Prof. E. W. Wahome CV

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Coombes, AE, Hughes L, Karega-Munene, Wahome EW.  2016.  Heritage, making peace, history, identity and memory in contemporary Kenya. Awaaz. 46(1):46-49.


  2015.  Benchmarking heritage conservation practices in Kenya and Korea. The Nairobi Journal of Literature. 8:23-36.


W., WE.  2014.  Cultural Adaptations and Change in Tana River County: The role of traditional conflict management strategies. Tana River Counter Sustainable Resource Utilization and Environmental Management. , Nairobi: Nema


  2013.  Loss of Material Heritage in Kenya. International Journal of Arts and Commerce . 2(9):77-92.
Wahome, EW.  2013.  Ceramic Style and History: An Inter-regional Assessment. Mizizi: A collection of Essays on Kenya's History. , Nairobi : University of Nairobi Press Abstract

Ceramic Style and History: An interregional Assessment
In this Chapter, an attempt is made to correlate ceramic change with historical transformation through an analysis of ceramics from selected sites in Central Kenya, North Cameroon and Southern Pacific where Recent Ceramics have shown a sudden stylistic discontinuity from the pre-existing ceramic traditions. The term Recent Ceramics is used here to denote those potteries which seem to appear in all the areas under investigation when the core traditions came to their demise in one way or another. They also encompass potteries that have been described as ethnographic, a term which I consider inappropriate for ceramic technology. These potteries appear around 400 years ago in some areas like Northeastern Nigeria when the core Iron Age ceramic traditions reached their sudden demise and as late as the 18th/19th century in areas like Central Kenya where exotic products seem to have taken roots and progressively replaced the Iron Age ceramic technology.
The objective of this paper is to show that there exists a direct relationship between ceramics and history on an interregional scale. Such a relationship is effectively used to support evidence of historical change like the one cited from Muriuki above.
This assessment is based on the ceramics from three regions which are widely separated in space though they share a similar characteristic on the relationship between ceramic style and history.
This paper will cover three areas as part of the interregional assessment. The areas are:
• Central Kenya comprising materials from Gatung’ang’a, Mweiga and Recent Ceramics.
• North Cameroon covering the site of Mehe and a border site (Daima) on the Chad plains on the Northeastern Nigeria side as a comparative assemblage
• The South Pacific with emphasis on the Melanesian sites of Manus and adjoining Islands which I have already clustered into the Lapita (CPTS 4), the earliest known ceramic style in the region, followed by Early Post-Lapita (CPTS 3), Late post-Lapita (CPTS 2) and Late Prehistoric/Recent Ceramics (CPTS 1).

The sites are important in that they cover a fairly similar span from about 3000BP to present. I am particularly interested in the later phases like the Post-Lapita, Late Prehistoric/Recent Ceramics of Melanesia and the Iron Age and Recent Ceramics of Africa which are comparable and suitable in advancing a theory on ceramic change and history in their respective areas.

Wahome, EW.  2013.  Brand personality and the evolution of destination Kenya image during the colonial period. A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya (PAK) New Series. , University of Nairobi : A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya (PAK) New Series
Wahome, EW, BN M.  2013.  Perceptions in a Commons: A Case of Historic Old Town, Mombasa. Journal of Inquiry in Pedagogy 2013. 1 (1):44-69.perceptions_in_a_commons.pdf


Wahome, EW.  2011.  Technological Change Through Time. Distance Learning Module Published by the University of Nairobi. .
Wahome, E.  2011.  Human rights issues in the conservation of cultural property in Kenya. Poverty as a Human rights violation. :35-36., Naivasha


Wahome, EW.  2009.  Research Methods in Tourism.
Deisser, A-M, Wahome EPHRAIMW.  2009.  Designing preventive conseravation training for museums: a case of the National Museums of Kenya. Hekima (Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Nairobi.. IV(1):23-38.



Wahome, EW, Deisser A-M.  2007.  Issues in Condition Assessment. A case study of ethnographic collections at the National Museums of Kenya”. In ed. M. Munene, The Colonial Legacy of Colonialism in Kenya. Nairobi: USIU .


Wahome, EW, Deisser A-M.  2006.  The Karen Blixen House. The Challenges associated with the conservation of historic buildings.
Wahome, EPHRAIMW, Deisser A-M.  2006.  "The Challenges Associated with the conservation of Historial Buildings and Collections:. THE KAREN BLIXEN HOUSE" AFRICA HABITAT REVIEW 1 (2006) 15 - 26. : EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu. Abstract

This paper is based on a condition assessment survey of a historic house and museum, Karen Blixen. The aim was to assess the potential risks that historic buildings are exposed to through external and internal forms of aggression. The study revealed that the building suffers structural problems that need urgent attention if it is to continue serving an important role as part of the Kenyan cultural heritage. It was further observed that some basic housekeeping policies should be instituted in order to control the rate of deterioration on the collections. This paper raises a series of conservation issues and makes recommendations that should be discussed and worked out in a collaborative manner by the various stakeholders.


W, DRWAHOMEEPHRAIM.  2005.  Wahome E.W. (editor) 2005, Hekima.. Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences III(1)2005.. : EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu.


W, DRWAHOMEEPHRAIM.  2003.  Ephraim W. Wahome, 2003 "Xeroradiography, exchange and ceramic characterisation in the admiralty Islands, Papua New Guinea Hekima.. Journal 11 (1) 85 - 91. : EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu. Abstract

Ethnographic evidence and traditional methods of characterization have been frequently applied in the reconstruction of manufacture and distribution of ceramics. This article introduces the method of xeroradiography as a potential tool in the study of ceramic composition and contrasts it with attributes and attribute combinations to provide a holistic understanding of ceramic manufacture and inter-island exchange patterns in the Admiralty Islands.


W, DRWAHOMEEPHRAIM.  1997.  Wahome, E.W. 1997, "Continuity and Change in Lapita and post-Lapita ceramics: a review of the evidence from the Admiralty Islands and New Ireland, Papua New Guinea".. Archaeology of Oceania 32(1997):118-122.. : EM Ngatia, LW Gathece, FG Macigo, TK Mulli, LN Mutara, EG Wagaiyu. Abstract
Although a relationship between Lapiat and post-Lapita ceramic traditions has long been suspected, a systematic and detailed examination of the similarities and differences has not been previously made. An important first step is to determine the nature of change from one to the other by examining pottery from sites which have the full ceramic sequence. My analyses of the assemblages from Manus and New Island demonstrate continuity between the two traditions.


Wahome, E.  1989.  Ceramics and History in the Iron Age of North Cameroon. Nyame Akuma (Publication of the Society for Africanist Archaeologists).. 32:8.


Wahome, EW.  1985.  Later Iron Age in Nyeri District, Kenya.. , Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi

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