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al-Moflehal-Tuwaijri, IA; al-Khuwaitir SA; MAA; KDB; AS. "Hepatic microsomal protein and cytochrome P-450 in BALB/c mice infected with Leishmania.". 1989. Abstract

The effects of infection of mice with Leishmania major on liver microsomal protein and cytochrome P-450 were examined. The levels of hepatic microsomal protein and cytochrome P-450 were monitored at 6, 7, 9 and 12 weeks post-infection. The results indicated that the amount of hepatic microsomal protein and cytochrome P-450 were unchanged throughout the course of infection with L. major, despite the high degree of parasite proliferation in Kupffer cells and marked reduction in phagocytosis. The current results clearly indicate that Leishmania-induced macrophage suppression has no inhibitory effect on hepatic microsomal protein and cytochrome P-450

.; Submitted. Abstract
n/a
imsop SJ, Kamau GN, Karuu SP. Analysis of Heavy Metal Pollutants along Nairobi River..; 2002.
wekesah CW. Assessment of renewable energy resources potential for rural electrification in Kenya .; 1995. Abstract

Increased international pnces of petroleum-based products, rapid depletion of fuel-wood supplies and increased environmental concerns over air quality, global warming and acid rain, among other factors, have prompted a world-wide growth of interest in the utilization of renewable energy resources for electrification purposes, especially in the isolated rural areas. This research study was done in order to know quantitatively, how much potential electrical power can be harnessed from the hydro and solar resources in Kenya as well as its seasonal and daily profiles for the purpose of rural electrification. The daily profile of the rural loads was also determined and compared with the profiles of the two renewable energy sources (solar and hydro). Further, the cost of electrical energy from the two renewable energy sources was compared with that obtained from extension of the grid network. Mini- and micro-hydropower sites and the potential electrical power at each site were determined with the aid of 1:50,0000 scale topographic maps and river flow data available at the Survey of Kenya Institute and Ministry of Water Development respectively. On the other hand, solar sites and the potential electrical power associated with each site were determined with the aid of solar radiation data from Kenya Meteorological Department. Nairobi. The potential electrical power at each solar site was determined assuming 12% solar cell conversion efficiency. A daily rural load curve was determined from consumption data taken at Gachororo Village, Thika District. Further data on country-wide rural loads was obtained from Kenya Power and Lighting Company. (vi) The cost of electrical energy from both small hydropower and grid supplies was found to be strongly dependent on the annual capacity factor and the supply-to-load distance. The cost of solar supplies was strongly influenced by the fact that the ratings of the solar panels available on the market are low, being mostly less than 100 peak watts. Hence solar PV installations have very high cost per kW of installed capacity, which reflects high cost per kWhof electrical energy delivered. Gachororo Village is about 100 metres from the nearest grid point and 10 km from the nearest small hydro site. At an annual capacity factor of 30%, grid extension was the cheapest way of power supply to the village (KSh 2.60 per unit), followed by small hydropower (KSh 16.60 per unit) and finally by solar photovoltaic supply (KSh 155.30 for a 51 W installation). The distance beyond which grid supply becomes more expensive compared to small hydro supply was found to be 35.33 km at 30% annual capacity factor.

de cock, km; Govindarajan VRAGS; B;. "Hepatitis B virus DNA in fulminant hepatitis B.". 1986.
kinyuawanjau. Acquisition of books at kenya polytechnic. Nairobi: Technical University of Kenya; 1999.
kITHIIA SM, Wambua BN. "Temporal changes of sediments dynamics within the Nairobi River sub-basins between 1990-2006 time scale, Kenya." Annals of Warsaw University of Life Science-SGGW, Land Reclamation No 42 . 2010.
kITHIIA SM, KRHODA GO. "Sediment yields and transport within the Nairobi River basins, Kenya.". In: River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM2011. Tsinghua University, Beijing; 2011.
h, D.N. Mungai OP, R. Betch 2005. "Environment and Water Programme, Kenya Follow-up Mission." Royal Netherlands Embassy, Kenya, 35 pp; 2005. Abstract
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raham SM, Rajwans N, Tapia KA, Jaoko W, Estambale B, McClelland RS, Overbaugh J, Liles WC. "A prospective study of endothelial activation biomarkers, including plasma angiopoietin-1 and angiopoietin-2, in Kenyan women initiating antiretroviral therapy.". 2013. Abstracta_prospective_study_of_endothelial_activation.pdf

