinsic setting shrinkage and hygroscopic expansion effects, by using non-aqueous and aqueous storage media, respectively. METHODS: Materials studied included: A: resin-, B: metal- and C: polyphosphonate-modified glass-ionomer cements [GICs]; and controls of D: poly-acid modified composite [compomer]; and E: resin-composite. Separate specimen groups (n = 5) were stored in different storage-media: (i) silicone fluid; (ii) de-ionized water. Experiments were repeated at 23 and 37 degrees C. Volumetric changes of specimens (4 mm diameter x 6 mm height) were obtained via accurate mass measurements (to 10(-4) g), using Archimedes principle, with silicone or water also used as the Archimedean fluid. These measurements were made periodically over a 30 day period, post fabrication. RESULTS: In silicone at 23 degrees C, all materials underwent further gradual intrinsic shrinkage (after 5 min from mix). This was highly significant (p < 0.05) for the RM-GIC (A). At 37 degrees C, however the RM-GIC expanded, indicating that its cure is temperature-sensitive. In water, at 23 and 37 degrees C, the shrinkage was either partially offset (materials C, D, E), or replaced by appreciable expansions (materials A and B). Differences between RM-GIC (A) and MM-GIC (B) were significant (p < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The deployment of dual storage media made an important contribution to the separate analysis of the volumetric changes due to the on-going setting chemistry in these systems and the time-dependent effects of an aqueous environment.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Wakiaga J.M and Kisumbi B.K: In-vitro colour changes of resin composites in beverages. Journal of Dental Research.". In: Journal of Dental Research. Taylor & Francis; 2013. Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study dimensional time-dependence of resin/ionomer formulations from 5 min age to one month and to separate out the intrinsic setting shrinkage and hygroscopic expansion effects, by using non-aqueous and aqueous storage media, respectively. METHODS: Materials studied included: A: resin-, B: metal- and C: polyphosphonate-modified glass-ionomer cements [GICs]; and controls of D: poly-acid modified composite [compomer]; and E: resin-composite. Separate specimen groups (n = 5) were stored in different storage-media: (i) silicone fluid; (ii) de-ionized water. Experiments were repeated at 23 and 37 degrees C. Volumetric changes of specimens (4 mm diameter x 6 mm height) were obtained via accurate mass measurements (to 10(-4) g), using Archimedes principle, with silicone or water also used as the Archimedean fluid. These measurements were made periodically over a 30 day period, post fabrication. RESULTS: In silicone at 23 degrees C, all materials underwent further gradual intrinsic shrinkage (after 5 min from mix). This was highly significant (p < 0.05) for the RM-GIC (A). At 37 degrees C, however the RM-GIC expanded, indicating that its cure is temperature-sensitive. In water, at 23 and 37 degrees C, the shrinkage was either partially offset (materials C, D, E), or replaced by appreciable expansions (materials A and B). Differences between RM-GIC (A) and MM-GIC (B) were significant (p < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The deployment of dual storage media made an important contribution to the separate analysis of the volumetric changes due to the on-going setting chemistry in these systems and the time-dependent effects of an aqueous environment.

KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Kaimenyi, J.T., Guthua, S.W., J.M Wakiaga., Kisumbi, B.K. Utilization of Dental auxiliaries - in private Dental surgeries in Kenya. East African Medical Journal 71: 811-815: 1994.". In: East African Medical Journal 71: 811-815: 1994. Taylor & Francis; 1994. Abstract
This study was done to determine the nature of utilization of dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies in private dental surgeries in Kenya. A self administering questionnaire with pre-paid postage was mailed to 138 dentists. 27.5% responded. 81.6% used dental auxiliaries and the main reason was to improve efficiency in managing patients. 93.5% of the auxiliaries were on job trained secondary school graduates. 63.2% of the respondents delegated duties which were mainly non-clinical. 26.3% did not delegate any duties. In a descending order, the reasons for non delegation were: that it would be risky to patients, not allowed by law, they did not find it necessary and that auxiliaries were not held responsible if something went wrong. The main duties delegated to the auxiliaries were cleaning of instruments and sterilization, mixing of restorative materials and preparing amalgam. Delegation was done primarily based on auxiliaries capability to perform the procedure and meet the set standards. 57.9% indicated that they rarely encountered medical emergencies. Syncope was the commonest emergency encountered. 72.7% indicated that auxiliaries could not handle medical emergencies because they were not trained. It is concluded that most dentists did not delegate clinical
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA. "Wakiaga JM, Kisumbi BK, Lesan WR. Some optical properties of resin composite veneers materials. A pilot study. In press Journal of Kenya Dental Association 2008:1(1): 29-36.". In: Proceedings of the 1st Annual Scientific Conference of the Faculty of Vet Medicine. Taylor & Francis; 2008. Abstract
An in vitro study of the antinematodal action of two groups of compounds which act on the receptor complex of the inhibitory neurotransmitter, Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in mammalian systems is described. The compounds, Ivermectin and two benzodiazepines, Diazepam and a water soluble Midazolam were tested singly or in combination against two microfilarial parasites Onchocerca lienalis (closely related to Onchocerca volvulus) and Brugia pahangi. The combination of ivermectin and diazepam at a concentration of 0.1 microgram/ml and 33 micrograms/ml respectively achieved the same effect on microfilarial motility as when ivermectin was given at 1 microgram/ml alone or diazepam at 66 micrograms/ml alone. Similarly when the combination of ivermectin at 0.1 microgram/ml and midazolam at 10 micrograms/ml was used it achieved the same effect as ivermectin at 1 microgram/ml alone or midazolam at 33 micrograms/ml alone. This showed that both benzodiazepines had a synergistic effect on the activity of ivermectin. The microfilariae of B. pahangi were insensitive to both groups of compounds at all concentrations used.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Wakiaga J.M and Kisumbi B.K: In-vitro colour changes of resin composites in beverages. Journal of Dental Research.". In: Journal of Dental Research. University of Nairobi Press; Submitted. Abstract
This study was done to determine the nature of utilization of dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies in private dental surgeries in Kenya. A self administering questionnaire with pre-paid postage was mailed to 138 dentists. 27.5% responded. 81.6% used dental auxiliaries and the main reason was to improve efficiency in managing patients. 93.5% of the auxiliaries were on job trained secondary school graduates. 63.2% of the respondents delegated duties which were mainly non-clinical. 26.3% did not delegate any duties. In a descending order, the reasons for non delegation were: that it would be risky to patients, not allowed by law, they did not find it necessary and that auxiliaries were not held responsible if something went wrong. The main duties delegated to the auxiliaries were cleaning of instruments and sterilization, mixing of restorative materials and preparing amalgam. Delegation was done primarily based on auxiliaries capability to perform the procedure and meet the set standards. 57.9% indicated that they rarely encountered medical emergencies. Syncope was the commonest emergency encountered. 72.7% indicated that auxiliaries could not handle medical emergencies because they were not trained. It is concluded that most dentists did not delegate clinical duties to dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies were rare.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA. "Mutave R.J. and Kisumbi B.K: Attitude of urban Kenyan population towards replacement of teeth. Preliminary findings. Journal of Dental Research.". In: Journal of Dental Research. Taylor & Francis; Submitted. Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study dimensional time-dependence of resin/ionomer formulations from 5 min age to one month and to separate out the intrinsic setting shrinkage and hygroscopic expansion effects, by using non-aqueous and aqueous storage media, respectively. METHODS: Materials studied included: A: resin-, B: metal- and C: polyphosphonate-modified glass-ionomer cements [GICs]; and controls of D: poly-acid modified composite [compomer]; and E: resin-composite. Separate specimen groups (n = 5) were stored in different storage-media: (i) silicone fluid; (ii) de-ionized water. Experiments were repeated at 23 and 37 degrees C. Volumetric changes of specimens (4 mm diameter x 6 mm height) were obtained via accurate mass measurements (to 10(-4) g), using Archimedes principle, with silicone or water also used as the Archimedean fluid. These measurements were made periodically over a 30 day period, post fabrication. RESULTS: In silicone at 23 degrees C, all materials underwent further gradual intrinsic shrinkage (after 5 min from mix). This was highly significant (p < 0.05) for the RM-GIC (A). At 37 degrees C, however the RM-GIC expanded, indicating that its cure is temperature-sensitive. In water, at 23 and 37 degrees C, the shrinkage was either partially offset (materials C, D, E), or replaced by appreciable expansions (materials A and B). Differences between RM-GIC (A) and MM-GIC (B) were significant (p < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The deployment of dual storage media made an important contribution to the separate analysis of the volumetric changes due to the on-going setting chemistry in these systems and the time-dependent effects of an aqueous environment.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Utilization of dental auxiliaries in private dental surgeries in Kenya. East Afr Med J. 1994 Dec;71(12):811-5.". In: East Afr Med J. 1994 Dec;71(12):811-5. Taylor & Francis; 1994. Abstract
This study was done to determine the nature of utilization of dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies in private dental surgeries in Kenya. A self administering questionnaire with pre-paid postage was mailed to 138 dentists. 27.5% responded. 81.6% used dental auxiliaries and the main reason was to improve efficiency in managing patients. 93.5% of the auxiliaries were on job trained secondary school graduates. 63.2% of the respondents delegated duties which were mainly non-clinical. 26.3% did not delegate any duties. In a descending order, the reasons for non delegation were: that it would be risky to patients, not allowed by law, they did not find it necessary and that auxiliaries were not held responsible if something went wrong. The main duties delegated to the auxiliaries were cleaning of instruments and sterilization, mixing of restorative materials and preparing amalgam. Delegation was done primarily based on auxiliaries capability to perform the procedure and meet the set standards. 57.9% indicated that they rarely encountered medical emergencies. Syncope was the commonest emergency encountered. 72.7% indicated that auxiliaries could not handle medical emergencies because they were not trained. It is concluded that most dentists did not delegate clinical duties to dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies were rare.
Kyale DS, Mutave RJ, Gathece LW, Kisumbi BK. "Source of oral health motivation, attitudes and practices in 12-13 year old adolescents in Nairobi." AJOHS. 2009;5(4):15-20.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA. "Kisumbi, B.K and Watts D.C. Tooth brush/Abrasion rates of modified Glass ionomer restoratives in-vitro. African Journal Oral Health Sciences. 2000:1:1-5.". In: African Journal Oral Health Sciences. 2000:1:1-5. Taylor & Francis; 2000. Abstract
Objective: To remove or modify fluorotic enamel stains using a combined chemical micro-abrasion and bleaching technique. Design: An in-vivo study was carried out. A sample of 21 participants was randomly selected from patients presenting with brown staining due to flourosis as the chief complaint. Eighty nine teeth were selected based on the Thylstrup-Fejerskov Index [TFI] with a score of 4 as the acceptable maximum. Only upper anterior teeth were included in the study. Setting: The study was undertaken at the University Of Nairobi Dental Hospital, Kenya. Subjects: Patients with an expressed need for treatment of their discoloured teeth who consented to a clearly demonstrated treatment procedure constituted the sample. Results: Enamel discolouration was removed or modified yielding a uniform colour and lustre depending on the initial depth of the stain. All patients appreciated the colour change. Conclusion: A combined chemical micro-abrasion and bleaching technique is a feasible treatment modality in selected cases of enamel fluorosis.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Mungai T.C. Kisumbi B.K Wakiaga J.M and Ireri S.K : Patients.". In: Journal of Dental Research. University of Nairobi Press; Submitted. Abstract
This study was done to determine the nature of utilization of dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies in private dental surgeries in Kenya. A self administering questionnaire with pre-paid postage was mailed to 138 dentists. 27.5% responded. 81.6% used dental auxiliaries and the main reason was to improve efficiency in managing patients. 93.5% of the auxiliaries were on job trained secondary school graduates. 63.2% of the respondents delegated duties which were mainly non-clinical. 26.3% did not delegate any duties. In a descending order, the reasons for non delegation were: that it would be risky to patients, not allowed by law, they did not find it necessary and that auxiliaries were not held responsible if something went wrong. The main duties delegated to the auxiliaries were cleaning of instruments and sterilization, mixing of restorative materials and preparing amalgam. Delegation was done primarily based on auxiliaries capability to perform the procedure and meet the set standards. 57.9% indicated that they rarely encountered medical emergencies. Syncope was the commonest emergency encountered. 72.7% indicated that auxiliaries could not handle medical emergencies because they were not trained. It is concluded that most dentists did not delegate clinical duties to dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies were rare.
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Kaimenyi, J.T., Guthua, S.W., J.M Wakiaga., Kisumbi, B.K. Utilization of Dental auxiliaries - in private Dental surgeries in Kenya. East African Medical Journal 71: 811-815: 1994.". In: East African Medical Journal 71: 811-815: 1994. University of Nairobi Press; 1994. Abstract
This study was done to determine the nature of utilization of dental auxiliaries and medical emergencies in private dental surgeries in Kenya. A self administering questionnaire with pre-paid postage was mailed to 138 dentists. 27.5% responded. 81.6% used dental auxiliaries and the main reason was to improve efficiency in managing patients. 93.5% of the auxiliaries were on job trained secondary school graduates. 63.2% of the respondents delegated duties which were mainly non-clinical. 26.3% did not delegate any duties. In a descending order, the reasons for non delegation were: that it would be risky to patients, not allowed by law, they did not find it necessary and that auxiliaries were not held responsible if something went wrong. The main duties delegated to the auxiliaries were cleaning of instruments and sterilization, mixing of restorative materials and preparing amalgam. Delegation was done primarily based on auxiliaries capability to perform the procedure and meet the set standards. 57.9% indicated that they rarely encountered medical emergencies. Syncope was the commonest emergency encountered. 72.7% indicated that auxiliaries could not handle medical emergencies because they were not trained. It is concluded that most dentists did not delegate clinical
KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, M DRWAKIAGAJOHN. "Mungai T.C. Kisumbi B.K Wakiaga J.M and Ireri S.K : Patients.". In: Journal of Dental Research. Taylor & Francis; 2000. Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study dimensional time-dependence of resin/ionomer formulations from 5 min age to one month and to separate out the intrinsic setting shrinkage and hygroscopic expansion effects, by using non-aqueous and aqueous storage media, respectively. METHODS: Materials studied included: A: resin-, B: metal- and C: polyphosphonate-modified glass-ionomer cements [GICs]; and controls of D: poly-acid modified composite [compomer]; and E: resin-composite. Separate specimen groups (n = 5) were stored in different storage-media: (i) silicone fluid; (ii) de-ionized water. Experiments were repeated at 23 and 37 degrees C. Volumetric changes of specimens (4 mm diameter x 6 mm height) were obtained via accurate mass measurements (to 10(-4) g), using Archimedes principle, with silicone or water also used as the Archimedean fluid. These measurements were made periodically over a 30 day period, post fabrication. RESULTS: In silicone at 23 degrees C, all materials underwent further gradual intrinsic shrinkage (after 5 min from mix). This was highly significant (p < 0.05) for the RM-GIC (A). At 37 degrees C, however the RM-GIC expanded, indicating that its cure is temperature-sensitive. In water, at 23 and 37 degrees C, the shrinkage was either partially offset (materials C, D, E), or replaced by appreciable expansions (materials A and B). Differences between RM-GIC (A) and MM-GIC (B) were significant (p < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The deployment of dual storage media made an important contribution to the separate analysis of the volumetric changes due to the on-going setting chemistry in these systems and the time-dependent effects of an aqueous environment.

KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA, KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA. "Kisumbi, B.K., Toworfe, J.K.,. and Watts, DC. Dimensional changes of Resin/Ionomer Restoratives in Aqueous and Neutral Media. J Dent. Res. 77: Abstract No. 426.". In: J Dent. Res. 77: Abstract No. 426. Taylor & Francis; 1998. Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study dimensional time-dependence of resin/ionomer formulations from 5 min age to one month and to separate out the intrinsic setting shrinkage and hygroscopic expansion effects, by using non-aqueous and aqueous storage media, respectively. METHODS: Materials studied included: A: resin-, B: metal- and C: polyphosphonate-modified glass-ionomer cements [GICs]; and controls of D: poly-acid modified composite [compomer]; and E: resin-composite. Separate specimen groups (n = 5) were stored in different storage-media: (i) silicone fluid; (ii) de-ionized water. Experiments were repeated at 23 and 37 degrees C. Volumetric changes of specimens (4 mm diameter x 6 mm height) were obtained via accurate mass measurements (to 10(-4) g), using Archimedes principle, with silicone or water also used as the Archimedean fluid. These measurements were made periodically over a 30 day period, post fabrication. RESULTS: In silicone at 23 degrees C, all materials underwent further gradual intrinsic shrinkage (after 5 min from mix). This was highly significant (p < 0.05) for the RM-GIC (A). At 37 degrees C, however the RM-GIC expanded, indicating that its cure is temperature-sensitive. In water, at 23 and 37 degrees C, the shrinkage was either partially offset (materials C, D, E), or replaced by appreciable expansions (materials A and B). Differences between RM-GIC (A) and MM-GIC (B) were significant (p < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The deployment of dual storage media made an important contribution to the separate analysis of the volumetric changes due to the on-going setting chemistry in these systems and the time-dependent effects of an aqueous environment.

