Publications

Found 122 results

Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year  (Desc)]
2020
Gitao, C.G. Reviewer, Transboundary and Emerging diseases. Trsansboundary and Emerging Diseases; 2020.tbed_reviewer_certificate_1_1.pdf
Mbindyo C, Gitao C, Mulei C. "Prevalence, Etiology, and Risk Factors of Mastitis in Dairy Cattle in Embu and Kajiado Counties, Kenya." Veterinary Medicine International. 2020;Volume 2020 |Article ID 8831172 | 12 pages (https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8831172):12 pages.
Awili H, Gitao C, Muchemi G. "Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Adolescent Blood Donors within Selected Counties of Western Keny." Hindawi BioMed Research International. 2020;Volume 2020, Article ID 8578172,: 6 pages.
2019
Gitao, C.G., Toroitich, K, Khalif, Field, C, Wario, S. Mass Livestock Deaths In EL-HADI Of North-Horr Sub-County, MARSABIT COUNTY. Nairobi: RPLP; 2019.marsabit_camel_deaths-paper_-1.docx
Gitao C. "Role of Academia and Researchers in the Agricultural sector in Kenya’.". In: Kenya Private Sector Agricultural sector. Intercontinental Hotel, Nairobi; 2019.
Mpatswenumugabo, JP, Bebora LC, Gitao, C.G., Kamana, O, Mobegi, VA, Irahuga B, B S. "Assessment of Bacterial contaminations andmilk handling practices along the raw milk market chain in North-western region of Rwanda." African Journal of Microbiology Research. 2019;13(29 ;http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2018.8919 ):640-648.second_paper_published-jean_pierre.pdf
Orono S, Gitao C, Mpatswenumugambo J, Chepkwony M, Mutisya C, Okoth E, Bronsvoort M, Russell C, Nene V, Cook A. "Field validation of clinical and laboratory diagnosis of wildebeest associated malignant catarrhal fever in cattle." BMC Veterinary research . 2019;(doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-1818-8).orono_et_al-2019-bmc_veterinary_research.pdf
Gitao, C.G., Orono, S, Cook, A. How to Diagnose Malignant Catarrhal fever and views from Pastoralists. Saarbrucken: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2019.978-620-0-10122-8_coverpreview_2.pdf
Omani R, Gitao C, Gachohi J, Gathumbi P, Bwihangane A, Khalif A, Chemweno V. "Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Dromedary Camels and Small Ruminants in Mandera and Wajir Counties of Kenya." Advances in Virology . 2019;(doi.org/10.1155/2019/4028720).
Chemweno V, Gitao C, Gachohi J, Soi R, Ndungu E, Khalif A. "PPR in Camels: Sero-Prevalence and Socio-Economics." International Journal of Veterinary Science. 2019;8(2):84-88.vivian_paper.pdf
2018
Gitao, C.G. "PhD supervision at University of Nairobi.". In: Carta Supervision workshop. Johannesburg, South Africa; 2018.
Bwihangane A, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Tareken G, Nicholas S, Bacigale S, Svitek N. " Mitochondrial DNA variation of indigenous goat populations from Peste-des-petits-ruminants outbreak in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo." Livestock research for rural Development. 2018;30(1).
Bwihangane A, Gitao C, L B, Nicholas S. "Current knowledge on peste des petits ruminants. A comprehensive review on clinical signs, diagnostic tests and vaccination." Research Opinions in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 2018;7(3):58-66.ppr_review-_research_opinion.pdf
Lamuka P, Mwihurih F, Gitao C, Matofari J, Khalif A, Kaliwa O. "Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance among Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex Species from Camel Milk in Isiolo County, Kenya." Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food sciences . 2018;6(1).ajafs.pdf
Lamuka P, Mwihurih F, Gitao C, Matofari J, Bowen R, Khalif A. "Prevalence of bovine and avian tuberculosis in camel herds and associated public health risk factors in Isiolo County, Kenya." Tropical Animal Health Production . 2018;(DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1486-2).
Wangui M, Gitao C, Gathumbi P, Kinge S. "Relationship Between Serum IgM Levels and Liver Function in Rubella and Measles Infection of Children Below Five Years in Nairobi County." . Asian Journal of Medical Sciences . 2018;9(2(DOI:10.19026/ajms.9.5927)):10-15.
2017
Orono, S, Gitao, C.G., Cook, A. "Investigation of Malignant Catarrhal Fever in cattle comparing PCR and ELISA methods for diagnosis.". In: 5th Medical & Veterinary Virus Research Symposium. KEMRI, Nairobi; 2017.mcf_poster.pptx
Mutua J, Gitao C, Bebora L, Mutua F. "Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Bacteria Isolated from the Nasal Cavity of Camels in Samburu, Nakuru, and Isiolo Counties of Kenya." Hindawi Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 2017;(doi.org/10.1155/2017/1216283):1-6.mutua_antmicrobial_resistance.pdf
Lamuka P, Njeru F, Gitao C, Khalif A. "Camel health management and pastoralists’ knowledge and information on zoonoses and food safety risks in Isiolo County, Kenya." Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice. 2017;7(20, DOI 10.1186/s13570-017-0095-z).
Gitao C, Wanjohi G, Bebora L, Muchemi, L. "Camel Milk Quality and Bacterial Contamination along Market Chain in Wajir and Garissa Counties of Kenya." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health. 2017;4(10):1114.
Mbindyo C, Gitao C, Peter S. "Constraints affecting dairy goats milk production in Kenya." Tropical Animal Health Production . 2017;(DOI 10.1007/s11250-017-1397-2).
Bwihangane AB, Gitao CG, Bebora LC. "Economic losses associated with peste des petits ruminants in South Kivu Province of Democratic Republic of Congo." Research Opinions in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 2017;7(12):77-84.bwihangane-_economic_losses_ppr_congo.pdf
Serem JK, G WR, DW G, SG K, G GC, DW O. "Growth performance, feed conversion efficiency and blood characteristics of growing pigs fed on different levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health. 2017;9(11):327-333.serem_et_al_2017.pdf
Orono, S, Gitao, C.G., others. Investigation of Malignant Catarrhal Fever in cattle comparing PCR and ELISA methods for diagnosis. 6-8 December , International Conference Centre (AICC) in Arusha: TAWIRI; 2017.tawiri_mcf_presentation.pdftawiri_mcf_presentation.pdf
Bwihangane A, Gitao C, Bisismwa P, Okafor C, Bebora L. "Mixed infection of peste des petits ruminants and Capripox in goats in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo." Hindawi Journal of veterinary Medicine. 2017;4(4):348-355.ahadi_mixed_infection.pdf
Oyaas, Gitao, C.G., others. National PPR co-ordination meeting. Naivasha: KARLO; 2017.minutes-_ppr_coordination_meeting__dti.docx
Mpatswenumugambo J, Bebora L, Gitao C, Mobegi V, Irahuga B, Kamana O, B S. "Prevalence of Subclinical Mastitis and Distribution of Pathogens in Dairy Farms of Rubavu and Nyabihu Districts, Rwanda." Hindawi Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 2017;(doi.org/10.1155/2017/8456713):1-8.jean_pierre.pdf
Gitao C, Mbindyo C, Omani R, Chemenwo V. "Review of Sheep Pox Disease in Sheep." Journal of Veterinary medicine and Research. 2017;4(1):1068.review_of_sheep_pox.pdf
2016
Gitao G, Maina S, Gathumbi P. Experimental infection of Peste des petits ruminants disease in Kenya. Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2016.978-3-659-97197-6-1.pdf
Muthami, Gitao, C.G., others. KCSAP TIMPS Finalization Workshop. 28 Nov- 3 rd Dec, Naivasha: Kenya Climate Smart Project; 2016.kcsap_csa_timps_consolidated__collapsed_final__4th_dec-1.docx