HIV-1-related inflammation is associated with increased levels of biomarkers of vascular adhesion and endothelial activation, and may increase production of the inflammatory protein angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2), an adverse prognostic biomarker in severe systemic infection. We hypothesized that antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation would decrease endothelial activation, reducing plasma levels of ANG-2. METHODS: Antiretroviral-naive Kenyan women with advanced HIV infection were followed prospectively. Endothelial activation biomarkers including soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and E-selectin, and plasma ANG-2 and angiopoietin-1 (ANG-1) were tested in stored plasma samples from 0, 6, and 12 months after ART initiation. We used Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank tests to compare endothelial activation biomarkers across time-points, generalized estimating equations to analyze associations with change in log10-transformed biomarkers after ART initiation, and Cox proportional-hazards regression to analyze associations with mortality. RESULTS: The 102 HIV-1-seropositive women studied had advanced infection (median CD4 count, 124 cells/muL). Soluble ICAM-1 and plasma ANG-2 levels decreased at both time-points after ART initiation, with concomitant increases in the beneficial protein ANG-1. Higher ANG-2 levels after ART initiation were associated with higher plasma HIV-1 RNA, oral contraceptive pill use, pregnancy, severe malnutrition, and tuberculosis. Baseline ANG-2 levels were higher among five women who died after ART initiation than among women who did not (median 2.85 ng/mL [inter-quartile range (IQR) 2.47--5.74 ng/mL] versus median 1.32 ng/mL [IQR 0.35--2.18 ng/mL], p = 0.01). Both soluble ICAM-1 and plasma ANG-2 levels predicted mortality after ART initiation. CONCLUSIONS: Biomarkers of endothelial activation decreased after ART initiation in women with advanced HIV-1 infection. Changes in plasma ANG-2 were associated with HIV-1 RNA levels over 12 months of follow-up. Soluble ICAM-1 and plasma ANG-2 levels represent potential biomarkers for adverse outcomes in advanced HIV-1 infection.

kinyuawanjau. Job satisfaction at University of nairobi:a survey. Nairobi: university of Nairobi; 2004.
ohn-Stewart, G.C; Mbori-Ngacha DA; PFREOODSBL; C;. "HV-1-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and breast milk HIV-1 transmission.". 2009. Abstract

Breast-feeding by infants exposed to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) provides an opportunity to assess the role played by repeated HIV-1 exposure in eliciting HIV-1-specific immunity and in defining whether immune responses correlate with protection from infection. Breast-feeding infants born to HIV-1-seropositive women were assessed for HLA-selected HIV-1 peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte interferon (IFN)-gamma responses by means of enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISpot) assays at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of age. Responses were deemed to be positive when they reached > or = 50 HIV-1-specific sfu/1 x 10(6) peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and were at least twice those of negative controls. A total of 807 ELISpot assays were performed for 217 infants who remained uninfected with HIV-1 at approximately 12 months of age; 101 infants (47%) had at least 1 positive ELISpot result (median, 78-170 sfu/1 x 10(6) PBMCs). The prevalence and magnitude of responses increased with age (P = .01 and P = .007, respectively); the median log(10) value for HIV-1-specific IFN-gamma responses increased by 1.0 sfu/1 x 10(6) PBMCs/month (P < .001) between 1 and 12 months of age. Of 141 HIV-1-uninfected infants with 1-month ELISpot results, 10 (7%) acquired HIV-1 infection (0/16 with positive vs. 10/125 [8%] with negative ELISpot results; P = .6). Higher values for log(10) HIV-1-specific spot-forming units at 1 month of age were associated with a decreased risk of HIV-1 infection, adjusted for maternal HIV-1 RNA level (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.09 [95% confidence interval, 0.01-0.72]).. Breast-feeding HIV-1-exposed uninfected infants frequently had HIV-1-specific IFN-gamma responses. Greater early HIV-1-specific IFN-gamma responses were associated with decreased HIV-1 acquisition.

iii) Nyonje, O.R. & Kagwiria E. "Implementing Life skills programme in Kenya." Journal of Educational Management Society of Kenya. 2012;Volume 6 Number 4: Pages 122-133: ISSN 2074-5400.
kamari, Lawrence D.E.; Oucho O-AAOJ; ABC. "Regional variation in infant mortality in Kenya: A search for explanations."; 2000.
kITHIIA SM, Musingi JK. "Effects of Land Use Systems on the Water Quality within the Nairobi River Sub-catchment." Eastern and Southern Africa Geographical Journal. 1995;Vol. 6 No. 1, 1995 (1995):17-36 . AbstractWebsite

The  study found out that Masinga Dam has adversely affected the public health in the communities around the dam. malaria was the most prevalent ailment followed by typhoid fever. Bilharzia has also increased since the dam was constructed.

