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A Obiero, J Kalai OU. "Effect of Home Related Factors on Students Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya. ." International Journal of Education and Social Science. 2018;5(10):2415-1246 .
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Chui, J.N. , and J.K.A. Keter. 2000. Changes in soil chemical properties due to nitrogen fertilizer application and maize-bean cropping systems in a semi-arid region of Eastern Kenya. Intl. J. Biochem Physics, Vol. 10 & 11, 6-11.". In: East Afr Med J. 2002 Sep;79(9):457-60. University of Nairobi Press; 2002. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Kakai R, Bwayo JJ, Wamola IA, Ndinya-Achola JO, Nagelkerke NJ, Anzala AO, Plummer FA.Breastfeeding and immunity to intestinal infections.East Afr Med J. 1995 Mar;72(3):150-4.". In: East Afr Med J. 1995 Mar;72(3):150-4. IBIMA Publishing; 1995. Abstract
{ The purpose of this study was to compare immune response in breast and non breastfed children presenting with diarrhoea at Paediatric Observation Ward, Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH-POW) and Maternal and Child Health Clinic, Pumwani Maternity Hospital (PMH-MCH). Blood and stool samples were collected from the first four consecutive children aged 5 years and below per day, presenting with or without diarrhoea from January to December, 1992. The stools were tested for total IgA by single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) and specific IgA by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Peripheral blood CD4 and CD8 enumeration was done by flow cytometry. Stools were cultured for bacteria on selective media while ova and cysts of parasites were identified by wet preparation microscopy. A total of 457 children were enrolled into the study, 69.6% of whom presented with diarrhoea. Breastfed children tended to have a shorter duration of diarrhoea than either mixed fed or bottle fed (8.3 vs 9.8 vs 11.2 days
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Science and the man - MEDICOM.". In: The African Journal of Hospital Medicine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 2002. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER, G PROFGATEIDAVID, O PROFORINDADA. "Retrospective Study of Cancer of the Esophagus in Kenya.". In: Cancer Research, 38: 303 - 305. Earthscan, London. 978-1-84407-469-3 (*); 1978. Abstract
Retrospective Sturdy of Cancer of the Esophagus in Kenya - Cancer Research, 38: 303 - 305, February 1978. (Second of five authors - D.G. Gatei, A.E.O. Wasunna, D.A. Orinda and J. Muruka).
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Keter, J.K.A. and J.G.A. Fiskell. 1982. Maize response to phosphate sources and rates and to auxin on two Kenya soils. Soil Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. 41 :188-192.". In: First International Workshop on Capacity Building in Soil and Water Management in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 9-11 November, 1992. Academic Science Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN: 9966-831-15-0. University of Nairobi Press; 1982. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PM. "Women Should Focus on Whole Judiciary." Nairobi Star, July 20, 2020.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Congenital Heart Disease - MEDICOM.". In: The African Journal of Hospital Medicine 2. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1980. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; " Roles and Situations of Women in Kenya", in Journal of Negro Education, A Howard University Quarterly Review of Issues, Incident to the Education of Black People:1988. p 422 - 434.". In: Journal of Negro Education, A Howard University Quarterly Review of Issues, Incident to the Education of Black People:1988. p 422 - 434. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1988. Abstract
   
A. PROFESHIWANIARTHUR. "The Company Secretary: Reflections on a Dying Profession in Kenya(JICGK0.". In: Journal of African Meteorological Society, vol.15, 2001. A Matimba, M Oluka, B Ebeshi, J Sayi, Bolaji, J Del Favero , C Van Broeckhoven, AN Guanta; 2000. Abstract
Oral infection with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a frequent and well documented complication in immunosuppressed individuals including patients on immunosuppressive medication. We report the development of severe oral infection with HSV type 1 in a 34 year old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end stage renal disease (ESRD) following cadaveric renal transplantation at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh. The role of acyclovir in therapy and chemoprophylaxis is discussed.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""The Board of Adult Education Mandates and Goals".". In: The Dissemination Seminar for Adult and Continuing Education (ACE) Strategic Plan". At Machakos Garden Hotel. Kenya. 14 th to 16 th April 2003. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2003. Abstract

Tetralones were converted to tetralinylamines via Leuckart reaction.These were then used to protect carboxamide side-chains of glutamine and asparagine. Clevage studies using trifluoroacetic acid and boron tristrifluoroacetate were then done on these derivatives. The groups 1-tetralinyl, 5,7-dimethyl-1-tetralinyl and 7-methoxy-1-tetralinyl were found to be good carboxamide protecting groups in asparagine.

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""University of Nairobi Students Management Information Systems. Present and Way Forward / Policy Issues".". In: The Joint Committee and University Management Workshop at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies. Ruaraka, Nairobi. Kenya. 24 th and 25 th September 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract
   
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Mutanda, Kaviti and WAMOLA I.A. Patterns of Shigella Species and Serotypes in East Africa. EAMJ 56: 381, 1979.". In: EAMJ 56: 381, 1979. IBIMA Publishing; 1979. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A; "Research Priorities in Adult and Continuing Education in Kenya" in The State of Adult and Continuing Education in Africa. Eds Indabawa S.A; Oduaran A; Afrik T., and Walters S. ISBN 99916 - 53 - 33-3. John Meinert Printing. Windhoek 2000 p. 1.". In: The State of Adult and Continuing Education in Africa. Eds Indabawa S.A; Oduaran A; Afrik T., and Walters S. ISBN 99916 - 53 - 33-3. John Meinert Printing. Windhoek 2000 p. 107- 114. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Higher Education in Africa".". In: The second symposium on East Africa in Transition: Images, Identities and Institutions. 2 nd to 4 th July 2001. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract
   
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Olabu BO, Saidi HS, Hassanali J, Ogeng.". In: Clin Anat. 2007 Nov;20(8):943-5. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2007. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Ayim and WAMOLA I. A.Cross Infections in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Chapter in .". In: Chapter in . IBIMA Publishing; 1974. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Education systems in East Africa. Trends and Issues".". In: The KAAD Association of Scholars in East Africa (KASEA) Seminar on the "Impact of Brain Drain of the Economic Situation on Higher Education in East Africa" 17th to 21st Sept 1997 Nairobi. Kenya (co- authored with Prof. J. Shiundu). Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1997. Abstract

 

 

A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1993. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. EO. "Philosophy of History." University of Nairobi Press; 2007. Abstract
n/a
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Principles of Learning".". In: College of Education and External Studies University of Nairobi seminar 1991. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract

 

 

A. DRAGANDAALEX. "Aganda, A. A., Coney J. E. R., Sheppard, C. G. W., Farrant, P. E. A comparison of the experimental and predicted heat transfer performance of an evaporator coil circuit. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2000.". In: Presented, NUSESA Maintenance of Equipment for the Advancement of Science Regional Conference, Sheraton Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 3-4 December 2001. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 2000.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1990. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. ""Real Estate Sub-markets" paper presented to a Vision Consult Workshop in Kitwe, Zambia, 27th September, to 1st October, 1993.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1993. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Evaluating the Process and Products of a Programme".". In: Presented at the UNICEF second Sub-Regional workshop: Nazareth, Ethiopia, November 1982. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1982. Abstract

 

 

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. "Ph.D Thesis entitled "The Valuation of Waterfront Properties Along the Coastline of Kenya.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1986. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""New Technologies in Higher Education Pedagogy".". In: UNESCO Workshop on Teaching and Learning in Higher Education held in Nairobi Kenya 18-22 November 1996. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1996. Abstract
   
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Waithaka, J., and J.K.A. Keter 1992. Cooper adsorption in the A horizons of selected soils of Kenya. East Africa Journal of Sciences 1(1):63-83.". In: First International Workshop on Capacity Building in Soil and Water Management in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 9-11 November, 1992. Academic Science Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN: 9966-831-15-0. University of Nairobi Press; 1992. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Renovascular Hypertension at Kenyatta National Hospital.". In: East African Medical Journal. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1984. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; Course Design and Development in B. Matiru ed. Towards Academic and Professional Excellence in Higher Education. Part II. Bonn.1990. pp 69 - 78.". In: B. Matiru ed. Towards Academic and Professional Excellence in Higher Education. Part II. Bonn.1990. pp 69 - 78. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1990. Abstract
   