KYALE DRKISUMBIBERNINA. "Kisumbi, B.K., and Watts, DC. Discolouration of Restorative Materials by beverages. J Dent. Res. 78(5) 1999, No 41 pg. 1095.". In: J Dent. Res. 78(5) 1999, No 41 pg. 1095. Taylor & Francis; 1999. Abstract
Objective: To remove or modify fluorotic enamel stains using a combined chemical micro-abrasion and bleaching technique. Design: An in-vivo study was carried out. A sample of 21 participants was randomly selected from patients presenting with brown staining due to flourosis as the chief complaint. Eighty nine teeth were selected based on the Thylstrup-Fejerskov Index [TFI] with a score of 4 as the acceptable maximum. Only upper anterior teeth were included in the study. Setting: The study was undertaken at the University Of Nairobi Dental Hospital, Kenya. Subjects: Patients with an expressed need for treatment of their discoloured teeth who consented to a clearly demonstrated treatment procedure constituted the sample. Results: Enamel discolouration was removed or modified yielding a uniform colour and lustre depending on the initial depth of the stain. All patients appreciated the colour change. Conclusion: A combined chemical micro-abrasion and bleaching technique is a feasible treatment modality in selected cases of enamel fluorosis.
Kweyu M, Ngare P. "Factor analysis of customers perception of mobile banking services in Kenya." International Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences. 2014;5(1). Abstract

Mobile banking service, M-Shwari, allows users to save, earn interest and borrow loan over a short period of time using their mobile phones. The service has a potential to spur economic growth if consumers could understand the concept, its' benefits and adopts it. In our study, we investigated factors that influence the adoption of mobile banking services in Kenya. In particular we have shown empirically that the influence of the intervening demographic factors and the consumer perception may have differential impact in emerging market as compared to developed market situations. We extracted and grouped factors that were perceived by the clients as important in adoption of mobile banking. We then tested if the differences in perceptions on some of the factors extracted by exploratory factor analysis significantly differ between gender categories. The results indicated that there was no significant difference in the perception of ease of use and risk of use between genders in the decision to adopt mobile banking service in emerging market. The findings of our study will therefore provide the financial industry with a better understanding of the factors underlying consumer adoption of mobile banking services and help them formulate marketing and promotional strategies for mobile banking services.

Kwena, K.M., Ayuke, F.O., Karuku GN, Esilaba AO. "No rain but bumper harvest: the magic of pigeonpea in semi-arid Kenya." International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology. 2018;14(2):181-203.
Kwena, K.M., Ayuke, F.O., Karuku GN, Esilaba AO. "No rain but bumper harvest: the magic of pigeonpea in semi-arid Kenya." International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 14(2), pp.181-203.. 2018;14(2):181-203.
Kweka 4. EJ, Owino EA, Lee M-C, Dixit A, Yousif E. Himeidan, Mahande AM. "Efficacy of resting boxes baited with carbon dioxide versus CDC light trap for sampling mosquito vectors: A comparative study." Global Health Perspectives . 2013;1(1):11-18.
Kweka 5. EJ, Owino EA, Mwang'onde BJ, Mahande AM, Nyindo M, Mosha F. "The role of cow urine in the oviposition site preference of culicine and Anopheles mosquitoes." Parasites & Vectors . 2011;4:184.
Kwasa JK, Amayo A NPMKTO. "Bone metabolism in healthy ambulatory control premenopausal women and in epileptics on anti-convulsant drugs." East Afr Med Journal. 2010;87(4):151-155. Abstract

Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Long term anti-epileptic drug use causes multiple abnormalities in calcium and bone metabolism that have been documented in both institutionalised and ambulatory patients.
OBJECTIVE:
To assess bone metabolism in ambulatory females of reproductive age, on antiepileptic drugs.
DESIGN:
Cross sectional comparative study.
SUBJECTS:
Ambulatory females in reproductive age group with epilepsy and on regular follow up were compared to healthy females of similar ages not on any treatment.
RESULTS:
The mean duration of treatment for epilepsy was eight years (+/- 6.3). Majority of the patients were on enzyme inducing drugs like phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine and valproate, either alone or in combination with non-enzyme inducers like lamotrigine (98.2%). There was a significantly lower mean serum calcium and a higher alkaline phosphatase level among the patients (P = 0.002 and 0.0001 respectively) than among the comparators. The urinary marker of bone loss (mean urine calcium excretion) was also significantly raised among the patients (P=0.003). The mean lumbar BMDT-score results were not significantly different in the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS:
Long-term anti-epileptic drug use significantly affects biochemical parameters of bone metabolism. These effects on bone biochemistry markers were not reflected in lumbar spine BMD in this study.

Kwasa TOO. A Study Of Clinical And Laboratory Features In Stroke Patients At The Kenyatta National Hospital..; 1987. Abstract

This is both a retrospective as well as a prospective study conducted from January 1986 to January, 1987 at KNH involving 72 stroke patients.
Thirty point four per cent of the patients were found to hypertensive. The majority were found to be from the Central Province- More patients were rural dwellers than urban dwellers. The majority y of the hypertensive patients were either first diagnosed at admission for stroke or had had poor control of their hypertension, Most hypertensive
patients were old, (> 45 years).
Laboratory investigations showed hypertriglyceridemia, hyperuricemia, renal insufficiency, and high ESR to be common amongst stroke patients. Syphilis was not found in any of the patients.
The young normotensive patients were examined and some possible aetiological factor identified in all except four.
Recommendations are made as to' further work
and prevention against stroke.