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", L.W. Njenga and D.N. Kariuki. "Accumulation of Fluoride by Plants and Vegetables." International Journal of BioChemiPhysics. 1994.
" "JAO, " "EO, Junga" "JO, " "WOO, " "MNN, " "QW, " "AVN, Saif" "LJ, Djikeng" "A. "Molecular detection and genetic characterization of kobuviruses and astroviruses in asymptomatic local pigs in East Africa." Archives of Virology. 2014;159(6):1313-1319.
" R.W. Kahama, D.N.Kariuki KNHN & LW. "Fluorosis in children and sources of fluoride around Lake Elementaita Region of Kenya." Fluoride. 1997;30(1):19-25. Abstract

During a project to determine the fluoride levels of milk in Lake
Elementaita region, the authors were astonished by the high levels of fluorosis in
children living in the area. With special reference to children, a study was
designed to establish and describe the levels of dental fluorosis and also to
determine other sources of fluoride to the community. The levels of dental
fluorosis were recorded using Thylstrup and Fejerskov classification method
(TF) for children aged between 2-14 years. Biodata information, feeding habits
and details of fluoride history were collected using a questionnaire form filled out
with the help of teachers and/or parents.
Results pertain to both continuous and non-continuous residents for both
primary and permanent dentition. The high fluorosis level of 95.8% was associated
with the fluoride concentration in the community water supply and food.
Food samples analysed for fluoride include cows milk (the major source of
nutrients for the children in the area), vegetables and water. Fluoride levels in
drinking water from different boreholes were high, varying from 2.0-20.9 pg/mL-1.
Milk fluoride levels in samples from seven localities ranged from 0.05-0.22
pg/mL-1 (mean) and an individual animal range of 0.02-0.34 pg/g-1 . Vegetables
had fluoride levels between 7.9-59.3 pg/g-1 with an exception of one with 296.6
pg/g-1 . The soils in which the vegetables are grown had over 1000 ppm. This
being a landscape formed by the process of faulting and volcanic activity, the
dust from Lake Elementaita also had high fluoride concentration of 2300 pg/g-1.
Key words: Dental fluorosis; Fluoride sources; Kenya; Milk; Water.

"Carine Va n Malderen", Ogali" "I, Khasakhala" "A, Muchiri" "SN, Sparks" "C, Oyen" "HV, Speybroeck" "N. "Decomposing Kenyan socio-economic inequalities in skilled birth attendance and measles immunization." International Journal for Equity in Health. 2013;12(3 ):14712-3.
"D.Mbugua", "C.N.Kimwele", "J.O.Jung'a", "E.Gatebe", "F.Gakuya", "M.J.Kinuthia", 'M.M.Mugambi", "E.S.Kwamboka". "use of cytochrome oxidase 1 gene region: a molecular tool for the domestic and wildlife industry in Kenya." Scientific Journal of Animal Science. 2014;3(3):87-94.
"Evelyne A", undefined. "Truth-seeking in Kenya: Assessing the Effectiveness of the Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya." Africa Nazarene University Law Journal. 2013;1(1):133-164.
"Gunga SO", "Nzuki PK". "Teaching Practice Benchmarking Methodology: The Way to Teacher Education Professionalism in Kenya.". In: Teaching Practice Symposium. Tangaza College, Nairobi; 2010. Abstract

Benchmarking in Teaching Practice (TP) is the process of identification of "best practice" in relation to quality of teachers produced. It involves assessment of the processes by which teachers are trained and posted to various institutions for Internship. The objective of benchmarking in TP is to understand and evaluate the current position of the organization of teacher education process in relation to "best practice", and to identify areas and possible means of performance improvement.
The purpose of this paper was to assess how Kenyan teacher education institutions in general and university of Nairobi in particular could position themselves compared to teacher education institutions globally, in the professional management of TP. The paper proposes a benchmarking methodology which the authors believe will be appropriate for professional teaching attachment and to which the various teacher education institutions in Kenya could adhere.
Key words:
Benchmarking, professionalism, Cooperating Teachers, supervision, placement