A. KSPE;KAK;LMV;BPM;. "Grappling With HIV Transmission Risks: Narratives of Rural Women in Eastern Kenya Living with HIV ." Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. 2012;23 (5)(Sept/Oct. 2012):442-453.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Pain. A Brief Appraisal.". In: Calcutta Medical College Magazine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1967. Abstract
A clinical, radiological, histological, and geographical study of carcinoma of the esophagus in Kenya is reported. It was found that this cancer is diagnosed more often in males than in females, with a ration of 8:1 (Kenya Cancer Registry). The most common age in males and females is 50 to 59 years. The regions of the esophagus most commonly involved are the middle and lower thirds, in almost equal proportions. An unexplained tendency for the tumor to be poorly differentiated towards the lower third is noted. In addition a review on the possible etiological factors is presented.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; "The History of Maseno School, Its Alumni, and the Local Society, 1906 to 1962." M.A. Thesis, University of Nairobi 1974.". In: M.A. Thesis, University of Nairobi 1974. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1974.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Mirza and WAMOLA I.A. Meningococcal meningitis over the past thirteen years (1967-79) at Kenyatta National Hospital, EAMJ 57: 883-890, 1980.". In: EAMJ 57: 883-890, 1980. IBIMA Publishing; 1980. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Development of Education in East Africa. Trends and Issues Affecting Development".". In: The Symposium on East Africa in Transition. Nairobi. Kenya. July 2001. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract

 

 

A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Kilonzi PJ, Saidi HS, Hassanali J, Ogeng.". In: East African Orthopaedic Journal. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2008. Abstract
Background: Prolapsed intervertebral disk (PID) disease can be managed conservatively or surgically with different reported outcomes.Objective: The present study aimed at assessing the management and outcomes of slipped intervertebral disk disease at the Kenyatta National hospital.Study Design: A retrospective cross-sectional study.Setting: Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) a referral and teaching Hospital in Kenya.Patients and Methods: Consecutive files of all cases of slipped intervertebral disk disease from January1997 to December 2007 were retrieved from the Medical records at the Kenyatta National Hospital. The biodata, management methods and the outcomes of the procedures were recorded. The collecteddata was analyzed using the SPSS 17.0 for Windows.Results: Six hundred and three cases were reviewed. All patients received analgesics and bed rest.Five percent of the patients were put on bilateral traction for two weeks while 4% of the patients had corsets. Thirty five per cent of the patients were surgically managed. Over a third of the surgically managed patients had laminectomies. Microdiscectomy was increasingly popular in the latter half ofthe study period. Of the managed patients 95% reported improvement while 92% were complication free. The rate of reherniation and reoperation was 1.5% and 1.2% respectively.Conclusion: The management of PID at Kenyatta National Hospital is largely successful with few cases of complications. In selected patients both conservative and surgical care are used in tandem. Microdiscectomy is an increasingly popular surgical procedure at the KNH.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Shah, DM, Slack RCB and WAMOLA I.A. Single dose treatment of Acute Gonorrhoea in Males .". In: (Paper presented to KMA meeting, Mombasa March 1976). IBIMA Publishing; 1976. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A. and J.O. Shiundu; "Education Systems in East Africa - Trends and Issues," in Thomas Mcdonald, and Thomas W. Scheidtweiler (eds.) Higher Education in East Africa. Proceedings of a KASEA Seminar 17 - 21 September 1997 Nairobi. Kenya. Katholisch.". In: Six- Monthly Journal of the Dakar Regional Office ISSN 0850- 1432 No. 12 March 1996. UNESCO. Dakar p78-82. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1997. Abstract

 

 

A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1994. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DROKOOLARAPHAELE. "Okoola, R.E.; Camberlin, P.; and Ininda, J.M., 2008: Wet periods along the East African Coast and the extreme wet spell of October 1997. Jour. Kenya Meteorol. Soc. Vol 2 No. 1, 67 - 83.". In: Jour. Kenya Meteorol. Soc. Vol 2 No. 1, 67 - 83. Kenya Met Soc; 2008. Abstract
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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; University Staff Development. Part One. German Foundation for International Development. Bonn. 1991. pp 110.". In: German Foundation for International Development. Bonn. 1991. pp 110. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Kakai R, Wamola IA, Bwayo JJ.Association of human rotavirus infection and intestinal rotavirus-specific immunoglobulin A in children with diarrhoea. East Afr Med J. 1995 Apr;72(4):217-9.". In: East Afr Med J. 1995 Apr;72(4):217-9. IBIMA Publishing; 1995. Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of intestinal specific rotavirus IgA antibody in protection against diarrhoea due to rotavirus infection. Stool from children aged below 5 years with diarrhoea who reported to the Paediatric Observation Ward, Kenyatta National Hospital were examined for micro-organisms and IgA antibody. Specific rotavirus IgA antibody and antigen were determined using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technique. Out of 153 stool specimens, 22% (34/153) were positive for rotavirus antigen and 15% (23/153) had IgA specific antibody to rotavirus. Children with specific IgA to rotavirus had no rotavirus except in two cases (p < 0.05). There was no difference in levels of specific IgA antibody between normal and malnourished children (p = 0.4). It is probable that intestinal specific IgA to rotavirus protects children against rotavirus diarrhoea.
A. DRKITAAJAFREDM. "Kirui GK, Mande JD and Kitaa JMA. Spectrophotometric analysis of cytoliths from a German Shepherd dog.". In: KVA conference 2005 Nairobi. au-ibar; 2005. Abstract
   
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1990. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. ""Implications of the European Market on Africa Economies and the Emergence of a United States of Africa" paper presented to the Zambia Journal of Business, 1995.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1995. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Leadership in Community Projects".". In: Pan- African Institute, Project Management Workshop, Kabwe, Zambia. 1984 and 1985. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1985. Abstract

 

 

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. ""The Markets for Coffee: A Feasibility Study", a research consultancy for Likoni Coffee Plaza Limited, September, 1988.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1988. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Karani, F.A.; Research Priorities in Adult Education in Kenya" Journal of Adult Education, vol.3 No.l, 1996. Nairobi. p7 - 14.". In: Journal of Adult Education, vol.3 No.l, 1996. Nairobi. p7 - 14. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1996. Abstract
   
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Kwaje, S., and J.K.A. Keter (Eds.) 1994. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Capacity Building in Soil and Water Management in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 9-11 November, 1992. Academic Science Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN: 9966-831-15-0.". In: First International Workshop on Capacity Building in Soil and Water Management in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 9-11 November, 1992. Academic Science Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN: 9966-831-15-0. University of Nairobi Press; 1994. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Wachira JN, Mwaniki DL, Odhiambo PA.Incidence and pattern of oesophageal perforations in Kenyatta National Hospital.East Afr Med J. 1990 Oct;67(10):712-6.". In: East Afr Med J. 1990 Oct;67(10):712-6. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1990. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""The External Bachelor of Education Degree, College of Education and External Studies, University of Nairobi. A Case Study. Presented at the Sub-Regional Workshop on "Towards Academic and Professional Excellence in Higher Education".". In: Presented at the Sub-Regional Workshop on "Towards Academic and Professional Excellence in Higher Education". Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract
   
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Gall Bladder Disease and Adult Obstructive Jaundice at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi,.". In: East African Medical Journal 53 (2): 74 - 81. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1976. Abstract
A clinical, radiological, histological, and geographical study of carcinoma of the esophagus in Kenya is reported. It was found that this cancer is diagnosed more often in males than in females, with a ration of 8:1 (Kenya Cancer Registry). The most common age in males and females is 50 to 59 years. The regions of the esophagus most commonly involved are the middle and lower thirds, in almost equal proportions. An unexplained tendency for the tumor to be poorly differentiated towards the lower third is noted. In addition a review on the possible etiological factors is presented.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Evaluation Models".". In: Presented at the Institute of Adult Studies, University of Nairobi seminar, 1982. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1982. Abstract
   