Gitao CG, Kihu SM, Muse AE, Wanjohi M. "Lessons from interaction of researchers with pastoralists from eastern Africa." African Journal of Rural Development. 2016;1(3):271-280.
Gitao CG, Kihu S, Maina SM. "Review of Peste Des petits ruminants in sheep." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Research. 2016;3(5):1060.
Bwihangane, A, Misinzo, G, Sviteck, N, Bebora, L.C., Gitao, C.G. "Sero-epidemiology of Peste des petits ruminants infection and the associated risk factors in South Kivu, DR. Congo." RUFORUM Working Document Series (ISSN 1607- 9345). 2016;14(2):737-746.bwihangane_b.pdf
Bwihangane, A, Bisimwa P, Misinzo, G, Sviteck, N, Bebora, L.C., Gitao, C.G. Sero-epidemiology of.Pesfe des pefifs ruminants infection and the associated risk factors in South Kivu, DRGongo. Cape Town, South Africa: 19-22 Sep 2016; 2016.sero_icgeb.pdf
Gitao G, Kibore B, Sangula A. Seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease in Kenya. Saarbrucken: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2016.978-3-330-01103-8.pdf
Khalif A, Gitao, C.G., others. Validation of camel milk standards. Garissa, 2-5 May: KEBS; 2016.dks_2061_2016_raw_camel_milk-1.docx
Gitao, C.G., Khalif, others. Validation of camel milk standards. Isiolo, 8-11 May: KEBS; 2016.dks_2062_2016__pasteurized_camel___milk_1.docx
2015
Gitao CG, Maina SM, Kihu SM. . Enhanced Diagnosis of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) using experimental infection models. Nairobi Jacaranda Hotel, Westlands Nairobi-Kenya 9th – 10th June: FAO-EU; 2015.
Kihu SM, Gachohi JM, Ndungu EK, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Njenga JM, Wairire GG, Maingi N, Wahome RG, Ireri R. "1. Sero-epidemiology of Peste Des Petits ruminants virus infection in Turkana County, Kenya ." BMC Veterinary Research. 2015;11(87):1-13.
Gitao CG. Camel milk value chain in Kenya. University of Kassel in Witzenhausen 2 - 10. Feb 2015; BIOFACH 2015" in Nürnberg 11-13, feb 2015: DAAD ALUMNI; 2015.safari.pdf
Maina SM, Gitao CG, Gathumbi PK. "Clinico-pathological Observations in Sheep & Goats Exposed to Lineage III Peste Des Petits Ruminants Virus Infection in Kenya." Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Science. 2015;3(1):72-80.
Gitao CG, Kihu SM, Muse AE. Comparison of Peste des petits ruminants in Kenya and Tanzania.. in Nairobi Jacaranda Hotel, Westlands Nairobi-Kenya 9th – 10th June: FAO-EU ; 2015.comparison_of_peste_des_petits_ruminants_ppr.pptx
DUNDON WG, Kihu SM, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, John NM, Oyugi JO, Loitsch A, Diallo A. "Detection and Genome Analysis of a Lineage III Peste Des Petits Ruminants Virus in Kenya in 2011." Transboundary and Emerging diseases. 2015;DOI:10.1111/tbed.12374:1-7.onlinelibrarytps.pdf
Kihu SK, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Njenga JM, Wairire GG, Maingi N, Wahome RG. "Economic losses associated with Peste des petits ruminants in Turkana County Kenya." Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice . 2015;5(9):DOI 10.1186/s13570-015-0029-6.kihu_et_al_2015_loses.pdf
Maina SM, Gitao CG, Gathumbi PK. "Hematological, Serological and Virological Findings in Sheep and Goats Experimentally infected with Lineage III Peste Des petits Ruminants Virus isolates in Kenya." Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Science. 2015;3(1):81-88.
Kihu SK, Gitao CG, Bebora LC. Peste des Petits ruminants disease in Turkana, Kenya. Omni scriptum GmbH and Co KG. ISBN 978-3-659-51078-3: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing ; 2015.peste_des_petits_ruminants_in_kenya-1.pdf
2014
Gitao C.G. UoN vet-German student exchange programme. Nairobi/Berlin: UoN/Free University of Berlin; 2014.uon_students_and_german_students.pdf
Gitao, C.G. Current Research Projects. Nairobi: Dept Vet Pathology; 2014.current_research-.pdf
Kihu. SM, Gitao. CG, Bebora. LC, Njenga. MJ, G.G. Wairire, Maingi. N, Wahome. RG. "Appraisal of Pese des petitis ruminants disease by Turkana Pastoral community of Turkana County in Kenya." American Journal of Research Communication. 2014;2(10):186-214.kihu_vol210.pdf
Gitao, C.G., Bebora, L.C., Wanjohi. G. Camel Mik Hygiene: Analysis of Camel Milk contamination in Garissa and Wajir Counties in Kenya. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-58174-8_coverpreview2.pdf
Chepkwony. E, Gitao. CG, Muchemi. GM. "Characterisation of foot and mouth disease isolates from the Somali Eco-system in Kenya." American Journal of Research Communication. 2014;2(5).chepkwony_fmd_ses.pdf
Kihu SM, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Munene JN, Wairire GG, Maingi N, Wahome RG, D.N. Karanja, Oyugi JO, Lutomia E. "Clinical, Pathological and Molecular Investigations of Peste Des Petits Ruminants Virus Infection in Goats from Turkana County in Kenya. ." British Journal of Virology. 2014;3(1):98-102.ppr_turkana.pdf
Kihu SK, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Munene JN, Wairire GD, Maingi N, Wahome RG, Karanja DN, Oyugi JO, e. Lutomia. "Clinical.pathological and Molecular investigations of Peste des Petits Ruminants virus infection from Turkana County in Kenya." British Journal of Virology. 2014;1(3):98-102.bjv_1_3_98-102.pdf
Gitao CG, Mbindyo C, Bebora L. Dairy Goat Milk Hygiene: Analyses in Mt Kenya Region. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-61078-3_coverpreview2.pdf
Kibore. B, Gitao. CG, Sangula A, Kitala. P. "The Epizootiology of Foot and Mouth Disease in high risk zones in Kenya." American Journal of Research Communication. 2014;2(9):129-154.kibore_vol29.pdf
Dundon W, Kihu S, Settypalli BK, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Munene JN, J.O.Oyugi, Silber R, L.Angelica, Diallo A. "First Complete Genome Sequence of a lineage III peste des petits ruminants virus." Genome Announcement . 2014;2(5).
W.G.Dundon, S. M Kihu, T.B. Settypalli, G.C.Gitao, L.C. Bebora, N.M. John, J.O.Oyugi, R.Silber, A. Loitsch,. DA. "First Complete Genome Sequence of a Lineage III Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus." Genome Announc.. 2014;61(14):25,33.aphs_iaea_newsletter-61_1.pdf
C.G. Gitao, E. Chepkwony, G. Muchemi. Foot and Mouth Disease in Somali Eco-system: Disease patterns in Kenya. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-59673-5_coverpreview2.pdf
Kibore B, Gitao C.G, Sangula A, P. K. "Porcine FMD Sero-prevalence in Kenya and its potential effect." American Journal of Research Communication. 2014;2(10):105-126.kibore_2.pdf
Gitao CG, Wanjohi M, Gitari R, Akweya B, Okoth MW. "The Prevalence of Common Milk Borne Pathogens of Camelus Mastitis Origin and their Antibiotic Resistance in North Eastern Province, Kenya." American Journal of Research Communication. 2014;2(7):53-71.
2013
S.M.Kihu, Gachohi JM, Gitao CG, Bebora LC, Njenga JM, Wairire GG, Maingi N, Wahome RG. "Analysis of small ruminants’ pastoral management practices as risk factors of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) spread in Turkana District, Kenya." Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences. 2013;3(9):304-313.pub_2_kihu_et_al_303-314.pdf
Kibore B, Gitao CG, Sangula A, Kitala P. "Foot and Mouth Disease Sero-prevalence in Cattle in Kenya." Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health. 2013;5(9):262-268.FMD jvm kibore.pdf
Wanjohi M, Gitao CG, Bebora L. "Subclinical mastitis affecting hygienic quality of marketed camel milk from North - Eastern Province, Kenya." Microbiology Research International. 2013;1(1):6-15. Abstract13-012.pdf