"J.O.Amimo", "S.Thumbi", "B.O.Inyangala", "J.O.Jung'a", "R.O.Mosi". "Soci-economic characteristics and perceptions of cattle keeepers and constraints to cattle production in Western Kenya." Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2011;23(6).
"Kanyinga K". "Demystifying politics of land tenure: Okoth-Ogendo and the concept of land in Africa.". In: The Gallant Academic: Essays in Honour of H. W. O. Okoth-Ogendo. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2017.
"Michuki, G" "Koome "KP" J". "Producing for Whom? The Khat Question in Kenya." Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences. Forthcoming;2015.
"Michuki G". "Women’s Land Rights: Cultural Dynamism and Decentralized Land Administration in Kenya." Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences. 2015;4(3):131-140.
"Michuki G", "Lay J", "Mohamud T". “Boda-boda’s Rule: Non-agricultural Activities and their Poverty and Inequality Implications in Western Kenya”?. Hamburg, Germany: German Institute for Global and Area Studies; 2007.wp48_lay-etal.pdf
"Muasya JN". "Lecture Thirteen: Gender and Pedagogy in Higher Education.". In: Training Manual in Pedagogy. Nairobi, Kenya: Centre for Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi; Submitted.
"Ng'ethe N", "Michuki G", "Wanjiru R". “Police Reforms in Kenya: Perceptions and Expectations from Key Stakehoders”. Nairobi: Institute of Policy Analysis and Research; 2013.
"Njiraine D", "LeRoux". "Applying Earl’s KM model in IK management: with reference to Kenya and South Africa. ." The Electronic Library. 2011;29(6):817-827 .
"Njiraine D", D.N" O", " Onyancha B". "Indigenous knowledge research in Kenya and South Africa: an informetrics study.". In: Research issues in Information Studies in a changing local and global environment: Some African perspectives. Saarbrücken (Germany): Lambert Academic Publishing; 2011.
"Njiraine D", "Ocholla DN ", " Onyancha B". "Indigenous knowledge research in Kenya and South Africa: an informetrics study. ." African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems (Indilinga).. 2010;9(2):194-210.
"Njiraine DM", "Ocholla DN ", "LeRoux". "Auditing the Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) in South Africa: Challenges and Opportunities. ." Journal of the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives (ESARBICA). 2008;27:203-222.
"Simiyu, J. ", "Mwabora, M. J. ", "Aduda, B. O. ". "Anthocyanin Sensitized Nanoporous TiO2 PEC Solar Cells Prepared by Sol Gel Process." Progr. Colloid Polym. Science. 2004;125(1):34-37.
&
& NGHN, Nderitu J.H. Invertebrate Zoology for Beginners.(ISBN. 9966-05-131-7) . Nairobi, Kenya.: Equatops Trading; 2007.
& Origa JO, Gatumu JC. "Philosophical and Psychological Issues in Transition from Pre-school to Primary School." Kenya Institute of Education. 2002.
& Origa JO, Nzuki PK, Bowa O, Gunga SO. "The Relationship Between Perceived Quality Dimensions and Growth in Distance Education Deta Conference.". In: Deta Conference .; 2013.
'
''Korir E'', ''Kiplimo J''J, ''Crouch N''R, ''Moodley N'', ''Koorbanally N''A. "Quinolizidine alkaloids from Sophora velutina Subsp. zimbabweensis(Fabaceae: Sophoreae)." Natural product Communications. 2012;7(8):999-1003.
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(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Daniel, R.C.W., Kerr, D.R. and Mulei, C.M. (1990). Occurrence and effects of subclinical hypocalcaemia in dairy cows.". In: Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production. 50: 261-263.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU,(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Kitaa, J.M.A., Mulei, C.M., Mande, J.D. and Wabacha J.K. (2005). Clinical, laboratory diagnosis and treatment of Ehlrlichial infections: Dogs. A review.". In: The Kenya Veterinarian. 29:71-75.; 2005.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Wabacha, J.K. and Mulei C.M. (2000). The economic impact of progressive atrophic rhinitis in grower-finisher pigs in Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 48:189-191.; 2000.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1990). Relationship between plasma and erythrocyte magnesium concentrations in dairy cattle.". In: Metal Ions Biol. Med. 1: 168-171.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Wandera, J.G. Kamau, J.A. Ngatia, T.A. Wamukoya, J.P.O. and Mulei, C.M. (2000). Bovine lymphosarcoma in Kenya.". In: The Kenya Vet. 20:67-69.; 2000.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Maina, A.K. and Mulei, C.M. (1994). Mammary quarter infection rate in smallholder dairy farms in Kiambu District of Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 42: 69-70.; 1994.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mbuthia, P.G., Runyenje, P.E.N., Ngatia, T.A. and Mulei, C.M. (1992). Occurrence of poultry chemical poisoning in Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 41: 45-50.; 1992.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M., Gitau, G.K. and Mbuthia, P.G. (1995). Causes of calf mortality in Kabete area of Kiambu District of Kenya.". In: . Onderstepoort J. Vet. Research. 62 : 181-185.; 1995.