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Book
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Chisia M. Sarufi Pevu ya Kiswahili Sanifu.; Forthcoming.
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Chege K, Kiruja B. Fasihi Andishi na Simulizi. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2016.fasihi_andishi_na_simulizi.pdf
Ferrier S, Ninan KN, Leadley P, Alkemade R, Acosta LA, Akcakaya HR, Brotons L, Cheung WWL, Christensen V, Harhash KA, KABUBO-MARIARA J, Lundquist C, Obersteiner M, Pereira HM, Peterson G, Pichs-Madruga R, Ravindranath N, Rondinini C, Wintle BA. The methodological assessment report on scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Bonn, Germany: IPBES; 2016.2016.methodological_assessment_report_scenarios_models.pdf
IRIBEMWANGI PI, Chisia M. Mwongozo wa Kidagaa Kimemwozea. Nairobi: Focus Publishers Ltd; 2016.mwongozo_wa_riwaya_kidagaa_kimemwozea.pdf
C.G. Gitao, E. Chepkwony, G. Muchemi. Foot and Mouth Disease in Somali Eco-system: Disease patterns in Kenya. OmniScriptum Marketing DEU GmbH Heinrich-Böcking-Straße 6-8 D - 66121 Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing; 2014.978-3-659-59673-5_coverpreview2.pdf
Bentivoglio M, Cavalherio EA, Kristensson K, Patel NB. Neglected Tropical Diseases and Conditions of the Nervous System. Springer; 2014.productflyer_978-1-4614-8099-0-1.pdf
Costanzo LS. Physiology: with {STUDENT} {CONSULT} {Online} {Access}, 5e. 5 edition. Philadelphia Pa.: Saunders; 2013. Abstract

Clear, consistent, and user-friendly, the updated edition of Physiology, by renowned physiology instructor Dr. Linda Costanzo, offers a comprehensive overview of core physiologic concepts at the organ system and cellular levels. It presents information in a short, simple, and focused manner, making it an ideal combination textbook and review guide for the USMLE Step 1. You'll grasp all the essential and relevant physiology knowledge you need for absolute success in school and on your exams! Build a strong understanding of the underlying principles of cellular physiology, the autonomic nervous system, and neurophysiology, as well as the cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, acid-base, gastrointestinal, endocrine, and reproductive organ systems.{\textbackslash}Grasp physiology principles with absolute clarity through step-by-step explanations, easy-to-follow diagrams, and a full-color design, in addition to physiology equations and sample problems integrated throughout the text.Effortlessly study important points and reinforce your understanding of physiology with the help of chapter summaries and review questions. Access the entire contents online at Student Consult, including an image bank, 8 animations, "Ask the Author" section, and FAQs.Master the latest physiology concepts with expanded coverage on electrochemical driving forces across cell membranes; the cellular mechanisms in smooth muscle; second messengers (including JAK-Stat pathway); the effects of AII, PGs, NSAIDs on RPF, GFR, filtration fraction, and proximal reabsorption; and local reflexes involved in peristalsis.Reinforce your understanding of key content with the help of additional questions at the end of each chapter offered in an open-ended, problem-solving format.

M.M. O, C.M R. and Procedures in Project Planning and Management. Nairobi, Kenya; 2013.
H.J. K, C.M. G, P.N. K. Fundamentals of Management:Theories, Concepts & Practice. Nairobi: Aura Books; 2013.
Okeyo AM, Ibrahim MNM;, Ali, A; Bhuiyan AKFH;, Choudhury MP;, Sarker SC;, Islam F;. Morphometry and performance of Black Bengal goats at the rural community level in Bangladesh.; 2013. AbstractWebsite

Data on morphometrics and performance of 106 Black Bengal goats were collected through an in-depth monitoring survey conducted in 73 families of Gangatia, Borachala and Pachpai villages of Bhaluka Upazila, Mymensingh, Bangladesh using a structured

Walker BR, Colledge NR, Ralston SH, Penman I. Davidson's principles and practice of medicine. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2013. Abstract
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Chaga H, et al. 6. A Unified Orthography for Bantu Languages of Kenya . Cape town, South Africa: CASAS; 2012.
H.J K, C.M G, P.N. K. Fundamentals of Management. Nairobi: Aura Books, Nairobi, ISBN 9966-123-456-7; 2012.
C.M K, I.W M. Social Problems and Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi-ODEL; 2012.
CHAIRMAN PROFJOHNHURIANDERITU, MEMBER DRRONALDMAATHAI, MEMBER DRJOHNSHIUNDU, MEMBER MADAMBIBIANNEWANJA, MEMBER DRKIMAMOGITHUI, MEMBER DRPAMELAOCHIENG, MEMBER DRFRANCISMUREGI, PERSON MRMULATINYUKURIRESOURCE, PERSON PROFPAULOKEMORESOURCE, PERSON PRORAPHAELWAHOMERESOURCE, SECRETARY MRAFUBWAMUSUMI. TASKFORCE REPORT ON MKU POSTGRADUATE TRAINING . Nairobi: MKU; 2012.report_on_postgraduate_training_at_mku_updated.pdf
I.W M, C.M K. TFD 632:Socialization Process and Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi-ODEL; 2012.
Oduor J, Jerono P, Sang H, Chelimo A. A Unified Orthography of Kalenjin Languages (Keiyo, Kipsigis, Marakwet, Nandi, Pokot, Sabaot, and Tugen). Cape Town: Centre for Advanced Studies of African Societies (CASAS).; 2012.
Mutembei, HM; Camargo; Viana JHM;, Muasa B;, Tsuma VT;, Origa RA;, Camargo; Viana, Okeyo AM. In vitro embryo production using Boran (Bos indicus) oocytes in Kenya.; 2011.Website
Tsuma VT;, Okeyo AM, Camargo; Viana JHM;, Origa RA;, Mutembei HM;, Muasa B;. In vitro embryo production using Boran (Bos indicus) oocytes in Kenya.; 2011.Website
Camargo; Viana, JHM; Okeyo AM, Muasa B;, Mutembei HM;, Tsuma VT;, Origa RA;, Camargo; Viana JHM;. In vitro embryo production using Boran (Bos indicus) oocytes in Kenya.; 2011.Website
Waris A, Kohonen M, Christensen J. Pathways towards tax Justice.; 2011.Website
C.M K, I.W M, L.M N, P.W K. TFD 301: Sociology of Education. Nairobi: University of Nairobi-ODEL; 2011.
Cockerill FR. Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing: twenty-first informational supplement. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI); 2011. Abstract
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Cockburn J, KABUBO-MARIARA J. Child Welfare in Developing countries ISBN 978-1-4419-6337-6. New York: Springer/PEP/IDRC ; 2010.
Chaga H. Kutiwa Jando’ in Mizungu ya Manabii na Hadithi Nyingine . Nairobi: Phoenix Publishers ; 2010.
Celestine M, Patricia K-M, Winfred K, Nancy B. Promoting the Human Rights of Women in Kenya: A Comparative Review of the Domestic Laws. Nairobi: UNIFEM; 2010.
Mumma-Martinon CA, Calas B. Shared Waters Shared Opportunities: Hydropolitics in East Africa.. Dar es Salam Tanzania: : French Institute for Research in Africa, Jesuit Hakimani Centre and Mkuki Na Nyota Publishers Ltd. ; 2010.
P M F M, Nguhiu J, CM M. Basic Principles of Veterinary Surgery. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi Press; 2009.
Wahome RG;, Choge S;, Wamwere N;, Mnene J;, Wang'ombe; Matere J, Matere J. Nutritional evaluation of the suitability of prosopis pods for livestock feed.; 2009. AbstractWebsite

To study the suitability of prosopis pods flour as a feed ingredient in manufacture of animal feeds, prosopis pods were collected from four districts heavily affected by the invasive species. Pods were collected from trees at three levels; green but mature pods still attached to the twigs, yellow (dry) pods still attached to the tree and yellow (dry) pods that had dropped onto the ground from the tree. Pods picked from the ground were inspected against decay or insect damage. These samples were analyzed at the department of animal production laboratory University of Nairobi for proximate chemical composition, fibre composition, and calcium and phosphorus profiles. In addition cost comparisons between prosopis pod flour and animal feedstuffs with approximate chemical composition were done. Pods collected in Tana River and Garissa Districts were drier than those collected in Baringo indicating potentially better keeping quality. The pods protein content averaged 11.7% but the fibre content was on the higher side at 29.8%. The calcium and phosphorus level, at 0.3% and 0.36% respectively, were considerably higher than those found in cereals although its availability on digestion was likely to be affected by the high fibre level. Pending studies on digestibility, degradability and metabolizable energy and performance evaluation will inform appropriate level of use in animal diets. However, the researchers, from the preliminary analysis, concluded that the flour will form a valuable addition to the feed ingredient base in Kenya.