North Eastern Province, camel is the dominant livestock; it provides subsistence to many people especially during the frequent droughts when other animals either die or are unthrifty. This is beca use camel is highly suited for hot environments. In this region, camels number approximately 3 million and are the main producers of milk for the residents, who are mainly of Somali origin, and are pastoralists. Currentl y, the milk is also sold in Nairobi and other far places; and there is a fast growing demand for it. This has necessitated examination of the milk quality, in response to food safety awareness, especially noting that some of the bacteria causing subclinical mastitis can cause disease in humans. This study was carried out to establish the hygienic quality of camel milk from this area, zeroing down to 2 districts, Garissa and Wajir. T hree hundred and eighty four bulk camel milk samples were collected in volumes of 200 to 300 ml. They wer e transport ed to the laboratory in cold/ice boxes and bacterial isolation and characterization done not later than 24 h after arrival at the laboratory. Before culturing, the milk samples were screened using Ca lifornia Mastitis Test (CMT); samples testing positive (a n indication of subclinical mastitis) were then subjected to bacteriological investigation, using standard methods. Results of this study have shown that subclin ical mastitis is prevalent in dromedary camels of Garissa and Wajir districts of North Eastern province of Kenya, and that Gram positive cocci ( Staphylococcus and Streptococcus) are the dominant mastitis pathogens isolated. Other isolated bacteria included Klebsiella/Enterobacter, E scherichia coli and Bacillus. The positive correlation of CMT with the presen ce of mastitis pathogens in camel milk showed that CMT is a useful screening test in the detection of subclinical mastitis in camels; it is thus a useful tool for farm ers, aiding them in picking the affected animals, segregating and treating them. The resu lts also contribute towards coming up with respective control measures so as to keep camel milk fresh for longer periods and als o make it safe for human consumption.