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU,(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Wabacha J K, C.M. Mulei, N.P. Gitonga, M. J., Njenga, A.G. Thaiyah A.G, and J. Nduhiu (2007). Atypical dermatophilosis of sheep in Kenya.". In: J, S. Afr. vet. Ass. 78(3):178-181.; 2007.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1999) Teat lesions and their relationship to intramammary infections in small scale dairy farms in Kenya.". In: . J. S. Afr. Vet. Ass. 70 (4):156-157.; 1999.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Ngatia, T.A., Mulei, C.M., Gathumbi, P.K. and Wabacha, J.K. (2001). Oedema disease of Swine. A toxaemia or an infection?". In: Bull. Anim. Prod. Hlth. Afr. 49:292-298.; 2001.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1990). Blood chemistry changes during starvation and their possible relationship with growth rate in dairy heifers.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 38: 331-334.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Daniel, R.C.W. (1990). Changes in plasma and erythrocyte sodium and potassium concentrations in dairy heifers during starvation.". In: Acta Veterinarian (Beograd), 40: (2-3) 59-64.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Ndegwa, E.N., Mulei, C.M. and Munyua, S.J.M. (2000). The prevalence of subclinical mastitis in dairy goats in Kenya.". In: J. S. Afr. Vet. Ass. 71 (1):25-27.; 2000.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1989). Evaluation of fertility of dairy cows using blood chemistry.". In: The Kenya Veterinarian, 13: 27-30.; 1989.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Munyua, S.J.M. Urea poisoning in a commercial Jersey Herd.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 36: 279-280.; 1988.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Maina, A. K. and Mulei, C.M. (1993). The prevalence of udder and teat lesions in dairy cows in Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 41: 161-162.; 1993.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Atwell, R.B. (1989). A case of lymphoedema in a Friesian-Aryshire crossbreed female calf.". In: Aust. Vet. J. 66: 227-228.; 1989.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1990). Micro-organisms associated with clinical mastitis in dairy cows in Kiambu District of Kenya.". In: . Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr. 38: 331-334.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (2000). Micro organisms associated with non-functional mammary gland quarters in small scale dairy farms in Kenya.". In: Indian J. Anim. Sci. 70 (9) 897-898.; 2000.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Daniel, R.C.W. (1990). The value of magnesium loading in detecting magnesium deficiency in young calves.". In: Indian J. Anim. Sci. 60 (2): 173-174.; 1990.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M., (1989). The effect of short fasting period on blood chemistry of dairy heifers.". In: The Kenya Veterinarian, 13: 31-32.; 1989.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU,(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Wabacha J K, Gitonga N P, Njenga M. J., Thaiyah A.G, Mulei C M (2006). An outbreak of acute bovine dermatophilosis in a large scale dairy herd in Kenya.". In: Bull. Anim. Prod. Hlth. Afr, 54:144-147.; 2006.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mbuthia, P.G., Karioki, D.I. and Mulei, C.M. (1994). Generalized Demodicosis in a zero-grazed Friesian heifer.". In: Vet. Parasit. 51: 337-343.; 1994.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. and Ngatia, T.A. (1999). An unusual presentation of a suspected oedema disease of Swine in Kenya.". In: J. S. Afr. Vet. Ass. 70 (2): 100-101.; 1999.
(CHAIRMAN) PROFMULEICHARLESMATIKU. "Mulei, C.M. (1990). The use of clinical pathology in the diagnosis of urinary tract diseases in animals.". In: The Kenya Vet. 14:7-9.; 1990.
co-authored with and(ed) DOLOOADAMSWOAB. "Domestic Terrorism in Kenya.". In: Domestic Terrorism in Africa; Defining, Adressing and Understanding It’s Impact on Human Security. SOUTH AFRICA: Institute for Security Studies; 2009.
co-authored with and(ed) DRADAMSOLOOKKDO. "Party Mobilization and Membership.". In: Tensions and Reversals in Democratic Transitions. The Kenya 2007 General Elections. NAIROBI: SID/IDS ; 2010.
co-authored with and(ed) AOWOAI. "Marginalization and the Rise of Militia Groups in Kenya; The Mungiki and the Sabaot Land Defence Force.". In: ) Militias, Rebels and Islamist Militants. Human Insecurity and State Crisis in Africa,. South Africa: Institute for Security Studies; 2010.
co-authored with(ed) DOLOOADAMSMM. "Regional institutions and the Quest for security in the Horn of Africa.". In: Human Security: Setting the Agenda for the Horn of Africa. NAIROBI: Africa Peace Forum; 2008.
co-authored with(ed) DOLOOADAMRA. "Civil Society and the Consolidation of the Democratic Space in Kenya.". In: Two Countries One Dream. The Challenges of Democratic Consolidation in Kenya and South Africa. SOUTH AFRICA: KMM Review Publishing Company; 2009.
(ed.) NM. "The Gender Dimensions of the NEPAD,." NEPAD and Mobilization of International Resources: the Gender Dimension; 2008. Abstract