Kim S, Williams R, Cinque L, Shiundu PM. Size Determination of Nanoparticles Used in Coatings.; 2009. AbstractSize Determination of Nanoparticles Used in Coatings

This chapter begins with a description of some commonly used particle sizing techniques, their applicability to nanoparticles, and their advantages and disadvantages. A special emphasis is given to fractionation techniques and their ability to simultaneously characterize nanoparticles and isolate monodispersed fractions from polydispersed samples. The latter part of this chapter provides an in-depth discussion of sedimentation field-flow fractionation (SdFFF) size analysis of nanoparticles used in coatings

Gichuru EK;, Combes MC;, Mutitu EW;, Ngugi ECK;, Omondi CO;, Bertrand B;, Lashermes P. Towards the development of sequence based markers for resistance to coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum kahawae).; 2009. AbstractWebsite

Coffee Berry Disease which affects green Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) berries is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum kahawae and is a major problem in Arabica coffee production in African countries. Breeding for resistance to this disease is therefore to a major priority in these countries avoid intensive chemical usage for its control. Recently, microsatellite and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms (AFLP) markers for a gene conferring resistance to the disease were identified and mapped onto the chromosomal region carrying the gene. To improve the repeatability of the AFLP markers, four of the marker bands were selected for cloning and sequencing to facilitate specific primers to be designed. Three of the resultant primers did not amplify products that exhibited polymorphism characteristic of the parent AFLP bands; but one primer pair amplified a product that dominantly identified the presence of the parent AFLP marker at an optimum temperature of 62°C followed by electrophoresis in agarose. The reliability of the designed primers was confirmed by analysis in 95 plants from a F2 population previously used to map the chromosomal fragment carrying the resistance. The importance of the results in enhancing the utility of the parent AFLP marker in relation to analytical costs and position on the chromosomal fragment is discussed.

P M F M, Nguhiu J, CM M. Basic Principles of Veterinary Surgery. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi Press; 2009. Abstract
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co-editor Jesse N.K. Mugambi, co-editor Christoph Stückelberger. Responsible Leadership: Global and Contextual Ethical Perspctives. Geneva/Nairobi: Globethics.net/Acton; 2008.
Chaga H. CLS 101 Module: Introduction to Swahili Language Skills . Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press; 2007.
Chaga H. Peremende’ in Kurudi Nyumbani na Hadithi Nyingine . Nairobi: Focus Publishers ; 2007.
Cerda C;, Diafas J;, Barkmann J;, Mburu J;, Marggraf R. WTP or WTA, or Both? Experiences from Two Choice Experiments for Early Planning Stages. In: Meyerhoff J., N. Lienhoop and P. Elsasser, eds. State Preference Methods for Environmental Valuation: Applications from Germany and Austria.; 2007. AbstractWebsite

The optimised design of project alternatives is a main challenge for the early stage of any real-world planning process. For participatory conservation planning procedures as required, e.g., by the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) Ecosystem Approach, it is essential to involve concerned stakeholders – and their values – as early as possible. We argue that the utilisation of choice experiments offers an attractive solution to the problem of an optimised design of project alternatives. In particular, we report experiences from two case studies employing choice experiments to generate policy advice. In both case studies, the necessity of dealing with the ambiguities of participatory planning processes led to the adoption of a payment vehicle format that includes WTP and WTA attribute levels. Like several other studies, we found evidence of WTP/WTA disparities that argue for reporting both values to stakeholders and administrators.

Crossland JIM, Morcom N. The catchment to coast continuum.; 2005.Website
C.O.N K, Anne N. Chosing a Spouse. In Kassim A (2005) True Love Waits(Eds). Nairobi: BARA manual ; 2005.
Clark OH, Duh Q-Y, Kebebew E. Textbook of endocrine surgery. WB Saunders Company; 2005. Abstract
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Skandalakis JE, Colborn GL. Skandalakis' {Surgical} anatomy: the embryologic and anatomic basis of modern surgery. Vol. 2. Athens, Greece: PMP; 2004. Abstract
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Yoon DH, Ochieng JW, Lee HK, Oh SJ, Cho BW, Cheong IC, Hanotte O. Genetic diversity and relationships of three Eastern Asian cattle breeds.; 2002. AbstractBook

Ten cattle populations, 3 Asian (Hanwoo, Yanbian, Wagyu), 2 African, and 2 European Bos taurus as well as 2 Asian B. indicus and one Bali cattle, B. banteng, were characterized with 13 microsatellite markers. A total of 364 animals from the different cattle populations were used in the study. Allele frequencies were used to estimate expected heterozygosities (He), genetic distances (Ds), and to perform principal component analysis. 165 alleles were observed across all loci. The data supported a common origin for the Hanwoo and Yanbian cattle (Ds=0.013). No evidence for a major West European taurine introgression into the Wagyu was observed. The Eastern Asian cattle were found to be genetically distinct from the European and African taurine and from the Asian zebu. It is recommended that the genetic uniqueness of these cattle breeds be maintained in conservation and improvement programmes

Ikiara GK, Aura - Samanta ZO, Sen RK, C P. Industrialisation and Development: The Kenyan Experience.; 2001.Website
C.O.N K, perspective R(E) ARC. Aids: ignorance or overwhelming drive. Nairobi: USIU; 2000.
Hamilton SR, Aaltonen LA, for on Cancer IAR, Organization WH, others. Pathology and genetics of tumours of the digestive system. Vol. 48. IARC press Lyon:; 2000. AbstractWebsite
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J B, C N, P M. Women Professionals in the Agricultural Sector: Kenya Case Study. Arkansas: Winrock International; 1992.
Ikiara GK, Coughlin PE. Kenya's industrialization dilemma.; 1991.Website
Cheatle, Rodney J; Muraya P; YA; TBKLMDB; EK;. Modelling soil changes under agroforestry.; 1989.
Cheatle RJ, Muraya P, Young A, Thomas DB, Biamah EK, Kilewe AM, Lundgren L. Modelling soil changes under agroforestry.; 1989. AbstractWebsite

In the older approach to soil conservation, the emphasis was on controlling the rate of soil loss, expressed as tonnes per hectare or millimeters of soil depth. Conservation measures were directed at reducing erosion to a presumed acceptable rate, called soil-loss tolerance. Earlier attempts to assess economic terms were made on the basis of reduction in soil erosion control should come first, as a prerequisite to other agricultural improvements. Recent research has changed this emphasis in several ways. It has been recognized that the effects of erosion are by no means limited to reduction in soil depth. Equally important are loss of nutrients, organic matter, and through the latter, deterioration in soil physical properties. This is leading towards integration between tow aspects of soil conservation: erosion control and maintenance of fertility. Both are necessary to achieve land use which is sustainable as well as productive.

C.K. M. The arrow poisons. Nairobi: E.A. Literature Bureau ; 1973.
Book Chapter
Njogu PM, Okombo J, Chibale K. "Designed Hybrid Compounds for Tropical Parasitic Diseases.". In: Design of Hybrid Molecules for Drug Development (First Edition). London: Elsevier; 2017.
Alsanius BW, A.H. K, CM O, L. M. "Produce quality and safety.". In: Rooftop Urban Agriculture. New York: Springer; 2017.
Ong’amo G, Khadioli N, LeRu B, Mujica N, Carhuapoma P. "African Pink stemborer, Sesamia calamistis (Hampson 1910).". In: Pest distribution and risk atlas for Africa. Potential global and regional distribution and abundance of agricultural and horticultural pests and associated biocontrol agents under current and future climates. Lima (Peru).: International Potato Center (CIP).; 2016.
Njogu PM, Chibale K. "Current and Future Strategies for Improving Drug Discovery Efficiency.". In: Attrition in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Reasons, Implications and Pathways Forward. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
Ong’amo G, Khadioli N, LeRu B, Mujica N, Carhuapoma P. "Maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca (Fuller 1901).". In: Pest distribution and risk atlas for Africa. Potential global and Regional distribution and abundance of agricultural and horticultural pests and associated biocontrol agents under current and future climates. Lima (Peru): International Potato Center (CIP).; 2016.
Ong’amo G, Khadioli N, LeRu B, Mujica N, Carhuapoma P. "Spotted stemborer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe 1885).". In: Pest distribution and risk atlas for Africa. Potential global and regional distribution and abundance of agricultural and horticultural pests and associated biocontrol agents under current and future climates. Lima (Peru). : International Potato Center (CIP). ; 2016.
Christiana Z. Peppard, Andrea Vicini SJ. "C.A. Mumma-Martinon.". In: Just Sustainability. New york: Orbis books , Maryknoll; 2015.1._towards_environmental_sustainability_-_ctewc.pdf
Kagira JM, Kanyari PN, Githigia SM, Maingi N, Chege N. "Efficacy of Neem and Pawpaw Products against Oesophagostomum Spp Infection in Pigs.". In: Anthelmintics: Clinical Pharmacology, Uses in Veterinary Medicine and Efficacy. New York: Nova Science Publishers; 2014.
Clet Wandui Masiga, Abdalla Mohamed, Sarah Osama, Abigail Ngugi, Dan Kiambi, Santie de Villiers, Ngugi K, Mugoya C, Rasha Ali. "Enhanced Utilization of Biotechnology Research and Development Innovations in Eastern and Central Africa for Agro-ecological Intensification.". In: Enhanced Utilization of BiotechnologyResearch and Development Innovationsin Eastern and Central Africafor Agro-ecological Intensification. Entebe: Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA); 2014.masiga_et_al_2014_enhanced_use_of_biotechnology_in_eca.pdf
M. DRGUANTAIERIC, Chibale K. "Natural product-based drug discovery in Africa: the need for integration into modern drug-discovery paradigms.". In: Drug Discovery in Africa. Springer: Germany. (Pp. 101-126). Springer: Germany; 2012.
Opere A, Olago D, Chidumayo E, Osman-Elasha B. "PROCESSUS ET IMPACT DU CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE.". In: FORETS, FAUNE SAUVAGE ET CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE EN AFRIQUE. Sweden: Traduit de l’Anglais par: New Alliance Publishers.; 2011. Abstractforets_faune_sauvage_et.pdf