2012
Gitao CG, Kihu SM, Bebora LC, Njenga JM, Wairire GG, Maingi N, Muse E, E K, Misinzo G, Mellau LSB, Msoffe PLM, Swai ES, Albano. "Comparison of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) disease between Tanzania and Kenya.". In: Third Ruforum Biennial Meeting. Kampala, Uganda; 2012.gitao_523_3.pdf
Gitao CG, Akundabweni LSM. "Creation of research linkages in Africa by regional bodies.". In: Third Ruforum Biennial Meeting. Kampala, Uganda; 2012.creation_of_networks.docx
Muse E, Matondo RB, Karimuribo ED, Misinzo G, Mellau SLB, Msoffe PLM, Albano LO, Gitao CG. "Peste des petits ruminants(PPR) Outbreak in Southern Tanzania.". In: Third Ruforum Biennial Meeting . Kampala, Uganda; 2012.muse.pdf
Kihu SM, Gitao CG, Bebora L, Njenga MJ, Wairire GG, Maingi N, Wahome RG, Ndiwa NN. "Risk factors associated with spread of Peste des petits ruminants in Turkana district, Kenya.". In: Third RUFORUM Biennial Meeting. Kampala, Uganda; 2012.
B A, C.G. G, M O. "The acceptability of camel milk and milk products from north eastern province in some urban areas of Kenya." African Journal of Food Science. 2012;6(19):465-473. Abstractpub_11_akweya_et_al.pdfWebsite