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with and in(ed.) DOLOOADAMSOAJODO. "Civil Society in the New Dispensation: Prospects and Challenges.". In: Civil Society in the Third Republic. NAIROBI: National Council of NGOs; 2004.
(Ed.) IV. "“Elements of Orality in Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s The Wizard of the Crow”.". In: Across borders, Crossing Margins. Lecce: Salento, UP; 2010.
(Editor) FM,(Editor) HN. 3. Africa Imperatives in the World Trade Order: Case Studies on Kenya. , 2005.. Nairobi: AERC.-KIPPRA; 2005.
(Eds) HI/MO. "“The Child Reader as Writer”." Nairobi Journal of Literature. 2006;4:30-41.
(Eds) DGN/GD/KKC. "“Will they survive the margins? Endangered languages and oral traditions in Kenya”.". In: Indigeneity, Culture and Representation. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan; 2009.
(Eds) DGN/GD/KKC. "“Virtual Communities as spaces for safeguarding endangered cultures”.". In: Local Knowledge - Global Translations. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan; 2013.
(Eds) TB/AA/TO. "“Global Africa: The Question of Language, Identity and Communication”.". In: Teaching African History to the Diaspora and Teaching Diaspora History to Africa. Lagos: CBAAC; 2009.
(eds.) OCO, et al. "Land Tenure and Sustainable Environmental Management in Kenya.". In: Environmental Governance in Kenya: Implementing the Framework Law. NAIROBI: East African Education Publishers; 2008.
and(Eds.) THEC. "Gender and International Environmental Governance.". In: University of Eastern Finland- UNEP Course Series 9. Joensuu, Finland: University of Eastern Finland; 2010.
(eds.) OCO, et al. "Kenya’s National Biosafety Framework.". In: Environmental Governance in Kenya: Implementing the Framework Law. NAIROBI: East African Education Publishers; 2008.
(Eds.) HI /MO. "“(Re) Writing Orality in Oral Performance”." Nairobi Journal of Literature. 2005;3:16-25.
(eds.) OCO, et al. "The Use of Criminal Law in Enforcing Environmental Law.". In: Environmental Governance in Kenya: Implementing the Framework Law. Nairobi: East African Education Publishers; 2008.
(eds.) OCO, et al. "Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing in Kenya.". In: Environmental Governance in Kenya: Implementing the Framework Law. NAIROBI: East African Education Publishers, Nairobi; 2008.
and(Eds.) ATJS. "Pathways to Real Access to Land-Related Resources for Women: Challenging and Overturning Dominant Legal Paradigms.". In: Women and Law: Innovative Regional Approaches to Teaching, Researching and Analysing Women and Law. Harare: Weaver Press; 2011.
(Eds.) TB/AA/TO. "“Remembering through (m)other tongues: A new approach to Pan-Africanism”.". In: Pan-Africanism and the Integration of Continental and Diaspora Africa. Lagos: CBAAC; 2012.
(Eds.) L& GPRHD. "Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV through Breastfeeding: Strategies for prevention.". In: HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care in Resource-Constrained Settings: A Handbook for the Design and Management of Programs. Arlington, VA: Family Health International. ; 2001.
in and(eds.) AMJSR. "The Role of Initiation Ceremonies in a Changing Social Environment”,.". In: Vanishing Cultural Heritage and Ethnography of an African Community: The Gusii of Western Kenya . New York: New York, The Edwin Mellen Press, 2006; 2006.the_role_of_initiation_ceremonies_in_a_changing_social_environment.pdf
(eds.) OCO, et al. "Aligning Sectoral Wildlife Law to the Framework Environmental Law.". In: Environmental Governance in Kenya: Implementing the Framework Law. NAIROBI: East African Education Publishers; 2008.
and(ii) Keiyoro P.N. GKCMHJ. "(iii) Relationship between school environment and use of ICT teaching science curriculum in NEPAD schools." In the book of abstracts elearning conference 2011.Elearning Africa publications.. 2011.
and(ii) Keiyoro P.N. GKCMHJ. "An analysis of the relationship between acquisition of ICT skills and teaching science curriculum in nepade-schools in kenya." In Press publication in the Journal of Open and distance learning vol 3,issue 1 Jan 2013 Issue . SCDE). 2013.
and(ii) Keiyoro P.N. GKCMHJ. "(iii) Relationship between school environment and use of ICT teaching science curriculum in NEPAD schools." In the book of abstracts elearning conference 2011.Elearning Africa publications.. 2011.
(IIRR) TO,(KAPP) FO,(KAPP) EIC,(MKU) NJH,(IIRR) EM,(IIRR) CM,(IIRR) NB. Fruits of our toil. Nairobi: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Cathedral road, Nairobi; 2015.Fruits of our toil kapap_book_d10-1.pdf
(Phd) DRNAOMIGIKONYOWM. "Training ECD In-service teachers in ICT skill: First foot forward.". In: Academic Conference in the School of Continuing and Distance Education. University of Nairobi, Kikuyu Campus; 2013.
(Phd) DRNAOMIGIKONYOWM. "A Take and Give to Develop Communities." The FIGTree . 2013;1(1):16.
(Phd) DRNAOMIGIKONYOWM. "ICT INTEGRATION FOR LIBERATIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SCHOOLS: ARE THE EDUCATIONAL MANAGERS EQUIPPED?". In: 7th Annual International Conference. Eldoret Town, Kenya; 2011.conference_paper_abstract_moi_univ.doc
(Phd) DRNAOMIGIKONYOWM. "EMPOWERING COMMUNITIES THROUGH ADULT EDUCATION: CLOSING THE CHASM THROUGH DISTANCE LEARNING.". In: Research in Adult Education. Makerere University, Uganda; 2009. Abstract