me des déviations de la climatologie régionale déterminée par l'analyse desmesures à long terme, généralement surune période d'au moins 30 ans, ou aux conditions climatiques normalement vécues,
et un ensemble différent mais récurrent de conditions climatiques sur une région donnée du monde (IPCC, 1998). Le changement climatique peut également se référer à une altération du climat, survenue suite aux activités humaines (Wigley, 1999). Le changement climatique devrait se poursuivre au cours du 21ème siècle comme une conséquence de la tendance croissante des émissions de GES (IPCC, 2007a), stimulant trois principales réponses: les adaptations techniques et celles des moyens de subsistance par les communautés affectées, les mesures d'atténuation qui permettent de séquestrer les GES ou de réduire la dépendance aux combustibles fossiles, et le dialogue international formel sur la portée et la correction de cette menace émergente et désormais pressante pour l’humanité. Les scénarios de changement climatique pour l'Afrique comprennent des températures plus élevées sur tout le continent, estimées pour croître à un taux de 0,2°C par décennie (Elagib et Mansell, 2000) et des précipitations plus aléatoires avec une augmentation légère dans les éco-zones de l'Afrique orientale et éco-zones forestières humides de l'Afrique occidentale, puis des baisses durables de productivité dans le Sahel et dans les éco-zones du sud, du centre et du nord de l'Afrique (Stige et al., 2006). Cette projection est en partie renforcée par les changements dans les rythmes pluviométriques au cours des 60 dernières années, qui ont diminué de près de 30% (Sivakumar et al, 2005), avec les plus grands effets négatifs ressentis dans le Sahel et l’Afrique de l'Ouest (Nicholson et al, 2000; Hulme et al, 2001).

P. R, Schagen VB, Chakeredza S, Njoroge K, Kamau H, Baena M. "Teaching Biodiversity: A curriculum Guide for Higher Education.". In: Biodiversity International, Rome Italy.; 2011.
Mganga KZ, Musimba NKR, Nyangito MM, Nyariki DM, Francis J, Ekaya WN, Muiru WM, Clavel D, Verhagen J. "Technologie de réensemencement d'herbages graminacées comme moyen de réhabilitation des terres dégradées et d'amélioration des moyens de subsistance des communautés agro-pastorales dans la région semi-aride du Kenya."; 2011. Abstract

La dégradation du sol constitue un problème majeur dans les zones semi-arides d'Afrique subsaharienne. La lutte contre cette dégradation du sol est capitale pour garantir une productivité durable et à long terme des terres semi-arides habitées. Le Cenchrus ciliaris (vulpin des prés africains), l'Enteropogon macrostachyus (seigle sauvage) et l'Eragrostis superba (Eragrostis Maasai) sont d'importantes graminées vivaces dans les zones semi-arides d'Afrique de l'Est. Une étude a été faite pour évaluer la contribution de ces herbages graminacées indigènes à l'amélioration des propriétés hydrologiques du sol, la réhabilitation, la sécurité alimentaire et les moyens de subsistance des communautés agro-pastorales dans les districts semi-arides du Kenya. Les propriétés hydrologiques du sol ont été testées à l'aide d'un simulateur Kamphorst, à diverses hauteurs de chaume, pour donner une image de trois différentes intensités de pâturage (faible, moyenne, élevée). L'estimation de la couverture végétale s'est faite à l'aide de la méthode d'échantillonnage step-point. Une étude a également été réalisée dans 50 ménages agro-pastoraux pour évaluer les avantages multidimensionnels des herbages graminacées. La production de sédiments (comme fonction d'écoulement et capacité d'infiltration) était considérablement différente (P<0,05) à diverses hauteurs de chaume. Les estimations de la couverture végétale des herbages graminacées étaient également considérablement différentes (P<0,05). Le Cenchrus ciliaris avait le plus grand impact en matière d'amélioration des propriétés hydrologiques. L'Enteropogon macrostachyus et l'E. superba se classaient respectivement en deuxième et troisième positions. L'Enteropogon macrostachyus avait la plus grande couverture. Le Cenchrus ciliaris et l'E. superba se classaient respectivement en deuxième et troisième positions. Ces résultats étaient dus à la croissance et aux caractères morphologiques des herbages graminacées. En général, une augmentation de la hauteur de chaume augmente la capacité d'infiltration et réduit l'écoulement et la formation de sédiments. Les résultats de l'enquête réalisée auprès des ménages révèlent que les herbages graminacées constituent une source de revenus par le biais de la vente de foin, de graines de graminacées et de lait, ce qui participe également d'un régime équilibré. Les herbages graminacées constituent également une source bon marché de matériel pour la confection de toitures de chaume et d'aliments pour le bétail. (Résumé d'auteur)

Chege K, Ng’Ang’a W, Wagacha PW, Pauw GD, Mutiga J. "Morphological Analysis of Gikuyu using a Finite State Machine.". In: Proceedings of Conference on Human Language Technology for Development. Alexandria, Egypt: Bibliotheca Alexandrina; 2011:. Abstract
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Ngugi RW, Maana I, Amanja D, Adam CS, Collier P, Ndung’u N. "Capital market and economic growth in Kenya.". In: Kenya Policies for Prosperity. Oxford University Press; 2010.
O’Connell SA, Maturu BO, Mwega FM, Ndung’u N, Ngugi RW, Adam CS, Collier P. "Capital mobility, monetary policy and exchange rate management in Kenya.". In: Kenya Policies for Prosperity. Oxford University Press; 2010.
Cockburn J, KABUBO-MARIARA J. "Child Welfare in Developing Countries: An Introduction. Chapter 1 in Cockburn J. and J. Kabubo-Mariara (Eds.).ISBN 978-1-4419-6337-6.". In: Child Welfare in Developing countries. New York: Springer/PEP/IDRC; 2010.
Mwabu G, Adam C, Collier P, Ndung’u N. "Education for Prosperity: Improving Access and Quality.". In: Kenya: Policies for Prosperity. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2010.
Chandi JR, Atisa E. "Organisational Behaviour Model."; 2010.
eds. Christopher Adam, et al. "Securing Property Rights in Land in Kenya: Formal Versus Informal.". In: Kenya Policies For Prosperity. Oxford University Press; 2010.
C.A. Mumma- Martinon B. "Shared Waters Shared Opportunities. .". In: Hydro Politics In East Africa. Dar Es Salam Tanzania: French Institute For Research In Africa, Jesuit Hakimani Centre And Mkuki Na Nyota Publishers Ltd; 2010.6.shared_waters_shared_opportunities.pdf
Mwabu G, Carrin G. "The Demand for Health Care.". In: WHO Health Systems Policy, Finance and Organization. Academic Press; 2009.
Chung MH;, Drake AL;, Richardson BA;, Reddy A;, Thiga J;, Sakr SR;, Kiarie JN;, Yowakim P;, Stewart GJC. "Impact of Prior HAART Use on Clinical Outcomes in a Large Kenyan HIV Treatment Program."; 2009.
Onyatta JO, Chepkwony CK, Ongoma PO. "The Impact of Urban Activities on Heavy Metal Distribution and Bioavailability Index in Selected Tropical Urban Soils.". In: Molecular Environmental Soil Science at the Interfaces in the Earth's Critical Zone. GMbH : Springer-Verlag; 2009.abstract.pdf
F.N. Namu, J.M. Githaiga, E..N.Kioko, P. N. Ndegwa, C.L. Häuser. "Butterfly species composition and abundance in an old, middle-aged, and young secondary forests.". In: In: Kühne L. (Ed.), Butterflies and moths diversity of the Kakamega forest (Kenya), pp. 47-61. Brandenburg, Germany: Brandenburgische Universitätsdruckerei und Verlagsgesellschaft; 2008. Abstract