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Introducing the Adult and Continuing Education Bill - . Board of Adult and Continuing Education Act CAP 223 1966/7".". In: The Kenya Adult Education Association Seminar at the Kenya Institute of Education, Nairobi. Kenya. 4 th May 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract
Tetralones were converted to tetralinylamines via Leuckart reaction.These were then used to protect carboxamide side-chains of glutamine and asparagine. Clevage studies using trifluoroacetic acid and boron tristrifluoroacetate were then done on these derivatives. The groups 1-tetralinyl, 5,7-dimethyl-1-tetralinyl and 7-methoxy-1-tetralinyl were found to be good carboxamide protecting groups in asparagine.
A. PROFESHIWANIARTHUR. "The Ultra-Vires Axe - Some Reflections, 1979:9 (Commissioned by the Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Kenya, for purposes of launching the first offical journal of the institute.". In: The Kenya Accountant, Vol. 1:14; Vol.2. A Matimba, M Oluka, B Ebeshi, J Sayi, Bolaji, J Del Favero , C Van Broeckhoven, AN Guanta; 1979. Abstract
Oral infection with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a frequent and well documented complication in immunosuppressed individuals including patients on immunosuppressive medication. We report the development of severe oral infection with HSV type 1 in a 34 year old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end stage renal disease (ESRD) following cadaveric renal transplantation at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh. The role of acyclovir in therapy and chemoprophylaxis is discussed.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Mirza NB, WAMOLA I.A and Bubi J. Resistance Patterns of Gram Negative Pathogens from Clinical Material. Medicom Vol 3 (4): 105. 1981.". In: Medicom Vol 3 (4): 105. 1981. IBIMA Publishing; 1981. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A. "Development of Education in Kenya" "in East Africa Transition Communities, Cultures and Change. Eds Bahemuka J.M. & Brockington J.I. Action Publishers Nairobi 2001.". In: East Africa Transition Communities, Cultures and Change. Eds Bahemuka J.M. & Brockington J.I. Action Publishers Nairobi 2001. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract

 

 

A. AA, J.K. I, A.M. M, O. OF, RW. N. "Knowledge , attitudes and use of bovine blood as food on Kisumu County Kenya.". In: 1st National Food and Nutrition Symposium. Nairobi, Kenya; 2016.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Literacy and Education".". In: The OSSREA Kenya Chapter National Conference on Poverty, Literacy, Health and Environmental Issues in Kenya : Exploring the Alternative Strategies. 28 th to 30 th March 2001. Stem Hotel. Nakuru. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract
   
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Olabu BO, Ogeng.". In: East African Orthopaedic Journal. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2008. Abstract
Background: Prolapsed intervertebral disk (PID) disease can be managed conservatively or surgically with different reported outcomes.Objective: The present study aimed at assessing the management and outcomes of slipped intervertebral disk disease at the Kenyatta National hospital.Study Design: A retrospective cross-sectional study.Setting: Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) a referral and teaching Hospital in Kenya.Patients and Methods: Consecutive files of all cases of slipped intervertebral disk disease from January1997 to December 2007 were retrieved from the Medical records at the Kenyatta National Hospital. The biodata, management methods and the outcomes of the procedures were recorded. The collecteddata was analyzed using the SPSS 17.0 for Windows.Results: Six hundred and three cases were reviewed. All patients received analgesics and bed rest.Five percent of the patients were put on bilateral traction for two weeks while 4% of the patients had corsets. Thirty five per cent of the patients were surgically managed. Over a third of the surgically managed patients had laminectomies. Microdiscectomy was increasingly popular in the latter half ofthe study period. Of the managed patients 95% reported improvement while 92% were complication free. The rate of reherniation and reoperation was 1.5% and 1.2% respectively.Conclusion: The management of PID at Kenyatta National Hospital is largely successful with few cases of complications. In selected patients both conservative and surgical care are used in tandem. Microdiscectomy is an increasingly popular surgical procedure at the KNH.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A and Shiroya, AGMI. The Role of Preventive Disease in causing Death in Kenya .". In: Proceedings of the EAMRC Annual Scientific Conference (1976). IBIMA Publishing; 1976. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Introductory Address.". In: The National Consultation meeting on Post Literacy Curriculum in Kenya; at the Kenya College of Communications Technology, Mbagathi, Nairobi. Kenya 30th March 1998. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1998. Abstract

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A. MRJALEHAALEXC. "Jaleha A.A. "The implications of Motor vehicle thefts on the underwriting processes in Kenya", MBA Research Project,.". In: Department of Clinical Studies University of Nairobi 2008. Departmental seminar; 1993. Abstract
Description: This book describes four types of indigenous water retention structures used in East Africa. These structures are the Berkad tank, the Charco dam, sand wiers and hillside water retention ditches.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1996. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; "Actualizing Education in Africa : Future Directions and Strategies" in the Journal of Basic Education, Eastern and Southern Africa. BERC Vol 4, January 1994. pp 15 - 25.". In: The Journal of Basic Education, Eastern and Southern Africa. BERC Vol 4, January 1994. pp 15 - 25. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1994. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Muriuki SM, McDermott JJ, Arimi SM, Mugambi JT, Wamola IA.Criteria for better detection of brucellosis in the Narok District of Kenya.East Afr Med J. 1997 May;74(5):317-20.". In: East Afr Med J. 1997 May;74(5):317-20. IBIMA Publishing; 1997. Abstract
Monthly disease summary sheets from 1986-1992 of 60 dispensaries, clinics and hospitals in Narok district, Kenya were reviewed for the occurrence of brucellosis and other diseases with "flu-like symptoms". Diseases with these symptoms accounted for about 52% of the 1,037,875 cases reported for the time period. These were classified as malaria (79.3%), rheumatism (7.1%), PUO (2.4%), and brucellosis (0.8%). Brucellosis was diagnosed by a positive Rose Bengal (RB) test routinely conducted in seven out of the 60 health units. In these units, 55% of flu-like cases were classified as malaria and 21.2% as brucellosis. Individual case records of patients at four dispensaries using the RB test during 1991-92 were assessed for specific predictor symptoms. For 625 RB tested patients, a positive test result was associated with joint pain, headache, and the combinations of joint pain with headache and lameness with headache. A logistic regression model correctly predicted the RB test result in 62.3% of the time. For the 465 patients examined by the blood smear examination, identification of malaria parasites was associated with, headache, joint pain and combinations of emesis with pale mucous membranes. This regression model correctly predicted positive results 67.2% of the time. Both models indicate that selected clinical predictors represented significantly increased odds of being positive to the respective tests. However, for both diseases, clinical signs alone appear insufficient for reliable diagnosis and differentiation probably due to resemblance in symptomatology between these two and other diseases.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Student Unrest in Public Universities".". In: Workshop on Working Together for Sustainable Development in Planning, Management and Gender Issues, organized for Vice Chancellors, Deputy Vice Chancellors and Principals of Public Universities in Kenya. Lake Elementaita Lodge, Gilgil, Kenya. 24 th t. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1998. Abstract
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A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1991. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. "a proposal for the establishment of the Mombasa Islamic University in 2001.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 2001. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; "Curriculum Development : An Approach to Designing Training Programmes" in International Journal of University Adult Education. Vol XXV No 2. Don Bosco Printing Company, Hong Kong. July 1986 p 53 - 67.". In: International Journal of University Adult Education. Vol XXV No 2. Don Bosco Printing Company, Hong Kong. July 1986 p 53 - 67. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1986. Abstract

 

 

A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1989. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. ""Land Use Policy in Relation to Social Forestry in Kenya". Paper presented to the Social Forestry Refresher Course, Muguga, Nairobi, 12th to 16th March, 1990.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1990. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Relevance of Higher Education in Africa in the 21st century".". In: African Regional Consultation, Preparatory to the World Conference on Higher Education in the 21st Century. UNESCO, DAKAR Senegal. 1st to 4th April 1997. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1997. Abstract
   
