Publications


2013

2011

Mulaku, GC, Nyadimo E.  2011.  GIS in education planning: The Kenyan School Mapping Project. Survey Review (UK)[ISSN 0039-6265]. 43(323):567-578.
Siriba, DN, Voss W, Mulaku GC.  2011.  The Kenyan cadastral system and modern land administration. ZfV (Germany)[ISSN 1618-8950]. 136 (3):177-186.

2009

Mulaku, GC, Kamau J.  2009.  Computer Assisted analysis of the impact of location on real property value: A case study of Nairobi, Kenya. The Appraisal Journal (USA)[ISSN 0003-7087]. 78(3):270-282.

2008

Mulaku, GC, Wakoli PC, Kiema JB.  2008.  Realignment of a guyed tower. Survey Review (UK)[ISSN 0039-6265]. 39(308):135-141.: Survey Review Abstract

Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

2007

Mulaku, GC, Kiema JB, Siriba DN.  2007.  Assessment of Kenya's readiness for Geospatial data Infrastructure take off. Survey Review (UK)[ISSN 0039-6265]. 39(306):328-337.: Survey Review Abstract

Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. Four hundred and thirty six pupils in two primary schools in Kibwezi, Kenya aged between seven and sixteen years and positive for S. mansoni were treated as follows: 320 pupils with a single dose of praziquantel at 40 mg/kg body weight and 116 controls with a placebo. Immediate and delayed side effects of praziquantel were observed. The main side-effects were abdominal pain (36.3%), headache (35.3%) and nausea (13.1%). There was correlation between frequencies of these side-effects and intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces. Other side-effects included dizziness (9.7%), fever (7.8%), urticaria and bloody diarrhoea. Overall, the side-effects of praziquantel were mild and transient, and did not require any intervention. For ethical reasons, all pupils who served as controls were treated with praziquantel after the study. PMID: 8898462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

2005

Mulaku, GC, Siriba DN.  2005.  Identification of alternative solid waste disposal sites in Nairobi, Kenya: The GIS approach. Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Practice (Kenya)[ISSN 1729-5769]. 2(2):39-47.: Survey Review Abstract

Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

2004

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2004.  Mulaku, G.C. (2004): The Role of a Professional GIS Association in Kenya: Keynote Paper Presented at the Kenya ESRI supported GIS User Group Symposium, University of Nairobi, Kenya, August 21, 2004. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2004.  Mulaku, G.C. and Siriba D.N.(2004): Building Geospatial Data for Multiple Purpose Applications: The Role of Standards, Paper Presented for presentation at the African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment(AARSE) Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, Octo. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2004.  Kiema, J.B., Karanja, F.N. and Mulaku G.C. (2004): From Surveying to Geospatial Engineering: Proposal for new degree programmes at the University of Nairobi: Paper presented at the 5th African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment (AARSE) Confe. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2004.  Mulaku, G.C. (2004): Accurate mapping: The first step to better spatial information Management by African utilities, Paper Published in the African Journal of Science and Technology, Vol.5, no. 2, June 2004.. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO, KINYUA PROFMWEASIXTUS, KINYUA PROFMWEASIXTUS.  2004.  GIS for highway engineering in developing countries.. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

2003

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2003.  Mulaku, G.C. (2003): Characteristics of Geospatial data, Paper Presented at the JICA Workshop on the application of Geospatial information and GIS, 19th March 2003, JKUAT, Juja, Kenya. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2003.  Mulaku, G.C.(2003): Capacity Building In Kenya To Meet The Challenges Of The 21st Century In Surveying And Mapping, Paper presented at the Symposium in Commemoration of the Survey of Kenya Centenary, Nairobi, Kenya, 8th October, 2003. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

2002

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2002.  Mulaku, G.C. (2002): Potential application of space technology to landslide study and management in Kenya, Paper Presented at the United Nations Workshop on the use of space technology for disaster management for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2002.  Mulaku, G.C. (2002): GIS data exchange and standards: Paper presented at the Kenya Institute of Surveying and Mapping international course on Geographic Information Systems, 13th August 2002, Nairobi , Kenya. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2002.  Mulaku, G.C. (2002): The concept of a National Spatial Data Infrastructure: An African Perspective, Paper Published in Geospatial Today, Vol.1(1), May/June 2002, pp. 13. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2002.  Mulaku, G.C. and Kariuki, L.W.: Mapping air pollution in Nairobi, Kenya, Paper Published in the African Journal of Environmental Assessment and Management, Vol. 4(1), pp. 29. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2002.  Mulaku, G.C. and Wakoli, P.C. (2002): After Disaster: The role of surveying in the Assessment of building structural integrity, Paper Published in the Journal of Civil Engineering, JKUAT, vol. 7, pp. 125 - 136 [ISSN 1562. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