ABSTRACT: Several strategies are employed in management of insect pests. Among these, chemical control is a priority to most farming communities where pest incidences occur while other existing options such as biological control are rarely considered. In coffee farming agro ecosystems, there are indigenous biological control agents such as the predacious phytoseiid mites, Euseius kenyae (Swirski and Ragusa) that have the potential to manage secondary pests like coffee thrips, Diarthrothrips coffeae Williams. This study was conducted to assess the population dynamics of E. kenyae and D. coffeae as well as theirinteractions under coffee agro ecosystems where various soil fertilizer sources and selective insecticides were applied as treatments. The populations of both E. kenyae and D. coffeae fluctuated during the three years study period. The E. kenyae suppressed the population of D. coffeae under various treated coffee blocks. There was negative correlation between E. kenyae and D. coffeae in year 2006 and 2008 where the increasing population of E. kenyae decreased that of D. coffeae. In year 2007, positive correlation between E. kenyae and D. coffeae was observed in some of the treatments where increased population of D. coffeae caused an increased population of E. kenyae. Euseius kenyae managed to contain the D. coffeae population to below economical injury levels (1-2 thrips per leaf) during the three years under the various coffee agro ecosystems. The use of chlorpyrifos never affected E. kenyae. Their survival and increased in number under chlorpyrifos treated coffee blocks indicated the development of resistance by the population of E. kenyae, hence the possibility of using them as a component in an Integrated Pest Management strategy in coffee.

Nyamweru C, Kibet S, Pakia M, Cooke JA. "'Remnant Patches' or Dynamic Entities.". In: African Sacred Groves; Ecological dynamics and Social Change. Ohio; 2008.
C PROFANYAMBATOMTEBESI. "Spatial Transformations in Nairobi. A study of Nairobi’s Urban Process.". In: Diverse Informalities.; 2008.
Brauch HG, Grin J, Mesjasz C, Behera NC, Chourou B, Spring UO, Liotta PH, Kameri-Mbote P. "‘Water and food security in the River Nile Basin: The perspectives of governments and NGOS of upstream countries.". In: Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concept. Berlin – Heidelberg – New York – Hong Kong – London – Milan – Paris – Tokyo: Springer-Verlag; 2008.
J. BT, Miller SN, C.M. G, W. S. "Suitability of the Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment (AGWA) Tool in Hydrologic Response and Land Cover Change in River Njoro Watershed, Kenya .". In: Suitability of Geospactial Watershed Assessment.; 2007. Abstract

Rapid land cover changes occurring in the Rift Valley of Kenya are altering the hydrologic response of critical watersheds. Four Landsat scenes from the past 18 years were used to develop a land cover classification scheme for the Njoro River watershed. These data were input to the Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment (AGWA), a geographic information system (GIS) tool. AGWA was used to parameterize and run the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), a hydrologic model suitable for assessing land cover change impacts on hydrologic response. The automated parameterization routines in AGWA are designed for US soil and land cover data sets and require inputs for terrain, soil, land cover, climate and rainfall. Climate, soil and terrain data were built for the watershed using historical data and field work, and classified land cover data were created using supervised and unsupervised classification and verified in the field. Techniques and methods were created to transform Kenya data sets into suitable formats for AGWA. Preliminary findings indicate the suitability of this type of analysis for watershed assessment in Kenya; changes in landscape and land use are reflected in significant changes to simulated hydrologic results.

Key words: Land cover change, Watershed, GIS, Hydrologic response

Wagacha PW, Chege D. "Adaptive and Optimisation Predictive Text Entry for Short Message Service (SMS) .". In: Special topics in Computing and ICT research: Advances in Systems Modelling and ICT Applications. Kampala: Fountain publishers; 2006.
Neema S, Mkhize N, Kilonzo G, Hogan NM, Chikovore J, editor Ndetei, D.M. "Culture, Health and Illness."; 2006.
Ngare D, Obondo A, Neema S, Oladimeji BY, editor Ndetei, D.M., Chikovore J. "Health and Illness Behaviours."; 2006.
and Chemining’wa G.N., Njarui M.D.G. MGMJGJNS. "Response of green manure legumes to phosphorous application and rhizobial inoculation.". In: Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in East Africa; Development and Up-scaling of Greed Manure Legume Technologies in Kenya. Nairobi: Kenya Agricultural Research Institute.; 2006.
Nzioka C, C N. "“You will know these things when you are older”: The Challenge of imparting sexual Education in Kenyan Schools.". In: ReThinking Research and intervention Approaches that aim at preventing HIV infection among the Youth. Nairobi: The Regal Press Kenya Ltd ; 2006.
Carter JY, ole Kiu JMN. "Complicated pregnancy: Clinicians guide to Quality outpatient diagnosis.". In: Clinicians' guide to quality Outpatient diagnosis an manual for eastern Africa. Nairobi: AMREF; 2005.
Choksey PV, Gichuhi S. "Diabetes and the eye.". In: Clinical care guidelines for diabetes in Kenya. Nairobi: Ministry of Health, Kenya; 2005. Abstract

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Epidemiology, 615 North Wolfe Street, W5010, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. sgichuhi@jhsph.edu BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is a rare, slow-growing tumour of the eye, normally affecting elderly men around 70 years of age. In Africa, however, the disease is different. The incidence is rising rapidly, affecting young persons (around 35 years off age), and usually affecting women. It is more aggressive, with a mean history of three months at presentation. This pattern is related to the co-existence of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, high HPV exposure, and solar radiation in the region. Various interventions exist, but despite therapy, there is a high recurrence rate (up to 43%) and poor cosmetic results in late disease. This review was conducted to evaluate the interventions for treatment of conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in HIV-infected individuals. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of interventions for treating squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva in HIV-infected individuals on local control, recurrence, death, time to recurrence, and adverse events. SEARCH STRATEGY: Using a sensitive search strategy, we attempted to identify all relevant trials, regardless of language or publication status, from the following electronic databases; Medline/PubMed, CENTRAL, AIDSearch, EMBASE, LILACS, African Healthline, Cochrane HIV/AIDS Specialised Register, and the Cochrane Cancer Network Specialised Register. We searched the clinical trial register of the US National Institutes of Health, searched the international conference proceedings of AIDS and AIDS-related cancers, and contacted individual researchers, research organisations, and pharmaceutical companies that manufacture the drugs used as interventions. Searches were done between September 2005 and June 2006. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving HIV-infected individuals with ocular surface squamous neoplasia. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We independently screened the results of the search to select potentially relevant studies and to retrieve the full articles. We independently applied the inclusion criteria to the potentially relevant studies. No studies were identified that fulfilled the selection criteria. MAIN RESULTS: No RCTs of interventions currently used against conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma in HIV-infected individuals were identified. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Implications for practice:Current clinical practice in treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva rests on a weak evidence base of case series and case reports.Implications for research:Randomised controlled trials for treatment of this disease are needed in settings where it occurs most frequently. Preventive interventions also need to be identified. HIV/AIDS research has not focused on treatment of this tumour. PMID: 17443606 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Coughlin P, Jafta R, Ikiara M, DK M. "Globalization, technological imperatives, and labor relations in Mozambique: Comparisons with Kenya, Malaysia and South Africa.". In: Labor Relations in Mozambique: Law, Praxis & Economic Implications with International Comparisons. Maputo: EconPolicy Research Group, Ltd; 2005.
Mwega FM, Kaul I, Conceicao P. "International Cooperation Behind National Borders: Country Case Study on Kenya.". In: The Ne w Public Finance: Responding to Global Challenges.; 2005.
C N. "Kwale Report.". In: Challenges of Implementing Free Primary Education in Kenya: Experiences from the Districts. Nairobi: UNESCO; 2005.
Skandalakis L, Colborn G, Weidman T, Skandalakis J, Skandalakis P. "Skandalakis' {Surgical} {Anatomy}: {The} {Embryologic} {And} {Anatomic} {Basis} {Of} {Modern} {Surgery}.". In: {SKANDALAKIS}' {SURGICAL} {ANATOMY}: {The} {Embryologic} and {Anatomic} {Basis} of {Modern} {Surgery}. Athens, Greece: Paschalidis Medical Publications; 2004:. Abstract
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C. O. Mito, G. Laneve, and Castronuovo MM. "Derivation of land surface temperatures from MODIS data using general split-window technique.". In: Recent Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing,. Valencia: Servicio de Publicaciones. Universitat de Valencia; 2002.
C N. "„Research on Men and Its Implications for Policy and Programme Development in Reproductive Health.". In: Programming for Male Involvement in Reproductive Health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2002.
C N. "Emerging infectious diseases with reference to HIV/AIDS.". In: East Africa in Transition: Communities, Cultures and Change. Nairobi: Nairobi: Acton Publishers; 2001.
McAvaney BJ, C. Covey, S. Joussaume, V. Kattsov, A. Kitoh, W. Ogana, A.J. Pitman, A.J. Weaver, R.A. Wood, Zhao Z-C. "Model evaluation.". In: Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Houghton, J.T., Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P.J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell and C.A. J. England: Cambridge University Press; 2001.
C N. "Obstacles to Managing the Dual risks of Unwanted Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Infections among Young Males in Kenya.". In: The Health and Development of African Male Adolescents and Young Men. Geneva: WHO/UNAIDS; 2001.
C N. "Human Resource Development in Makueni District, Kenya 1989 - 1999.". In: Policy Requirements for farmer investment in semi-arid Africa: Makueni District Profile. Crewkerne, UK: Drylands Research; 2000.
Peichl L, Sandmann D, Boycott BB. "Comparative {Anatomy} and {Function} of {Mammalian} {Horizontal} {Cells}." In: Chalupa LM, Finlay BL, eds. Development and {Organization} of the {Retina}. Springer US; 1998:. {NATO} {ASI} {Series}. Abstract