ABSTRACT
This paper is a brief description of how the University of Nairobi through distance learning is empowering and developing the communities through distance education. The paper outlines the background against which the paper is based and the problem statement. The objectives of this paper will be to examine the role of adult education in community empowerment and development; and to explore how distance education has closed the chasm of access to education by the adults from remote communities. The paper stresses the indisputable need for promoting community- driven development and educational approaches as an important starting point for adult education and learning as well as poverty reduction.

Key words: Adult education, closing the chasm, Poverty, community empowerments

(Phd) DRNAOMIGIKONYOWM. Factors Influencing University Managers’ Participation in Distance Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi; 2012.
(Phd) DRNAOMIGIKONYOWM, Gakuu PC, Mboroki DG, Ndiritu DA. "• University Managers’ Participation in Distance Education: What Role Does Their Level of Knowledge in Distance Education Play?". In: ACADEMIC CONFERENCE IN THE SCHOOL OF CONTINUING AND DISTANCE EDUCATION. COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AND EXTERNAL STUDIES, UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, KENYA; 2013.university_managers_participation_in_de.doc
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*Kitonde, C.K., Dossaji, S. F., Lukhoba, C.W., Jumba, M.M. "Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Study of Vernonia glabra (Steetz) Oliv. & Hiern. in Kenya." African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines.. 2013;10(1):149-157.
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- Karere, G.M. OKMMSNOJP. "Primates population size and distribution in the lower Tana river forests, Kenya." International Journal of Primatology 25 (2): 351-365; 2004. Abstract
n/a
- Paul K. Muoria, Philip Muruthi WKBHDMNOKAO. "Anthrax outbreak among Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi) in Samburu, Kenya." African Journal of Ecology (online); 2007. Abstract
n/a
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. DRONYANGODANIELW. "Wango, E. O., Onyango, D. W., Odongo, H., Okindo, E & Mugweru, J (1997):In vitro production of testosterone and plasma levels of luteinizing hormone, testosterone and cortisol in male rats treated with heptachlor.Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 118C(3): 381-386.". In: Proceedings of the First Meeting of Federation of African Societies of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology(FASBMB) (Eds. Ochanda, J. O., Kiaira, J. K & Makawiti, D. W.),pp.195-198. Biochemical Society of Kenya. Kisipan, M.L.; 1997. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

. DRONYANGODANIELW. "Onyango, D. W., Wango, E. O., Otiang.". In: MSc. Thesis, University of Nairobi. Kisipan, M.L.; 2000. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

. DRONYANGODANIELW. "Onyango, D. W (2001): Effects of ethane dimethanesulphonate (EDS) on testicular and epididymal structure, and plasma testosterone profiles in the goat (Capra hircus). Ph.D thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya.". In: MSc. Thesis, University of Nairobi. Kisipan, M.L.; 2001. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

. DRONYANGODANIELW. "Onyango, D. W., Oduor-Okelo, D & Otiang.". In: Proceedings of the First Meeting of Federation of African Societies of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology(FASBMB) (Eds. Ochanda, J. O., Kiaira, J. K & Makawiti, D. W.),pp.195-198. Biochemical Society of Kenya. Kisipan, M.L.; 1992. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