A total of 138 households were interviewed on various aspects of camel milk and camel milk products using a single-visit multiple-subject diagnostic survey in Garisa, Wajir and Eastleigh the main urban centres with high camel milk consumption. 75% of the respondents generally take camel milk or milk products every day. Raw and sour milk are the most popular products. The most important purchasing criterion for raw camel milk was taste (19 and18%) while packaging was more important for pasteurized milk (18, 18 and 16%) for Wajir, Garisa and Eastleigh respectively. For Yoghurt, the most important purchasing criteria were taste (18%) and aroma (19%). The taste of sour milk is the most important attribute in both Garisa (30%) and Eastleigh (24%). To enhance marketing of camel milk, the appropriate attributes demanded by customers needs to be seriously addressed. Promotion of camel milk and products to non conventional consumers should be done in order to increase their consumption.

Muse E, Matondo RB, Karimuribo E, Misinzo G, Albano M, Gitao CG. "Clinico-pathological findings of the 2011 outbreak of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Tandahimba district, southern Tanzania." Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences. 2012;2(4):256-262.
Wanjohi M, Gitao CG, Bebora L. "The Prevalence of Brucella spp. in camel milk marketed from North Eastern Province, Kenya." Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences. 2012;2(7):425-434. Abstractcamel_milk_brucellosis.pdf