Near the end of his life Ramón y Cajal (1933) summarized aspects of his view of the retina and, under the section heading “The paradox of vertebrate retinal horizontal cells” admitted defeat in understanding their role in visual processing. By then, horizontal cells had been identified and studied anatomically for more than six decades; today, six decades later, they are still amongst the most enigmatic neurons (historical reviews, e.g., Wässle et al., 1978a; Gallego, 1986; Piccolino, 1986, 1988). Numerous studies, using an ever-increasing arsenal of methods, have modified some of Cajal’s observations and added many new ones. For technical reasons, there has been a concentration on horizontal cell physiology and cellular biology in non-mammalian vertebrate retinae (reviewed in Dowling, 1987; Djamgoz et al., 1995; Kamermans & Spekreijse, 1995), and the results have been generalized to deduce mammalian horizontal cell function. Most recently, however, an increasing number of studies are examining mammalian horizontal cells with physiological and immunocytochemical approaches; and comparative anatomical studies are demonstrating previously unsuspected differences between species. More specific questions can now be asked although, as yet, answers are still scant. This review summarizes some earlier views of mammalian horizontal cell morphology and connectivity, then focuses on how some of the newer findings have modified the issues, and tries to suggest where answers may be sought.

Peichl L, Sandmann D, Boycott BB. "Comparative {Anatomy} and {Function} of {Mammalian} {Horizontal} {Cells}." In: Chalupa LM, Finlay BL, eds. Development and {Organization} of the {Retina}. Springer US; 1998:. {NATO} {ASI} {Series}. Abstract

Near the end of his life Ramón y Cajal (1933) summarized aspects of his view of the retina and, under the section heading “The paradox of vertebrate retinal horizontal cells” admitted defeat in understanding their role in visual processing. By then, horizontal cells had been identified and studied anatomically for more than six decades; today, six decades later, they are still amongst the most enigmatic neurons (historical reviews, e.g., Wässle et al., 1978a; Gallego, 1986; Piccolino, 1986, 1988). Numerous studies, using an ever-increasing arsenal of methods, have modified some of Cajal’s observations and added many new ones. For technical reasons, there has been a concentration on horizontal cell physiology and cellular biology in non-mammalian vertebrate retinae (reviewed in Dowling, 1987; Djamgoz et al., 1995; Kamermans & Spekreijse, 1995), and the results have been generalized to deduce mammalian horizontal cell function. Most recently, however, an increasing number of studies are examining mammalian horizontal cells with physiological and immunocytochemical approaches; and comparative anatomical studies are demonstrating previously unsuspected differences between species. More specific questions can now be asked although, as yet, answers are still scant. This review summarizes some earlier views of mammalian horizontal cell morphology and connectivity, then focuses on how some of the newer findings have modified the issues, and tries to suggest where answers may be sought.

J B, B N, O G, E N, C N. "Analysis and evaluation of poverty in Kenya.". In: Poverty Revisited: Analysis and Strategies towards Poverty Eradication in Kenya. Nairobi: Ruaraka Printing Press; 1998.
Hassan R, Corbett J, Njoroge K. "Maize Technology Development and Transfer: A GIS application for research planning in Kenya (Chapter 4) (Chapter 4). .". In: ). Combining geo-referenced survey data with agro-climate attributes to characterize maize production systems in Kenya. In: R.M. Hassan (Ed). CAB International, Oxford and New York:; 1998.
Mutiso SK, Obara DA, Muchunga EK, Nyangena W, Chege AM, Munene FM. "Socio - Economic and Land Use Indicators.". In: National Land Degradation Assessment and Mapping in Kenya.; 1997.
C PROFANYAMBATOMTEBESI, Adebayo AA. "Traditional Architecture; Settlement Evolution and Built Form.". In: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation. Nairobi; 1995.
C N. "AIDS control policies in Kenya: a crit ical perspect ive on prevent ion.". In: AIDS: Foundations for the future. London: Taylor and Francis Publishers; 1994.
Plummer F, Chubb H, Simonsen JN, Bosire M, Slaney L, Nagelkerke NJ, Maclean I, Ndinya-Achola JO, Waiyaki P, Brunham RC. "Antibodies to opacity proteins (Opa) correlate with a reduced risk of gonococcal salpingitis."; 1994. Abstract

Acute salpingitis complicating cervical gonococcal infection is a significant cause of infertility. Relatively little data are available concerning the pathophysiologic mechanisms of this disease. A cohort of 243 prostitutes residing in Nairobi were followed between March 1985 and April 1988. Gonococcal cultures were performed at each visit, and acute salpingitis was diagnosed clinically. Serum at enrollment was tested by immunoblot for antibody to gonococcal outer membrane proteins. 8.6% (146/1689) of gonococcal infections were complicated by salpingitis. Increased risk of salpingitis was associated with younger age, shorter duration of prostitution, HIV infection, number of gonococcal infections, and episodes of nongonococcal salpingitis. Rmp antibody increased the risk of salpingitis. Antibody to Opa decreased the risk of salpingitis. By logistic regression analysis, antibody to Opa was independently associated with decreased risk of gonococcal salpingitis (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.35; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 0.17-0.76); HIV infection (adjusted OR, 3.5; 95% CI, 0.96-12.8) and episodes of nongonococcal salpingitis (adjusted OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.8-6.4) were independently associated with an increased risk of salpingitis. Antibody to Opa appears to protect against ascending gonococcal infection, perhaps by interfering with Opa mediated adherence and endocytosis. The demonstration of natural immunity that protects against upper genital tract infection in women suggests that a vaccine to prevent gonococcal salpingitis is possible.