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Owino-Gerroh, C., J.K.A. Keter and J.P. Mbuvi. 1996. Effect of tea cropping on the structure of some Kenya soils. Pp 289-298. In: proceedings of the 15th Annual General Meeting, SSEA, held in Nanyuki, Kenya. ISBN 9966-879-27-7.". In: East Afr Med J. 2002 Sep;79(9):457-60. University of Nairobi Press; 1996. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Odhiambo F A, WAMOLA I.A and Ndinya-Achola J O. Aerobic and facultative bacterial isolates from blood cultures of children with clinically diagnosed septicaemia.East Afr Med J. 1991 Nov;68(11):869-74.". In: East Afr Med J. 1991 Nov;68(11):869-74. IBIMA Publishing; 1991. Abstract
A total of 120 sets of blood cultures were performed aerobically from 60 children with clinically diagnosed septicaemia at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. Out of these, 36 (30%) sets from 19 (31.7%) patients yielded bacterial growth while 84 (70%) sets from 41 (68.3%) were negative. Salmonella typhimurium was the most frequently isolated bacteria (63%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (15.8%). Salmonella typhimurium isolates were mostly multi-antibiotic resistant, most of them only sensitive to amikacin and cefotaxime, while all were resistant to ampicillin and co-trimoxazole, the most frequently used antibiotic in this hospital. PIP: Between March 1987-January 1988, physicians enrolled 60 pediatric patients with a fever who were admitted to the Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya for various clinical conditions in a study to determine the types, frequency, and antibiotic sensitivity patterns of aerobic and facultative bacterial isolates. Most of the patients were 13 months-4 years old (45%). 31.7% of the patients had positive blood cultures. Staphylococcus aureus was the 2nd most common bacteria (15.8%) among these patients. Laboratory personnel isolated Salmonella typhimurium in most patients (63%). In fact, during the same period, the Diagnostic Microbiology Laboratory at the hospital identified Salmonella species in 48% of all isolated bacteria and 35% of these were S. typhimurium. S. typhimurium tended to be present in children with gastroenteritis (41.8%) or a fever of unknown origin (33.3%). S. typhimurium was very sensitive to amikacin and cefotaxime, but resistant to ampicillin and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. Health workers in Kenya have frequently administered ampicillin and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, but not amikacin and cefotaxime. 67% of the strains of S. typhimurium were resistant to gentamicin and 33% to chloramphenicol. These results along with those of other reports from this hospital indicated a dramatic rise in Gram negative bacteria resistance to antibiotics. Therefore physicians should no longer consider gentamicin as a 1st line antibiotic in treating suspected septicemia patients.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Witchcraft Psychiatry?". In: East Africa Journal. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1996. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the bacteriology and antibiotic sensitivity of the bacterial isolates in chronic maxillary sinusitis patients seen at the Kenyatta National Hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, ENT department. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients had bilateral sntral washout done and the lavage submitted for culture and anti-microbial sensitivity between January and June 1996. RESULTS: Antral lavage yielded secretions in 63% of patients but bacteria were cultured in only 28.8% of the specimens. The isolates included Streptococcus pneumonia (22.2%), Staphylocococus albus (18.5%), Staphylocococus aureus (11.1%) and Enterobactericiae (11.1%). Anaerobic bacteria were cultured in 22.2% of the specimens. Of the commonly used antibiotics, there was high sensitivity to erythromycin, cefadroxyl, chloramphenicol and amoxicillin and poor sensitivity to ampicillin, cotrimoxazole and perfloxacin. CONCLUSION: The bacteriology of chronic maxillary sinusitis at Kenyatta National Hospital is generally similar to that found elsewhere. The bacteria are susceptible to relatively affordable antibiotics like amoxicillin, erythromycin and cefadroxyl.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; "Effective Teaching in University" in F.A.Karani and J.A. Okumbe, University Staff Development, Part Two. German Foundation for International Development, Bonn.1991. pp 48 - 75.". In: .A.Karani and J.A. Okumbe, University Staff Development, Part Two. German Foundation for International Development, Bonn.1991. pp 48 - 75. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract
   
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: BSc. Dissertation University of Nairobi. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1986. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Some Aspects of Suppurative Lung Lesions at Kenyatta National Hospital.". In: East African Medical Journal, 55 (1): 25 - 30. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1978. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFESHIWANIARTHUR. "The Legal Personality and the Wolrd of Fact: a Myth or Reality?". In: The Scottish Law Gazette Vol. 52, No. 4: 119. A Matimba, M Oluka, B Ebeshi, J Sayi, Bolaji, J Del Favero , C Van Broeckhoven, AN Guanta; 1984. Abstract
Oral infection with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a frequent and well documented complication in immunosuppressed individuals including patients on immunosuppressive medication. We report the development of severe oral infection with HSV type 1 in a 34 year old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end stage renal disease (ESRD) following cadaveric renal transplantation at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh. The role of acyclovir in therapy and chemoprophylaxis is discussed.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A, Mirza NB and Nsazumuhire H. Penicillin resistant Pneumococcal Meningitis in Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. EAMJ Vol 58: 112. Jan 1981.". In: EAMJ Vol 58: 112. Jan 1981. IBIMA Publishing; 1981. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Management of Academic Programmes with special Reference to the Examination Process".". In: The Senate Workshop held at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies, Ruaraka, Nairobi. Kenya. 23 August 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Sack D A, Slack, RCB, WAMOLA I.A and Kamnisky. Travellers.". In: John Hopkins Medical Journal Vol. 14:63-79. (Aug. 1977). IBIMA Publishing; 1977. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A. "Relevance of Higher Education: Policies and Practices" in Higher Education in Africa : Achievements. Challenges and Prospects. UNESCO Regional Office (BREDA) BP.3311 Dakar, Senegal. ISBN 92-9091- 072-0 1998. pp 20.". In: Higher Education in Africa : Achievements. Challenges and Prospects. UNESCO Regional Office (BREDA) BP.3311 Dakar, Senegal. ISBN 92-9091- 072-0 1998. pp 20. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1998. Abstract

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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""University of Nairobi position paper on Base for African Human Capacity Building".". In: The BAHCB Inter-University in East Africa Region Workshop 23 rd to 24 th March 2000. Intercontinental Hotel. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract
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A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1998. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A. 1967. Correlation of Virulence and Biochemical characteristic of strains of Staph. aureus from bovine mastitis. MSc Thesis of University of New Hampshire. 79 pages.". In: MSc Thesis of University of New Hampshire. 79 pages. IBIMA Publishing; 1967. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "English M, Ngama M, Musumba C, Wamola B, Bwika J, Mohammed S, Ahmed M, Mwarumba S, Ouma B, McHugh K, Newton C.Causes and outcome of young infant admissions to a Kenyan district hospital. Arch Dis Child. 2003 May;88(5):438-43.". In: Arch Dis Child. 2003 May;88(5):438-43. IBIMA Publishing; 2003. Abstract
AIMS: To provide a comprehensive description of young infant admissions to a first referral level health facility in Kenya. These data, currently lacking, are important given present efforts to standardise their care through the integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) and for prioritising both health care provision and disease prevention strategies. METHODS: Prospective, 18 month observational study in a Kenyan district hospital of all admissions less than 3 months of age to the paediatric ward. RESULTS: A total of 1080 infants were studied. Mortality was 18% overall, though in those aged 0-7 days it was 34%. Within two months of discharge a further 5% of infants aged <60 days on admission had died. Severe infection and prematurity together accounted for 57% of inpatient deaths in those aged <60 days, while jaundice and tetanus accounted for another 27%. S pneumoniae, group B streptococcus, E coli, and Klebsiella spp. were the most common causes of invasive bacterial disease. Hypoxaemia, hypoglycaemia, and an inability to feed were each present in more than 20% of infants aged 0-7 days. Both hypoxaemia and the inability to feed were associated with inpatient death (OR 3.8 (95% CI 2.5 to 5.8) and 7.4 (95% CI 4.8 to 11.2) respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Young infants contribute substantially to paediatric inpatient mortality at the first referral level, highlighting the need both for basic supportive care facilities and improved disease prevention strategies.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1992. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DROKOOLARAPHAELE. "Characteristics of the ITCZ over equatorial Eastern Africa based on station rainfall records.". In: J. Afric. Meteorol. Soc.,3, 61-101. Kenya Met Soc; 1998. Abstract
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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; " Roles and Situations of Women in Kenya", in Journal of Negro Education, A Howard University Quarterly Review of Issues, Incident to the Education of Black People:1988. p 422 - 434.". In: Journal of Negro Education, A Howard University Quarterly Review of Issues, Incident to the Education of Black People:1988. p 422 - 434. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1988. Abstract

 

 