The camel is the dominant livestock in North Eastern province where it provides sustenance to many people especially during the frequent dry periods when other animals die or are unthrifty. Garissa and Wajir districts in the arid Northern Kenya hosts about 54% of the national camel herd estimated to number over 3 million. Camel milk from North Eastern Province in Kenya is widely marketed in those areas but is also currently being sold in distant markets in Nairobi and other places. An expanded camel milk market provides an opportunity for increased income that can lead to improved pastoral livelihoods. Most of the milk is collected from individual pastoralists, bulked and then taken by transporters to urban areas. While some milk is boiled before sale, some of the milk however is marketed as raw thus exposing the population to zoonotic diseases. In an investigation to find the prevalence of Brucellosis, the main zoonotic agent in milk, samples of milk for marketing were collected as well as serum samples from camels in North Eastern Province A total of three hundred and eighty four (384) camel milk samples from Garrissa and Wajir Districts were tested using the Milk Ring Test (MRT) and out of the total, fifty nine (59) samples (15.36%) tested positive while three hundred and twenty five (325) samples tested negative. From Garrissa District (n = 230), 35 samples (15.22%) were positive for MRT while 24 samples (15.58%) from Wajir District (n = 154) were positive. All the milk samples examined were negative for Brucella Modified Ziehl- Neelsen’s stain as well as primary isolation of Brucella on Tryptose Soy agar (TSA) under high carbon-dioxide (CO2) concentration. The results of the milk ring test on the samples tested indicated that 15.36% of the samples were positive for the presence of Brucella antibodies in milk. A total of two hundred (200) camel serum samples from Garrissa and Wajir Districts were tested using the Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT). Four (4) samples (2.0%) tested positive. From Garrissa District (n = 72), 2 samples (2.78%), were positive while 2 samples (1.56%) from Wajir District (n = 128) were positive. The two hundred (200) camel serum samples from Garrissa and Wajir Districts were also tested using the Serum Micro-agglutination Test (SAT). From Garrissa District (n = 72), 13 samples (18.06%) were positive while 8 samples (6.25%) from Wajir District (n = 128) were positive. The seroprevalence of brucellosis in camels is low in extensively kept pastoralist camels. Some of the recommendations to avoid the risk of zoonotic diseases include increased awareness on pasteurization of camel milk, proper milk handling and milk testing before pooling

Chepkwony EC, Gitao CG, Muchemi GM. "Seroprevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease in the Somali Eco-System in Kenya." International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 2012;4(3):198-203.fmd_seroprevalence.pdf
2010
Gitao CG, S.M.Kihu, Bebora LC, Njenga JM, Wairire GG, Karimuribo E, P S, Wahome R, Maingi N. "Developing capacity for implementing innovative PPR control strategies based on the epidemiology and socio-economic aspects of the disease in the East African region.". In: Second RUFORUM Biennial Meeting. Kampala, Uganda; 2010.gitao.pdf
2006
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE, CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G.2006. Camel Husbandry. A practical guide to Camel husbandry. Immediate Communications, Ltd. Nairobi.172 pp.". In: Article Published in periodical Mvita No.4. December 1992. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 2006. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
2003
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Workshop on Modeling for Rift valley fever. Lilian Towers: AU/IBARApril 2-4, 2003.". In: AU/IBARApril 2-4. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 2003. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
2002
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE, CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Frida W. Mugo, George Gitao 2002. "Regional workshop for agricultural markets and market information in Eastern and Southern Africa. Held at Lillian Towers, Safari Club Nairobi, Jan. 24-27". Under the auspices of Regional Land Management unit (RELMA)189 p.". In: AU/IBARApril 2-4. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 2002. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
2001
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C. G 2001. Experiences of a market information service through community radio in Central province, Kenya. International conference on the development of agricultural Information Management, Technology and markets in the 21st Century. Beijing, China.". In: International conference on the development of agricultural Information Management, Technology and markets in the 21st Century. Beijing, China. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 2001. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE, CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G., Walker Major (Retired) 2001. Camel utilization in the Kgalagadi District of Botswana. Report for Botswana Government, 75 pp.". In: AU/IBARApril 2-4. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 2001. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1999
1998
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1998. The prevalence of Dermatophilus congolensis infection of camels in four .rearing areas in Kenya and the presence of a mixed infection with Trichophyton verrucoum. Israel J. Vet. Med. 53 (3) 89-93.". In: International conference on the development of agricultural Information Management, Technology and markets in the 21st Century. Beijing, China. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1998. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. Agab H. & Khalifalla A.J. 1998. A comparison of camel dermatophilosis in Kenya and Sudan. Ann. N.Y. Sci. 849: 457-460.". In: International conference on the development of agricultural Information Management, Technology and markets in the 21st Century. Beijing, China. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1998. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. Agab H. & Khalifalla A.J. 1998. Camel Dermatophilosis in Africa and Saudi Arabia. 3 rd Annual meeting for Animal Production under arid conditions, Camel production and future perspectives. AL Ain United Arab Emirates May 2-3*.". In: 3 rd Annual meeting for Animal Production under arid conditions, Camel production and future perspectives. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1998. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. Agab,H. & Khalifalla A. J. 1998. Outbreaks of Dermatophilus congolensis infection in camels (Camelus dromedarius) from the Butana region in Eastern Sudan. Rev. Sci. tech. Off. Int. Epiz. 17(3) 743-748.". In: International conference on the development of agricultural Information Management, Technology and markets in the 21st Century. Beijing, China. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1998. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE, CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G., Agab H. and Khalifalla A.J. 1998. Camel Dermatophilosis in Kenya, Sudan and Saudi Arabia. Proc. Third Ann. meeting for Anim. Prod. Under arid conditions. Vol.2: 93-107.". In: Third Ann. meeting for Anim. Prod. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1998. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1997
G GC, Nyaga P N. " Some biological properties of camelpox virus isolated from camels (camelus dromedarius) in Kenya. ." Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 1997;52(4):141-148. Abstractpub_25_gitao_and_nyaga_1997.pdfWebsite