Mwega FM, Seck D, Chhibber A, Fischer S. "Comments on Financial Sector Policy.". In: Economic Re form in Sub - Saharan Africa .; 1991.
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Classical
Conference Paper
CLAUDIO MRACHOLA. "Algebra 1 and 11 (O.D.L Lecture Notes).". In: E.A.E.P. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; Submitted.
CLAUDIO MRACHOLA. "Misingi Ya Hisabati1,2,3.". In: E.A.E.P. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; Submitted.
CLAUDIO MRACHOLA. "Peak Revision Mathematics.". In: E.A.E.P. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; Submitted.
CLAUDIO MRACHOLA. "Success Primary Mathematics Guides1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8.E.A.E.P.". In: Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nairobi. Unpub. M.Sc.Thesis. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; Submitted.
CLAUDIO MRACHOLA. "Success Primary Mathematics1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 E.AE.P.". In: E.A.E.P. Journal of British Ceramic Transactions, 99 [5], 206-211.; Submitted.
Chepkonga S. "Administrative Strategies for Using Social Media in Higher Education Institutions in Kenya.". In: International Conference on Research and Innovation in Education University of Nairobi.; 2019.
Kante M, Chepken C, Oboko R. "Methods for translating ICTs’ survey questionnaire into French and Bambara.". In: Egerton University, 11th international conference. Njoro, Kenya; 2017. Abstract

Researchers have used many instruments to gather data on the use of Information and
Communication Technology to disseminate information on agricultural inputs towards farmers.
These instruments are in English and based on some theories. The Technology Acceptance Model
(TAM), the Diffusion of Innovation Theory (DOI) and the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of
Technology (UTAUT) are the three most popular contemporary technology acceptance models. For
other speaking languages especially French and Bambara, there is a need to translate. The increasing
need for non-English data collection instruments and other survey materials has clearly given recent
figures. Despite the availability of tools for translation, the DOI’s instrument has been barely
translated into French and Bambara. In this paper, we used an adaptation method to translate the
DOI’s instrument into French and Bambara. We produced a method for translating English survey
questionnaire into French and Bambara. The method specifies and describes five steps, which are
prepare, translate, pretest, revise and document.
Keywords: ICT, Agriculture, Translation, French, Bambara

Luciani R, Laneve G, Jahjah M, Collins M. "Crop species classification: A phenology based approach.". In: 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). IEEE; 2017:. Abstract
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Luciani R, Laneve G, Jahjah M, Collins M. "Crop species classification: A phenology based approach.". In: 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). IEEE; 2017:. Abstract
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Mwinzi JM, Chepkoech S. "The Essential Strategies of Empowering the Youth as an Enterprise of Enhancing National Harmony and Social Cohesion in Kenya.". In: Commonwealth Association of Universities and Polytechnics in Africa. Mombasa; 2016.
Chepkoech S, Mwinzi DJM. "The Extent to which Enhancement of ICT in Public Technical and Vocational Education and Training Institutions in Kenya has Accelerated Skill Development.". In: Commonwealth Association of Universities and Polytechnics in Africa. Mombasa; 2016.edf_publications_1.pdf
Yarmoshuk AN, Gauntai A, Mwangu M, Cole D, Zarowsky C. "Resilient and responsive Global Health partnerships of East African universities in a changing world.". In: Fourth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research.; 2016.resilient_and_responsive_global_health_partnerships_of_east_african.pdf
Kotikot T, Ndalamia J, OGUTU H, B Nyaoke, MW MUREITHI, Farah B, C Perciani, Mac Donald K, Anzala O, Jaoko W. " Reproductive Tract Infections Among Low Risk Women Attending KAVI-VZV 001 Study in Nairobi, Kenya. AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES ."; 2016.
B Nyaoke, C Perciani, Mureithi MW, MacD KS, Jaoko WO. "Feasibility of Mucosal Sampling in Low-risk Women in HIV/AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials."; 2016.
obanda BA, Cook A, Fevre E, Wang S, Bebora L, Mwituria JM, Ng'etich R, Okoth W, Nafula C, Ogara W, Thaiyah AG, Kariuki S, Gabreyes WA. "Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in abattoir workers and livestock from western Kenya.". In: ICOPHAI. Thailand; 2015.
J.K.Muthee, D.W. Gakuya, J.M. Mbaria, C.M.Mulei. "Phytochemistry and cytotoxicity of plants used as anthelmintics in Loitoktok sub-county,Kenya.". In: Kenya Veterinary Association 49th Annual Scientific Conference. Hotel Itoya, Busia county,Kenya ; 2015.
Chern M-J, Ernest O, Horng TL. "On the Efficacy of the Direct Forcing Immersed Boundary Method as Observed in Fluid Structure Interaction.". In: First Association of Computational Mechanics Taiwan Conference. Taipei; 2015.
CS I, JO M, P K, K M, M M, EK G, A S,, Owino B WMOGOWT. "Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Health Care Workers on Corticosteroid Adverse Drug Events in Rheumatologic, Respiratory and Dermatologic Clinics in a Teaching Hospital in Nairobi.". In: Oral Abstract 7th African League of Associations for Rheumatology (AFLAR) Congress. . Lagos, Nigeria. ; 2015.
Ndiritu A, Chandi R, RUGENDO CAROLINE. "Balancing work and study: A necessity for successful Distance Learning.". In: 2nd AFRICE International Conference .; 2015. Abstract

ABSTRACT
As the country re- evaluates the achievement of Millennium goals, it becomes important for Kenya to take its toll. One of the intentions was to increase gross enrolment rate in higher education. The projection was to increase the number of students joining the universities to 450,000 by end of 2015 from 130,000 in 2008. This number was to be increased through expansion of courses done through distance education. The targeted population was of those already in employment. This group has to be able to balance the demands of their workplace and their social demands for the back to school agenda to be achieved. The university of Nairobi school of continuing and distance education runs a course in distance education. However It has been noted that among the students who sit for university exams, many do not score 40% which is a minimum score for students to progress to the next level. The failure rate goes up to 63% with 27% out of 38% cases scoring below 40%, which is a very high failure rate. This failure rate prohibits students from graduating. it is worth finding out the cause of this failure rate. This study was carried out to find out if distance learners had a problem managing their time given the demands of the same among competing ends. An effort was also made to find out if this problem had an effect on their academic performance. From a total number of 4500 of students from the University of Nairobi in different levels of their B.Ed degrees, a sample of 650 students were selected using stratified random sampling technique .Data was collected using a mixed mode method and analyzed using Pearson correlations. The findings indicated a strong relationship between time management and academic performance (r=0.569)
Key words : work study balance, distance education, time management, Academic performance

Charles W. "Influence of Repetition on Academic Performance of pupils: A Case of Primary Schools in Turbo Division, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya.". In: Africa for Research in Comparative Education (AFRICE). UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, KENYA SCIENCE CAMPUS; 2015.abstract_2.doc
Chalo C, Lukhoba CW, Dossaji SF, Nguta JM. "Evaluation of Antimicrobial activity, Toxicity and Phytochemical composition of selected medicinal plants of Losho, Narok county, Kenya.". In: Nairobi Innovation week. university of nairobi; 2015. Abstract

In Kenya, microbial infections remain a threat to millions of lives of those individuals

Antibiotic effectiveness is threatened by increasing resistance of pathogenic microbes against most available drugs as new pathogens continue to emerge.

•Plants are a possible source of antimicrobial agents and could lead to the isolation of new and potentially effective antimicrobial compounds.

However for majority of herbal drugs, information on the efficacy, dosage safety and active principles is not well documented.

Antimicrobial activity, toxicity and phytochemical analysis of 4 most commonly used medicinal plants for treatment of ear, nose and throat infections (ENT), gastrointestinal disorders and skin ailments namely, Schrebera alata (Bark), Omorcarpum kirkii (Aerial part) ,Cussonia holstii (Bark)& Helichrysum forskahlii (Whole plant) was carried out .

Charles W. "Factors Influencing Implementation of Major Infrastructure Projects in Kenya: A Case of the Southern By-Pass Road Project, Kenya.". In: African International Business and Management (AIBUMA). UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI, SCHOOL OF BUSINESS; 2015.abstract.doc
CF Otieno CSIGOO, Genga EK, Otieno FO, Ilovi CS, Ilovi CS. "CF Otieno CF Otieno Clinical profiles of patients with osteoporosis in Nairobi."; 2015. Abstract

Background: Osteoporosis, a chronic, progressive disease of multifactorial aetiology and one of the most common metabolic bone diseases worldwide. Despite ample sunshine, the Middle East and Africa register the highest rates of rickets worldwide. Low levels of vitamin D are prevalent throughout the region. There is a paucity of data on osteoporosis in Africa as it’s generally thought not to affect the non Caucasian population. We sought to describe the population with osteoporosis in a Nairobi rheumatology clinic. Objective : This study sets out to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with osteoporosis seen at a rheumatology clinic in Nairobi. Methods : This was a cross-sectional study done on patients with the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of osteoporosis of a T-score of –2.5 on bone mineral density scan. The study site was a rheumatology clinic in Nairobi. The study variables were age, sex, clinical presentation and selected comorbidities. Results : Fifty six patients with a WHO definition of osteoporosis were recruited. The age distribution was 31- 95 years with a mean age of 63.95 years with the most affected being above the age of 60 years at 71.5%. Majority were female (89.3%), with the main presenting complaints as polyarthralgia (30.4%) followed by lower back pain (19.6%) and pathological fractures (12.5%). The most common comorbidity being rheumatoid arthritis (39.3%) followed by steroids therapy (25%). Others included osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, systemic lupus erythromatosus and diabetes. Seven study participants had history of fracture with lumbar leading at 42.8%. None of the study participants were smokers. The number of patients on calcium supplements was at 71.4% and bisphosphonates was low at 21.4%. Conclusion: The findings of this study from age to comorbidities on osteoporosis are in keeping with literature. The presence of fibromyalgia as a comorbidity was an interesting finding. The number of patients on bisphosphonates was low which differed from Western literature. Stratification of patients at risk should be done so that active screening and prompt early management for osteoporosis can be instituted. Attempts should be to offer cheaper bisphosphonates so that the affected can benefit from the drugs