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. "Prioritizing Research Agena for Public Consumption in Developing Countries", paper presented to a Research Methodology Workshop for Cooperative College of Kenya Lecturers, Nyeri, 5th to 10th January, 1992.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1992. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; "The History of Maseno School, Its Alumni, and the Local Society, 1906 to 1962." M.A. Thesis, University of Nairobi 1974.". In: M.A. Thesis, University of Nairobi 1974. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1974.
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Owino-Gerroh, C., J.K.A. Keter and J.P. Mbuvi. 1999. Agronomic response estimates of acidulated and unacidulated phosphorus sources for tea (Camellia sp. L.) in Kenya. Tea 20(1), 21-29.". In: East Afr Med J. 2002 Sep;79(9):457-60. University of Nairobi Press; 1999. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Wamola IA.Microbial contamination of commercial food products: fact or fiction.East Afr Med J. 1992 Mar;69(3):121-2.". In: East Afr Med J. 1992 Mar;69(3):121-2. IBIMA Publishing; 1992. Abstract
An increase in illness due to measles is one of the potential consequences of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in Africa. During a study of perinatal HIV transmission conducted in Kenya, the risk of acquiring measles before vaccination (9 months of age) was found to be 3.8 times higher in infants born to HIV-seropositive mothers than in control infants (10 [9%] of 109 vs. 5 [3%] of 194 infants; P = .02; odds ratio, 3.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-13.2). The majority of infants who developed measles in this study had significant sequelae related to their measles infection. The increased risk of measles appeared to be related to relatively lower anti-measles antibody titers detected in cord blood samples of affected infants born to HIV-seropositive mothers. However, 94% of all infants were susceptible to measles on the basis of ELISA testing at age 6 months regardless of maternal HIV serology. These observations highlight the need for improved measles vaccination strategies in Africa and for studies to delineate the effects of HIV infection on the incidence,
A. K. Survival rate of proximal ART restorations. Germany: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co, Saarbrucken; 2011.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: The Nairobi Journal of Medicine, Vol. 13 No. 1. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1987. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Some rare lesions of the oesophagus - MEDICOM:.". In: The African Journal of Hospital Medicine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1999. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the bacteriology and antibiotic sensitivity of the bacterial isolates in chronic maxillary sinusitis patients seen at the Kenyatta National Hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital, ENT department. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients had bilateral sntral washout done and the lavage submitted for culture and anti-microbial sensitivity between January and June 1996. RESULTS: Antral lavage yielded secretions in 63% of patients but bacteria were cultured in only 28.8% of the specimens. The isolates included Streptococcus pneumonia (22.2%), Staphylocococus albus (18.5%), Staphylocococus aureus (11.1%) and Enterobactericiae (11.1%). Anaerobic bacteria were cultured in 22.2% of the specimens. Of the commonly used antibiotics, there was high sensitivity to erythromycin, cefadroxyl, chloramphenicol and amoxicillin and poor sensitivity to ampicillin, cotrimoxazole and perfloxacin. CONCLUSION: The bacteriology of chronic maxillary sinusitis at Kenyatta National Hospital is generally similar to that found elsewhere. The bacteria are susceptible to relatively affordable antibiotics like amoxicillin, erythromycin and cefadroxyl.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Mapping out Directions in Formal Education for the Girl Child in Kenya".". In: Technical Workshop on Mapping out Direction for the Girl Child in Kenya. 13th to 15th October 1993 at the Mary Ward - Karen. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1993. Abstract
   
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: BSc. Dissertation, University of Nairobi. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1986. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "The Effects of Aorta-Iliac Operations on Sexual Function in the Male Re- emphasis on possible Preventive Measures.". In: East African Medical Journal 56 (10): 490 - 497. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1979. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; "Adult Education and Information Development Projections in Distance and Continuing Education" in Information for National Development. Proceedings of the Kenya Library Association Annual Seminar, Nairobi. Published by the National Council fo.". In: Information for National Development. Proceedings of the Kenya Library Association Annual Seminar, Nairobi. Published by the National Council for Science. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1986. Abstract
   
A. DROTIENOALFREDT. "Reproductive Preference Implementation Index: An examination of Demographic and Health Surveys Data from 60 Developing Countries.". In: Population of Association of America Annual Meeting 1-3 May, Boston USA. E Afr Med J; 2003. Abstract
Demography India 32 (2): 26-32
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A. "Higher Education in Africa" in East Africa in Transition: Images, Identities and Institutions Eds. Bahemuka J.M. and Brockington J.I. University of Nairobi Press, (in Press 2002).". In: East Africa in Transition: Images, Identities and Institutions Eds. Bahemuka J.M. and Brockington J.I. University of Nairobi Press, (in Press 2002). Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract
Tetralones were converted to tetralinylamines via Leuckart reaction.These were then used to protect carboxamide side-chains of glutamine and asparagine. Clevage studies using trifluoroacetic acid and boron tristrifluoroacetate were then done on these derivatives. The groups 1-tetralinyl, 5,7-dimethyl-1-tetralinyl and 7-methoxy-1-tetralinyl were found to be good carboxamide protecting groups in asparagine.
A. PROFESHIWANIARTHUR. "Institution Building in Kenya: A Triumph or Tragedy? JALD Vol. 1: 18 Studies (ACTS), Nairobi, 1992.". In: Journal of African Meteorological Society, vol.15, 2001. A Matimba, M Oluka, B Ebeshi, J Sayi, Bolaji, J Del Favero , C Van Broeckhoven, AN Guanta; 1992. Abstract
Oral infection with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a frequent and well documented complication in immunosuppressed individuals including patients on immunosuppressive medication. We report the development of severe oral infection with HSV type 1 in a 34 year old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end stage renal disease (ESRD) following cadaveric renal transplantation at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh. The role of acyclovir in therapy and chemoprophylaxis is discussed.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Ajusi JD, Onyango FE, Mutanda LN and WAMOLA I.A. Bacteriology of unheated expressed breast milk stored at room temperature. EAMJ 66(6): 381 1989.". In: EAMJ 66(6): 381 1989. IBIMA Publishing; 1989. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; "Women in Higher Education in Africa" in the Kenya Adult Educator Journal of the Kenya Adult Education Association - Nairobi (in press Nairobi 2002).". In: Kenya Adult Educator Journal of the Kenya Adult Education Association - Nairobi (in press Nairobi 2002). Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract

Tetralones were converted to tetralinylamines via Leuckart reaction.These were then used to protect carboxamide side-chains of glutamine and asparagine. Clevage studies using trifluoroacetic acid and boron tristrifluoroacetate were then done on these derivatives. The groups 1-tetralinyl, 5,7-dimethyl-1-tetralinyl and 7-methoxy-1-tetralinyl were found to be good carboxamide protecting groups in asparagine.

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Zimmerman, R R and WAMOLA I.A. A case of Acinetobacterial menegitis. EAMJ Vol. 54 No. 3 (March 1977 pp. 152).". In: EAMJ Vol. 54 No. 3 (March 1977 pp. 152). IBIMA Publishing; 1977. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Development of Education in Kenya".". In: The 1 st Symposium on East Africa in Transition; Communities, Cultures and Change. Nairobi. Kenya. 4 - 7 th July 2000. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract

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A. MRMUNGAGILBERT. "(2001). Concrete Practices in Kenya (2001). Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Symposium.". In: Presented at the Commonwealth Association of Surveying and Land Economy (CASLE) and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) Seminar, Harare,. Survey Review; 2001. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A; "Research Priorities in Adult and Continuing Education in Kenya" in The State of Adult and Continuing Education in Africa. Eds Indabawa S.A; Oduaran A; Afrik T., and Walters S. ISBN 99916 - 53 - 33-3. John Meinert Printing. Windhoek 2000 p. 1.". In: The State of Adult and Continuing Education in Africa. Eds Indabawa S.A; Oduaran A; Afrik T., and Walters S. ISBN 99916 - 53 - 33-3. John Meinert Printing. Windhoek 2000 p. 107- 114. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract
   
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ongeti KW, Saidi H, Ogeng.". In: Clin Anat. 2007 Nov;20(8):943-5. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2007. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A 1971. Cellular localization of five exoprotein antigens of Staph aureus Ph.D Thesis of University of New Hampshire, U.S.A, 148 pages.". In: Ph.D Thesis of University of New Hampshire, U.S.A, 148 pages. IBIMA Publishing; 1971. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""New Technologies in Higher Education Pedagogy".". In: UNESCO Workshop on Teaching and Learning in Higher Education held in Nairobi Kenya 18-22 November 1996. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1996. Abstract

 

 

A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1992. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DROKOOLARAPHAELE. "The importance of improved regional and Global Climate Observations; Eastern and southern Africa regional perspective.". In: Impact; Newsletter of the climate Network Africa, Special Edition. Kenya Met Soc; 2001. Abstract
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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; Course Design and Development in B. Matiru ed. Towards Academic and Professional Excellence in Higher Education. Part II. Bonn.1990. pp 69 - 78.". In: B. Matiru ed. Towards Academic and Professional Excellence in Higher Education. Part II. Bonn.1990. pp 69 - 78. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1990. Abstract

 

 