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C. G. 1997. An investigation of camelpox outbreaks in two principal camel rearing areas (Camelus. dromedarius) of Kenya. Rev. Sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz.16 (3), 841-847.". In: 3 rd Annual meeting for Animal Production under arid conditions, Camel production and future perspectives. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1997. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C. G., Nyaga P .N .1997. Pathogenicity of camelpox virus adapted to sheep skin and sheep kidney derived cell cultures in camels. Indian Vet. J. 74, 872-874.". In: 3 rd Annual meeting for Animal Production under arid conditions, Camel production and future perspectives. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1997. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G., Agab H. & Khalifalla A.J. 1997. A comparison of camel dermatophilosis from Kenya and Sudan. 4th Biennial Meeting of the Society for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Montpellier, France May 5-9*.". In: 4th Biennial Meeting of the Society for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Montpellier, France May 5-9*. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1997. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1996
1995
CHEGE GITAOGEORGE. ""The main health problems of poultry rearing in the peri-urban areas of Nairobi.". In: VIIIth International Conference of Association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine (AITVM), . 175-179 Berlin, Germany: D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1995. Abstractpub_29_gitao_1995.pdf

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

CHEGE GITAOGEORGE, Nyaga P N. "Pathogenicity of a camelpox virus strain from Kenya on camels (Camelus dromedarius). ." Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa. 1995;43:247-251. Abstractpub_28_gitao_and_nyaga_1995.pdfWebsite

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

1994
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G., Mugera G.M. 1994. "Transmissible gastroenteritis in Kenya". Presented at the 13th International Pig Veterinary Society Congress(IPVS). June 26-30th Bangkok, Thailand *.". In: 13th International Pig Veterinary Society Congress(IPVS). Bangkok, Thailand: D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1994. Abstract

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

CHEGE GITAOGEORGE. "Outbreaks of contagious ecthyma in camels (Camelus dromedarius) in the Turkana district of Kenya. ." Revue Scientifique et Technique (International Office of Epizootics). 1994;13(3):939-945. Abstractpub_30_gitao_1994.pdfWebsite

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C. G. 1994.". In: 1st Conference on University-Industry Science Partnership in Africa, Under the auspices of UNESCO. Arusha, Tanzania 5-6 Dec. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1994. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1994. "The epidemiology of camelpox in Kenya. Presented at the VIIth International Symposium of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (WVLD) Nov. 8-11, Buenos Aires, Argentina.". In: VIIth International Symposium of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (WVLD) Nov. 8-11, Buenos Aires, Argentina. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1994. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1993
CHEGE GITAOGEORGE. "An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the epidemiological survey of Dermatophilus congolensis infection in camels (Camelus dromedaries). ." Revue Scientifique et Technique (International Office of Epizootics) . 1993;12(2):639-645. Abstractpub_31_gitao_1993.pdfWebsite