JO M, R W, J W, R O, C K, J M, E M. "Establishing adolescent friendly services and use of adolescent package of care to improve outcome of ALHIV at a rural health center.". In: 10th Annual HIV Prevention, Care & Treatment Consultative Forum, . Nairobi, Kenya; 2015.
Cook J, Kimuyu P, Blum AG, Gatua J. "A Simple Stated Preference Tool for Estimating the Value of Travel Time in Rural Africa.". In: EFD Discussion Paper No. EfD DP 15 -08.; 2015.
Olago D, van der Lubbe HJL, Sier MJ, Feibel CS, Beck C, Dupont-Nivet G, Vonhof H, Joordens JJ, Cohen A, Prins M. "Sr isotope stratigraphy and lithogenic grain-size distributions of the Pleistocene Turkana Basin, Kenya."; 2015.
J.K.Muthee, D.W. Gakuya, J.M. Mbaria, C.M.Mulei, J.M.Mugambi, J.C.Nganga. "Evaluation of anthelmintic efficacy of selected medicinal plants traditionally used in Loitoktok, Kenya.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
D.W. Gakuya, Okoth MO, J.Muraya, C.J.Nganga, J.K.Muthee. "An outbreak of acute helminthosis in a sheep and goat farm in Machakos County.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.an__outbreak_of__acute_helminthosis__in__a_sheep_and_goat__farm__in_machakos_county.pdf
D.W. Gakuya, T.O.Abuom, C.Onyango, L.K.Cheruiyot. "Use of sodium hypochlorite (jik) in the management of dermatophytosis (ringworm) in a dairy cattle farm in Kiambu County.". In: 9th Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biennial Scientific conference and Exhibition. PHPT Auditorium,CAVS,University of Nairobi; 2014.
Odhiambo E, Chern M-J. "Numerical Assessment Of Three Flexibly Mounted Rota ry Wave Energy Converters With A Two Degree Of Freedom Constraint.". In: 2nd Asian Wave and Tidal Energy Conference. Tokyo, Japan; 2014.
Chege S, Kamucha G. "Design and Implementation of a Low Cost High Bandwidth Sampling Bridge.". In: Moi University 10th Annual International Conference, Symposium IV . Eldoret, Kenya; 2014.
O.Koteng D, Chen C-T. "Development of High-Strengths Lime-Pozzolana Pastes.". In: The second international Conference on chemically-activated materials (CAM'2010).; 2014.koteng.pdf
Magutu PO, Chirchir MK, Mulama OA. "The Effect of Logistics Outsourcing Practices on the Performance of Large Manufacturing Firms in Nairobi, Kenya.". In: ORSEA.; 2013. Abstractthe_effect_of_logistics_outsourcing_practices_on_the_perform.pdf

Abstract. Outsourcing of services has become a common practice among large manufacturing firms worldwide and this is due to the various benefits that accrue to a firm as a result of outsourcing. Contracting out production of goods and services to a firm with competitive advantages in terms of reliability, quality and cost was found out to be the main driver of outsourcing. However the various studies covered have not extensively delved into logistics outsourcing practices in relation to the performance of large scale manufacturing firms. As a result, this study explored outsourcing practices viz a viz the performance of large manufacturing firms Nairobi, Kenya. The population of the study in this research was all the large scale manufacturing companies that are based in Nairobi. Stratified random sampling method was applied to come up with the sample size, since the population in different large manufacturing firms is considered heterogeneous, implying that a simple random sample would have been unrepresentative. The response rate was 83%. The results established that the firms were outsourcing transportation management, warehouse management and material handling management. The firms opted to outsource their services due to its advantages and its possible influence on organizational performance, as it enables the firms to focus on its core competencies. The outsourcing practices adopted by the large manufacturing firms will in the long run determine their survival as they would seek to reduce operating costs, improved customer satisfaction and timely delivery of services to clients which in turn increase productivity and reduce lead time and improved profits. The study confined itself to large manufacturing firms in Nairobi and the findings may not be applicable in other sectors as a result of uniqueness of the manufacturing firms. It is therefore recommended that the study is replicated in other service sectors to establish the logistics outsourcing services and performance.

Magutu PO, Chirchir MK, Mulama OA. "The Effect of Logistics Outsourcing Practices on the Performance of Large Manufacturing Firms in Nairobi, Kenya.". In: ORSEA. Uganda; 2013. Abstractthe_effect_of_logistics_outsourcing_practices_on_the_perform.pdf

Abstract. Outsourcing of services has become a common practice among large manufacturing firms worldwide and this is due to the various benefits that accrue to a firm as a result of outsourcing. Contracting out production of goods and services to a firm with competitive advantages in terms of reliability, quality and cost was found out to be the main driver of outsourcing. However the various studies covered have not extensively delved into logistics outsourcing practices in relation to the performance of large scale manufacturing firms. As a result, this study explored outsourcing practices viz a viz the performance of large manufacturing firms Nairobi, Kenya. The population of the study in this research was all the large scale manufacturing companies that are based in Nairobi. Stratified random sampling method was applied to come up with the sample size, since the population in different large manufacturing firms is considered heterogeneous, implying that a simple random sample would have been unrepresentative. The response rate was 83%. The results established that the firms were outsourcing transportation management, warehouse management and material handling management. The firms opted to outsource their services due to its advantages and its possible influence on organizational performance, as it enables the firms to focus on its core competencies. The outsourcing practices adopted by the large manufacturing firms will in the long run determine their survival as they would seek to reduce operating costs, improved customer satisfaction and timely delivery of services to clients which in turn increase productivity and reduce lead time and improved profits. The study confined itself to large manufacturing firms in Nairobi and the findings may not be applicable in other sectors as a result of uniqueness of the manufacturing firms. It is therefore recommended that the study is replicated in other service sectors to establish the logistics outsourcing services and performance.

ODERA BO, Cornish LA, Papo MJ, Rading GO. "A preliminary study of higher order platinum-based alloys for high temperature applications.". In: Proceedings of Precious Metals 2013 Conference, the Precious Metals Development Network, Advanced Metals Initiative. Southern Africa Institute of Mining and Metallurgy; 2013.
Nzunza R, Wurapa E, Kariuki N, Chek J, Ongus J, Bulimo W. "Epidemiological and clinical description of human metapneumovirus infectious diseases in Mbagathi District Hospital, Kenya, in 2008.". In: Options for the Control of Influenza VIII. Cape Town, South Africa; 2013:. Abstract

Background: Human metapneumovirus (hMPV), a recently identified respiratory virus, is a leading cause of acute respiratory tract infection in children, the elderly, and immune-compromised persons. Studies have been done in a hospitalized pediatric population in coastal Kenya. However, there is limited information about the prevalence, epidemiology, and clinical presentation of hMPV infections in the general population. The aim of this study was to outline the epidemiologic and clinical description of human metapneumovirus infectious disease in patients attending the outpatient department of Mbagathi District Hospital, Kenya, in 2008. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted from 2008 in patients ≥ 2 months of age presenting at the outpatient department of Mbagathi District Hospital for acute respiratory infection. Nasopharyngeal swabs were systematically tested for several respiratory viruses. Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of hMPV-infected children were compared with those of patients with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and other viral infections. Results: A total of 498 patients were enrolled in this study. Viral investigations detected a total of 271 viruses. Of these, 77 (15.5%) were hMPV infections, 78 (15.7%) seasonal flu A, 60 (12%) seasonal flu B, 13 (2.6%) panenterovirus, 36 (7.2%) parainfluenza viruses, and 6 (1.2%) RSV infections. Human metapneumovirus infections were higher in males (43, 55%) than in females (34, 45%), and predominantly in children ≤ 5 years (97%), only 2 (3%) were aged between 6 and 9 years. The hMPV infection had peaked in January-February, and was uncommon after March. Most of the patients infected with hMPV were < 1 year of age, and cough (100%) and difficulty in breathing (75%) were the predominant diagnosis in these patients with clinical symptoms of a lower respiratory tract infection. The severity of the disease was similar to those of RSV patients. Conclusions: These results highlight that hMPV plays an important role in seasonal acute respiratory tract infections, especially in children, with a severity similar to RSV infections. This work is ongoing to cover the wider Kenyan population.