A. HASHIM. "Muslim-State Relations in Kenya after the Referendum on the Constitution." African Association for the Study of Religions Bulletin. 2005;24(1):21-27.muslims-state_relations_in_kenya.pdf
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1989. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Chui, J.N. and J.K.A. Keter 2001. Effects of Nitrogen fertilizer and bean residue on yield of beans in different cropping systems. East Afr. Agr. For J. Vol. 67, No. 1, 37- 46.". In: East Afr Med J. 2002 Sep;79(9):457-60. University of Nairobi Press; 2001. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Petit PL, Haarlem JV, Poelman M, Haverkamp MC, Wamola IA.Bacteraemia in patients presenting with fever. East Afr Med J. 1995 Feb;72(2):116-20.". In: East Afr Med J. 1995 Feb;72(2):116-20. IBIMA Publishing; 1995. Abstract
In three studies, in Ghana and Kenya, blood from 639 patients admitted with fever was cultured. Standard treatments were antimalarials (54-100%) and antibiotics (39-90%). According to the criteria in use, however, only 10-31% had malaria alone; of those who received antibiotics, 66% were diagnosed with malaria, gastrointestinal infections, post-operative recuperations, circulatory problems, central nervous system disorders or FUO, and did not need antibiotics at the first encounter. For those with wounds and abscesses (8%), generalised antibiotic treatment can also be questioned. Bacteraemia was found in 71 (11.3%) patients; in the HIV patients, however, 5 (23%) of 22 had bacteraemia. This is a minimum incidence, since culture techniques were not optimal for the isolation of fastidious microorganisms. The most prevalent organisms isolated were Salmonella, Klebsiella/Enterobacter and S. aureus. Resistance (intrinsic and extrinsic) in the Gram- bacteria was high: 31-100% were resistant to amoxycillin, 0-80% to cotrimoxazole, 15-95% to chloramphenicol and 9-15% to gentamicin. The need for cultures and sensitivity tests for patients with prolonged or undiagnosed fever is stressed. Specific treatment should be given only when infections, whether malarial or bacterial, have been positively diagnosed.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: The Nairobi Journal of Medicine, Vol. 14 No 2. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1988. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Thoracospinal Tuberculosis With Paraplegia .". In: The African Journal of Hospital Medicine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 2002. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Gender Issues in Higher Education : What are the Challenges".". In: African Universities Day Seminar Association of Africa Universities (AAU) Kenyatta University 13th and 14th November 1995. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1995. Abstract
   
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease (The Stigmas of Sore Throat) - MEDICOM.". In: The African Medical Journal of Hospital Medicine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1979. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""The Role of External Degree Studies in National Development in Kenya".". In: College of Education and External Studies, University of Nairobi seminar 1988. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1988. Abstract
   
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""The Board of Adult Education Mandates and Goals".". In: The Dissemination Seminar for Adult and Continuing Education (ACE) Strategic Plan". At Machakos Garden Hotel. Kenya. 14 th to 16 th April 2003. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2003. Abstract
Tetralones were converted to tetralinylamines via Leuckart reaction.These were then used to protect carboxamide side-chains of glutamine and asparagine. Clevage studies using trifluoroacetic acid and boron tristrifluoroacetate were then done on these derivatives. The groups 1-tetralinyl, 5,7-dimethyl-1-tetralinyl and 7-methoxy-1-tetralinyl were found to be good carboxamide protecting groups in asparagine.
A. PROFESHIWANIARTHUR. "Trends in auditors Legal Liability in Kenya: A Professional Under Siege Journal of ICPAK, July-September.". In: Journal of African Meteorological Society, vol.15, 2001. A Matimba, M Oluka, B Ebeshi, J Sayi, Bolaji, J Del Favero , C Van Broeckhoven, AN Guanta; 1998. Abstract
Oral infection with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a frequent and well documented complication in immunosuppressed individuals including patients on immunosuppressive medication. We report the development of severe oral infection with HSV type 1 in a 34 year old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end stage renal disease (ESRD) following cadaveric renal transplantation at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh. The role of acyclovir in therapy and chemoprophylaxis is discussed.
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Temmerman M, Moses S, Kiragu D, Fusallah S, WAMOLA I.A and Piot P. Impact of single session post-partum counseling of HIV infected women on their subsequent reproductive behaviour. Aids Care vol. 2 (3), 1990.". In: Aids Care vol. 2 (3), 1990. IBIMA Publishing; 1990. Abstract
During an ongoing study investigating the impact of maternal HIV infection on pregnancy outcome at a large maternity hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, asymptomatic HIV positive women who had recently delivered were informed of their HIV sero-status and counselled by a trained nurse regarding contraception and reproductive behaviour in a single session. Both HIV infected women and a comparison group of uninfected women matched for pregnancy outcome were followed up after an interval of one year. Contraceptive use, condom use and pregnancy rates were similar in both groups. Only 37% of HIV infected women had informed their partners of their sero-status. The single session of counselling for the HIV positive women did not seem to influence decisions on subsequent condom use or reproductive behaviour. More intensive approaches to counselling need to be developed and evaluated, but may be difficult to implement in the busy maternity and antenatal clinics commonly found in developing countries.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Women Scholars' role in perpetrating change : How the participation of Women in the Education Sector can encourage positive Development in Kenya".". In: The International Womens' Day Seminar on Woman, Her Diversity at the United States International University Africa (USIU-A) Nairobi. Kenya. 5 th March 2003. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2003. Abstract

Tetralones were converted to tetralinylamines via Leuckart reaction.These were then used to protect carboxamide side-chains of glutamine and asparagine. Clevage studies using trifluoroacetic acid and boron tristrifluoroacetate were then done on these derivatives. The groups 1-tetralinyl, 5,7-dimethyl-1-tetralinyl and 7-methoxy-1-tetralinyl were found to be good carboxamide protecting groups in asparagine.

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Kasili, WAMOLA I.A, Pamba, Shiramba and Broakman. Various Pathological Manifestations of Leprosy .". In: EAMJ 56:59 (1979). IBIMA Publishing; 1979. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Structure and Function of Distance Learning To-day with Special Reference to Kenya".". In: The State University of New York - Kenya Education Partnership (SKEP) Conference. 13 - 17 March 2000. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract

 

 

A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Tharao MK, Saidi H, Kitunguu P, Ogeng.". In: Clin Anat. 2007 Nov;20(8):943-5. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2007. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A. Itotia, Say and Cruikshank. Diarrhoeal Disease due to Shigella, Salmonella and Enteropathogenic E. coli. Chapter in .". In: Chapter in . IBIMA Publishing; 1974. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Karani, F.A.; Research Priorities in Adult Education in Kenya" Journal of Adult Education, vol.3 No.l, 1996. Nairobi. p7 - 14.". In: Journal of Adult Education, vol.3 No.l, 1996. Nairobi. p7 - 14. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1996. Abstract

 

 

A. EO. "Schism and Renewal in Africa; The AICN revisited." Journal of African studies, June 1992 issue; 1992. Abstract
n/a
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Hopes on the Horizon, The Rise of the New Africa".". In: The Association of African Universities. Accra. Ghana. 28 September 1999. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1999. Abstract
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A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1993. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. EO. "The Post-Colonial Historiography of Kenya." University of Nairobi Press; Submitted. Abstract
n/a
A. DROKOOLARAPHAELE. "Transition from the Southern to the Northern Hemisphere summer of zones of active convection over the Congo Basin.". In: Meteorol. and Atmos. Phys., 84, 255-265. Kenya Met Soc; 2003. Abstract
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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""The External Bachelor of Education Degree, College of Education and External Studies, University of Nairobi. A Case Study. Presented at the Sub-Regional Workshop on "Towards Academic and Professional Excellence in Higher Education".". In: Presented at the Sub-Regional Workshop on "Towards Academic and Professional Excellence in Higher Education". Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract

 

 

A. DRKITAAJAFREDM. "Kitaa JMA, Mulei C, Mande JD and Wabacha JK. Clinical and laboratory diagnosis of ehrlichial infections in dogs: A review.". In: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Conference. 2004 Kabete Nairobi. au-ibar; 2004. Abstract
   