Kwasa JK, Amayo A, Ndavi PM, Kwasa TOO. "Bone metabolism in healthy ambulatory control premenopausal women and in epileptics on anti-convulsant drugs." East Afr Med J. 2010;87(4):151-5. Abstract

Long term anti-epileptic drug use causes multiple abnormalities in calcium and bone metabolism that have been documented in both institutionalised and ambulatory patients.

Kwanya T, Kiplanga't J, Wamukoya J, Njiraine D. Digital Technologies for Information and Knowledge Management. Nairobi: The Technical University of Kenya; 2019.
Kwadha CA, Mutunga JM, Irungu J, Ongamo G, Ndegwa P, Raina S, Fombong AT. "Decanal as a major component of larval aggregation pheromone of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella." Journal of Applied Entomology. 2019;143(4):417-429.
Kwadha CA, Janet Irungu, George Ongamo, Paul Ndegwa, Suresh Raina AFT. "Decanal as a major component of larval aggregation pheromone of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella." Journal of Applied Entomology. 2019;143(4):417-429.
Kwadha CA, Ong’amo GO, Ndegwa PN, Raina SK, Fombong AT. "The biology and control of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella." Insects. 2017;8(2):61.
Kwadha CA, Ong’amo GO, Ndegwa PN, Raina SK, Fombong AT. "The biology and control of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella." Insects. 2017;8(2):61.
Kwach JK;, Onyango MA;, Muthomi JW;, Nderitu JH. "Baseline survey for status of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt in Kenya."; 2010.
Kwach JK, Onyango MA, Muthomi JW, Nderitu JH. "Baseline survey for status of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt in Kenya.". In: 13th KARI Biennial Scientific Conference. KARI Headquarters; 2012.
Kwach JK;, Onyango MA;, Muthomi JW;, Nderitu JH. "Baseline survey for status of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt in Kenya."; 2011.
Kwaako OA, Kimani K, Ilako DR, Akafo S, Ekem I, Rodrigues O, Laryea CE, Nentwich MM. "Ocular Manifestations of Sickle Cell Disease at Korle bu Hospital, Accra, Ghana." European Journal of Ophthalmology. 2011;21(4):484-489.
KW M, Mbuthia P G, RM W, J N, JW M, Njagi L W, RH M, RH M, SK M. "Risk factors associated with parasites of farmed fish in Kiambu County, Kenya." International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2017;5(4):217-223.
Kutto EK, MW N, Njagi L W. "Bacterial contamination of kale (Brassica oleracea acephala) along the supply chains in Nairobi and its environment." East African Medical Journal. 2011;88:46-53. Abstract

46 East African Medical Journal February 2011
East Africa Medical Journal Vol. 88 No. 2 February 2011
BACTERIAL CONTAMINATION OF KALE (Brassica oleracea Acephala) ALONG THE SUPPLY CHAIN IN
NAIROBI AND ITS ENVIRONMENT
E. Kutto, BSc, MSc, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology, M. W. Ngigi, MSc, Department of Agricultural economics, N. Karanja, BSc, MSc, PhD, Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology, E. Kange’the, Bvm, MSc, PhD, Department of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxicology, L. C. Bebora, Bvm, MSc, PhD, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Nairobi P. O. Box 29052-00625, Kabete Campus, Nairobi, Kenya, C. J. Lagerkvist, BAECON, MAECON, PhD, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences P.O. Box 7013-75007, Uppsala, Sweden, P. G. Mbuthia, Bvm, MSc, FRVCS(Dip. Path), PhD, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology, L. W. Njagi, Bvm, MSc, PhD, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology and J. J. Okello, PhD, Department of Agricultural economics, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 29052-00625, Kabete Campus, Nairobi, Kenya Request for reprints to: K. E. Kutto, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology, Kabete Campus, University of Nairobi, P. O. Box 29057-00625, Nairobi, Kenya

BACTERIAL CONTAMINATION OF KALE (Brassica oleracea Acephala)
ALONG THE SUPPLY CHAIN IN NAIROBI AND ITS ENVIRONMENT
E. K. KUTTO, M. W. NGIGI, N. KARANJA, E. KANGE’THE, L. C. BEBORA, C. J. LAGERKVIST, P. G. MBUTHIA, L. W. NJAGI and J. J. OKELLO
ABSTRACT
Objective: To assess the microbiological safety of kale (Brassica oleracea Acephala)
produced from farms and those sold at the markets with special focus on coliforms,
E.coli and Salmonella.
Design: A cross sectional study.
Setting: Peri-Urban farms (in Athi River, Ngong and Wangige), wet markets (in
Kawangware, Kangemi and Githurai), supermarkets and high-end specialty store
both within Nairobi city.
Results: Mean coliform count on vegetables from farms were 2.6x105 ±5.0x105 cfu/g
while those from the wet markets were 4.6x106 ±9.1x106 cfu/g, supermarkets, 2.6x106
±2.7x106 and high-end specialty store 4.7x105 ±8.9x105. Coliform numbers obtained
on kales from the wet markets and supermarkets were significantly higher (p<0.05)
compared to those from farms, while kale samples purchased from high- end specialty
store had similar levels of coliform loads as those from the farms. E. coli prevalence
in the wet markets, supermarkets and high-end specialty store were: 40, 20 and 20%,
respectively. Salmonella was detected on 4.5 and 6.3% of samples collected from the
farms in Wangige and wet market in Kawangware, respectively. Fecal coliforms in
water used on farms (for irrigation) and in the markets (for washing the vegetables)
exceeded levels recommended by World Health Organization (WHO) of 103 organisms
per 100 milliliter while Salmonella was detected in 12.5% of washing water samples
collected from Kangemi market.
Conclusion: Poor cultivation practices and poor handling of vegetables along the
supply chain could increase the risk of pathogen contamination thus puting the health
of the public at risk, therefore good agricultural and handling practices should be
observed.