L N, K K, Gallie B, Chan H, Dimaras H. "Kenya National Retinoblastoma Strategy: A model for developing countries.". In: Canadian Cancer and Research Conference. sheraton Hotel, Toronto, Canada; 2013.njambi_et_al_kenya_retinoblastoma_strategy-_a_model_for_developing_countries.pdf
DC K, HW C, C BL, Maingi N, Nyaga P N, Njagi L W. "Effect of parasite control on Newcastle disease vaccination response in free-ranged family chicken in Eastern province, Kenya.". In: 47th Kenya Veterinary Association (KVA) annual Scientific conference. Mombasa; 2013.abstract_-_kemboi_et_al.pdf
Chege HW, D.C.Kemboi, Bebora LC, Maingi N, Mbuthia PG, Njagi LW. "Efficacy of piperazine citrate, levamisole hydrochloride and albendazole in the treatment of chickens naturally infected with gastrointestinal helminths.". In: 47th Kenya Veterinary Association (KVA) annual Scientific conference . Mombasa; 2013.abstract_-_chege_et_al.pdf
Lally R, Moreira AS, Germaine K, Galbally P, Culhain J, Otieno N, Brazil D, Ryan D, Dowling D. "Development of endophytic bacterial inoculants possessing plant growth promotion traits for practical application in bio-energy plant species.". In: Association of Applied Biologists (AAB) Conference 2013 - Positive plant microbial interactions: their role in maintaining sustainable agricultural and natural ecosystems. Forest Pines Hotel, Brigg, North Linconshire, U.K; 2013. Abstract

Endophytes are bacteria present in plants that form a symbiotic relationship with
their hosts and may promote plant growth and health (Ryan et al., 2008). We extracted
Pseudomonas endophytes from Miscanthus × giganteus; a series of strains were selected
for application to two oilseed rape (OSR) trials. Endophytes colonise plants (including
the root-surface) and allow the plant to utilise nutrients present in the rhizosphere. This
potentially provides a yield boost for colonised plants, allowing for efficient fertiliser
strategies and improved yield performance (Redondo-Nieto et al., 2013). This study has
provided evidence that the application of specialised live microbial biofertilisers can
enhance aspects of crop development when applied in the field. The results show that
there was a significant increase in crop stem and leaf of “Compass” a variety of Oilseed
rape. The results did not indicate that there was a significant increase within the overall
yield of the crop.

Otieno NA, Culhane J, Germaine K, Brazil D, Ryan D, Dowling DN. "Screening of large collections of plant associated bacteria for effective plant growth promotion and colonisation.". In: Positive Plant Microbial Interactions: Their role in maintaining sustainable and natural ecosystems. Forest Pines Hotel, nr Brigg, orth Lincolnshire, UK; 2013. Abstract

The use of potent and effective live microbial biofertilisers in agricultural has significant
potential to reduce the costs of crop production and in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions
and water pollution associated with excessive fertiliser use. Many plant associated
bacteria possess plant growth promotion traits. However, when used as plant inoculants
these bacteria often do not result in statistically significant plant growth promotion. This
paper describes the screening process used to identify a number of endophytic strains
with multiple plant growth promotion traits and effective plant colonisation ability in
Brassica napus crops.

Chern M-J, Kuan Y-H, Giri N, Horng T-L, Odhiambo E. "Direct forcing immersed boundary simulation for lock-in phenomena and assessment for renewable energy.". In: The 12th International Conference on Fluid Control, Measurements, and Visualization. Nara, Japan; 2013.
Mwai OA;, Chang-Yeon; C, Dessie, T; Mamo Y. "Country Domestic Animal Genetic Resource Information system (C-DAGRIS)."; 2013.
Ndiritu A, RUGENDO CAROLINE, Chandi J, Keiyoro P, Mbwesa J. "The effect of Reading skills on academic performance of Distance learners: A case of the University of Nairobi Distance Learners."; 2013. Abstract

Vision 2030 reveals the magnitude of wastage in the transition from secondary to University Education. It notes that secondary school enrolment has risen from 112,229 in the 2006/2007 academic year to 118,239 in 2007/2008 academic year; the passage to university is at 3 percent. To raise the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of university students from the present 3 per cent to the projected 15 per cent, the government must continue increasing the number of students joining higher education from 130,000 (2008) to 450,000 (2015). This can be done by expanding the capacities of existing universities through establishment of new courses in Distance Education. The university of Nairobi school of continuing and distance education runs a course in distance education. It has been observed that many students fail to score a total of 40% in a given course and they re-sit the failed units. The failure rate goes up to 63% with 27% out of 38% cases, which is a very high failure rate. High failure rate and the ever increasing time taken to graduate is a chronic problem in Distance learning. One of the reasons why there could be poor performance is lack of quality time in reading. It is therefore worth knowing how efficiency in distance learning can be enhanced. To find out the effect of reading skills on academic performance a study was carried out. A total number of 650 students were selected using stratified random sampling technique. This sample was taken from 4,500 University of Nairobi students who were registered for B.Ed degree in different levels of study in the school of continuing and distance Education. A mixed mode method approach was used in data collection. Correlational research design was employed in data analysis. Pearson correlations were used to establish if there was a relationship between reading skills and academic performance. The analysis indicated a strong relationship between reading skills and academic [r= 0.569]. The value of r2 =0.324, indicated that reading skills accounts for about 32.4% of the variation in average performance.
Key words reading skills:, Distance Learning

Ndiritu A, Chandi J, Kidombo H, Keiyoro P, Mbwesa J. "THE EFFECT OF TIME MANAGEMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF DISTANCE LEARNERS: A CASE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI DISTANCE LEARNERS."; 2013. Abstract

Vision 2030 reveals the magnitude of wastage in the transition from secondary to University Education. It notes that secondary school enrolment has risen from 112,229 in the 2006/2007 academic year to 118,239 in 2007/2008 academic year; the passage to university is at 3 percent. To raise the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of university students from the present 3 per cent to the projected 15 per cent, the government must continue increasing the number of students joining higher education from 130,000 (2008) to 450,000 (2015). This can be done by expanding the capacities of existing universities through establishment of new courses in Distance Education. The University of Nairobi’s School of Continuing and Distance Education runs a course in distance education. It has been observed that many students fail to score a total of 40% in a given course and they re-sit the failed units. The failure rate goes up to 63% with 27% out of 38% cases, which is a very high failure rate. High failure rate and the ever increasing time taken to graduate is a chronic problem in Distance learning. One of the reasons why there could be poor performance is lack of quality time in reading. It is therefore worth knowing how efficiency in distance learning can be enhanced. To find out the effect of time management of academic performance a study was carried out. A total number of 650 students were selected using stratified random sampling technique. This sample was taken from 4,500 University of Nairobi students who were registered for B.Ed degree in different levels of study in the school of continuing and distance Education. A mixed mode method approach was used in data collection. Correlational research design was employed in data analysis. Pearson correlations were used to establish if there was a relationship between time management and academic performance. The analysis indicated a strong relationship between time management and academic [r= 0.569]. The value of r2 =0.324, indicated that time management accounts for about 32.4% of the variation in average performance.
Key words: Time management, Distance Learning

Chandi J, Ndiritu A, Kidombo H, Mbwesa J, Keiyoro P. "The effect of time management on academic performance of Distance learners: A case of the University of Nairobi Distance Learners.".; 2013. Abstract

Vision 2030 reveals the magnitude of wastage in the transition from secondary to University Education. It notes that secondary school enrolment has risen from 112,229 in the 2006/2007 academic year to 118,239 in 2007/2008 academic year; the passage to university is at 3 percent. To raise the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of university students from the present 3 per cent to the projected 15 per cent, the government must continue increasing the number of students joining higher education from 130,000 (2008) to 450,000 (2015). This can be done by expanding the capacities of existing universities through establishment of new courses in Distance Education. The university of Nairobi school of continuing and distance education runs a course in distance education. It has been observed that many students fail to score a total of 40% in a given course and they re-sit the failed units. The failure rate goes up to 63% with 27% out of 38% cases, which is a very high failure rate. High failure rate and the ever increasing time taken to graduate is a chronic problem in Distance learning. One of the reasons why there could be poor performance is lack of quality time in reading. It is therefore worth knowing how efficiency in distance learning can be enhanced. To find out the effect of time management of academic performance a study was carried out. A total number of 650 students were selected using stratified random sampling technique. This sample was taken from 4,500 University of Nairobi students who were registered for B.Ed degree in different levels of study in the school of continuing and distance Education. A mixed mode method approach was used in data collection. Correlational research design was employed in data analysis. Pearson correlations were used to establish if there was a relationship between time management and academic performance. The analysis indicated a strong relationship between time management and academic [r= 0.569]. The value of r2 =0.324, indicated that time management accounts for about 32.4% of the variation in average performance.
Key words: Time management, Distance Learning

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