A. HASHIM. "Coping with Conflicts: Colonial Policy towards Muslim Personal Law in Kenya and Post-independent Court Practice.". In: Muslim Family Law in Colonial and Postcolonial Sub-Saharan Africa. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Publishers; 2009.coping_with_conflicts.pdf
A. DRAGANDAALEX. "Aganda, A. A,, Coney J. E. R., Sheppard, C. G. W. Effect of air maldistribution on performance of an evaporator. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2000.". In: Presented, NUSESA Maintenance of Equipment for the Advancement of Science Regional Conference, Sheraton Hotel, Kampala, Uganda, 3-4 December 2001. J. Kenya Meteorological Soc; 2000.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1990. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. ""Professional Management Practices" paper presented to a Vision Consult Workshop in Kitwe, Zambia, 27th September, to 1st October, 1993.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1993. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Evaluation Models".". In: Presented at the Institute of Adult Studies, University of Nairobi seminar, 1982. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1982. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Haemaccel as a Plasma Volume Expander. A Clinical Trial - Bulletin of the Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research.". In: A Clinical Trial - Bulletin of the Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; Submitted. Abstract
Towers are typical structures that can be found in many urban and rural landscapes the world over. From their basic design, they are usually exposed to severe environmental loads. It is therefore prudent to carry out periodic maintenance that includes checking that they are correctly aligned. This paper describes a method that was used for the re-alignment of a guyed tower in Limuru, Kenya. Angular and distance observations, made from two observation points detected a vertical misalignment that was larger than the acceptable tolerance of l/400. An iterative re-alignment procedure was then applied, resulting in an acceptable final misalignment of 1 / 520.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; "Teacher Training Through the Distance Education Mode of Delivery in Kenya" in The Journal of Development Communication. No. 2 Vol 6. December 1995. ISSN 0128 - 3863. Kuala Lumpar. pp 72 to 80.". In: The Journal of Development Communication. No. 2 Vol 6. December 1995. ISSN 0128 - 3863. Kuala Lumpar. pp 72 to 80. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1995. Abstract
   
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Okalebo, J.R., J.K.A. Keter and H. Ssali, 1989. Sorghum responses to nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers in four semi-arid sites of Machakos and Kitui Districts, Kenya. E. Afr. Agric. For, J. 54(3):131-145.". In: First International Workshop on Capacity Building in Soil and Water Management in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 9-11 November, 1992. Academic Science Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN: 9966-831-15-0. University of Nairobi Press; 1989. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Some Unusual Lesions in Chest Injuries - MEDICOM.". In: The African Journal of Hospital Medicine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1980. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani F.A.; Course Design and Development in B. Matiru ed. Towards Academic and Professional Ecxcellence in Higher Education. Part II. Bonn. 1990. pp 69 .". In: B. Matiru ed. Towards Academic and Professional Ecxcellence in Higher Education. Part II. Bonn. 1990. pp 69 . Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1990. Abstract
   
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Outcome and Complications in Women undergoing cervical cerclage in a tertiary hospital in Kenya.". In: BSc. Dissertation University of Nairobi. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1986. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. NMKE; A;. "Performance of Bachelor of Science in Nursing Graduates in Nursing Practice in Kenya." Kenya Nursing Journal. 2012;41 (1)(December, 2012):9-15.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Science, leisure and common sense.". In: –-Calcutta Medical college Magazine p.69. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1967. Abstract
A clinical, radiological, histological, and geographical study of carcinoma of the esophagus in Kenya is reported. It was found that this cancer is diagnosed more often in males than in females, with a ration of 8:1 (Kenya Cancer Registry). The most common age in males and females is 50 to 59 years. The regions of the esophagus most commonly involved are the middle and lower thirds, in almost equal proportions. An unexplained tendency for the tumor to be poorly differentiated towards the lower third is noted. In addition a review on the possible etiological factors is presented.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Management of Academic Programmes with special Reference to the Examination Process".". In: The Senate Workshop held at the Kenya School of Monetary Studies, Ruaraka, Nairobi. Kenya. 23 August 2002. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2002. Abstract
   
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Ngoka, WAMOLA I.A and Dunlop. The role of Neisseria gonorrhoea in causing infertility. Paper read and published by Society of Obs and Gynae. Nairobi, (1979).". In: Society of Obs and Gynae. Nairobi, (1979). IBIMA Publishing; 1979. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Higher Education in Africa".". In: The second symposium on East Africa in Transition: Images, Identities and Institutions. 2 nd to 4 th July 2001. Nairobi. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Development of Education in East Africa. Trends and Issues Affecting Development".". In: The Symposium on East Africa in Transition. Nairobi. Kenya. July 2001. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract
   
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Saidi H, Karanja TM, Ogengo JA.Variant anatomy of the cystic artery in adult Kenyans. Clin Anat. 2007 Nov;20(8):943-5.". In: Clin Anat. 2007 Nov;20(8):943-5. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 2007. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Slack RCB WAMOLA I.A and Douglas WS. A Comparison of Oral Doxycycline and Intramuscular Penicillin in the Treatment of Acute Gonorrhoea in Male (Paper presented to East and Central Physicians Conference, Zambia, June, 1975).". In: (Paper presented to East and Central Physicians Conference, Zambia, June, 1975). IBIMA Publishing; 1975. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Relevance of Higher Education in Africa in the 21st century".". In: African Regional Consultation, Preparatory to the World Conference on Higher Education in the 21st Century. UNESCO, DAKAR Senegal. 1st to 4th April 1997. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1997. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Development of Education in Kenya".". In: The 1 st Symposium on East Africa in Transition; Communities, Cultures and Change. Nairobi. Kenya. 4 - 7 th July 2000. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract
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A. DROKOOLARAPHAELE. "Okoola, R.E., 2006: Invited Book Review ; .". In: Jour. Kenya Meteorol. Soc. Vol 2 No. 1, 67 - 83. Kenya Met Soc; 2006. Abstract
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A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A.; "Effective Teaching in University" in F.A.Karani and J.A. Okumbe, University Staff Development, Part Two. German Foundation for International Development, Bonn.1991. pp 48 - 75.". In: .A.Karani and J.A. Okumbe, University Staff Development, Part Two. German Foundation for International Development, Bonn.1991. pp 48 - 75. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Mirza NB, Wamola IA, Estambale BA, Mbithi E, Poillet M.Typhim Vi vaccine against typhoid fever: a clinical trial in Kenya.East Afr Med J. 1995 Mar;72(3):162-4.". In: East Afr Med J. 1995 Mar;72(3):162-4. IBIMA Publishing; 1995. Abstract
Safety, tolerance and immunogenicity of the purified Vi polysaccharide vaccine (Typhim Vi) against typhoid fever was evaluated in primary school children aged 5-15 years. A total of 435 children were vaccinated, each with a single intramuscular injection in the left deltoid muscle. One hundred and ten children were randomly selected for blood samples on day 0 (pre vaccination) and day 30 (post vaccination). Vi antibodies studied by Radio immuno assay (RIA) on 97(88%) paired sera showed a seroconversion rate of 76.2% and seroprotection rate after vaccination was 74.2%, while 6.2% of children already had protective immunity before vaccination. The vaccine was well tolerated. Most commonly reported reactions were mild pain at site of injection (83%), and a few complained of mild swelling (4.6%), induration (1.1%), itching (1.1%) and headaches (1.4%). All reactions were of mild severity and disappeared within 24 to 48 hours.
A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1990. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. ""Characteristics of Real Property," paper presented to a Vision Consult Workshop in Kitwe, Zambia, 27th September, to 1st October, 1993.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1993. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. DRSWAZURIMUHAMMED. "M. A.,Thesis entitled "An Estimation of Housing Needs: A Case Study of Malindi Town in Kenya", 1986.". In: Key issues for Developing Countries. 1992 Ed., Bhatnagar S.C., pp. 103-114. Tata-Mcgraw-Hill. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya; 1986. Abstract
This article reveals that the concept of education as a process of growth is a difficult one. Philosophers are, therefore, justified in being weary when pondering over its meaning, both in theory and practice. By way of conclusion, the article appreciates the complexities inherent in the growth theory of education, summarizing its major strength and weaknesses. Then it cautions educational planners and practitioners to be weary when, and if, they translate the theory into practice, so that they utilize the strengths inherent in the theory whilst paying attention to the dangers of its inherent weaknesses.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A., "Community Building through Religious Education" in the Christian Educator. Journal of Religious Education vol.9. No.10. May 1996. p3. Nairobi.". In: In the Christian Educator. Journal of Religious Education vol.9. No.10. May 1996. p3. Nairobi. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1996. Abstract
   