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

G GC. "The Epidemiology and control of camel Dermatophilosis." Rev. D'elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop. . 1993;46(1-2):309-311.pub_34_gitao_1993.pdf
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1993. Camel dermatophilosis in Kenya. In Proceedings "IFS Scientific workshop for East African grantees;(Animal production)", Kampala, Uganda 19-22 April*. Courtesy of IFS *.". In: IFS Scientific workshop for East African grantees;(Animal production)", Kampala, Uganda 19-22 April*. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1993. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1993. Camel dermatophitosis in Kenya. In Proceedings "IFS Scientific workshop for East African grantees (Animal production)" 19-22 April 153-160.". In: 1st Conference on University-Industry Science Partnership in Africa, Under the auspices of UNESCO. Arusha, Tanzania 5-6 Dec. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1993. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1993. The epidemiology and control of camel dermatophilosis. "The second Biennial meeting, American Society of Tropical Veterinary Medicine (ASTVM)", * Feb 2-6, Guadeloupe, French West Indies. Courtesy of lFS*.". In: The second Biennial meeting, American Society of Tropical Veterinary Medicine (ASTVM)", * Feb 2-6, Guadeloupe, French West Indies. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1993. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. and Mbuthia P.G. 1993. The clinical manifestation of infectious bursal disease in Kenya. In Proceedings, "Joint Regional Commonwealth and 11th Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific conference", Arusha 30-3 Dec.1993 .*.". In: Joint Regional Commonwealth and 11th Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific conference", Arusha 30-3 Dec.1993 .*. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1993. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1992
CHEGE GITAOGEORGE. "Eye infection in the camel (Camelus dromedarius) associated with Actinomyces pyogenes." Indian Veterinary Journal. 1992;69:933-934. Abstractpub_35_gitao_and_karaba_1992.pdfWebsite

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

G GC, C BL. "Histomoniasis in a Peafowl (Pavo Cristatusl." Indian Veterinary Journal. 1992;69:944-945.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1992. Dermatophilosis in camels (Camelus dromedarius Linnaeus, 1758) in Kenya Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz. 11(4), 1079-1086.". In: Joint Regional Commonwealth and 11th Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific conference", Arusha 30-3 Dec.1993 .*. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1992. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. and Bebora L.C. 1992. Histomoniasis in a Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) in Kenya, Indian Vet. J. 69:944-945.". In: Joint Regional Commonwealth and 11th Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific conference", Arusha 30-3 Dec.1993 .*. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1992. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1991
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1991. Camel dermatophilosis. Presented at "The Symposium on Health & Management of free ranging animals"**c.". In: Symposium on Health & Symposium on Health & Management of free ranging animals. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1991. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1991. Rabies control in Kenya Presented at "The 3rd Meeting on the co-ordination of rabies control in Europe.". In: The 3rd Meeting on the co-ordination of rabies control in Europe. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1991. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1990
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1990. The epidemiology of contagious ecthyma in camels (Camelus dromedarius) from Kenya. Presented at the "VlIIth International Congress of Virology W29-8, Berlin, West Germany*.". In: VlIIth International Congress of Virology W29-8, Berlin, West Germany*. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1990. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. Evans J.O. and Atkins D.A. 1990. Natural Dermatophilus congolensis infection in Camels (Camelus dromedarius) from Kenya. J. Comp. Path. 103: 307-313.". In: The 3rd Meeting on the co-ordination of rabies control in Europe. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1990. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. Evans J.O. Atkins D.A. 1990. Simple management of vaginal prolapse in the camel (Camelus dromedaries). Bull. Anim. Hlth Prod. Afri. 39: 255-256.". In: The 3rd Meeting on the co-ordination of rabies control in Europe. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1990. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1989
CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Gitao C.G. 1989. Major causes of Poultry condemnation in Kenya. Presented at the World Veterinary Poultry association, IX International poultry congress, Aug. 1989.Brighton, U.K. pp.45. Courtesy of British council.*.". In: World Veterinary Poultry association. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1989. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.
1987
S EDWARDS, G GC. ". Highly sensitive antigen detection Procedures for the diagnosis of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis: Amplified Elisa and Reverse passive Haemaglutination. ." Veterinary Microbiology. 1987;13:135-141. Abstractpub_40_edwards_and_gitao_1987.pdfWebsite

The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

CHEGE DRGITAOGEORGE. "Nguhiu M. and Gitao C.G.1987. Acute cellulitis as a complication of footrot in cattle. Modern Vet. Pract. Vol. 68 No.2, 110-111.". In: World Veterinary Poultry association. D.M.Matheka,T.N kiama; 1987. Abstract
The stability of adrenaline ophthalmic solutions, at pH 5.8 and 7.4, to sterilization and storage conditions has been studied. Solutions sterilized by filtration or heating at 98 degrees C for 30 min showed no detectable degradation at either pH value, whilst sterilization at higher temperatures resulted in losses of up to 30%. Total degradation increased with increasing sterilization temperature at both pH values.

UoN Websites Search