Kurtzhals JA, Hey AS, Theander TG, Odera E, Christensen CB, Githure JI, Koech DK, Schaefer KU, Handman E, Kharazmi A. "Cellular and humoral immune responses in a population from the Baringo District, Kenya to Leishmania promastigote lipophosphoglycan.". 1992.Website
Kurth AE, Inwani I, Wangombe A, Ruth Nduati, Owuor M, Njiri F, Akinyi P, Cherutich P, Osoti A, John Kinuthia, James N Kiarie, Chhun N, Kiarie J. "The Gender Context of HIV Risk and Pregnancy Goals in Western Kenya." East Afr Med J. 2015;92(4):163-169. Abstract

Intentional childbearing may place heterosexual couples at risk of HIV infection in resource-limited settings with high HIV prevalence areas where society places great value on having children.

Kurth AE;, McClelland L;, Wanje G;, Ghee AE;, Peshu N;, Mutunga E;, Jaoko W;, Storwick M;, Marta; Holmes KK;, McClelland S. "An Integrate approach for antiretroviral adherence and secondary HIVtransmission risk-reductionsupport by nurses in Kenya.". 2012. Abstract

Ongoing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and secondary HIV transmission-risk reduction (positive prevention) support are needed in resourcelimited settings.We evaluated a nurse-delivered counseling intervention in Kenya. We trained 90 nurses on a brief counseling algorithm that comprised ART and sexual-risk assessment, risk-reduction messages, and health-promotion planning. Self-reported measures were assessed before, immediately after, and 2 months post-training. Consistent ART adherence assessment was reported by 29% of nurses at baseline and 66% at 2 months post-training (p , .001). Assessment of patient sexual behaviors was 25% at baseline and 60% at 2 months post-training (p , .001). Nurse practice behaviors recommended in the counseling algorithm improved significantly at 2 months posttraining compared with baseline, odds ratios 4.30– 10.50. We found that training nurses in clinical counseling for ARTadherence and positive prevention is feasible. Future studies should test impact of nurse counseling on patient outcomes in resource-limited settings.

Kurji P. Statistics made alive.; 2002. Abstract

This paper examines briefly some of the problems of teaching statistics to agriculture students in the traditional manner. The current teaching has consisted of foundation courses on the statistical concepts at undergraduate level followed by a design and analysis of experiments course at postgraduate level. This is compared with a newer approach which comprises a change at both levels. With the traditional approach the students found it difficult to integrate the statistical concepts into their project work, and this undermined the quality of their research. The new approach concentrates on exploring the whole process of planning and implementing research projects and includes an intensive course in basic statistical concepts, with emphasis on critical thinking in problem solving. The paper ends with an evaluation of the impact of this approach at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels and with plans for the future.

Kurji, Parin; McDermott B; SD; SR. The Growing Role Of Computers For Teaching Statistics In Kenya.; 2010. Abstract

Until recently, the teaching of statistics in East Africa has been a traditional chalk-and-talk affair. In the last few years computers have become more widely accessible. At the same time many statistical resources of the highest quality are freely available for Africa, including Computer- Assisted Statistics Textbooks (CAST), an electronic textbook, GenStat Discovery Edition, (a statistics package), and training resources such as the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Training Pack DVD prepared by Statistics Services Centre (SSC) , Reading University. This means that change is not only possible but is within reach of lecturers all over Africa. Experiences at two Kenyan universities are described. Initiatives for undergraduates and postgraduates in both service teaching and specialist teaching of statistics are discussed.

KURIA KAMAU, McCormick D. Alila O(E)PM. "Production and Trade in Kenya." University of Nairobi Press, Nairobi. ISBN 9966-846-95-6.; 2007. Abstract
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KURIA KAMAU, Harneit-Sievers ASM,(Eds) SN. "China." Fountain Publishers Ltd. ISBN 978-906387-33-4; 2010. Abstract
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KURIA KAMAU, Ilembo Bahati PKFB. "Participation of Women in Fish Trade: A Case Study of Tanzania. Kampala:." Inter-University Council for East Africa. ISBN: 978-9970-452-01-9; 2013. Abstract
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KURIA KAMAU, Gallagher P. LP,(eds.) SAL. "Kenya." University Press. ISBN 0-521-67754-8; 2005. Abstract
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KURIA KAMAU, Carr MMW(E). "Can It Be Mended? Kenya and the MFA Phase Out." ISBN 0-978-0-85092-873-0; 2010. Abstract
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KURIA KAMAU, Kate Bird WO. "Trade-Poverty Linkages in Kenya.". Overseas Development Institute; 2004. Abstract
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KURIA KAMAU, Alila PO,(eds.) JMN. "Child Labour: A Conceptual Framework, Emergent Trends and Policy Directions." University of Nairobi Press, Nairobi. ISBN 9789789-966783-6074; 2009. Abstract
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KURIA KAMAU, Mawdsley E,(Eds) GMC. "The impact of India-Kenya Trade Relations on theKenya Garment Industry." Pambazuka Press Ltd. ISBN 978-906387- 65-5; 2011. Abstract
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and Kuria Alex OJNOA. "Tannin analysis of selected plants from Laikipia County, Kenya." Journal of the Society for Leather Technologists and Chemists, . 2016;100:73-76.
and Kuria Alex OJNOA. "Quality evaluation of leathers produced by selected vegetable tanning materials from Laikipia County, Kenya." Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, 9(4): 13-17. 2016;9(4):13-17.
KURIA MRKAMAUPAUL. "Public Procurement Reforms: Lessons from Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, (With W. Odhiambo) OECD Technical Paper Number 208, March 2003.". In: Published by the Polytechnic of Berlin, Berlin. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 2003.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "The microbiology of Uji fermentation.". In: WAITRO Traditional African Fermented Foods Workshop. Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute, 14 . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1995. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "a new approach to .". In: AFS/UNU workshop on Development of Indigenous Fermented foods and food technology in Africa, 14 18 Octobe3r 1985. Douala Cameroon. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1985. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
Kuria MW. "Psychiatric Emergencies Chapter 8.". In: Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
Kuria SG, Wanyoike MM, Gachuiri CK, Wahome RG. "Nutritive value of important range forage species camels in Marsabit District, Kenya.". 2005. Abstract