A. PROFKETERJOSEPHKIPKORIR. "Owino-Gerroh, C., and J.K.A. Keter. 1993. The effects of Nutrient Solution Acidity (pH), Aluminum Content and Rhizobium Inoculation on Taproot Elongation, Root Growth and Nodule Formation on Field Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) cv .". In: First International Workshop on Capacity Building in Soil and Water Management in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 9-11 November, 1992. Academic Science Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN: 9966-831-15-0. University of Nairobi Press; 1993. Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the assessment of intra-abdominal injury using the dipstick method. DESIGN: Prospective study, involving the performance of diagnostic peritoneal lavage in the out patient department and surgical wards prior to surgical intervention. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital-General Surgical and Orthopaedic wards and outpatient department. The study was conducted over a duration of six months, starting from January 1995 to July 1995. RESULTS: Ninety six patients with penetrating (68) and blunt (28) abdominal trauma underwent diagnostic peritoneal lavage as evaluation of the severity of abdominal trauma. Dipstick (combur 9 strips) was used to evaluate lavage effluent for red blood cells, white blood cells, protein and bilirubin. Forty three patients had positive diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) results, of which 40 (93%) had positive findings at laparatomy and three (7%) had negative findings at laparatomy. The remaining 53 patients had negative DPL results and were managed conservatively. One patient with a negative DPL result became symptomatic and had a positive laparatomy. Conservatively managed patients were discharged after 24 hours observations without any complications. DPL had an accuracy and sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 98%. CONCLUSION: Diagnostic peritoneal lavage is a cheap, safe and reliable method for assessment of abdominal trauma. The method is easy to perform by trained junior doctors in the OPD, or as a bedside procedure. Use of this method reduced negative laparotomy rate from 50% to 6.9% and average duration of stay from 6.5 days to 1.9 days. This method is recommended as a basic tool in the assessment of abdominal trauma patients.
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER. "Carcinoma of the Esophagus - II. An experience in Kenya.". In: The Nairobi Journal of medicine. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1988. Abstract
A retrospective study of 42 patients with perforations of the oesophagus during the period 1981-1987 indicated that 57.1% of the perforations were iatrogenic. Diseases of the oesophagus and in contiguous structures and foreign bodies in the oesophagus caused perforations in 31% of the cases. Perforations in 35.7% of the patients were located in the middle third of the oesophagus. The lower and upper thirds were affected in 31% of the patients in each site. The presenting physical signs included tachycardia (78.6%), fever (76.2%) and dyspnoea (59.5%). The main accompanying symptoms were chest pain and coughs in 100% and in 50% of the patients respectively. Radiographic findings showed hydropneumothorax in 40.5% of the cases and consolidation in 38.1% of the patients. Oesophagoscopy was positive in 78% of cases tested while thoracocentesis was positive in all cases that were tested.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Position paper on Academic Staff Management in the University of Nairobi" presented at the Sub-Regional Workshop on Institutional Management in Higher Education".". In: Quatre-Bornes, Republic of Mauritius 6th to 17th September 1993. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1991. Abstract
   
A. DROTIENOALFREDT. "An Event History Analysis of Factors influencing entry into Parenthood in Nairobi.". In: Published African Population studies. March 2006. E Afr Med J; 2004. Abstract
African Population Studies 19 (2): 42-62
A. PROFODHIAMBOPETER, G PROFGATEIDAVID. "Is Bronchial Carcinoma Increasing in Kenya?". In: East African Medical Journal. 53 (7): 383 - 388. Heinrich Boll Foundation.; 1976. Abstract
A clinical, radiological, histological, and geographical study of carcinoma of the esophagus in Kenya is reported. It was found that this cancer is diagnosed more often in males than in females, with a ration of 8:1 (Kenya Cancer Registry). The most common age in males and females is 50 to 59 years. The regions of the esophagus most commonly involved are the middle and lower thirds, in almost equal proportions. An unexplained tendency for the tumor to be poorly differentiated towards the lower third is noted. In addition a review on the possible etiological factors is presented.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. "Karani, F.A., Njiru N. and Ayot R.; Inventory of Training Institutions and Organizations in Kenya. UNICEF, Nairobi : April 1981. 142 pp.". In: UNICEF, Nairobi : April 1981. 142 pp. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1981. Abstract
   
A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "WAMOLA I.A, Mirza NB. Problems of Salmonella infections in a hospital in Kenya. EAMJ vol 58 (9): 677, 1981.". In: EAMJ vol 58 (9): 677, 1981. IBIMA Publishing; 1981. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Literacy and Education".". In: The OSSREA Kenya Chapter National Conference on Poverty, Literacy, Health and Environmental Issues in Kenya : Exploring the Alternative Strategies. 28 th to 30 th March 2001. Stem Hotel. Nakuru. Kenya. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2001. Abstract

 

 

A. PROFWAMOLAISAAC. "Ejide AO and WAMOLA I.A. The bacteriology of burns at Kenyatta National Hospital. EAMJ Vol 53 pp. 415 (1976).". In: EAMJ Vol 53 pp. 415 (1976). IBIMA Publishing; 1976. Abstract
A study that devised a modified method of reporting antibiotic sensitivity results was undertaken. Enterobacteriaceae and Gram positive cocci were tested for drug sensitivity by a disc diffusion method. Zones of bacterial growth inhibition were measured, dividing the isolates into four groups: the highly sensitive, the moderately sensitive, the slightly sensitive and the resistant ones. The slightly sensitive isolates were taken as indicators of antibiotic resistance acquisition. By that system, when more than 50% of the isolates fell into the slightly and resistant groups, that meant that the antibiotic concerned would be discontinued for some time until the bacteria reverted to being moderately sensitive. The study also provided a method of making antibiotic discs from local blotting papers, and a sample of a form on which antibiotic sensitivity results could be recorded was presented. The method is considered to be easy and very appropriate for developing countries in detecting gradual and abrupt acquisition of antibiotic resistance by bacteria.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Student Unrest in Public Universities".". In: Workshop on Working Together for Sustainable Development in Planning, Management and Gender Issues, organized for Vice Chancellors, Deputy Vice Chancellors and Principals of Public Universities in Kenya. Lake Elementaita Lodge, Gilgil, Kenya. 24 th t. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 1998. Abstract

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A. MRJALEHAALEXC. "Currently developing a manual for distance learning undergraduate students, " Principles of Management.". In: Department of Clinical Studies University of Nairobi 2008. Departmental seminar; 1993. Abstract
Description: This book describes four types of indigenous water retention structures used in East Africa. These structures are the Berkad tank, the Charco dam, sand wiers and hillside water retention ditches.
A. M, C.K. M. "Ferula communis – a potential rodenticide.". In: Current Medical Research in East Africa Proc. 3rd Ann. Sci. conference. Nairobi; 1982.
A. PROFKARANIFLORIDA. ""Facilitating and Managing Learning Diversity in Non-Formal Education in Kenya".". In: The ADEA Non- Formal Education (NFE) Ministry of Education, Science and Technology Symposium and the Establishment of an NFE Country Working Group. Mombasa 11 th to 14 th April 2000. Journal of BiochemiPhysics; 2000. Abstract
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A. DROGENGOJULIUS. "Ogeng.". In: Health Digest. Kenya Orthopaedic Association; 1995. Abstract

Knowledge of the variant vascular anatomy of the subhepatic region is important for hepatobiliary surgeons in limiting operative complications due to unexpected bleeding. The pattern of arterial blood supply of 102 gallbladders was studied by gross dissection. The cystic artery originated from the right hepatic artery in 92.2% of cases. The rest were aberrant and originated from the proper hepatic artery. Accessory arteries were observed to originate from proper hepatic artery (n = 5), left hepatic artery (n = 2), and right hepatic artery (n = 1). Most of the arteries approached the gallbladder in relation to the common hepatic duct (anterior 45.1%, posterior, 46.1%). The other vessels passed anterior to common bile duct (2.9%), posterior to common bile duct (3.9%), or were given off in Calot's triangle. Cystic arteries in this data set show wide variations in terms of relationship to the duct systems. In about one tenth of patients, an accessory cystic artery may need to be ligated or clipped during cholecystectomy. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc

A. DROKOOLARAPHAELE. "Nyakwada, W., Ogallo, L.A. and Okoola, R. E, 2009: The Atlantic-Indian Ocean Dipole and its influence on East African seasonal rainfall , J. Meteorol. & Rel. Sci., 3, 21.". In: J. Meteorol. & Rel. Sci., 3, 21 . Journal of School of Continuous and Distance Education ; 2009. Abstractjkms_vol3_n01_for_editing_kinguyu.pdf

Sudden death in the young after low energy anterior chest wall impact is an under-recognised phenomenon in this country. Review of the literature yields several American references to commotio cordis, mainly in the context of sporting events. Two cases are reported of sudden death in young men as a result of blunt impact anterior chest wall trauma. It is suggested that these cases draw attention to a lethal condition of which many practitioners are unaware.
J Accid Emerg Med 2000 Nov 17 (6): 421-422. PMID: 11104247 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]PMCID: PMC1725482
 

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