2001

Mulaku, GC, Kariuki LW.  2001.  Mapping and analysis of air pollution in Nairobi, Kenya.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2001.  Mulaku, G. C. (2001): Land Information Systems: An overview, Paper presented at the Kenya Institute of Surveying and Mapping seminar on Land information systems , 26th July 2001 , Nairobi, Kenya. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

2000

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2000.  Mulaku G.C. (2000): Education and Training of Survey Professionals in a Technologically Changing World: The case of Kenya. Paper Published in the book, Land Survey and large Scale Mapping in Sub-Saharan Africa, by UN - Habitat, pp.100-107[ISBN 92-1-131 46. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  2000.  Mulaku, G.C. (2000): In search of an appropriate land tenure model for pastoral communities, Paper published in The African Pastoral Forum, September 2000, 27pp. [ISSN 1021. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

1998

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1998.  Mulaku, G.C. (1998): Setting up a LIS: A Systematic approach, Paper Published in the South African Journal of Surveying and Geo-information, vol.1, No. 5 & 6, August & December 2000, pp 260-264 [ISSN 1561-4026. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

1997

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1997.  Mulaku, G. C. and Lodwick, G. D. (1987): Map data digitizing and Automatic Hydrological Network Reconstruction, Paper Presented at the International Geographic Information Systems (IGIS) Symposium, Crystal city, USA.. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1997.  Mulaku, G.C. (1997): Land Information Management in Kenya: An integrated approach, Paper Published in the ITC Journal 1997-3/4,CD annex [ISSN 0303-2434]. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

1996

Mulaku, GC, McLaughlin JD.  1996.  Concepts For Improving Property Mapping In Kenya.
Mulaku, GC.  1996.  Cadastral Survey Integration For GIS.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1996.  Mulaku, G. C. (1996): Land Information Management in East Africa: An integrated approach. In Proceedings of the CASTLE/ISK regional seminar, NAIROBI, Kenya, July 23. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1996.  Mulaku. G.C. and McLaughlin, J.D. (1996): Concepts for Improving property mapping in Kenya, Paper Published in The South African Journal of Surveying and Mapping, Vol. 23, No. 10, April, 1996,pp 211-216 [ISSN 1023-5302].. Journal of Civil Engineering, research and practice Vol.1 Number 1 PP 75-88,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

1995

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1995.  Mulaku, G. C. (1996): Cadastral Survey integration for GIS, In Proceedings of the Conference on the application of remotely sensed data and Geographical Systems in Environmental and Natural Resources Assessment in Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe, March 15- 22, l. Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
O., PROFADUOLFRANCISW, M PROFSYAGGAPAUL, MBATHA DRCHRISTOPHER, CANNY PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1995.  Education for a modern integrated survey professional: a model curriculum with special reference to developing countries.. Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
O., PROFADUOLFRANCISW, CANNY PROFMULAKUGALCANO, CANNY PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1995.  The surveying profession into the 21st century.. The Kenya Surveyor, Vol. 3 No 4 Nov/Dec 1994 and Vol. 4 No 1 June 1995, Nairobi.. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

1993

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1993.  Mulaku, G.C. (1992): Establishing of GIS Capability at the Ministry of Reclamation and Development of Arid and Semi-Arid areas and Wastelands, Institutional issues, Publication of the World Bank ASAL Team, Nairobi Kenya. Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1993.  Mulaku, G. C.(1993): Surveying Education in the year 2000 and beyond, Paper Published in The Kenya Surveyor, Vol.3, No. 2, March 1993. Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

1992

CANNY, PROFMULAKUGALCANO.  1992.  Mulaku, G. C.(1992): GIS Education in Kenya, In Proceedings of Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, National GIS Conference, Nairobi March 1992.. Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. : Survey Review Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.

1987

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