A study carried out in the semi-arid rangelands of Marsabit during dry and wet seasons assessed the content and seasonal variation of crude protein (CP) and fibre of important forage species for camels. Using a semi-structured questionnaire, herders were interviewed and the important forage species consumed by camels identified. The respondents were mainly men and boys responsible for camel herding in the area. The identified forage species were verified through direct field observation of grazing camels. A total of 109 forages were sampled and analysed for CP, Ash and fibre. Camels preferred dwarf shrubs during the wet season, herbaceous and grass species in the dry season. The mean CP and Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF) contents of preferred forages were 13.9iS.0% and S3.6iI3.7% of dry matter (DM) respectively. Fibre content of the forages declined while CP increased from dry to wet season. Shrubs were lower in NDF (Sl.OiI2.6%) and ash (1S.Si7.2%) and higher in DM (SO.OiI8.2%) and CP (14.7i4.9%) compared to grasses (NDF 60.4iI4.3%, ash = 18.SiS.2%, DM = 49.7iI7.8%, CP = 12.0iS.0%). It was concluded that the combination of forage species selected by the camels across sites and seasons was adequate in terms of CP.

KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Development of therapeutic feeding porridge rations for the clinically malnourished: Part A; Substitution of extrusion cooking with lactic fermentation. Submitted to Ecology of Food and nutrition Journal, USA.". In: CTA Annual seminar on the . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2005. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "The role of fermentation n weaning foods in Africa.". In: 30th European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (ESPGAN). 22nd May 1997. Thessaloniki, Greece. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1997. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
Kuria DJ. "Clinical application of tumour markers." East Africa Med. Journal. 2009;86(12):76-83 .
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "The nutritional and fermentation aspects of .". In: Proceedings; Improving young child feeding in Eastern and Southern Africa. Household . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1986. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
Kuria MW. "Sleep Disorders Chapter 5.". In: Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
Kuria JKN. "Streptococcus zooepidemicus pneumonia in a donkey: A case report." Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 1990;38:197.
Kuria SG, Gachuiri CK, Wanyoike MM, Wahome RG. "Use Of Linear Body Measurements In Estimating Live Weight Of Camel Calves In Kenya.". 2006.
Kuria MW. "Ethics in Psychiatry Chapter 19.". In: Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
Kuria MW, Omondi L, Olando Y, Makenyengo M, Bukusi D. "Is Sexual Abuse a Part of War? A 4-Year Retrospective Study on Cases of Sexual Abuse at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya." Journal of Public Health in Africa. 2013;4(e5):24-26.
Kuria KAM, Abuga KO, Masengo W, Govaerts C, Roets E, Busson R, de Witte P, Zupko I, Hoornaert G, Hoogmartens J, Laekeman G. "In vitro Antimalarial Activity of Ajuga remota Benth (Labiatae)." East Cent. Afr. J. Pharm. Sci.. 2003;6(2):26-30. Abstract

Ajuga remota Benth is the most frequently used plant to treat malaria by Kenyan herbalists. Both crude extracts and pure isolates of the plant were tested for their in vitro antimalarial properties. The activity was assessed by an enzyme assay method based on the measurement of the parasite lactate dehydrogenase activity. The IC50 of the most active A. remota extract (ethanol macerate) was 71 and 69 μg/ml against the chloroquine sensitive (FCA/20GHA) and resistant (W2) strains of Plasmodium falciparum respectively. Ajugarin-1 was moderately active with IC50 of 23.0 ± 3.0 μM as compared to chloroquine (IC50 = 0.041 ± 0.003 μM) against the chloroquine-sensitive strain of Plasmodium falciparum. Ergosterol-5, 8-endoperoxide was about 4x as potent (IC50 = 5.4 ± 1.9 μM) while 8-0- acetylharpagide, a new isolate of A.remota and whose structure was established by spectroscopic evidence, was inactive.

KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Information management strategies for small and medium agrofood Enterprises wit n special reference to maize, cassava and milk processors in Kenya.". In: CTA Annual seminar on the . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2006. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Effect of drying Lactic Fermented Uji (an East African Sour Porridge) on some carboxylic acids. J.Sci.Food Agric. 80: 1854-1858, 2000.". In: 6th International Seminar on Traditional African Fermented Foods, Sponsored by European Union, Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA) and CSIR . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2000. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
Kuria MM, T.Opiyo E, Okello W. "Multi-agents based Wireless Sensor Telemedicine Network for E-Health Monitoring of HIV Aids Patients.". In: Operations Research Society of Eastern Africa. Nairobi; 2014.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Scope and constraints for utilization of sorghum and millets as fermented and germinated products.". In: National workshop on sorghum and millets Systems K.I.A. April 10 . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1989. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "bugua, S.K. 1977 . The survey of recipes of .". In: AFS/UNU workshop on Development of Indigenous Fermented foods and food technology in Africa, 14 18 Octobe3r 1985. Douala Cameroon. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1977. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
Kuria MW. "Anxiety Disorders Chapter 2.". In: Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
Kuria JKN. "An outbreak of ulcerative enteritis in a flock of cockerels." Bulletin of Animal Health and Prodroduction in Africa . 1997;45:137-138.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Carine Dortua,b, Amenan A. Yaoa, Cristina Pintoc, Vinodh A. Edwardc, Melanie Kostinekd, Charles M.A.P. Franzd, Willhelm Holzapfeld, Moutairou Egounletye, Samuel Mbuguaf, Moses Mengug, Philippe Thonarta, b 2008; Use of Lactobacillus strains to start cassav.". In: International J of Food Microbiology vol 128: (2) 258 . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2008. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "The pasting behaviours of lactic-fermented and dried Uji (an East African sour porridge). J.Sci. Food Agric. 83: 1412 .". In: CTA Annual seminar on the . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2003. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "UNIMIX quality evaluation and development. A consultancy report for UNICEF Somalia Country Office June 1992. Nairobi, Kenya.". In: Workshop initiated by UNACC Subcommittee on Nutrition ACC/SCN), UNHCR and WFP with support by GTZ, 5 . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1992. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Zambian Munyoko survey. In Handbook of Indigenous fermented Foods, Ed. K.H Steinkraus, Mercel Dekker inc. pp 371, 1983.". In: AFS/UNU workshop on Development of Indigenous Fermented foods and food technology in Africa, 14 18 Octobe3r 1985. Douala Cameroon. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1983. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
Kuria JKN, Mbuthia PG, Kang'ethe EK, Wahome RG. "Caseous lymphadenitis in goats: The pathogenesis, Incubation Period and Serological Response after Experimental Infection." Veterinary Research communications. 2001;25:89-97.
Kuria MW. "Disorders of Infancy, Childhood and Adolescence Chapter 15.". In: Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
Kuria, Z.N., Woldai, T., Barongo, J.O., van der F.D. M. "Active fault segments as potential earthquake sources: inferences from integrated geophysical mapping of the Magadi fault system, southern Kenya Rift." Journal of African Earth Sciences . 2010;57:345-359.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Mapesa O J, S K Mbugua and S M Mahungu 2010; Sensory evaluation of dried beef strips treated with Acetic Acid, Brine and Monosodium Glutamate.Journal of Food Processing and Preservation 34: pp 272 .". In: Journal of Food Processing and Preservation 34: pp 272 . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2010. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "A method for the manufacture of a fermented cereal product. Aripo Patent No. Ap 122, 30.4 1992; U.K. patent: G.B. 2. 225 922 B. 20. 6. 1992.". In: Workshop initiated by UNACC Subcommittee on Nutrition ACC/SCN), UNHCR and WFP with support by GTZ, 5 . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1992. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Isolation and characterization of lactic acid bacterial during the traditional fermentation .". In: AFS/UNU workshop on Development of Indigenous Fermented foods and food technology in Africa, 14 18 Octobe3r 1985. Douala Cameroon. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1984. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA JOSEPHNGEIK, MOGOI DONALD, GACHUHI SAMUELGUCHU. "Co-infection by dimorphic fungi in tuberculosis patients in Kenya." International Journal of Mycobacteriology. 2020;9:116-120.
Kuria MW. "Disorders of Eating Chapter 12.". In: Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "The contamination of Kenyan lager beers with fusariyum mycotoxins. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, U.K. vol 110. No 3 227 .". In: CTA Annual seminar on the . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2004. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Structure, potential and constraints of cereal/pulses processing with special reference to Africa.". In: In workshop Proceedings on small scale food processing contributing to food security. 4 . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1995. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Application lactic cultures on the fermentation of .". In: AFS/UNU workshop on Development of Indigenous Fermented foods and food technology in Africa, 14 18 Octobe3r 1985. Douala Cameroon. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1984. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
Kuria JKN. "Disease caused by bacteria in cattle: Tuberculosis.". In: Disease caused by bacteria in cattle. London: IntechOpen books; 2019.
Kuria MW. "Dissociative Disorders Chapter 9.". In: Aid to Undergraduate Psychiatry. Nairobi: Kenyatta University Press; 2014.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Development of /therapeutic Feeding Porridge ration: Part B; Application of lactic fermentation and amylolytic enzymes, Submitted to Ecology of Food and nutrition journal, USA.". In: CTA Annual seminar on the . The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 2005. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.
KURIA PROFMBUGUASAMUEL. "Aflatoxin contamination in fermented and germinated products in Kenya. Proceedings 3rd Biennial Seminar on African fermented foods. In Traditional fermented food processing in Africa. Ed. M.Halm and M. Jakobsen, pp 103 .". In: 30th European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (ESPGAN). 22nd May 1997. Thessaloniki, Greece. The Icfai University Journal of Architecture, Vol. II No.1, February 2010; 1996. Abstract
Nine patients with acute liver failure due to Plasmodium falciparum liver injury admitted to the Rajgarhia Liver Unit of the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1982-84 are presented. The liver was palpable in all the patients, and eight had splenomegaly. Investigations revealed mild to moderate abnormality in liver function tests. All were negative for the markers of acute infection due to hepatitis A and B viruses. Blood film examination showed P. falciparum alone in seven and along with P. vivax in the remaining two patients. Liver histology, which was identical in all eight patients where liver biopsy was done, showed centrizonal necrosis and hyperplastic Kupffer cells loaded with malarial pigment. All the patients recovered with specific anti-malarial and supportive treatment. Our observations suggest that malaria due to P. falciparum may present as jaundice and encephalopathy which stimulates acute hepatic failure due to fulminant hepatitis.

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