. DRNYANGAYAJAMESA. "Use of ethanol in Diesel Engines: Published in the September/October 1993, Issue of the Kenya Engineer.". In: J Obst Gynecol East Cent. Afric. DR. MARK NELSON AWORI; PROF. PANKAJ G. JANI; 1993. Abstract
Twenty variceal banding sessions were performed in eight patients between February 1995 and September 1996. A total of 69 rings were used to band the varices and at each session between two to six rings were used. Two of the eight had active bleeding and both underwent variceal banding to successfully arrest their bleeding as inpatients. Sixteen other variceal banding sessions were performed on an outpatient basis to obliterate their varices. Four of the eight patients had had sclerotherapy before and varices were still present. No acute or long term complications were noted. In one patient, variceal banding could not be performed as he developed stridor upon placement of the overtube. All the patients had advanced varices (Grade III or IV) and extended for more than 15 cms in the oesophagus. Endoscopic variceal obliteration remains the treatment of choice for patients with portal hypertension with variceal bleeding. Variceal banding is associated with a superior outcome when compared with sclerotherapy; the variceal kill time is shorter, infective complications less, rebleeding occurs less commonly and transfusion requirements are lower.
. DRONYANGODANIELW. "Onyango, D. W., Gachoka, J. M., Otiang.". In: Proceedings of the First Meeting of Federation of African Societies of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology(FASBMB) (Eds. Ochanda, J. O., Kiaira, J. K & Makawiti, D. W.),pp.195-198. Biochemical Society of Kenya. Kisipan, M.L.; 1995. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

. DRNYANGAYAJAMESA. "Small scale manufacture of replacement crankshaft Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology (JAST) vol 4 (1) 2002 pp 83-90.". In: J Obst Gynecol East Cent. Afric. DR. MARK NELSON AWORI; PROF. PANKAJ G. JANI; 2002. Abstract
Twenty variceal banding sessions were performed in eight patients between February 1995 and September 1996. A total of 69 rings were used to band the varices and at each session between two to six rings were used. Two of the eight had active bleeding and both underwent variceal banding to successfully arrest their bleeding as inpatients. Sixteen other variceal banding sessions were performed on an outpatient basis to obliterate their varices. Four of the eight patients had had sclerotherapy before and varices were still present. No acute or long term complications were noted. In one patient, variceal banding could not be performed as he developed stridor upon placement of the overtube. All the patients had advanced varices (Grade III or IV) and extended for more than 15 cms in the oesophagus. Endoscopic variceal obliteration remains the treatment of choice for patients with portal hypertension with variceal bleeding. Variceal banding is associated with a superior outcome when compared with sclerotherapy; the variceal kill time is shorter, infective complications less, rebleeding occurs less commonly and transfusion requirements are lower.
. DRONYANGODANIELW. "Otiang'a-Owiti, G. E., Onyango, D. W., Ouma, J. O., Njogu, A and Mungania, S.K (2000): A review on methods employed in studying embryogenesis. AJST, 1(3):38-43.". In: MSc. Thesis, University of Nairobi. Kisipan, M.L.; 2000. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

. DRONYANGODANIELW. "Onyango, D. W., Wango, E. O and Werner, G (2001): Epididymal epithelial cell involution following a single intraperitoneal administration of ethane dimethanesulphonate (EDS) in the goat (Capra hircus). Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 175(1): 19-27.". In: MSc. Thesis, University of Nairobi. Kisipan, M.L.; 2001. Abstract

Isolated mouse interstitial cells were incubated with different concentrations of khat (Catha edulis) extract (0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml. 6 mg/ml. 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) and cell viability as well as testosterone concentration measured at 30 min intervals over a 3 h incubation period. High concentrations of khat extract (30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml) significantly inhibited testosterone production while low concentrations (0.06 mg/ml. 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml) significantly stimulated (P < 0.05) testosterone production by mouse interstitial cells. Similarly, at concentrations of 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml, there was a significant decrease in interstitial cell viability, whereas at 0.06 mg/ml, 0.6 mg/ml and 6 mg/ml there was no significant decrease. There was only a weak correlation (r= 0.39) between testosterone production and viable interstitial cells. We postulate that khat extract at high concentrations may cause reproductive function impairment in the user but at low concentrations. may enhance testosterone production with accompanying effects on reproductive functions in male mice. @2006 Publishedby Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Kel'lVords: In dtro; Khat; Testosterone; Interstitial cells; Mouse

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